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'The papers formerly known as The Statesman and The Independent, have been merged into The Denver Star
' ' 1 TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. Number 37 Segregation Advocated Owing to its length. this article is onjy reproduced in part, and taken from “ I he- Harpoon” of pa per published in the interest of the Brotherhood of Postal Workers. — Ed. following this article, ap pear two petitions which the temporary secretary has been requested to publish in this issue. Both petitions deal with the question of the negro in the service. The first was originated by Mr. Alva K. ' Richards, secretary-treasurer of Salt Lake Local No. i, B. p. \V„ and has for its purpose an amendment to the Consti tution which would permit ne gro clerks to join the Brother hood but would debar them from holding national offices. This amendment proposes fur ther to grant to negro mem- Ikis the right to organize in segregated locals, unless the white members of any particu lar local should unanimously consent to have the negro members meet with them. Mr. Richard s argument is pub lished hereinafter in connec tion with his proposed amend ment, and the members arc invited are to read the same, and if they desire to do so, to communicate direct with Mr. Richards at Salt Lake City. That the race question in the service in the South de mands official attention, will hardly be denied by anyone conversant with the situation. The editor of this journal is a •firm believer in the rights of negro citizens to pursue any vocation for which they are fitted, and to earn their daily bread in such vocations with out interference. The law of the land entitles them to hold employment in the govern ment service, and the four teenth amendment to the con stitution confers upon them the rights and privileges of citizenship. But a broad and tolerant view of the situation in the service in the South, compels the candid observation that segregation is the logical so lution ot a condition that has become grave; and from the information that has reached us, we believe that segrega tion would be welcomed by the negro clerks as well as by the white clerks. It is entirely natural that this should be the case. Throughout the entire South, and quite generally throughout the North, negro citizens have maintained their own churches, and every re ligious denomination in the South maintains separate churches for the black people The Denver Star of its faith; and in many cases, separate schools. This does - not spring basically from hatred between the races, we believe, but simply from racial differences more or less irre concilable in their nature. A similar segregation could be effected in the service: if not by R. F. O.'s, it could surely be made by crews. In this connection, each member should give earnest consideration to the proposi tion proposed by Mr. Richards of Salt Lake City, which is se gregated membership for ne gro clerks with the stipulation that no negro shall become a national officer in the associa tion. Mr. Richards argues that the negro clerk cnuld be “handled better within the or ganization than without,” and the temporary secretary begs to method : Brotherhood of organizing the negroclerks, or assisting them to organize, for the purpose of advocating and advancing a policy of segregation, that a speedy solution of the race problem in the service might be reached. A Petition. To Hob. Albert S. Barleton, Postmas ter General, Wasbinftoa, D. C. Sir: We. the undersigned Railway . Postal Clerks, re spectfully request you to look into conditions confronting our branch of the service, es pecially in the South, —condi- tions relating to the indis criminate mixing of negro and white clerks jn crews in all lines throughout the country. We feel assured that the Ser vice would be very much benefited and the standard of efficiency raised if the races could be segregated, the ne groes placed on lines to them selves. In no other employ ment in the country are the races so promiscuously thrown together on equal footing as they are in the Railway Mail Service. In the army, negro soldiers are assigned to sepa rate regiments. Whereas, in our branch of the Service, any working crew is likely to be halt white and half black; and sometimes there is a negro clerk in charge. On long runs, where we are compelled to be together night and day, the conditions are sometimes disgusting, and have caused many a good clerk to quit the service rather than stay and endure them. Each car is provided with one wash-basin and one toilet "fa cility, and every member of the crew is compelled to use DENVER. COLORADO. SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1913, Now is The Time After much hard work by »me and much wishing by many others, a real Y. M. C. A. Vith a regular secretary in charge with quarters, is about to be established. At Shorter church, Sunday afternoon at 3 o’clock, In ternational Secretary J. E. Moorland, will put the move ment on foot and lay plana |rom which to work. The hearty co-operation of both oUAnd young, male and fe male, is needed and 'we appOJal to the community as a whole to come out and make tMt meeting a grand success. Every city of any size, except Denver has a Y. M. C. A.— a place for the young men kd gw for recreation. The white organization al ttf give it support financially and otherwise, and it is nojr'ifcrduty of every negro to put their shoulder to the whee£afid push. Come, parents, and bring your children. Cook, |X>fs. and bring your girls. Come everybody and bring anyone you can. the same in common, ©n lines where it is necessarjf to sleep at night, clerks Jptre thrown disgustingly gether by reason of the space that can be used*for sleeping purposes. All tnese. causes and many keeping the very best malar ial out of the Service nd%- days, while: the parts of the country continues at a latio three to one. Some of these negroes are of the lowest element, even crimi nals among them. The most ignorant are easily coached to pass the examination by the many correspondence schools located throughout the country that make a spe cialty of preparing negroes for the Civil Service examina tions. We will not go further into the racial conditions sur rounding our branch of the Service, but we humbly beg you to investigate conditions and to act upon your o.vn judgment as tothe best course to pursue in regard to them We are sure the negroes can - not object to segregation. It is the best thing for them as well as ourselves. We, there fore, leave it with you, trust- ' ing you will believe we are acting for the sole purpose of raising the standard of the Service and promoting our positions and selves in the eyes of our fellow-men. EDUCATIONAL MEETING An educational mass meet ing for the negro race will be held at 2:30 o’clock this after noon at the old Orpheum theatre under the auspices of the Atlanta Normal and In: dustriai institute. E. H. In man, one of the wealthiest and most influential men of Atlanta, will preside and num bers of others among the lead ing white men of Atlanta who are striving to uplift the negro race and aid their leaders, will be seated on the platform. RICH WOMAN MARRIES NEGRO B St. Louis, Mo., April 2. —“I Bo not care what Jhecomes of ke. 1 wish I were dead, for ■veryone knows that I am ■tarried to a negro.” This credited to divorced- I irom Charles B. Gerhart, a : wealthy real estate operator, by Mrs. Timothy Cox, at whose home Mrs. Gerhart died yesterday from bromodia taken presumably with suicide intent, is expected today' to furnish the basis for a coro ner’s verdict. That M rs. Julia McFarlane Pocock Gerhart had married L. W. Kellogg, a negro, for ■ merly butler in the Gerhart home, became known last night when Kellogg, now em ployed at the residence of Colonel Frederick D. Gard ner, appeared at the Central police station and asked if he was wanted in connection with M rs. Gerhart's death. When told that he was not, the ne gro explained, with evident pride, that he was the lawful husband of Mrs. Gerhart, that they were married in St. Paul Nov. 22. Me left the station without being questioned at length, saying he would re port at the eleventh district station. News that the former social leader had become the wife of ■a negro came as a shock to persons who had known her. Mrs. Cox declared that Mrs. Gerhart allowed the negro to call at the Cox home and informed Mrs. Cox that he was her husband. She also declared that Mrs. Gerhart showed her a man iage license issued in St. Paul. The Proper Spirit. Chicago, March eg.—Be cause the management of the fashionable Hotel LaSalle re fused to admit Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett, president of the Chi cago Colored Woman's club, 200 Chicago clubwomen who had arranged a meeting in the hotel this afternoon in dignantly withdrew. Interesting News Concerning the Race. INSURANCE CO. IN ATLANTA The Standard Life Insur ance company, H. E. Perry. President, recently licensed by the Georgia state insur ance department, is believed to be the first old-line life in surance company organized exclusively by negroes to write insurance among ne groes. Insurance circles gen erally are interested in the circumstances', under which the company begins opera tions, since they believe they may indicate a new field of activity for the negro. The stable nature of the company is indicated in the fact that it passed easily the inspection of the state insur ance department, which now operates under rigid new laws designed to weed out ‘“blue sky" concerns. Its capital stock of Sioo.ooo was sold jwith premiums of $38,000. Tbe promotion expenses total the unusually conservative ag gregate of eight per cent and total organization expenses two per cent. Georgia muni cipal bonds to the amount of Sioo.ooo have been deposited with the state treasurer. Al ready the company has on file applications for insurance totaling $400,000. Negroes From South The company, whose home offices will be in Atlanta, ex pects to do business among negroes throughout the south generally. Its officers are: H. E. Perry, president: Wm. Driskell, vice-president; Har ry H. Pace, secretary: J. O. Ross, treasurer: Thomas H. Slater, M. D., medical direc tor; George Dyre Eldridge, New York, consulting actuary. Mr. Eldrige is the only white man connected with the com pany, and is an actuary of national reputation. He pre pared all the policy forms and rates for the company, and they are so classified as to secure only the most desir able risks. The incorporators and board of directors are drawn from among the rrvost repre sentative and well-to do ne groes of the southern states, practically the entire cotton belt being included. ' From Leslie’s Weekly. Harriet Tubman Davis, an ex-slave and very noted negro abolitionist and civil war nurse and union spy, died at the home founded by her for aged negroes at Auburn, N. Y., after an active life of pS years. Five Cents a Copt MUSIC FESTIVAL AT ATLANTA I he musical festival and voice demonstration by stu. dents of Atlanta Baptist college drew an audience of 4,000 white and colored people to the auditorium Friday night. In addition to the large local representation present, for mer students and alumni of the college were there from various other towns and cities in Georgia and Alabama. An interesting and varied program was rendered, con sisting of exercises in voice culture, orchestral selections, old time negro melodies, in strumental solos and melodies by negro composers, and ren ditions of Kipling’s “Rolling Down to Rio" and Gounod’s "Gallia” by a male chorus of 250 voices. As a whole the entertain ment was very creditable. Many numbers elicited vigor ous and enthusiastic applause from the audience. Chicago, March 31, 1913. Editor Denver Star: Please announce in your pa per that I extend to Rocky Mountain Lodge No. 2320, G. U. O. O. F,, my deepest gratitude for their kindness to me and to my deceased husband; the members showed that they regard their obliga tions; also express my thanks to the president and secretary of the Odd Fellows’ Endow ment Bureau for so promptly paying the endowment that Mr. J. E. Jones carried. Respectfully, Mary Joxes. NOTCE! Subscribers receiving more than one copy of The Star will kindly notify this office. I hose whose papers have been dropped by mistake will kindly notify this office. Noti fy at once if you change your address or leave the city. We trust that our subscribers will be as considerate as possible as we have not got fully ar ranged our mailing list. WASHINGTON. A bar has been raised against the colored patrons of the Belasco theatre. They must go to the gallery if they want to see white shows. Now, ne groes will potronize their own theatres and will not present themselves for admission at the Belasco, which says no negroes need apply.