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InUrtd a S.cond Clatt Matter Oetobtr 11. 1M, at the Peit Ottiet at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3, 1879. INDEPENDENT IN ALLfftHINOS, NEUTRAL IN NONE. Entered aa Second date Matter October 11, 1(89, at the Poet Office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3, 1879. -p TWENTY-FOUHTH YEAR, NO. 44. CHICAGO, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1913. siNoi.n copv five cents WHOLE NUMBER 1,24 I. H'll'IIHI Ifl The Governor Announces a Large Number of Appointments, including Park Com missioners and Members of StateBoards. The Telephone Trust is Likely to Lose its Hold on the Public with the Govern ment's Aid. The United States is Determined that Although the Phone Trust is Powerful it Cannot Own All the People at Once. Daily Newspapers May Bo Purchased by It, but the American People Are Too Intelligent to Be Bought and Sold. Governor Dunne has made the fol lowing appointments: Lincoln Park board William H. Rehm, vice Fred L. Wllk; Leo Aus trian, reappointed; Bernard T. Jung, vice Francis T. Simmons; Timothy J. O'Bryne,. vice Bryan Lathrop; Daniel. F. Rice, vlco CharlorHT"Wllion. West Park board John Anda, vice John F. Smulskl; James C. Donvlr, vlco William C. Kggort; Michael Kol lassa, vlco William Kolacek; Edward Mullen, vice Joseph O'Donnell Board of pnrdonB Charles E. Jen nings, Marlon county, vlco Ethan Al len Snlvely. Stato board ot administration James Hyland, Chicago, vlco B. It. Burroughs. Rivers nnd lakes commission Wal ter A. Shaw, Chicago, vice Isham Randolph. Industrial commist Ion Peter Aug sten, Chicago. Good roads commission Jamos Wilson, Ogle county. Llvo stock commission J. F. Brown, Knox county. Fish and ganio commission J. C. Dlttmar, Stephenson county (chair man), John B. Vaughau, Macoupin county, original. Illinois and Michigan canal commis sion Shorman L. Marshall. Fulton county, vice W. A. Rosonfleld; Henry P. Dwyer, Grundy county, vlco Chariot Anderson. Member of stnte board of charities Kdwnrd F. Cany, Cook county, vice jfl u T. Mc Anally. Pi're'fcod cgmmlssloner W. Scott Mattkews, Jackson county, vlco A. Hanby Jones. Chief factory Inspector Oscar F. Nelson, Cook county, vice Edgar T. Da'vtes. Chlof Inspector private employment agencies Richard J. Knight, Cook county, vice William H, Cruden. Attorney Insurance department Archibald McKinley, Cook county, vlco Richard Yates. Membor board of pharmacy Ie L. Hrazek, Cook county, vlco J. F. Shrove. Superintendent south side employ ment office John Rowland, Cook county, vice 0. M. Tobey. Superintendent north Bide employ ment ofllco AugUBt A. Borkes, Cook county, vice Charles McMahon. Stato deportation agont Josoph C. Callahan, Cook county, original. Colonol on governor's personal mil itary staff James K. Finn, Cook county. Membor architects' examining board Michael B. Kane, Madison county, vice Frldelln Oswald. Members dental examiners' board N. W. Cox, Alexander county, vice Charles F. Pruyn; Charles F. O'Con nor, Cook county, vice E. F. Hazell; O, H. Seifert, Sangamon county, vice T. A. Broadbent. Member barbers' examining board James Ahern, Cook " county; vlco Charles' E. Evans. Superintendent Industrial School for Blind William F. Schultz, Cook county, ' Trustees eastern state ' normal school, Charleston 0. C, Lee, Coles county, vice Scott Burgett; R, W. Briscoe, Edgar county, vice H. Mar shall; Edward B. Rogers, Champaign county, vice John Culp; E. E. Elston, Cumberland county, vice Clarence H. Oxman; J, M. Hicks, Jasper county, vice Brent H. Ptnnell. District fish and game wardens BY Donnls F. McCarthy, Cook county; Alva M. Clavln, Whiteside county; J. 'M. Entwhlstle, Mason county. Aislstant stato fire marshals Thomas J. Walsh, William J, Hana fin, Patrick Cannon, all ot Chicago. Chicago remains supine at tho mercy of the Telephone Trust, thanks to her aldermen. Tho city council has gone on record In favor of Tel ephone Monopoly and tho Fono Fed Press fans tho enthusiasm of tho telephone sorts in public olllco. Other cities havo more public spirit. Chi cago pooplo should digest the follow ing from tho Pacific Coast: Portland, Ore. Dissolution of tho alloged telephone monopoly on the Pacific coast, by the American Tele phone nnd Tolegraph aompany tho so-called Bell tolophono trust 1b sought by Attorney Goneral McRey nolds In the civil anti-trust cult filed here today. Tho government charges tho giant corporation and Its subsidiaries with absorbing independent telephone com panies to destroy competition and create a monopoly In Oregon, Wash ington, Montana, and Idaho In viola tion of the Sherman law. This is the first attempt over made to apply the federal anti-trust statute to the telephone situation. The action was taken In the west because tho attorney general believed there exlited a peculiar situation de manding Immediate attention to euro ovlls said to havo been brought about by unfair practices and Illegal com binations. The attorney general asks tho court to compel the Bell companies to re linquish control ot tho Independent Telephone company of Seattle, the Home Telephone company of Puget Sound, the Northwestern Long Dis tance Telephone company, the Inter state Consolidated Telephone com pany, and the Independent Long Dis tance Telophono company. If nocessary to accomplish tho dis solution, tho court is asked to appoint a receiver for the properties. An immediate injunction or re straining order Is nBked by the gov ernment to provent any further steps In pending foreclosure suits to trans fer the physical properties of tho Northwestern Long Distance Tele phone companies to the Bell compa nies. Bell companies by reducing rates below a paying basis by giving free service and by threats, It Is alleged, have forced sovoral Independent com paniesforming links In the long dis tance ' system of the Northwestern company to violate their contracts for connections with the Northwestern company and to give their business exclusively to the Bell concerns. Acquisition by Bell Interests of the Independent Telephone company of Seattle, a link In the Northwestern system', it is added, destroyed compe tition in that city. ' The bill, recites the sale to the Bell Interests for $550,000 of tho Home Telephone company of Puget Sound, although 'the company was appraised at 2,927,12. A Washington dispatch says that Attorney General McReynolds acting in testing the applicability ot the Sherman anti-trust law to the "tele phone trust" In the civil suit filed at Portland, Oregon, against the alleged il iH il il 'iiHiHiiiSiiH iit monopoly on the Pacific coast re vived discussion of the probable ul timate policy of tho Wilson adminis tration toward the general telephone situation. The selection is one of threo aug- -gasteeUcoursM t -;-? Enforced competition under tho Sherman law; Toleration and encouragement ot monopoly under federal regulation. Government ownership and opera tion of the telephone. While Attorney Genornl McRey- nolds has not reached a' conclusion, It Is understood that his disposition is to leave the general telephone trust problem to the Interstate com merce commission for the present. The frequent drawing of telephone officials on Cook County grand Juries Is remarkable. Governor Dunne has Issued calls for special primaries and elections to fill vacancies caused by the resigna tions' of Justice John P, Hand of the Supreme Court, Judge Leslie D. Pu terbaugh of the tenth judicial circuit and Judge A. M.' Otmnn, probate judge of Eeiprla entity. The prlssaries Will be held Satur day, September 13" while the election will come Monday, October 20. ' The president ot tho Chicago branch of tho phone trust has not been drawn on a grand jury for two months. The averago alderman Is regarded as a stiff by a number of citizens. This la an Injustice o many able and meritorious men wlio give up their time lor the people nnd do much good for the city. The nldormnnlc stiff, properly speaking. In the fellow who Is led by the nose by tho Fono Fed dally prets and "llm Stock Holders Union, othcrwlso the M. V. L. They nevor fool the public long. The amount of j graft that will be gobbled before that) Ktibwny is fairly commenced Is hard' to compute. Mr. D. J. Normoylo,' nn able Chi cago lawyer, has been named by Gov ernor Dunne to fill u vacancy on the state board of arbitration. Mr. Nor moyle later on will bo given some sort of an attorneyship. He may be made attorney for tho Insurance de partment, succeeding former Gover nor Richard Yates. Bets are freely offered that tho telephone trust wins out again In the council. . Representative McAndrews may be come a candidate for City Treasurer or something else when his term ex pires next year. A number ot candi dates are already in i tho field for hlk Congressional seat.. It U believed, however, 'that If McAndrews should change his mind he will be renom inated without any trouble. Several alleged restaurants on State street have the gall to put signs In front ot their Joints to the effect that there is "dancing jeTery evening." This disgrace to Chicago should be stopped. John C. Roth, a hotel man ager, told the covjmII committee on licenses that'thtHiigAlass hotels are opposed to dancing In restaurants. "It's a prostitution of tho business," he said. "No possible good can come from it. Think for n minute whether the respectable class of business men would permit their daughters to at tend this class of festivities which are EDWARD F. DUNNE. Popular Governor of Illinois. held at a late hour of night when the condition of the dancers Is not always one ot sobriety. In a number of places I understand they even en gage professionals to 'egg on' and lead these dancers," Taxi graft must be pretty good for somebody. Take a look at Washing ton street at the southwest corner of the City Hall Square. It Is reported that there are SO, 360 buildings In Chicago without num bers, This Is hard on letter carriers, messengers and delivery men. LIIIIIIIIIIIIIIi9bIIIIIIIIIIIIIku "LHHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIH .iiiiiiiiiiiHliiiiiiiiiiiiiiH 1'M.iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH LIIIIIIIIIIIMPbIIIIIIIIIIIIKiLM ibbbbH BBBBBHv'fBBBBBBBJMSiyjB4jVBBBBBBBBa BlllllllllllllW.BllllllllllllllllllllllVBllKIBlllllllllllllllllllV !&( T BBBBBBBBBBBBBlllBllllllllW BBBBBMJ BBBBBBBBBBBBBlllllllllllllV kiiiiiiiiiiiiHri 1biiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiih 1w "IbiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiV iBBSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSbJ WATER PROBLEM Chicago People Demand that the State of Illinois Take Hold of and Run Their Water System. The Only Way Away There Should Be of Every Enough Money Is Collected from Water Rents Purposes to Build and Equip Two Hundred The demand for state control and direction of Chicago's water system is growing dally. Peoplo want more wa ter and state control will Insure It, at cheap rates, without meters In every house. With an Inexhaustible supply of pure water right at its door, Chicago has tho poorest water service of any city In tho world. Many great cities go hundreds of miles for their drinking water and carry It over mountain and vale In costly aqueducts. Chicago can have all that she wants by using ordinary common nense, but she refuses to take advantage of her opportunity. The water supply ot Chicago, has been a fruitful source of political graft from the beginning. Instead of using the earnings of the department to build up and en large the water plant and increase the supply the surplus has been "bor rowed" year after year by other city funds, to Increase the pay and the op portunities ot political hirelings. If the earnings of the Chicago Wa- to Get Good Service and Do with Meter Graft and Inefficiency. a Pumping Station Section Line and a Would Result. ter department wero properly ap plied, there would bo a pumping sta tion at the lake end of every section line In Chicago. This would glvo an abundanco ot water for tho homes, tho lawns, the strects,tho-offlces,-tho .shops and every placo in Chicago Where water Is a nccssity. There ,1s only one way out ot tho chronic water difficulty In which Chi cago finds Itself. All this dreary drivel about "homo rule" must be dropped nnd tho Stato of Illinois naked to run our water sys tem on n nou-pnrtisnn nnd common sonso principle With n competent board of engineers controlled by the stnte nnd appointed by tho governor, running tho Chicago water works, the city would have an nbundant sup ply of that lire giving uml life sustain ing fluid. There Is no other salvation for Chi cago In the matter. Undor local control tho Chicago wa ter works system turns wholly on graft nnd every cry for relief only awakens tho cupidity ot dcalors In water meters and other appliances tor circulating boodle where It will do the most good to boodlorB and tho most harm to Chlcagoans. With phone rales as high as ever and taxes 75 per cent higher than ever, Chicago has had all of tho Al derman Ic homo rule that It wants. Chicago gives to Us people the poor est water service of any city in the world for the money thoy pay for It With an exhaustless body ot fresh water at her door Chicago is constant ly talking about Installing water meters In every flat and In ovory homo to stop "waste." This is In tho face of the fact that the enormous surplus In the water fund Is constantly being appropriated to meot other expenses of tho city government Instead of being used to oxtend nnd build up the water systom. Water motors In every flat in Chicago would bring on a pes tilence In this big city In a short time. The fellows who nro shouting for water meters nro graftors. Every man who talks of water meters or water wnsto In tho homes of Chicago should bo charged as a public enemy. The peoplo cannot have too much water. To limit Its use means pestilence and disease, New York goes 108 miles for frosh water and tho great aqueduct which carries It to her people cost over $500,000,000. It Is one or tho marvels of modern times and ranks alongside of the Panama Canal as one of the wonders of the world. Liverpool, England, Is supplied with fresh water by an aqueduct which brings a supply 'from Wales1 and yet there Is no talk ot "waste" over there. Other European cities go 'oven farther for their supply of watery But Chicago, with an abundance at hand, la always howling about "waste." Who Is behind this water mater graft anyway? An enormous sum is diverted from the water fund every year to supply the wants of other city departments as you can learn from the recom mendations of the finance committee to 'the city council In the printed council reports. If the water fund was properly used, at the Lake End Sufficiency and Spent for Other Pumping Works. a pumping station could be built at the lake end ot every section line In the city. If this was done you would hear no more about "water waste" and the necessity for meters in every house. Tho water meter graft is bobbing its head up again. It la proposed to tax every lot in Chicago from $200 to $500 for water meters, besides the groat expense It will entail upon all users of water. Chicago has an immense water fund. If part of It was devoted to wards building pumping stations at tho lake end of every soction line in Chtcngo there would bo no water fam ine anywhere. It Is astonishing what men the wiiti'i nii'iei people ciin Influence to their un, ot tliliikltiK. Some men who ought to Know hot tni nn- lulkltiK for wuter meters. More than that the "high pressure" scheme It. up iiKiilii. According to some advocates It will only cost Uiiit (ii forty million of dollars to Install meters and a "high pressure" s) stem. The poor will have to pay the cost. With half this sum additional pump ing stations could be built which would more than supply the demand. A well known engineer who was ad vocating "hlRh presure" und water meters said the other day, according to dally papers, that one of the chief troubles la Chicago was the very high consumption of water, which averaged about 2,000 gallons per capita dally, caused largely by waste and under ground leakage from broken connec tions. As a remedy for waste ho recommended water meters. The test of tho water pressure made In tho loop shows nn Insulilclent pressure, hut ho said that the city was install Ins n largo number of water malnt, none undor elaht Inches, nnd these would materially Improve the prea inrn. The health of the city dpmanda plenty or wnter for everybody.' The lnstnli"':;ii nf meters would limit tb" consumption of wafer nnd rals' .no price of living nn the poor. -iiBlier rntes would have to ho .-nnrged In tho residence districts nnd tonnnts would have to pny the water rates nfier the landlords hail paid nn exorbitant rate for installing water meters. This form of graft Is particularly objectionable to Chicago pooplo. They will not stand for It. It lilts everybody nnd It Is unneces sary Competition nnd lowor rates In tho teiephono"1 field are demanded by the people of Chicago, So strong Is this feeling growing among all classes of tho community that tho efforts of tho telophono trust .o stifle competition and koop up rates will fall In the long run. Vhat an awful combination this telephone trust Is. it controls tho telophono scrvlco In every great city of the country, It controls the Western Union Telegraph Company, It controls the General Electric Company, It controls the Western Electric Company. And It keeps up rates in order that the people may be milked of great dividends for stockholders.