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- i -"i -v t -i frfm -w "W'iW" .- w,If tas Matter eateeer II. IMt. at Mm tot INDINOINT IN ALL THINM, NaUTRAL IN NONC.' . files at tMtai.miMM.iMHltr Aet ef Mm 3rd. IS7 OfflM am gc mbpmi 9Mt " TWENTY-THIM) YBAK,NO. 3. CHICAGO, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1911. WHOLE NU1CBEB 1,140. Sqi$ra&"Mk.fTf v i? yp-T --. -bo jW' "--- ,, DIX IS THE MAN The Popular Governor of New York Will Be the. Next Democratic Can didate for the Presidency. Regarded as Safe and Sound by Interests He Is Sure of Votes to Win. His Masterly Address Before the Bankers Club of Chicago Caused Much Enthusiasm for Him Even Among Life Long Republicans. He Believes in Industrial as Well as in Universal Peace and Can Unite All Elements in His Own Party. Governor John A. Dlx of Now York will be tho next Democratic candi date for President of the United States. Ho will curry Now York. He wfll carry Now Jersey. Ho will carry Connecticut. Ho will carry Indiana. Ho will carry Illinois. Ho will be elected. Ho is the only logical candidate of tho Democratic party because ho Is safo, sano and patriotic and cannot bo beaten. Govornor Dlx mado a groat spooch beforo the Bunkers Club of Chicago last Saturdny night In tho course of which he sold: "It Is a prlvllcgo as well as n pleas ure to visit your city of magnificent proportions, with Ub noblo churches, its schools or an ana scieuvo uuu lit erature, and its institutions of tech nical training to equip young men and young women with practical knowledge to meot tho responsibili ties of life. "Chicago is a miracle of American energy and enterprise, toomlng with the modern spirit of Interest In nil that olevntes u nation and enriches the Uves of men. The temples of Justice nnd the grout humanitarian institutions which ennoble your city are an expression of civic pride nnd philanthropic purpose that honor your citizenship. ..... L "I come with n sincere uenei mm this nation of ours can maintain Its commanding position as a pioneer In the enduring progress and .civiliza tion of mankind, only In the measure that there Is participation In publlo nffalrs, In civic control and in muni cipal, state and national government, by patriotic and unselfish men of business In every state In tho Union. "It Is not a true conservation of enorgy for men of power and influ ence In American life to exaggerate existing ovlls and, by vituperation and appeals to prejudice and passion, seek to array brother against brothor and class against class, "The tlmo has como lor wuru ui peace and Justice. Economic and po litical evils have existed and do oxlst; they exist In every country In tho world. Reform Is needed In many di rections. Yet It remains absolutely true that this nntlon of ours Is sound In every fiber, is still the land of op portunity and that in business and finance Its lenders nnd prominent fig ures are unsurpassed in mo wonu.iur high alms, personal honesty, clean conduct nnd fidelity to Ideals. "While we may feel that we have of late adopted some queer woys of supporting this Ideal, yet our coun try still holdB for the poor man a horizon not bounded by a vista of In evitable dependence on charity. Here any man can Bpeak to any other man without a lurking feeling of conde ...niiniK And a civil word from a poor man is not always a covert hint for a gratuity. "The prosperity of the state de pends upon the rational conservation of the energies of its citizens as much as on tne conservation of its natural resources, "The relations of 'capital to labor It Is a well-worn phrase; yet cap ital and labor are, It not synonymous, at least Interblondlng terms; for' tho cnpltnllst Is a toller, oven If only with his brain; and the laboror Is a capi talist, oven if his solo capital bo that of brawn. Employer nnd employed are coming to a better understanding. Industrial peace, through arbitration, Is coming to be tho rule, whore n few years ngo It was tho exception. "Wo have no right to think that all Is for tho best In tho country in which wo live. Agitation Is tho pnr ent of progress, tho agitation founded on high moral purpose that in thoso days regards political corruption, business dishonesty, economic lnJitB ttco nnd oppression as evil forces born of Iho snmo spirit of greed and selfishness nnd declares thorn crimes nguinst tho people and treason to tho state. "Rational agitation demands that wo cannot rest placidly In tho pollti ni trinnst of nnst centuries nnd tho Individualistic methods that governed In tho economic world up to the last decades of the nlnoteouth century. Combination and co-operation are the great facts and forces of the ngo In which wo live. Wo are confronted with tho problem of how to make these great forces serve tho people and advunce tho sum total of human happiness. "Wo aro suffering from a plethora of laws and regulations aimed at the conduct of business. What with new interpretations of existing laws, ad ditions without numbor to tho stututo books and attempts to regulate and sunerviso every effort of human en deavor, business enterprise Is dis couraged and chocked, the field of employment dlmulshed, tho rewards of. labor decreased and tho financial and industrial future rendered un stublo and Insecure. Is It not tlmo to stop and consider? "Glguntlc business enterprises that enn bo established only by combina tion and co-operation are as necossnry In.theso modern times ub long dis tance telephones, four-day steamships between New York and Europe and olghtoon-hour trains between Chicago nnd Now York. "Tho annihilation of so-callod big business In this country Is Impossible ana if It were possible wouiu lorce a backward step Into the dark days of demoralized conditions, with low wages and uncertain employment for labor, and destructive losses for em ployers und Investors, "The world needs Industrial poaco, peace founded on Justice, right, and human brotherhood. The world needs economic peace. Tho world needs a cessation of demagogic attacks and appeals to class prejudice. Tho In dustrial strike was once tho accepted means of Bottling disputes between labor and cupltul, but touuy it is su perceded by the urbltrai tribunal. "Why stop bore? Why should not disputes between the nations be set tled In like manner? Why should not war, with Its train of horrors, with 1U pecuniary and Industrial losses, far outliving Its duration, fol low the code duello and the Indus trial strike to the Umbo oi tilings mat WfifO? "Here, too, labor will strike hands with capital; for no element of our community Is today more alive to the criminal waste of war, to Its vast toll In men. in money, in Industrial stagnation, than is the Intelligent working class from whose ranks the I the Business Enough food for cannon Is most largely re cruited. "I exhort you bankers to exert your nownrfut Influence for nencn: for pcaco industrial; for peaco economic; ror peace international. "In conclusion, permit' mo to ex press my unbounded belief that tho patriotism, tho Intelligence, tho oner- gy and the wonderfully practical ca pacity of the American people will be equal to every emergency and tq every trial. ' "As a nation our material develop ment has beeu tho wonder of the world. Yet our Interest and pride are not centered alone on vastness of territory or greatness of population, BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBHBBHT,',VQHf'j B-B-B-B-BgBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBJ H:PmJMb1iH BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBlv'y IBBJJBBsiHI BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB j BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBJ IBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBJJI IBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBS ijjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjiiii i i1 ijjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjiiiiiiiiiiiiiii or colossal 'achievements In Inven tion, trado and commerce. Wo are concerned, too, with the higher alms of modern clllvlzatlon. And Ameri ca is destined to lead mankind In the ways of social and economic Justice, and the arts of humane living." Besides Governor DIx, George Ade spoke, making a humorous address on "Bankers 1 Have Met." Preceding, the addresses the club elected officers. F. O. Wctmore of the First National Bank, was elected president, to succeed L. A. Qoddard, who was toastmaster. The other of ficers elected were W. D. C. Street of the Clearing House Association, as secretary and treasurer, and Nelson A. Lampcrt of the Fort Dearborn Na tional, nnd Frank A. Hanky of tho Northern Trust Company, ns directors. Old Man Sunny of tho Sunny Brook Telephone crowd, was quite well known In Chicago forty years ago as manager of tho old Pacific & Atlan tic Telegraph Company. Ho Is per fectly harmless and has somo wonder ful young assistants to pilot him. A person named Charles E. Zollars, of whom wo havo heard before, Is causing much comment nnd some amusement by posing ns a candidate for Judgo. of tho Superior Court on tho "Independent ticket." Men like Zollars aro wise to conflno their as pirations to easily beaten "Indepen dent" lines. ' Tho Sunny Brook Telophono mo nopoly looks ns If It was all In a slot. Tho telephone company is still grabbing tho nickels nnd everything else in sight. Tho Sunny Brook Telephone Al dermen are being carefully tabbed by their constituents. Ballots for tho bar primary or Ju dicial candidates have been mailed to members of tho Chicago Bar associa tion. They will bo undo returnablo on next Wednesday, so that tho an nouncement of tho lawyers' prefer- JOHN P. HOPKINS, Popular Former Mayor of Chicago, once can be made on Thursday, Oct. 26, The names of the candidates aro to bo printed on the ballots In alpha betical order. Edward F. Dunne will have little trouble In landing the Democratic nomination for governor next year. 'PHONE SLAVER V The People of Chicago Pray for De liverance from the Grasp of the Awful Bell Monopoly. Chicagoans' Forced to Pile Up the Profits . of Three Different Corporations and Thus Boost Stock Dividends. The Bell Monopoly Owns the Local Telephone Company and the Western Electrical Company and Makes One of Them Patronize the Other. As tho Bell Company Wants a Big Profit Itself It Is Easy to See Why Telephone Bates Are to Be Kaiscd. The sheet anchor of the Telephone Monopoly in Chicago is said to be the Department of Electricity of the City of Chicago. This la believed by some to bo the rottenest department In the city government and to exist mainly for the benefit of electrical monopo lies nnd dealers in electrical machin ery and appliances. A glance at the last annual report of this department calls attention to the enormous amount of the taxpayers money ex pended annually upon street aro lamps. Who gets the profits? The city pays $61,95 per year for each ono of its electric arc lamps, while gas lamps with Welsbach man- ties on them only cost (18.91 per year. Who gets the benefit of this enor mous extravagance for electric lamps which are in bad order part of the tlmo? The annual report of the Chicago Department of' Electricity shows that tho total number of public street lamps in service on December 31st, 1910, was 37,984. Of these, 12,366 woro municipal electric-arc lamps, 893 rented aro lamps, 11,990 gas-mantle lamps, 0,420 gas flat-flamo lamps and 7,319 gasolino lamps. Tho cost of rented aro lamps Is $75' a year, municipal arc lamps $61.95 a year, mantlo gas lamps $18.91, open-flame gas lamps $15.41, and gasolino lumps $26.40. From a learned "Expert's" report to the City Council we learn that: Telephone rates should be raised because the Bell Telephone Company owns the local telephone company. Because tho Western Electrical Company Is also owned by the Bell Telephono Company. Because the local telephone com pany la obliged to buy all of Its equip ment and necessaries from the West ern Electrical Company. Because neither the Western Elec trical Company or the local telephone company would have big enough prof- Its to suit the Bell Telephone, which owns them, It Chicago people were not pressed for a little more coin and their telephone rates raised, Because the local telephone com pany has Increased Its capital stock from the original $500,000 to $27,000, 000 and $5,000,000 more In bonds. Because tho stockholders would not get big enough dividends on this Im mense stock Issue If tho pcoplo of Chi cago were not squeezed, Thoroforo tho telephono company has the norvo to nsk tho City Council to ral8o tho rates on tho jwoplo of Chicago. Tho people of Chicago aro to bo used as sorfs by tho telophono monoply and tho last drop Is to bo squeezed out of them. In tho meantime It would bo well for tho aldermen to inquire Into the al leged relations, In tho past, of certain city officials with tho above electrical company, tho twin of tho local tele phono company, both being owned by tho Bell monopoly. The telephono gang wont the coun cil to ralso tho rates on all phones. To abolish all flat phones and mnko evorybody takes measured service, To put a nickel In overy phono be foro connection Is mado. Flro Marshal Seyforllch asserted that as practically one-half of the fire and police alarms are received by tele phono, he did not favor the general Installation of the "pay-in-advance" type of telephone Instrument now be ing placed In various parts of the city by the telephone company. From the learned telephone expert whose report was submitted to the City Council In. May. 1911, we learn on pages 49 and 60, that the Bell Tele phone monopoly thut reaches all over the country, owns a controlling Inter eat In the local telephone company and the Western Electrical Company. "The latter Is purely a manufacturing com- I pany," says the report, "engaged In the manufacture of Bell telephone ap paratus and supplies." In 1904 a cos tract was entered Into between tae local telephone company and the elee trlcal company, both ot them owaef by tho Bell monopoly, whereby the local company agreed to purchase all of Its supplies from tho electric com pany. Under the terms of this con tract the electrical company agrees to deliver to tho telephone company r.ll telephone appliances manufactured un der the license ot the Bell Telephone ' Company. Tho local telephone com pany, on the other hand, agrees to pur cbaso all Its supplies from the elec trical company. Hero wo have a fine sample ot how the parent monopoly makes the sub sidiary monopolies pile up profits tor each other and the publlo pays the freight. On pago 62 of tho report of tbla "Expert" to the City Council we flaa the statement made that the Bell mon opoly charges a rental of 62 cents per station for each set of Instrument used. This would amount to SUM yearly, but tho expert discovered that the local company really paid the parent company $355,711 last year. About this enormous overcharge tae "expert" naively says on page 62 of the report now in tho bands of the Council committee: "In Justification of tho payment of tho difference be twecn these amounts, or $222,411, the Chicago company receives certala sorvlccs from tho parent company which It is claimed aro worth the amount paid. Thoso services consist ot technical advice and counsel and the use ot ap paratus patontcd by tho parent com pany. What do you think of that? And then tho aldermen are asked to ralso tho rates on tho people to help the local company out Any alderman who votos'to raise ratos should bo outlawed. Rates are twice ns much as they ought to be at the present time. They should bo reduced. Tho telophono monopoly obliges the users ot nickel phones to guarantee 6 cents por day. It tho monthly deposit ot nickels falls short of the guarantee tho company makes tho phono renter pay tho difference. If there nhould happen to bo an excess of nickels the company gobbles them all. Tho phone renter gets no credit for that oxcess. That's tho logic of tho monopoly. All telephone rates aro now subject to revision every fire year. Tho telephono company wants the city to ralso rates and abolish tho pro vision In tho ordlnnnco calling for re vision every flvo years. They want to keop the pooplo where thoy have them so that they can't get away. Tho "expert" on pages 106 and 104) ot his report apparently feels roue sympathy for the company on tbla . Jest Will the aldermen show any sym pathy tor the pees? The telephone company wants the publlo to pay high rates because e the Improvements It has put In the service. If thla kind ot reasoning bold good, then Marshall Field ft Co, and sal ktftffr&Hrt'r!8himft!f.4iiMfr JkiVt-i-tcO vi .. kW4 -, i - JUt-UiK W. J .