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uWfH.MB"W" mqii wi -" 6 THE OHIOAGO EAGLE, SATURDAY, MARCH 14, J 906., - v y w imnw1 - PACKERS' BORACIC RECORDS For the Past Three Years, Carefully Collected from Official Reports and Press Telegrams, Furnish Pure Food Data for the Campaign of 1908. The public 1ms n right to know nil bout the doings of the. corporation ttmt furnish It with food. They nre dealing In the kind of "public utili ties" that moan life or death. In ob taining this knowledge, the public ex Ioets to be enlightened from the re jwrtx of State Pure Food Commission ers and the columns of the press. This year Is" the presidential year, and on every stump the puckers and their record will be held tip to the public eye and given to the public ear. The fallute of the government In IN attack on the lleef Trust becaue the packer turned state's evidence on themselves ami were granted an Im munity bath In consequence, has not lnwu forgotten by the people, and the great rise In the price of meat has tested the patience of the voters to the limit. The withdrawal of the City of Chi cago Inspectors from the big packing houe, presumably to oblige the pack ers, has added fuel to the tire, and next year will see the couutry nblnze tijton the subject. The pure food department of Illinois, like the health department of Chicago, lias rested supine, while other states, like Michigan. North Dakota, Fonnsyl ranla and Kentucky have taken great pains to protect their citizens. And the packers appreciate the ef forts of tuee states to protect the heal tli of the men, women and children residing lu them by promising not to cviiil adulterated food Into these com monwealths. We have not heard of their saying anything about sending unlit food Into the states where the authorities nre not so honest. According to all nccounts. much bo raclc acid and sulphites, as well as many dyes, are ued by packers, and It is galnt these preservatives that many states having honest olllclals have taken action. The records of the North Dakotn ml Kentucky Pure Food departments how what has been done lu this direc tion Jn past years. We do not know whether boric acid and sulphites are ued by the big Chi cago packers now or not. as city In spectors have been withdrawn from the large houses. Showing the effect of boric ncld and of the borates, the following Is repro duced from pages 11 nnd 12. of Part 2, of the Fifteenth Annual Iteport of K. F. Ladd, food cotnmli-sloucr of North Dakotn : the ue of borax nnd boric ncld Interferes with the nb fcnrntlnn of food 1111(1 cnUSCS tllO eXCVe tlon of nu nbnormnlly lnrgo amount of nitrogen. He believes It Is demon frniMi that lnriro doses of bcrlc ncld reduces the body weight and that the excretion of these substances from the tody Is so slow that their accumulation In the body is probable, llorax nnd boric ncld cauo diuresis, which may produce dtminge of the kidneys; they may cause skin disturbances; they may produce dlarrlnca ; they Interfere with the abnormal absorption of food; and they may produce vomiting. The conclusion Is that tho mo of boric compounds lu food should be forbid den." On page 12 of the same part of- tho nine report, the North Dakota food commissioner hns this to say nbout the ukc of sodium sulphites In meats: -Our own studies with sausages and hamburger steak Indicate thnt from 0.20 to 0.30 per cent of sulphites are employed In thee meats. As to tho liarmfulness of these products a recent article by Dr. Harrington, of Harv ard Medical College, entitled 'Sodium Sulphite; a Dangerous Food Preserva tive, gives the results of his Investi gations and from this we quote the following: "It is classed as a food preserva tive, but Its antiseptic properties ure comparatively feeble. It Is used moro especially on account of Its effect on the appearance of the food to which It Is ndiled, Its preservative Inlluenco be ing decidedly a minor consideration. It confers upon minced meat (chopped meat) an abnormally brilliant red col or, which conveys to the purchaser the Idea of freshness. Persisting as it does, meat which Is In reality well ad vanced In decomjiosltlon Is readily dis posed of as perfectly fresh, for although the number of bnctern per grain may run as high as BOO millions, It may give off no marked odor. It may fairly 1-e said that on account of Its masking (lecomiiosltlon, It Is an undesirable admixture,' " "Certainly, then, with these facts be fore us, we do not believe that the peo ple of North Dakota wish to allow the Indiscriminate u'-o of these drugs nnd chemicals In their food products." The following standards are laid down for food control work, In the aame report, page 13; Preserved meats: Ham, bacon, dried beef and cured meats should 1 preserved by smoke, desiccation, salt and sterilization only. Sausages: Sausages nre finely dl!a ed or hashed meats mixed with spices and flavoring. They may bo cooked or uncooked and arc usually encased In kins. The water should ho llow SO per ent n..d free from starch, enem ies, praservuMves and coloring. The Food UMDmlsslOD gives the re sults of the examination nnd nnnlysls of several samples of meats and sausages at the North Dakota State Laboratory. We cull some extracts from the report. As showing what Is alleged to have been done lu the pnt, the following are taken from pages 02, 03, 01, C5 nnd 00 of Pnrt 2 of the fifteenth nnnual re port of the Food Commissioner of North Dakota, 11)05: l.iib. No. IS 11 (page 02). Itraud, dried beef, Armour's sliced Star. Producer or Jobber, Armour & Co., Chicago. Contains borates. l.nb. No. 1031 (page 03). llrnnd, Vienna sausage. Producer or Jobber, Armour & Co., Chicago. Contains borates. Lab. No. 2070 (page 03). llrnnd, sliced dried beef, White. Producer or Jobber, Armour Packing Co., Kansas City. Contains liorates. Lab. No. 2132 (page 03). llrand, breakfast bacon, Gold. Producer or Jobber, Armour Packing Co., Kansas City. Contains borates. Lab. No. 2112 (page 01). llrnnd, sliced ham. Producer or Jobber, Armour & Co., Chicago. Contains sulphites nnd borates. Lab. No. 2100 (page 05). Itrand, llologun sausage. Producer or Jobber, Swift & Co., Chicago. Contains bornte. Lab. 2181 (page 05). Itrand,, llologun sausage. Producer or Jobber, Swift & Co., Chi en go. Contains borate. . Lab. No. 2100 (page 00). Itraud, llologna suungc. Producer or Jobber, Armour & Co., Chicago. Contains boraclc ncld or borates. Lnb. No. 2401 (pago CO). Itrand, canvas sausage. Producer or Jobber, Swift & Co., Chi cago. Contains borates. Lnb. No. 2118 (pago 04). Itraud, breakfast bacon, Gold. Producer or Jobber, Armour Packing Co., Kansas City. Contains borates. Wo take tho following from pnges 51), 00 nnd (It of tho rejwrt of tho Ken tucky Agricultural Experiment Sta tion to tho governor of Kentucky on tho enforcement of the pure food Inw, 1005; The manufacturers whoso sausages were found to contain boraclc ncld or coloring matter, or both: "Armour & Co., Chicago. "Kentucky Pncklng & Provision Company, Louisville. "Swift & Co., Chicago. "John Huffman, Cincinnati. "Scbwurzschlld & Sulzberger, Chica go. "Jacob Vogcl & Sons, Cincinnati, Ohio. "Kvnnsvllle Packing Company, Ev nusvllle, Ind. "Omaha Packing Company, Omaha, Neb. "Cudahy Packing Company, St. Louis. "Pfafllngcr & Co., Louisville, "llausch & linger, Louisville. "Nelson Morris & Co., Chicago. "Klneghar & Co., Indianapolis. "Tho German American Provlslou Company, Chicago, "In tho fall of 1005, Mr. C. J. Tress ler, attorney for Swift & Company, called nt tho olllcc nnd stated thnt Swift & Co, had eliminated boraclc acid and color from meat products FOR SALi: IN KKNTUCKY, and that there would be no further shipments containing these Mibstnuccs Into the state." The report continues: "The packing houses need Inspection to control adulterations which tho packer Is permitted, without restraint to add to meat products, Just as much ns tho Inspection which tho Federal Government conducts with referenco to the physiological wholoomencss of the animal. While bornclc ncld Into meats of otherwise superior quality, tho chief reason for using antiseptics, nrtldclnl colors nnd other adulternntn Is to dis guise deficiencies, or Its method of preservation, and when these adulter ntlons are restricted the result must bo n higher standard In the product to he packed, better methods of packing nnd preservation nnd a more whole some nnd perfect food." "Recent Investigations have undouht wily shown that tho federal Inspec tion over the physiological condition of packing house meats Is not thorough, and that some of the animal PROD UCT UNFIT FOIt FOOD IS PUT UP AND PASSED TO CONSUMERS UN OKU THH GUARANTEE OF Till: 'MEAT INSPECTION STAMP.' The antiseptic and tho aniline dye nro tho chief means by which the consumer Is deceived Into believing thnt this In ferior or condemned inont Is pure mid wholesome." "Mr. W. W. Archer, nttorncy for Armour fc Co., writes tho station under date of September 2S, 1000, regarding tho finding of borl? sM in Armour & Co.'s oleomargarine, as follows: "We note copy of your letter of September 2Mb. saying that Armour & Co.'s oleo was found to contain bo raclc acid, and you have reported the same to the commonwealth's attorney. I leg to say that we have given Instruc tions to the oleomargarine department to cease using any preservatives If they nre using It.'" " Armour & Co. have al ready begun the mnuufacture of sau sage for Kentucky nt Inilsvllle. while an agent of Swift & Co. states that his llrui have Installed a separate de partment In the Chicago plant In or der tn make sausage without boraclc acid FOIl KENTUCKY AND PENN SYLVANIA." Tins following Associated Press dis patch appeared lu the Chicago dally papers of October 12. 1000: Philadelphia, Pa.. Oct. 11. 1000. On the charge that Armour & Co. have been M'lllng meat preserved by boric acid to local consumers State olllclals went to Washington today to urge action by the federal authorities. State Dairy and Food Commissioner Warren, wlio caused warrants to be Issued for several of the company's agents, scut his assistant, Oliver D. Schick, nccompnnlcd by N. 11. Crltch Held, State secretary of agriculture, to lay the ease before Secretary Wilson and Dr. II. II. Wiley at Washington. The incuts alleged to have been "doctored" were discovered on Sept. 11 nnd us the pure food net became opera tive on Sept. 1 Commissioner Warren declares the company Is liable under the federal laws for violation of this act. The following appeared on the sec ond page of part 1, of the Chicago Sunday Tribune of October 20, 1007. It speaks for Itself: RULING OF MICHIGAN JUDGE BLOW TO AllMOUIt COMPANY. Petition to Have Injunction Against Sale oT Sausage Dissolved Refused Another Pica Falls. Nlles, Mich., Oct. 10. Special. Judge Coolldgo to-day refused to grant the petition made by Armour & Co. to have the Injunction forbidding the com pany from selling sausage In Michigan dissolved. Tho Injunction was ob tained by State Food Commissioner Illrd on the grounds thnt the sausages were adulterated In violence of the pure food laws. Judge Coolldgo nlso refused to sus tain tho temporary Injunction obtained bj Armour & Co. forbidding nird from posting certain bulletins showing that the sausages contained certain adulter ants. The following dispatch published In tho Chlcngo necord-Herald, Oct. 31, 1007, explains Itself: Lincoln, Neb., Oct. 30. William Huxtnble, representing Swift & Co., nnd Claude Dyron, representing Armour A Co., were to-day bound over to tho dis trict court on tho charge of violating the pure food law by selling unhrnuded meats. The Cudahy company agreed to abide by the decision lu the cases of tho other two concerns. Chlcngo Health Department annual report, 1007, page 01: " n number of samples of butter, cheese, liquid eggs, sausage and potted or can ned meats nnd other canned foods have been found to be preserved with boric ncld during the past year." During the nnnual convention of tho American Mont Packers' Association, which opened In Chicago Oct. 7, 1007, the committee appointed to ask the gov ernment to return to the packers meats rejected nnd condemned by govern ment Inspectors, made the following report: "No provision has been made for the return of meats to Inspected es tablishments lifter they have been re jected, but your comuiltteo expects, when this Is fully considered by tho de partment, relief will ho grouted." In other words, meats condemned because of cancer, tulerculoss, lumpy. Jaw nnd the like will bo returned to the packers! What will .tho packers do with this condemned meat? Ship It nbroad, or sell It to the peo ple of Chicago? Peoplo nro beginning to appreciate tho enormity of tho withdrawal of Chi cngo city Inspectors from tho big pack ing houses. Does boric acid cause appendicitis? In the course of nn nrtlclo re-publlshed from a New York paper, In the Chicago Dally News of November 3, 1000, wo find the following: "In tho meantime physicians, ns well as the public at Inrge, continue to won der whether either one of tho authori ties Just mentioned mny find It possible to correct somo of tho nbuses that ore most rrequent, soys the New ork Post. Tho troublesome problem of tho use of boric ncld ns a food preserva tive, for Instance, has Just been brought to the attention of tho medical world once moro by tho nppearaneo In n recent number of tho Lnncet (Lon don) of an article In which such an nuthorlty ns Dr. Reginnld Harrison, past vlco president nnd Hunterlan pro fessor of pathology nnd surgery nt the Itoynl College of Surgeons of England, repeats his declaration thnt th In crease of appendicitis and related dis ease h directly traceable to the . ploymcnt of boric ncld nnd other clicm lenls for the preparation and preserva tion of food. He K)lnts out thnt the death rate from enteritis, appendicitis nnd perityphlitis lucrcnsed In Great Itrltnlii during tho twenty-year period of 1&S5-10O4 from 133 to 305 per 1,000, 000. "According to Dr. Harrison's theory, the process by which tho boric ncld produces appendicitis Is mechnnical and Indirect, the first step being the development of flatulent dyspepsia now recognized ns being nn nlmost In evitable effect of tho presence of such preservatives lu the food nnd the sec ond step being the entrance of gns Into the appendix. Dr. Harrison s.iys: "The Initial lesion which probably renders appendicitis possible Is- the opening or blowing out of the appen ding canal to such a degree as to len der It accessible to the contents of the Intestines. . . . When this condi tion Iiiih- thus been fairly well estab lished, the ease nnd life of the appen dix, not to say anything of the Indi vidual, are liable to become preca rious. "In supiiort of his contentions, Dr. Harrison quotes Dr. Denver, of Phila delphia, and a recent address by Dr. Richard Jones to the North Wnles branch of the llrltlsh Medical Asso ciation, In which ulso occurred this passage : "'There can be no doubt that the continuous Introduction of these chemi cal substances Into the system Inter feres wllth digestion, depresses the heart action, and Injuriously affects tho kidneys.' "That no credence can bo placed In the sometimes heard assertion thnt the food prepared lu this country for do mestic consumption Is free from many of the adulterations that characterize the exported articles, seems proved by an experience related to n reporter by a man Just returned from a vacation spent In one of the less accessible parts of the llcrkshtres. Practically the only meat that could bo obtained was bacon lu glass Jars, bought nt a little village grocery miles nway. As n rule the Jars sent for were put up by n New York firm. Hut one day, while making a meal ou frizzled bacon from such n Jar, both tho informant and his wife noticed a peculiar burning sensation lu the throat nnd the canal connecting It with tho nose. "Some experimenting proved quickly that tho bacon was wholly responsible for tho unpleasant effect. Tho Jar was then examined and was found to have been put up by one of tho best-known and most widely advertised meat firms lu Chicago. It was concluded and properly, according to consulted author ities that tho observed sensation wns caused by tho.prcsenco In the bacon either of somo such preservntlve ns boric acid or somo coloring substance, or both." Always remember that lu order to please the packers, there Is no longer city Inspection nt the Uulon Stock Yards. Tho withdrawal of the city Inspect ors from the big pncklng houses nt tho stock yards was an awful thing. We take tho following from pago 22 of tho annual report of the Chicago Health Department for 1005, Issued In 1000: "At the Union Stock Yards during the last five months of tho year, the seven Inspectors (five of whom wero npjiolnted lu November) Jmvo con demned and destroyed 2,701,038 pounds of meat, as being uullt for food; all of which would have been sold lu the City of Chicago and for which the purchaser would have paid first class prices. From these figures It Is very evident that Inspection by the city of nil food products Is of un told value, not only from a financial, but also from n sanitary nnd hygienic standpoint. "The following will show hew neces sary city Inspection Is at the Union Stock Yards: "The city meat Inspectors have con demned lu the coolers and ou the cut ting Hoors, AFTER PASSING GOV ERNMENT INSPECTION : "125 cattle, cause, actinomycosis. "07 cuttle, cnuse, emaciation. "24 cattle, cause, tuberculosis evi dence of tho disease having been trimmed out. "10 sheep, cause, 'downers.' "27 sheep, cause, pneumonia, i "04 hogs, pyaemia nnd tuberculosis. "47,720 jwuuds of cut meats ship ped from St. Louis, Omaha, etc., for canning. This meat was sour and slimy." Tho Health Department reports for years back have been Interesting rend ing for people who give thought to tho matter of pure food: The following from the Chlcngo Health Department Bulletin of Octo ber 36, 1005, speaks for Itself: Tho city Inspectors nt the Union Stock Yards condemned "FIVE CAT TLB FOUND IN THE COOLERS, WITH A PART OF THE EVIDENCE OF TUBERCULOSIS TRIMMED OUT, AFTER HAVING BEEN PASSED BY THE GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS." "They also condemned and dfstrnred 3,003 pounds of cut meats ships-' -a It Louis and Kansas City, aTlug passed government Inspection at those places." This shows the sort of government Inspection wo have had. If a few of the governmental omis sions nre rectified how many thous ands nre not? How many home In Europe nnd America are nt this moment harboring cuts of meat from tuberculosis cattle? 'Ato! abcre report of tho Henlth'Com lAkktMicr tVka of meat hanging Id the poolers ot rmn houses, with tuber cular tumors "trimmed out" ready to be cut Into steaks. Speaking of the .I.OSri.OO0 wunds of food condemned ,n 1005 by Chlcngo Health Department Inspectors, Dr. C. J. Whntcn, Health Commissioner, says In his nnnual report: "EIGHTY PEIt CENT OF THE MEATS VEItE CONDEMNED ON ACCOUNT OF TUBERCULOSIS." "Commenting upon this condition (continues Commissioner Whebin), 'American Medicine,' December 23, says : 'Ono stnnds nghast at the crimi nal cupidity which will induce men to attempt to sell such dangerous foods to nn unsuspecting community. It Is now In order to go a step farther and find out who Is responsible for this moral obliquity. "'It Is well known thnt combina tions of the larger meat dealers have existed In the past to tho end of rais ing the price of food stuffs beyond the point to which healthy competition would reduce them. Tho outcry bar nlways been In protest against the In creased cost of living, but here for the erst time nre the combinations which coxirol the food supply, brought bttr t direct relation to public henltn. "It Is high time thnt thU nutter be taken out of the class of mlnoi of fenses AND TnE DEALERS THEM SELVES LOOKED UPON IN THB LIGHT OF PUBLIC DANGERS. Even tn war, when all kinds of brutality are sanctioned. It Is the height of dis honor even murder to poison the water supply of a country. Is It any better to poison tho food supply? It is time tunt the public mind should develop n conscience In this direction.' " 8poakltiR of Beef Trust tulierculosls read tho following from tho Health De partment Bulletin. November 4, 1005: "Tho totnl amount of meats con demned during the period was 1,313,343 pounds. Of the principal causes of condemnation, 85 PER CENT WERE FOR TUBERCULOSIS. 12 per cent for actinomycosis lumpy Jaw and 4 per cent for hog cholera." Health Department Bulletin. Dee. 0. 1005: "A totnl of 147.000 nounds of meats wns condemned nnd destroyed (during tho pnst week) under the su- liervlslon of the department Insiiectors nt tho Union Stock Yards. This In cludes 4,083 pounds of government-Inspected cut meats shipped from pack lug houses In the West for Chlcngo city trade and canning," Health Department Bulletin, Novem ber 11. 1005: ' "Although the condemnation nnd ile- structlon of food sunnlles unfit for humnn consumption during the past turee months since the resumption of Stock Yards lusiectlon August 7 ult., by order of tho Commissioner have reached Immense proportions, much un fit food still reaches the ninrket. OnW such animals and meats as show gross pathologic conditions, recognizable by tho naked eye, are now condemned. Fa cilities for microscopic laboratory ex amination nave not yet been restored. "Tho Uulon Stock Yards city Insnee. tors condemned and destroyed 30 pnfts of lieef curcusses, 3 hogs and (1 cattle WHICH HAD BEEN PASSED BY THE GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS. "The total stock yards condemnations amounted to 170,808 pounds." "Parts of beef carcasses!" In other words It has been nnd Is tho practice to cut out tho cancers and tubercular tumors nnd let the rest of the carcass go to the people for food I Aud yet we call ourselves civilized. During tho twelvo mouths prior to tho withdrawal of tho city Inspectors from the stock yards, according to the rejiort of the Ilenlth Department for 1000. issued In 1007, the city Inspectors condemned and destroyed 20,000 cat tlo and hogs. Tho principal causes for condemnation were : Cattle, tuberculosis, 82 per cent; lumpy Jaw, 14 per cent; other causes, 4 per cent. " Hogs, tuberculosis, 05 per cent; cholera and swine plague, 20 per ceut; other causes, C per cent. But tho city Inspectors have now been withdrawn from the stock yards. Tho following from tho Chicago Record-Herald of January 4, 1008, explains Itself: Lansing, Mich., Jan. 3. Circuit Judge Wless this afternoon In an opin ion held thnt tho uso of cereal and wa ter In sausage Is nu ndulterntlon of tho product nnd brings it within tho scopo of the Stnto puro food inw prohibiting ndultorntlons. The decision wns made In tho application of Armour & Co. for nn injunction to restrain the Stnto daily and food department from Inter fering with the sale of their sausage because cereal and wafe? are used In its manufacture. . . .(? ";-wm -.tfwfifrj jpBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBj ' mrbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb "P!sBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbI 2vbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbll V ;-K:' '"""' saBflBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBsf ,.-uBM JbbbbbIbbkV. bVbbbbbbbbbbH lfVP 'STIBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBb! '' '4'IiflBBBBBBBBf . ft $ AIsBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbI CtlriBBBBBW $ V 'aBBBBBBBBal "S;BBBM -" , . .'BBBBBBBBBH V. YWliBrifefaKL1 'k a i.BBBBBBBBBBBBBH MbIHHF bbbbbbH ' FmHMMKbbkJL'. k - bbbbbbbbbbbbI BBBBBBBBBBBBBLH HbBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBLH' IbbbbbbA ""bbbbbbbbH FRANCIS D. OONNERY, Popular Alderman Twenty-eighth Ward. BUSINESS NOTES. The business men who want the Ix-st desks and olllcc fittings go to Revolt's. If you can't be suited nt Rovell's you can't be suited anywhere. Solo Rye, the best ou the bars, Is al ways .the favorite of discriminating drinkers. It satisfies the taste of the most exacting critic. Distilled solely by Straus Bros.' Company, Chicago. Otto Grloslmch Is tho proprietor of tiie restaurant and buffet at 18S South Water street, which Is patronized by the best business men. Mr. Gricsbach deserves their patronage, for he treats them well. Go where the best In town go by rnylng n visit to Cnpt Anson's Home Plate Buffet, 135-141 Madison street, tho most popular plnco downtown. Finest billiard and poolroom In the world. The M. P. Byrne Construction Co. Is one of the greatest, most successful snd most reputable firms of Its kind In this or any other city In the coun try. Solo Rye has been tested nnd never been found wanting. "The best on the bars." The Rlenzl Is the place to go for nn enjoyable nftornoou or evening. Excel lent music, Due cuisine, splendid serv ice and beautiful garden and hall. Has no peer of. Its kind In Chicago. Clark street, Evitustoii avenue and Dlversey boulevard. No wonder the business of the Brand Brewing Company, at 1281 filston ave oue, Increased over 100 oer cent during 1000. Their famous "Extra" brew has t world-wide reputation. Remember Ilreeu & Kennedy nro the sole proprietors of tho famous Mary land Reserve Puro Ityo Whiskey, rec ognized by everybody as the best on the market. No better place In Chlcngo for pic nics, festivals and parties of all kinds than II. James Kolzo's beautiful Elec tric Park, at tho corner of Irving Park boulevard and Northwest 04th street One of the best-liked and moat pop alar business men In Chicago la Tom N. Donnelly, the Jeweler, at 118 Dearborn street Mr. Donnelly enjoya the con Idence and patronage of the very best people In Chicago, and It you want the best goods, In watches, dnonda and lewelry, at reasonable prices, the man to patronlao la honest Tom Donnelly, at 118 Dearborn street. The safest department store In the city to-day Is The Fair. It has broad aisles and every convenience for the public. The comblneu Liquid Tank and freight Cur Company possesses certain Improvements In railway cars for the facilitation of the movement of freight snd liquid in tho same car which will appeal to every Intelligent persou who la shown the decided advantages of con struction which these cars possess. The company Is selling stock and offers to Investors an attractive proposition. One of the finest breweries In tho country, and one that turns out some ot the finest brands of beer, Is the great Bergboff Brewing Company of Fort Wayne, Ind. The following brands of beer brewed and supplied by this brewery are among the most popular and hnvo great demand In Chi cago: "Extra Pale," "Dort Doppel," "Salvator," "Berghbff's Select," and last but not least, "Dortmuuder." John J. Geragbty, Ol La 8alle street, la the man to go for campaign buttons and the finest badges of all descrlp ttoaa, .. . "U'ffW t V'.VvS-X'"''. BUSINESS NOTES. The Fair is Chicago's foremost de partment store and Is also the safest. It nlsjunds with splendid nsortiucnt of merchandise exclusively for the uso of men. Maryland Reserve Is :i fnvottte with nil good Judges of rye whisky. Brecn As Kennedy, sole proprietors. For expressing nnd storage the -Bergman Express nnd Storngc Co.. 115 Lin coln avenue, have no equal In Chicago. Wholesale and retail dealers In coal, wood and coke. For badges, buttons and signs of all kinds ko to Ocrnghty & Co., 01 La Salle street. Ilohenadel Bros., 100-201 East Mad Iso.n street, nre the headquarters for the new regulation police winter caps. The beer bottled by the Independent Brewing Association the Erust Broth ers' famotisi plant, Is the hnest In th country. Order It for your residence. Phone, North 04S. For the finest tailoring nt modernto prices go to Tanner & Con ley. Reaper block. They stand In tho frdnt ranks of Chicago's leading tnllors. Tuxedos nnd full dress suits enn be rented. Georgo W. Paullln, Stewart build ing, Is the man to buy furs of lu Chl cngo. Ho handles tho finest nnd his prices- nre rensonable. Repairing aud remodeling also done. Proprietors of buffets who want to servo the best lunches should patronize William Davidson, 80 Locust street. Ho supplies the lending buffets lu Chicago. There are no brands of beer In th market better liked or oftener called for than toe Dortmuuder, Extra Pale, Dortmunder Dopple, Salvator and Berghoffa Select brands of the Berg boff Brewing Company, Fort Wayne, lad. One of the finest remedies for the stomach, liver and kldnevs Is tho Thespian Diuretic Spring Water. Tho springs from which this great water comes nro located at Louisiana, Mo. Mr. 0. M. Dowllng, 1530 Duunlng street, Is the sole distributer. Armour nnd Swift nnd the other tnx favorites must bo uppermost In tho thoughts of thousands of Chlcn gonns, who, taxed to tho limit, nre straining every nervo nnd denying; themselves ninny necessities In order to pay their taxes. Should the wheel tux, assessed on all poor owners of vehicles, be Insufficient to meet tho deficit caused by the refusal of the Assessors to place a Just assess ment, agulust tho pcrsouul holdings of the Armours, Swifts nnd other multl millionaires, certain Aldermen are al ready planning to pass nu ordinance taxing all signs lu the city. This will probably be followed by a tax on nil windows. Anything to suve the assess ors' pets, Armour, Swift, et ul. The iiolleo cun thank multi-million-aires, like Armour aud Swift, for not getting their salaries raised, If tlieso men aud their coriiorutlons paid their Just share of personal taxes tho city would hnvo money plenty. When tho lleef-Trust enn openly defy the United Stntes Supreme Court nnd stay out If Jail, do you wonder thnt thcro nro men called nnurchlstal Stockholders' Meeting. The tinmiHl im-WIng nt tliu atn;l.liollm of Dm Clilmsru .ewpaHT Unlun will be held ul tlii nlllctt nf tlio Company, No., Illl v South Jefferson Htri-et, (Milt-auo, III., at 'iV '' p. m on the 14th day ot April. 1UUS, for the pm-poe of electing a Hoard ot Oliectors tot the vuHulntr yesr. , P. K. TttACY, Secretory. UiHtU jry c s Lrf-j v - - tv 9 ri AtT i rt&jgmm$ l V'