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The papers formerly known as The Statesman and The Independent, have been merged into The Denver Star TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR Number 67 A “JIM CROW” DECISION. A majority of the Supreme Court, Nov. 30, joined in an opinion that the Oklahoma /Jim Crow,, law proviso per mitting railroads to furnish sleeping, dining, and chair car accommodations only to the white race was unconsti tutional, but they did not so deciee because of imprefec tions in the petition on which the case reached the courts. The case was one in which five Afro-Americans, claiming that the entire law was un constitutional. sought an in junction to restrain five rail roads in Oklahoma from en forcing it. I he Oklahoma f ederal courts dismissed the petition, holdiag the law con stitutional. 1 he majority of the court affirmed the dismis sal because the Afro-Ameri cans had not shown they had applied to the railroads for accomodation under the law, or that the railroads had no tified them that they would be refused certain accommo dations. The majority of the court, through Justice Hughes, stated, however, that they could not agree with the lower court that the proviso as to sleeping, dining, and chair cars was constitutional. A minority, consisting of Chief Justice \N hite and Jus tices Holmes, Lamar and Mc- Reynolds, concurred merely in the order of affirmance, but expressed no views on the constitutional question. In the opinion of the majority, Justice Hughes stated pre vions decisions that laws for separate coaches for the two races was constitutional were not to be questioned. He then set forth the reasons for the opinion that the lower court was wrong in holding the proviso constitutional. The reasoning is “that there may not be enough persons of African descent seeking these accommodations to war rant the outlay in providing them." This argument with respect to the value of the traffic seems to be without merit. It makes the constitu tional right depend upon the number of persons who may be discriminated against, whereas the essence of the constitutional right is that it is a personal one. The The Justice then pointed out that defects in the petition presented an insuperable ob stacle to the granting of the injunction. The court gave no intimation as to whether in a proper case it would merely hold the "luxury” car section unconstitutional, or whether it would decide that this section being unconstitu tional, the entire law must fall. The five railroads in the case asked the court, when the case decided was argued to hold the entire law uncon stitutional if the “luxury” pro viso was annulled. —Wash- ington (D. C.) Sun. When will our people, es The Denver Star pecially our lawyers learn the necessity of going into the U. S. Supreme court, in such cases, with legal representa tives of U. S. Supreme court caliber? Case after case of vital importance to the race because they affect our citi zen rights, have been lost in that court as a direct result of the failure to do this very thing. It is high time to stop permitting our personl, pro fessional or race pride to re sult in the loss of such very important cases. When in this city, this week, Dr. Du Bois of the N. A. A. C. P., told the writer that Boston’s great lawyer, Mr. Moorfield Story, called Attorney Will iam Harrison’s attention to the weakness in his petition on which the U. S. Supreme court based its refusal to grant the injunction asked and thus pass favorably upon the unconstitutionality of the Oklahoma ‘‘Jim-Crow” car law But a small “crumb of comfort and satisfaction” can be extracted from this case. — Cleveland Gazette. Mme. E. Azalia Hackley, the Nation’s Charming Singer and Musical Educator. Mme. E. Azailia Hackley, who will visit her many friends in Denver, while en route to the coast. Mme. Hackley is Denver's musical favorite all the time and is loved by all who know her. While here for ten days she will be the honored guest of Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Waller. 2606 Gilpin St. Welcome to our city, Madame we read of you in Boston. Congressman Ben C. Hill iard, who will address the People’ Sunday Alliance, Em ancipation Day, June ist at the People's Presbyterian church. Let everyone come out and hear what we may expect of our newly elected Congressman. DENVER, COLORADO, SATURDAY, JAN. 2, «9'S Balancing The Ledger. Watchman What of the Night. “Fifty years is not a long span of time measured by the history of the world, but all the more for that reason does the phenomenal success of the Negro in the United States give us the right to form another and this time a wholly favorable expectency.” ~ - r- j “Since the Emancipation Proclamation, January i, 1861, the Negro has proved to the world what he can do by do ing. Whereas 70 per cent of your_race were illiterate, now 70 per cent are literate, far surpassing the countries of Russia, Portugal and South eastern Europe. You have accumulated property to a total ot $ 700,000.000, $5,00, 000,000 of it being in rural property. Nearly a fourth of the Negro farmers of the South own their farms. Dur ing this last census period, the percentage of farm own ership increased 17 per cent for Negroes against 12 per cent for VVhites. The Negro has accomplish ed much, and much of his work has been steadily up hill. The largest and most important part of the Negro’s tasks are ahead of him. The mass of our race must be fitted for the practical P ur ~ suits which are 4»efore them. This year more so than last, more education into the sani tary and hygenic living should be given our people, so that prevalent diseases which are sapping our strength might be checked. This year we must instill into our race more respect for contractual and moral obligations, now woe fully lacking. We must per suade our people the exact and inttinsic worth of hum ble beginnings, in which too many of our beople are now negligent. We must be more active and alert in discour aging and scourging vice and dissipation from our ranks this year. This year has demonstra ted that the young blood of the Negro race is fastly com ing forward and asserting its manhood. He is refusing to bow, scrape, apologize and beg his way through life, but has begun a determined, sys tematic course of firmly and impressively demanding ex act justice and consideration and contending for his own until he receives his just due. Color and race segregation have awakened his race con scienousness, for he has learn ed of the unjust operation and the arrogancy exhibited in the baneful ultimate effects upon the humil ated class or race. Color and race pre judice is each an iniquity in itself. It has shown itself to be destitute ot all reason and human consideration and in its operation this year among Negro men, women and even little children. It has actu ally refused to countence fair play, human tenderness, and filial love as] an appeal from its unreasoning and vicious tendencies. Let us speak with the june Crisis of 1912, when it says for a New Year's resolution: ‘‘l am Resolved.” in this New Year to play the man — to stand straight, look the world squarely in the eye, and walk to my work with no shuffle or slink. ‘1 am, Resolved” to be sat isfied with no treatment which ignores my manhood and my right be counted as one among men. "I am Resolved" to be quiet and law-abiding, but to re f use to cringe in body or in soul, to resent deliberate in sult and to assert my just rights in the face of wanton aggression. "I am Resolved” to defend and assert the absolute equal * ity of the Negro race with any and all other human races and its divine right to equal and just treatment. "I am Resolved” to be ready at all times and in all places to bear witness with P'jt'. voice, money and deed against the horrible crime of lynching, the shame of the “Jim Crow” legislation, the injustice of all color discrim ation., the wrong of dis franchisement for race or sex the iniquity of war under any circumstances and the deep damnation of present meth ods, of distribut'ng the world's work and wealth. ”1 am Resolved" to defend the poor and the weak of 1 every race and hue, and to e:-pecially guard my wife, : my mother, my daughter and all my darker sisters from the insults and aggressions of ; white men and black, with the last strength of my body and the last suffering of my soul. For all these things, “I am Resolved” unflinchingly to stand, and if this resolve cost ; pain, poverty, slander and even life itself, I will remem ber the word? of the Prophet when he sang: "Though Love repine and Reason chafe, there came a Voice, without reply, it is man’s Per dition to be safe when for the Truth he ought to die!” Strong Man Saves Woman as Auto Stalls on Track. Brnnswick. Ga., Dec. 27 — William Houston, a colored man, saved the lives of four Brunswick women when, see ing the peril of the 'mobile party he rushed up to the machine and shoved it across the railroad track just as a fast moving freigt train went past. In crossing the railroad track the machine was slowed down, and just as it mounted the rails the engine went dead. The frieght train was only a hundred yards distant. Honston, who was standing by, rushed to the car, gave it one hard push and it crossed the track by only a few feet as the train went by. Du Bois Speaks in Behalf of Woman Suffrage. The S' R. O. sign hung out yesterday afternoon at the Tremont Theatre where the suffragists held a big mass meetting, with Dr. W . E. B. Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois. Who pleased a large audi ence at a Boston theatre. Du Bois, director of publicity and research of the National Association for the Advance ment of the Colored People, as the principal speaker. Miss Maud Wood Patk in troduced Dr. Du Bois as “a leader of a race that has tast ed —and still tastes —the in justice of race discrimina tion Dr. Du Bois said in part: ‘ When opposers of suffrage say that women suffrage brings in an ignorant vote the answer properly is: ‘Then why shut out any intelligent woman.'' In a question of property, it is fairly answered that many women hold prop erty. if a question of fitness that women today perform much work of far greater roughness and do men’s work. If a question of color, that white women should not be deprived of the vote. “Here in New England,they used to—and I fear they do now, sometimes —tell the workingman what he ought to do —how he ought not get drunk on Saturday night, and how he ought to save and be come a millionaire. But we know better today. After the shameful things that organi zed industry has been doing to the laboring man, we have come to the realization that we can't tell the workingman what to do. Two men have got to sit down—the employ er and the employee—and talk things over. “Europe today is not fight ing one race with another There are greater race ani mosities in each country it self than between for two. They are fighting any the spoils of the Colored race — for the ivory, the diamonds, the grains, the gold, the jewels and the trade of the domains of the Colored peo ples. "Many say that when this war is over, there won t be an other. When five dogs tight Hive Cents a Copy. for a bone, and they : are all through,the bone is still there. They'e going to fight for it until somebody gets it. The only way to keep them from fighting for the bone is to put teeth on it. "This bone —the spoils of the Colored race —is still there, and until some means is devised to eliminate the ‘dogs after a bone' situation, the wars will continue " Dr. Du Bois spoke of the natural sympathy which drew women and the Colored peo ple —still disenfranchised — together in a fight for the rights of Americans, without respect to sex or color or creed. A large sum of money was collected by the Colored girl ushers. — Boston Post True Love Knows no Race Line, Southerner Remembers Common Law Wife. Memphis, Tenn , Dec. 25 — Col. A. H. Jennings, of Pearl, Shelby County, wills his en tire estate, estimated at |Bo -000, to Mr. Bettie Hicks and her seven children. He had no white men for his associ ates He was well known, but never made any attempt to seek the association of those of his own race. Near ly fifty years ago he came here from Tippah County, Miss., bringing his brothers and sisters. His brothers and sisters married and moved away. He remained with his mother. Fortune prospered them. The farm was extended and a nice home built. Mrs. Jennings died. After his mother died he left his home and went to a small cabin in a far corner of the farm. Mrs. Bettie Hicks was there. He acknowledged in his will that he was the father of her children. For more than 20 years he lived in that cabin. Jennings was never on good terms with the remainder of his family, but about two years ago, it is said, when his brother, D. C. Jennings, was in trouble with the courts in what Judge J. P. Young de scribed as one of the worst cases that had ever been tried before him, he came for ward with a check for $lO,- 000 scribbled on a piece of old bag, to help his brother save his land front being sold to satisfy a court judgement. “Chief Sam” Reaches Africa, The steamship Liberia, which sailed from Galveston last October with Chief Al fred C. Sam and a numper of followers in the “Back to Africa” movement among the colored people of Texas and Oklahoma, has arrived at Salt Pond, Gold Coast of Africa. This information was cabled back to the United States.