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aeaeBHBBCsaa ''rpstffi?,'' i "f'l 2?ASL itereo as Seeend Class Matter Oeteber II, III, at Mm Peot Orflee at Chleaio. MHnete. under Act of Mere 3r II7 MNOEPfMOENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NOME.' ll. OfAM att laaaaaAaW ssfesjsSneas aia Jaaf 9fl TWENTY-THlliD YlLUi, NO. 34. CHICAGO, SATTTRDiAiT. MAY 125, 1912. SINdLC COPY I'lVU CENTS WHOLE NUMBKB 1,170. anm0m crijicaooJtaiiilr STOP The City Council Calls a Halt on the Brazen Attempt to Hold Up Small Property Owners. The Now Gas Shut-Off Device Would Cost from One Hundred to Two Hundred a Lot. And Would Benefit No One But the Men Behind the Get-Rich-Quick Scheme to Squeeze All the People. The Boldest Attempt at Wholesale Highway Robbery Ever Attempted in a Big City Bids Fair to Be Stopped at Last. Last week tho Chicago Eaglo asked Mho was behind this gas shut-off graft that boiiio ono was ao busy pushing along In Chicago. The activity or flro department ofll clals was very suspicious to say tho least, and tho fact that some ono with a pull or something elso was behind It was very apparent. This Hcheme was tho outgrowth or a law lobbied through tho legislature by Interested parties compelling every property owner to Install at his own expense n gaB bhut-off on every lot In Chicago. An ordlnanco to tho samo effect was speedily passed by tho City Council. With wonderful activity tho flro de partment started In notifying small property owners to Install tho devlco at onco under penalty of a heavy lino for neglect to do so. The device would cost from f 100 to $200 for every lot In tho city. Rather a heavy load. Tho pcoplo have novor boon more worked up than thoy havo been over this robbery. Many of thorn appealed to tholr al dormen and by n unanimous voto tho city council Monday night rescinded Its action or a row months ago, whon It directed tho flro marshal rigidly to enforce tho now state law requiring property owners to Install uutomatlc gas cutoffs In tront of their premises. Tho action was taken artor Alder man Cullerton had made a vigorous speech denouncing tho law as a groat hardship to the sinnll property owners. Tho Idea or tho now law Is that in caso or fire tho gas connections with a building shall be automatically shut off. Alderman Cullerton said that slnco tho law has been passed "the boys behind tho movement have been ex tremely busy." "It wob originally planned," ho said, "that theso devices woro only to bo Instulled in big bulldlngB. But now wo find that thero havo been amendments to tho law which provide that ovor? building having three-quarters or an Inch service plpo Is compelled to havo a cutoff. This means practically ev ery small property owner In tho city has to buy ono. The devices coat rrom $100 to 200." Ho said that already firemen acting under Instructions rrom Marshal rSey ferllch, who in turn was acting undor the direction of tho council order, are canvassing the city notifying propoity owners that they must comply with tho law. Hev pointed out that the law pro vldos for a penalty or not less than 100 and more than B0 for every property owner who (alls to comply with the law In thirty days. It then provides that ir thirty days arter this penalty Is Inflicted and no attention Is paid that the gas company cannot supply the building with gas. Champ Clark has disappeared from the political map as a formidable candidate for the Democratic nomina tion for President. From present ap pearances, ho will not get hair or the delegates and needs two-thirds to be nominated, The Southern States will be almost solidly behind Underwood. He has the Alabama, Qeorgla, Missis sippi and Tennessee delegates already. Ntiw York with Its 92 delegates is willing to go for Bryan for President . and United 'States Senator James H, THIS GRAFT O'Qorman for Vice-President. Bryan can have tho nomlnntlon for Presi dent If he says the word. Bryan anil O'Gorman Is tho latest ticket talked of. Democrats will do themselves credit and honor tho community by voting against the throe men running on tho ticket for Sanitary Trustee. Tho way to tlnd out about u man's standing is to learn what Ills neigh bors think of him. Tho Eaglo nrticlo on Francis Stuyvesant Pcabody for Vice-President was copied In Cull In tho Hfnsdnlo Doings the local paper In tho village whoro Mr. Pcabody re sides. There aro only thirteen undertak ers on tho Democratic County and Sanitary ticket. Most or Chicago lire losses are total nowadays. Tho main sewer Bhould be bridged ovor with permanent bridges. Tho ract that Chauncey Dowoy Is with Roosevelt is velwod with alarm by tho cave or dentistry. Chawnco Is so seldom on a live one that Roosevelt trusties say ho Is suro to be thrown ir Ted wins. Tho McCormlcks and tho railroads aio tho only ones who benollt by , tho main sower, commonly called the river. Abolish tho bridge nuisance by building permanent bridges and help tho West and North Division of tho city. The thirteen undertakers running for ofllco on tho Democratic ticket sug gests a title for somo of tho others. It Is lumored that Comptroller Trnegor will resign to take tho presi dency of n down-town bank. The re port lacks conflimntion. Tho United Society for local self otllco-seokers will have u rest until tho next primary. A good shake-up would help the flro department. North Side sewers havo not been cloaned In so long a tlmo that peo pie complain of flooded basements ov ery 'time it rains. Aldormnn Gelgor, chairman or a spe cial commission appointed by the may or to study railroad terminals, de clared that tho Chicago plan commis sion's Ideas have the Indorsement of his commission, It Is planned to have tho two commissions co-operate in suggesting reforms in the locntlon of freight and passenger terminals, Mayor Harrison on Tuesday sign ed the city ordinance requiring all the Chicago elevated railroads to Inter change transfers, Arter signing the measure, which was passed by the City Council Mon day night, the Mayor announced that the representatives of the roads had Intimated thoy would fight Its enforce ment. It compels tho "h" companies to give a continuous rldu from end to ond of tho city for one 5-ccnt fnre. Under tho terms of tho ordinance the elovated roads aro allowed ten days to preparo for tho Issuance of the universal transfers. If at tho end of that period tho, provisions or tho ordlnanco aro not complied with the city authorities are empowered to en force it. For this purpose the police powers can be used, should the Mayor nnd it necessary to resort to drastic measures. The placing of street signs through) out tho city would, be a thousand times more benefit to the people than changing the names of streots. A person can go for miles through Chi cago and never see a sign designat ing the name of a street. Less fad- dlsm and more common senso Is what Chicago needs. The County Democracy will tnko a Lband of 12C plecoB with them to Dal. timore. uivo ub tno recall nnti they enn tnnko the terms or all olMclnls ns long ns they like. Betting is ten to one that tho city telephone experts will report In favor or an Increase In telephone rates. Tho fact that tho phone company Is paying 8 per cent a year dividend on twenty seven million dollars cuts no figure Rates must bo raised to cover tho ex pense or 25 cents a month incurred by the poor telephone company in col lecting nickels from Its slot phones nnd because of the great cost of get ting up "Its claborato Inventory nnd appraisal" which will convince any al derman In a proper frame of mind that tho people are lucky that phono rates a ro not tun times greater than they are. i The people are pretty good "ex perts" themselves on telephono mat ters. Thoy know what is going on. All tho "experts" on earth, hired to help the telephono company to maintain high rates will not change public opin ion. Thcie Is much talk or an Independ ent Democratic candidate for State's Attorney. Chicago Is tho only city In tho country whero great corporation In terests seek to control nldermanlc and iegtslatlvo elections through so-called reform organization. Alderman Ilclwlg of tho Seventh Ward Introduced nn order In tho City Council Committee on Buildings Mon day afternoon, which was Immediate ly adopted, requiring that a record of owners, architects and contractors shall be kept, and when permission for a violation Is stoked by an) one a report from the bulldlrg department shnll show how many times tho appli cant has asked concessions before. "I HKgagaBBBBBB& WmZffi!WrWMlm WILLIAM J. BRYAN. Possible Democratic Nominee for President. think that order will help the building dopartmont wonderfully," said Build ing Commissioner Ericsson. "It will show just where tho violations are and whether one contractor, one archi tect or some particular owner Is large ly to blame." Aldermen who expect the votes of the people again cannot harass the public and toady to the telephone crowd with impunity. The telephone trust must go. PHONE ROBBERY The People of Chicago Pray for De liverance from the Grasp of the . Awful Bell Monopoly. Chicagoans Forced to Pile Up the Profits of - Three Different Corporations and Thus Boost Stock Dividends. The Bell Monopoly Owns the Local Telephone Company and the Western Electrical Company and Makes One of Them Patronize the Other. As the Bell Company Wants a Big Profit Itself It Is Easy to See Why " Telephone Rates Are to Be Raised. The enormous dividends paid to its stockholders by tho Telephono Trust aro wrung from tho pockets of tho pcoplo by cxccsslvo telephono charges. Telephono rates must bo reduced and In tlmo they will bo. Tho fact that ono city council will barter away tho people's rights Is no reason why succeeding councils should do the samo. Tho fight for cheaper telephone service will go on until It Is won. Chicago people demand a reduotlon of telephone rates. A cent a call or at the most 2ft cents a call would yield the telephone company a profit and save money for the people. In big advertisement! printed In Chicago dally newspapers April 15, 1912, the concern offering 114,000,000 of telephone bonds for sale, quotes' a letter from tho president of tho com pany In which It is stated that tele phone ' "Earnings have shown a steady and substantial growth, having Increased rrom $3,120,238 in 1900 to $12,078, 300.07 in 1011, or an increase of ovor 300 por cent in tho past eleven years." Why not gtvo tho public tho benefit of this prosporlty? Tho Chicago Telephone Company, which Is suffering so much from want of funds, according to certain city "experts" that It will have to ralso telephono rates on tho people In order to exist, paid 8 per cent la dividends last year. Think of itl Eight per cent on twenty-seven mil lion dollars! This Is the company that started with u capital stock ot half a million and now has a capital stock or twen ty -so en millions. It pays 8 .per cont annual dividend on twonty-sevon millions and puts up a twenty-two story modern office building besides. Tho people ot Chicago are such easy marks that the phone crowd want to get more out of them and asks for an increase ot rates at the hands of the City Council. And two "experts" agree that this "poor" company is losing money Is, la 1011 the Chicago Telephone Com pany paid 8 per cent In quarterly divi dends of 2 per cent March 11, 2 per cent, Juno 30; 2 por cent, September 30; 2 per cent, December 30, 1911. Hero Is a nice little nest egg ol ?2,KO,000 divided up among the stock holders. When to this Is added tho profits paid tho "parent" Bell Tolophone Company, the amount grabbed off the people of Chicago Is simply enormous, Iusteud ot raising telephone ratos, tho City Council should lower them. Peoplo demand the ponny telephone nnd lower charges all along tho line. Mayor Harrison made a popular move when he ordered a new report on the telephone situation. The "ex pert" whose report Is now in the bands of tho Council Commltteo fav ored the raising ot rates and a gen eral contribution to the necessities of the phone gang. His report strangely enough showed that the Chicago branch or the monopoly It owned body, boots and breeches by the American Telephone crowd who con trol the telephone business ot the whole country. His report also shows that the Chicago branch ot the monop oly Is obliged to buy all of Its equip ment from a notorious Klectrlo Com pany which Is also owned by the American Telephone Trust This com pany makes Its own prices for what It sells to the other concern and the people of Chicago are expected to pay for the profits of both subsidiary Insti tutions of tho Trust Item a teamed "sfeyort's" ropacta to tho OK? Oetaoll wo iMim that: Telephone rates ehoald ho raiaod because tho Bell TolepfcoM Company owns tho local telophoa eosmsamy. Because the Western lleetrtcal Company Is alro owned by tho Bell Telephone Company. Because tho loeal Uleaheae pany Is obliged to buy all of Its quia ment and necessaries from tho West ern Electrical Company. Because neither the Western Elec trical Company or the local telephone company would have big enough prof its to suit the Bell Telephone, whleh owns them, If Chicago people wen not pressed for a little more cola aid their telephone rates raised. Because the local telephone com pany has increased Its capital atoek from tho original $500,000 to 927,0ft, 000 and $5,000,000 more In bond. Because the stockholders would aet get big enough, dirideads oa this im mense stock issue If the people of Chi cago were not squeezed. Therefore the telephone company has the nerve to ask tho City Council (o raise the rates on the people of Chicago. The people of Chicago are to be used as serfs by the telephone monoply and the last drop Is to be equoesed oat ot them. In the meantime It would be well for the aldermen to Inquire Into tho al leged relations, in the past of certain city officials with the abort electrleal company, the twin of tho loeal tele phone company, bath being owned by the Bell monopoly. The tolephone gang want the coun cil to raise the rates on all phones. To abolish all flat phones and make everybody takes measured servloe. To put a nickel in every phone be foro connection ts made. Fire Marshal Seyferllch asserted that as practically one-half of tho fir and police alarms are received by tola phono, he did not favor the general Installation ot the "pay-ln-advanee" typo of telephono Instrument now bo Ing placed In various parts of the elty by the telephone company. Competition In tho telephono Held Is necessary If tho people mo to got re lief ft om present high r.itcs for phono service. The Telephono Trust has com menced a bitter and an uncalled for attack on tho Mayor and honost alder men of tho city ot Chicago who aro lighting tor tlio people's rights against a heartless monopoly. The Telephono Trust Is opposed to tho honest, capablo and ofUclent serv ice that Mr. J. Ogden Armour and his colleagues are prepared to give to the city with their automatic service. The Tolephone Trust has cbangod managers in Chicago and has decided to throw dirt upon honest men In the city government who oppose its dom ineering and extortionate methods. The Illinois Tunnel Company bas fully compiled with the terms of Its ordinance and yet the gratters union Is not satisfied. It wants the Illinois Tunnel Com pany which has expended over $3,300.- 000 in instruments, wires and station equipments, to be forced to give up all of this to satisfy the Telephone Trust. Any alderman who votes In favor ot an Increase of rates for the Tele phone Monopoly will be beaten to a flntsh the next time he runs for office. According to somo accounts several men who are working tor the mon opoly and Its franchise may not be residents ot Chicago whon the next election comes around. Tho Telephono Monopoly ts busy frj&iiigsvVy frtfi&,8''?