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J7? t l--iVrt vfj, THE OHIOAGO EAGLE, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1907. , - -w vt"f --", . i THE BEEF TRUST MUST GO! . . . f It Has Fought Every Effort to Have Dates Placed Upon Its Canned Goods, and Has Combatted Every Attempt to Make It Pay Costs of Inspection. i Now it Has Raised the Price of the Food Products of the Country and Its Assaults Upon the Health of Our Citizens Are Matters of Record. The Bergman Express and Storage Co. WHOLESALB AND RBTAIL, DEALER IN COAL, vWOOD AND COKB STORAGE Furniture Packing and Shipping Furniture and Piano Mover I Warohsasa, 12 Llicola Avenue OHIce, III Latceta A' J Telephone, Ncrth 301 Phone Main 4493 QERAQHTY & CO. Badges and Buttons, Muslin and Oilcloth Signs 61 La Salle Street, The D. & B. Line Steamers leave Detroit weekdays at 5 1 00 p.m., Sundays at 4 1 0(1 (. in. (central time) and front Hulf.uo daily at 5 130 p.m. (caitem time) 'z2x,Jm reaching their destination the next '"tr. i , morning. Direct connections with early Lowest rates and superior service to New Boston, Philadelphia, AthnticCity,:ill Popular week end cxcurstoni to Butfalo and Niagara Falls, leave Detroit every Saturday. V RAIL TICKETS AVAILABLE ON STEAMERS All tlinn ol lltkni ioM triJlnc l Mlthljin Central. Wtbaili Mil Orind Truiik Mlly bctwfrn Detroit .ml Hulfilo In elihcr UlifrtloM will t inrrtol for ifiniponitlon on 1). B. line Sirinwn. -,S'5i,,i,mfc'0I l""',,d piapb!rtnJCtratjV.rimip. AJJrrin t.O. LEWIS, O.r. A. DETROIT & BUFFALO STEAMBOAT CO., Detroit, Mich. PMIUP H. McMIUAN, Vict-Plla. . . CHSNTt, tN. MM. J. F. SMULSKI & CO. 565 NOBLE STREET PRINTERS IN BNOLISN, OaKMAN AN POLISH "4JAI1TA KATOLICKA," tbt lot AtorWa Meatus? imu PsUbs reaiaents at CkUifo A-ori7 Af rtjr sf sMs IIIIIMIMMMIMIMIMIIMMIIMMMMIIMIMMmi Wedding Cake Boxes!; WEDDINQ CAKE ORNAMENTS Supplios for Amy and All Occasions, luck u FAVORS FOR SOCIETIES FAVORS FOR DANCINQ PARTIES FAVORS FOR EUCHRE PARTIES FAVORS FOR WEDDIN0S FAVORS FOR BIRTHDAYS FAVORS FOR CHILDREN PARTIES FAVORS FOR BOOBY PRIZES FAVORS FOR DINNERS FAVORS FOR SOCIAL TEAS FAVORS FOR NATIONAL HOLIDAYS FAVORS WITH SNAPPIN0 MOTTOES FAVORS WITH HATS AND CAPS Gunther's Confectionery, aia State KfATnT t .BY i i T i ;-& rvsflt,! i f. - jbibw ,$? 0aaaWaW. When They FIy Fait f W The Marlin 12 Gauge "gsaff p U the sit-around favorite. It It made lor both black and smoke BIBBBBJBBBF let powders and to take heavy loads. It has one-third U is pans than any other repeater, and handles very fast The Marlin Breechbolt that shuts out rain and water and keeps tbt shells dry makes it a treat wet-weather gun. It has Marlin accuracy, buoyancy and reliability. Our Baparitnca Book has hundrade ol too Mvlla atorias. mm with Catalogue lor J aUmoe postage THE RUN FIRE ARMS CO.. 4 Willow St. Ntw Us. Ct 1 Chicago, 111, Ilta M trains. York. points cast. E2FIIM IWfl fJT Street. M Congres? should pass n law con. rolling packers to print tho (Into ol the canning ou (ho labels of nil caunal goods sold by thorn. Tho fact that the Beef Trust foucht n proposed law to this effect, Inst your, only goes to emphasize tho necojslty that exists for one. According to nil accounts the canned goods of tho Beef Trust nrc bail enough when comparltlvely new, without un loading on the public canned goods that have boon years In n wnrehouse. More than that, tho government should coniHl the packers to pay nil the expenses of meat Inspection. Tho government should also Inspect nil meat lu transit. Lately the Beef Trust has been branching out and gobbling up other Hues of business. It controls tho moat business. It controls tho poultry trade. It controls tho egg market. It controls tho hldo market. It controls tho boot nnd shoo trade. And lately It has stepped luto tbo control of a largo part of tho vegetable market. It Is tho Beef Trust nnd the Boot Trust a I ono that has mudo tbo cost of living as high ns It Is. Tho Boot Trust buys cattle, swltio nnd sheep on the hoof for almost noth ing. If you will tnko the trouble to look at tho market reports of the dally papers you will see that tbo trust pays from fl.25 to 2 per 100 pounds for canning cows. This Is a cent nnd n quarter to two cents a pound. For very high grade meat they pay ns high ns llvo or six cents n pound. Tho trust utilizes every iiortlon of tho cattle, hoofs, horns, Intestine, hide, hair nnd bones. It could afford to sell tho people meat nt reasonable prices nnd make n big profit Itself. But It Is too hoggish to do thin. It has tho American public by tho throat and makes tho Amcrlcnn public pay outrageous prices. Tho following from tho Chicago Dally Journal market report for Oct. L 11)07, Is ii fair xnmplu of what the Beef Trust pays tor vnttle, per 100 IKMinds ; l'rlmu fat steers $il."."(ff.7.!J0 Good to choice steers I.."0(&U,75 Medium to good steers .... .".7.V tl.50 Common to medium steers. .VJ.V(."i.70 Inferior killers Good to choice cows Mora -ww :i.:ni(Ti:t.80 IMttQCMIO Medium cows . Common to good cutters Inferior to good dinners ... l.TAKi2AO Prime heifers 4.50635.76 mmuAo a.oo&a.50 i.'.tsoiu:i.ir 4.00ft ft.00 8.00Q8.50 tI.7ftU.7.RO e e e t e t Medium to good heifers Common to fair heifers , Bologna bulls MlltlMII Fnt butcher hulls . . (food to choice calves Medliun calves eteeeeee Inferior heavy calves :i.0034.00 Selected fetnlers 4.Midi0.U) 4.:tO(4.4.' JLOOriH.'-T. .ri0.Ni 2.40(U 11.40 Fair to good feeders , Medium feeders , Fair to good stocker Inferior light stockers You will see rrorr tho nbovo figures that tho nvcrngo prlco paid by tho Beef Trust Is about 4 cents a pound. But do tho people who have to pay exorbitant prices for food get good food? Lot us look at some of tho records of tho Chicago Health Department for n reply: The following from tho Chicago Health Department Bulletin of Octo ber 28, 1005, speaks for Itself: The city inspectors nt tho Union Stock Yards condemned "FIVE CAT TLB FOUND IN THE COOLBItS, WITH A PAIIT OF THE EVIDENCE OF TUBEItCULOSIS TRIMMED OUT, AFTEIl HAVING BEEN PASSED BY THE GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS." "They also condemned and destroyed 3,003 pounds of cut meats shlpind from St Louis and Kansas City, bavlai passed government Inspect! at those places." This shows the sort of governmMt inspection we have. If a few of the governmental omis sions are rectified bow many thous ands are not? How many nomaa la Europe and America are at this moment harboring cuts of meat from tuberculosis cattle? BB atova report of the Health Com sBBai sBs A am St ttsltiavttta' I ' tot coolers of trust booses, with tabsr cula r tumors "trimmed out" ready to he cut Into steaks. Speaking of the .1.03.'.00n oounds of food condemned in 1005 by Chicago Health Department Inspectors, Dr. C. J. Wbalen, Health Commissioner, says In his annual reHrt: "EIGHTY PER CENT OF TUB MEATS WEBB CONDEMNED ON ACCOUNT OF TUBERCULOSIS." "Commenting upon this condition (continues Commissioner Wlielnn), 'American Medicine,' December 23, says : 'Ono stands aghast nt tbo crimi nal cupidity which will Induce men to attempt to sell such dangerous foods to nn uususectlng community. It Is now lu order to go n step fnrthcr nnd find out.who Is responsible for this moral obliquity. "'It Is well known thnt combina tions of tho larger meat denier hnvo existed In tho past to the end of rais ing the prlco of food stuffs beyond tho point to which healthy competition would reduce them. The outcry has always been In protest against the In creased cost of living, but hero for the first time are the combinations which coairol the food supply, brought l3r direct relation to public hcaltn. "It Is blgh time that thU matter be taken out of tho class of mlnoi of fenses AND THE DEALERS THEM SELVES LOOKED UPON IN THB LIGHT OF PUBLIC DANGERS. Even fen war, when all kinds of brutality are (sanctioned. It la the height of dis honoreven murder to poison the water supply of n country. Is It any better to poison the food supply? It Is time thnt the public mind should develop a conscience In this direction.' Speaking of Beef Trust tuberculosis rend tbo following from the Health De partment Bulletin, November 4, 1005: "Tho total amount of meats con demned during the period was 1,343,343 pounds. Of the principal causes of condemnation, 85 PER CENT WERE FOR TUBERCULOSIS, 12 iter cent for actinomycosis lumpy Jaw and 4 per cent for hog cholera." ncnlth Department Bulletin, Dec. 0, 1005: "A total of 147,000 tounds of meats was condemned nnd destroyed (during the past week) under tho su pervision of the department lnsMctors at tho Union Stock Yards. This In cludes 4,083 pounds of government-Inspected cut meats shipped from pack ing houses In tho West for Chicago city trade and cunning." Health Department Bulletin, Novem ber 11, 1005: "Although tho condemnation nnd de struction of food supplies unfit for human consumption during tbo past three months since tho resumption of Stock Yards Insiiectlon August 7 ult, by order of the Commissioner have reached Immenso proportions, much un fit food still reaches the market. Only such animals and meats as show gross pathologic conditions, recognisable by the naked eye, are now condemned. Fa cilities for microscopic laboratory ex amination bave not yet been restored. "The Union Stock Yards city Inspec tors condemned and destroyed 80 parts of beef carcasses, 8 bogs and 0 cattle WHICH HAD BEEN PASSED BY THB GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS. "The total stock yards condemnations amounted to 170,808 pounds." "Parts of beef carcasses I" -, In other words It has been and Is the practice to cut out the cancers and tubercular tumors and let tho rest, of tbo carcass go to the people for food I Aud yet we call ourselves civilized. The Beef Vrusi will find It bard to get n resting place when the peo ple of this country rlso against It, as they surely will. The peoplo of the whole world are crying for Its exter mination. An average of 50,000 pounds' of dis eased meat Is condemned every week by Chicago Health Department Inspectors In butcher shops and grocery and de partment stores "inside the Union loop." If this great amount of tubercular, cancerous and maggoty material can be found by the Inspectors and destroyed "Inside the loop," a small territory bounded by the river, Van Buren street, Wabasb and Flf tb avenues bow many million pounds are aold to the publlo and consumed In the vast territory oat aide the loop? J This la a very pertinent ajBtttioa. Tbat 60,000 pounds of diseased meat can escape stockyards Inspection every week and find Itself Into department and other stores "Inside tba loop," should suffice to call attention to tba vast amount of poisonous food tbat es capes Inspection at tba etockyarda and la aold outside tka loop. Facts are aveta, a Tbo most amaslng stupidity conceiv ' able of any people with foreheads la that they should allow their supply of food to pass into the bands of one speculative Interest, says Charles Ed ward Russell In a powerful article written by him In the Appeal to Rea son. You can understand how a care less community might tolerate a mo nopoly of some things, bow It might endure to havo its transportation, for Instance, or Its electric light, control led by ono ownership, for 'men can llvo without sleeping cars or nrc lamps; hut tbat It should tolerate n monopoly of the primal uccesslty of food Is beyond comprehension nnd .without precedent Even naked sav ages havo uniformly been too wlso for tbat, and the only nation that has ever submitted to such a monstrous condition Is our own. From n thousand Illustrations of the Injuries wo nil suffer from this Idiotic arrangement let us cite one. There is no way of communicating dlsenso to the human body surer than through Infected meat tissue. Some of tho worst and most destructive ba cilli that prey upon mankind are com mon among tbo animals be eats for food. Cows bave tuberculosis and spread vast quantities of It through the human population. It Is so com mon among cows tbat the wise and 'the forewarned will use none but ster ilized milk. What Is "bog cholera" among awlne Is merely typhoid fever in men. Trlchinea in bogs polsona human beings. Both these diseases are common among awlne. Worse than all these, and more deadly, la another fact that la seldom commented upon becauso It la too ap palling to dwell much upon. What la called "lumpy Jaw" In cattle la simply cancer. The germs of cancer are communicable. Many cattle bave "lumpy Jaw." Any animal with "lumpy Jaw" la unfit for human food. This opens a field that demanda the Immediate attention of the govern ment Cancer Is the most terrible of all diseases. After It bas reached a certain stage of development It la ab solutely Incurable. Its progress to that stage may be without the pa tient's knowledge or suspicion. Its advance beyond thnt stage cannot even be checked. It slays Its victims with the most horrible torture. In this country the recent Increase of this most terrible of human af flictions has been something to alarm us all. It was once rare; It now threatens to become common. In the Cincinnati hospital, In the year 1870 71, the number of cancerous patients was one In 687. tn 1004 the number was one In 273. In 1870, when the total population of the city waa 210, 230, the number of cancer cases re ported at all the Institutions waa 42; in 1000, with a total population of 325,002, the number of cancer cases 'reported at all the Institutions was 108, and In 1003, with about the same population, .the number waa 267. I append tbe table that abowa this as tonishing Increase. Here la a similar report from' two well-known hospitals elsewhere: ROOBBVBLT HOSPITAL, N1W YOBK. Total No, Year. af patients. Cancer. 1878 1,665 38 1870 1,017 40 1880 1,474 90 1881 1,605 28 1882 2,166 96 1883 2,182 85 188-1 2,248 87 1885 2,872 22 1880..... 2.594 0 1887 2,728 77 1888 2,487 65 1880 2,754 70 1800 2,815 78 1891 2,704 1802 2,788 1603 2,884 103 1804 2,704 05 1805 8,204 102 1800 8,118 85 1807 8,184 08 1808 8,462 86 1880 .-.8,003 78 1000 861 SB 1001 ; 8,770 114 1002 8374 115 1008. ... ........8,866 181 1004. ............ .4,286 108 No report PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL. Tear. No. treated. Oanetr. 1868-60. ............ 8,104 8 1800-70. ............ .1,887 8 lSTB-Tlo ... v. 1871-79... . ,...2,176 8 1873-78....... 2,165 If 187S-74 ........ ...10B8 ," IT 1874-76.. ..1,674 IT 1876-76.. .... ...... 1,814 fj( 1878-77 1T78 "' 16 1877-78.1 1,668 " BJt U78-T8...............1tBTi "iv- gaa .............ltlv i4l BB 1880-81 2,170 1881-82. 2,184 1882-83 2,136 188344 2,180 1884-85 2,200 1800-07; 2,801 1807-08 3,241 1808-00. 3,807 1800-00. , s ... 1000-01 1001-02 1002-03 4,006 07 1003-04 4,887 61 From 1885 to 1800 the figures are missing. These are sample pages from the dreadful records. Tho trend of medi cal Investigation has been toward tho conclusion that tho origin of the hu man cancer Infection Is to bo found tn meat It Is no longer hold to be posslblo that cancer or a tendency to cancer can be Inherited. Tho Infec tion Is duo always to an active agent tnjtcn In some wny Into the system. Tho meat of cnttle nflllcted with "lum py Jaw" would be such nn ngent. There come to tbo slaughter houses of tho trust, week by week, many cat tle mulcted with "lumpy Jaw." What becomes of them? I don't know; you don't know; no-, body knows outside of Uie precincts of the slaughter houses. And yet there can be no question to a man who desires to llvo tbat Is of greater Importance than tills. The op erations of those slaughter bouses are conducted behind closed doors. No outsider Is allowed to glimpse what goes on thore. No representative of tho public ever gets .behind that cur tain. You can go there and be enter tained with a fako exhibition of fake slaughtering conducted as a public spectacle. That amounts to nothing. The real work no ono ever sees but tho employes. What becomesof tho diseased cat tlo? Theoretically they lire burned and converted Into fertilizer. Who sees tho burning? Who knows that It Is done or how it Is done? Nobody out sldo of tho employes; All we know Is that "lumpy law" Is cancer; that many cattle havo "lumpy Jaw';" that "lumpy Jaw" Is communicable uud tbat cancer frightfully Increases. Tho London Lancet, the leading medical journal of Europe, sent a man to Chicago to Investigate, so far as ho could, tho slaughtering processes of tho trust house. He returned with a reve lation that should havo called for gov ernment Investigation. Ho declared that tho methods employed were most unsanitary. Tbat the work was dono In a hurried, careless, slipshod way; that thero was no tolernblo insnectlou or sanitary 'supervision; that tbe health of tbe world was. menaced by thoie conditions. To this scathing Indict ment from a great medical authority no serious defense was ever made. Subsequently, there appeared In Jamestown,- N. Y., a remarkable book, "The Dark Side of the Beef Trust" apparently written by an 'expert, sup plementing the charges of the Lancet aim enforcing them with such details as could hardly bava been supplied by anything but personal knowledge. The whole process of manufacture In the trust bouses waa followed with minute care and the charge was explicitly made tbat carelessness reigned every where; tbat lmpsjre products were ha bitually sent out for consumption; that meat fit only for destruction was ha bitually worked up with spices and drag to disguise its taste and sold to the public. To this extraordinary array of spe cific assertions no answer was evor made. Here, then, are two witnesses that solemnly declare that tbe conditions in the trust slaughter houses are exnetly such ns would allow tho ment of "lumpy Jaw" cattlo to be sent out as food. Suppose thnt we take of tho matter the most charitable vlow 'possible. Supposo we assume that the trust gen tlemen are most scrupulous about all tbe ways In which they make money. Suppose we forget about the soldiers poisoned by embalmed beef, the games of gouge and robbery practiced by tbe trust refrigerator car lines, the manip ulation of a thousand markets for profits, the tribute levied by this com bination upon all households In the country. Let na forget that -they are law-breakers' and money-mad and as sume that aot one of them wonld touch a cent of questionable profits. Still thla question stares as In the face: How do we know what becomes of the "lumpy jaw" cattle?. How do tba toast gentleasM know? Their employes are aasployad to make much money for tfct trust gen tlemen. How da we know the ways in which the money Is made? How do the trast iintlMs knowl Ban to a stream of ta most terrlMo lasVttoa passing dally wltata a law Of ttt iMM-a How do we know that sufficient pre cautions nro taken to prevent contami nation? How do the trust gentlemen knowl They Inform us that what goes on behind tho walls of their plants Is their own affair; that Is, their busi ness; they will manago It as they sea lit Whoso nffnlr Is It then, If the nation enti diseased meat, If we are polfloncd by trichinae, If cancer In creases? Other countries nro not so dull as wo nro about those things. Other countries understand very well the monstrous perils Involved In the meth ods of this monopoly, nnd, therefore, try to exclude Amcrlcnn meats. To quiet their objections the United" Stntes Is supposed to keep nn Inspector upon meat Intended for export and to place upon It nn official stamp certify Ing that it Is fit for food. If, then, these are the methods In regard to export beef, about which there Is nominal Inspection, what do you suppose are the methods aboat ment for domestic consumption, on which thero Is no Inspection at all? Why was the Beef Trust allowed to fo on year nrtcr year violating tbe law and no attempt node to prevent It? Why are tho laws Inert against this criminal organization? Why Is a man sent to prison for five years for forg ing a five-dollar check and these men go free for swindling a nation? Why do we contribute our dollars year after year to awell unnecessary hoards? Why are wo content to have onr food prepared for us In secret under conditions tbat to any sane mind cer tainly suggest fraud and treachery? Wo are not obliged to have theao things If we do not want them. Tho remedies are simple enough. As to tho "lumpy 'jaw," the tubercn losls and the cancer,, put a stop to prl vato slaughtering. Let all tbe slaugh tering of food animals be done by tbo State In the light of day, wltbout any of this dark lantern business, on equ terms for all. There are very few prlvato slaughter houses In England. Tho cities nnd towns run their slaugn tcr houses under medical Inspection, But In England tbe people do not care to. bo poisoned In their meat And wo need not worry about tbe ob jection tbat publicly owned slaughter houses are nn Invasion of the prlvato rights of business. When It comes to life and death there are no prlvato rights of business. No man baa a right to saved profits that be makes by spreading disease. We bave gone too far on tbe road to public sanitation to turn back bcause some gentleman profits are threatened. Tbe State wlH not allow you to go around with small pox or to conceal scarlet fever In yoar house, although each may be atrlctly your own affair. Compared with can cer, smallpox and scarlet fever aro nothing. If tba State can take radical measures to stamp out cholera It can take radical measures to stamp oat cancer, a million times won than cholera. If It can provide post hoaseo for public safety It can provide stangb tor bouses for public safety. And It duty In tbe one case Is at least as clear aa In tb other. Tbe Bogle's prediction tbat tbe Beef Trust would raise the price of food on the people has been fulfilled. The action of tho packers Is expected to arouso particularly those members of Congress who havo Insisted tbat tho packers should pay the cost of tbo meat Inspection, for which Congress now appropriates 3,000,000 annually. Ono of tho arguments used against this proimsnl has been tho n negation that tho pnekors would at once shift tho cost of the inspection to tbe cattle raisers. Now tbat tbe packers propose to shift the loss from condemned car casses while at the same time they profit by tho advertisement of tbe gov eminent guaranty of the wholesome ness of their products the proponents of the plan to make them pay for the government inspection Insist they havo an argument Senators Baverldge, of Indiana, and Galllnger, of New Hamp shire, bave already promised to renew tho fight In tho next Ooncraas, Congress should at one add to tho meat Inspection law theao three pro visions : 1 Packers should bo obliged to bear all tho expense attached to In spection. 2 Packers ' should bo obllgsd to print date of canning on tbo labels of all canned goods.' 8-A1I moat li transit ahomld ho ls spocted by tho apron sat. y - .-,.