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JftiT.’i*' i Evtrjr Saturday by John Mitchell. Jr. »; r.i North fourth Street. Richmond, V». j \ \ i..KUi .OR lions : .tefc'JeJ tor publi;«.:ion 10 rvacti ».■« by • , j*.gt Richmond, firgte a «u * • *' >'* c ® One V iu T..» *■" fix Lk! Three Month* .^ Toreign Subscriptions . Foreign Advertising Representative, W. B. < Tiff Company, 60S S. Dearborn Street, Chicago;', vn Victoria Building. St. Louis, Mo.; 4'JO Long acre Building, New York. SATURDAY.MARCH 14, 1925 ^ THE MIGRATION OF THE NEGRO NORTH. THE NEW YORK TIMES in its issue of March 10th comments upon the remarks of Mr. Julius Rosenwald made tv ifs issue of the day before. Both communications are highly j •emmendary of the Negroes, who j have fo-und a residence in the north- j ern clime. The New York Times says: "The Negro has been moving North under a double impulse. He has been pushed by discontent with ‘ the treatment he receives in tho South. He has been pulled by the demand for labor in the North. Till 1915 tho former was the more pow erful cause. Negro migration was • something lik© a flight. Since the , war it has been purposeful. The de ! mand for Negro labor in the North j Kept up till 1920, slackened with the depress on of that year and rose to lood again in 1922. A new and per- . manent factor is our new immigration policy. The Negro is being called upon to take the place that would have been filled by tho excluded Europeans. Thus arises a national problem in a real sense. It concerns the cities of the North which must reckon with great Negro colonies in their midst. It concerns or ganized labor, wheh must face the problem of unionizing the Negro worker. It concerns the political purti-es. A swelling Negro population in doubtful Northern States has al ready given Democratic leaders food for thought". It concludes as follows: .... ‘ The biggest problem is. after all, for the South. People there have al ready been stirred by the depletion of their labor supply and are recog nizing that a more humane policy to the Negro is demanded not only by justice, but by practical considera tions Yet it is doubtful if a merely negative policy will avail to check Negro migration. The South must make up its mind to compete actively with the North in making the old home more attractive for the colored people. Of four Southern States which have registered the largest in crease in Negro population, three are those which have been making rapid industrial progress—North Carolina. Texas and Florida. Apparently it is the economic pull that counts most. And for the South it ought to be not merely a question of maintaining the status quo. If Negro labor is largely to replace immigrant white labor, the South, with its great supply of colored labor, ought logically to ben efit most by the change. But It will not so benefit if it refuses to compete with the North by offering the Negro the chances for a better livelihood, more civilized housing and better schooling for his children, as well as the equal protection of the la-*. The above is a statement of th® case ‘in a nut-shell*. No further remarks could even tend to change this statement of facts or to upset the logical condus'on. A PLEA FOR FISK UNIVERSITY. WE HAVE RECEIVED a copy of a j p mphiet giving ‘e. era and telegrams . iom i rents of Fisk students. ■ : vmni. stiulenv and friends at large, teg- her w til certain statements rel- ■ ;.i.:vo ;o the recent disturbances at' n«k University. Nashville. Tenn. It is a strong presentation of the case from Pres dent F. A. MacKenzie's viewport, although it does not deal specifically with the fundamental questions at issue. It conveys the ' information that practically all of the students have returned to their classes. The summary is as follows: i “Of the more than 50 students from Nashvi'lle attending the Fisk elementary school, none has been ab-< sent a single day. Of the 24 high school students, three are out. Of the 41 college students 8 have thus far (February 23) failed to return.4 , It is to be hoped thajt the Trustees will arrange for the visit of a com mittee of leading colored citizens from various parts of the country to visit the institution and secure a da ta i'.ed statement of the grievances or alleged grievances that led to the ‘rebellion*. No person who has formed or expressed an opinion one way or the other should be selected and a report coming from this source would do most to counteract the ef fect of the damaging information that has been transmitted from one section of th s countrr to the other amongst our people. : THE INTER-RACIAL movement is doing a world of good and should be encouraged and promoted. S! ISSISSIPPI M. E, j 1 (Preston News Service) CRYSTAL SPRINGS, MISS., Mar. T .—At the M. E. Church here Sun day inorn'ng regular services were a .-pended n order that the congre cation might, vote on the nuestion of unification which has h^er> broadly discussed from the pulpit and in the press for a good many weeks. One of the largest congregations that has been in attendance at the church for some time was present to express themselves on this question. One hundred and fifty-four ballots were cast on the question of which 127 members were present and 27 voted by proxy. When the vote was count ed t showed that every single vote cast, proxies and other votes, were! against unification, with not a single, vote in favor Of it. The M. E. Church split into two factions over the slavery question and : an effort is now being made to unite the North and South Connections. j ^GET Rib o? PILiS Xj FOREVER. 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Anyone who wants lovely hair and a beautiful complexion should immediately purchase Exelento Quinine Pomade and Exelento Skin Beautifier. They can be ob tained at 25j* each from nearly all drug stores, or will be sent post paid upor. receipt of price by the EXELENTO MEDICINE CO.,Atlanta, Ga. AGENTS WANTED EVERYWHERE Write For Particular* ) Simple Way To End Might Coughing j No matter how long you have been troubled with exasperating coughing at right, robbing you of valuable sleep and i thereby weakening your system and ! laying you open to dangerous infee- j tions, it can usually be stopped at once ; by a very si mple treatmen t Most people j have found that they can sleep the j whole night through undisturbed often j the first time they try it. The treatment is based on a remarkable . prescription known as Dr. King’s New Dis- i coveryforCoughs.Yousimply takea teaspoon ful at night before retiring and hold it in your throat for 15 or 20 seconds before swallowing, without following with water. The prescrip tion has a double action. It not only soothes soreness and irritation, but it quickly loosens and removes thephlegm nr.d congestionwhich are the direct cause of the cough’nt;. The re sult is you usually sleep soundly the very first r.ight, and the entire cuu^h condition goes in a very short time The prescription !:, for coughs, chert cckK hoarseness, broneiv.ti.s, a;*: , .conic croup as 1 almost every throat init.Ui n. It cent:, ins ro opiates or other iir.r.niul drugs. Ea-r.onucai, j too, as the dose is only one teaspoouiui. Oa j sale at all good druggist3. N sit for i : t .vr.w* .\V.v ''vv I0IE. Clay 407 W. Leigh VISIT VIA1.1 .ORY’S MARKET, Inc. j | sTeverythin? that’s good to eat All kinds of FRESH MEATS and all kinds of FRESH FISH, POULTRY FRUITS VEGETABLES, OYSTERS j GROCERIES OF ALL KINDS. Up-to-date Sanitary Store. MALLORY’S MARKET. Inc. Phone Randolph 4529. Might Call Residence Madison 6039 ! THANKS. i(T 99 1 Dy "THE CAMERAMAN." i—INAUGURATION. 2—T :•JAPANESE MOVE SOUTH WARS. .3—APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES (/Vw JVezi'f ______—-— ~ ” ’ " " " * ; i INAUGURATION By the will of the people, the American Government passes another four-year milepost in its quest for a more perfect union. New hands take hold of the same structure chiseled out by George Washington and his fellow seekers of independence, cemented together, though by the blood of fellow citizens, under Abraham Lincoln £ind jUtyssfes Grant; and placed upon the high pedestal of world ap preciation by such eminent presidential suc cessors as Garfield', McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft and Harding. Of his own right and. in his own worth, President Cooiidge now Jjoins the thain of directors which, in peace and in war, has bound together the American principles of Liberty and Union. We need not pause to repledge our loyalty and our lives. Our past history bespeaks, far more eloquently than do our words of today, our ideal to serve our country. We believe in Liberty and Union, and we know that without those virtues neither a Government nor its subjects can hope to enjoy the fulness of such a freedom as the world has a right to expect of so brave and so free a land as America. In the fashioning of the new American progress, which begins with the Inauguration of our President, we ask for no special divis ion or distribution of the blessings of our Government, based upon any theoretical sepa ration of us from the citizenry of our country. We seek merely a just portion of whatever benefits the Government and its directorate may issue to all its citizens, We desire nothing because of any special estimate whicn may be placed upon us. But, when, as is often the case, certain individuals and certain groups do, because of color, single us out from the .American people, and set aside for us cer tain inequities, certain customs, and certain practices, for which there is found no author ity either in the U. S. Constitution or in the traditions of independence which form the bulwark and the foundation of the United States of America,—then, and in those cases, we, as American citizens, as free and as brave as any that mav be found, do ask that the forces and the individuals which guide and direct the destinies of this great country, in voke ali the principles and all the law that may b-e necessary in our behalf, in order to show the world, without fear or denial, the truth that Liberty and Union in America, are indeed as Paniel Webster said, one and insep arable, now and forever. ' I - f THE JAPANESE MOVE SOUTHWARD. A movement to place fifty thousand thrifty Japanese farmers in the Southland is reported as heading up in Crittenden and Mississippi counties, State of Arka/nsas. flt is said that a giant land corporation will buy several thousands of acres of land in the Arkansas delta region and colonize it with the little yellow men in an experiment to see whether or not they can do as much with Arkansas soil as they did in California and Washington. This prospective movement southward of the Japanese hits the BRETHREN of Arkan sas right between the eyes for the following reason: Crittenden county has a total pop ulation of 29.309, of whom 24,650 or 84.1 per cent are Negroes. These Negroes operate 5,022 of the 5,496 farms of Crittenden county of which they own 410, leaving 474 to the Arkansas whites, who own 148 of their group total. Farm land in Crittenden county is val ued at $133.79 per acre. Inasmuch as cotton raising is the chief activity of Crittenden county, an industry nominally carried forward by Negro labor since pre-Civil War days, the question arises as to whether or not the thrifty Taps can raise cotton. The little yellow man’s most ardent enemies must admit that he has made good at everything he has ever tried, from making tracks to making battleships. At truck-gardening the Jap is a wonder, and ?t cotton-raising,—well, there is no reason to presume that he can’t deliver. Mississippi county, Arkansas, with a pop ulation of 47.320, of whom 19,907 or 42.1 per cent are Negroes, presents a similar agri cultural picture, with the odds even more strongly set against the Negro fanner. That the Negro farmer. That the Japanese are moving southward has a special significance to the BRETHREN, inasmuch as they are moving northward. The BROTHER must watch his step, and not let go his land hold ings and his abilities to master the soil, lest the thrifty Japanese absorb some of the BROTHER’S American birthright. Northern capital, as never before, is flood ing southern industry and agriculture. More northerners ?re taking vacations in Palm Beach and Miami than ever before and more southerners are “doing” Broadway, New York and State Street. Chicago, than ever before. The Negro farmer, as well as the Negro fac tory hand, must closely watch the exchange of these intersectional confidences, and see to it that they do not permit him to be left at the post by the Japanese, or any other people, which includes native-borns, too. » APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. •vA i The inequitable apportionment of represen tatives in Congress from the Southern States, which, by various instrumentalities of evasion practically disfranchise the bulk of their Ne gro population, is probably the most vital question which confronts the Ne&roes of America in this day when races and peoples are going to move forward, come what may. Last week, in Washington, the National Race Congress of America devoted four days and four nights to consideration of the ab sorbing topic, “The Ballot and Representa tion”. In prayer, song and oration, Race Congress delegates vividly pictured the ballot inequities existing in the “Grandfather” States Which ignore the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution and weep over the Eighteenth. Just a few days prev ious. Senator Bruce, of Maryland, referring to the days of slavery, had commented upoa the fact that northern and western people had ignored the statute and common law which had guaranteed the full fee simple ownership of slaveholders in their Negro slaves, exhib iting, at least faint remorse over a shunting aside of the precepts of our Constitution. But, listen world, a wise man from the East has made his appearance. Mr. Gillette, of Massachusetts, retiring speaker of the House of Representatives, on February 28, 1925, introduced H. R. Bill No. 12449, Pro viding for the apportionment of representatives in Congress under a very unique plan, which, in its final consummation should be beneficial to the BRETHREN. The significant paragraph of Mr. Gillette’s bill provides that “Whenever it appears that under any apportionment a State is entitled to a number of representatives less than the number to which it was previously entitled, the whole number of representatives to which such State is entitled shall be elected at large until such State is redistricted in the manner provided by the law thereof, and in accord ance with the rules enumerated in Section 4 of this Act”. BROTHERS, and SISTERS, too, will do well to procure copies of H. R. No. 12449, study it carefully, and write to their congress men, insisting upon their support of Mr. Gillette’s measure. Things emanating from Massachusetts usually include benefits for our group. Sumner, Tinkham, Gillette, Butler, and, bless me, Mr. Coolidge, too, all came from Massachusetts. Our group is visually safe in the hands of Bay Staters. SNIPE HUNTING M !\ ,S . A J ‘V / AeiOiPtf'SiO ' San? fAEPe. HOl^IaS. 5ACK Af# HE'D D5N2 50foS i?£L'cf /mTo r \ \ Babe Ruth __ I As news front the training cat: in the south begins coming in. 1 conversation in spnrt circles nat t-ally '.urns to Dube Ruth. How inu home runs will he malte this year? is a preacrtpi um for Colds, Grippe, Dengue, Head aches, Constipation, Biliousness j It Is the most speedy remedy we know WARNING TO RACE PEOPLE Don’t take the wrong package! When you ask for Dr. Fred Pal mer’s Skin Whitener Preparations, be sure you get them. Don’t let the clerk hand you the wrong package. ; Hundreds of people have been de ceived, just because they failed to say Dr. FRED Palmer’s. The or iginal Dr. Fred Palmer’s Skin Whitener Preparations have proven their merit, and when yon j buy them you know you are getting the best. Insist upon Dr. Fred Pal mer’s Skin Whitener Preparations, and take no substitute. For sale by druggists carrying preparations demanded by race people. Free samples will be sent if you write Dr. Fred Palmer’s Laboratories, Dept. W-l, Atlanta, Ga., and en close 4c for postage.—(Adv.), I —Try The Planet for one year and you will have it sent to you for a longer time. $2 is the price, post* paid. ESSAY ( OX TEST OY RACE RELATIONS AT KYOXYJLLE C. fl’n'ston News Serviced KNOXVILLE. TENN.. Mar. 13.— Great interest, is he'ng shown by the students of Knoxville College n the priz? for the b' st essay on Rare Re lat: -ins recently cstab'ished by Rev. T. Li. McQuilkin. D.D., of PiCsburg Per.na. The general subject is “The TVv ■'> ib l'ties of Each Race for Bette.- Race Rein* ions’*. The contest s open to nil (he members of the i iunior and senior c asses, and the major’ty of the members of both - c'arses have signified the r inten.ion, 1 (o compete for the prizes. I Dr. McQuilkin intimated that the I winning essay would be published in a relig’ous periodical. This effort to i stimulate a deeper interest in and . study of race relations is highly . commendable, declared a member of the co'lege faculty and it is hoped that many other such prizes will be ; established in this and other institu*i tions throughout the country. The I students of both races should be en jeouraged to glve this question ser I Jous and conscientious study. Judge’s Example Edna Bond. West Virginia moun tain girl, is in the Stark county, workhouse, near Canton. O., serving the stiffost sentence on record for making moonshine liquor. The Judge gave her seven years, and a fine of( $6000. and now club women through out the country are appealing to President Coolidge to have her freeu that she nay begin life again witu her lb tie boy./ n AX ANNOUNCEMENT. The Goodwill Baptist Church, 410 N. Monroe street is a nr-” unit to the Baptist Church, with a very broad program. Rev. W. B. Ra 1, pastor nv fes the pHi»wc and h»s many friends to worship Sunday, March 15th. 11:30 A. M. and 8:30' P. M. Sunday school, 3:30 P. M. Special music. All are invited. REV. W. B. BALL. Pastor. F. BALL, Clerk. —Send In your subscription to The Planet. Those who have already remembered to do so have our last ing thanks. r Stripes Stripes seem to favor the slender yither than the stout this season, they run around instead of up and jown t, Here’s a frock of blue tlaisnes r.ith s wide border of darker bioe nnd gray strip*.** ti«at come almost to the waistiine. ^ 1 Have chi i iu6> seni your ad dress tor t ip ea\ The cow a only $8. ©0 per year will aid a y urnal that nas served v ' »i nearly -alf a cen tury.