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" TWENTY-THIM) YBAK,NO. 3.
CHICAGO, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1911.
WHOLE NU1CBEB 1,140.
Sqi$ra&"Mk.fTf v i? yp-T --. -bo jW' "--- ,,
DIX IS THE MAN
The Popular Governor of New York
Will Be the. Next Democratic Can
didate for the Presidency.
Regarded as Safe and Sound by
Interests He Is Sure of
Votes to Win.
His Masterly Address Before the Bankers Club of Chicago
Caused Much Enthusiasm for Him Even Among
Life Long Republicans.
He Believes in Industrial as Well as in Universal Peace and Can Unite
All Elements in His Own Party.
Governor John A. Dlx of Now York
will be tho next Democratic candi
date for President of the United
Ho will curry Now York.
He wfll carry Now Jersey.
Ho will carry Connecticut.
Ho will carry Indiana.
Ho will carry Illinois.
Ho will be elected.
Ho is the only logical candidate of
tho Democratic party because ho Is
safo, sano and patriotic and cannot
Govornor Dlx mado a groat spooch
beforo the Bunkers Club of Chicago
last Saturdny night In tho course of
which he sold:
"It Is a prlvllcgo as well as n pleas
ure to visit your city of magnificent
proportions, with Ub noblo churches,
its schools or an ana scieuvo uuu lit
erature, and its institutions of tech
nical training to equip young men
and young women with practical
knowledge to meot tho responsibili
ties of life.
"Chicago is a miracle of American
energy and enterprise, toomlng with
the modern spirit of Interest In nil
that olevntes u nation and enriches
the Uves of men. The temples of
Justice nnd the grout humanitarian
institutions which ennoble your city
are an expression of civic pride nnd
philanthropic purpose that honor your
citizenship. ..... L
"I come with n sincere uenei mm
this nation of ours can maintain Its
commanding position as a pioneer In
the enduring progress and .civiliza
tion of mankind, only In the measure
that there Is participation In publlo
nffalrs, In civic control and in muni
cipal, state and national government,
by patriotic and unselfish men of
business In every state In tho Union.
"It Is not a true conservation of
enorgy for men of power and influ
ence In American life to exaggerate
existing ovlls and, by vituperation
and appeals to prejudice and passion,
seek to array brother against brothor
and class against class,
"The tlmo has como lor wuru ui
peace and Justice. Economic and po
litical evils have existed and do oxlst;
they exist In every country In tho
world. Reform Is needed In many di
rections. Yet It remains absolutely
true that this nntlon of ours Is sound
In every fiber, is still the land of op
portunity and that in business and
finance Its lenders nnd prominent fig
ures are unsurpassed in mo wonu.iur
high alms, personal honesty, clean
conduct nnd fidelity to Ideals.
"While we may feel that we have
of late adopted some queer woys of
supporting this Ideal, yet our coun
try still holdB for the poor man a
horizon not bounded by a vista of In
evitable dependence on charity. Here
any man can Bpeak to any other man
without a lurking feeling of conde
...niiniK And a civil word from a
poor man is not always a covert hint
for a gratuity.
"The prosperity of the state de
pends upon the rational conservation
of the energies of its citizens as
much as on tne conservation of its
"The relations of 'capital to labor
It Is a well-worn phrase; yet cap
ital and labor are, It not synonymous,
at least Interblondlng terms; for' tho
cnpltnllst Is a toller, oven If only with
his brain; and the laboror Is a capi
talist, oven if his solo capital bo that
of brawn. Employer nnd employed
are coming to a better understanding.
Industrial peace, through arbitration,
Is coming to be tho rule, whore n
few years ngo It was tho exception.
"Wo have no right to think that
all Is for tho best In tho country in
which wo live. Agitation Is tho pnr
ent of progress, tho agitation founded
on high moral purpose that in thoso
days regards political corruption,
business dishonesty, economic lnJitB
ttco nnd oppression as evil forces
born of Iho snmo spirit of greed and
selfishness nnd declares thorn crimes
nguinst tho people and treason to tho
"Rational agitation demands that
wo cannot rest placidly In tho pollti
ni trinnst of nnst centuries nnd tho
Individualistic methods that governed
In tho economic world up to the last
decades of the nlnoteouth century.
Combination and co-operation are the
great facts and forces of the ngo In
which wo live. Wo are confronted
with tho problem of how to make
these great forces serve tho people
and advunce tho sum total of human
"Wo aro suffering from a plethora
of laws and regulations aimed at the
conduct of business. What with new
interpretations of existing laws, ad
ditions without numbor to tho stututo
books and attempts to regulate and
sunerviso every effort of human en
deavor, business enterprise Is dis
couraged and chocked, the field of
employment dlmulshed, tho rewards
of. labor decreased and tho financial
and industrial future rendered un
stublo and Insecure. Is It not tlmo
to stop and consider?
"Glguntlc business enterprises that
enn bo established only by combina
tion and co-operation are as necossnry
In.theso modern times ub long dis
tance telephones, four-day steamships
between New York and Europe and
olghtoon-hour trains between Chicago
nnd Now York.
"Tho annihilation of so-callod big
business In this country Is Impossible
ana if It were possible wouiu lorce
a backward step Into the dark days
of demoralized conditions, with low
wages and uncertain employment for
labor, and destructive losses for em
ployers und Investors,
"The world needs Industrial poaco,
peace founded on Justice, right, and
human brotherhood. The world needs
economic peace. Tho world needs a
cessation of demagogic attacks and
appeals to class prejudice. Tho In
dustrial strike was once tho accepted
means of Bottling disputes between
labor and cupltul, but touuy it is su
perceded by the urbltrai tribunal.
"Why stop bore? Why should not
disputes between the nations be set
tled In like manner? Why should
not war, with Its train of horrors,
with 1U pecuniary and Industrial
losses, far outliving Its duration, fol
low the code duello and the Indus
trial strike to the Umbo oi tilings mat
"Here, too, labor will strike hands
with capital; for no element of our
community Is today more alive to the
criminal waste of war, to Its vast
toll In men. in money, in Industrial
stagnation, than is the Intelligent
working class from whose ranks the I
food for cannon Is most largely re
"I exhort you bankers to exert your
nownrfut Influence for nencn: for
pcaco industrial; for peaco economic;
ror peace international.
"In conclusion, permit' mo to ex
press my unbounded belief that tho
patriotism, tho Intelligence, tho oner-
gy and the wonderfully practical ca
pacity of the American people will
be equal to every emergency and tq
every trial. '
"As a nation our material develop
ment has beeu tho wonder of the
world. Yet our Interest and pride
are not centered alone on vastness of
territory or greatness of population,
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or colossal 'achievements In Inven
tion, trado and commerce. Wo are
concerned, too, with the higher alms
of modern clllvlzatlon. And Ameri
ca is destined to lead mankind In the
ways of social and economic Justice,
and the arts of humane living."
Besides Governor DIx, George Ade
spoke, making a humorous address
on "Bankers 1 Have Met."
Preceding, the addresses the club
elected officers. F. O. Wctmore of
the First National Bank, was elected
president, to succeed L. A. Qoddard,
who was toastmaster. The other of
ficers elected were W. D. C. Street of
the Clearing House Association, as
secretary and treasurer, and Nelson
A. Lampcrt of the Fort Dearborn Na
tional, nnd Frank A. Hanky of tho
Northern Trust Company, ns directors.
Old Man Sunny of tho Sunny Brook
Telephone crowd, was quite well
known In Chicago forty years ago as
manager of tho old Pacific & Atlan
tic Telegraph Company. Ho Is per
fectly harmless and has somo wonder
ful young assistants to pilot him.
A person named Charles E. Zollars,
of whom wo havo heard before, Is
causing much comment nnd some
amusement by posing ns a candidate
for Judgo. of tho Superior Court on
tho "Independent ticket." Men like
Zollars aro wise to conflno their as
pirations to easily beaten "Indepen
' Tho Sunny Brook Telophono mo
nopoly looks ns If It was all In a
Tho telephone company is still
grabbing tho nickels nnd everything
else in sight.
Tho Sunny Brook Telephone Al
dermen are being carefully tabbed by
Ballots for tho bar primary or Ju
dicial candidates have been mailed to
members of tho Chicago Bar associa
tion. They will bo undo returnablo
on next Wednesday, so that tho an
nouncement of tho lawyers' prefer-
JOHN P. HOPKINS,
Popular Former Mayor of Chicago,
once can be made on Thursday, Oct.
26, The names of the candidates aro
to bo printed on the ballots In alpha
Edward F. Dunne will have little
trouble In landing the Democratic
nomination for governor next year.
'PHONE SLAVER V
The People of Chicago Pray for De
liverance from the Grasp of the
Awful Bell Monopoly.
Chicagoans' Forced to Pile Up the Profits . of
Three Different Corporations and Thus
Boost Stock Dividends.
The Bell Monopoly Owns the Local Telephone Company and
the Western Electrical Company and Makes One
of Them Patronize the Other.
As tho Bell Company Wants a Big Profit Itself It Is Easy to See Why
Telephone Bates Are to Be Kaiscd.
The sheet anchor of the Telephone
Monopoly in Chicago is said to be the
Department of Electricity of the City
of Chicago. This la believed by some
to bo the rottenest department In the
city government and to exist mainly
for the benefit of electrical monopo
lies nnd dealers in electrical machin
ery and appliances. A glance at the
last annual report of this department
calls attention to the enormous
amount of the taxpayers money ex
pended annually upon street aro
Who gets the profits?
The city pays $61,95 per year for
each ono of its electric arc lamps,
while gas lamps with Welsbach man-
ties on them only cost (18.91 per year.
Who gets the benefit of this enor
mous extravagance for electric lamps
which are in bad order part of the
The annual report of the Chicago
Department of' Electricity shows that
tho total number of public street
lamps in service on December 31st,
1910, was 37,984. Of these, 12,366
woro municipal electric-arc lamps,
893 rented aro lamps, 11,990 gas-mantle
lamps, 0,420 gas flat-flamo lamps
and 7,319 gasolino lamps. Tho cost
of rented aro lamps Is $75' a year,
municipal arc lamps $61.95 a year,
mantlo gas lamps $18.91, open-flame
gas lamps $15.41, and gasolino lumps
From a learned "Expert's" report
to the City Council we learn that:
Telephone rates should be raised
because the Bell Telephone Company
owns the local telephone company.
Because tho Western Electrical
Company Is also owned by the Bell
Because the local telephone com
pany la obliged to buy all of Its equip
ment and necessaries from the West
ern Electrical Company.
Because neither the Western Elec
trical Company or the local telephone
company would have big enough prof-
Its to suit the Bell Telephone, which
owns them, It Chicago people were
not pressed for a little more coin and
their telephone rates raised,
Because the local telephone com
pany has Increased Its capital stock
from the original $500,000 to $27,000,
000 and $5,000,000 more In bonds.
Because tho stockholders would not
get big enough dividends on this Im
mense stock Issue If tho pcoplo of Chi
cago were not squeezed,
Thoroforo tho telephono company
has the norvo to nsk tho City Council
to ral8o tho rates on tho jwoplo of
Tho people of Chicago aro to bo used
as sorfs by tho telophono monoply and
tho last drop Is to bo squeezed out of
In tho meantime It would bo well for
tho aldermen to inquire Into the al
leged relations, In tho past, of certain
city officials with tho above electrical
company, tho twin of tho local tele
phono company, both being owned by
tho Bell monopoly.
The telephono gang wont the coun
cil to ralso tho rates on all phones.
To abolish all flat phones and mnko
evorybody takes measured service,
To put a nickel In overy phono be
foro connection Is mado.
Flro Marshal Seyforllch asserted
that as practically one-half of the fire
and police alarms are received by tele
phono, he did not favor the general
Installation of the "pay-in-advance"
type of telephone Instrument now be
ing placed In various parts of the city
by the telephone company.
From the learned telephone expert
whose report was submitted to the
City Council In. May. 1911, we learn on
pages 49 and 60, that the Bell Tele
phone monopoly thut reaches all over
the country, owns a controlling Inter
eat In the local telephone company and
the Western Electrical Company. "The
latter Is purely a manufacturing com-
I pany," says the report, "engaged In
the manufacture of Bell telephone ap
paratus and supplies." In 1904 a cos
tract was entered Into between tae
local telephone company and the elee
trlcal company, both ot them owaef
by tho Bell monopoly, whereby the
local company agreed to purchase all
of Its supplies from tho electric com
pany. Under the terms of this con
tract the electrical company agrees to
deliver to tho telephone company r.ll
telephone appliances manufactured un
der the license ot the Bell Telephone '
Company. Tho local telephone com
pany, on the other hand, agrees to pur
cbaso all Its supplies from the elec
Hero wo have a fine sample ot how
the parent monopoly makes the sub
sidiary monopolies pile up profits tor
each other and the publlo pays the
On pago 62 of tho report of tbla
"Expert" to the City Council we flaa
the statement made that the Bell mon
opoly charges a rental of 62 cents per
station for each set of Instrument
This would amount to SUM
yearly, but tho expert discovered that
the local company really paid the
parent company $355,711 last year.
About this enormous overcharge tae
"expert" naively says on page 62 of
the report now in tho bands of the
Council committee: "In Justification
of tho payment of tho difference be
twecn these amounts, or $222,411, the
Chicago company receives certala
sorvlccs from tho parent company
which It is claimed aro worth the
Thoso services consist ot technical
advice and counsel and the use ot ap
paratus patontcd by tho parent com
pany. What do you think of that?
And then tho aldermen are asked
to ralso tho rates on tho people to
help the local company out
Any alderman who votos'to raise
ratos should bo outlawed.
Rates are twice ns much as they
ought to be at the present time. They
should bo reduced.
Tho telophono monopoly obliges the
users ot nickel phones to guarantee 6
cents por day. It tho monthly deposit
ot nickels falls short of the guarantee
tho company makes tho phono renter
pay tho difference. If there nhould
happen to bo an excess of nickels the
company gobbles them all. Tho phone
renter gets no credit for that oxcess.
That's tho logic of tho monopoly.
All telephone rates aro now subject
to revision every fire year.
Tho telephono company wants the
city to ralso rates and abolish tho pro
vision In tho ordlnnnco calling for re
vision every flvo years.
They want to keop the pooplo where
thoy have them so that they can't get
Tho "expert" on pages 106 and 104)
ot his report apparently feels roue
sympathy for the company on tbla .
Will the aldermen show any sym
pathy tor the pees?
The telephone company wants the
publlo to pay high rates because e
the Improvements It has put In the
service. If thla kind ot reasoning bold
good, then Marshall Field ft Co, and
ktftffr&Hrt'r!8himft!f.4iiMfr JkiVt-i-tcO vi ..
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