Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XXIV. NO. 19.
RICHMOND. VIRGINIA, SATURDAY. APRIL I3TH. 1907. PRICE. FIVE CENTS. Shall We Go To Africa? 2.) WUence and how came we here? is th? question for discussion in this paper. So far as the generation which saw the conclusion of hostilities be? tween the two great sections of this country in 13 65 are concerned, it were needless to discuss this phase of the subject. But for the benefit of ?lose born simo that time an?! many whom possibly aerar beard of the "middle passage," we shall nave some what to say. That the present rn? ^ roes now living In th? Halted States are Of natives of Africa who kidnapped and otherwise got? ten possession of. brought to this country ;in<l sold Into slavery la a fact too patent to I Meet ? all Ni '?rs of age , now living h< ? and BOma of th??;: sona! ? ice of th? ! mid dii> passage. As late as IST?9. tl fori- klag out of the war be? tween th? two slav?> s^ii]?.* with nal I cap? tured tiy rin? collila and brought lato I ?:i harbor, arhara ? ? h? of an excursion on a atei or sail boat The writ ?t saw them I ?sin?: on th? plying between Charleston and Ml xvrr?? finally aent back to th?> snores of Africa and turn???! 1? tured ami i? to the slave ata in tbe Southern states of ibis ooaatry or Smith Amerha. The manner of disposing of ? ; ship for ; to America was too horrible for tory Is history and there is no use in mincing matter?. m the bare floors of tho and apper decks of th?? ships, nrltboa! to sex anil in e row? ed alone wit ::i enough between for the passage of o : a sip of W.i of bread. In this era 1 un oomfo ?.sition without regard h? calls of nan. ? lied to remain from tli? barkatlon to the dlaembark iltant stench and di filini; fear fai and hut. died and w era bailed at ? it is remembered that In those days it took months for the ci it may be ima: must have been the suffer.ng of these poor unfortunate halaga This la what was known h middle passage. After the arrival in this country came the separatloa ot near and dear relattoaa the b ing of human flesh and blood for the filthy gain of gold. And i? fail to not.? here, that not only was the southern white man engaged in this nefarious traffic but northern whit?- trtScalartj gaged in it. together with white p?? almost every nationality upon the earth. It was a ruthless, brutal bm and hardened and brutalized to the last extreme all who engaged In it. It is said that the great majority of Africans brought to this country came from the Guinea coast and ter? ritory adjacent thereto. Be that aa it may, it is reasonable to suppose that as the bulk of the people brought here were those cap? tured in the various and constant tribal wars and sold by their cap? tors to the white slave ships whicj were always hovering about the coasts, that the supply was drawn from every part of tbe continent, and that the present race In Ameri? ca represent not only the warlike Abyssinians and Zulus but even A rablans. Egyptians. Trlpolttans, Al? gerians and Moroccoans. Of course these latter in greatly lesa degree, but they are there all the same. Prof. J. C. Hazeley. a native Af? rican Negro who travelled in the U nlted States in 1878-79 in the inter? est of the American Colonization So? ciety told the writer that it waa a matter of amusement and pastime for him while walking through the streets of Richmond to pick out per? sons descended from the different tribes of tho African races. ?. M. STEWARD. ?Picnics and suppers! That's the talk. Mr. N. Winston takes 'phone orders Just as promptly as he does written ones. Call and a him. :<>: WANTED??Young colored woman In automobile works in surburb of Chicago to act aa assistant to ladies who operate their own cars; to learn to operate cars, to take charge of cara on shopping tours* etc. Ex? perience unnecessary but must be Intelligent, neat, of good address, etc Transportation furnished. Addrei WILLIAM HOLLIDAY, 128 William St., Oak Park Chicago, 111. -.?j ?Ton may fall down, but you'll get up again to get a saucer of that Dnrs r.r*am >nt.4 ??, a*- xf ?-._-? Major Penrose Declares Soldiers The Evidence Changed Him. Surprising Hap= penings at the Brownsville Investigation. TESTIMONY OF TEXANS IMPEACHED?COULD NOT HAVE IDENTIFIED MEN?MORE ABOUT THE BULLET HOLES. WERE NOT MADE BY ARMY RIFLES. WILL THE PRESIDENT REVOKE HIS ORDER? hlngton I ; rii a. ??'pt ] Te?' f unuaual Interest wss given lay la the Hrownsvillo ?? the Benats Com? ?flairs. Che ehlef ?oinniai. soldiers who aro dharged With * up" ChB T?'\:is ii <; ?. no ?raa a pari nient of to in\? ahootlag. ? nurse . by bullets t! ated hous es In Drownsvilli I > th?? eoaclaaloa that tho ballata eoaN aot have been fired by soldiers in tho barracks. Maj Paaroaa has boon acquitted jurt-martlal on charges of no J. A. LANKFORD, M. S. Architect. gl?Bct of duty, while the same court martial found that the men of the Twenty-fifth Infantry were guilty. Notwithstanding this finding Maj. Penrose asserted his confidence now in the innocence of the men. although at first he thought them guilty. In reply to a question by Senator For aker he said the Negro soldiers had not been represented by counsel at the court. Neither Maj. Penrose nor Lieut. Leckle have been cross-exam? ined. MAJ. PENROSE WAS AWAKE. Maj. Penroae testified that he waa awake when tbe firing began, on the night of August 13, and immediate? ly dressed upon hearing two pistol shots from the road, he thought, in the vicinity of the guard house. His story aa to the shooting, tho call to arms and for formation and dispo? sition of the companies during the succeeding hours tallied with that told by other officers. He testified to sending Capt. Lyon with Company D to patrol the town and of his return, accompanied by Mayor Combe and his brother, Joe Combe, and of their statement that soldiers had done the shooting. Af? ter a general discussion between the Combes and officers of the Twenty fifth Infantry. Maj. Penrose said that the mayor naked to apeak to him privately. In tbia talk the wltneaa said that Mayor Combe told him that none of the men of the Twenty-fifth should be permitted to enter the town, aa he could not be responsible for the actions of ?se citizens toward them r s as well as enlisted men. as Mayor Comb? that I of a uniform might ln I'le. Maj Pen ' ?lied that ? uld allow none of his men to toe ? and would ha allow rteoa. tion of 11 and L>< aring let SHKU.s CHANOBD His mind. rding to the testimony of Maj. Penroaa, be did not bailer? the shooting until the fol?? oralag, a fttaehila found the clips and shells outside the garrison wall, at the mouth of what 'is known as the Cowan Alley. His faallag that the men were guilty was strengthened by not finding any marks of bullets in the barracks walls on the sides next to the town. The witness detailed his meeting with a citizens' committee on the morning of August 14, when a de? mand was made for the surrender of the perpetrators of the attack to civ? il authorities. He told the commit teo that as soon as the guilty men could be discovered he would surren? der them, and that in the meantime ?he was taking every precaution to prevent a recurrence of the firing. The latter statement was in response to questions as to what steps had boon taken to Insure against Negro soldiers making another attack. The direct examination of Maj. Penrose had not been concluded when the committee adjourned for the day. Prior to the examination of Maj. Penrose. testimony was given by Maj Joseph P. O'Neil. of the Thirtieth In? fantry, concerning tests at Port Mc Intosh, to determine whether It is possible to distinguish between white and Negro soldiers and Mexicans wearing khaki uniforms at night, at a distance of fifty feet or more. The evidence was largely technical. SHOTS NOT FROM BARRACKS. Lieut. Leckte traced for the com? mittee the course taken by bullets which struck houses, and from the examination he made said that the CONTINUED ON EIGHTH PAGE. Southern Aid Society's New Home Office Building, Richmond, Virginia. A. D. Price, Pr?s. Thos. M. Crump, Sec'y. B. L. Jordan, Assiatant Sec'y. John A. Lankford. M. 8. and Bro. ' the Noted Negro Architects and Builders of Washington. D. C. De? sign Another Larp? Building for Richmond, Va Mr. John A. Lankford, the noted architect was In the city thla week, j He came to present to the Southern Aid Insurance Company (Inc.) the, plans and specificar:;>na for their | new headquarter building, which will be located on North Second Street on the present site of their headquar- . ters now. J The plans and specifications were unanimously accepted It la a beau tlful building of classical design of the Roman class, trimmed with granite and marble, one hundred feet long and three ?tories high with basement. The basement will be need for the eteam beating plant and storage. Tbe building la en? tered through a large Roman arch colonade su ? nor ted with two large Roman colutane, retting on and a-1 bove the doorway Is a large male lion carved artistically out of a mas? sive stone and to the right and left of the door are two lion heads set in the walls showing tbe emblem of strength and beauty combined which is very appropriate to the Company. for it is the strongest Industrial In? surance Comnany in the State of Virginia. On the first floor of the building is the main lobby and borne office for the company, on the second floor are the office rooms for the public and a large Board room and assembly room for the agenta. The third floor is completely set aside for office pur? poses for the public. It will be the most up-to-date Insurance and office building in the state for Negroes. It haa two fire-proof vaults and ev? ery modern improvement, heated by steam and lighted by gaa and elec? tricity, fire escapes and lire gongs and a complete system of electric c-ill bella and lavatories are la each office room and modern plumbing t with tiled floors ford and the itlon. i. mond Dr. I>. U"? lor's ? oui il? io be 1 ?. W. trook? line. ' ? in this munlty. Ha baa r his old friends Salaried Positions. men and women amali bibb na t<? represent us in all rind pal ? a mi? For information, enclose stamp, -?Olidated Order of Friendship, Raaaoke, Viratala. 2 m os. You'll want i? and con nerles, that's why we an minding you that Mr. \\ \v. will fill your order. Seo annouiue ?Mrs. Anna Brooks who u? weal a successful operation at the Virginia Hospital has return her home. No. 1 (? W. Baker ? She is yet confined to her room. ?There will be a Spanish-Ameri? can Contest Drill, at True Reform? ers Hall, Tuesday. April If.. 1907, for benefit of 3rd St. ?. ?. E and St. Phillips P. E. Churches. Admis? sion 2 ? cts. ?Mr. Jam* dervall of E. Orange. N. J. called on us, no Is here visiting relatives and friends and looking over the scenes of his child? hood. GAINS?TAYLOR. The marriage of Miss Sarah Tay? lor, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Eze kiol Taylor, Ellerson, Va. to Mr. Richard Gaines - ok place April 4. 1907. The bride and groom left for CoatsvlUe, Pa. their future home. :<>: Farmer's Conference. A Farmer's Conference will be held at the John A. Dix Industrial School, Dlnwlddie, Va. Wednesday, 10:30 A. M. April 24th, the program is as follows: Economic Farming. Mr. A. E. Bishop of the Agricultural Depart? ment, Hampton Normal and Agri? cultural Institute. Hog Raising, Mr. F. D. Busbee in charge of the Agricultural Depart? ment John A. Dix Industrial School. Progress and Needs of the Negro Race. Dr. T. Jesse Jonea. Assistant Chaplain, Hampton N. aad A. Insti? tute. The Students Ideal of A Man for th? President of Virginia Theological Seminary and G? ?I loge. The following article appeared In th.? Chrtetlan Organizer but it did not appear in full. record o I we s? o that It has risen i ? from an insignificant school to a col ? f recognition and owinc to tho racial conditions in the Southland, Virginia Theological Seminary he way, and ?? the door of hither education tbe Negro youth. Whereas, it I toa Almighty ?'oved lent, a man of creat Intellect? ual attainment: an honored son of profound scholarship and invincible oratory -tim ? ? the ra I !'? ? aident and t at her he proved himself able sat all emergency. As a I Maat he was a!?:?? to settle all cilf il 1. As m >nd to none. Ha?, ini; ! etude that to ? ' Ian by a man won Iti b? a reibet ion upon our dead chieftain, and a mark work in r? ai. \ ?lesirlng to the prim I ? lea of the . do h? ? known to ptlon of the man for the position We believe that the man must be thoroughly quelli 1 We d< absolutely n? lould I??? of iiii?i inorai standing, aa pun sible to ? rowth nntl as the Immortal I only bo w as not guilty of : ? mary tan who is be 2. We I I of ! be a pr?t f < h a man In at this r the futur.? development of pi al iti ed is ? curriculum of t. ??ment in the If aro for future nd iry ml ri? ninni. We believe that of a president should be lids and that Of friendship and per? sonal Interest ahoald Mrely elimini a are Bra bunded to the f the Institution. The tin:?> is fast approaching when I and Of the Tr Hoar?! to elect a ? we hope that it will be In their Judgment to a man not wanting in any of these qualifies \\ .? stand rea ? support a man having tho above 1 qualifications. Toara for the perpetuation of the work. Tin: BTUDBNT RODV. Done by the unanimous vote of udent b< -??? llalph W. Tyler Made Aaditor for ? \ > Depart ment. Ralph W. Tyler, the Columbus. Ohio Negro, whom the President for a time had In mind to appoint to Meral office In Ohio, yester? day was appointed auditor for the Navy Department at a salary of |4, 000 a year. Tyler waa recommended for an Ohio office by Booker T. Washington the well-known Negro educator, and the President originally intended to make him surveyor of the port of Cini innati. Serious objection waa raised to this by the people of Cin? cinnati and the politicians, and the : t reconsidered his contem 1 action. it is a matter of history that when It was announced that the President had Tyler In mind for the Clncin offlce, to succeed Surveyor Smith, prominent Republicans in that city notified Congressman Long worth, the President's son-in-law, that the appointment would be a mistake and would be received gen? erally with disfavor. It was report? ed at 1??? time that such an ap? pointment might prove embarrass? ing to the political interests of the party. ?o: Springtlme calls for the most pro? gressive men and women in every family to look about for a place near some good town on which to build a home. This opportunity has been offered to PLANET readers for the past three years in Woodville, the colored people's suburb. Just outside the capital city of Richmond, and a galn this year tbe chance is laid be? fore you through the advertising col? umns of this issue on another page. The opportunity to secure choice lota on reasonable terme doea not come your way often and by laying by a little money every month you can soon pay for at leaat one of these lots. Read every tine of this adver? tiaement and then write at oaoa.