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._BW,?l 311 North 4th St r.-,t. Richmond, Va. ?*?***?? niTcrlELL, JR., - EDITOR tf?t_*e ?r?rr.'?iinnle*\Mo"ri?i Intended for publication . .' '?'si'i-t SDiistu rewhus by Widni-ttday j? TEKMS IN ADVANCE. ?. .._? CopT, onr. T?_r, .... $1.50 VJ-r-t*? iVpy, eight months. ... _.oo ??aa C?*aj>y,si.x 111? It}/h ?, ? ? ? ? ?) .?*?*? t*opy, four months, ... jo 'rTteafs<*inpV. three month?, ... .40 ?_-a___a Copy.. _? ADVERTISING RATES. ?*t_r en?? inch, one insertion. - ? $ 50 twr ?'lip inch, each subsequ?*nt insertion. 25 O-r two ir?cht*s, three mo-nths, ? 6.00 '-*??_? two im-hes, six monti?. - - 10 U0 *???? two inch??*! nine month.-?, ? ? ? 14 00 4"-_r t_avo inche-s, twolv?* month?*, ? ? ?O.00 ?*e_rr?R|re and ???p????1 Ntrttoet?, ... 60 ?-t-tnihng and Tran-m?-1 Nut ????.-. pt t lina, 1> ?St-VOSTAQV STAMPS OF A HIGHER DE ?aOMINATlON THAN TWO CENTS NOT _ RECEIVED ON SUBSCKEPT10NS ? Pt.A m?t V? l.?*s*a?->d woekly. Tho .?nibt-iprip ?_-_- price ta $150 a year. In advance. ?--?.??-?*. are lOtTR watt? by which mon,-*r can be eea_i*y mail at our risk :?In a P?3t?t ?Ofl?ce Mon ? Order, by BenkChisck or Draft, or an Ex laaaa M? ney Order and wlx'n none of thtste ?O mo procured, in a Registered L. -I ter. ?otr.v Orderb ?Yon can bar a Money Ord ?r?_yt>ur Post-OfBce, payable atthoRichmond *??_?.v<?n*ioe, and wewill be reeponeible for Ite ?Ov am val. _?n?Rt-ss WosetOrdftw can be ??*-_????? at -_t_r ofB?*e of the American Express ?JO., the iTmtted States Express Co., and the V?Vh ? Far -???. und Cn.'s ESxpre** Company. We will be re ^??t???)!?? fer ??<*??'t s?>nt hy any of thes?? com ?-*<n_?s. The Express Money" Order is n wife *-od ?rofivenient way for forwarding money. *RBGi?*-TT*R'*n LrrritR.?If a Money Order f\m& ?Office or an Expr??ss Office ft not ?-a-ithin .at-ntar reach, your Postmaster will Rcpi-ster the _aaaaf von ?vish tosend t?s on paynifnt of te? ?rtntx ' Then, if the letter islostorstolen.lt -*-_? be ??ra?*?*d. 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M.-tr-Wi-tenwritin-? to ru _-? r?'n?'W your subscription or to discontinu.? vn-r parwr, you should give your name and ad li-ptm in f?iU otherwu-a we ??.a?-?. ?3-a?? vo'vr *__??? cr. our ??t.???. ?n*>'Qi! or Addrkw -Tn order to cuant?e ?"???e-kdi-ess of a sul*scril)?>r. we must be eent .*-?*?3?)*?!G as well as tho present addr?B?-s. -rfttrtei-i-d In the Post Offic?? at ^hmond, f_? ?>? ?aWvwvd Clai-i ?-~-t?_?-. aa, ?\JATURDAY . . . . APRIL 0. 1904 We have received the "Kuoxville DtolleKo Bulletin." for March. It con **4Bi_ie many creditable illustrations. Editor D. R. W i ?kins of the Chica ?go Conskrvat?-?r lias been "etijoyin?*?" ?tL??, '-pleasures" of a libtu suit, and an ?ftt?_nces that, he won out. 1 G KT behind,'* Mr. Ne pro savstheVir . 'a:.? Passenger and Power Company. <*? the railroad trains, they say, "Gat tr front." Whkre are all th?ise libernl minded ?tvhlte men, who dist-ouTitenatioed the ?wtirring up of ra?*e-pr??judie?;' They neem to have "gone 'w a y ba k and eat -.'own." The ".Tim Orow" street-ear service .**r.i Richmond is an innovation to which tie progressive, independent colored ptBople of this city will hardly care to -p-hniit. Walking is good now,?let us w-Jk Ihk Cclored American Maoaztnb To* April is an ex?*?*ptionally fine num "i?fii Mr. J?i?v C. Freitxd V rnntribu 13.in ?m "A Trip to Paradisn' ?- ? most -etjting feature. He pays ? slowing i-rj.bate to the inhabitants of Jamaica -??/ad seems to have been deeply i:npress **jd with what he saw there. The Roanoke, Va., Daily Pre.?:?? ia a thoroughly up-to-date journal and re iect.s great credit upon the manage "aaert and tlie city in wh'oh it is locat? ed, provided it can bo made a paying institution. li the public will not strongly second the efforts of the progressive business tener., who have made the venture, it ??nil deserve all of the condemnation ?.nd discredit that its failure would en Eatil. We wish the new ventare abund ??'? success. The Viruixia Baptist Statk Cox 3-entiox will meet in Washington, D. O , in May and every Baptist Church ?*hoa'd do its duty in the matter of rais ;vg money to defray tho expenses of the And body Virginia Theological Semi? nary AND COLLEGE. It is nnfortnnate that it is necessary ie make euch urgent appe.ils for sup? port? and it is to be hop*1 that a more systematic effort will hereafter be made ?ander Rev. Dr. R. H. Bollino *s superb leadership to raise fifteen thousand dol? lar? per annum. It can be done. Much of the time of President G. W. Hayes could be saved to the school, if *J?e money could be raised with less ef ?ori. He has done a grand work in th? face of almost insurmountable diffi -r.oltiefi and his directing ability and ?killed leadership are needed at the ^?nUegiate institution of which he is the ??TioiaJ head. Ia3t us apportion tho expense and rame the money. If we be for our ?selves, it will matter little at this time, who is against us. THE S(?FKIUI.'KI' VSKS AKUUEIH. Hon. John S. Wise of New York ar? gued the oase of Jones et al versus the State Board of Canvassers ani Sum*?? and others versus the same on last Mon? day before tue Supreme Court of the United States aud thus rung down the curtain in the last act of the drama in this state. He had both the law and the argument on his side, bai he spoke to men with deaf ?ear?,. They listened and that was all, for there was hardly a conservative person present, bat what knew that they were simply complying with the forms of law by listening to Mr. Wise's speech. One of the cases partook of the na? ture of a moot case inasmuch as Mr. Wise was asking the Supreme Court to restrain the State Board ot Canvassers from canvassing the vote of Virginia, for the Congressmen, when as a matter of fact the vote had already been can? vassed and the Oongressmeu-elect seat? ed. We regret to note the steady trend of affairs against us, bat no student of history will lose heart. Other races have met with similar set-backs, but the hand of G on may be seen through it all and great principles will survive aud in the end be triumphant. ??JIM-CROW STKKKT-CARK. The Viro i ni a Passcnger and Po?vbr Company of this city announce.? that it will separate the races in the street-cars in this city. It is not required to do this by any law enacted by the legisla ture of Virginia, but so far as we have been able to observo such discrimination is optional with the company. We do not know a place where there is less friction on the street-cars than iu this city and yet without any action by our city council, the company proceeds to announce its purpose and states that I the rear of the street-cars will be for ; Negroes and the front part for white people and any of its conductors can, whenever they see fit cause a colored persou, male or female, to get up aud make room for any other person. We hope that our people will comply with the rule or law, if they ride on the street-cars. To get on there aud "jaw" at the conductors will afford some satis? faction, but it will not pay iu the long ! run or the short one either. The evi ' deut intention of the Negro-haters is to foster bad feeling between tho races ! and to force the colored people to com? mit some overt ?ct which will be used as arjiuuient. to prove that their deeire and purpose is to over-ride the law. We are of the opinion that this is a . good time to stay off the street-cars. ! The good Lord has blessed most of us ' with big feet and we see no reason why we should not start early to work and ; proceed to use them. If the entire col? ored population or at least ninety per cent of it would agree to make the .??aerifico and walk for a year, the agony produced, on the white umii's nerve ce?? ir?, which is his pocket, would tend to cau.se an amelioration of our condition. We never believed that such exhibi? tions of rank race prejudice would take plftOt here and it follows too closely \it ?iii our ?limin?t ion as a political factor. If colored people go on the street-e ars. obey the regulations of the company, but our advice is to walk and sweat, ?show to this corporation that independ? ence aud liberty are sweet aud the day ot the time-server is past. We ho-.iu that there may be no trouble; but should it come, it will uot be because we did not warn the colored population in time. Suit yourselves in tlie matter. *}ut above all things, conduct your .selves, colored people, sa become a well-bred, but long-suffering people. v\ ulkiug is good now. Stay off the streec-cars! K. THIKKIKLirs C0MCL?810?. D :. W. P. Thikkield's conclusion of hi.? .ddross on 'The Industrial and Hi?, er Education of the Negro" is as pr.i. eworthy as any other portion ot" it. I.'? said: A am, by the docree of the whites of th? coutil, tho Negro is becoming more mi ! more a race apart. An ignorant people has a hard, rough path upward, evei. when it has sonm fellowship iu th? civil and moral, the intellectual and r? lieti us life with rhose who havo tuner ed upon the larger and higher life. Under slavery the Negro m:ule rapid strides out of s:iv:i??vry b-enuse o? his nssociation in tho homo aud in im? I'hurch with those who eiijoynl super ermr advantages, lie <>tu*n hear?! me bent preaching. His mimi was thus trained to systematic thoaght. He iearnod mu?di Scripture. He put P-jalm and prophecv into song. He aJCfl into the strains of immortal melodies the pa? thetic history of Israel. He got ideas of law and order, the power of sustained work, the English language, aud in? struction in the Chnstiau religion .-with? out whi -h practical ?education the mar velous history of the first genera? ion ont of bondage never could have been written. Now, since by decree he is shut out from this fellowship in the civil and religious life of the Anglo-Saxon, and is largely shut up to his own Church, his own school, and i crowded out of political life and thought almost entirely, how imperative it is that he has, as leaders aud helpers, those who have the strength and wisdom and self-control that come through the higher train? ing! He discussed the isolation of the Negro ts follows: " Without such leaders, teachers, moral and spiritual helpers, tbe future of the masses of the race is hopeless. Realize the situation; they are sur? rounded by a strong and dominant ? ?? ople, a race that has mastered and j subjected every race with which it has come iu contact?the race of Saxons i that first conquered their conquerors; that subdued and now rule? the two huudred millions of India, that, throngh the Pilgrim Fathers, in America first 'fell on it? knees, and then on the Aboriginees, ' cruelly robbing them of their lauds, that laid its hands on Aus? tralia and drove its inhabitants from its coasts? that has almost wiped out the native population of New Zealand;?a race, the vices of whose civilization have decentiuated, yea, almost destroyed, the Sandwich Islanders; a race that has now its hand on Africa - a beneficent and civilizing hand, but a mailed hand; a haughty and imperial race which, though it comprises only oue-flfteenth part of mankind, now rules one third of the earth's surface, and one-fourth of all' its people*. This is the race with which the Negro of America stands face to face, and must wrestle, hand to hand, and brain with brain, iu working out its destiny. No race ever faced a sterner problem." The above is a caustic condemnation of the avariciousnose of the Saxon race He tells the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. He continued; " Mr. Blair, of Virginia, an ex-Con? federate, ten years ago, with candor aud truthfuluesa, thus emphasized the sit? uation: ' What is the S >arheru problem, aud its solution ? The Southern problem is the settled determination of the ? hites to ignore th? equality of Negroes, deprive them of rights, keep them in absolute subjection, aud suppress them as men and citizens. Coercion is ruin? ing the South.' ?Think of their environment, And, in the long run. this means more than heredity. Thoughtful Southern men see alarming elemeuts iu the situation. The masses of the people are being gradually crowded down into the Black Belt, away from civilization; down into the dark deltas of the Mississippi, and into horrible swamps of Arkansas, and into the bayous of Louisiana, where even 'he light is darkness, and where lien laws biud a million to the soil in practical peonage. These millions of the race are so cowed down by enforced servility to the white man, who has the wealth aud power ?n his hands; so cut off are these masses from all knowledge of the world aud civic aspiration and rational religious life, that the danger is that as mere tillers of the soil, or hire? lings of men, all hope for a competency, and ambition for the higher life, shall be crushed out of them, 'till they cry out in the hopelessness of despair, in the language of Mrs. Brownings 'Runaway Slave.' "1 am black, I am black, but God made me they say But if He did so. smiting back, He must have cast his work away Under the feet of His white creatures with a look of scorn, That dusky features might be trod? den again to cl iy. " The above statement is a word picture of existing conditions. He tells of the needs of the Negro and does it in the following graceful lau guage. " Tho Negro race, facing such con? ditions, needs a body of edacatod men as their leaders and helpers. Men iu touch with the higher life of the world; men who know history; men who know ?f the struggles ami triumphs of oppr ?.? ?ed peoples in past am s; men who havo intelligent trust and strength of pur? pose, based on a large kuowledge of the part which Providence has played in the destinies of nations and peoples; large-minded, virile men, who can leel with Gladstone, in crucial hours, exult ing over opponents, ?ven in defeat: ?Tune and almighty tru'h are on our | side; by their ani we will evontu.illy j carry tha banner <?f triumph uustuiucn, ? without rout or tailor, through the intorni,' men who can hold aloft th torch of hope, lightoo on the flaming | altar of the world's undying literature <.f liberty; men who, in the straggle for human rights and tree?loin can ring; 'Milton is for us, Shakespeare is for us, Burns, 'Shelley, they speak from their graves,' men who, in MM MD ordeal through which every race that has risen to power t?as had to march, have simriug in their ?souls tin spirit ot WordsWoitli, in his ode to Touissant l.'0\enure: 'The? hast p ?.vers that shall work for thoe. Air. earth and skies; There is not a breathing of tho common wind That can lorget th? e; Thou h*st great allies; The frieuds ai? exultation, agon? ies prayer?, ami love, And man's unconquerable mind.'" And again: "It is the man of courage aud f-iith? a ourage MM physical but motal; a high suuleil cour.ige in which the sense ?if immortality is strong; a courage, the very smew .-nt wham have been Wrought into steel bv his mental wrestlings with the mighty problema ?if thought an?! ib st i nv, forcea on him iu the higher life and ??ducat nui?that will sustain the Ne? gro in the hard and stiei.u >us battle t? r the higher i ??.for civil r:glns and po'v cal ?'n:rancaih?uient ami for ?Ldustrial emancipation. *' Lim olii may break chains that fet? ter the feet au?i enslave the bo?ly, but ', the emancipation of mimi and spirit must be wrought ?mt by the Negro for himself. And the ?'manciparon, of the human race, the mighty ni-ii who nave wrought ????? civ.l j?ii?l religitius fre? <l?>m fur oppresseci people?-, h.v?? come loi frtiin the gyniut-sta ?it the work-shops, ?OCfiaaaaaa preparatory or industrial sell.mis, but from ihe colleges. Call tne roll of the spiritual emancipa tf.rs ?if men, aud Calvin answers fr?)in the Oollege of ?xeiiev.i; Luther from the University ?if vv iueulierg; Jerome from r!n? G diversities ol Paris and Prague; Wiciif li-tri Weslt-y from Oxford; Glati- ; sroue froin the clot-sic hulls otCambridge. Therefore, let us chug to the higher education for the elect sous aud virile munis ?if every race as the very sheet anchor of their h >.i>.*s, and ttie basis of their true eutraucuisemeut among men." But we have reached the conclusion ' of this truly remai kable address. Whether it results iu our weal or our ! woe, it is best that all thai he has said should be stated now. Selah. MK. PAGE AM) THE Ml?l?O. Mr. Thomas Nelson Page continues his discussiou of "The Negro: The Southerner's Problem" in the April number of McClire's Maoazine. He says: "Having dascribed the relation between the W h ii.-s and the Blacks of the South when emancipa. n>n came, aud shown that it was never more kindly, it re? mains to show what changes have taken place since that time; how these changes have oome about, and what errors have beota committed which still affect the two races. The dissension which has come be? tween the twc races has either been sown since the Negro's emancipation or is inherent in tho now conditions that have arisen. When the War closed, and the emancipation of tho Negroes became an established fact, tho first pressing ne? cessity in tho South was to secure the means of living; for, in sections where the armies had boon, the country had been swept clean, and in all sections the entire labor system was disorganized The internal management of the whole South, from the general government of tho Confederato States to tho domestic arrangement of tho simplest household, had fallen to pieces. In most instances?indeed, inali of which tho writer has any knowledge? the old ma.?ters informed their servante that their home?} were still open to them,and that if they were willing to re? main and work, they would do all in their power to help thorn. But to re? niai u in the first radiant ho'idnyof free? dom, was. perhaps, moro than could be expected of huiuan nature, aud most of the Blacks wont off for a time, though later a largo number of them returned. ?a a little while the country was filled with an army of occupation, and tho Negroes moved partly by curiosity, partly by the strangeness of the situa? tion, and, perhaps mainly, by the lure of the rations which the government immediately began to distribute, not un? naturally flocked to tho ? *?t of the local garrison, leaving the fields unworkod j aud tho crops to go to destruction. " He faithfully portrays conditions at ? the close of tho War when says: ' ' From the first, the conduct of the ! North towards tho Negro was founded ! on the following principles: First, that j all men aro equal, aud that the Negro is the equal of tho White; secondly, that j he needed to bo sustained by tho Gov? ernment; and thirdly, that the interests ! of tho Negro and the White were necessarily opposed, and that tho Negro needed protection agaiust tho White. The South has always maintained that these were fundamental errors. " We subscribo to these priuciplos now. All men aro legally equal and it is bet ter expressed by the phrase, "equality before the law." Mr. Paob knows this. He knows that all white menare pot equal, but ho knows, too. that they aro presumed to ? bo equal before the law. When Mr. Paob argues that, a man is inferior to another man simply ou ac? count of his color, he knows that ho be? lies history and attacks the fundament? al principles of the government itself. The Negro did not need to be sus? tained oy the government per se, but the laws of tho land should have been upheld by the government, and the cit- ? i/.eu of color would have been iucideut ally the beneficiary of such action. That the Negro ntedod the protection ai?aiust the Whites?synonym for Red Shirts, White Caps, Kin Klux Klans and the like now admits of no question. I He should either have been protected or left with arms and ammunition with ??hieb to protect himself. Mr. Paob mfaajba truly when he states that "the South has always maintained that these were fundament errore."? Mr. Page coutinuod: " The chief troublo that arose between the two races in the South after the War grew out of the ignorance at the North of the actual conditions at the South, and the ignorance at t? e South of the tempT and the power of the North. The North b heved that the >iegro was, or might be macie,the actual equal of the White, and that the South not only re j. <t<d this dogma, but, further, that the S mtb did not accept emancipation with sincerity, and would do all in its power to nullify the work which had already lu en accomplished, and hold tho Ne ?lOaa !? quasi sirvitnde. The South held that the Negro was uot the equal of the White, aud further held that, suddenly released from slavery, he must be controlled aud com pclled to work." The above was uuqnestiouably the South's position, and agiiust this posi? tion the abilities of every intelligent citizen are concentrated. Any discrim? ination based on race or color is antago? nized. Any discrimination base a on cond? ? ion is accepted. The one closta the door of hope to u?j; the other places it within our own power to enter,by the improvement of that condition against which complaint is made. Mr. Page continues: ?* Thus, the South holds that the question is vastly more far-reaching than the North deems it to be; that, in tleed, it g?>es t*i the very foundation of race preservation. And this couteutiou, so far from beiug a mere political tenet, is hehl by the entire White population o* the South,as the most passionate dogma ?if the White race. This confusi?n of deli ni fions has in the past resulted in untold evil, and it is of the utmost importance that the truth, whatever it is, should be estati lished. When this shall be accomplish? ed, and done so cleurly that both shies shall accept it, the chief difficulty iu toa way of complete understanding will tie observed. S?j l?mg as the two sect unis are divided upon it, the question will never be settled. As soon as they unite in one view, it will settle itselt on the only ?"?uud foundation?that of un? impeachable economic truth. " He expresaes his views clearly ami says further: " Teachers and money had come frin? rhe North lot the eijucMtioii of the Ne? groes, an?l many schools were opened. Hut the teachers, at first, as devoted as nntny of them were, by their unwisdom alienated the good-will of the Whites and frustrated mudi of the good whic ? they might have accomplished. They might have been regarded with disrrusr in any case, for no people look wich favor on the missionaries who come to instruct them as to matters of which they feel they know more than the mis? sionaries aud the South regarded jeal? ously any teaching of tbe Negroes which looked towards equality. The new missionaries went counter to the deepest preju?iic? of the Southern people. They lived with the Negroes, consorting with, them and appearing with them on terms of apparent iutimacy, and were believed to teach social equality, a doctrine which was the surest of all to arouse enmity then as now. The result was thai hostility, to the public school sys? tem sprang up for a time. In some aaOt-Uaaa violence was resorted to by tne rougher element, though it was of short duration, aud was always confined to a small territory. Before long, however, I this form of opposition disappeared and ? tho public school system became an es? tablished fact. " It can be readily seen from Mr. Pa.ikV own admissions that tho north? ern white ech?ool-rnarms wore unwel? come* visitors in tho Southland and were as mach ostracized as tho poor, despised Negroes. And again: " The next step in the alienation of the races was tho formation of tho sec? ret order of the Union League. The meetings were hold at night,with closed doors, and with pickets guarding the approaches, and were generally under the direction of tho most hostile mem ben of tho Freed man's Bureau. Tho Whites regarded this movement with serious misgivings, as well they might, for, having as its basic principle the consolidation of the Negro race against the White race, it banded tho Negroes iu an organization which, with the ex? ception of tho Confederate Army, waa the most complete that has ever been known in tho South, and tho fruits of which still survive to-day. Without going into the qu ?stum af tho charges that it taught the most inflammatory doctrines, it may bo asserted without fear of question that its teaching was to alionate the Negroes from the whites;to withdraw them wholly from reliance on their former masters, and to drill into their minds the imperative uecoosity of adherence to their now leaders, and those whom they represented. " He continues his narrative: " Then came the worst enemy that either race had ever had the post-bellum politician. The problem was already sufficiently complicated when politics wore injected into it. Well might Gene? ral Lee say with a wise knowledge of men: 'The real war has just begun.' No sooner had the Southern armios laid down their guns and the groat armies of tho North who had saved'the Union dis? banded, than the vultures who had been waiting in the secure distance, gathered to the feast. Tho act of a madman had removed the wisest, most catholic, most conservative, and ablest leader, one whose last thoughts almost had been to ' restore tho Union,' by restoring the government of the Southern States along constitutional lines; and well the politicians used tho unhappy tragedy for their purposes Those who had been most cowardly in war wore bravest in peace, now that i>eace had come. Even in Mr. Lincoln's time tho radical leaders in Congress had made a strenuous fight to carry out their views, and their hos? tility to his plan of pacification and re? construction was expressed with hardly less viudictivenoss than they exhibited later towards his successor. " In tho above, ho recoguizes the fact that John Wilkes Booth, tho dastard? ly assassin of President Abraham Lin? coln was the worst enemy tho south ever had. It paved the way. not only to fre'.. dorn lor the Neorro, but to the franchise I af well. He observed: " The Southern people, unhappily, acted precisely as this eleniout wished ! them to act; for they were ?sore, unquell- ? ed, and angry, and they met denuncia? tion with defiance. " He saye: " Then eame the crowning error: the practical carrying out of tlie theories by infusing into the body politic a ??a hole race just emerging from slavery, j Tho most intelligent and conservativo class of tho Whites were disfranchised; ! the entire adult Negro population were enfranchised. It is useless to discuss the motives with which this was done. No matter v.hat the motives, it was a national blunder; in its way as great a blunder as secession. " Opinions differ, Mr. Page. Wo arc not ready to say that it was a blunder and wo will argue tho question from any logical standpoint with the confi? dence that we cau establish tho fact that it was one of tho wisest measure*? over vouchsafed iu the freeing of any people. The colored people's progress is ad? mitted to be phenomenal. When we say that the suffrage was responsible for much of it, we toll no secret, for it should be known of all men. If the enfranchisement of tho Negro was a failure, theu popular suffrage is a failure and the government of Wash? ington, Jefferson and Lincoln should be banished from the earth. JAPANESE NOW HOLD All OF KOREA G?? Mikado's Scouts Entered Wiju Monday Morning. RUSSIANS RECROSS THE YALU First Stage of Japan's Campaign Is Ended?Russian Army Playing a ( Waiting Game, Every Day Consid? ered a Gain and a Loss to Japanese. London. April 5.?Eight weeks from the opening of the war sees Japan, without any real fighting, apparently in complete possession of Korea and the first stage of the campaign ended. According to the Daily Mail's Kobe, Japan, correspondent, who telegraphs under dat* of April 4, a Ping Yang dispatch has been received there con? firming the report from Shanghai that Japanese scouts entered Wiju. Korea? at 11 o'clock a. m.. Monday, and that Ihe Russians apparently retreated be? yond the Yalu river, but no further news of any kind is to hand. Every HaRQTTIS 1WAO OTA M A, JAFAK'S Ofnsp OF STAFF. thing, however, is regarded aa point? ing to the Imminence of important de? velopment?. The Dally Mall's Seoul correspond ?nt, telegraphing Monday, asserts that the landing of Japanese troops at Chinampo has now ceased, but that the port is guarded by a large fleet and the Japanese base has moved north from Ping Yang, where only a few troops now remain. The Times correspondent at Chefoo, cabing under date of April 4. says there was another bombardment of Port Arthur April 3, but that there are no authentic details of the en-sage? ment available. Russians Got to Unsan First. St. Petersburg, April 5.?It is re? ported that 500 Cossacks, commanded by General Artamanoff, have occupied Unsan, Korea, forestalling the Japa? nese, who were marching on Unsan from Chong-Ju. -j? General Allen Asked to Be Recalled. Washington. April d.?It was stated at the war department that Brigadier General Allen, of the Philippine con? stabulary, had been ordered from Seoul, Korea, to him regular station at Manila, at his own request, on the ground that the sources of Informa? tion at Sooul regarding military oper? ations are exhausted, and consequent? ly there is no longer any object In his remaining there. Japan's First Army Landed. Chefoo, April 5.?The Nippon Yusen Kaisha has resumed its service be? tween Korea and Northern China with foreign steamers. The first steamer has arrived from Chemulpo, and from the passengers it was learned that the last contingent of Japan's first army landed In Korea March 30. The army consists of 50,000 men, includ? ing coolie carriers. Japan has made Anju a frontal base, and his bridged I the Cheng Cheng and Pak rivers and '< is ready to a?lvance by three roads to the Yalu river. It will possibly be a i month, however, before a big battle j will be fought, as the artillery moves ! slowly on account of the poor horses ? and the bad management of the horses. Otherwise the organization of tho Japanese forces Is almost perfect ? An Immense quantity of supplies is going forward by coolie carriers. It wan also learned from the pas? sengers that work had been resumed at the American mines at Unsan. RUSSIA PLAYING WAITING GAME Will Do No More Than Harrass Japa? nese Advance In Korea. St Petersburg. April 5.?As the time approaches for the opening of land operations on a large scale, the Russian authorities are exercising greater vigilance to prevent the news of their plans for the movement to and the disposition of troops in the theatre of war from going abroad where It might be of service to the enemy. For 10 days not a scrap of real Information, except such as ia thought contained In official dispatch? es, has been given out or has come from the fjr-_a_ There practically ex- j lets an embargo on news dispatches, : those coming through being colorless ? and devoid of Importance. General Kuropatkin s plan of cam? paign is In the keeping of those who will betray nothing. Only the barest outlines are known and the rest is pure guesswork. That the general's plan of campaign has been worked out, and that it involves the playing of a waiting garnt* until the disposition of the army has bo?'n completed, can be stated with posltlvoncss. Every dav is now considered a ?listlnct gain for the Russians and a distinct hiss f?ir the Japanese. For this reason it tan be confidently predicted that the Rus alans will not do more than harrass the Japanese advance in Korea- The gradual withdrawal of the Russians does not mean anything as determin? ing the fighting capacities of the men oj" th?> resp?M'tive armies, as this is part ?>f the Russian tactics. The melting of the snow In a moun? tainous country will render Impassable In the spring the roads over which the Japanese must ?*ome. and this Is con? sidered to be almost as offei-tive an ?I_N_.ltAL SA_.U4K01.-F. CHIEF OF TBE BUS- ' ??? ? V'Ali. opposition as wtnild a Russian army corps. The Russians also count upon a Japanese flanking movement in con? nection with a frontal attack, and ; therefore a Russian force has been ! disposed along the Tumen to prevent ' the entrance of a Japanese column -hato. Another flanking movement is j expected at the head of the Liao j Tung gulf near Newchwang, and everything there is being prepared to receive tbe enemy, but for the present the Russian military authorities be? lieve that the Japanese game at this point has been blocked by the failure of the attempts to bottle up and render Immobile the fleet of Vice Admiral ; Makaroff which, while free, will be a | great men.ace to the movement of j Japanese transports into the Gulf of Pe-Chi 1 i An?>ther effort to block Port Arthur is consequently expected daiiy. One of the prin? ipal reasons for Viceroy Alexieff's visit to Port Arthur, in addition to inspecting the ships and defenses, is understood to have been for the purp<ise of consulting Vice Ad? miral M ilk aro ft* with a view to devis? ing plans for defeating those attacks. ant! to this end all additional precaution? have been taken. It Is hinted In high quarters Uaat th? next time the Japanese appear off Port Arthur they will find a surprl?? awaiting them. No Japs Near Vladivostok. Vladivostok. April 6.?The raaVtary situation is quiet There te no evi? dente of the presence of tho enemy in this region. The prices of the ne? cessities of life are very high on ac? count of the lack of provisions. Ker*> sene ig selling at %2 for ? tin ?of 20 pounds. No Japs In Manchuria Yet St. Petersburg. April 6.?Major C?en eral Pflug telegraphs from Mukden de> nying the reports of Japanese ?per? atlons in Manchuria, and stating ?feat there are no Japanese troops tn Mao- _ churla. THE VIRGINIA LAUNCHEB Over 30,000 People See the First Ola?? Battleship Take the Water. Newport News, Va., April ?.?Thn first class battleship Virginia was launched at. the yard of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock company's yards in the presence of more than 30.000 people. State troops from half a dozen Virginia cities and Port Monroe participated In the cele? bration and parade attending th? launching ceremonies. As the sponsor, Miss Oay Montague? mounted the christening platform with her father, the governor, and Superin? tendent Post, she was given an ova? tion. The launching platform at th? bow of the boat was crowded Witt In? vited guests. The entire governor's staff, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Darling, high army and navy officers? congressmen from this state and oth? ers, together with members of their fami lieg, were among those who occu> ' pied places on the stand. The launching was without a hitch and one of tho most successful In every way in the history of the ship? yards. A few minutes after tho launching of the battleship, Adam N. Calhoun, 70 years old, of Richmond, Va., who was amj.ig tho spectators, fell Into th? dry dock adjacent to the Virginia's and was fatally Injured. He lived but a few hours. Recovered But to Die. New York, April 6.?Mrs. Cora Boy?* enton, 34 years old, of Hampton, Vs.? was found dead in bed, having been asphyxiated by Illuminating gas In an apartment In West 117th street durrnc* the night. Mrs. Boyenton was th? wife of *\V. H. Boyenton, of Hampton, and had been a sufferer from neuras? thenia, having come north for treat? ment Sh? had recovered so well that sh? ?aa ready to leave for horn?, and her husband, who bad businese in Bal? timore, was to meet her in thui city. The physician said he believed her death was accidental, but the car? was reported to the coroner, who will Investigate further. Panama Sw'tchmer. Strike. ' Panama. April 5. ? The ? 'roa?> ?.wit?? h men have ptiined in the strike of the railroad labore ??*. United Stati's marines will be lau.led on the wharves and other property of the railroad, whieh the soldiers of tbe r? public arc now patrolling. j? Death Ends Forty Days* Fast. ?jJfpUtlal. V.'is . A'.ril 5. Miss Ma zio llattsheim. 1?: ye-irs ?! a?'??, is dead. alter | fast of M ?lays, undertaken. It is said, t'i eml lier life, troni whieh all pleasure hnd been banished by con? timi?.o<? m '.,-.?? ? ????>, o hlrth._ U-Auto-Nc About the W King of TKeEast Indian Hair Tonic N.'t?iiii-z Like it ??'???? Ilefure S.-en. '.?;?.?- Dun.li -11 IT 7 t?i M l>:i\ >. Stop* Hair falling Umi io t.._*o ?liy??. Uroam II:??? nu ?11 bald *>???.is if uny routs ivnimn. in lr<.in M t.? M ?lily.?-. I tupen? M lall kin.I- ot tour. Causing it tc .?.-??.ov long, straight :.u?l silken. If you .?-i>h a K.-uil it'nl from th ot hair, try it. Ranll t.?i\??- fce. ?tor ohm Itera* boxea Mr. :i lor t1.<h> S?mi?I iin.li??> with ?ill orders. W? pay i\ ]>??:???? ?it ?leiivi ?nig it to *???n. Aiblress nil orders to -*?> BrtiTiO Mfg. Co. ??.?." WM?ltnitsn Street, - Huston A i'XTS WANTED. THE FRISCO SYSTEM OPCRAiia Double Daily Traina Carrying Pullman Sleepers. Cafe Cala (a la carte) and Chair Cars (seats aatjjfj Electric Lighted Throughout ! BETWEEN Birmingham, .Memphis and Kansas Oro ANO TO ALL POINT? IN Texas, Oklahoma and Indian Territori?? AND THE Tar West and Northwest TMB ONLY THROUQH 3l.BEPINO CAR I BETWEEN TMB 50UTHBAST ANO KANSAS CITY Descriptive literature, tickets ran?redand through reservations upon application to W. t. Sau ? o ens, Gen ??t. ????. on F.E.Ci?A?K. Taav ?*???.??t . ? t la ara, W. T. SAUNDERS Gsn'l Agent Pssssnger Dsp? ATLANTA. GA.