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Wje Cfjicago Caglc UH PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY .41 Jndtpendtnt Ntwipaptr, Fcarlt$a and Truthful. PENROSE AND PROMISED BUDGET SUBSCRIPTION RATES $2.00 PER YEAR ISMfflffflf Atldrtwt All Commtinlcitloa U CHICAGO EAGLE 179 WEST WASHINGTON ST. Telephone Main 3913 Southrait Coi.ier Waihington St. and Well. St. HENRY F. DONOVAN, FJilJ ind Publlher tnt.r.J m Snd C1M Mutter October 11. 1IS at the Ixt OfflCf at Chicago, till tele. unJer Ar- - Much I. 1ST ES"rnlSHED OCTOBER 5, 1859 orrxrtd t'uder the Lawi of II mole. Vournl'd by HBMUY F DONOVAN a Tha Chleaqo Eagle, a newapaper fee all elate? of reader, l devoted u naiionai. siate jmu. uwi r-v,- .--. I 11 Hi.hlTl.n nff UK UIIVMII Wll W. county SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1919. RAILROAD SUITS DISMISSED. On motion or Attorney General Kd wnrd J. UrunUnge. Judge Charles M. Foell In tho Superior court dismissed charges of contempt of court agalnBt the Atchison, Topeka & SanUi Fo and twenty-flvo other railroads oporatlnB In Illinois, which have been pending since 1917. On May 29, 1917, tho attorney gen eral obtained an Injunction restraining the railroads from Increasing Intra state rates from '!& cents u mile after tho interstate commcrco commission ruled that interstate rates might bo increased from 2 cents a mile to 2 cents. Tho decision wns upheld by the Illi nois Supremo court. Tho railroads continued to violate Judge Fooll's in junction by charging 2 ceuts. Thoy nnn nltsitl ftw nnnlnmnt Ym m flfl 1 fl f f1 V an ucreoment was entered Into whore- by tho contempt caso was continued Indefinitely on tho promlso of tho rail roads to allow a robato to buyers of tickets should tho decision of tho Superior court bo upheld by tho United States Supremo court. Judge Fooll'H decision was uphold by tho United States Suprome court. Slnco then the railroads have paid back mnro than $1,000,000 to tho pub lic in rebates. CHANCING OUR LOCAL ELECTION SYSTEM. Our wholo local election system is to be revolutionized. Hereafter tho moro interest mem bers of a political party take in a primary tho less chance they will havo of winning the election. For Instance, live men uro candi dates for tho democratic nomination. Thoy divide tho party vote at the primary. Tho republicans have but ono can didate, and ho polls all the party vote. If this amounts to a majority vote, over all tho democratic candidates, the prlmnry vote elects tho republi can automatically under this law. Chicago's nonpartisan election bill was passed Tuesday by the senate by a vote of 28 to 10. It now goes to the house, where thero may be more trouble In store for tho measure than was demonstrated In tho Benato. Tho Importnnt features of tho bill as It comes out of the senate are these; Partisan primaries for the nomina tion of mayor, city clerk, city treas-. urer. and aldermen nre ubollshed. Instead, primary candlduteh shall file nominating potltlons upon which there must bo not less than 2 per cent nor moro than 5 pur cent of the vote at at tho last preceding election in the particular torrltory for which nominations are made. The names are placed upon the prl mary ballot alphabetically and to '.tted by precincts, so that each can dldate "shall hnv top place equally wj'h all other candidates. 1hro shall bo a non-partisan prl mary on tno last lUCHiiny in .uurcu if anv candidate gets a maJorJt of all w,te- cast tin Is automatically elected If no candidate gets a majority of all the votes cast tho two highest can dldatfH go to an eloctlon to br held on tho last Tuesday In April Jf tho bill becomes a law It will mako tho election of a "minority mayor" an Impossibility, nB it pro vjdes that tho final test, if one Is nee essary, shall bo between two candl dates only, those receiving tho high est and tho second highest number of votes at the preliminary primary Such a law would probably havo changed tho results of several recent Chicago city elections, Including tho lat ono. The hill was introduced by Senator Barbour at tho request of the civic organizations which met in common council at tho City club shortly aftor last November's election to cIIbcubs ways and means of putting Chicago's raho as to all ponding legislation to the general assembly. Tho bill was indorsed by the city council of f'hi i ago ZKsmfl iMp - 3? mci o juo hiiuuviwii w. !- Mil. nltfpai. siaie, county no on lUry Otltrjet newtjto comment oji Mfll In public life) to clafn faaeboV and Sporta, and to the pooH-atlon of General Information if ftibfle Interest. Financial, Com niacclal and PAlltftal. ' BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBb OTB?" tVT rf- it v"- SBBBBBBBBBBHtnBaBVBBBBH " eBeBeBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBW?'.ft' i, vvHKr aBv4SiavlnH larJsBBBBBBBBBBBBBVfeihljyiBBBflBBBBBBV bbbbbhbsPwwwI 'aeLBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBLV LDH FRANK JOHNSTON, JR. Popular Judge of the Circuit Court. LOWDEN FOR PRESIDENT Gov. Lowdcu's presidential boom lias been launched In the east by Con gressman William H. McKlnlcy, of Chnmpalgu, who wns Taft's campaign manager In 1912. In nn article to bo publlnhed in tho May .1 issue of Les lie's, advance copies of which havo been Bent out, Mr. McKlnley, under tho caption, "Why Hotter TlmcB Are at Hand," says 1920 Is to he a Repub lican year. "In Illinois," he writes, "wo havo a former congressman who bus made a great record as a people's governor and as a war governor Frank O. Ivowden. I am for Louden for tho noxt president of tho United States. "Tho November, 1918, election and tho local elections of this winter and Hprlng havo served notlco that Repub lican times are coming, that tho peo ple aro tired of professional theories and socialism, that Inefficiency and pa ternalism must end, and that they look to tho Republican party to wlpo out autocratic government and restoro tho constitution. A Republican con gress will act now as a servant of tho Pcou, and not of a President." Mr. McKlnloy, who la tho now prcsl dent of the Amorlcnn section of tho International Parllnmentnry union, re cently sailed for his second trip to tho devastated regions of Franco and Helglum. NEED HOUSE NUMBEIS Over Half the Residences, Stores, Apartment Buildings and Other Structures in Chiccago Are Without Them. Tho casual observer cannot fall to notlco that one of tho crying needs of Chicago is street numbers on tho buildings. Sinco tho passage of tho new streot car ordinance, which provides for tho stopping of tho cars at oven numbered corners only, tho absonce of tho numbers is painfully notice able, and much annoyance is felt In consoquoneo. Letter carriers and others who havo long suffered from this flagrant dis regard of the law requiring numbers on overy houso, hnvo grown tired of uttering complaints. No attention was paid to them. Whole blocks all over Chicago aro without numbers, and no one In au thority appears to caro about tho fact. CHARLES KRUTCKOFF, Popular County Assessor. FOR NEW CHICAGO POST OFFICE Chicago Is going to hnvo u now postolllce on the West Side, accord ing to Chairman Wncker of tho Chi cago Plan Commission. It is planned to draft a new bill to take thu place of tho bill killed when tho sonata failed to pass tho big appropriation bill at tho last con gress. Thu new billy will bo turned over to one of Illinois' congressmen for presentation to tho house. "Thero Is no doubt," said Mr. Wack or, "that wo will get tho new post olllce. It Is my understanding thnt tho previous bills have had tho sup port of tho houso of representatives, vhlcli realizes tho drastic situation Chicago faces. They hnvo come to know thnt tho new postolllce will not only bo of great service to Chi cago, hut to the entire middle west, becauso it is hero that a large pro portion of tho mall Is distributed. "Thu Chicago postolllce is tho most profitable one In the United States and wo havo hud less consid eration from congress than any other largo city. Wo would havo had tho appropriation two years ngo If tho war had not Interfered with It und other Internal improvements." WATER RATES Tho city council fiuancu committee had before It a suggestion that tho wa ter rates bo further adjusted. TIiIh brought up u discussion of tho Su preme court's recent ruling that tho state public utilities commission had Jurisdiction over all utilities owned or operated by municipalities. "This mutter ought to go to a sub committee to bo taken up with tho stnte commission," said Aid. II. D. Capltalu. "Are not municipally owned utilities exempt from the commission's Juris diction?" asked Aid. W. F. Llpps. "Tho Supremo court said not," de clared Aid. McCormlck. Emll Longhl, the popular proprie tor of the Justly famouB Italian & Greek Products Company at 1518-20 South Wabash avenue, has built up great reputation in tho business world on account of the oxcellenco of the ollvo oil and nno Imported wlnei handled by his houst. Tho Mld-Clty Trust & Savings Dank at Madison nnd Hnlsted streets, ono of tho most strongly backed banks in Chicago, is doing u big business. Senator Holes Penrose of Perm sylvuiilii seems Jtit now to bo the spokesman for the budget system of npprtrprlutlont and expenditures thut Is promised on behalf of thu Sixty sixth emigre. The reform seems likely to Co through. '1',1 Republican mujorltlei In both houses urn com mitted to Its establishment. President Wilson has recommended It from time to time. The business men of the country, lrre.peetlo of party, hnvo urged It. "What wo niiM have Is a budget system that Is ndmlnitrutrvennd IckIs Intlve," Senator lenroc says. "Thero Is nn almost complete absence of a budget system, ehlur atlmlnlstratlvo or legislative, In the government of tho United States, and ihls fact, with tho habit of extrnvapiuee and wasteful expenditures dpvelnpetl by the wnr, will produce n chiioih- eomlltlou In tho iTlCOttle fINll Itvti.iiwl.tltrii iiivnltia ttt the Kovernincnt unls a biuret system Is promptly prmlded for. Tho subject already has the atunilon of seme of the mast prominent business men of the United Stntes as will as oxeeutlo and legislative departments. To my mind It In the most lmpuunt question before eouKre.s, as all others are ultimately related to It." LENINE'S PROPAGANDA PORTRAIT whom he Interprets In his own way, Lenlno has written much on economic Mibjccts. Ills great propaganda pamphlet for budding bolsheviks la entitled "Tho Stnto nnd Revolution." OFFICIAL PORTRAIT OF TR0TZKY This is nn official picture of Trot zky. It Is a propnpanda portrait and on Bale with the authority of Trotzky himself. Lev Dnvldovltch Trotiky or, to gtvo him his real mime, Lelbn Bron stein Is u Jew of versatile talents and considerable powers of organiza tion. In his evolution ns n socialist ho 1ms passed through menshevlk In ternationalism nnd. Trotzklst Irrutlon nllsni to the moro strenuous doctrlno of bolshevik Imperialism. President of tho Potrogrnd Coun cil of Workmen during tho revolution of 100.1, Trozky hits been twice exiled to Siberia, and has twite escaped be fore tho completion of his sentence. A in nn of violent moods nnd pas Monti, Trotzky bus frequently been guilty of tho greatest cruelty and ex cesses. He has, howevor, written several clever historical sketches of tho revo lution, und as a Journalist possesses it wnkcH u strong nppenl to his followers. IS PANCH0 VILLA Villus band, i fulled to tul.ti him dead or ullve. Then there was u story thnt gnngreno set u nnd Villa hud died In somo recess of the Sierra Tarahumnro. .Since the light nt (iiierroro thero has been no Villa beforo thu camera, no Villa Interview ul, no pronuuilaiiientos by Villa, no Villa -eon by a responsible American or Mexican. Is Pitiirln villa alive or dead? BADEN-POWELL Lleutinin.t Oenernl Sir Robert Stephenson Smyth HudfivPowell Is making pluiih mr tho fiMimitlon or an liiternalluiiiil committee embracing hoy scout movements In countries throughout the world to bring Into elo-er relations millions of scouts und scout lenders, lie toured Kuropo with ibis purpiM conferring with scout ulllclnls In France, Italy. Helglum and .Serbia. Then ho cnino to this country and visited Ronton, Now York. Wash ington. Then ho went to Cniiiulu and had confcre.aes In Ottawa, Montreal nnd Toronto beforo returning to Kng land. Sir Robert wns made much of In the United States, ns was Lady Hailen Powell, who h chief guide of tho Girl Guides, as the girls' organization In Great Britain Is known. The main teaturu of his visit to New York was a welcome rally on the sheep meadow of Central park, a mohliiziition or -iv 000 Hoy Scouts of America. This was tho occasion In which tho scouts await ing honor uicuuls und Kngle Scout ba dges received them from his huuds. mm? iJwm MKKKtmmmi This Is mi olllchil pleturo of Lc iilne, otherwise Vhnllinlr llytch Ull unolT. It lu from u propngnndn por trait on sale during the present Lcnlno Trotzky rule. It doubtless presents tho soviet lender ut his best. Of tho leaders of bolshevik Rus sia, Lenlno Is by fur tho most Im portnnt. Horn on April 10, 1870, ho In u "hereditary noble" nnd tho son of n state councilor of tho Simbirsk gov ernment. Drought up In tho orthodox faltli, ho was educated at the Simbirsk gymnasium nnd ut tho University of Kuznn, from which town, however, ho wns speedily banished on account of his socialist proclivities. Revolution seems to run In his family, nnd his brother Alexander wus executed as a terrorist In 1887. Lenlno Is married to Nudojdn Krupscknln, a former political exile, to whom ho Is said to bo most devoted. A stanch supporter of Karl Marx, : certain facility of argument which ALIVE OR DEAD? Is "Gen." Francisco (Pnncho) Villa nllvo or dead? Francisco Villa still campaigns In Mexico, "according to Information thnt has reached tho stnto depart ment," snys u Washington dispatch, which restores the former bandit and rlvnl of Cnrrnnzn to the "bud em inence" ho once enjoyed. Thus ho is leading n now revolutionary movement, has captured Parrnl, Jimenez, nnd Hustlllo nnd Is planning a descent upon Chlhuahuii mid Torrenn. Further more, Villa Is preparing a statement to the American press denying thut ho wns Involved In tho Columbus raid anil thut ho had u hand In tho Santa Ys-ubel atrocity. Pnncho Villa was reported dead of a leg wound received lu his nttnek on Ouerrero on March 20, 1010. Thrco days Inter Colonel Dmlil of tho United Stales army, with some men tho Sev enth anil Tenth cavalry, surprised AND BOY SCOUTS aEv n DIXON C. WILLIAMS, Highly Respected Chicago Manufacturer. NOMINATION OF JUDGES Tho plan to nominate Judges by po litical committees Is being fought bit terly by lawyers. "Power of nomination for ofllco should not rest with any body or com mittee," said John M. Cameron, librar ian of tho Chicago Uar association In voicing opposition to tho Duck bills now pending in the upper houso of tho Illinois legislature, bills which tend to rovlso tho prcsont election laws. "I do not think tho Uuck plan is u good one. It would not tend In any way to Improve tho Judiciary, but would leave tho power of tho bench to n few boss es." Tho bills hnvo been reported from the stnto Judiciary committee of tho scnato and nro awaiting action by tho upper branch of tho general assembly. Ono of tho bills seeks to put tho Ju diciary in politics, according to somo experts, Iplaclng tho nomination of Judges at tho mercy of ward and pre cinct committeemen. Tho county con vention, under tho Buck bills relating to Judges, would hnvo authority to se lect delegates to tha state, Judicial and district conventions to nominato candi dates for circuit court branches In Ju dicial districts composed of ono county nnd candidates for Judgos of tho Su perior Court of Cook County. Charles S. Cutting, chairman of tho Bar association's commlttco on tho Ju diciary, said that politics should be eliminated in every wny posslblo from thu election of Judges. "I am strongly in favor of nonparti san election of Judges," ho said. "It luiB always been tho caso in my ex portation that n Judge bus had to ally himself with somo political party. Tho fruthcr wo can get nwny from that tho bettor off wo will bo. I nm opposed to n prlmnry system of electing Judges nnd think that wo should, as far as posiblo, cllmlnnto politics from tho bench." Levy Mayer expressed himself as ut terly opposed to tho present primary laws. "My convictions nro strong on tho subject," ho sold. "I havo not read tho Buck bills, but if thoy do not con form to my Ideas, I nm against them. I am utterly opposod to tho present In so far ns it affects Judicial nomina tions. I am against tho primary for Judges. I am also against tho partisan pnrty label for Judgos. To mako it necessary that a candidate for a Judge ship shall first run at a primary of bin uarty, and, if ho gets tho nomination, go before tho peoplo ugnln nt tho reg ular election, is an utterly bad sys tem. Solf-reBpcctlng lawyers, who aro ablo and ambitious, arc, as a rulo, un willing and unnblo to mnko two cam paigns. Tho result of tho prlmnry system in my opinion has stunted rather than Increased tho caliber of tho bench. Candidates for Judges should bo solocted by potitlon, signed by, say, 5 per cent of tho voters. If wo must hnvo n convention let tho con vention havo tho right also to noml nnto tho Judges, "In this way wo should havo poti tlon ns well ns convention candidates. But, by all means, cut out tho primary In Judicial elections. Tho report of tho Illinois public utilities commission from Jan. 1, 1914, to March C, 1919, showed that It had disposed of 0.3C9 formal potltlons and complnlnts. Tho number of com plaints is regarded as bolng small, although covering ilvo years, duo to tho fnct that so many skillod employes worn called in tho draft. Raklios' restaurants havo mado a namo for thomsolvcs in Chicago, which stands for good service, good food and good oqulpmcnt. John Rak lios, tho proprlotor of this popular string of restaurants is a progressive and patriotic Amorlcnn, citizon. He has been a hard worker for tho Lib erty Loan and has dono much towards lining up tho Crooks of Chicago In tho fine Bhowlng thoy havo made. isd. 3gjl i jgj EAGLETS. Kmuuuel Well has been connected with tho Now York Llfo Insurance Compnny for over twenty years. No lusurnnco agent in tho country Is more popular with tho public, or moro loyal to his friends than Mr. Well. Harrison H. Rlloy, president of tho Chicago Tltlo & Trust Company, Is one of tho foremost citizens of Chi cago; nlwnys progressive and patri otic. ABclier Brothers will add another playhouse to tholr chain of moving pleturo theaters when thoy tako over tho Crown theater, cornor of Milwau kee nvonuo und Division stroot, on Juno 1. This theater has been play ing American burlesquo this season. Ono of tho most Interesting storoa in tho city to visit is that of Karl Mayer & Company, in tho North American building, 36 South 'State street. Men go thero for servlco dental and shaving creams, and wom en for tho prlzo baby soap and a grand linn of toilet articles. Harry M. Qrut, cashier of tho Mer cantile Trust & Savings Bank, at Jackson boulevard and Clinton streets, is ono of tho rising young men of Chicago. Beforo accoptlng his present responBlblo position, Mr. Qrut was con nected with tho Continental & Com mercial National Bank. Ho is re spected by tho business community and by nil with whom bo has como in contact. Judg John A. Mmhonr ol tfc utuatalpaj court Is very popular wMk U peopU because of the ood, teat- mo leme h displays on the bai W. S. Tothlll, the great manufac turer of gymnasium and playground apparatus, at 1816 Webster avenue, has a national reputation because of the excellence and reliability of his products. Q. J, Chott, toe wan known lawyer, who made a good record on the Jos tles benca, wonld make a good Must Ipal Judge. A Two Million Dollar Guarantee that the Oliver Nine Typewriters, now sell ing for $57, are brand new, latest models, the identical machines in every way, that sold for $100 before the Oliver Typewriter Company inaugurated its present economical production and selling plans. Telephone today, Randolph 500. A representative will show you an Oliver Nine and give full de tails with no obligations to you. Tho Oliver Typewriter Company 11-U Oliver Typewriter Hide., Chicago Karl Mayer & Company Makers of Service Shaving and Dental Creams Telephone Central 2133 36 South State Street CHICAGO