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We Wish A Merry hristmas To All
VOLUME-XLVHI. Number”(b RICHMOND, VA., SATURDAY, DECEMBElT20r1930 $2,00 PER YEAR; 5 CENTS PER COPY Local Pastor To Following the heated discussions evoked by two. weeks of Revival Services led by Rev. Josephine Becton and her youthful party, at Leigh Street M. E. Church, at oth and Leigh St, Dr. Robert Moten Williams, Pastor, will answer pointed questions directed by indignant Richmonders in a Specially Prepared Sermon Sunday morning December 21st from his pulpit. m To sate the demands of his press ing congregation Dr. Williams will present a fiery discussion on “Free Lance Evangelism”. Rev. Mrs. Bec ton, famous female Evangelist came to Richmond two weeks ago at the invitation of Dr. Williams to conduct revival services for two weeks. In the midst of revival services Dr. Williams, outraged at the forceful manner in which Rev (Mrs.) Becton flayed the practices of the modern ministry, abruptly closed the services last week. Without an explanation of his extraordinary conduct Dr. W illiams after effecting a compromise reopen ed the services and prevented the Inter-denominational Ministers Con ference meeting at Ebenezer Baptist Church, Monday afternoon to ban and condemn his guest minister. Current comment coupled with numerous demands for an explana tion makes it imperative that the Rev. Dr. Williams respond. In a special message Dr. Williams will answer 6 Whys of Rev. Becton. 1. Why I brought Rev. Josephine Becton to Richmond. 2. Wrhy the intelligent people of the city and congregation failed to support her. 3. Why I did not support her. 4. WThy she was a failure—finan cially. 5. Why no minister attended her recital tho offered free tickets. 6. Why I didn’t allow the ministers to pass a resolution condemning her. -o FAMOUS INDIAN CHIEF WILL SING AT LEIGH STREET M. E. CHURCH SUNDAY Chief Kiutus Tecuniseh, famous Indian Chief of the Washington State Reservation will appea for the first time before a colored congrega tion here at Leigh Street Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, Sunday iv’ternoon at 3:30 P- M. in a recite. Chief Tecuniseh is a singer of note and has appeared in many of the leading white churches of Richmond in recent weeks. He will be support DR. JOHN M. GANDY GETS APPOINTMENT President John M. Gandy of Virginia State College has been appointed to the National Ad visory Committee of Educational Specialists by the Commission of Education of the United States Department of the interior. Thru the National Office of Education, this department of the govern ment is devoting considerable at tention to the educational pro Iblems of the race. The purpose of this new committee is to assist the Government Specialist in the Educaion of the Negro in ascer taining and presenting the facts regarding these problems and to render expert advice on the inter pretation of the educational needs of the race. President Gandy was already a member of the Advisory Commit tee of the general Secondary Sur vey and his appointment to this new committee is further recogni tion of his training, ability and experience as an educator of the highest order. Virginia State Col lege rejoices in this new honor which has come to her President. ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** Consider Union Of Two Local Churches i ***** * * * * • ***** i Former President New York, Dec. 12.—J. E. Spin gurn has been elected President of the National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People, suc ceeding the late Moorfield Storey, of Boston, it was announced today at the organization’s National Ottices, Of Fifth Avenue. Mr. Spingarn, a scholar of inter national reputation, is at present lit erary advisor and Vice-President of Harcourt, Brace & Co., publishers, and is the author of numerous works of literary history, criticism, and poetry. Mr. Spingarn was one of the char ter members of the National Associa tion for th eAdvancement of Colored People and has been actively support ing its work during its entire history of twenty-one years. He was chair man of the Association’s Board of Directors from 1913 to 1919 and since 1919 has been the Associa tion's Treasurer. He is also donor of the celebrated Spingarn Medal, which is awarded annually to a United States citizen of African descent for highest achievement in some field of honor able endeavor, the medal hoving been awarded in seventeen consecu tive years. It has gone to Roland Hayes, Professor G. W. Carver of Tuskegee, Harry Burleigh, James Weldon Johnson, President Mordecai Johnson of Howard University and other distinguished colored men and women. Educated at Columbia and Har vard, Mr. Spingarn started teaching at Columbia in 1899 and retired in 1911 as Professor of Comparative Literature and Chairman of the Di vision of Modern Languages and Literatures. He has been a life-long friends of Benedetto Croce, th ecele brated Italian philosopher and of nu merous other European men of let ters. In 1914 he was made honorary citizen of the city of Munich. Mr. Spingarn was one of the founders of the Progressive Party and was a delegate to its National Convention in 1912 and 1916. He was Republiican candidate for Con gress from New York in 1908 and delegate to numerous Republican con ventions. He was an iintimate friend of Theodore Roosevelt. He retired f.om politics in 1916. In the World War, Mr. Spingarn served as Major Infantry and on his return from France was promotted to Lieutenant Colonel in the Officers Reserve Corups. He worked hard during the war to obtain traing camp opportunities for colored offi cers at Des Moines, works are Among Mr. Spingarn’s literary works are “A History of Literary Criticism and the Renaissance;” “The New Criticism;” “The New Hesperi des and Other Poems;” “Creative Criticism” and “Poetry and Re ligion.” Mr. Spingarn also edited “Critical Essays of the Seventeenth (Continued on page 8) ed by the I. P. E. A. Club and Miss Mary Mayo, of Virginia Union Uni versity- Mr. Claiborne Dickerson, musical director of the church will act as master of ceremonies. The public is cordially invited. Says Machines Threaten Man With Destruction * * * * * ***** ***** Fine White Youth For Striking Colored Man Disturbs Brain New York—Has man a chance to survive the machine age he has cre ated? Or is he changing his physi cal world so rapidly that he will be annihilated as were the saber-tooth ed tiger and tha mastodon? Raymond Blaine Fosdick, writer on political and social problems and a brother of the Rev. Harry Emer son Fosdick, declares that unless the social sciences are advanced to a place of equality with physics, chem istry and biology, there isn't much hope. “We have utilized our growing ac quaintance with the laws of nature to harness new forces and transform the physical world about us, but the scientific springs of his conduct, and of human relations, has not been pushed with anything like the same eagerness, and with little of the same technique,” Mr. Fosdick says in Golden Book Magazine. “In spite of his new weapons and of his increased powers, man him self remains as he was and always has been —irrational, impulsive, emo tional, inherently conservative to change, bound by customs and tradi tions which he will not analyze, the victim of age-old conventions and prejudices. “Except for a certain urbanity, the good nature and good temper of the herd ,modern man is probably not far removed from his paleolithic ancestors, Science has exposed this paleolithic savage, masquerading in modern dress, to a sudden shift in environment which threatens to un balance his brain.” Among current ideas that must be scrutinized and revalued, Mr. Fosdick says, are the conceptions of patriot ism and of industry. “Once patriot ism was a unifying force thatbrought order among ' small conflicting groups,” he declares. “Today, in the world-wide society of mankind, it has become a disintegrating force.” He believes industry has upset the scale of human values, for it no long er is one element of life, but the whole of life- “Industry was made for man, not man for industry,” he says. Mr. Fosdick sees the way out in “a fundamental reappraisal of things that have hitherto been regarded as more or less sacrosanct” and in a public opinion “conscious of the growing disporportion of civilization and eager to encourage creative work in the sphere of human rela tionships.” -o CAREY WHEATON ADDRESSES FREDERICKSBURG ELKS. Fredericksburg, Dec. 15-—Carey Wheaton .prominent Richmond Elk delivered the address at the lodge of sorrow held here Sunday by Rappa hannock Lodge of Elks, No. 229. He was introduced by Warren W. Lee. P. G- Willis is Exalted Ruler and Ben Hart, chairman of the occasion. Vigorous Defense Of Planet Writer To The Editor Richmond Planet:— Please accept my heartiest con gratulations for your determination to give our people news, not garbled, but the news as it is, without favoritism and without fear. Know ing you personally, I know that you dislike to publish anything which will be hurtful to your race or any member thereof, but ‘.facts are facts” and “news is news”. I am sure the white press regrettec^to publish a short while ago, that crime amongst the white youth was increasingly at a far greater pace than among color ed. Nevertheless, when the statement of this “fact” made it “news”, it was promptly published by the white press in their news columns and some of them commented on it editorially. It is indeed unfortunate that a minister should be the subject of sensational news, in the columns of the papers, but it is your duty to pub lish the news and it is the duty of each person, and certainly of each minister, to so live that no newspaper can be called on to publish any derogatory news with himself as the subject. I realize and recognize that this is a country of religious freedom. I contend for this myself. I am aware that a Baptist Church is a sovereign body. I admit that any such church has the right to have whomsoever it desires as a pastor to shepherd the flock, and is amenable to no power (Continued on Page 2) GOVERNOR POLLARD WILL ADDRESS COLORED CITIZENS His Excellency John Garland Pollard, Governor, State of Vir. ginia will address the Colored Cit izens of Richmond at the First African Baptist Church, 14th and Broad Street, Sunday, December 21, 1930, 3:30 o’clock, p.m. Di\ W T. Johnson. Pastor PROGRAM: Horace H. Scott. Master of Ceremonies. Opening Selection—Choir Devotionals—Dr. W. T. John son. Music—Richmond Choral Club. Selection—Mrs. Ella Carter. Music—Crusaders Literary Club Offertory—Richard Thompkins and Wendell P. Kemp Brief Sketch of Church History —Chas. W. Robinson Introduction of Speaker — Dr. W. T. Johnson. Address — Dr. John Garland Pol lar, Governor. Music—Richmond Choral Club Benediction. Under auspices of Usher Board and Elcelsior Bible Class. Com mittee — H. H. Scott, Richard Thompkins, C. W. Robinson. Paid Damages Mr. M. A. Turner, 1403 Lakeview Avenue, who was struck while riding a bicycle at the intersection of Cary and Beech Streets by a truck driven by E. H. Cooke, 17, 4010 Crutchfield Avenue, was the victor at the trial which was held in the Juvenile Court, Judge J. Hoge Ricks on the bench, on Tuesday last. The significant phase of the case is the fact that Turner who was struck by the truck driiven by Cooke, who was white, refused the offer of Cooke to pay for the damage done the bicycle because Cook refusd to allow «him (Turner) anything for the damage to his person.Officer R. W. West, who made the arrest, in formed Turner that if he did not accept the offer made by the white youth, he woufd be placed under arrest, whereupon Turner informed the officer that, that would be all right, the officer then placed both under arrest. At the trial in which Turner was charged with “careless and reckless riding,” the charge against Cooke being careless and reckless riding, the chares against Turner were dis missed and Cooke drew a fine of 12.30 and ordered by the Judge to make a satisfactory financial settle ment with Turner, which he did. The charges brought against Mr. Turner was the subject of editorial com ment by the News Leader; we how ever, failed to note any editorial comment on the outcome of the trial. Local Elks Hold Memorial The Memorial Services of Williams Lodge, No. 11, and Queen Esther Temple, No. 70 I. B. R 0. E. of W. were held Sunday evening December 14. at the Hippodrome Theatre. The Memorial address was deliver ed by Lawyer W. Bernard Johnson of Trenton N. J. Lawyer Johnson was introduced by Dr. Leon A. Reid. Mr. Julian P. Jones, Ex. Ruler and Mrs. Emma Washington Dt. Ruler were presiding. The Eulogies were deliver ed by Bro. G. W. Boffman and Dt. Emily Ewell. The Elk’s Last Song was lead by Bro. Roy Singleton. Mrg. Ella Carter gave a dramatic reading and Mrs. Olivia W. Smith rendered a solo. The Memorial Committee consisted of Brothers, Theodore Jones, Wm. McKissick, John A. Jones, William I.ightfoot, Frederick Scott, R. A. Eggleston, Richard Johnson, James Robinson, M. C. McSwann, Flay Dixon and James H. Ammons. Daughters Maggie Dixon, Aretha Davis. Mary Tyler, Carrie McLaugh lin, Ellen Coleman, Kate Smith. ODE The Faults of our Brothers we write upon the sands Their virtues'upon the tablets of love and memory. In Fulton Nay Unite Much comment has been heard this week anent the proposed union of certain churches in Richmond, the details of which appeared in our last issue. Members of the churches con cerned have taken no definite action and the pastors have made no com ments, but there seems to be an opin ion among many that the move made by Messrs. E. R. Storrs and J. Henry Peters was not a bad one. Our reporters picked up some well authenticated reports that the mem bers of two churches in Fulton are discussing the feasibility of a union of these two churches. If true, this would remove a great burden, now upon the people of Fulton. If these two churches could be housed under om roof, the saving in expenses would be a great help to this section. It appears that at the present time one of these churches is without a pastor and organic union should be a little easier. Discussion of church union has been gaining headway here since Dr. W. L. Ransome speaking through his editorial in The Planet advocated a reduction in the number of churches loreabouts. It will be recalled fha" Dr. Ransome was called before the Baptist Ministers Conference here to defend this position, which he did to the satisfaction of all. Economists say that the Negroes of Richmond are spending too much money each week for the mainten ance of churches and too little for other necessities. The Planet’s staff is now completing an investigation, which will show how much money is being spent to run churches here and vyill release this series of articles in the near future. Richmond Man Honored Washington, D. C-, Dec. 15—(A. A;• „?~The appointment of T. Arn old Hill to act in a cooperative ca pacity with the President’s emergen cy committee for employment was announced today by Colonel Arthur Woods, chairman of the committee Mr. Hill who was horn in Richmond Virginia, is a graduate of the Vir ginia Union University. He has served for some years as director of Industrial Relations of the National Urban League. In his capacity as a representative of the President’s emergency committee, Mr. Hill is charged with maintaining contacts between the committee and the col ored people throughout the country. -o RICHMOND URBAN LEAGUE TO MAKE SURVEY OF NEGRO UNEMPLOYMENT IN CITY REQUESTS UN-EMPLOYED TO REGISTER In order to get the facts on the number of the unemployed among our group, and thereby plan for adequate relief, the Richmond Urban League,, No. 2 W. Mar shall Street, is asking all Negro men and women who are out of jobs to register at the Urban League office any day between the hours of 9 a. m. and 5 p. m. This step is being taken for two reasons: Plans are being made to assist the unemployed in our city, Of Leaders By A. Clayton Powell Miss Nannie H. Burroughs, whose pen is mightier than a sword, in a syndicated article, about three weeks ago mercilessly castigated the preachers, churches, fraternal and welfare organizations for their in difference toward the unemployed, suffering Negroes. She characterized Negro leaders as “hibernating ground hogs who will peep out in February to see if win ter is over,” and concludes with this stinging challenge: “If we have leaders, now is the time for them to go to leading the people and to stop bleeding the people.” I have waited in vain for an answer to this indictment. For fear that silence may be construed as giving consent, I am breaking into the columns of every Negro news paper in the United States I can reach. Every close obsei-ver will admit that the situation is the most tragic we have faced since the Emancipa tion. If there was any doubt about the seriousness of the depression among Negroes, that doubt was dis pelled about two weeks ago when T. Arnold Hill of the National Urban League, completed and published a survey of “Unemployment Among Negroes” in the United States. This report shows that about one fourth of the colored people in the twenty five large cities are out of work and hungry. This is not only a most pathetic challenge to every race lead er and race organization, but to every Negro individual who has a job and is living comfortably. If the churches do not answer this chal lenge they ought to shut up and close up. The churches will give a glorious answer to this heart-rending appeal if the preachers will lead. I am in spired to make this statement by the generous response of most of the churches in Manhattan, New York. Four churches in New York City have opened free food kitchens at 1 the suggestion and under the leader ship of their pastors. These, and other pastors have established a cen tral Relief Bureau where clothes, food, coal and ofttinxes a little money are given to the 35,000 unemployed txien and women of the race in ‘the city. This Bureau is under the direc tion of Rev. Shelton Hale Bishop, Assistant Rector of the St. Phillip’s P. E. Church. Rev. Bishop is working night and day to find jobs for the jobless and to give relief to the suftering thousands. Three weeks ago the Abyssinian Baptist Church opened a Relief (Continued on page four) «»LERIDCE DAVIS AND HIS HARDY BROS. ORCHESTRA \r fine and noble Richmond, J8'' boys are now playing their ^drd week in Washington. D. C„ and are leaving the U. S. A. on April 16, 1931 for Madrid, Spain to fill a 24 week engagement at the Club Ambassador. They were booked there through Mr. A. E. Litchman, owner of the Lichtman chain of theatres. This group will be the first colored band to be featured in Madrid. It Is composed of all Richmond boys and it will be the first trin a board for any of them. The band concsists of 14 men and will be ac companied by that little enter tainer, Valoda Snow of “Shuffle Along” fame. Coleridge Davis pianist and Director, Weseley Hardy, Warner Carter, Ramon Valentine, trum pets; Henry Hardy, Robert Smith, Clement Pierre, reeds; Alvin Campbell, violin; Clarence Hen ley, drums; Levin Hill,string bass and tuba; Wendell Jackson, trom bone. They tour carrying our best wishes.