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Mo 3 V Enter n ScmiM Class Matter OetaMr II, ISB. at tha Past Offlaa at CMaafa, IIHnala, under Aet af Mareh 3ra". 1879 v INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.' Entered at Secant Class Matter Oetaaer 11,1889, at the Peat Of nee at Chleafe, llllnelt, under Aet af Mareh 3rd, 1879 ' TWENTY-FIRST YEAR, NO. 26. CHICAGO, 8ATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1910.-TWELVE PAGES. Vf&'Mgff WHOLE NUMBER 1,007 IV ' v li rmc ''! 2 -V4 "u '-! ': RUBENS HITS DRYS Prominent Attorney, and Friend of Ieiv sonal Liberty, Lambastes Prohibition ists in Brilliant Speech Last Sunday. He Shows Them Up as Haters of Foreigners, and Who Are Trying to Put the 'Stigma of Ridicule Upon Chicago; ' There Is a Strong Will Not But Whether It Is or Not, One Thing Is Certain, and that Is that Chicago Will Never Go Dry. " ' ' . Harry Rubens gave the drys on last Sunday a thorough and magnificent lambasting. Mr. Rubens spoko at the Auditorium under the auspices ot the German-American National Alliance. The big Auditorium was packed to tho limit with enthusiastic men, wom en and children. Judge M. F. Qtrten acted-as chairman. Mayor David S. Rose ot 'Milwaukee cnade a stirring address and Walter R. Me'cbaelts read a set ot resolutions that were adopted by the audience t with a whoop and a cheer. Mr. Rubens spoke as follows: "The prohibition leaden are Just as well aware as ourselves that tho prac tical carrying out ot prohibition In the great cities ot America Is an-lm-possibility; that the inevitable conse quence of such prohibitive laws in their application to such cities as Chi v cago would causo an Increase In tho ' misuse ot alcoholic stimulants, would drive the city to the brink of bank ruptcy, and woiVl add to all this tho increase ot vice by Innumerable crimes, such as perjury, bribery, tho corruption of officials, and, bo on. And In spite ot all this they will continue upon their course. Why? "The' leaders and most ot their stanch henchmen nro neither more nor less than knownothings and haters ot foreigners. One needs only to read the resolutions of their national conven tions to find more and more that they plant themselves" in the path ot Im migration of those of foreign birth. "The American Prohibition Yesr - book for the year 1908, after quoting the immigration statistics for the year 1000, from whlch it appears tMt among the Immigrants were 27,000 Germans, 23,000 Swedes, 50,000 Eng lish, 35,000 .Irish, etc., continues In these words. , "'These people, drunken and Illiter ate, must lower the average of Ameri can -sobriety and intelligence and do It increasingly as the hordes come In.' "This Is the well considered, open ly printed declaration o tthe leaders ot the Prohibition party. Mark tho words; you and your fathers and mothers are drunken and Ullterato hordes. Carry this Insult back with you Into your homo, that every one of us may be -clearly Instructed that In tho next election there. Is an Issue ot n thousand times more Important than that ot tha saloon; that in this battle our culture, our customs, our stand ing In tho American community are all at stake. "Effective means of Improving and elevating the customs and habits ot so ciety or ot combating social vices do not Ho in tho domain ot compulsory laws. Thoy nro to bo found In church and lnschool, In scientific enllghtment In regard to the Injurlousness ot nil sexes. They are to be found In tho substitution of less Intoxicating drinks for ardent liquors and in an education to self-control, in the power pt a whole some and enlightened public opinion. "Every one Knows, and tho leaders ot the prohibition movement know It ns well, that the ordinary expenditures ot the city ot Chicago demand a year ly outlay ot $23,000,000 and that ot this sum more than $7,000,000 must bo met by tho saloon licenses. Every one knows that the loss ot this sum at one move cannot be met in any other way and that the city govern ment in tho case of an unfavorable result In this election would have no other recourse than to reduce substan tially Its police, its Are department, and the rest, "After the lapse of some time we would, to be sure, And a way to meet Possibility that the Blue Law Ballot Be Voted Upon a Week from Next Tuesday, the deficit, but only by making the pressure ot taxes, which mainly bur dens the man in humble life, still more oppressive. "The petty' malice of the prohibition ists compels us to cast our votes on April G In regard to this question. WeH, vote we' will! We German-Americans and along with us many thou sands ot thoughtful. JLaslo-Aseilcana. and Americans ot other ancestry will take up the gauntlet which has been so Insolently cast at 'our feet and will hurl It vigorously Into the face of our enemies. We will vote no, no, a thou sand times no. ' "We will vote no: "Because history has taught us that temperance cannot be secured by laws of compulsion. "Because prohibition has never up to this time been successfully carried out In any place, least ot all in largo cities. "Because prohibition has ever and always been the origin ot clrm'es, ot corruption, of perjury, and contempt of all laws. "Because we must presorve the cos mopolitan city of Chicago from tho stigma ot ridicule and protect Its citi zens and its guests from the guardian ship ot the constabulary In the matter of their food and drink. "Because we will not deprive the city of a large part ot Its necessary revonues. "Because we reject with scorn tho Insult which has ben placed upou us by the prohibitionists, "Because we, as patriotic Americans, are determined that the three brightest tars in Columbia's diadem, the stnM ot political, of religious, and ot per sonal liberty shall be maintained and preserved forever pure and shining." From present Indications the local option question will not go on the bal lot, but whether It does or not the Carrie Natlonites and all the other drys can be euro ot ono thing, and that is that Chicago 1b not going to and never will become a prohibition town. Only ono more week before election. Tho revised registration, with all tho precincts heard from, shows a total of 431,187 voters qualified to participate In the election April B. This Is n record-breaker and reflects the growth of the city, say election exports. The highest previous number ot registered voters was recorded In 1008 In a presi dential year, when 409,131 voters' names were upon tho lists. Tho Illinois Staatz Kcltung has nom inated a splendid man for Mayor In tho person of Charles H. Wackor. Mr. Wacker U one of Chicago's most dis tinguished and public splrltod citizens, and in bringing him to the front we believe that Editor Walter R. MlchaelU has named a winner! Fire Marshal James Horan scored tho Merrlam commission In a talk which he made at tho weekly luncheon qt the Cook county real estate board Tuesday, Among other things ho charged that owing to the activities of tho com mission it now costs moro to sell an old'wprn out flro horse, The increased cost was duo, he as serted, to the rule secured by the commission requiring that horses, hose and other old Junk belonging to the department should only be Bold after advertising for sixty days, the cost ot which was $1.25 a day. He also charged that the commis sion was responsible for n Increased cost of about $1.S0 a 'ton for the coal consumed by the department. He said tnat tne commission in us investiga tions had come to the conclusion that the amount ot coal kept in storage by..thft,dcparimBt jv.as unMcesswaiyJanyaefasyindllnjajtXiai lurge and as n result of Its criticisms the higher cost is now being paid. Downtown property owners also came in for criticism, tho chief saying that If they would couple up the wa ter supply in their buildings with that Able Former Jurist) Who ' ot other contiguous buildings much good would bo accomplished. He said the department frequently Is called upon to pump out baBoments and fill tanks, and declared that many ot these owners have eutes of highly dovoloped grouch, seldom speak to, their neigh bors and whose attorneys never speak at all. In the matter ot expenditures and returns .he said that South Chicago pays about JQ00.000 in taxes and gots back about 1800,000 In police and fire k. protection, etc.; that the Seventh ward pays $6S,000 and gets back $868,000, while the First ward pays $5,000,000 and gets only $1,000,000 back. ' ' To Prnft-rt Curler llnrrlnon Worker. Now York, March 21. A new hu mane Boclety whose aim Is to cam paign against the use of sponges has been organized. The sponge, according to a letter Bent out by the society, is an animal that Is alive when fished dp from the sen, and suffers (Inexpres sible torture In dying on thf deck of a ship In the burning sun. i s- Deprivlng the city treasury of seven million dollars annually by the clos ing of the saloons don't sound good to tho taxpayers. Congressman Mann of the Second and Congressman Wilson of he Third District will both have to "put up awful strong fights to win ;a renom (nation. Several popular Republicans In each district have announced their candidacy. Congressman Martin B. Madden ex pects to experience little difficulty In getting a renomlnatlon. j . Congressman James F. McDermott has a fight on his hands in the Fourth District. Several strong Democrats are out for his scalp. Congressman A. J. Sabath will bo renominated In the Fifth District. Congressman William J. Moxley's hard and winning fight In the Sixth District last fall Insures for him a re nomlnatlon. Congressman Fred Lundln has pleased his many followers by his rec ord during his first term, and he" will have no trouble In being renamed. Congressman Thomas Gallagher is doing little worrying about his pros pects In the Eighth District. They look exceedingly good. Congressman Henry Sherman Bou tell expects little trouble In getting a renomlnatlon. He has built up a strong and Influential following In the Ninth District, and the prospects ot a fight on him, It there ever were In the "Tenth District all the prob-- abilities point to two -or more strong Republicans contesting with Congress man Georgo E. Fobs for the nomina tion. Congressman Frank O. Lowden Is bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbHLbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbVbV ''v' vbLbbbbbbB ("W?".'), A1H-.f!,i IBlBvA. TBBBBBBBBBBBBjafe, BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBJJ BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB IBBTBTR 'BTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTI L !flaBr ''BBBBBBBBBBBBI bbbbbbbbbbbbbbBkv ('bTbbbbbbbbbbbTbTH IPNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNf i pNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNj EDWARD F. DUNNS, Givos an Opinion Calling for the Re-election cf the Entire Munic'pal Court Bench Next Fall. ono congressman In the stato who Is doing very little worrying about tha coming rosult. He has won. tho ad miration and confidence ot his con stituents In tho Thirteenth .District, and his renomlnatlon and re-election Is cortaln. Why should elections for Municipal Judges bo held In the 'fall? All Muni cipal officers should be elected iu the spring. DUNNE IS RIGHT - The Former Mayor Gives Opinion Show ing that the Present Terms of Mu nicipal Judges Is Illegal. Ruling Based on a General Provision in Constitution Which Says that the Terms of Judges Shall Be Four Years. A General Cleaning Out of the Men on the Municipal Bench . with a Few Exceptions, Will Prove Popu lar with Everybody, And that There Will Be Very Few of the Present Judges Keelected Can Be Put Down as a Dead Certainty. ' , Former Mayor Edward F. Dunne's opinion Bhowtng that the present terms of the Municipal Court bench are illegal is a true one and one that meets' with the popular approval ot everybody. An election for the whole twenty seven members ot the court next tall is demanded by the people. Andyery few of the present judges stand a gliblf oriTstiow of being re elected. For which wo can all be thankful for. Immediate court proceedings'to set tle the question of the length of terms of tho Judges ot tho Municipal Court will bo begun by tho Democratic Coun ,ty Committee, acting on an opinion written by the former mayor. The Democrats expect the courts to rule that four years Is the maximum term of a Municipal Court Judge. If this ruling were made It would mean that, Instead of electing nine judges In next fall's election, twenty spvon 'candidates would bo pluccd on the ballot by oach party. Democrats bellovo It would meau the election of their entire ticket, and consequently a complete change in tho City Court bench, as there Is not one Democratic judge now in the Mu nicipal Court. Former Judge Dunne was named as chairman ot a committee ot lawyers to pass on the question of tho Mu nicipal Court-term. Hls-roplnloa-ls based on a general provision In the constitution which says that the terms of judges shall be four years. It Js held there is nothing In the constitutional amendment concerning a Chicago charter which gives the leg islature power to Increase this term for the Chicago judges. It Is understood to bo tho Republi can position that the power Is con tained In this amendment. The Re publicans are expected to. resist all at tempts to elect more than nine Judges next fall. The City Court nominations In the pnsMiavo brought out more aspirants than any other places on the ticket. As tho voting Is confined to tho city, should the Democrats make a good showing In the fnll election tho first offices they would carry would bo tho city judgeships. There Is considerable talk ot en deavoring to Induce former Mayor Dunne, to make the race for chief jus-' tlce ot tho Municipal Court, should his opinion bo upheld In the action which will bo brought beforo tho courts. Attorney Henry M. Shabad, who first raised the contention that under the constitution Judges ot the Munici pal Court cannot bo elected for terms coveting a longer period than four years, Wednesday discovered that the trainers ot the law foresaw that such an objection would be raised against the six-year term provided. Attorney Shnbad pointed out that in section Co of tho Municipal Court Act It is set forth that, should tho sections fixing the terms at six years bo declared un constitutional, on that account tho net should not bo declared wholly Invalid. Section 03 then goes on to stute that In such caso tho terms shall bo four years. Tho four years lapso In November, and If tho courts uphold tho conten tions of Attorney Shabad twenty-soven assorinto Judges nnil a chief justice will hnvo to bo elected at tho Novem ber election. Attornoy Shabad signed the opinion with Edward F. Diuino, directing that tho question bo cnrrlcd to tho courts at once. Democrats In congress woro given credit for the great victory over Can nonlsm by Chicago republicans of In surgent sympathies who discussed tho subject. E. F. Dunne declared tho splendid showing of tho democrats In tho houso would Insplro tho party throughout the nation to stand together oiul win In tho next election. "The victory nt Washington Is tho most important action in tho political history of America for tho Inst twenty years," said MrDunno. "I congratu late tho democrats of congress for pre senting n united front In favor of the rights of the pcoplo to mnko their own laws. Under Mr. Cannon's rule the peoplo havo had about as miicli to say about their laws as tho serfs In Rus sia. I congratulate the Insurgents on their patriotic and manly courso In helping tho fight. I predict tho ro sult will bo that democrats will ho united from this time on. Tho splen did tront presented nt wnslitngton will bo an Inspiration to all democrats throughout tho country to get together and forget their differences." State Senator W. Clyde Jones, a re publican ot Insurgent sympathies, said: "The insurgents have done a great servlco to tho republican party by fighting for this reform. Tho dem ocrats must be credited with noting in a splendid manner for patriotic rea sons. They sacrificed party advantage to-destroy n pernicious system for which the majority of the republicans stood. They hnvo lost party advan tngo, but must bo given credit for sacrificing themselves in the interest of patriotism." While varying In opinion as to tho best method to be followed In reliev ing tho present congested conditions ot tho Appellate Court docket, lending members of tho Chicago bar aro unani mous In declaring that prompt steps should be taken toward aiding tho judges of that tribunal In disposing of a largo number ot cases now pend ing nnd keeping abreast with tho work. A number of lawyers contend thnt another branch court should bo estab lished, whtlo others arguo that the present rule pertaining to appeals should, bo so changed that the Appel late judges would be relieved of the duty of passing upbn cases of some what minor Importance. There Is also a strong sentiment, It was learned, in favor of requiring tho judges of that court to writo opinions only In cases ot unusual Importance or where- tho judgment of tho lower court Is re versed and tho caso remanded. A long report on streets and alleys which aro occupied by privnto firms and corporations was made by Aid. Arthur D. McCold, chairman ot tho special public lands committee, was made to tho City Council last Monday night. It holds railroads tho worst offenders, crediting tho Chicago, Mil waukee & St. Paul railway with ?1 200,000 In city streets, tho Santa Fe with $100,000 nnd tho Pennsylvania with $2Sl,2-ll. . Sevcro criticism is made qf tho law department for Its fa 1 1 u ro to back up tho city In attempt ing to recovor this land. Recommendation that tho bureau of streets be taken out of tho Jurisdiction of tho Department of Public Works nnd mndo n separate department In charge ot tho icpalr nnd cleaning of Chicago's 0,027 miles of thoroughfares was mado to tho council. It en mo In tho form of a communication to Mayor Husse from tho Civic Federation of Chicago, and went Into dotnll In ar guments why tho chnngo should bo mado. At piosent tho oulco ot super intendent of streets Is n civil service position and now filled by a temporary sixty-day appointee, pending tho post ing of'nu cllglblo list for tho position. It tho bureau Is transformed Into an independent department, tho mayor will nnmo tho superintendent at streots, tho same ns nny other depart ment head. Tho subjoct will ho consid ered by the judiciary committee ot tho next council Although ably nnd honestly opposed by Aid. Edward F. Cullorton, tho coun cil Indorsed tho plan ot tho sanitary district to divert, tho (low of tho Calu met river in nn, effort to purify tho InUo. The communication from tho district said that this river should flow backward, ns does tho Chicago river. Amid considerable hilarity and with several dissenting votes, the hatpin ordinance introduced by Alderman Herman J. Hauler, which tho law de partment has characterized as Illegal, fa j itllii'K L-t2fr . a'.