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Published ewry Saturday by Bescoe C.
Mitchell, at 111 N. 4* St, Richmond Ta.
One Year_ -»®°
Sin Months. 11°
Three Months. w
All conunanteation* Intended for publi
cation should reach us by Wednesday.
Entered at the Post-office at Richmond
Virginia, as second class matter.
— ■ ■
The Second Baptist Church Incident
Much gossip has been rife
over an incident that occurred
at the Second Baptist Church a
few Sundays ago.
It seems that one of the mem
bers of the Church had died and
the family at first requested the
pastor, Dr. Jos. T. Hill to preach
the funeral. Later the same
family requested Rev. Joseph
Arrington to preach the funer
al. Rev. Arrington got in touch
with Rev. Hill and appraised
him of the fact that the family
had requested him (Rev. Ar
rington) to preach the funeral.
Dr. Hill acquiesced in this ar
rangement and according to the
custom here, extended the cour
tesies of the Second Baptist
Church pulpit to Rev. Arrington.
This was on Saturday night pre
ceding the Sunday morning fu
neral service.
It then occurred to the family
to change the program and in
vite Dr. Hill to preach the ser
mon. It is apparent that each
preacher went to the funeral ex
pecting the other to preach the
sermon. Whatever, appears to
have happened at the service
must be interpreted in this light.
We believe that neither Dr.
Hill nor Rev. Arrington is to be
burned for the fact that the
good sister went on without a
funeral sermon, but that the
family in its grief-stricken con
dition inadvertently confused
the situation.
Look After The Down And Outers
One of our good citizens, who
is a deacon, a barber, philanthro
pist and head of one of our char
acter building agencies told us
this week to say something to
bring our people to a realization
of the fact that we must do more
for our unfortunate brethren
and sisters. _ He complimented
the work of the Community
Fund and expressed the opinion
that we should not stop there.
We have a great opportunity to
help those about us who have
been wounded in the struggle
for existence. The good brother
is right and we pass this on for
you to digest.
Rev. Ball’s Work
We have before us a report of
the work done by the Goodwill
Community Center, under the
direction of Rev. W. Ball. The
amount and type of community
social work done by this insti
tution should be commended by
the citizens of Richmond. Rev.
Ball is a hard worker and con
sistent in his efforts.
Republican Stragety Has Failed
(By William Conklin Brown) . _
The results of last Tuesday's elec
tion tell us that Republican strategy
has failed. The election also tells
us that the Solid South is yet solid.
It would not surprise us to see an
entire change of front in the man
agemen tof the Republican Party.
The results of last Tuesday are so
balanhi 'b
staggering that one can hardly
balance himself to interpret it. But,
first of all the results in Ohio, where
the Democrats seemed to have won
the Governor’s chair, a Senator and
several Congressmen, was Prohibi
tion, Depression and the Parker vote
cutting a big figure. The loss of
Ohc can be traced drectly to the
door of the strategsts of the Repub
lcans. The advisers of the President
have told him that they can throw
the Negro over in North Carolina,
and yet hold the race vote in Ohio,
Indiana, Pennsylvania and New York.
This advice which we suspect
comes from Richmond, Va., from
a famous wrecker of the Republican
party in this state has failed miser
ably. In 1920 the so-called white
Republican party at the advice of this
now famous adviser read the Negro
out. In 1928 this adviser made a
showing and took the state of Vir
ginia from the Democrats on a flim
sy issue, “Race, Romanism and
Rum. In 1929, this same man offer
ed Dr. William Mosley Brown of
Lexington, up to sacrifice on the
same flimsy issue, with hate added to
In 1930 on account of a death on
the Supreme bench, a new member
was to be appointed. Again this
bearer of good news from the
south suggested the name of Judge
Parker, an avowed enemy of the con
stitution of the U. S. The President
accepted the suggestion and with
almost certain defeat facing him,
held to his nominee, who was igno
miniously defeated. But the defeat
of Judge Parker was not the end of
it. The men who voted for him, who
could ill be lost from the Senate
have been followed into theid dis
tricts by the N. A. A. C. P., our most
aggressiv eorganization and helped
to defeat them, because of their
vote in the now famous Parker case.
Of course it would be foolish to give
credit to the alienated Negro vote
for the defeat of the party in pivo
tal states, because rrombition, re
pression and general discontent,
that is world wide—has just reach
ed America. Rightly or wrongly, the
party in power is always charged
with the ecdnomic conditions no mat
ter whether they be good or oad,
as long as they administer the law.
So it now seems that the same condi
tion obtains, that obtained in 1910,
when President Taft was faced with
a hostile Congress. Chaos was ram
paint, and President Wilson was
elected the next two years. Will
history repeat itself?
We venture to say that it will,
unless the Republicans begin now to
build their fences. From the latest
returns it would seem that the Con
gress convening in December 1931,
is going to be close—with a possi
bility of a majority of one for the
Republicans, or maybe the Demo
crats. This will be the closest it
hr.s been in years. The balanve may
be left with the lone Farm-Labor
member in the Senate, with the Dem
ocrats controlling the house. As Ne
groes, we wonder just what effect it
wil lhave upon the race. Again, we
venture to say very little, because
under the skin the Democrats and
Republicans are just about the same.
Yet with this close vote, naturally
the belief will be that the vote in
the election of 1932 will be close.
This will make both parties give
more consideration to the Negro
vote, that showed more assertion in
the last election than any in the
memory of this generation.
To this score the Republicans, who
believe that we belong to themany
how, we may get a much more human
consideration. The Democrats of
the north have already made a oig
bid for the Negro Vote, for they
want to be elected. In New York
City they elected two Negro judges.
But as sure as we are living, it is
going to b ea long time before the
Democrats of the South give the
Negro /much* consideration, other
than a voter, far in the minority. So
it is now left with the Republican
strategist to figure out whether it is
better to stop concentrating on the
south or try and hold the north and
east, which is normally Republican?
These strategists had better., soon
lnd out, or there will be a lots of
Republicans out of jobs.
Dr. W. L. Ransome
The White Pulpit And The Race Problem
Some time ago we were reminded by a white press of our re
sponsibility as Negro leaders to see that criminal assault by Neg
roes against white women be stopped. We make no complaint at
this reminder There are, however, some interesting things that
might be said in this connection, to wit :-Few of the Negroes
thus charged are or ever have been church goers. Some of these
Negroes so charged are by no means guilty, even those who have
charged them have been known to admit the falsity of the charge
later Many of those so charged have been men that were not
Negroes but had blackened their faces that they might make a
“get away” at the expense of the Negro.
The Purpose Of This Article
We do not purpose to discuss crime as such, nor any particu
lar phase of the race problem, but the conditions in general and
what the white pulpit can do to relieve it. The Negro preacher
does not preach to the law makers, nor to the ruling class, nor to
the lynching class. He preaches to the class that is in the minori
ty, with little or no power, no means of defence but God. The
Negro preacher has been preaching “law abidance” ever since the
civil war If the white man had to abide by such laws, under such
conditions as the Negro does, this country would not stand in
peace twenty four hours.
The Church Losing Its Great Opportunity
The white pulpit, with some exceptions, has been and is
still losing a great opportunity in the race matter. It is not human
nature to die for the sake of dying. We make no special plea for
martydom on the part of our white brother of the cloth, yet thei
very position is a challenge to their manhood. Wycliffe and Tyn
dale suffered that we might read the Bible m the Lnghs
guage. Greater is he who suffers that the principles of the Bible
may be carried out. Inter-racial commissions, Seminars, and N. •
A. C. P’s are all good, but they are substitutes. It is the woik o
the church, led on by the clergy to teach men the golden lule.
It is not surprising that men find more interest in other organiza
tions than in the church, when such organizations fight for moie
definite and fundamental principles of Christianity than does the
Things Past
In earlier days of plantation life there was some chance of
contact between the white and colored people. Soon after the cml
war the public school teachers formed a basis ol contact, in
writer was taught by southern white people mostly women when
a student in the high school of Richmond. But little by little these
points oi conLt have ceased and the two races have become more
and more strangers. Our claim is that the Negro and white minis
try should be the point of contact and the clearing house for our
The Negroes will still hear their preacher. The white minist i
is a member of the law making group. Nothing grips the people
like religion. No voice is like that of their priest. Jesus intendei
that the gospel and not law as such should make men brothers.
The Negro and white ministers of Richmond and of the average
large southern city are absolute strangers to one another. These
two groups, heading two different races whose problems need a -
iustment, do not know each other.
A few years ago the writer spoke to the white ministers con
ference of Richmond and proposed a closer affiliation for the goo
of both groups. He proposed a good will day at which time Neg
ministers and white ministers would exchange pulpits. The a
tion to this proposal, in substance,.was about „his.
The white people would not stand for it. I ne tim
vet rine Every man should meet his own congregation m the
morning, and at night there is not much preach in him The white
pastor who advocated such might be requested to hand in his
resignation etc.
These are no worthwhile excuses. How would such an argu
ment compare with the example which the Apostle Paul set for
thp ministry’ Who is he that has ever accomplished anything
worth while 'that has not faced criticism and hardships? The
world still waits for more men who will say, I had rathei be
right than Pastor.”
Hopeful Signs
The recent movement among the clergymen, led on by an
official of the Union Theological Seminary at Richmond is destined
to do more than all the substitutes of the past and present The
only criticism the writer has to make is that it is not broa
enough numerically. Every minister-white and black-of every^de
nomination in this city should assemble together and talk things
over on the race question. It is well enough to send for Dr. Moton
from Alabama to talk about things at large, but we here at home
know many things of which Dr. Moton has never heard. The same
is true in every locality.
That Saint Paul Meeting
The recent meeting at the Saint Paul Episcopal church ought
to be an example for the white clergy in more than ,011® ***• Jhe
writer knows little or nothing about the rector of St. Paul church,
but he ventures to say that such a meeting as the one at which
Dr. Moton spoke would not have been held in such a manner if it
had not met the approval of the rector. The communicants of St.
Paul church did not object, because they reverence the voice and
wishes of their rector. Other congregations would do the same
things should their pulpit desire it. The nature of the Saint Paul
meeting was this:
1. Its purpose was rather for Negro than white weltare.
2. Negroes were seated in the main auditorium*across the
aisles from the white people and not shoved up into some obscure
corner in the gallery.
3. A Negro man stood in the pulpit of Saint Paul-not down
on the floor-in the basement.
4. The Sabbath Glee Club—colored men—rendered music.
The rector of St. Paul and the parishenors of that church
preached more gospel by the way it seated Negroes on that night
than has been preached by any white southern church in a long
time. If the church of which Mr. Jefferson Davis was a member
can do this much, what excuse has any other white church for
doing less? Richmond—“down where the South beins,” ought to
lead the way in bringing about a more like righteous treatment of
the Negro. The white ministry occupies the Strategic point. The
Negro ministry has been and is now ready to cooperate. The
people both white and black will hear their priests and pastors as
they will hear no other voice. The ministry is God’s committee on
adjustment of all unrighteous matters-through preaching the
gospel and practical application.
_ _ _- - - — — -A
Dr. J. S. Allen, a well known
physician of Chester S. C., has
been made operating physician
in the new addition recently
made to the Pryor Memorial
hospital of that place. The ad
dition was added through the
interest of Dr. R. E. Abell, a
white man, in order that Dr.
Allen might be better able to
serve the people of his race.
Both doctors are well known to
this writer, he having once lived
in the famous “Crosby house"
at 125 Mc-Clure St., there, and
who underwent a minor opera
tion at the Pryor hospital which
is situated on Saluda Street, at
the age of eighteen. This town
has a population of about 12,000
people while Richmond has a
population of near 200,000, a
city operated hospital for Neg
roes, yet not one Negro doctor
is allowed to practice there.
What is wrong with the city of
If automobile fatalities con
tinue to occur at the pace that
has been set in the past few
weeks in the streets and on the
highways in and around Rich
mond, those people operating
the air transport lines can
truthfully say that the AIR
PLANE is SAFER than the
That dastardly practice in
dulged in by Richmond POLICE
OFFICERS, of calling colored
people “NIGGERS” in open
Court, or in the street for that
matter, in our opinion is in very
bad taste. Police officers should
remember that when a man is
brought before the BAR OF
JUSTICE, the MAN individual
ly is on trial, and not his origin
or the color of his skin. White
prisoners are addressed as Mr.
Jones, or Mr. Smith. If the offi
cers do not wish to apply the
title “Mr.” when addressing a
Negro, he could very easily say
AN.” The appellation “THIS
NIGGER” when applied to a
Negro prisoner not only violates
the RIGHTS of the prisoner at
the bar, it is a GROSS INSULT
to any other law abiding Negro
who may have occasion to be in
the court-room. We believe that
we have a FAIR and IMPAR
TIAL Judge on the bench in the
Police court in this city, it is
therefore reasonable for us to
believe that he will put an END
to this practice when his atten
tion is called to it. We feel that
a police officer should be fined
for a misdemeanor when it can
be proved in court that he ap
plied a vile name to a prisoner
in the discharge of his duty.
An enormous toll is exacted
annually in human life and limb,
by careless or unthinking driv
ers of automobiles disregarding
the warning signals placed at
“grade crossings" by the Rail
road companies for the protec
tion of life and property. Auto
mobile operators must realize
these three things before there
will be any decrease in “GRADE
That railroad trains always
have the “RIGHT OF WAY,"
that he must obey the rules of
reason for the protection of his
own LIFE and the LIVES OF
OTHERS which he may hold in
HIS HANDS and the fact that
those “STOP, LOOK and LIS
TEN’ signs at grade crossings
means JUST THAT. The latest
grade crossing fatality in the
slate cost the lives of NINE
PEOPLE. NOT ONE occupant
of the machine WAS LEFT TO
The Richmond PLANET cele
brated its 48th anniversary last
week; that the PLANET is
growing is a fact known to all.
Push hard now while it is gain
ing momentum. BUY A COPY
Editor, The Richmond Planet
My attention has just been called
to a most excellent article in your
issue of November 1st, by Professor
C. H. Pearson, Union University.
My purpose in writing is not so
mu^h to refer to that article, which
speaks for itself, as to refer to Dr.
Moton as a race leader.
Many observers wonder why Dr.
Moton desires to pose as a race
1 onor when he cannot sav what he
thinks. If asked his opinion on any
important issue affecting the Negro,
he irnst first think how it is going
to affect his institute at Tuskegee
before he makes answer, then he is
not a race leader in the true sense
of that word. The welfare of Tus
kegee, compared with the welfare of
the entire Negro race, is as nothing.
Perhaps it is a human weakness
that men love place, power and in
fluence; that they crave distinc
tion, fame and wealth. Negro lead
ership has brought many of these
things to Dr. Moton. Few people
will deny that the race question is
a subject of the gravest importance.
No other subject in the South is at
par with the race question. It is
paramount among all the issues of
the day. No vital element of greater
interest has been provoked in the
last half centupy. Practical meth
ods or practical policies for solving
this difficult problem are not clear
even to the best minds, or the most
brilliant leadership.
If a Negro leader speaking on the
public platform is afraid, for any
reason, to speak the unvarnished
truth; if he must flatter and coddle
white people; if he must resort to
positive misstatements and misre
presentations; if he must indulge in
hypocrisy, or deceit, or plain lying,
then there would better be no public
speaking on his part.
If truth, honor, integrity, manhood
and womanhood; if devotion to the
highest moral standards and the
highest Christian ideals, will not at
tain public approval for the race, if
they will not win the battle for the
Negro then we doubt seriously that
the baser things and the lower
standards will do it.
Into the race question; into the
black man’s deplorable situation,
must come a new Negro leader, a
leader of vision, of vigor, of vice,
who will make manifest and declare
the hopes, the longings, the aspera
tions of his race. He must speak his
mind no less independently, no less
emphatically, no less fearlessly than
other men and other leaders.
This new Negro leader must have
progressive ideas of race relations,
of Negro participation in govern
mental control, of equality of eco
nomic opportunity, of justice before
courts of law, or else the Negroes’
rights, liberties and freedom will not
be preserved, will not be advanced,
nor will his cause be fairly presented
to the world.
Theodore W. Jones,
Richmond, Va.
Editor, The Richmond Planet
From the innermost recesses of
my very soul, I applaud and con
gratulate the ‘ Armstrong High
School pupils for their recent PRO
TEST against what they believed
to be uniair treatment. I have pur
posely delayed sending this article
because I wish it to be considered
coolly and calmly.
This PROTEST is the beginning
of an epoch in the history of color
ed people here. Every one of them
ought to join me in applauding and
congratulating these students for
having backuone and grit enough
to do some PROTESTING. There
has been entirely too much petition
ing, pleading and begging.
A colored person may be most
shamefully (mistreated or even
wrongfully arrested anywhere in
Richmond, and there may be fifty
colored people who witness it, but
the fact is, that aside from these
students and other persons like
them, scarcely one of the fifty can
be induced to go to court and testi
fy-so shamefully have they given up
to being overawed and browbeaten.
For the third time, I congratu
late these students for making a
PROTEST. The colored people here
would not be half so badly treated
today if there had been more PRO
TESTS by them. Even in the days
of slavery when colored people had
not the rights of dogs, the slave
who was most badly mistreated and
beaten, was the one who begged and
nlon-'cH. and not the one who PRO
It is fair to say that I endorse
certain advice which has been oger
ed these students as to how they
should have PROTESTED. This is
in place. Tho a man, who has been
shortchanged by a merchant, does
not need to use a shot gun in de
manding his proper change, he is
certainly justified in demanding,
rather then entreating and suppli
cating. I wish to emphasize that I
am expressing my gratitude that
these students had the nerve and
backbone to PROTEST.
Even granting that they exage
rated the wrongs of this particu
lar case, they receive enough un
fair treatment in the Richmond
Public School system, to warrant
PROTESTS from students, parents
and colored people generally. Note
this—white people have already
PROTESTED and words were not
minced in criticising, in public
print, the treatment given colored
people in their school* of Richmond.
—From The Afro-American, No
vember 15, 1930.
The campaign of the National As
sociation for the Advancement of
Colored People and organized labor
againstsenators who voted for Judge
John J. Parker, white, for the U. S.
Supreme Court last spring, undoubt
edly caused the defeat of Senator
Allen (Rep., Kas.) and the election
o? his Democratic opponent.
Senator Capper (Rep.) endorsed
by the N. A. A. C. P. was elected.
In Ohio, McCulloch (Rep.), pro
Parkerite, fell before the Democratic
fir I*.-ley.
Three pro-Parker Senators were
reelected: Metcalf (R. I.) Hastings
(Del.) and Keyes (N. H.), all Re
In Rhoade Island, from 50 to 87
per cent of the colored vote cut Met
In Kansas, the Kansas City Call
declares that Allen could have won
had he received the usual colored
In Ohio, Akron colored districts
voted: McCulloch 329, Bulkley 629.
An entirely colored %>wn, Urban
crest, voted: Bulkley 112, McCulloch
84. Canton voted the Pro-Parker
McCulloch down, 6-1.
In this way the good work went on
last week and the N. A. A. C. P. made
the defeat of Parker so difficult.
There are still other pro-Parker sen
ators on the list of the association
which has a long arm and a longer
That Parker vote is proving a
nightmare to many a politician.
—Fro the Gulfport (Miss.) Her
ald, Oct. 28, 1930.
Both parties are making a big fight
in Ohio for Congressional represen
tation. To show the normal Dem
ocratic weakness in every election,
that party’s committee sent $3,000
into the Ohio campaign, and the Re
publicans $12,000. Senator McCul
loch, Republican, sees a black cloud
on the horizon because he voted to
confirm Judge Parker for the su
preme court: and as there are 150,
000 People, who opposed Judge Par
ker, despite Mr. Hoover, because
what he said was deemed inimical to
the Negro, Senator McCulloch sits
r.ueasily. It is said that the Society
for the Advancement 'jot) 13 non
parti: an, except in matters concern
ing the race, and that the Negio bloc
of the Republican pa-.ly would be
disposed to turn from their >ld po
litical ailies to a “Northern Demo
cratic Liberal Party’’ whatever that
Sunday 23, at Goodwill Baptist
Church, 410 N. Monroe St.,
10:00 A. M.—Sunday School.
11:45 A. M.—Subject “Dont’ put
Your’s in God."
8:30 P. M.—Subject “Go back, pick
it up and use it.”
Rev. W. B. BALL, Minister
New York, Nov. 14- Expressions
of approval and congratulation in all
parts of the United States are greet
ing the Negro’s political independence
in the last election, according to news
reports and congratulatory letters be
ing received by the National Asso
ciation for the Advancement of Col
ored People, 69 Fifth Avenue.
Early editorials comment ranges
from Califonia to Geogia, among the
editors commenting being folowing:
California Eagle, Los Angeles: ‘It
the National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People a potent
iniluence in the affairs of Govern
ment? If there is anp doubt in your
mind in this situation we will give
as reference Judge Parker of North
Carolina; Henry J. Allen, Senator
from Kansas, who cashed in last
Tuesday; McCulloch, Republican nom
inee for the Senate who likewise went
down to defeat on Tuesday.”
Atlanta Independent: “The N. A..
A. C. P. did a good day’s work last
Tuesday and taught the G.O.P. that
it has’nt a perpetual mortgage on the
Negro vote, without regard to how it
treats them.”
Iowa Bystander, Des Moines: “The
N. A. A. C. P. again demonstrated
its ability to fight to the last ditch
for those things which they think
are necessery to the welfare of the
Negro. Nobody will say for a mo
ment that the N. A. A. C. P. did not
make a great fight. It is the kind
of fight which makes them respected
more and d more.”
Hot Springs Echo, Arkansas: me
Negro in the North is a Democrat
when it paps to be and is a Republi
can where and when it is worth while
and that seems to be what the N. A.
A. C. P. would call sensible politics.”
C. Blythe Andrews in Florida Sen
tinel, Jacksonville; “Ohio and Kan
sas should interest you. There you
did some effective work through the
N. A. A. C. P.
In addition to those first editorial
utterances a flood of congratulatory
letters and telegrams is pouring in
on the N. A. A. C. P. National Office
among which are the following ex
Congressman Oscar Depriest: “Con
gratulations on your good work in
Kansas and Ohio.”
Rev. Sam B- Wallace, Columbia, S.
C.: “Accept my sincerest congratu
lations upon our great victory in Kan
sas, Ohio and elsewhere.”
Seymour Carroll., South Carolina
Natural Resources Commission: “It
is the most outstanding work in race
relations that has been accomplished
sin^e the war between the States.
Charles Edward Russel: “You and
Dr. Du Bois and the others certain
ly did a masterly job in Ohio and else
where and the results fill us all with
unbound satisfaction. It was a bles
sing to see McCoulloch go down. Som
of these gentlemen will think ewice
before they again trp to kick the col
ored people of America in the face.”
E. A. Ross. President Marion, Ohio
N. A. A. C. P : “Sincere congratu
lations upon your most decisive vic
tory in Ohio.”

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