Newspaper Page Text
10 Greatest Negroes America Has Produced.
M F DOOCUIS tRE THE FIHST TWO NIMEO IN THE LIST OF THE TEN CRUTEST i : I - MUCH UUEHEST I! BID III IlEtllB OF MTTDICM. TE* OUDER I FEKUn OF NEGRO STUDENTS, DE COIOOEO TOUTH MOMENT U. S. *. OLlUlNU llNOl/AL^lVlLlV X . _ __ JOHNSON ARE GIVEN NEXT PROMINENCE. List Submitted by Mrs. Mary Church Terrel) is Released This Week—-She Gives First Place to Crispus Attucks, Martyr. Two luminaries have been named: 1 GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER, F. R. S., emin ent scientist, creator of over a third of a thousand by-products from the pecan, the sweet potato, the peanut, and dyes from common clay of the southern soil. FREDERICK DOUGLAS, orator, abolitionist, pioneer trail blazer. In deciding such an elusive thing as greatness, several pertinent questions must be settled. For example: should greatness be based upon popularity? How many great acts must one perform before he is entitled to greatness? Popularity* is a favorable asset, but not essen tial. The Savior, the matchless, Great One, was not a popular being in His day. Says the proph et, “He was despised and rejected of men.” Such is it with many of our great characters. One s being widely known is not necessarily claimed as great. Thousands of people know Jack Johnson and Mamie Smith, who will die ig norant of the fact that the scientist Dr. Carver, ever lived. Similarly greatness cannot be de termined by single acts, though, strik ing. Should our “Greatest” be determ ined by a few or by tbe separate opin ions of millions? It would be a starK prejudice to say that the masses would make a gross error were it possible to obtain their just choice. I A ballot taken from a hundred thous j and persons, would doubtless, offer a s icross-section of choices, considerably , confused and, perhaps, unjust to truiu. However, in order to balance opinion the Negro Youth Movement secured the services of people from different schools of thought and from both sex es. It was interesting to note that males regarded men almost exclusively as forming the ten greatest. With wo men a larger percent of their sex were included among the mythical Ten. The choice of America’s Ten Greatest Ne groes made by Mrs. Mary Church Te: rell might be taken as an indication of the feminine attitude. This great schol ar, thinker, and orator, whose choice and reasons are listed below, says: “Here is a list of ten colored^ people worthy of mention. Whether they are the ten greatest will depend uion each one s point of view. 1. Crispus Attucks—patriot. 2. Phyllis Wheatley—First African woman to prove the intellectcal heights ♦c which it is possible for her sex and her race to attain. 3. Frederick Douglass, The first'man of African descent to show he could measure arms successfully with mem bers of other races, despite the hand! caps. As an author, orator and public ist, he had few equals and no supertax's 4. B. K. Bruce—As United States Sen a tor and Registrar of the U. S. Treas u’ry, he showed his integrity, and intel ligent manner in which he performed I- is duties, reflected credit upon nis i ace. 5. Mme. O. J. Walker—Successful business woman. Established a large and lucrative enterprise, employing hundreds of her own race. 6. George W. Carver, F. R. S.—This scientist has attracted the attention of the world by the brilliancy and success of his experiments and achievements. 7. Roland Hayes—He so successfully combatted race prejudice by his wond erful voice that he is now engaged by the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He s regarded here and abroad as one of the greatest tenors of the day. 8. Lucy Laney—Struggling against tremendous odds she secured an educa tion, then with the small savings from her teacuing position established a school in a farm house in Augusta. Gn. Later the institution was named Haine», Normal and Industrial School in hon or of a friend who came to her aid. 9. P. B. S. Pinchback—Governor ot Louisiana for several days, he being the only Negro who has been governor of a State in this country. How much that amounts to is a matter of taste. 10. Robert Heberton Terrell—Judge of Municipal Court in District of Colum the past twenty-two years. He was first appointed by President Theo dore Roosevelt and has been le-ap pointed by every President since that time. He was reappointed twice under a Democratic administration, because of the fact citizens and members of Bar Association urged his remaining on the bench. He is the only colored judge in the United States. Mrs. Terreil was among the first to nominate the late Madam C. J. Walker who has been sele-cted as one of the Ten. Madam Walker is the greatest single exponent of business achieve ment of the race. An orphan at seven a widow at twenty with a child to sup port she battled her way to fortune and broad service. After her discovery of a treatment for the hair, she traveled hack and forth between Pittsburgh and Denver, finally settling in Indianap olis where her great work was consum mated. She grew with her business, took commercial courses and develop ed into a well informed business wo man, ‘.She was a oharacter who laugh ed at obstacles; though often discourag ed, she persevered, apparently baffled time and time again, by sheer will pow er she forced her ambition back into the fight and lived to hold her own among the best without regard to race or color.” Her face, feature by feature, bespoke a personality as fit a theme for pen or brush as either an author or artist would care to immortalize. Her claim to greatness is her singu lar achievement, giving independent employment to thousands, opening the eyes of tens of thousands and inspiring millions. The fourth person added to this list of notables is James Weldon Johnson editor, author and diplomat. Only dis tinguished Americans are listed in. “Who’s Who in America.” In this vol-l ume under the name of James Wel don Johnson are items testifying to tne bigness of the man. He is a man with a very fertile mind and is easily the most versatile character the race has produced. He has served with distinc tion as author, poet, lawyer, editor, translator, playwright, diplomat and as secretary of the N. A. A. C. P. Indeed, Douglass, Carver, Walker and Johnson are four great persons who have produced in America. Homely Philosophy SORROW. “Sorrow has many precious jew els in her lap:” If we should count up the inval unable aftermaths of sorrow, we vouiu not be so despairing when she draws near. Many of our most cherished ex ! periences have been those resulting j from sorrow, thus is the heart attuned, the dear-brimmed eye beholds the "ain | bow. the stricken hand receives the touch of the munificent. • Sorrow’s mantle is a high privilege, we should wear it gratefully; under ! its shadow, life’s rarest lessons ait learned. Into the garden of sorrov Some day we all must roam, If not today, then tomorrow, Bow neath its purple dome. Sorrow overtakes each mortal in time, throws her sable folds about him and teaches him; to see—if he can see; to sing—if he can sing; to love—if he can love! ,‘Sorrow has many precious jew els in her lap. ” —GEORGIA DOUGLAS JOHNSON. NEW JERSEY COLORED DEMO- ' CRATIC ORGANIZATIONS MEET (Preston News Service) NEWARK. N. J., March 27.—A joint committee of colored Democrats of Es sex and Hudson counties, at a joint meeting held Monday night, March 17, made plans for the issuing of a call to all Democratic organizations in the State of New Jersey to a convention in the city of Newark the second week ki April. It is estimated that all of the counties of the state will be represent ed by colored democratic organizations in tire convention. The officers elected by the committee for the conventions call were as follows. Counsellor Robert S. Hartgrove, Hud son county, chairman; Counsellor Wil liam B. Brandon, Essex county, vice chairman; A. R. Mayo, Essex county, secretary; W. Jacobu9, Hudson county assistant secretary; and Charles Branch , Essex county, treasurer. W. G. CAMPBELL, BLIND, NOW HALTS TRAFFIC TO GET ACROSS New* SmtIm) PINE BLUFF, Ark., March 28.—W. G. Campbell, who has been blind for a number of years, a familiar character in this city and knows the streets ol Pine Bluff much better than most of the old residents who have their eye sight, purchased a police officer’s traf fic whistle and now when he wishes th cross a street on which the traffic is heavy, he sounds a shri.l blast, steps boldly from the curb, holds up one band majestically in the approved COLORFUL NEWS “MOVIES” By ‘THE CAMERAMAN.” I—“LEADERS” ANH “FOLLOWERS.” 2—BACK OF THE EXODUS. (Preston News Service) _— ■ i — ■ --—- ” IN THE MIMICRY of youthful ambitions, the game of “Follow Youi Leader,” has always been a popular pastime. But the transition to adult life makes the designation of “Lead Your Follower” a practical problem of political necessity, difficult of solution and troublesome in its application to the “Eight-Hour” day. In youth, a leader could do any stunt, and his followers would imitate him, at the risk of their necks. In political adolescence, a leader needs do nothing worthy of imitation, but he is a leader just the same, so long as he can drown his followers’ voices of restiveness with new explana tions and new promises. New stories of political valor and new narrations of what is going to be (but never is) are usually sufficient to make a tight blindfold to cover the eyes of fol jlowqrs. These situations are not always “colorful” ones* More often they are “colorless.” For fear that the gentle readers of this column may not think that we are pervaded with an impenetrable gloom, we readily admit, as truths unnecessary to be proven, all the facts and figures of racial progress. We are happy over the churches that have been built. We rejoice over die home-ownership. We are gleeful on account of the increasing wealth of the Race. It is a pleasure to note the achievements of our intellectual gladiators. The accomplishments of our labor group are splendid ones. The scholarship of our children is stimulating to our pride and soothing to our ambitions. BUT, Man Alive, the “POLITICAL LIMITED” is RUSHING on to its NOVEMBER DESTINATION, and we are RIDING ON A “TRAILER” instead of in the FRONT COACHES. Leaders have called conferences on everything from cabbages to castles; followers have responded. A thousand gatherings have taken place, and “specialists” have presented their pet theories for the salvation of their followers. But WHERE. OH WHERE IS OUR POLITICAL PLANK, written with the same ink that wrote the U. S. Constitution; sealed with the same seal that adorned America’s Declaration of Independence; and based upon the Fatherhood df God and the Brotherhood of Man? Where is the Grand Council of Leaders, ready and alert to loy the political pro gram of America’s Negro populace upon the table, that all may know that we revere our citizenship; that we adore the theory of American Government; that we have a definite knowledge of our needs; and that we expect the custodians of the American Government to hear our voice and, as the mill of justice grinds out the products of full citizenship, to see that a full allotment is measured out to us; for we have given our full measure of devotion to the Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave. i j' l COLLEGES AND SCHOOLS, black and white, par ticularly in the South, are holding daily debates upon varied subjects relating to Negro migration, all of which may be sum marized under the general question of WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THE ABANDONMENT OF THE SOUTH BY NEGROES?” Far be it from us to attempt to detail the many effects of the past and present exodus, for they follow two definite courses, (a) the effect in the North, and (b) the effect in the South, each of which is a source of numerous effects whose influences are, in turn, dependent wholly upon a series of con ditions which are as different in the North and in the South as chalk and cheese. Some of the primary effects of the migration, however, are so pronounced that we cannot forego the tabulation of the principal ones, and we do this with reverence for, but without apologies to, the many eminent economists, sociologists, and college professors who have written upon the subject of Negro migration. Briefly, then, there here follow some of the. pri mary effects of the Negro exodus. Explanations are not given, on account of the lack of space, but we will be glad to give explantions to any who care to write to the Preston News Serv ice (569 Sixth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa.) and furnish postage for the ‘‘Whys and Wherefores”: 1. Better police power in the South. 2. Silent southern votes become active northern votes. 3. Stimulated installation of farm machinery in the South. 4. Reduction of crime in South among both races. 5. Decrease in progeny mulattoes in the South. 6. Reduced industrial efficiency in the South. 7. Improved housing conditions in the South. 8. Better civil government in the South. 9. Intra-racial misunderstanding in the North. 10. Installation, in the North, of some southern social customs 11. Increased interracial strife in urban cities, North. 12. Increased inclusion of Negro workers in northern indus tries. 13. Eventual complete unionization of Negro labor. 14. Improved Negro youth in educational attainments. 15. State and national 'legislation beneficial to Negroes. 16. Fuller representation in northern legislation. 17. Greater economic advancement, North and South, among Negroes. 18. Greater utilization of Negro professional class, North and South. 19. Unfavorable housing conditions in North. 20. Decrease in Negro birth rate. ‘cop’ fashion and safely strides across the street. Campbell told officials that he had been worrying for some time about nvw to insure his safety sincte the ever In creasing auto traffic has created a ser ious obstacle and lately has made his path exceedingly dangerous. Finally it occurred to Campbell that a police whistle would be just the thing he need ed, and he accordingly went to city offl cials with his plan. FOR PESSIMISTS TO READ. Such things still happen: A mcb storms a jail, a sheriff warns them, they scorn him, he fires they retreat, and the prisoner is not lynched. Such things still happen in Texas. “Big Boy” Watts is the sheriff at Luf kin, Texas. He weighs 215 pounds stands 6 feet 3, and is 70 years old. His eyes are blue-gray. His mouth denotes short speech. His suits are black. His collar and tie are not unlike those worn by members of the Michigan legisla ture. His hat is a gorgeous sombrero and he smokes short, rotund cigars. One night last week this veteran Tex an sat with six deputies in the Lufkin jail. Th}ey were guarding a Negro who had just confessed killing a white man. Five hundred men, armed with a round head variety of weapons were 'ust out side and were shrieking for the priso nor. A steel railroad rail was thunder ing against the door. Then did the sheriff yield? Did ho gree with that school of thought whicn belds that no officer should risk his life to save a murderer? He did not. He was not only protecting the murderer: be was defending the law of the state of Texas. A state law to the sheriff was a pretty big thing. “Boys, get away from this jail,” be called out. He was speaking to men who had hailed him as neighbor may be a fev hours before. “Or I’m going to shoot. They did not get away, so he stfiot. He fired several times. There were cries from the wounded,. The mob re treated. The N gro was saved -to b« sentenced to the tleotric chair And the lew of the state of Texas reran1n« su preme in Lufkin. Doubtless the mdb could have taken the prisoner if they had been more de termined. A little searing lead often disturbs the poise of a vast horde. Sher Iff Watts may have known that, though he never had shot a man before. One must believe, however, that it was sheer gallantry on his part; that he would have resisted his neighbors un til killed, due to his pure, unwavering devotion to the law of tl state of Tex as. And let the pessimists of the mo ment consider, that. (News Leader, March 7.) WHITE AND COLORED CAGE CHAMPIONS WILL BATTLE. (Preaton New* Service) PITTSBURGH, Pa., April 3.—End ing their floor season in a blaze of glory, the Champion ix>endi quintet has arranged, a duo v>f games wlncxi will set local basketball fans ago. The season will close Thursday evening April 10th, with a stellar attraction on April 3.—On that date “Champion will meet Champion’' when the Celtics, who boast a three-point victory over the Loendi, will invade Labor Temple for a return game. This game will back ,em to the rafters. The week following the Celtic game, the season will formally close when Loendi meets an all-star team, com poned of Coffey, Morry and Pitcairn players. LITTLE LUCY ALLEN FATALLY BURNED; BROTHER’S ATTEMPT t*"»» — M CPrMto* New* Service) WASHINGTON, D. C.. April 3.—Lit tle Lucy Alien, aged four years, and her seven year-old brother were left playing In the kitchen at their hon'e Thursday tfterunCE when their moth er went to a neighbor's house. When Mrs. Allen returned, after an absence of only a few minutes, she found Little Lucy's clothjes burned from her body, while the brother, too young to comprehend the Seriousness of the situation, was a helpless specta tor. It is thought that the child's cloth ing had become ignited from the fire in the kitchen stove. She was treated at Providence hospital for severe burns about her body. The child died Friday morning. We Pay $7 a Day gt] lake orders tor Jennings guar* JPanteed hosiery for men, women, I children. All styles and colors. I Written guarantee with each pair I to wear and give satisfaction or new hose free. STEADY DAILY INCOME Full or spare time. No experience nec essary. No capital needed. Low priced. Our silk hose lead. Take orders tor six i to ten pairs a day. Repeat orders In i crease every month. Prompt delivers I guaranteed. For asteady, year round A business there Is nothing better than this line. Write forsamples. ^ JENNINGS MFC. CO., How F73 Uajrtoo, Ohio treatment. It gives quick relief. Swelling and short breath soon gone. All distressing symptoms rapidly disappear. Liver and kidneys act better. General improvement is real ized. I send by mail a trial treat ment absolutely FREE. Try it. Never heard of anything its equal for dropsy. Write to t DR. THOMAS E. GREEN, . ' Bank Bldg., Box 7, Chatsworth, Ga. Help Wanted We require the service* of tn ambitious person to do some special advertising work right in your own locality. The work is pless&nt and dignified. Pay is exceptionally large. No previous experience is required, ss til that is necessary is a willing ness on your part to carry out our Instructions. It you are at present employed, we can use your spare time In t way that will not interfere wltt. your present employment—yet pay you well for your v<m«v If you are making leaa than 1150 a month, the offer I am going to make will appeal Os you. Tour •pare time will pay you well—your full time will bring you in a handsome income Its costs nothing to Investigate. Write me today and I will send you full particulars by return mail tnd place before you the facts 10 that you can decide for yourself. ALBERT MILLS, Gen. Mir. Employment Dept 307 American Bldg., CINCINNATI, OHIO. HAS ENJOYED SUCH UNEX PECTED SUCCESS IN THE PAST YEAR THAT WE HAVE DECIDED TO ADD A FEW MOREBEAUTIFYING PREP ARATIONS TO OUR LIMIT ED BUT EFFECTIVE LINE The following is our complete Hat * Strait-Tex Hair Refining Tonic $1.00 Refine* kinky, frixry. coarse ludr to per bsttk medium: medium hair to good. Strait-Tex Hair Grower 25c Not only promote* growth of the ■cr at* hair, hut make* it toft, pliable and luxuriant. An excellent pressing oil. Gloss-Tex Brilliantlne 00c Makes the hair soft and glossy iuv' i awbsttis keeps it,in good condition with leaving (t oily or gummy. Strait-Tex Herbs 11.00 Is a vegetable preparation thgh ac* Mr cm tually straighten* and res toms lor to gray or faded hair. ‘ ly will not f, no matter boar Often the hair _mpooed. Three shades: Black, Brown ana Chestnut-Brown. Kokomo Shampoo 4$C Is made from pure cocoanut oil: Mr huh cleans the scalp and roots of the hair in a natural, healthy manner. Bronze Beauty Vanishing Cream 00c Is a soothing, greaseless vanish)? pgr hr face cream that will not grow rah. Bronze Beauty Lemon Cream 60c Is nourishing, softening and stim>i» Mrjaf lating to the *kin; is filled with a triple strength of Oil of lemon—mak ing it a mild, bleaching cream. Bronze Beauty Face Powders 60c Are suited to all complexions. Can ■pie be successfully used on dry or oily skins. The shades: High Brown and Bmnze Glow are favorites. Mollyglo8co $1.00 Ip a special hair straightener for meat Mriw positively guaranteed to straighten the most stubborn hair in from 10 to 20 minutes without the use of hot Isons. Will not injure the scalp or turn the hair red. AGENTS WANTED EVERYWHERE Strait-Tex Chemical Company 600 FIFTH AVENUE PITTSBURGH, PA., U. S.A. t owl6u can have a / soft, clear, lighter Sign! FOR YOUR SKIN. To make your skin lighter and more charm* ing apply Dr. Fred Palmers Skin "Whitener Ointment with a soft refreshing massage. Almost im mediately your skin bleacnea clearer, becomes lighter and free from oily shine. ^ A _ “Isn’t she beautiful!” How many times have you heard that remark about others and wished it were for you? Do you know you can make your complexion more lovely, simply by using Dr. Fred Palmer’s Skin Whitener Preparations. They will clear your skin, keep it free from shine and make it much more beautiful. FOR YOUR COMPLEXION. To improve your complexion and keep it soft and lighter, use Dr. Fred Palmer’s Skin Whitener Soap which makes it more health’ ful, free from roughness and satiny without shine. Then apply Pr. Fred Palmer’s Face Powder which is fragrantly sweet. FOR YOUR HAIR. To make your hair long, luxuriant and silky, use Da. Fred Palmer’s Hair Dresser. It cleanses the scalp, makes the hair straight and pro* motes growth. It will keep your hair soft, (lossy and easy to dress. Hundreds use it regularly and will have no other. Try it. Your druggists can supply yoa with these preparations, or; we will send them direct on receipt of price—25c each. skfor and get Dr. Fred Palmers SKIN WHITENER PREPARATIONS Dr. Fred Palmer's Laboratories, Atlanta, Ga. Please send me ^ame _ _ samples of your preparations. I i am enclosing 4c for postage and ,, 1 wrapping. Address _ 1 gas . 5 ■■