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The Denver Star The papers formerly known as The Statesman and The Independent, have been merged into The Denver Star TWENTY-NINTHYEAR Number ■' TILMAN'S STATE INDICTS LYNCHERS OF BLACKS ■tyirk, S. C. —When Rev. W T.*Sims, a colored preacher of this place, advocated equal iv*tice to all in the adminis tration of the affairs of this country, referred to the de plorable Memphis lynching of a member of the race, and the East St. Louis barbarity of the whites there, other mem bers of the race, inimical to his interest spread the news among the irate whiles that he was encouraging disloyalty to the Government, and a mob of laboring men, under the pretext of upholding loy alty to the Government, at tacked the conscientious preacher with the result that his death followed shortly af ter. The Grand iury in ses sion here last week, after a thorough investigation of the charge of lynching returned true bills charging complicity in the lynching against Meek VlcGill. post master of Hick ory Grove and Garson Latti more, policeman of that place They were placed in jail and have made statements will in criminate certain Negroes with the lynching. The ac- IJon of the state authorities in bringing to justice these otfi cers is a source of favorable comment throughout th e st&tr. It is stated that the (Jovernment authorities have urged a larger investigation of the lynching and it is due to their efforts that these in dividuals were indicated. Seventy Negroes, drawn from tne various counties for service as a part of the first k-icrement to the national draft army, will leave differ ent points of the state Oct. 27 for Camp Funston. Word to this effect reached Provost (JW arshall John Evans yester day from Washington, and he immediately wired local boards to prepare the men for the trip. Previous plans called for the dispatch of the Negroes to Camp Dodge in lowa, where no white troops are Stationed. Fourteen of the Negroes will go from Pueblo and the the remaining selected men from other counties. 4 Mr. Evans received word from Provost General Crow der yesterday that the follow ing appeals taken from the state appeal board for district Nofchad been denied: Will iam Ira Pilcher and Jack C. pMoonmaw, Boulder county; Ralph U. Crosby, Lincoln csuniy; Clyde M. Winn. Mor gan county, and Howard C* Schaefer, Phillips county. Frank Buckner, Negro, the only Trainer of the Chicago Vvhite Sox. received SSOO as gift from the team, when they svouthe world championship. REPUBLICANS CHOOSE NEGRO FOR ALDERMAN The aldermanic candidate has quite an interesting his tory. JamesC. Thomas, Jr., was graduated from the city schools and Cornell Univer sity, where he took high hon ors as a scholar and made an enviable record as a member of the university track team. His father is an undertaker, who has amassed a fortune that is said to approach SI,OOO 000. Young Thomas was ad mitted to the Negro York bar in iqi 2, and was a delegate at large to the Constitutional convertion of which Hon. Elihu Root was chairman. Mr. Thomas lives at 2229 Fifth avenue. He is a candi date for alderman from the Twenty six district of the Twenty first Assembly dis trict. Mr. Thomas' lead his nearest opponent by 150 votes. Race men and women of the district held a hugh rally and parade last Thursday night, paying tribute to signal victory won by the candites of their choice. It is said that many race men say their can didates will win in the Novem ber election. Six hundred seventy-eight Negroes who have been in training four months at Fort Des Moines officers’ training camp, received their commis sions in the national army to day. One hundred sixty were commissioned captains. 320 first lieutenants and 19S sec ond lieutenants These new officers will command the sev enteenth division of the na tional army, which is compos ed entirely of Negroes. Among the men graduated to day are non commissioned of ficers of the various Negro regiments of the regular army many of the veterans of the Spanish American war. Twelve hundred and ninety eight enlisted men of the Ne gro Cavalry stationed at Fort Huachuca have subscribed $130,350 to the Second Liber ty loan. El Centro, Cal., Oct. ia. — More than 150 men, women and children arrived here from Texas to aid in harvest ing the crop, They are em ployed by the Timken Ranch Company. An effort will be made to induce them to estab lish permanent residence. The recent lynching at Hous ton is partly the cause. Joel E. Spingarn, chairman of the Board of Directors of the N. A. A. C. P., has been commissioned as Major of In fantry and stationed at Camp Dix, Wrighstown, N. J. / DENVER, COLORADO, SATURDAY. OCT. 20, 1917 Opening the Wedge Editors s Note —The Government is about to commis sion several hundred colored men who have passed success fully through the reserve officers’ training camp at Des Moines, lowa. These men will be used in regiments made up of men of the same race. The colored soldier has long been recognized as a good fighting man and the records ol the school promise well for his work as an officer. This in teresting article deals with the work in the school. —Leslie’s Weekly. "And there will be some black men who can remember that with silent tongue, and clenched teeth, and steady eye, and well-poised bayonet, they have helped mankind on to this great consummation!" With these resounding words of Lincoln still ringing as a slogan in the minds of sons and grandsons of slaves and freemen, on October 15 an event will occur of tremendous moment to the colored race in America. For the first time ir, the history of this country hundreds of the picked colored citizens of the United States will join the National Army as officers to lead colored troops. For the first time colored men wilTbe viewed from a military standpoint on a plane of equality with commissioned oT'tliie regular army. This is one of the most significant innovations which the cur rent conflict has created in American affairs- It is the great est opportunity for social advancement which has ever come to colored men in America- On June 18 at Fort Des Moines, lowa, a reserve officers' training camp was opened exclusively for the benefit of col ored men under the command of Col. C. C. Ballou, with Lieut. Col. Charles W. Castle as second in command and head of a staff of Regular Army instructors. Over two thou sand colored men responded to this opportunity. They fore gathered from every corner of the country. They were the leaders of their race, splendidly equipped men both mental ly and phsicallv. Doctors, lawyers, clergymen, architects, designers, civil engineers, college instructors,school teacher s college students and successful business men from every State in the Union applied for admission. They grasped eagerly the opportunity extended 10 them. For the privi lege to serve they fairly glowed with a gratitude heart mov ing in its sincerity. Truly there is no color in patriotism. Out of the whole number who applied for admission 1,- 250 men ranging in age from 21 to 42 were accepted for mil itary training. Forty per cent, of those accepted were found to be college graduates and the remainder were all well-ed ucated men. In the number were sixty teachers and gradu ates from Tuskegee Institute alone. Practically every high school and every college in America from Harvard to' Le land Stanford was represented. In one squad of sixteen men alone were found four lawyers, one physician, one dent ist, one architect, one electrical engineer, one city engineer, two clergymen, one railroad man holding a college diploma, one hotel waiter holding a high school diploma, and three students from -the University of lowa. Two hundred and fifty of the best educated men from the four Negro regiments of the Regular Army were included in the enrollment. By the process of selective elimination the original en rollment of 1,150 was reduced to a little less than one thou sand men. During the period of final examinations held the last week of August about 160 more of the least capable were weeded out. Many of these excused men were dismiss ed, however, not because of their failure to absorb the busi ness of war, but lor minor physical defects too slight to pre vent their acceptance for the camp and too great to enable them to qualify for commissions. Thus ovei eight hundred conscientious and earnest Negroes remained, men of the highest moral integrity and the greatest mental aptitude, the greater number of whom w.-re heaitily recommended for commissions bv the b ante of officers who supervised the fin al tests I lie total number secommmended will receive the cachet of military rank conferred bv the U S. Government Colonel Charles Young, the only colored officer in the Regul ar Army, graduated from Wrst Point in ISB9 and now in command of die 10th U- S. Cavalry, addressed this body of colored reservists at Fort Des Moines recently. Ashe Fighting for Uncle Sam Negroes given fighting chance to overcome prejudice in Army. Eyes of the world on American Negro Soldiers. looked over the stalwart, rugged fine appearing body of men of his own race his heart swelled with conscious pride, for he felt that a great hour of vic tory was fast approaching in the social emancipation of his people. For nearly thirty years he himself had stood alone. “ The hour is arriving in which your qualities of lead ership will be tested,” Colonel Young told them. "A test of your character and worth as citizens as well as leaders is approaching. Tomorrow the eyes of the whole country will be upon you. Young will be given the chance not only of independent initiative to lead your own, to prove your valor and to do your duty nobly, but a chance to strive to do that duty as finely and as splendid ly as any white man has per formed his duty. Out of your number should spring a lead er the country may well be proud of.” Camped in one of the most modern Regular Army posts the country, built less than ten years ago at a cost of nearly a million dollars, these color ed reservists are enjoying an unusual privilege. They' are housed in the regular barracks of the post. Transportation, uniforms, equipment, rations and sioo a month pay have been granted them. Camp was to have been broken up on September 15 after a per iod of three months of inten- sive training. But before that date ar rived and after re commendations for commissions had been made, the Sec retary of War directed that the date of graduation be de ferred until October 15, thus granting to colored reserve of (icers four additionai weeks in drill and war games. This extension of the per iod of training was decided upon because the full division of colored men drafted for service will not be mobilized until late in October. Fur thermore, instead of concert trating the et.lire division by the War Department to as sign one regiment of colored troops to each of the sixteen infantry divisions called for training in the sixteen canton ments throughout the country Thus every cantonment will Five Cents a Corr. eventually be the recipient of a regiment of drafted colored men under the command ot eolored officers. Though seg regated from the white troops and housed in their own bar racks, they will enjoy absolute ly every privilege granted to regiments of white men in the same camp. It has been deemed both expedient and desirable to drill drafted col ored troops in close proximity to white troops in order to bring about the most success ful results. The courses of instruction at Ft. Des Moines have been practically the same as those given in the sixteen training camps for white men. The or iginal three months of inten sive training consisted in in struction in the duties com mon to officers of all arms in infantry drill, physical drill, care of equipment, manual of bayonet, manual of saber, sig naling and semaphore, musk etry training, guard duty, o r ganization of regiment and field service regulations. Ev ery aspect of actual offensive and defensive modern trench warfare has been practically demonstrated. Trenches have been' constructed and during the past few weeks of addit ional training detachments of men have taken their places daily in the dug outs and on the firing lines. Supply sta tions and hospitals have been constructed. A miniature cam paign with elaborate war ma neuvers has been in progress. The commandant, Colonel Ballou, now ranking as brig adier-general in the National Army, stated recently that “the spirit of the camp and the officers assigned to duty as instructors left noth ing to be desired.” The staff of West Point instructors on duty consists of selected offi cers who are pre• eminently efficient. The senior instruct or, Lieutenant Colonel Chas. VV. Castle, now promoted to the rank of colonel in the Na tional Army to command the 360th Regiment of Infantry, has had a remarkable exper ience. Keen, acutely intelli gent,conscientious, capable to a degree, deliberate, cool, a man of poise and quiet power a stern disciplinarian, he is still patient, forbearing, human and paternally kind to those under his command No wiser choice could have been made to guide the train ing of colored men. Early in September, SSO en listed colored men were re ceived at Fort Des Moines in a special hospital camp tor the training of a Negro medical corps. The members of this corns, like the infantry officers, represent every sec tion of the country. Among them are several hundred practicing physicians and a number of student doctors who originally enlisted in the officers training camp but have been transferred to the 1 corps.