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The Denver Star has the Largest Circulation among Colored People. Get Wise and Advertise The papers formerly known as The Statesman and The independent, have been merged into The Denver Star TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR Number 42 The Negro Race As Recorded In History (Continued from last issue.) Except from those who were not directly profit-shar ers in this infamy, there was no hope for its abolition on humanitarian grounds. Eng land was the first to abolish the institution itself in her do minions, because the mass of the English people received no benefits from slavery. Similarly, in the United States the sentiment against this evil was strongest in the northern states because the people thereof, being removed from institution, were able to see more clearly its permcious features than could those who were involved in the system. With the exception of the ports from which the slave traders made theirclandestine sallies, the North received no benefit from slavfery and vari ous states had therefore abol ished it.'When, therefore, the attempt was made to in troduce into the new states and territories an economic system which would have proved disastrous to the insti tutions of the free men of the North who desired to be the principal occupants ot these new lands, the whole country was plunged into a war which resulted in the legal abolition of slavery in the United States. Without bloodshed slavery had been abolished in the French colonies in 1848 for reasons analogous to those which had led to its abolition in lfritish possessions in 2534. In 1863 the Dutch emanci pated their slaves, and a quar ter of a century later the last vestiges of property in human beings had been removed from the Spanish and Portuguese countries in America. It is altogether to the credit of those far -seeing patriot and humanitarians in the United States and the other slave holding countries who insist ed on keeping before the pub lic mind the monstrous evil which the system of slavery was, not only to its evident victims, but as well to its tem - porary beneficiaries, that their vision was made more clear by reason of their compara tive remoteness from the ob ject of their disinterested ser „ v ice and often heroic self-sac rifice. Nor can the history of chattel slavery be closed without due consideration to the part that the Negroes themselves played in the de struction of this iniquity. The triumph of Toussaint L Ouv erturc in Santo Domingo, the first American country to har bor the black bondsman as it had been the first to destroy the Indian, struck terror into the heart of slavery every where and gave hope and en couragement to men who looked to the Negro himself to break his chains. In this country the Negro was eman cipated in anticipated pay ment fo. his past in preserv ing that Union which as the great Commander in-Ch.ef of military and naval forces The Denver Star of the United States declared at the close of the Civil War, could not have been preserved without the aid of black arms. Indeed, that the nation was so long rent asunder is due solely to the fact that the Confederate States enjoyed to the full the support of black arms out stretched in anxious longing toward the North which, bent on Union and not on freedom, con temptuously spurned the ser vice of the Negro until dire neccessity drove the Wash ington Government to enlist Negro troops and promise the black people their free dom in exchange for their services. The consideration which actuated Lincoln, as thechos en leader of all the American people and at that time all the American people meant, as it means today in many quarters, some of the white people and none of the other peoples—were not altruistic, because a whole nation is sel dom actuated by altruistic motives, if indeed there be any such thing as thorough going unselfishness in human nature, either in the individ ual or the group. The meet ing of the Xegro and the white man in modern civilization was in the nature of a busi ness agreement, according to which the former was to be baptized and to learn to wear clothes, in return for which favors he was to cultivate lands and do other service for the white man. This meeting and agreement did not take place where other white men or Indians could be obtained to do what was required of the Negro. The arrangement might have worked well and harmoniously for all, if in time the white man, as he grew rich from Negro labor, did not completely abrogate his obligations to the black man while he continued to exact from the latter tribute in excess of the stipulations in the contract, at the same time closing to the black man every possible avenue of es cape from his condition. This breach of faith was wisest in the United States and. conse quently, the remedy taken to close it was extremest in this country. But the chasm has not yet been completely filled and this because of the studied effort in some quarters to keep it open by cheating the Negro of his pay for his second great service to the white man, a service which would not have become nec essary but for the white man’s duplicity and tleceit with re gard to the original contract. Clearly, then, the solution of the problems arising from the presence of the black man in America, problems which in many respects have been ren dered more acute and difficult since the Civil War, lies in giving due consideration to the demands of the Negro for a just reward for his services DENVER, COLORADOrfSiATURDAY, JUNE 13 1914 to society and tor the enlarged opportunities tor advance ment which this fairness and justice imply. It is better now than at some future time for the American people to realize that if the white man is not bound to respect the right of the Negro to me. liberty and the pursuit of happiness in the light ot his growing intelli gence the white man must himself be deprived of the privileges and opportunities of freedom. The idea that some human beings were created especially to be the slaves of others . is compara tively new,except as regards the attitude of the victor to ward the captive in war, and even this has disappeared from modern civilization. The. effort to keep the N'egro in practical slavery by means of infamous legislative enact ments and by more *infamous unworded acts, is often de fended and abetted by those who know nothing ot the his tory of the Negro on the ground *that he has accom-; plished nothing of value in the thousands of years he has, been known to exist. But there is no evidence to that the people whom the Ra- 1 mans found in Britian were better able to cope with the forces of nature and provide for their wants than were the Negroes at that time or since in their own allotted 'portion of the earth. Nor is there any reason to suppose that the ancient peoples of North ern Europe whose descend ants now dominate the world would have evolved out of their own consciousness a knowledge of the thirgs which were unnecessary to their existence until Roman soldiers transformed the trackless forest into cultivat ed fields and toads that have stood the test of twenty cen turies; replaced the boats of of skins and logs that occa sionally crossed the Strait of Dover with galleys that could withstand the storms in the Bay of B iscay and, passing by the Pillars of Hercules, over come the treachery of the Mediterranean. It is not nec essary to inquire what made the peoples of Southern Eu rope and those on the oppo site shores of the great inland sea the custodians and pro creators of modern civiliza tion. Suffice it to say that, hail the legions of Caesar ascend ed the valley of the Nile to Omdurman and Knartoum and beyond, instead of cross ing the Alps and the Vosges and the Strait of Dover, the Kaffirs of South Africa might now be sending stockholders to operate the -coal mines of Britain and live in luxury by the sweat of the brows of the skin-clothed savage progeni tors of the race which, muta tis mutandis, is the proud ami self-styled Angle Saxon. Contact with human beings of habits of life different from one's own, together with easy means of communication for such contact, is the basis of progressive civilization. In o»is country there are today | thousands of white people Who, because of their isola . tion from their fellows, have . remained in a condition of . Stagnant and sterile mentailty. t Slavery was not the best [ Means which an enlightened I civilization would have devis . to bring to Negro in con . >act with his fellows, but it t V as the means most expedient . lo a semi-barbarous civiliza . (ion which had not yet realiz t *** the iniquity of property in .pitman beings. Perhaps it . was no worse than the slavery . Ip s which these semi-barbari -5 had themselves been sub - to bring them out of I -Worse than barbarism. But I tip a civilization which has set l i£ s face toward the light of , "wT-ith. of justice, and of the f common progress of a com . -f»on humanity, the only basis . ijf contact with tbe Negro Must be that which recognizes : Without reservation the man. . »ood of a man. IB Denver Girl Wins Prize At Howard. '5 Miss Gladys Whitmier, the laiemed step-daughter of Mr. of 444-Q Cher okee street, of this city, has been attending the Howard University at Washington. D. I)., this past winter. The commencement exercises have just been held there, and the many friends of Miss Whit mier will be pleased to learn that in the general map con est, she had the best map out tot 250 and, therefore, her name was placed upon the Douglas Loving Cup. Besides being the recipient of this honor, at the com mencement exercises, the oth er evening amidst the ap plause of the large crowd present, her name wasj called ind she was awarded the rize of $5.00 for having made the highest average lor both -■eiiiesters in Geometry-out of •’ class of about ’,00 students, his true and worthy effort is rewarded as it should be. Her many friends extend congrat ulations ond best wishes for a ontinuance of such success in t!ie field of her endeavors. Tenth Cavalry Hero Buried. Greensboro, N. C. —The 1 uneral of I homas Reese Alexander, of the Tenth Cav alry„who was killed on the Mexican border by Mexican dtarpshooters, was held at St. ! antes Presbyterian church. | I ouching eulogies were de livered by Rev. C. H, Shute, Col. Jas. H. Young, ;Dr. Se bastian and Captain Gilmore. I he deceased was regarded as a fine soldier. The South African Native National Cangress met recent ly in Kimberly, South Africa, chiefly for the consideration of the native land act. PHYSICIAN AND BUSINESS MAN How Dr. H. M. Breen Solves Hard Problems. Steady Advance of Man Who Worked Hie Way Through College, Founded Hospital and Became Foremost In His Profession Great Organizer, Promoter and Devout Churchman. Knoxville. Tenn.—From a farmer in a backwoods county in Georgia to one of the leading physicians and surgeons of the race is the record of Dr. Henry M. Green of this city, who enjoys a lucra tive practice and is foremost in almost everything that is for the moral and intellectual development of his people. He was born in Barton county. La., Aug. 2G, IS7G. He received his early education in the public schools of his native county, after which he entered Knoxville college, where he prepared for his professional work. He grad uated in 1805, having worked his way through college. His parents were unable to give him any assistance in his school work, but he decided that an education was with in his reach and declared that he was going to have it. He believed in the proverb, “Where there is a will there is away.” He had the will and found away. With his little learning from the Georgia public school he was prepared to do three things—be a Pullman por ter. work in the coal mines or teach school. He used one of these during the vacations and did not have trouble in finding employment. He was a col lege graduate in bed making on a sleep ing car and in digging in the coal mines, and every dollar earned in these places he invested in brains. Finishing at Knoxville college, he de cided to study medicine because he had made up his mind to be a physi cian and surgeon. He went to Chi cago, and when the Northwestern uni versity threw open its doors in Sep tember, IS9G, be was among the first to enter. He made such rapid prog ress that he was appointed an interne in the postgraduate medical school in Chicago. In this he got both theory and practice. He served out his time and then returned to Knoxville and finished his work in the Knoxville Medical college in 1901. Dr. Green decided to take a more thorough course in medicine and sur gery and went to Edinburgh, where he pursued these subjects under the most competent instructors. While In Scotland he visited London, Vienna and Berlin. He gained much general knowledge by travel and observation. Having well qualified himself for his profession he returned to America and began the practice of medicine in Knoxville, Tenn. In order to have the best facilities for doing real work, he established the first hospital among our people In this section of the country. He has been doing general surgical work ever since. He Is now the surgeon in chief of the Wallace Memorial hospital in this city, where he performs many difficult operations during the year. II is putting it mildly to say that Dr. Green ranks with such surgeons as Drs. D. H. Williams and G. C. Hall of Chicago and Dr. A. M. Curtis of Wash ington. As a churchman he Is very active, being a member of the Mount Zion Baptist church and is chairman of tin* trustee board. When it comes to the promotion of education he is always found iu the front At this time he is an active trustee of Roger Williams university, Nashville. Tenn., and Nel son Merry college. Jefferson City, Tenn. He is one of the surgeons for the Knoxvillo. Severville and Eastern Railroad company, the first member of his nice In this city to hold such a po sition and the only one. For four years Dr. Green was a member of the Kuox ville city council, and during his ad ministration one of the best school buildings in the state was erected, and it now bears his name. As a member of the city council he hnd the restpeot of all the members and the personal friendship of the mayor of the city. One year ago Dr. Green called to gether several men with money and told them that it was possible for the race to operate a coal yard in Knox ville. While many people said that it would not do, he convinced Dr. J. J Johnson and C. H. Fisher, and they put dowu the money. Thus the Col ored Coal company, with a capital stock of $5,000, all paid in. was begun. A coal yard was fitted up. and because of the business standing of Dr. Green there was no trouble in gettiug all the Five Cents a Copy. ANNUAL MEETING OF PHYSICIANS Medical Association to Hold Session In Raleigh. FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM Local Committee In North Carolina Capital Busy With Plans For Enter taining the Sixteenth Annual Ses sion of the National Organization. Noted Men to Conduct Clinics. The sixteenth annual session of the National Medical association will be held in Raleigh, N. C-. from Aug. 25 to 27, inclusive. The invitation for this meeting was by the North Carolina Medical. Dental and Pharmaceutical association and was supplemented by personal invitations from the mayor of Raleigh and the president of the board of trade. The physicians in the city of Raleigh have organized into an effective committee and. aided by an enthusiastic citizens’ body, are making every preparation to insure the success of this session of the National Medical association. The meeting which was held last year in the city of Nashville, Tenn., was without doubt the greatest in the history of the organization. The at tendance was unusually large, and the sessions held in the various sections of surgery, medicine, dentistry and phar macy were marked with interest and enthusiasm. The papers read on the various subjects were of the highest order and showed that the men are making great advances in personal re search. The clinics were numerous and very interesting. The men of North Carolina are de termined that the session to be held in Raleigh shall surpass the one held in Nashville in 1913 and to that end are sparing no efforts to carry out their plans. Shaw hospital, which has been temporarily closed, will be opened dur ing convention week for the holding of clinics. There will be a number of these in all the departments of medi cine. Some of those who have already in dicated their intention to be present and to conduct clinics are: Pro. Cur tis, Warfield aud Carson of Washing ton: Hunter of I.exington, Ivy.; Brown of Birmingham, Ala.; Williams and Daley of Chicago. With such an array of distinguished surgeons as these there is no doubt that every depart ment of surgery will be thoroughly demonstrated. The medical clinics will be conducted by Drs. Roberts of New York city. Williams of Chicago. Townsend of Nashville, Tenn: McCleary of Jackson ville. Fla., and Turner of St. Paul, Minn. The dental clinics will be con ducted by Pro. Fergusou and Ramsey of Richmond. Ya.; Chapman of Kansas City, Mo.: Landers of Tuskegee, Ala.; and Anderson of Jacksonville, Fla. There will be numerous demonstra tions in the pharmaceutical section which will be under the charge of Dr. Marble of Yazoo City, Dr. McCauley of Raleigh, N. C. There is every indication that the at tendance will be very large, for the secretary of the association has beeu Informed from all sectious of the coun try that the profession Is thoroughly awakened to the needs and benefits to be derived from the Natioual Medical association. The general secretary. Dr. W. G. Alexander of Orange, N. J., is arranging a program that will Include a variety of subjects in all the de partments of medicine. The officers of the association are Dr. A. M. Brown, president; Dr. J. M. G. Ramsey, vice president; Dr. E. J. La Branche, sec ond vice president, and Dr. George E. Cannon, chalrmau executive board. Mississippi Medical Association. The fourteenth annual meeting of the Mississippi Medical. Dental. Phar maceutical a shl Surgical association, recently held in Jackson, Miss., was well attended. The meeting %vas held for two days, and the sessions were presided over by that eminent student of the medical profession. Dr. D. W. Sherrod of Meridlau. Miss., president of the association. The program was carried out by divisions, with a chairman of each from the different cities iu the state, as follows; Medicine, Dr. E. W. Moore, Jackson: surgery. Or. L. T. Miller, Yazoo City; dentistry. Dr. C. L. Barnes. Jackson; pharmacy, Dr. William I*, ilarrlson. Vicksburg; scientific research. Dr. It. L. Johusou, Jackson; necrology. Dr. J. M. May, Moss Point.