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.,, j.y.r ..,..,...r, 7 ,,ry, ...yi; '4'''V;'Wl"''s!wI?',i,,,ryi4"''''' fr$y, . t , ) V! . I. lit leMVi fM FeWt "INOEPINOENT IN ALL THING, NIUTRAL IN NONtV IL vcrm m Mtef Mors 3rd, 1179 9fflM flt l MfW 9Pk TWENTY-THIRD Y HAH, NO. 10. CHICAGO, SATJJBDAiT. DECEMBER 0. 1911. WHOLE NUMBER 1,156. fJx"" (lj i ca o o iiSIEr a ijl c. n i Jb r THAT SUBWAY People Are Waiting Patiently for Work to Commence onPlan for Chicago's Underground Railway. Alderman Cullerton Sends Communication to City Council Asking Finance Committee to Furnish Plan by Which Project Can Be Financed. There Is At Present But $6,100,000.00 In the City Treasury Available for the Purpose of Constructing a Subway, Which Is Not Sufficient. The Project, To Be a Worthy One, Must Be So Planned that, When Com pleted, It Will Prove of Advantage to Citizens in All Parts of City. Tbo subway proposition Is a big one. Ono can hear on all sides Just bow It' should be built and just where it should begin. ' . If Chicago needs a subway, she needs the right kind of n one. It's going to take a pile of money to build the right kind of a subway for Chicago and It's up to the City Council to get to work on a plan that will at least be comprehensible. The people aro interested In the subway talk and let them now see that there will be some action. The following communication to the Eagle from Alderman Edward F. Cul lerton, whoso long public experience gives weight to his advice, should prove Interesting to everybody: Dec. 6th, 1011. Editor Chicago Eagle: On last evening I introduced the following communication and order, which was referred to the Joint Com mlttee on Finance, and Local Trans portation: "Whereas, An almost universal opinion prevails among the citizens of Chicago, that If a subway is to be constructed, it should be a compre hensive system, beneficial to all por- tlons lot the city, extending at least as far north as Fullerton avenue, as far west as 40th avenue and as far south as 55th street; and "Whereas, There Is but 6,100,000.00 In the city treasury available for the purpose of constructing a subway, a sum scarcely sufficient for the com pletion of .five miles of subway, in cluding anticipated property damages; therefore be it "Ordered, That the Finance Com xnltee be, and It Is hereby directed, to report to this Council at Its earliest convenience some plan whereby a subway system as outlined-above may be financed, to the end' that work may begin. simultaneously In all three divisions of. the city." In introducing' this order V stated that I was not opposed to subways, my desire being to ascertain as speedily as possible where- the money Is to come from for the construction of a system of subways such as the peo plo of this city demand. To construct such a system would require at least $100,000,000.00. Tho city is having plans and specifications drawn for the purpose of construct ing a system of municipal subways to be owned by the olty, entirely Inde pendent of the surface- street railways or elevated railway companies, There Is In the hands of the city treasurer, received from the street railway com panies under the provisions of the ex tension, ordinance agreement of' Feb ruary 7th, 1907, In which the city de rives 55 per cent of their net earn ings, $6,160,000.00 available for such purpose. The amount' that may an nually be received) In the future from such sources will1 be In the neighbor hood of 11,500,000.00. There seems to be a' disposition on the part of the subway commission to begin the construction1 of a subway In some street within the loop. It should be plaint to almost every ex perienced engineer that the amount thus available' would1 scarcely, con struct five miles of' subway, aatfreeet the' nroDerty. damages accruing; from such construction; It we have sub ways, let us have a system that will be beneficial to all the cltlsens of the throe divisions of tho city. Subways should be In Malsted street, Ashland, Western and Kodzle avenues, from points as fan south as 55th street, and north to Fullerton avenue, from which points at east and west strcots universal transfer should be made. Before a proposed subway system, with no other source of revenue but that derived from the city's percent age of the receipts of the railway companies' earnings, could be con structed, the present generation would have passed away, I Introduced the above order solely for tho purpose of ascertaining the vlows of the Flnanco Committee, as to how a system of subways that might be beneficial to all the peoplo of the city, is to be financed. EDWARD F. CULLERTON. Well, the city council finally got to gether and passed a redisricting ordi nance. As was expected, the plan drafted by Alderman Ccrmak and ap proved by the majority of the election committee of the city council, was adopted. It was passed by a vote of 60 to 6. Only a few changes were made from the original draft. Tho new redlstrlctlon of the ward bound aries pleases most every one. It Is not perfect by any manner or means, but a real perfect plan was not to be expected. Borne good aldermen are going to suffer by It, but this could not be helped. The fact that every ward will have approximately 60,000 voters makes the new plan a good one at any rate, considering the unequal ratio of population of the wards as now arranged. Mayor Harrison met with the har bor and subway commission Tuesday afternoon and discussed plans for the first1 step for a harbor. The harbor and subway commission is composed of the members of the subway com mission appointed some time ago by the mayor. They are John Ericsson, city engineer; E, C. Shankland and James J. Reynolds. Work on the sub way 1b delayed pending unification proceedings of the traction com panies. The commission will devote the time to harbor plans. Mayor Har rison scouted the Idea of the same commission being unable to take charge of the construction of the harbor and the subway, both; How do you like your new boundaries? ward That state fight next yoar will be a warm one. Watch how your alderman votes on the telephone proposition, The dead timber on the Municipal bench Is bound to be relegated to the j-oar next year, Chicago must get the Democratic National Convention ot 1912. " The committee appointed by Mayor 'Harrises to bring the' convention to ! Chicago has begun an' active cam paign: At at meeting last Monday nlghttat the Iroquois Club plans were made to obtain a , guarantee fund of fuv,uvv, uu uieojueia ui iuu veuiu- cratlo national committee will be notl- fled that Chicago wants tho conven tion and expects to get It. John W. Eckhart acted as chairman of the meeting. The other members of the mayor's committee are J. F. Bowers, C. J. Voptcka, Michael Zlm mer, sheriff of Cook county, and W. L. O'Connell, county treasurer. John F. Smulskt and W. E. Relss, repre i. a1 sontlng tho Chicago Association of Commerce, also wore present at the conference, "We probably will have to raise $160,000 to pay the expenses of the convention," said Mr. Eckhart. "Twen ty thousand dollars was promised this evening and we already have assur ances of many thousands more. We do not anticipate muoh difficulty In ssing the necessary sum. The Dem ocratic convention of next year will be of unusual Importance. It will be no cut and dried affair like the last, at Denver, and we anticipate that It will nttract at least 40,000 visitors, If held In a city centrally located, as Is Chicago, "The only other cities seeking the convention, as far as we know, are Baltimore, Denver and Milwaukee. As for Milwaukee, it could not accommo date a crowd of 40,000. Baltimore has had a guarantee fund subscribed for several months past. Milwaukee, we understand, has $130,000 pledged. Chicago is the logical place and(we have reason to believe that tho ma jority of tho national committee will favor this city." The Democratic national committee Is scheduled to meet in Washington early In January to name the place and date of the national convention. Tho locnl committee will have repre sentatives there. The number of soft jobs to be filled next year has brought out a small army of aspirants, which Is not to bo wondered at. How many times do you get tho right number on the telophono? Somo of tho progressives are writ ing to Roy O. West, chairman of the stato committee, asking him what the commltteo's attitude Is toward a preferential presidential primary. To thcBe Mr. West has mado reply that tho question Is not for the stato com mittee to consider, nnd Informs his correspondents that the matter rests entlroly with the national committee, which meets In Washington next Monday to select tho place for hold ing the next national convention. And now plrants. for tbo Aldermanlc as- Chicago must have both (he Repub lican and Democratic national conven tions next year. Governor Charles S. Deneen has mado a flawless record aB Chief Ex ocutlvo of Illinois nnd he will bo a llllllllllBIBIIIIIIIIIIIBIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlflRBIIIlLrf aaaaaaaBesfl IaLaaaaLB'JaMlaaaLH HsisssssKsssssssssssssssssssssssssssI IbiiiiiibbiiisiiiibsisbIHhIbiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiibC'biiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii BERNARD A. ECKHART, Prominent Chicago Merchant and Republican hard' tlon. man to defeat for a renomina- Presldent of the Sanitary District Thomas A. Smyth Is', the right man in the right place. He Is a conscien tious, fearless and hard-working pub lic official, And don't forgeTthat outer harbor. 'PHONE SLAVERY The People of Chicago Pray for De- liverance from the Grasp of the Awful Bell Monopoly. Chicagoans Forced to Pile Up the Profits of Three Different Corporations and Thus Boost Stock Dividends. The Bell Monopoly Owns the Local Telephone Company and the Western Electrical Company and Makes One of Them Patronize the Other. As the Bell Company Wants a Big Profit Itself It Is Easy to See Why Telephone Kates Are to Be Raised. The Telephone Trust has com menced a bitter and an uncalled for attack on the Mayor and honest alder men of the city of Chicago who are fighting for the people's rights against a heartless monopoly. The Telephone Trust is opposed to the honest, capable and efficient serv- Leader. t Ice that Mr, J, Ogden Armour and his colleagues are prepared to give to the city with their automatic service. The Telephone Trust has changed managers In Chicago and hat decided to throw dirt upon honest men In the city government who oppose Its dom ineering and' extortionate methods. The' Illinois Tunnel Company bat I fully compiled1 wtth the terms of Its ordinance and yet the grafters ttnloa Is not satisfied. It wants the Illinois Tunnel Com pany which has expended over $2,300, 000 In Instruments, wires and station equipments, to be forced to give up all of this to satisfy the Telephone Trust. Any alderman who votes In favor of an Increase of rates for the Tele phone Monopoly will be beaten to a finish the next time he runs for office. According to some account several men who are working for the mon opoly and Its franchise may not be residents of Chicago when the next election comes around. The Telophone Monopoly Is busy circulating "ugly rumors" about the Corporation Counsel, the Mayor and the honest aldermen who aro standing up for tho people's rights. "Ugly rumors" Is good. Aldermen who are anxious to learn the truth ought to Inquire Into the de tails of the passage ot the telephone ordinance five years ago. "Ugly rumors"! Well, there are some pretty ugly rumors going the rounds Just now. But the Mayor, i Corporation Counsel and honest aldermen are not the ones affected by them. A watchful eye Is being kept on the situation by too many people to have It easily misunderstood. 'A new report ihas been ordered ou the books and accounts of 'the Tele phone Trust. When the aldermen get that report they ought to be In a position to low er rates. If they raise them they will raise something hotter than this climate has been for the past few weeks. From a learned "Expert's" reports to the City Council we learn that: Telephone rates should be raised because the Bell Telephone Company owns the local telephone company. Because tbo Wcatern Electrical Company Is also owned by the Dell Telophono Compnny. Because the local telephone com pany la obliged to buy all ot its equip ment and necessaries from the West ern Electrical Company, Because neither the Western Elec trical Company or the local telephone company would have big enough prof its to suit the Bell Telephone, which owns them, If Chicago people were not pressed for a little more coin and their telephone rates raised. Because the local telephone com pany has Increased Its capital stock from the original $600,000 to $27,000, 000 and $5,000,000 more in bonds. Because the stockholders would not get big enough dividends on this Im mense stock Issue It the people of Chi cago were not squeesed. Therefore the telephone company has the norve to ask the City Council to raise the rates on the people of Chicago. Th people of Chicago are to be used as serfs by the telephone monoply and the last drop It to be squeesed out ot them. In the meantime It would be well for the aldermen to Inquire Into tho al leged relations, In the past, ot certain city officials with the above electrical company, tho twin ot tho local telo phone company, beta being owned by the Bell monopoly. Tho telephone cant waat the ell to raise the rates on all phonos. To abolish all flat phones and make everybody takes measured servioe. To put a- nickel la every phoae be fore connection la made. Fire Marshal Beyferllch asserted that as practically one-half of the Are and police alarms are received by tele phone, he did not favor the general Installation of the "pay-ln-advance" type of telephone Instrument now be lng placed In various parts ot the city by the telephone company. From the learned telephone expert whose report waa submitted to the City Council In May, 1911, we lean oa pages 40 and 60, that the Bell Tele phone monopoly that reaches all over the country, owns a controlling Inter est In the local telephone company and the Western Electrical Company. "The latter Is purely a manufacturing com pany," says the report, "engaged la the manufacture of Bell telephone, ap paratus and supplies." In 1904 a eoa tract waa entered Into between the local telephone company and the elec trical company, both of them owned by the Bell monopoly, whereby the local company agreed to purchase all' ot Its supplies from the electrlo cost pany. Under the terms of this con tract the electrical company agrees to deliver to the telephone company r.ll telophone appliances manufactured ua der the license of the Bell Telephoae Company. The local telephone com pany, on the other hand, agrees to pur chase all Its supplies from the elee trlcal company. Here we have a fine sample of how the parent monopoly makes the sub sidiary monopolies pile up profits for each othor and the public pays the freight. On page 62 ot the report ot this "Expert" to the City Council we Had the statement made that the Bell mee onoly charges a rental ot G2 cents per station for each set ot Instruments used. This would amount to tltt.toe yearly, but the expert discovered that the local company really paid the parent company $355,711 last year. About this enormous overcharge the "expert" naively says on page 62 of the report now In the hands of the Council committee: "In Justification of the payment of the difference be tween these amounts, or $222,411, the Chicago company receive eertaia sorvlces from the parent oompany which it is claimed are worth the , amount paid. These service consist ot technical advice and counsel and the use of ap paratus patented by the parent com pany. What do you think of that? And then the aldermen are asked to raise the rates on the people to help the local company out . Any alderman who vote to raise rates should be outlawed. Rates are twice as much as they ougnt to Deat tne present time. They should be reduced. The telephone monopoly oblige the users of nickel phones to guarantee 6 cent per day. if the monthly deposit of nickels falls abort of the guarantee the company make tho phone renter pay the difference, if there should happen to be an excess of nlckele the company gobble them aU. The phoae w kM&tetetisto SiiiiS:v.)infjL .$?.' -V- .'forVAyfrytfi? y;W?$vwyjfrw'r-. zj .