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Richmond planet. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1883-1938, July 30, 1898, Image 1

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VOL. XV. NO 33
>Nt? VTRQINTA. **?' '??' RI>AY. JULY 3d. !S9?.
He Proposes thal
onization of Cu
charge of
Charges that Arch Bish
erful at Washington
Heirn Struck
'Freedom's battle once begun.
" Bequeathed from bleeding sire to son,
'Though oft betrayed will yet be
"(live me liberty or give me death."
?Patiick Henry.
Pbovidsnce, R I, July 23. 1896.
The splendid letter of J. Thomas
Hewin. of Boston, to the Riehmoad
Planet, published in your tuition of
the Uth of July, is one of the most im?
portant contributions to the literature
of tbe war between Papal j uled Spain
and Papal-ruled Imperial America, yet
published, lt forces suddenly to the
front an issue, which, if pressed bv the
friends of liberty is sure to arou&e not
only the whole country, but the civil?
ised world.
Concurrent with General Garcia's
manly resenting of Gen. Shaffer's pro?
ceedings in Cuba (undt-r instructions
from Washington) and the President's
Cuban Proclamation (under prompt?
ing from Archbishop of Ireland) the
issue just raised cannot be suppressed
by all the irresponsible powers of pres?
idential military dictatorship at
Washington, even when combined with
Jesuitism and supported by a venal
press cowering basely under the lash
ot Papal censorship and the Catholic
Ne better place to raise this issue
and fight it to the end than Richmond,
Virginia; no better journal for the
work than the leading Afro-American
paper of the United States, "Thi Rich?
mond Planet." That mysterious thing
called the "Hand of Providence" ia ev?
idently in this matter, as it has been
in so many other affairs in humanity's
long struggle for freedom against des?
potism, superstition and priest-craft.
The issue thus raised involves ol ne?
cessity a rigid examination into the
character of the American government
itself. The time haa come to institute
that examination. The United Stated
under thia issue will be placed at the
bar of the civilized world.
Ia our government really a Republic
or a Plutocracy? Is America after all
a sham sailing under false colors?
This issue also involves the Republi?
can Papal coalition, an epoch making
event in history as much so as the re?
formation under Luther, the Protestant
succession in England, the Declara?
tion of American Independence, or tnt
French Revolution.
If the foul and damnable coalitior
known aa Hanna-Irelandism, is allow,
ed to stand, liberty in the New World
is at an end and the struggle for liber,
ty here must be at once transferred tc
Cuba and Canada. Free Cuba and thc
Republic of Canada being the counter
poise to the Papal Imperaliam whick
dow sword in hand controls ? very f une
tion of the American Government
Federal, state and municipal aa ii
commands all the controlling educa
tional and journalistic forces of thc
What are the facts ?
The central and important fact in thii
whole matter is that the revolution ii
Cuba was from the beginning, an Afro
Cuban Socialist up-rising against Span
lah tyranny, capitalistic greed and
priestly rule and rapacity, the churcl
[ a Military Col?
ba Take Place.
op Ireland is all Pow
?Declares that Mr.
the Key-note.
being the mainstay and prop of the en?
tire inf marion
It was a struggle, which from the
lim, aroused a universal revolution?
ary synipatrj . nowhere more power?
fully than in Spain itself. The Afro
Cuban revolt in Cuba drew to its side
lovers of liberty all over the world. In
t'. e United States it penetrated all
grades of society, aroi;s:ng the masses,
and alarming the Plutocracy. It di?
vided parties and sho.ik the fabric of
Jesuitism to its foundation.
The present war whieh has taken the
place of that holy cause, has from one
eaus** or another degenerated finally
in a bloody farce, the chief object of
which is to put down that revolution
in its socialistic aspect and fasten the
chains of Hanna, Irelandism? and col?
or-line barbarism and race despotism
in the name of stable government,
on the neets of those brave Afro
Cubans after all their sufferings and
heroic sacrifices for personal liberty
and political independence and prog?
Maceo. the great A fro-Cuban milita?
ry leader was a full blooded Negro
General Gomez ia an Afro-Cuban?i
quadroon. Nearly all the leaders and
fighters in the Cuban army of libera
tion are men, who if in South Carolina
Mississippi or Louisiana, would bt
made to ride in the "Jim Crow Cars,'
and would be refused the right to oe
cupy a private residence on Beacor
St., in Boston. You see the proposet
Afro-Cuban Republic was two close ti
our own Cuba and Armenia at th<
south to suit either the northern o:
southern plutocrats.
Too close to a smouldering volcani
of brutal oppression, and consequent!;
of revolutionary discontent. Proximi
ty dangerous. And this is why Afro
American troops from the Unitei
States, (immunes as well as fighters
to the number of 100,000 men were no
promptly thrown into Cuba at the out
break of the war, to join forces witl
Afro-Cuban Revolutionists there.
The fraternization of such forces wa
done to follow this joint occupation o
the Island, and the Afro-American in
vaders would also have remained oi
the island, and helped to govern it af
the war of liberation was over.
However, General Shafter is alread;
calling aloud for colored troops and hi
call ia destined to become louder am
Yellow jack is on the side of th
cause of humanity this time. In th
mean while Garcia and Gomez may aa
sert their self-respect and make th
Cuban army of liberation the nucleu
of one of the moat startling and dra
matic incidenta in human history.
And this is just what Hewin's lette
to The Planet is leading up to, In rn
opinion nothing can avert this "dra
matic incident" with such intellects a
Hewin's aroused and on the alert, an
to which special attention will be giv
en further along in thia letter.
It ia important to remember that th
Cuban leaders were fighting for th
practical realization in Cuba of thoa
sub'ime liberty ideals proclaimed b
the British-American colonists of 177
to a world in chains at the foot c
kings, parliaments, autocratic judgei
nobles, soldiers and priests.
Those sublime liberty ideals wer
i' overthrown by the Federal Imperia
When tbe Cuban revolution began, one of Spam't? heaviest purchases in the United States was barb wire. Tho*o
aands and thousands of miles of it were purchased and used by General Weyler in making tbe approaches to hie trochas
difficult. When General Shaf ter*B troops reached Santiago, they wero confronted by niiaf American barb wire fences,
thrrssajH* winch, as they noted with oonsiderable diamay, a charge must be made under a galling Ure before tho city
eould be taken by a laud attack.
Slave code compact of 17HP, the corner?
stone of which waa the recognition of
tne principles of the right of property
in man side by side with judicial ab?
solutism, (taught in all the public
schools as the "Divine Constitution"),
and which the Anti-Slavery man and
woman of America forty years ago spat
upon, defied, and declared truly to be.
"A Covenant with Satan and a
League with Death, Aye a Leaeue with
Death," as the white wage slave of the
North, (Ala Hazleton, Pa ,) also find?
ing out as well as the United jStates
postmaster in South Carolina murder?
ed in cold blood, whose sole off -nse be?
ing that he was a Negro.
To restore the liberty ideals of 1776.
and avoid the in p rialism (protected
and guarded by Parliamentarism)
which in the United States has wreck
ed those liberties, was from the first
the declared purpose of the Afro Cuban
leaders. They proposed to advance
along the line of progress. Such an
Afro-Cuban created Insular Switzer?
land as this at o ur very doors, was not
to be tolerated by the Hannas and
Dingleys, Pullmans, Wannamakers.
Carnegies, Rockefellers of America any
more than by the confederate white
aristocracy of the South.
Besides the Afro-Cubans proposed to
confiscate the church property and
other fabulous wealth robbed from the
the Cubans through centuri -*s of Priest
ly rule and intolerable oppression,
'that is why Arch bishop Ireland (and
who made McKinley President) has
been so active at Washington as the
confidential correspondent of Cardinal
Rampollu at Rome, in this entire Cu?
ban business.
This activity has extended down to
the late Cuban Proclamation of the
President. Let the intelligent reader
turn to that extraordinary document,
the terms of which are in defiance of
the will of Congress as embodied in the
joint concurrent resolution which
forced the secret hand of this same in?
triguing Jesuit and Ecclesiastic (Arch?
bishop Ireland) and hia ally at Rome,
Cardinal Rampollar.
Read the Proclamation carefully for
it is destined to become historic. Do
not miss that passage which must have
been written by Archbishop Ireland
himself, in which the American Presi?
dent is made to speak of 'law and ord?
er,"?"the sacredness of private and
church property" and of property eon
secrated and dedicated to the arts and
Pope blessed Weyler. "Arts and
sciences" in Cuba is rich. It is on a
par with Negro baiting civilisation in
South Carolina and Texa*.
As to our own Cuba, any white
scoundrel who wants to commit a se?
cret crime in the south can do so with
comparative immunity an i impunity.
All he has to do is to burn a piece of
cork and blacken nis face, and theo go
ahead, liapr, murder, argon,?it is im?
material which.
He can, after the crime, lead a mob
and seize the first Negro who comes
along and charge him with the crime.
After the black scape-goat is done for,
announces that "he confessed'" Then
call a meeting of the best citizens to
deplore the ead event. Follow this up
by an editorial paragraph in tha Bea?
ton Herald, that tne editors are not
surprised at the southern mode of
dealing with "black fiends" and the
performance is complete.
a harlot's privilegs.
Any professional white harlot at the
south can make a local heroine of her?
self, and regain social recognition by
accusing what is called "a black fiend"
with assault, and some innocent and
helpless Negro is forthwith burned
alive, the harlot applying the torch.
And all this upon the unsupported ac?
cusation of a woman whose oath
would not be taken by an intelligent
unbiased jury in any ordinary action
of law. On such law, the victim alao
"confesses" lhere is "deep regret"
from the "best citizens" and such
nothern papers as the Boston Herald,
are promptly on hand to apologize for
and condone the crime.
to keep the sooth bolid.
It is perfectly well known that what
is known as the "Nigger Racket" ia a
systematic game in southern politics
to keep the south "solid" for Tammany
Hall, which is only another name for
'Holy Pope" in American affairs. So
it is all along the line.
Speaking of gods in this connection
it only remains to say that McKinley's
God "besting" Spain's God at Manila
and Santiago, simply serves to bring
out in strong relief the fact that ac?
cording to strict orthodox superstition
the ''faithful" of the Roman Catholic
gang can plausibly claim that the
Pope's God "bested" them both, for
Cardinal Rampollais on top in Europe,
and hil co-ecclesiastic cloie friend and
political ally Archbishop Ireland is on
:op in the United States
The Question which must be answer?
ed in the face of such faflte as these nt
such a time aa this ss, Shall the Lib?
erty Cause in Cuba be thu* betrayed
md sacrificed without a determined
?eslstance by liberty men and women
everywhere ? t-*ball Hanna Irelandism
inked to color-line barbarism be
.Uowed to be piac-d on the necks of
,he brave Revolutionist of Cuba, and
;be Phillipine Islands in the name of
ind by the power ar d authority of Im
aerialized Pope-ruled America ?
In a word, is this the first step in the
New American Imperialism which Eu?
rope is watching so intently ?
That is the question. It is a ques?
tion which submerges all others. If
res, then Americans, white as well as
black, must prepare for the sam yoke
at home.
Do I then under-estlmate the impor?
tance of the issue raised by Mr. Hew?
in's letter to the Richmond Planet 7
Do I under-estimate the tremendous
responsibility which has thus suddenly
been laid at the feet of its editor? How
will tne Planet meet this Supreme call
to duty ?
I ask the question because the
American Negro cannot become the al?
ly of Imperialism without enslaving
his own race. Before you answer the
question, remember Crispus Attucks
that brave Negro who led what waa
sailed'The Boston Hiot" against the
king's authority backed by the King's
It web this daring revolutionary act
of a Negro in the atreeta of Boston
which lighted the fires of the Revolu?
tion of 1776, and made Patrick Henry
of Virginia exclaim "Give me Liberty
or give me Death." There is an in?
vincible power in the mere word "lib?
There is a Divine power in individual
unsupported human courage from the
poor friendless monk, Martin Luther
facing the whole power of Rome, when
Rome was supreme over the world
down to John Brown facing the whole
power of slave-ruled America.
Whether in the lonely prison'i cell
On scaffold high;
Or in the faging battle! van,
His Advance Guard Hoist3 Our
Flag in Porto Rico.
Four <>r tin- Kia**111/ Kitto*] and tho
Re** Put to 1-lli-Mt. WhllcOiir s?,i
Utofsj g-tiiir**r l iilii.iiir'-il- Tho Satire
loree I.;. ii.U-?I Ullin.ut Mishap.
Of Guanica. r**orta ' Bl.'
Thomas. I>. W. I.. July IL?The United;
BtatCSJ military .\;. litton Under the:
command <>t r*.;.-1j ?!? General Nelson A.'
Miles was landed Inn- successfully on j
Mond irintata witta a de-j
tarhim nt of thc ftpantatl tTOoeO and a'
i :;o halonalng to the launch of j
Oat Unite*! States auixiliary gunboat I
Gloucester, formerly air. J. riorponti
Murgan's stearn yacht Cor?lift Four of:
I a killed and no j
Americana wera tanrt.
The American troops will be pushed ;
foi wald promptly m order to capture j
the railroad lead.nj; to Ponce, which is
only about ten miks east of this .
From PaSSUS there is an excellent mill-j
tary road runing Bl miles north te San j
At noon on Monday General Miles
called for a consultation. aiinoun.Mp'
that he was determined not to go by
San Juan cape, but by the Mona pas?
sage Instead, land here, surprise tbe
Spaniards and deceive their military
authorities. The course was then
changed arni the Dixie was sent to
waru General Brooke at Capo San Juan.
Karly Monday morning* the
ter, in charge of Lieutenant Com- !
mander Wainwright, steamed into j
Guanica harbor in order to reconnoiter
the place. With the lleet waiting out?
side, the gallant little fighting yacht
Gloucester braved the mines which
were supposed to be in this harbor and
found that there were five fathoms of
water clos*e in shore. Guanica Hay is
a quiet place, surrounded by cultivated
lands. In tbe rear are high mountains, j
and close to thf> beach nestles a village ;
of about 21 houses.
The Spaniards were completely taken !
by surprise. Almost the first they knew j
of the approach of the army of in- I
vaslon was tn the announcement con?
tained in tbe tiring of a gun from the
Gloucester, demanding ttaat Um H
lards haul down Un which was
floating from Uta flagstaff in front of
a blockhouse standing to the east of.
the village. Thc Hist couple of throe
pounders were flied into the hills ri^lit j
and left of the bay. purposely avoiding j
the town, lest the projectile hurt wo- \
men or children. The Gloucester then j
hove to within about 600 yards of the
shore and lowered a launch, having on
board a Colt rapid fire gun, and 30 men
under the command of Lieutenant
Huse, which was sent ashore without
encountering opposition.
Quartermaster Bock thereupon told
Yeoman Lacy to haul down the Span?
ish flag, which was done, and they
then raised on the flagstaff the first
United States flag to float over Porto
Rican solL
Suddenly about 30 Spaniards opened
fire with Mauser rifles on the Ameri?
can party. Lieutenant Huse and his
men responded with great gallantry,
the Colt gun doing effective work- Nor
mon, who received Admiral Cervera's
surrender, and Wood, a volunteer lieu?
tenant, shared the honors with Lieu?
tenant Huse.
Almost Immediately after trie Span?
iards fired on the Americans the Glou?
cester opened fire on the enemy with all
her 3 and 6 pounders which could be
brought to bear, shelling the town and
also dropping shells Into the hills to
the west of Guanica, where a number of
Spanish cavalry were to be seen
hastening toward the spot where the
Americans landed.
Lieutenant Huse then threw np a
little fort, which he named Fort Wain?
wright, and laid barbed wire in the
street in front of lt in order to repel the
expected cavalry attack. The lieuten?
ant also mounted the Colt gun and
signalled for reinforcements, which
wer*?sent from the Gloucester.
Presently a few of the Spanish cav?
alry Joined those who were fighting in
the street of Guanica, but the Colt
barked to a purpose, killing four.
By that time the Gloucester had the
range of the town ar.d of the block?
house, and all her guns were spitting
fire, the doctor and the paymaster
helping to serve the guns.
Soon afterwards white coated, gal?
loping cavalrymen were seen climbing
the hills to the westward and the foot
soldier* were scurrying along tha
fences from the town.
By 9:45, with the exception of a few
guerilla shots, the town was won and
tha enemy driven out of ito neighbor?
After Lieutenant Huse had captured
the place he deployed hla email force
into tha suburbs. But he waa soon
reinforced by the regulars, who wore
followed hy Company O of tho Sixth
Illlnota, and than by other troops tn
quick succession. Alt tha boata of ttae
man-of-war and the tranaporta ware
used tn ttae work of landing tho troops,
each steam launch towing four or Ava
boata loaded to the rails with soldiers.
But everything progressed in an or?
derly manner and according te tho
plano of General tal ll aa nie latter
went ashore at about noon, after stop?
ping to board tha Gloucester and thank
Lieutenant Commander Wainwright
for hts gallant action.
Guajnlca.la the most lovely. sjiPt x*t
Prom >tions And Changes.
The Boys Cheerful.?Many
\ 1st Batt . 6th Km.imsnt,
I Infantry U. 9. V..
Oaatr <?< kiun. Va., July 26th, 88.
Companies E and F. of Petersburg
under command of Captain* Hill and
Webb respectively, have reached camp
and where or ce t-a&a ** ilderness io
now a tented city tilled with life and
enthusiasm from the boys in bluo, who
have given up th**ir homes and are
preparing lo risk their lives in the de?
fense of their country's honor.
We now have52-5 menin camp, and a
happier or more, contented lot would
be hard to li id. The Battalion has
been thrown inti the 6th Regiment
and quite a Iarg^- number of appoint?
ments and promotions have been mode
on this acc.unt.
Second Lieut. W. H. Anderson haa
been deta?hed from Co. C, and ap?
pointed Adjutant of the camp. Lieut.
Ii. A. Johnson has been appointed Ser
geant-Mfij t. Corporals ti. C. Carter,
of Co. C, Jospph Brown of Co. B, of
Richmond, Charlea Butler of Co. E?
Matthew Bell of Co. F, of Petersburg,
have been detached from their re?
spective companies, and appointed to
tbe color guard, with Richard Fergu?
son of Co. A, aa the Color-bearer. The
olivers have been highly hon?
ored by a short vieit from .vira. Frank
White and Mias Lelia A. Johnson, re?
spectively daughter and niece of the
Maj r. Major Johns tn makes an im?
posing appearance as he rides between
the Linea mounted upon his tiry iron
gray war steed.
Lieut. Wyche is fast improving, and
his appearance surprises his friends.
Captain B. A. Graves, of Co. C, ia one
of the most popular officers in camp,
and is the pride of his men.
The troemben of Co. C extend their
i heart-felt thanks to Messrs. Chris.
; Jackson, Sydney Mayo. Everett John?
son, Winston Payne, James Royall and
| others, who furnished each tent with
| smoking and chewing tobacco and ci
I garettes from the P. H Mayo and Al
| len A Ginter tobacco companies. Thia
j company has carried off the honors of
' the camp by making a surprise attack
on Co. B, under command of Lieut.
Wyche, and completely annihilated
it J he company waa unier command
of Lieut. S. B. Randolph.
The hospital is in charge of Hospital
Stewards drown and McNaughton.
The members of the difJVrr-nt com?
panies have been invited to be present
at the Y. M. C. A. tent this evening for
' the formation of a Literary Society.
Every night the men have a Vaude?
ville Show. A large number of the
men are good dancers and singers in
camp and the numbers on the program
are tilled alternately by the members
cf the different companies.
T. M. C. A. NOTES.
Th* soldiers hailed with great joy
the establishment of the Y M. C. A.
tent at the camp. Un to this event,
including two weeks since the first
company was mustered in, no religi?
ous services had been, excepts few
prayer meetings, held in tents, by a
small number of spiritually inclined
The Y. M. C. A. tent is 20x40 in siae,
and is furnished with 110 chairs, two
long tables, ink, pens, paper, envel?
opes, organ, Gospel hymnals, testa?
ments, religious literature and news?
The soldiers are allowed to visit the
tent when they are off duty, and to use
any of the conveniences. Except when
on duty, the tent is crowded with men
?nome writing letters home, others
reading, and still others amusing
themselves as they see fit. The privi?
lege of writing letters home is very
highly appreciated by both officers aud
men. 171 letters were written in the
tent last 'rionday and an average of
100 are written daily.
From 4 to 7 P. M. religious meetings
will be held in this tent every day. snd
it is in these meetings, that the real
object of the Association comes into
Although not more than 200 soldiers
at a time can attend a meeting in the
Y. M. C. A. at Camp Corbin, yet the
sound of the songs, prayers and gospel
talks ean be heard by a majority of the
630 men now on the grounds. It is the
endeavor of the Association to assist
the Christian soldiers at this place to
hold up the banner of Christ, during
their pilgrimage from home, and to
lead those who are out of Christ to ac?
cept Him ss their Saviour.
There is a very small amount ot
sickness in camp, mostly among the
troops from Petersburg, none however
are serious. Corporal Wm. H. Cox
! bas been granted a sick leave and re?
turned home. Ham*

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