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f&-'r' fpStSWsr rwijftnflr Tt ""Zft $ &? - &$??? WT'4-r''JM ' evA1 .. Imirt CtoM Matter eeteker II, UN. fct the PMt "INOEPENOENT IN ALL THt4S, NEUTRAL IN NONE. Entered m OfflM at I, all t CMeste. ItHmts, Nneer Aet ef Mere 3rd. lira HVvivPVvf BRVvT Ml J 3 TWBNTY-SECONl YBAK, NO. 51. CHICAGO, SATUltDAX. SEI'TEMIIEtt 2J1. 1911. WHOLE NUMBER 1,145. srvMMiateL w 1 .BnnBnnnnnnnnnnnBnnnnnnnnvBnPBnnslBeneB ssnnfepw iennnBp vJBBBBBBjanfc K i .1 V iK" NAMED FOR JUDGE t Bpth Parties Complete Their Tickets with the Names of Men Whom They Expect to Elect. But the Voters Have the Last Say and Will Decide the Matter Themselves in November. Some of the Candidates Are About as Could Be Found Anywhere for High Office. While Others Are Worthy Men Who Are Well Qualified for the Great Positions Which They Are Named for. Both Republican and Democratic parties held their judicial conventions on Tuesday. Candidates were named for tho six new Judgeships created by the last Legislature. There is not very much enthusiasm over either of the slates, although there are some good men on each of them. Tho Republicans put up tho follow Ing ticket, the numoers Indicating tho wards wuere the candidates rcstdo: 2 Hugo Pam. 13 Edward A. Dicker. 16 Joseph u. Sullivan. 21 Charles M. Fooll. 32 McKcnzie Cleland. Oak Park A. J. Redmond. Tho Democratic nominees, with tho wards tney hall from aro as follows: 7 Clarence N. Goodwin. 25 Dennis E. Sullivan, Mlchaol L. Mci.lnley. 2b Thomas J. Dawson, Daniel Q. Ramsay. Oak Park Ross C. Hall. The liar Association in all likeli hood will put up a judicial ticket ot Its own. if all lawyers aro given a chance to vote there- may be some thing doing. Investigation disclosed the fact that members of the Chicago liar association were not enthusiastic over tho nominations mado by tho Re publican and Democratic conventions' for the six additional Superior court judgeships created by special act ot the legislature, Privately many mem bers assorted they thought the law yers would have trouble in getting six men from among tho convention se lections of twelve that they could vote for in the primary. In nil tho Chicago Bar association primary will vote preference for ten aspirants for tho Superior bench nnd one vacancy on tho Circuit bench. Four of. tho Superior court candidates of each party were nominated by di rect primary of the voters in April, when the Circuit court vacancy nomi nation was nlso made. A meetliiK of tho board of mana gers of tho Chicago Bar association will be hold Sept. 27, when It Is ox pocted plana will bo laid for the prl- mary. How many people will turn out to voto at tho November election? Tho election cannot bo a tie and It cannot bo unanimous. But thoro Is a feeling about somo of the nominees that will force a number of peoplo to go to tho polls. ' Somo of the Judicial candidates would make good dog catchers pos sibly. But as lawyers they havo been failures and as Judges they would be out of place. A bigger fight is coming oft at tho next State primary of both big parties than many people expect. There is a good deal of laughter over some of the Judicial candidates. At tho second meeting of the city council after the summer vacation, which will be held a week from next Monday, a redisricting ordinance, changing the boundaries of the vari ous wards, will be presented to the council by Alderman A. J. Cermak, chairman of the. council committee on elections. "' Tho three subcommittees, represent ing the North, bouth and West sides, which have been at work during the summer, havo practically completed their work and are prepared to sub mit reports to tho committee. The North Side subcommittee, con sisting of Aldermen Bauler, Rein berg and Clottenberg, met Monday afternoon with a number of North Sldo aldermen. While no definite agreement was mado as to tho man ner In which the North Sldo wards are to bo redlstricted, all of the ald ermen present pledged themselves to support tho redisricting ordlnanco re ported to tho council. Somo of tho progressives aro In for a fine beating. How tho Democrats can oxpect to elect some of the chronic losers they havo nnmed for judge Is past finding out. Can It bo possible that the supply of real lawyers has given out? 8ome of tho fellows named for Judgo would Indlcato such a possibility. It Is reported that the Civil Ser vice Commission will recommend the dlsbandment of tho United Pollco or ganization, In a provlous term Mayor Harrison temporarily put a stop to the organi zation's activities by forcing It to dis band. It reorganized under George M. Shlppy, former chief of police, and gathered strength until former Mayor Biibso put a quietus on Its efforts when a $75,000 "slush" ' fund was raised from tho members less than a year ago to bring about tho defeat of aldermen who voted against giving tho policemen n ralso In pay. "I consider It out ot piaco for tho United Police," Mayor Harrison said, "to club togothor or to make any niovo to defond mon who aro charged with nut? nftixnan H.. UHOIWVI j "In tho first place It Is wrong for tho organization to mako any defenso of this kind, and especially so when somo of Its mombors aro to como un der charges growing out of tho civil sorvlco commission's Inquiry. "However, this Is a part of tho com mission's job and it Is not for mo to Biiggost what shall be done," Chief McWeeny admitted that an investigation of the organization was undor way. Tho Judicial e'ectlon this Fall will bo doclded as much by those who don't voto as by those who do. Why are the elevated platforms lit terod up with weighing machines and gum machines that are invariably out of order? Preliminary estimates on the bud get of 1912, gone over for the first time Monday, show large retrench ments must be made In all depart ments, Tho city will have approxi mately $20,306,203.47 to expend. On estimates based on expenditures this as Poor Material on Earth year the 1912 expenditures will Teach 122,873,080.18, leaving an estimated retrenchment total of 12,600,870.71. Comptroller Traeger will send letters to all departments urging every pos sible economy, and If tho estimates of department heads do not come within tho limit Mr. Trneger will sug gest In the Finance Committee where the necessary cutting down Bhould be done. It is said that District Attornoy Wllkerson will reorganize his torco before Oct, 10, but the general com plexion of the offlco will not bo af fected. The new district attorney has been BBBBBBBBBBBBBBr '.BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBH BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbHT" JIPBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBH aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaV v '' i nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn BBBBBBBBBBBBBBH V)BBBBBBBBBBH 1 , W- - LnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnH &iV"k; siklnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnl BBBBBBBBBBBBBH;- t-M 'WllfnflBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBM snnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnKv LnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnH H,hM," vT-VaSBBBBBBBBBBBS LnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnvtV..sVV BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB' l isnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnK ' I -, ' annnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnl BtJv"''"''''!"'' nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnl snnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnr sntf-iLx BJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJH spending the last month getting ac quainted with Ills Important post. Ho has boon deluged with Applications and much political pressure has been brought to bear uton him. Ho In now thoroughly awaro of existing weak spots and will journey to Washington in a few days for a conference with tho Attorney General relative to tho making of appointments. The leaving of several prominent nationalities off of. the Judicial slate did not look like good politics. Well, a Judicial election Is an Im portant one anyway. Judge Peter S. Grosscup has de cided to resign from the United States Circuit bench. Among some of the published reasons for this ac tion are tho following: A new political era Is at hand. Doth the insurgents nnd standpat ters aro wrong on tho "trust" prob lem. Dig corporations aro essential. Their working room should not bo curtailed, but their profits should be limited. Neither party Is out of the rut. A new alignment Is needed. Tho next presidential election will bo the last on the old line. Tho world politic, to catch up with the world's radically changed econ omic conditions,' must square the laws to the fact. Tho court of public opinion Is to bo tho great law court of tho future. I am resigning to become n "Judge" In fiat court. I'm through with ontcc-holdlng. And now for the election. All you'vo got to do Is to pick out a good man for Judge and vote for him. You can vote for ten Superior Court Judges and one Circuit Court Judge. A campaign for tho ellmlaatlon of all obstructions, such as nail boxi and electric light poles, on the down town streets and the erection of street signs has been launched by the Chi cago Association of Commerce under JOHN P. HOPKINS. Popular Political Leader and Former Mayor, the direction of Us committee on model downtown streets. Another Important step in the work of the committee Is the decision to undertake active supervision of paving construction In the downtown streets. Cheaper telephones must come. 'PHONE SLAVER Y The People of Chicago Pray for De liverance from the Grasp of the Awful Bell Monopoly. Chicagoans Forced to Pile Up the Profits of Three Different Corporations and Thus Boost Stock Dividends. The Bell Monopoly Owns the Local Telephone Company and the Western Electrical Company and Makes One. of Them Patronize the Other. As the Bell Company Wants a Big Profit Itself It Is Easy to See Why Telephone Kates Are to Be Raised. The sbeet anchor of the Telephone Monopoly in Chicago is said to be the Department of Electricity of the City of Chicago. This Is believed by some to be the rottenest department in the city government and to exist mainly for the benefit ot electrical monopo lies and dealers In electrical machin ery and appliances. A glance at the last annual report of this department calls attention to tho enormous amount of the taxpayers money ex pended annually upon street aro lamps. Who gets the profits? The city pays $61.95 per year for each one of Its electrio aro lamps, while gas lamps with Welsbach man tles on them only cost $18.91 per year. Who gets the benefit ot this enor mous extravagance for electric lamps which aro in bad order part of the time? Tho annual report of the Chicago Department of Electricity shows that the total number of public street lamps in service on December 31st, 1910, was 37,904. Of these, 12,366 wero municipal electric-arc lamps, 893 rented arc lamps, 11,990 gas-man-tlo lamps, G,426 gas flat-flamo lamps and 7,319 gasoline lamps. Tho cost of rented aro lamps is $75' a year, municipal arc lamps $61.95 a year, mantlo gas lamps $18.91, open-flamo, gas lamps $15.41, nnd gasollno lamps $26.40. From a learned "Expert's" reports to the City Council we learn that: Telephone rates should be raised becauao the Bell Telephone Company owns the local telephone company. Becauso tho Wostorn Electrical Company Is also owned by tho Boll Tolephono Company. Because the local telephone com pany is obliged to buy ail ot its equip ment and necessaries from the West ern Electrical Company. Because neither the Western Elec trical Company or the local telephone company would have big enough prof its to suit the Bell Telephone, which owns them, it Chicago people were not pressed for a little more coin and their telephone rates raised. Because the local telephone com pany has Increased Its capital stock from the original $500,000 to $27,000, 000 and $5,000,000 more In bonds. Becauso tho stockholders would not get big enough dividends on this im racnso stock lseuo it tho peoplo of Chi cago wero not squeezed. Thoreforo tho telephone company has tho nervo to ask tho City Council to nilso tho ratos on tho peoplo of Chicago. Tho people ot Chicago aro to bo used as serfs by tho tolephono monoply and tho last drop Is to bo squeezed out of them. In tho mcantlmo it would bo woll for tho aldermen to lnqulro Into tho al leged relations, In tho past, of certain city officials with tho above electrical company, tho twin of tho local tele phono company, both being owned by tho Bell monopoly. The telopbono gang want tho coun cil to ralso tho rates on all phones. To abolish all flat phones and make everybody takes measured service To put a nickel In overy phono be fore connection Is mado. Firo Marshal Seyforllch assorted that as practically one-halt ot the firo and pollco alarms are received by tele phone, ho did not favor tho general Installation of tho "pay-ln-advanco" typo of telephone Instrument now be ing placed In various parts ot the city by tho telephono company. From the learned telephone expert whose report was submitted to the City Council In May, 1911, we learn on pages 49 and 60, that the Bell Tele phone monopoly that reaches all over the country, owns a controlling inter est in the local telephone company and the Western Electrical Company. "The latter Is purely a manufacturing com pany," says the report, "engaged In the manufacture of Bell telephone ap paratus and supplies." In 1904 a con tract was entered into between the local telephone company and the elec trical company, both ot them owned by the Bell monopoly, whereby the local company agreed to purchase all of Its supplies from the electrio com pany. Under the terms ot this con tract the electrical company screes to deliver to the telephone company r.U telephone appliances manufactured un der tho license of the Bell Telephone Company. The local telephone com pany, on the other hand, agrees to pur chase all Its supplies from the elec trical company. ' Hero we have a fine sample ot how tho parent monopoly makes the sub sidiary monopolies pile up profits tor each other and the publlo pays the freight. v On page 52 of the report ot this "Expert" to the City Council we tin tho statement made that the Bell mon opoly charges a rental ot 62 cents per station for each set of Instruments used. This would amount to llltJM yearly, but the expert discovered that the local company really paid the parent company $355,711 last year. About this enormous overcharge the "expert" naively says on page 62 of the report now In the hands ot the Council committee: "in Justification ot tho payment of the difference be tween these amounts, or $222,411, the Chicago company receives certain services from the parent company which It is claimed are worth the amount paid. Thcso services consist of technical advlco and counsel and the use ot ap paratus patented by the parent com pany. What do you think of that? And then the aldermen are asked to ralso tho rates on tho people to help the local company out Any alderman who votos to raise rates should bo outlawed. Rates aro twice as much as they ought to be at the prosent time. They should be reduced. Tho tolephono monopoly obllgoa tho usors of nlckol phonos to gunrantoo ft cents per day. It tho monthly deposit of nickels falls short ot tho guarantco tho company makes tho phono renter pay tho dlfforcnco. It thero ultould happen to bo an excess of nickels tho company gobbles them all. Tho phono rentor gots no credit for that excess. That's tho logic ot the monopoly. All telephono rates aro now subject to revision every Ave years. Tho telephono company wants the city to ralso rates and abolish the pro vision in tho ordlnanco calling for re vision every Ave years. They want to keep tho peoplo where thoy have thorn so that tboy can't get away. Tho "expert" on pages 105 and 101 ot his report apparently feels much sympathy for the company on this sub Jest. Will tho aldermen show any sym pathy for the tesntal lASSM Tho telephone company wants the publlo to pay high rates because of the improvements it has put in the sorvlce, if this kind ot reasoning holds good, then Marshall Field ft Co, and The Fair should charge higher prices for the goods because of the flae buildings and other laprtreaneaU sife-frM- srtV VWf ku, i.vt V lcrt.kV .lrti-.