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VII WiV hk rrv - . i . i ' 'i I, I stereo' as tees M Class Matter Oatefter II. 1889. at the Pest fflaa at CMeafe.llHeele, enter Aat af Mare 3rd. 1878 INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINQ8, NEUTRAL IN NONE.1 Entered at Second Claie Matter Oeteeer II, 1889, at Ma Fast Office at Chtaaf o, llHnol, under Act af MareH 3rd, I8M TWENTY-TIIIKD YBAB, NO. 5. CHICAGO, SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 4, 1011. "feSrrs WHOLE NUMBER 1,15 1. i "JTXrJT ZyZZr r, . M.klV .iHM lw.w-e C3wIIb1P TZv-aJ-a .BsVfifiBsistE5?!MES3Bi lSP jVlaUPeflnCifew 4nsie 'B VKiifcSfcsnn ft v.; READY TO VOTE Judicial Election Next Tuesday Has Aroused Much Interest and Good Sized Vote Is Looked For. The Candidates Have All Done Some Strenuous Campaigning and Each One Is Confident of the Result. No Election Is of a Judicial Salary Grab for Municipal Judges Is Condemned by Chicago Bureau of Efficiency and the Voter Is Urged to .Vote Against It. All is in readlnesB for the judicial election next Tuesday, and a good vote Is expected. Both party organisation! have com pleted their plana to bring out the vote and the polls will be well manned. The candidates themselves have put , in a strenuous campaign and each ono is confident of tho result. The voter will have many good men to vote for and as a judicial elec tion la an all-important one, he should see that his vote is well cast. No heed should be given to the plans of. certain parties to knock this oandidate or that for certain political reasons or for personal ones, as is the case in the fight being made on some of the aspirants. Uso common sense. An honest, fearless and upright ju diciary Is what the people need and the voter should cast his ballot tor men with those qualifications. Don't be afraid to vote for the man you think la right and you won't re gret It. The Regular Democratic County or ganlsatlon has done hard work for the judicial ticket. On Tuesday the Democratic hand book was mailed to 160,000 voters in Cook county. It Is entitled Equal Justice to All and contains sketches of the Uvea of the candidates and many aphorisms on Democratic prin ciple and reasons why the entire Democratic ticket should be elected. Among these reasons, under the heading "Why You Should Elect Dem ocratic Judges," are the following: Because the fundamental Idea of the Democratic party is to bring the judiciary close to the people, while the Republican' principle Is to remove it from their influence. Because they feel it Is their duty to rule for the people and not to rule over them. Because the training of the Dem ocratic candidates gives them a broad er knowledge of tho conditions that exist among tho working people than does that of their opponents. Because the candidates are with out exception men who have made their own way In lire, fighting their own battles and those of tho people at the samo time. Bocauso most of the candidates have in the halls of the legislature or In the law service of different branch es of the. government made records which show they are with the people and capable of performing their full duty to them. Because the candidates stand for a sympathetic, broad interpretation of the law as opposed to a narrow, tech nical one. Because the Democratic party has placed upon, the bench men like Tu ley, McAllister, Rogers, Moran, Alt geld and Dunn. The past week has been a stren uous one for the Republican judicial candidates. They have spoken In meetings every night in all part of the county. "Men who occupy your Superior bench," said Hugo Pam on Monday night, is introducing the subject of "human judges," "should have the same feelings and sympathies as the average American cltlsen. They should know what life it, what it is to struggle, to meet adversity, to suf- More Importance to the People Than One and They Should Take Advantage of It. fer, and to fall. They should be real humans, and, being real humans, should be equipped to administer jus tice without persecution, to use sym pathy and mercy, yet to enforce the laws with courage and fidelity." "I ngree with Mr. Pam " announced Charles M. Foell. "A judge should have red blood In his veins and be humano jn spirit and deed." Tho Republican County Central committee has sent out 100,000 postal cards to active workers for general mailing purposes as one of the final efforts In the canvass for tho judicial election. Be suro and voto next Tuesday. There was no registration before this election. Voters who are reg istered wTthin the city or territory over which the election board has jurisdiction may swear in their vote It they have moved since the spring election. The requirement Is that a votor who has moved within the same precinct must havo two householders to swear to his affidavit. A voter who has moved outside the precinct In which he lived need get the affi davit of only one householder to swear in his vote. Affidavits for (this purpose will be available at the va rious polling places. In each in stance a voter must have resided at his new residence for at least thirty days and he must be registered at his old voting place, which means he must have registered since the gen eral listing last fall. Tho proposition on the ballot for the ralso In salaries of the Municipal Court Judges and Bailiffs Is bo word ed that It would tako a Philadelphia lawyer to figure It out. But tho voter should not be fooled. It Is a salary grab and nothing else. If passed It will mean the loading of moro taxes on the already overburdened taxpay er. Tho voter should make no mis take. Vote no on 'the propositions. Col. James Hamilton Lewis on Tuesday sent letters to President Taft and Attorney Genoral Wicker sham urging tho appointment of a Democrat to tho federal bench In Chicago to succeed 'Judge Grosscup. Ho asserts that all Presidents since Harrison have recognized tho right of tho minority party to be repre sented In all branches of the govern ment, and declares the Democrats uro represented on the federal bench in all states except Illinois. More pay for municipal judges, who now receive I6.O0O per year, will bo asked of the taxpayer at Tuesday's election. Tho salary grab was condemned on Monday by the Chicago bureau of pub lic efficiency and deprecated by the Chicago and Illinois Civil Service Reform associations. All three or ganlzatlons united In condemning the proposition to Increase the salaries of the chief clerk and chief bailiff of the court. These two questions, together with. the proposition to extend the civil service law to all the employes of the chief clerk and chief bailiff, are I to be voted on at the judicial election next week. The proposition to ox- tend the civil service law also carries with it the increase of the judges' salaries, although that fact will be concealed by the form of the ques tion on the ballots. The act adopted by the legislature, which will go to the people for confir mation, increases the salary of the Popular chief justice of the Municipal court from 97,(00 a year to $10,000 a year and increases the salaries of associate justices from $6,000 to $9,000 per an num. The other act makes some min or changes in the procedure of the court, shortens the hours of the bailiff and clerk and raises their salaries from $0,000 each to $9,660 and $9,000 respectively. The general condemnation of both these acts in the statement Issued last ulgbt by the efficiency bureau Is In the following language: "The Chicago bureau of public enV elency does not believe that ttao good features of theso nets suffice to offset their faults, Tho Civil Sorvlco Re form associations have already con demned tho second act. Tho Chicago bureau of public efficiency believes that both nets should bo defeated. The legislature should then bo asked to imss a new bill, confined' to tho one subject, for bringing employes of tho Municipal court under civil service." Tho bureau of efficiency bases its recommendations for voting forolther of theso acts, upon tho ground that Chicago Is not now ablo to moot Its financial demands, and that to in crcaso tho salaries of tho Municipal court judges, tho bailiff, and the clerk would cripple the pay roll. Anything to soak tho taxpayer seems to bo the fashion In Chicago. Tho schemo to raise the salaries in the Municipal Court Is tho lalest. Vote against the propositions next Tuesday. When will the wards be redls tricted? Unless tho city council committee on elections gets together beforo tho council's next meeting and presents a redisricting ordinance, Mayor Har rison will bo asked to appoint n com mittee of nonpartisan experts to re apportion scientifically tho thlrty-flvo wards in tho city. . This was tho opinion of members of tho subcommittee -of nine which has the redisricting In charge, after an exciting meeting, at which tho new boundary lines of tho First ward wero again tho rock upon which the committee split. The entire plan, as prepared by tho Democratic majority of tho sub committee, Is approved, with the ex ception of tho First ward boundaries. Theso, If adopted, will give tho ward only u population of approximately 41,000, while tho Municipal Voters' League and tho Republican minority of the committee are demanding that every ward be given a population of about 63,000. After the meeting on Tuesday, Al derman Cermak, chairman of tho committee, was emphatic In declar ing that n redisricting ordinance FRED A. BUStE, and Former Mayor Citizen BBBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaBaaaHBkY' eaBBBBBBBBSBal BSgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYgYf of Chicago, will bo Introduced Into the council n week from Monday night. Voto ngalnst the propositions next Tuesday. That redtstrlctlon plan seems to havo been lost, strayed or stolen. Tho taxpayer Isn't getting soaked enough and still they want htm to vote for an Increase in the salaries of municipal judges. 'PHONE SLA VERY The People of Chicago Pray for De liverance from the Grasp of the Awful Bell Monopoly. It Chicagoans Forced to Pile Up the Profits of Three Different Corporations arid Thus Boost Stock Dividends. The Bell Monopoly Owns the Local Telephone Company and the Western Electrical Company and Makes One of Them Patronize the Other. As the Bell Company Wants a Big Profit Itself It Is Easy to See Why Telephone Kates Are to Be Baised. The sheet anchor of tho Telephone Monopoly in Chicago is said to b the Department of Electricity of tho City of Chicago. This la believed by soma to bo th rotteaest department la tho city government and to exist mainly for the benefit of alactrlcal monopo lies and dealers In electrical machin ery and appliances. A glance at the last annual report of this department calls attention to the enormous amount of the taxpayers money ex pended annually upon street aro lamps. Who gets the profits? The city pays $61.95 per year for each one of Its electric aro lamps, while gas lamps with Welsbach man tles on them only cost $18.91 per year. Who gets the benefit of this enor mous extravagance for electric lamps which are in bad order part of the timer The annual report of the Chicago Department of Electricity shows that the total number of public street lamps in service on December 31st, 1010, waa 37,994. Of these, 12,366 were municipal electric-arc lamps, 893 rented aro lamps, 11,990 gas-mantle lamps, 6,426 gas flat-flame lamps and 7,319 gasoline lamps. The cost of rented arc lamps is $75' a year, municipal arc lamps 161.95 a year, mantle gas lamps 118.91, open-flame gas .lamps $16.41, and gasoline lamps 126.40. From a learned "Expert's" reporta to the City Council we learn that: Telephone rates should be raised because the Bell Telephone Company owns the local telephone company. Because the 'Western Electrical Company is also owned by the Bell Telephone Company. Because the local telephone com pany la obliged to buy all of Its equip ment and necessaries from the West ern Electrical Company. Because neither the Western Elec trical Company or the local telephone company would have big enough prof its to suit the Bell Telephone, which owns them, if Chicago people were not pressed for a little more coin and their telephone rates raised. Because the local telephone com pany has Increased its capital stock from the original $500,000 to $27,000, 000 and $5,000,000 more In bonds. Because the stockholders would not get big enough dividends on this Im mense stock Issue If the people of Chi cago were not squeezed. Therefore the telephone company has the nerve to ask tho City Council to ralso the rates on the people of Chicago. The people of Chicago aro to be used as serfs by the telephone monoply and the last drop Is to be squeezed out of thorn. In the meantime It would be well for the aldermen to Inquire Into the al leged relations, in the past, of certain city officials with the above electrical company, the twin of the local tele phone company, both being owned by the Bell monopoly. The telophone gang want the coun cil to raise the rates on all phones, To abolish all flat phones and make everybody takes measured sorvlco. To put a nickel In every phone be fore connection Is made. Fire Marshal Beyferllch asserted that as practically one-half of the fire and police alarms are received by tele phone, he did not favor the general Installation of the "pay-in-advance" type of telephone Instrument now be ing placed In various parts of the city by the telephone company. From the learned telephone expert whose report was submitted to the City Council in May, 1911, we learn on pages 49 and 60, that the Bell Tele phone monopoly that reaches all over the country, owns a controlling Inter est In the local telephone company and the Western Electrical Company. "The latter Is purely a manufacturing com pany," says the report, "engaged In the manufacture of Bell telephone ap paratus and supplies." In 1904 a con tract was entered Into between the local telephone company and the alac trlcal company, both or them owned by the Bell monopoly, whereby the local company agreed to purchase all of Its supplies from the electric coav pany. Under the terms of this co tract the electrical company agrees te deliver to the telephone company ril telephone appliances manufactured un der the license of the Bell Telephone Company. The local telephone com pany, on the other hand, agrees to pur chase all Its supplies from the elee trlcal company. Here we have a fine sample of how the parent monopoly makes the tub stdlary monopolies pile up profits for each other and the public pays the freight. On page 52 of the report of this "Expert" to the City Council we lad the statement made that the Bell moe opoly charges a rental of 62 cents per station for each set of Instruments used. This would amount te I1IMM yearly, but the expert discovered that the local company really paid the' parent company $355,711 last year. About this enormous overcharge the "expert" naively says on page 52 of the report now In the bands of the Council committee: "In justification of the payment of the difference be tween these amounts, or $222,411, the Chicago company receives certain services from the parent company which It Is claimed are worth the amount paid. These services consist of technical advice and counsel and the use of ap paratus patented by the parent com pany. What do you think of that? And then the aldermen are asked to ralso the rates on the people te help the local company out. Any alderman who votos to raise rates should be outlawed. Rates are twice as much as thay ought to be at the present time. They should be reduced. The telephone monopoly obliges the usors of nlckol phones to guurnnteo 6 conts per day. If tho monthly deposit of nickels falls short of the guarantee tho company makes the phono ranter pay tho difference. If thero should happen to bo an oxcoss of nickels the company gobbles them nil. The phone rentor gets no credit for that oxcess. That's the logic of the monopoly. All telephono rates are now subject to rovlslon every five years. Tho telophone company wants the city to raise rates and abolish the pro vision in tho ordinance calling for re vision every five years. They want to keep the people where they have them so that they can't get away. The "expert" on pages 105 and 10t of his report apparently feels much sympathy for the company on this sub Jest Will tho aldermen show any sym pathy for the peojui The telephone company wants the public to pay high rates because of the Improvements It bas put In the service. If this kind of reasoning holds good, then Marshall Field Co, and The Fair should charge higher prices for the goods because of the flae buildings and other Improvements they have paid for. And on the same like of argument tba Northwestern Railroad should double the price of f xf. .jjlwAi ' i ,''. t-te-au- k iwtijitote!., & 'fo'-'ifV'