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-. v v?twMi,i'jyJiwv-s''T'w',,w " SfSVJW ntered 8eeond Clan Matter October 11. 1889, at the Pott Office at Chicago, llllnou, under Act of March 3rd, 1879, INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE. Entered at Second Clait Matter October 11, 1884, at the Poet Office at Chicago, llllnole, under Act of March 3rd, 17. TWENTY-FOUltTIl YlAR,NO. 10. CHICAGO, SATUltDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1912. rVb-cbnti WHOLE NUMBEll 1,207 T5!?!w55MJW7,(,,''Wr' wM Wtf"'" Amf.i t ' MM iHM i ' fflrfcsK t a ol r DUNNE AND DRYS Liberal Democratic Governor Will Knock Out Plan of Anti-Saloon Crowd, Who Want Local County Option. The Drys Claim Eighty Votes in the House Alone and Will Inaugurate a Battle at Once. The Progressive Party Is Going to Stay in the Field, Make Nominations and Keep Up Its Organization All Over. In Illinois It Has Adopted a Legislative Programme Which It Proposes to Carry Out to tho Letter in Every Detail. Tho "Dry" crowd nro at It again. Thoy nro going to innko a hard light In tho legislature for local county option. Managers of tho anti-saloon cam paign tiBscrted eighty menibors of tho now house are pledged to tho com ploto program of tho Antl-Snloon Lcaguo of Illinois. Thoy thought tho senate "safe," but moro closely divid ed than It was two years ago. Thoy feared tho position of Clovornor-elect Dunne In event n county option bill Is passed. Thoy concoded their bills stand no show of enactment over tho governor's veto. Representatives of tho Icnguo at Springfield said they will niako a bit tor light for tho election of a "dry" speaker of tho house, and will try to forco the enactment of n county op tion law, tho passngo of a "rcsldonco district" option law for cities, and tho passago of a "search and solzuro" bill for local option territory. Tho favored "dry" candldato for speaker Is Ooorgo H. Wilson of Qulncy, Republican. Headquarters for tho legislative cam paign will bo opened In Springfield. Wilson Initiated his active cam paign and may offer his name to tho Republican houso caucus, If ono Is held. Tho Important dovolopmont In tho highly complox legislative situa tion was the prediction an effort will bo mado to hold a "dry" caucus, and thus organize tho houso regardless of party and without atentlon to tho two United States senatorships. The Progressive body of twonty-flvo mombors, apparently olocted, here again hold the balance of power. Pro gressive leaders are not certain they can afford at this crisis In their plan to make Springfield tho national cen ter of Progressive activity to be In volved 'Tn a bitter fight over tho saloon question, Homer J. Tice of Qreenvlew, Repub lican, a close friend of Lawrence Y. Sherman, opened his headquarters for the speakership at tho Leland hotel, Springfield, Tlce was Indorsed by the Anti-Saloon league for re-election, but has not boon classed as an active leador In that movement. Tho Progressive party has evident ly come to stay. State Chairman Chnuncey Dewey Issued a statement in which he said Illinois Progresses plan to "mako good" on tholr legis lative, program. Ho said: "Ono of tho purposes for which tho Progressive lawmakers elect have been called to meet in this city next Monday, the day In advanco of the gathering of tho party's national con ference, Is to consider these matters of prospective legislation. Several Important bills already are being dratted, The opportunity to exchange views will be valuable. Our strength at Springfield will be at least twenty six, probably three or four more In the lower house, and several In tho senate, "For one thing, I believe tho Pro gressives will advocate retrenchment where there has boon excessive ap propriation of 'the taxpayers' funds, and will propose that the money needed be diverted to put into opera tion our proposals for social and In dustrial Justice, Farmers and city laborers alike figure in this program. I might mention the organization of a corps of traveling agricultural In structors. Steel mill and other work ers will be Interested In our plan to secure an eight hour law for continu iilii'J vftitfJ A!- iVr't.'V ous industries, oporntlng twenty-four hours n day. "Recent agitation in favor of stnto supervision of prlvnto banks already has found expression In our state plat form and I am of tho opinion that tho Pi ogress) vo strength will bo back not only of such n mcasuio, but also of a bill like Kansas' 'bluo sky' law against wild cat securities." Tho action of tho Sanitary Trus tees in restoring tho appointing power to President Thomas A. Smyth, was an act of justlco which meets with popular approval. John McQlllon, who Is talked of for Clerk of tho Sanltnry District of Chi cago, would honor that position or any other ono to which ho might bo elected or appointed. Mr. McQIllcn Is a man of sterling character, honest, upright and ablo and ho possesses that groat oxecutlvo ability which will always make him a success. Ono of tho thinnest and most trans parent attempts to blacken tho char acter of two public men is tho charge that tho McLaughlin Building Material Company has been robbing tho Chi cago Railways Company. The Chi cago Railways Company Itself Is not awaro of tho fact. John J. McLaugh lin, a strong candldato for speakor of the house, and Benjamin M. Mitchell, ono of the most highly respected members of tho house, are members of tho firm composing tho McLaugh lin Building Material Company. The attack upon them at this time by a discharged employe Is clearly for political effect. Both men are too highly respected In the community to be hurt in tho loast by such an attack. "Tho only thing wrong wo havo dis covered so far Is In the affidavits of tho men who accuse thomsolvos of wrongdoing." Wllllston Fish, goneral manager of tho Chicago Railways Company, mado thlststatemont. Ho referred to an In vestigation mado by tho company of the charges mado last Wednesday by Harry Dovoro, a discharged employe of tho McLaughlin Building Material Company, to State's Attorney Elect Mnclay Hoyne. Dovero accused htmsolf and Frank J. O'Malloy of 2222 West Huron street mid John C. Barnes, 2013 Grand avo nuo, n receiver and assistant receiver for tho railways company, of having been Implicated In a schomo by which tho rocolvers of the Chicago Railways Company signed for material that had not been delivered by the McLaughlin Company. 'Mr. Fish amplified his statment by saying that In a check of the material used In all new construction and re pair work during tho season of 1912 there was a variation of not to exceed thirty, yards ,as compared with tho es timates of the board of supervising engineers covering the same work, Are the people to be sold out again In the matter of fixing telephone rates? The situation at present looks very funny. Expert Bemls" report was far from satisfactory to telephone subscribers. It did not go far enough in the matter of rate reduction. But the trust possibly to throw dust in the eyes of the publio and of the al dermen, pretend to fight Bemls' re- .port. One thing Is sure, the people rVtuj'klWj t St.i.-i-J't'tj si, ,vf .. .h-uti. L.u '&, .?ViVt - nro aroused and tho adoption of n schemo fnvornblo to tho trust will only fan tho flames of Indignation now beginning to blaze. Tho Telcphono Trust will bo fought by tho pcoplo until it ceases to bo a monopoly and until its charges aro as rcasonablo as tho government It self would charge for similar public service Pcoplo who Imaglno that tho pass ing of an ordlnanco by tho City Coun- cil will do away with a public demand for better conditions and lower rates in tho telephone service are mistaken. Tho telephone is a necessity to the people and no ono knowa this better than ho monopoly which control. It. The purchase of newspapers or the purchase of public officials will not help the cause of monopoly, The newspapers which support mo nopoly .have lost their influence with the public, which la intelligent and possessed of a good memory. Publio officials who give away the people's rlghta or show favors to the telephone monopoly will not be for gotten. On the contrary, they will be prop erly branded and will be retired to private life. The people are in no frame of mind u.i-1TtO..JT?Li'''''-,'fr''l?'''' to bo trifled with. Thoy nro showing this ovory day and at ovory election. Tho man who sells them out to a trust may win the approbation of some mllllonalro-owncd dally paper, but tho common citizen, who Is In sulted, neglected and overcharged by tho telcphono service, will not forget. Thcro Is ono thing that tho average voter has a knife up his slcovo for. That thing is tho public official who favors tho Telcphono Trust. Tho cutting down of tho number of pollco stations from forty-flvo to twenty-flvo us recommended by tho council commlttco Is n mistake. It will tako protection nwny from tho puoplo, weaken tho moral Influcnco of tho pollco force and do no good. When It Is remembered that twenty four hundred policemen were with drawn from their beats, tho moral ef fect of pollco stations In residence neighborhoods cannot bo overestimate c(l. Chicago ought to havo n hundred pollco stations. New York has ono hundred and thirty-five. Negotiations between tho surface lines companies and tho elevated companies nro at u standstill, follow ing tho disagreement several months ntrn lintu'nnn tltn nltv mitlmrlttnu timl officials of tho elevated lines over tho valuation of tho piopcrtlcs. Con sequently, tho unified operation of all Chicago's transportation facilities Is something to bo dealt with In tho fu ture. Tho merger of tho surfaco lines, ns predicted, Is taken to forecast u gen eral bottcrment of street car service In Chicago and opens tho way for tho futuro unification of all tho transpor tation facilities of tho city. It is de clared that when the question of tho valuation of tho elevated properties Is disposed of finally It will bo n com paratively simple matter to consoli date tho elevated and surfaco lines, ns tho elevated roads nlready aro merged. As Tho Kaglo predicted last spring, Roger C. Sullivan has como out of the battle with his flags flying and tho national administration behind .'ilm. Sovornl of tho Aldormcn havo ex pressed wonderment that tho big Tele phono Trust, which is fighting so hard to maintain high rates, docs not adopt tho automatic system which 1ms ROGER C. SULLIVAN. Prominent in the Business and Political lowered rates and glvon satisfaction whorovor tried. Ono alderman asserts that ft Is pos sible to supply local telophono service In cities at two cents per call, plus a rental chargo so low that every household could have service. This would help tho company's long distance business. Over capitalization and antique methods are what make telephone sorvlco between cities far removed so h'gh as to be prohibitive. The telephone trust could make money It its servlco was limited to three classes of the measured va riety at $9, $12 and 920 per year, But it wouldn't pay eight per cent dividends, T IWIK.- T" "t" h I f 1. . V 1 kHI Ik..1 && rz rlV't i YCHOT' ' "Jin ,A?W J-w r .wt-' din , FOR COMPETITION The People of Chicago Would Be Badly Off If They Had No Recourse From Trusts. The Telephone Trust, Judging: From Its Past, Would Grind Its Customers to the Wall Without Competitors. Tho Trust Is Fighting Hard to Maintain High Kates and Does Not Scorn to Bo Disposed to Help tho Public. It Has Two Reports in Make From tho dust that tho Telephone Trust Is trjlng to throw In tho eyes of uvcrybody Just now, It Is evidently determined to fight every attempt to lower high telcphono rates. This leaves tho public with but ono recourse. Telcphono competition must bo built up and encouraged. Tho telcphono trust wants to add to tho high cost of living. It wants all phones in Chicago Wli' World. placed on tho nlckoMn-advance basis and it has tho gall to ask tho Alder men to sanction this robbing. Under tho proposed scheme, every tlmo a hou8ewlfo ordered a pound of butter by telephone sho would havo to deposit a nickel Lefore telephon ing. But the telephone trust must have victims, otherwise it could not con tinue to pay eight per cent per annum in dividends to its stockholders. The people of Chicago are looked upon by the trust as easy marks, Telephone competition in Chicago is needed and needed badly. The people are sick and tired of be ing forced to submit to the demands of the 'phone trust They resent the gall of the trust in wanting the city tho Council Now, Either of Which Will Only It Richer than It Ever Was. to give it a monopoly and thoy aro not going to stand for any such action by tho city. Tor years thoy have suffered pa tiently the wrongs put upon them by tho trust and thoy havo como to the position whero they are not going to stand for It any longer. Tho ono thing that will put a stop to tho high rates and poor sorvlco, from which tho people of Chicago havo suffered for years, Is telephone competition. Chicago demands 'phono competi tion. Tho Chicago Tolepbono Company, which Is suffering so much from want of funds, according to certain city "experts" that it will have to ralso telcphono rates on tho people In order to exist, paid 8 per cent in dividends last year. Think of Ul Eight per cent on twenty-seven Mil lion dollars! This Is tho company that started with a capital stock of half a million and now has a capital stock of twen-ty-soven millions. , It pays 8 per cent annual dividend on twenty-seven millions and puts up a twenty-two story modern office building besides. Tho people of Chicago are such easy marks that the phono crowd want to get more out of them and asks for an Increase in rates at the hands of the City Council. And two "experts" agree that this "poor" company Is losing money! In 1911 the Chicago Telephone Com pany paid 8 per cent in quarterly divi dends of 2 per cent March 81, 2 per cent, June 30; 2 per cent, September 80; 2 per cent, December 30, 1911. Here Is a nice little nest egg of $2,160,000 divided up among the stock holders. When to this Is added the profit paid the "parent" Bell Telephone Company, the amount grabbed off the people of Chicago is simply enormous. Instead of raising telephone rates, the City Council should lower them. If tho Council abolishes tho flat tolophono rata for tho reason that tho telophono trust asks it to abolish It, then tho Council should order tho company to glvo a robato of two cents upon ovory flvo-cont call. Tho tolo phono trust complains that flat rnto phones Increase its burden 25 per cent. That users of flat rato phones only pay ono and a half conts a call, whllo tho whole servlco, medium and flat, costs tho company over two conts a call. Very well, lot tho Alder men say to tho phono crowd: "Wo havo cut off 25 por cont of your bur don. This will increase your rovonuo. Qlvo tho peoplo tho benefit and lot thorn have a rebato of two conts -n every call." Prom a learned "Expert's" reports to the City Council we learn that: Telephone rates should be raised because the Bell Telephone Company owns the local telephone company, Because the Western Electrical Company is also owned by the Bell Telephone Company. Because the local telephone com pany Is obliged to buy all of lta equip ment and necesarles from the West ern Electrical Company. Because neither the Western Elec trical Company or the local telephone company would havo big enough prof its to suit tbo Boll Telophono, which owns them, If Chicago pcoplo were not pressed for a llttlo moro coin and their telophono rates raised. Because tho local telophono com pnny has increased its capital stock from tho original $500,000 to $27,000, 000 and $5,000,000 moro In bonds. llecaiiBo tho stockholders would not get big enough dividends on this im mense stook issuo if tho pcoplo of Chi cap r. not squeezed. " i tho telophono company ha i uo nun o to ask tho City Council to nine tho rates on tho people of Chicago. Tho pcoplo of Chlcngo nro to be used as serfs by tho Telophono Mon opoly and tho last drop Is to be squeezed out of thorn. In tho mcnntlme It would bo well for tho aldermen to Inqulro into the alleged relations, In tho past, of cer tain city officials with the nbovo elec trical company, tho twin of tho local tolophono company, both being owned by the Boll Monopoly. Tho telophono gang want the coun cil to ralso the rates on all phones. To abolish all flat phones and make everybody tako measured service. To put a nickel in every phone be fore connection is made. Fire Marshal Seyferllch asserted that as practically one-half of the fire and police alarms aro received by tele phone, ho did not favor tho general Installation of tbo "pay-ln-advance" typo of telophono Instrument now be ing placed in vnrlous parts of the city by the telophono company. Tho taxpayers of Chicago are boaton out of thousands of dollars annually by tho tolophono trust. Everybody knows that in all outly ing districts and oven in soma locali ties in the loop district, the telephone trust Is not required to bury its wiros. Costly brick, asphalt and ce ment alloys are laid all ovor tho city In which tolephono polos nro erected and aro pormltted to stand, Who Is in on this graft? Tho tolephono trust Is away behind tho times. It is behind tho times be causo it would cut into its eight por cont annual dlvldond to bo abrcaBt of tho times. Tho spirit of tho timos calls for automatic sorvlco, England, long backward In tolephono sorvlco, Is forging ahead of us by Installing tho automatic systom In all of her largo cities, Tho automatic systom gives Instantaneous sorvlce, without mistake Tho trust nystom Is tho limit In mistakes, backwardness and untriiHtworthlness. Tho publio is watching tho telo phono situation closely, It has been milked so long to keep up big divi dends, that a reduction of rates all along tho lino is demanded. Telephone rates ar entirely too high in Chicago. The Aldermen have a chance to lower them. Will they do It? Glvo us a referendum vote on tole phono rates. Every alderman who votes for tho telephone trust will be beaton for reelection. m HttimStmmUUi sIssHsssssssssssssss