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Entered ai Second Clait Matter October 11, 1889, at the Pott
Office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act or March 3, 1878.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
Entered m Second Clasi Matter October 11, 1889, nt the
orrico at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3, 1879.
TWBNTYrFOUTtTII YEAH, !NO. 37.
CHICAGO, SATUBDAY, JUNE 14, 1013.
W$al WIIOIiE NTTMBEK 1,LJJ 1,
T IaXjDv- iMhmP 5E-I-a
WORSE THAN WAR
The Annual Slaughter of Chicago People
by Automobiles Is Arousing Public
Sentiment Upon the Subject.
Human Life Is Held Far Too Cheap
The Streets Are Mo Longer Safe, as the Reckless Drivers Appear to
Have Things All Their Own Way at Present.
Tho daughter of Chicago people by
automobiles Is attracting widespread
attention and causing a great deal of
An uprising that will crystalllzo In
rigid laws governing automoblllsts
was predicted by Coroner Hoffman
unless somothlng Is dono to put an
end to the taking of human life. The
number of deaths In automobile acci
dents so far this year Is more than
100 per cent greater than for tho cor
responding live months last year. The
coroner declared that he can recall
only ono caso whero any ono has
been convicted In connection with an
Ho was moved to his sensational
prediction when ho reached his ofllco
one day last week and learned of tho
death that day of Harry Smith, a
"This appears to bo a particularly
bad case," said tho coroner. "From
what I learn Smith was run down and
killed by an automobile at South
State and 13th streets. Tho chauf
feur and bis passengers abandoned
their machine and escaped on foot.
It the facts aro as reported I will In
struct my assistants to do everything
possible to bring about the conviction
of the driver. Unfortunately the laws
of Illinois aro such that convictions
aro rare and hard to get. Unless ac
tion is taken to stop this slaughter
something is going to break loose.
The people will exercise their power
Mr. Hoffman gave orders that a personal-report
be made to him of every
caso where a person Ib killed by an
automobile. His deputies were In
structed to get him out of bed at
night in order that he might assume
personal charge of the cases.
Records of the coroner's office show
forty-four deathB In automobile acci
dents In tho first five months of 1013.
Last year In tho same period the num
ber of deaths was only twenty. The
coroner pointed out that In 1905 there
were only live automobile deaths tho
Following Is tho record of automo
bile deaths by months:
. 1912. 1913
Coroner Hoffman further predicted
that unless action was taken to regu
late the powerful electric searchlights
used on the front of automobiles they
would sooner or later be the causo of
many accidents and much loss of life.
"There should be a law requiring
drivers to turn off their electric
searchlights when passing other
cars," he 'said. "From personal ex
perience I know that these lights are
blinding. Ono feature of the situa
tion that Impresses me Is the killing
of children, I want to be fair, how
ever, and I will say that tho public Is
equally responsible with tho automo
bile drivers for tho slaughter. The
police should arrest every boy or girl
found hitching on behind wagons and
automobiles or roller skating In the
streets. I wish bIbo that some law
could be devised which would prevent
any one crossing streets except at in
tersections." Speaking at the twentieth annual
convention of the International Asso
ciation ot Chiefs of Police, now meet
Ins In Washington, D. O., William A.
Predicts a Public Uprising from
and the Passing of More
as They Please in
Plnkorton of Chicago, head of the Illn
korton National Detective Agency,
warmly defended the parole law and
the indetermlnato sentence and gave
arrays of statistics showing that the
law had worked satisfactorily and
with greater Justice In Illinois slnco
Its enactment than tho old law.
"I believe,'" ho said, "that all polit
ical Influence should bo eradicated
from tho conduct of all penal Insti
tutions, and moro especially from all
boards of pardon or parole. The In
determlnato scntonco and parolo law
.cannot bo administered efllclcnlly in
any prison controlled by partisan pol
itics, for tho most Important part nt
tho Indetermlnato sontonco and pa
rolo law Is Its supervision.
"In tho many years that I havo
been In the dotectlvn servlco I havo
made It a rule always to meet pa
roled prisoners moro than half way
and glvo them ovory encouragement
possible to guldo them in tho right
direction. In many Instances I havo
gone out of my way to get them em
ployment, first stating to their em
ployers who and what they are, and
even aiding them financially In an en
deavor to bring tbem back to a clean
and bottpr life. The' great trouble
with men of this kind Is that, unless
they havo friends who get them posi
tions, evil associates aro liable to
hunt them up and endeavor to load
"Theso men should be encouraged
to do right and not dragged Into court
without causo and their past lives ex
posed and held up to ridicule. On the
contrary, whenever opportunity pre
sents Itself, It Is tho duty ot a police
officer to use his best efforts to aid
and assist them so long as they are
Dancing In so-called respectable
down town restaurants Is a disgrace
to Chicago. Tho Cabaret Is arousing
national attention. The tremendous
growth of wealth, with Its consequent
increase In tho numbor of "idle rich,'
is producing a class ot criminals in
this country almost faster than tho
nolice can cone with It. according to
I Representative Borland of Missouri,
who addrossed the convention ot tho
International Association of Chiefs ot
Police, Mr. norland declared that the
"idle rich" set a pernicious example
In their search for amusement and
aroused a desire of emulation In the
minds of persons of small means. The
result of such an oxample, he said,
was to tempt poorer folk Into Indis
cretions and crime to obtain money
with which to gratify newly acquired
tastes. The cabaret show ho declared
to bo one of the main causes for the
spread of tho social evil,
There 1b still a little grass and
some trees left in Lincoln Park. These
will bo removed lu time to make room
for more auto speedways.
The water meter graft Is bobbing
Its head up again.
It is proposed to tax every lot In
Chicago from $200 to $600 for water
meters, besides the great expense It
will entail upon all users of water.
Chicago has an Immense water
fund. If part of It was devoted to
wards building pumping stations at
the lake end of every section Una la
Chicago there would be no water fam
It Is astonishing what man the
by the, Joy Riders,
water meter people can Influence to
their, way of thinking.
Somo men who ought to know bet
ter aro talking for water meters.
More than that the "high, pressure"
sohemo Is up again.
According to some advocates It will
only cost thirty or forty millions ot
dollars to Install meterB and a "high
pressure" system. The poor will have
to pay the cost.
With half this sum additional pump
ing stations could be built which
would mors than supply the demand,
A well known engineer who was ad-
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vocattng "high presure" and water
meters said tho other day, according
to dally papers, that one of the chief
trouble's In Chicago was tho very high
consumption of water, which averaged
about 2,000 gallons per capita dally,
caused largely by waste and under
ground leakage from broken connec
tions. As a remedy for waste ho
recommended water meters. The test
of tho water pressure made In the
loop shows an Insufficient pressure,
but ho said that the city was Install
ing a large "number of water mains,
none under eight Inches, and these
would materially Improve the pres
sure. The health or the city demands
plenty of water for everybody.
The lnstali-Ofl of meters would
limit tt"? consumption of water and
rats' e price ot living on the poor.
. higher rates would have to be
narged In the residence districts and
tenants would have to pay the water
rates after the landlords had paid an
exorbitant rate for Installing water
This form of graft Is particularly
objectionable to Chicago people. They
will not stand for It.
It hits everybody and It la unnecessary.
Lincoln Park West I What a chance
thoro Is here for a legislative investi
gation. A Park Commissioner secured
a big piece of land on North Park
Avenue, facing Lincoln Park, He
erected a great series ot apartments
on the land. Then the park board
paved the street out of tho park funds
after first declaring it a boulevard.
Then the namo was changed to Lin
coln Park West, to further enhanco
'things. Why Is not North Clark
Street called Lincoln Park Southwest,
or North Avenue Lincoln Park South,
or Lako View Avenue Lincoln Park
Northwest? Is it because no Park
Commissioner owns apartment build
ings on them7 )
The parks are being rapidly turned
The next campaign will be the big
primary battle of 1914. The different
leaders are already scurrying around
WILLIAM A. PINKERTON,
Who Addressed National Convention
looking after their political fences,
Watch out for surprises.
Michigan avenue, with Its autoa
parked in the middle, looks like a hay
market in a small town.
They Make the Richest Kind of Picking
for the Greedy and Ever-Hungry
Bell Telephone Trust.
Aldermen Who Care More for Monopolies than
They Do for the Voters Have a
The Bell Telephone Monopoly Is to Be
to Stifle All Competition in
and Defy the People.
By Getting the Approval of the City Council to Its Fine Little Scheme
Permitting It to Buy Off Competition.
The Dell Telcphono Trust is going
to strengthen its strangle hold upon
tho throat of Chicago by wiping out
A 'merger of tho two companies Into
ono operating system Is contemplated,
of Police Chiefs.
and If realized will mean tho ond ot
two separate lines within tho city.
Tho combine, it is declared, will moan
tho abolition ot tho automatic' system
and the taking over of its subscribers
by the Hell company.
This was announced following an
attempt to effect tho revision ot tho
telephono ordinance which at present
prohibits tho amalgamation ot tho Il
linois company with any other locally
It has the aid ot several aldermen
In this new move.
Should tho Trust bo successful Chi
cago will lie at Its mercy forover.
Owing to tho hellnf that tho Instru
ments and plant operated by tho au
tomatic company could not bo used
by tho purchasing company, rumor
has It that tho purchase of tho or
ganization Is mainly for tho purposu
of overcoming competition and estab
lishing u universal telephono system
Uccauso of u clntiso In tho ordinance
passed lu 1S9U, prohibiting tho snlo of
tho company to any telephone cor
poration operating In tho city, It Is
impossible without legislation to ef
fect tho sale,
Tho stop to ovorcomo this obstaclo
was takon when an amendment to tho
present ordinance was presented to
tho gas, oil and electric light commit
tee of tho city council. Tho ordinance
provides that if tho company makes
any agreement "which would tend to
mako competition Inoperative" tho
franchise would ho forfeited. This
clauso Is eliminated in tho proposed
amendment. Alderman Charles E.
Merrlam urged tho committee to pro
ceed with caution in taking action.
"In caso tho automatic company
disposes of Its properties to tho Chi
cago Telephono company," ho said,
"tho latter concorn probably will add
to its capitalization 15,000,000 or $0,
000,000, which amount would repre
sent tho purchaso prlco."
People ot Chicago are especially
soft picking, It seems.
On page 362 ot tho council proceed
ings for May 12, 1913, in tho telephone
report, tho council commlttco states
that tho Chicago company "IX COM
MON WITH THE OTHRll BELL
COMPANIES of tho United Statos"
adopted in March, 1913, an employes'
pension disability and insurance plan,
which would cost tho company $120,
000 a year.
On pago 8 of tho annual roport ot
tho Bell Telephono system for 1913,
tho statement Ib made that tho sur
plus and reserves ot tho company
havo increased from profits, $103,000,
000 in tho past flvo years, "ovon after
sotting asldo $8,845,000 for tho benefit
fund recently created for the em
ployes." Chicago peoplo can road both ro
ports and draw their own conclusions,
whllo paying out their good money.
Chicago people have boen sold out
to the telephone trust by somo of
the Chicago aldermen.
This fact Is proved by tho Council
records for the past year.
An "expert" showed that about
$900,000 should be divided among tel
ephone users and ront payors In Chi
cago. Then the Company pleaded that It
was going to ralso tho salaries of
Its employes and pension them.
That would eat up most ot this sur
plus. A number of the Aldermen be
lieved thlt, or protended to bellovo
Chicago people will get no phono
And now comes mo tolophono trust
I in Its annual report Just printed, and
ays that after deducting nearly nine
millions of dollars from Its profits
for the purpose of raising, salaries and
pensions, It has a not profit ot nearly
one hundred and three million dollars
left. The Chicago Company Ib mere
ly an underlying branch of this mon
opoly and all the stuff that wo have
been hoarlng at tho Council Commit
too meetings has just been bo much
rot, pure and simple
Horo is what tho Telephone Trust
says itself on this subject In Its print
"During tho flvo year period be
tween 1907 nnd 1912 tho assets of the
Boll Companies havo Increased $311,
000,000, whllo tbp capital obligations
and payables outstanding have In
creased only a little over $199,000,000.
The surplus and reserves havo In
creased from $61,300,000 to $164,200,
000, or nearly $103,000,000, even after
setting aside $8,846,090 for tho ben
efit fund recently created for tho em
ployes." The Phono Trust, under tho old or
dinance furnished 1,200 calls for $6
per month on slngio lines.
Under tho now ono It will furnish
but 960 calls for $4 per month and
tho excess at 6 cents a call will cost
tho subscriber moro than ho has been
paying In tho past.
What a farce!
Even It tho proposed roductlon of
$500,000 was genuine, tho 400,000 Chi
cago subscribers would got loss than
10 cents por month out ot It.
The Telephone Trust will be fought
by the people until it ceases to be a
monopoly and until its charges are
as reasonable as the government It
self would charge for similar publle
Peopto who Imagine that the pass
ing ot an ordinance by tho City Coun
cil will do away with a public demand
for hotter conditions and lower rates
In tho tolophono servlco aro mistaken.
Tho tolophono Is a necessity to the
peoplo and no ono knows this better
than tho monopoly which controls It.
Tho purchaso of newspapers or the
purchase ot public officials will not
help tho causo ot monopoly,
Tho newspapors which support mo
nopoly have loBt tholr influence with
tho public, which fa Intelligent and
possessed ot a good momory.
Public officials who givo away the
people's rights or show favors to tho
telephono monopoly will not be for
gotton. On tho contrary, tboy will bo prop
erly brandod and will bo rotirod to
The peoplo aro In no frame ot mind
to bo trifled with. They aro showing
this overy day and at ovory eloctlon.
Tho man who sells them out to a
trust may win the approbation ot
somo mtlllonalre-ownod daily paper,
but tho common citizen, who Is in
sulted, neglected and overcharged by
tho telophono sorvlce, will not forgot.
Thoro Is ono thing that tho avorago
voter has a knlfo up his sleovo for.
That thing Is the public official who
favors tho Telophono Trust.
How nbout thoso gum and weighing
machines on tho elovatod platforms?
The city council ordered thorn off birt
they aro still In evidence.
Tho coming primary light will bo an
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