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rt - U Send Clat Matter Oetobar Om at Chicago, Illinois, unaor Act THIRTY-SECOND YEAR, XO. 20. nn UL r M City Administration Drafts Bill Which Legislature Will Mate Into a Law Freeing Chicago from Slavery Phone Lordship and Street Railway Tyranny Will Be Things of the Past in Near Future Chicago is to have home rule. Street car and telephone bosses take notice. That is the plan of the Thompson administration, which began drafting a bill for submission to the Legisla ture at Springfield to accomplish that end. The bill is being drafted by Special Attorney Chester Cleveland, and is the direct result of the action of the council, which yesterday by a vote of 52 to 0 voted to support the city's law department in its court suit to have completely canceled the 1907 con tract ordinance between the city and the Surface Lines on the ground that the companies already had violated the contract in obtaining an increased fare. "The bill, which is being tentatively drawn," said Mr. Cleveland, as he stopped in his dictation of the meas ure, "will contain an emergency clause, and. if passed, will throw the control of purely local utilities back into the hands of the city, instead of the Public Utilities Commission." CONGRESS PUTS 0. K, ON HARDING Senate and House Formally Can vass Electoral Vote Showing G. 0. P. Victory. . CEREMONY IS SOLEMN AFFAIR President-Elect Ends Vacation and Turns His Attention to Problems That Must Be Solved Be fore Inauguration Day. Washington, Feb. 10. Warren Gam aliel Harding of Ohio and Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts were for mally declared by congress to be elected president and vice president of the United States for four years, beginning next March 4. Thus was written the final chapter in the history of the 1920 presidential elections. The scene was laid in the chamber of the house of representa tives, with the Democratic vice presi dent, Marshall, presiding. t The occasion was the canvassing of the electoral votes cast by the elec tors chosen on November 2 404 for the Republican candidates and 127 for the Democratic candidates, former Gov. James M. Cox of Ohio and Frank lin D. Roosevelt of Hyde Park, N. Y. Dignified Formality Followed. The recording of the votes was at tended by all the formality and sol emnity prescribed by the Constitution, and there, not only were present the members of the senate and house, but many relatives and friends of the suc cessful candidates. Two highly-polished mahogany boxes inlaid with rosewood and hol lywood, were dumb actors in this drama of Democratic government. Resting on the vice president's desk, they contained the official ballots of the electors of the forty-eight states. In alphabetical order, beginning with Alabama's vote, the returns, in large envelopes blazing with seals, were opened by the vice president, handed to the senate and house tellers one Republican a.d one Democrat rep resenting each body and read to the assemblage and recorded. At the-conclusion of the announce ments and tally, Vice President Mar shall declared formally that Mr. Bard Jng had been chosen president and Mr. Coolidge vice president in official FOUNDED 1889 LrSt Weekly Circulation Among People of Influence and Standing 11. IBM. at th Pt Offlc of of March 8, 1l7f. 179 W. Washington Subscription Rate, 12 Per Year In Advance. language that the announcement would "be defined a sufficient declaration of the persons' elected president and vice president of the United States, each for a term beginning March 4, 1921." March to House Chamber. The joint session was ordered by resolution of both senate and house. At 1 o'clock, led by two senate pages carrying the ballot boxes, the senate, following the vice president and es corted by its seargeant-at-arms', secre tary and other officials, proceeded to the house chamber, where they were announced with ceremony, the house membership rising as the sena torial party entered. As prescribed by law, the vice presi dent took charge of the session, with Speaker Gillett seated at his left and the senators at the right of the cham ber. In openini the ceremonies' Mr. Mar shall gave the usual warning igainst demonstrations by the spectators, a warning which always has been hon oned in the breach until the galleries lost their enthusiasm under the verbal procession of formal announcements by the four tellers. Cast by Electors Jan. 10. " The votes canvassed were cast last Jan. 10 by the electors meeting in their respective states and have since been arriving almost daily at the vice presi dent's office. Duplicate returns also have been sent by mail and the law requires that a third set be filed with the federal district court of each state. Among the personal messengers who brought the ballots to Washington were women serving as such for the first time in the nation's history. A custom of procedure followed as usual in the joint congressional session was an opportunity for objections to the recording of the votes. After each state's vote was announced, the vice president asked if there were any ob jections. These, by law, are required to be in writing and, in event of filing, to be voted on by the senate and house separately. MAY USE STUTZ MACHINES 1F Now comes the winged fire depart ment. John Cullerton, manager of properties of the fire department, is said to have pointed out the need to day of an aerial chemical engine. He said he would recommend the addi tion of such equipment to the council finance committee. It was the destruction of an aero plane by fire in a hanger at Peterson road and North Sacramento avenue by fire last Saturday that convinced Cul lerton of the necessity of sending ex tinguishing chemicals long distances at the greatest possible speed. The machine which was destroyed be longed to Nimo Black, a professional aviator. Black had just placed the aeroplane in a hangar after a flight when crossed wires in the engine started a blaze. Cullerton saiad the machine could have been saved if another flying ma chine equipped with chemical devices had been obtainable. WRIGLEY BUILDING OPENED The big - $3,000,000 building of the William Wrigley, Jr., Company was opened on Tuesday, when President Wrigley called a stockholder's meeting to order at 2 p. m., on the fifth floor. Work was begun on the building in March, 1920, and the expectation was that it should be ready for occupancy May 1 of this year. But today, two months and twenty days before that date, this big struc ture is 80 per cent finished. The Wrig ley offices will be fully installed on Publication. St., Chtcapo, III. CHICAGO, the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth floors by April 1. This is said to be a record for quick construction, even as the building it self establishes a record was the largest terra cotta structure in the world, being of that material through out, from base to roof. The building covers. 11,000 square 1 5 ipiisllpilli feet of ground and is 135 feet wide on the side facing the north bridge via duct on Michigan boulevard, 88 on the Rush street side and 155 on North Water street. It is sixteen stories high and rises 210 feet from the playa in front. The great tower, 42 feet square, is 398 feet high, only twro feet under the legal limit. The face of the clock on the tower is twenty feet in diameter. To a late hour every night the tower and its massive clock will be flood-lighted, so that for long distances up and down the boulevard autoists and pedestrians may read the time. . When the building is completed the Wrigley company will occupy three floors, the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth, and the rest of the building will be rented for offices. Already 80 per cent of the . space available has been taken. ml INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL SATURDAY, FEBRUARY WARNING ARREST THIS FRAUD Complaint has reached this office that a person giving the name of Edward Reynolds has been calling up businessmen by telephone and so licits subscriptions for a "soldiers' re lief fund," giving among others the name of the Chicago Eagle for ref erence. The Chicago Eagle knows of no such man as Edward Reynolds and is in no way interested or con nected with any soldiers' or other "relief fund." People approached by such a person using the name of the Chicago Eagle in anyway should turn him over to the police. LICENSES RAISED ON BALL PAR K S BY CITY COUNCIL The city council raised the license fee for the White Sox park from $2,000 to $4,000 a year and for the Cubs park from $1,500 to $3,000. The increase was recommended by Chair man Anton J. Cermack's revenue com mittee after Attorney Alfred S. Aus trian, for the park owners, accepted it in lieu of an ordinance requiring the parks to pay the city 5 per cent of the gross gate receipts. a 0 -v' jr&., . s V""- -j. ' T. f :: & WILLIAM WRIGLEY, JR. Famous Gum Manufacturer Who Pre sided at the Formal Big New Wrigley Building on Monday. NATIVE AMERICANS DON'T COUNT WITH PHONE BOSSES Evidently native Americans don't amount to much in the minds of our trust houses. Our immediate suburbs like Oak Park and Evanston are peo pled largely by N. A's. Phone tolls bury Oak Park telephone subscribers, the omission of their names from city telephone directories embalms them. The fare charge of 18 cents for reach ing Oak Park on surface lines com mit them to oblivion. Dixon C. Williams has high honori awaiting him at the hands of the people. IN NONE. Publish 12, 1921. mm Phone Kates and Other Utilities Stand a Chance for a Big Tumble Before State Board Recent Advances at Great Cost to the Public Are Likely to be Overruled at Springfield Illinois new Public Utilities Com- mission held its first meeting on Mon day at Springfield. Two of the first questions to be set tled are orders from the Chicago city council. One is the order prepared by Aid. Toban that the commission at once reduce street railway fares here to 5 cents. The commission has that if Opening of the power, Aid. Toban contends, and he asks that it be exercised as a short cut to low fare. The attack of the Lundin-Small leaders on the Lowden public utilities commission was based on the charge that the commission was robbing the car riders, wherefore Aid. Toman and others take the posi tion that if the governor and mayor were justified in their tirade against the Lowden commission the Small commission will at once reduce fares. The other question In an order passed yesterday by the council, which, having told the surface lines "you have no rights on Chicago's streets" wants the commission to or der the company to build extensions in accordance with the 1907 ordinance, the same having been "annulled." Meantime traction company officials turned their attention to Judge Scan lan's court, where city's lawyers have been arguing for a court decision offi- WMfcty. Entered as 8ond Office at Chlcate, LllU cially abrogating the street railway I contracts. The city's action in Cir cuit court was instituted more than a year ago and was first heard by Judge McGoorty. Court validation of the city council's action is necessary to actual cancellation. Henry A. Blair, president of the Chi cago surface lines, is in New York. Other officials stated the company would not initiate any proceedings at this time and that the next move in the game is to up to the city law department. "The. company is pre pared to defend its rights in court," said James M. Sheehan of counsel for the lines " The ra in Phone rates according to many people is bound to be re scinded. SENATE FOR A BIG NAVY Rejects Borah's Resolution Pro posing a Six Months' Suspension. WOULD NOT BE SOUND POLICY Force Must at Least Be Equal to Any Other Power Warships Constitute the First Line of Defense. "Washington, eb. 10 Until the United States has a navy second to none, or an agreement for universal disarmament is reached, construction of fighting ships should be pushed re lentlessly, the senate naval affairs committee advised in its report re jecting the Borah resolution propos ing a six months' suspension of the building program. Nothing has developed to convince experts that the capital ship or bat tleship is no longer the backbone of the fleet, the report declares. To tem porarily halt their construction, It as serts, would not only result in the loss of between $15,000,000 and $25,CX),000 to the government, but would weaken the i;afiin's defense and increase the danger of attack. Navy First Line of Defense. "Situated as is the United States," the leport reads, "with oceans separat ing it from other great powers, its first line of defense must necessarily be its navy, and so long as it has a battle fleet which can hold the sea against attack, its rights are secure. In view of this importance of sea power and the fact that without it we would be at the mercy of the other nations, it is the opinion of the com mittee that this country should main tain a navy at least equal to that of any other power. "The lessons of history teach us we cannot afford to depend for main tenance of our rights, and the lives and commerce of our citizens upon the mercy or good will of other pow ers with rival and conflicting inter ests or ambitions." The report which was prepared by Senator Poindexter closes the con troversy over the allegation that the development of the submarine and airplane had rendered the battleship obsolete. Must Have Giant Ships. Discussing the relative merits of the capital ship and the undersea boat and aircraft, the report reads: . "The value and importance of sub marines, aircraft and high explosives are admitted and an intensive study of their potential uses should be con tinued with a view of utilizing them to the greatest possible advantage. If we assume, however, a naval power armed with all these devices, and with destroyers and swift light cruisers, but with no battleships or battle cruis ers and an enemy power equipped with all these and with battleships nn Claaa Matter October 11. INInott, wr AM f M and battle cruisers in addition there can be no doubt the power equipped with the capital ships would be vic torious. "The rival forces of light craft whether on or below the surface or in the air would neutralize each other, leaving the power which possessed the heavy ships, armed with 'great guns, in undisputed control of the seas." Aircraft and submarines, the report continues, are of tremendous value as auxiliary fighting units, "but the na tion which depended upon them alone." it reads, "would be completely at the mercy of the nation which pos sessed all these and the heavy fighting ships in ndditin" " LAWYERS ASSOCIATION ELECTS OFFICERS Justus Chancellor was elected president of the Lawyers' As sociation of Illinois at its an nual meeting in the City Hall Square Building. . The association's new club rooms were formally opened. Other officers elected are Judge John R. Newcomer, first vice president; Julius R. Kline, second vice presi dent; Frank N. Moore, secretary, and Harry W. Standidge, treasurer. The directors are Judge Daniel P. Trude, Daniel J. McMahon, Edward Maher, A. A. Worsley, Harry Brown, Henry R. Rathbone, Gustav E. Beerly, Rocco D. Stefano, J. Kent Greene, James J. O'Toole, Meyer Rossen and William Reeda. BAD PHONE SERVICE Oak Park has 50,000 inhabitants. It is in the Chicago telephone district, connected by L. roads, surface roads and good streets with Chicago which it adjoins. Yet the phone company soaks its inhabitants with exorbitant tolls. .The surface lines charge 18 cents carfare to reach it, and the phone company refuses to place the name of Oak Parkers in its Chicago telephone directory. Oak Park might just as well be in Germany or Poland so far as any recognition from the phone trust is concerned. It has no one to take its part and is the visi ble prey of hungry corporations with out hope of help. It might be added incidentally that the Phone Trust de livers its bills by personal message in Oak Park. In Chicago and else where it mails its monthly bills. This shows the wisdom of the Phone Trust. It takes three days for a letter or newspaper to reach Oak Park, by mail from Chicago. SMITH A WINNER FOR CITYTREASURER All Classes of Citizens are United in Backing Popular Alderman Clayton F. Smith's candidacy for City Treasurer is proving a popular one with all classes of people. . His splendid record in the City Council along with the fine record he made before as City Treasurer Is well known and his election by a large majority is predicted by everybody. RECORDERS OF URONGS Many people keep records of the wrong numbers they receive when try ing to telephone somebody. l FOUNDED 1888 Largest Weekly Circulation Ameny People of Influence and StanCng'