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Shriners Entertainment, Fern Hall, Thurs., Feb. Bth
SYRIAN TEMPLE No. 49, A. E. A. O. N. MYSTIC SHRINE A The Denver Star The papers formerly known as The Statesman and The Independent, have been merged into The Denver Star TWENTY-SEVENTH YEAR Number 173 NEGROES BUYING AUTOMOBILES BUT PEONAGE STILL PERSISTS. Memphis, Tenn., Jan 19. — With 50 years of freedom be hind them, Negro farmers of this part of the south are buy ing automobiles by the thou sand, result of their reaping part of the nation’s unprece dented prosperity. Not only are black men buying pleasure cars, but many motor trucks for haul ing farm products- In Clarksdale,• Miss., alone, 100 touring cars have been sold to Negroes since the gathering of the cotton crop. Negroes are sacrificing the comforts of their homes for the luxury of the automobile. Little improvement is notice able, however, in their farm houses throughout Arkansas, Mississippi and Alabama, Ihe condition of the Ne groes on the farm, while vastly better than it was 10 years ago, is still little better than slavery. They are massed on large plantations and practically compelled to stay on the land. It is the policy of the plan tation owner to keep the Ne gro tenants hopelessly in debt. Then he is sure of keep ing them, especially in Miss issippi, where There is a Law Prohibiting a Negro Leav ing the Land so Long as He is in Debt to the Owner. Often in land sales in this territory the Negroes go along with the bar gain. This somewhat somber pic ture is offset to some extent by the condition of the city Negro and those living on farms near cities. In this city alone, Negroes own real estate valued at least at a million dollars. They have bank accounts aggregating a quarter of a million. Hundreds own their own homes. Negro labor is thriving here. In fact the state fac tory inspector for west Ten nessee reports the spread of Negro labor has resulted in displacing white men and is considered a growing menace. Negro schools are introduc ing manual and mechanical training and Negro children show a marked adaptability for these branches. Schools are overcrowded and children are eager to at tend. Illiteracy is fast being reduced among the Negroes. A better understanding seems to obtain in thissertion now between the Negroes and the whites. The tendency appears to be toward Indus trial freedom and equality, rather than toward social equality. The old game of "skinning” the Negroes is passing away and most of the white people stand ready to guarantee to the Negro every dollar w he earns. ■ 1 * THE CHARGE. T. Cravens’ Views On Negro Migration and What It Means. In another column of this paper will appear a communi cation to the Constitution by T. Cravens, under the caption, "801 l Weevil and Negro Emigration Not So Bad As They At First Seemed. - ' He attributes the migration of the Ne gro very largely to the boll weevil, causing the white farmer, who has been supplying the Negro in the past, to withdraw his support and declare that he would J> e unable to supply him another year, and that he would have to supply himself. Perhaps this did have something to do with it. but it isn’t the real cause, in our opinion. The real cause is great er and deeper than this. The boil weevil and the support of the white farmer were only an incident. The real cause is mistreatment and the failure to secure that liberty which the Negro, in common with all other men, longs for. The Ne gro is an American "to the manor born." He has imbued the American spirit, having lived, moved and had his being in this country tor nearly three hundred years. Our white neighbors either do not know the cause or won’t acknowl edge it. "Man cannot live by bread alone." You might give the Negro all the material wealth in the world and yet he would not be satisfied any more than a white man whose civil and political rights were abridged. There is never a Negro on the jury; he never holds a place of honor or trust, not even as much as a coroner or bailiff Our white neighbors may as well understand it once for all, that nothing in the world will satisfy the Negro and stop this mighty tide of migration but equal and exact justice. The slogan is "liberty,” and when our white neighbors, as does Mr. Cravens, attribute the Negro migration to such tri vial things as boll weevil and lack of support by white farm ers, they deceive themselves. The Negro wants to go where he can get liberty; where he can get better schools, better waces, better school facilities, better political opportunities and better protection of life. That is the main reason the Negro is going North. We quite agree with Mr. Craven that there is coming a new order and system of things, viz., the adoption of the di versification system of agriculture instead of all-cotton farm ing. The last two years have convinced us thoroughly on this point; in this, too. the Negro has done as much to bring about this diversified system as anybody else and is thor oughly in accord with it. This is proven by their full smoue houses, full corn cribs, in fact, a plenty to eat at home. The Negro has not been a laggard in this new movement. It seems to us that Mr. Cravens insinuates that the Negro has been an obstacle in the way of this new movement 'and the sooner he goes, the better for all concerned. If anything, he will be needed just as bad in the new system of farming as in the old. Mr. Cravens is right when he says: "The exodus of the foreigner to his native land has been a Godsend to the Ne gro at this time; it has opened a field of labor to him at an opportune time. Necessity knows no law nor climate, the Negro will go and come, he will die in the going and staying, but he will stay, and from no matter what point they start, they will induce others to follow. (Our cook has gone.) "Facts are facts. Here is an emigration problem right here at home to be solved. The Negro is in our land and here to stay, and has been given equal rights under our con stitution and we (the South) have educated him as far as we can in book larnin,’' and the avenues open to him othtr than agriculture, cotton in particular, are limited. So, therefore, the only solution (whatever that might mean), is for them to scatter out over the various states of the Union and let those states whose population they become a part, open the door of opportunity to them and educate them in the lines of skilled labor, and should they ever become a factor in the so cial and political life, solve the problem just as we have done. They should be given the preference in the North and East to the foreigner from southern Europe—that is, if these Easterners practice vhat they preach.” We heartily concur with Mr. Cravens when he declares that the Negro should be given the preference in the North and East to the foreigner from southern Europe. The Ne gro is a real American and has been here about as long as any other American, and is entitled on that account to be treated as an American. As we have said before in this pa per, what the Negro wants is to be treated as an American citizen without discrimination—and not every time he turns around to be reminded that he is a "nigger." He wants room for expansion and development, and the main reason he is migrating North is to find more room for development in mind, in morals and in material wealth. Most of them DENVER, COLORADO, SATURDAY, FEB. 3, 1917 feel they cannot get it here, and it would be hard to con vince them otherwise. He is thoroughly of the opinion that owing to slavery and the relation that exists between races down here, one occupying the position of mas terSnd the other a slave, one a bass and the other a servant, thalhe can never expect to ris<sto his highest possibili tieS-and workout a great fu ture for himself and his pos terity. Hence, he feels that itijfhis interest and welfare if be would reach the most wolfthy future, that he should go the relation between theSraces has never been that of riaster and slave, but where every can man expect a squire deal when it comes to civil and political liberty. Mtr. Cravens is also right when he says, “the only solu tion. for them (Negroes) to scatter over the various states of tlbe Union and let', those slates whose population they become a part open the doer of opportunity to them and educate them along the line of skilled labor.’’ He might have added, and become a part of the body politic. That is arhat he longs for, and that is sifetKtbe should have and it should not be withheld from him. —Atlanta Independent. THE ANSWER 801 l Weevil and Negro Emi gration Not So Bad as They At First Seemed. In a communication to The Constitution, T. Cravens dis cusses variously and to the point the causes contributing to the exodus of the Negro from the South during the au tumn months of 1916, and what it really means. He em phasizes the bright future that looks ahead of this sec tion, owing, in large part to the boll weevils forcing the farmers to turn their attention to crops other than cotton, and he points to a plane of development and an agricul tural greatness which, he says "we could never get if we stuck to the all-cotton and all-Negro system.” He closes by observing that "it is little wonder that the man with a lot of head above his ears has his business eye on the southeast.' The letter in full follows: Editor Constitution: In a warehouse in the little town of Seale, Ala., about twenty miles of Columbus, I walked overa pile of boo tons of pea nuts this afternoon and on my way back to Columbus I thought of the cause of Negro migration northward, com pared to some causes as set forth by learned educators and noted divines. Being in the midst of things I decided right here was the cause, nothing more or less than new enterprise, new industry. Hsre in this little town is a mill keeping at home a part of the millions that we spend yearly for feed, by making peanut oil, grind the cake in to meal, grinding velvet beans and the vines of both, also corn stalks and pea vines hay, and mixing the stalk and the vine meal with same and mak ing the best feed in the world. 1 hese mills are being built at several places in this sec tion . Mob violence, injustice in the courts, vivid pictures of social and political advantag es North and whatnot —it is new enterprise and the boll weevil that is driving the Ne gro out of the cotton belt northward, the boll weevil is responsible for it all—he is driving the white man in. There is a great change taking place, and instead of all cotton, hell and Negroes, the agriculture of the South is getting on a higher plane. 1 he cotton grower has told the Negro tor the past eight months that he cannot feed him and that there is nothing for him to do —that in the new order of things there will not be the demand for labor —consequently, without land to cultivate, without money, without credit and with no possibility of securing work in the South, what other al ternative is there, pray, but for him to go where work is offered him. The exodus of the foreign er to his native land has been a Godsend to the Negro at this time: it has opened a field of labor to him at an oppor tune time. Necessity knows no law or climate, the Negro will go and come, he will die in the going and staying, but he will stay, and from no mat ter what point they start they will induce others on the way to follow. (Our cook has gone.) Facts are tacts. Here is an emigration problem right here at home to be solved. The Negro is in our land and here to stay, and has been given equal rights under our con stitution and we (the South) have educated him in “book larnin,” and the avenues open to him other than agriculture, cotton in particular, are lim ited. So, therefore, the only solution (whatever that might mean ) is for them to scatter out over the various states of the Union and let those states whose population they be come a part open the door of opportunity to them and edu cate them in the lines of skill ed labor, and should they ever become a factor in the social and political life, solve the problem just as we have done They should be given the pre ference in the North and East to the foreigner from Southern Europe—that is, if these Easterners practicewhat they preach. The gang and disc plow and the riding cultivator are taking the place of the "grass hopper” plow and the Ber muda grass that the Negro has been dodging will be grazed by fine cattle, hogs and sheep, and more dignity Fits Ccmti a Copt. will be given farming, requir ing intelligence, ambition, en ergy and pride, which will in duce many of our young men to go into the “business,’’ then our farms will be dotted with pretty painted homes, big barns, the gins will be made into combination feed mills and the new lighting systems will bring to the country all the conveniences of the city. In other words, this, with the automobile will bring the city to the country and the coun try to the city. Yes ! There is a great change taking place, every thing working in perfect har mony for the betterment of all. The Southeastern Land Show will bring thousands of new people into our state, with new blood, new ideas, new energy, all of which we need —but the which we would never get if we stuck to the all-cotton and all-Negro sys tem. It is little wonder that the man with a "lot of head above his. ears’’ has his business eye on the southeast. En route. T. Cravens. —Atlanta Constitution. Awarded $500.00 Each-Su preme Court Hands Down Decision Against Discrim ination. New York, Jan. 26. —David E. Tobias, a graduate of Georgetown University, and editor of the Searcher, and Eugene L. Moore, advertis ing agent of the New York Age, both Negroes, were each awarded the full penalty of SSOO under the civil rights law, by a decision handed down by the Appellate term of the Supreme court today which reversed a decision of Justice Davies in the Municip al court, dismissing their com plaint in a suit brought against John Reihm (white)) a cafe keeper. The two men charged that they had been ignored, al though white patrons were being served all about them. The defendant alleges that there was no refusal to serve, but that he had given the bar keepers instructions to serve “all sober persons.” Justices Guy, Shearn and Bijur, in their opinion, say: "The plaintiffs were business men of apparent good standing” and were objects of a “delib erate refusal.’’ Brownwood, Ga., Jan. 26. Dick Peikins was elected to full membership of the United Con federate Veterans without pay for the remainder of his life without payment of dues. This was done at a meeting of the Stonewall Jackson Camp, No. 118, when the annual election was held.