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The Denver Star The papers formerly known as The Statesman and The Independent, have been merged into The Denver Star ' twknty.ninth year Number ,8 A NEGRO DIVISION TO BE A MONG 1ST TO GO TO FRANCE * Washington,D.C.-When the full strength of America’s new imy arrived on the battle froat of France Negro troops will wake up approximately one-eleventh of t h e Negro regiments are officered ex clusively by white West Point ers. The following Negro Nat ional Guard units are now in the federal service and officer ed exclusively by Colored ot ticers: • First Separate Connecticut company 90 men, 1 officer; First Separate District of Columbia Battalion. 598 men, 11 officers; Eighth Illinois regiment, i.9*& men, 78 offi cer; First Separate Maryland company. 1 50 men. 3 officers; Fifteenth New York Infantry tegiment. 2053 men, 54 offi cers; Ohio Ninth Separate Battalion. 152a men. 48 offi r C e rs; First Separate Tennis see company, 11a men. 3 offi cers; First Separate Maasa chaaetts company, 150 men, 3 officers. Total. 6,641 men lot officers. They have just been com missioned from the training camp for Negro ofiicera—lo6 captains, 320 first lieutenants and 199 second lieutenants. The total training camp and National Guard officers tx6—constitutes the present of Colored of beers—except a few holding minor staff position in the regular army. The young Colored men commissioned at Des Moines have won high praise from their instructors and are first class material. Every state in the Union was represents ted ac the camp a large num ber coming from the south ern states. The Negro troops drawn for service are being trained ct all of the 16 national army cantonment—dn separate ba tallions and regiments. When the training complete, one, and probably two or three divisions of Negro troops ex clusively will be formed, and one of these will b e among the first national army units sent to France. Negroes have fought in all American wars from the Rev olution to the brush at Carti zdf. In the Civil War hun dreds of thousands were rais ed and did some fine fighting. There were a few commission ed as officers, but nothing like the number now given com maud. Sergeant Ward Conley, the Negro soldiers among six thousand on/the Canadian border, has been ordered to Camp Borden as military in stroctor. NEGRO BURNED AT STAKE BY MOB IN TENNESSEE Dyersburg, Tenn. Dec. 2 Ligon Scott, the Negro who attacked a young white wo man in this county Nov. 22, was burned at the stake on the public square here this af ternoon. The Negro, who was arrested at Jackson Sat urday, was being taken to Un ton City by officers when a mod intercepted them and took the Negro. The entire county soon knew of the cap ture of the fugitive and thou sands flocked to town. A trial Wat arranged for and a jury selected, and the mob was iin portaned to withhold action until the jury decided his fate The Negro confessed. An iron stake was driven in the ground and the Negro tied to the stake.' He was stripped'of his clothing and red hot irons applied to all parts of his body. Finally a bonfire was built around him until even the bones were con sumed. Camp McClellan. Ala.— Thirty colored soldiers, mem bers of the First Separate Company of Maryland, are prisoners in the' guard house at the remount depot, charg ed with refusing to work be fore breakfast. The remount depot is about three miles from the other part of the di vision camp, between the camp and Anniston. About 70 of the First Separate Co., were sent from the horse sec tion of the ammunition train to serve at this point. Their duties were to look after the horses in' the corral and do general stable work. More than ten thousand horses and mules are kept there. The famous Richmond Blues of Virginia, the only cavalry out fit retaining its identity ,under recognition is camped there and the Maryland colored men have clashed with these troopers frequently and the strike is the result. The 30 men seem unconcerned about the outcome of the trouble. A communication reaching the Civic and Commercial as sociation from Reed college, at Portland, Ore., announces that Denver has been award ed third place in a study of civic conditions by th£ .depart ments.of economics and soci ology of Reed college. Thir ty six leading cities in the U. S. have been given considera tion with respect to rates of wages, cost of living, death rates, infant mortality rates, proportion of people married, church members, child .labor, parks, pavements, fire losses, public properties, library books, teachers’ salaries, num ber of pnpils to a teacher, illit eracy, school attendance, non English speaking foreigners. 1 Apparently on many of these subjects Denver ranks first*- DKVVER. COLORADO. SATURDAY. DEC. 8, 1917 All Men Up Slowly Wiping Out Cob webs of Prejudice PRESSURE FROM WITHOUT (OROES US CLOSER WITHIN Washington, [). C. —Some eighty three thousand, six hundred (83,600) Negroes have been drafted for service in the National Army to be sent overseas. Secretary of War Newton L). Biker. in working our his plans for the training of these men. has met with many diffi cutties First of all, he has bad to contend with those friends of the Negro who have felt that it was Secretary Baker's special duty ar this time to attempt, to solve or settle the so called Race Question in America. Second. Negro leaders from all parts of the country have importuned the War De partment in various and sundry directions, while the peculiar southern situation, where-the masses of the Negroes live» has had 10 be taken into account. Because of these difficulties, the Secretary of War call to his aid, on October Ist, i<^i7, as Special Assistant in the War Department, a representative of the Negro Race, Em mett J. Scott, who, for eighteen years, was Secretary to the late Booker T. Washington, and Also Secretary of the. Tus kegee Normal and Industrial Institute, in Alabama. Mr. Scott has a wide acquaintance among members of his own race, and with leading members*«t -the white race in the South, as well as with leaders of thought and public opinion in the North. He has sought to relieve the Secretary, of War, as much as possible, of the burdensome details grow ing out of controversies, involving racial relationships, caus ed or occasioned by the presence of white and colored draft ees together in many of the cantonment. - Lately, there has been a certain amount of misgiving and unrest among *the colored people of the country who have led .tp feel, by reason of reports of alleged mistreat ment of colored men in cantonments, that there is a disposi tion on the part of the War Department to deal unfairly with colored draftees in National Army cantonments and in Na tional Guard camps. For the purpose of allaying these sus picious and correcting certain false impressions which have been made and circulared, the Secretary of War has address ed an open letter to his colored Aide, stating his attitude aod the policy of the War Deyartment with reference to these colored soldiers. The letter, dated Novenber 30th. 1917, follows: War Department, Washington. November 30. 1917. MEMORANDUM—For Mr. Emmett J. Scott, Special Assistant. War Department. Referring to various telegrams and letters of protest re ceived at the Department, to which you have called my at tention, concerning certain alleged discriminations against colored draftees, I wish to say that a full investigation of the matters complained of has been ordered. Asyouknow.it has been my policy to discourage dis crimination against any persons by reason of their race. This policy has been adopted not merely as an Jact of justice to all races that go to make up the American people, but also to safeguard the very institutions which we are now at the greatest sacrifice, engaged in defending, and which any rac ial disorders must endanger. At the same time, there is no intention on the part of War Department to undertake at this time to settle the so. called Race Question. In this hour of national emergency and need, white and colored men are being called to •defend Our Country.'s honor. In the very nature of the case some must fight in the trenches, while others must serve in other capacities behindthe firing line. I very much regret what seems to be a certain amount of I overwot ked hysteria on the part of some of the complain, ants who seem to think that only colored draftees are being assigned to duty in Service Battalions, whereas thousands of white drattees already have been, and more of them neces. sarily will be, assigned to duty in such Service Battalions. Some of the complaints or charges of discrimination seem all the more unwarranted, in view of the fact that there is fsr less hazard to the lite of the soldier connected with the Service Battalion than is true In the case of the soldier who faces shot and shell on the firing line. Furthermore, the at* : titude ol the War Department toward colored soldiers is clearly shown by the following ftets: More than 6a6 of the ' 125° colored men who com- | pleted the course at the Re serve Officers Training Camp at Fort Des Moines, lowa, have been commissioned as officers in the United States Army; nearly ioo colored phy sicians and surgeons have re ceived commissions as officers in the Medical Reserve Corps, ' and a full fighting force of 30.000 colored soldiers, includ ing representatives in practic ally every branch of military service, will constitute the \ 92nd Division, to be detajied | for duty in France under Gen eral Pershing. The relations between the colored and white men, in the camps containing both, have | been worked out on a very satisfactory basis, and little or no trouble seems likely to arise. All of my reportsi ndi cate that the colored men are accepting this as an opportun ity to serve and not an occas ion for creating discord or trouble, and white men and officers are passing over the question of race difference in a helpful spirit. What we need in this emergency is the help of right thinking people in the cities and towns around the camps, and we are getting that cooperation so generally that our course seems free from embarassment, if Ger man propagandists, who want to make discord by stirring up sensitive feelings, are simply not allowep to do their work. As a matter of fact, the col ored people and the white peo pie in this country have lived together now for a good many years and havq established re latiopships in the several parts of the country which are more or less well organized and acquiesced in. Gradually the colored people are acquir ing education in the industrial arts, and are rendering them selves more and more useful, in our civilization, and more and more entitled to our re spect. On the other hand, the white people are coming more generally to realize the value of the good citizens a mong the colored people thru their industrial importance and their eager desire to learn and qualify themselves for use fulness in the country, and this has brought about a growth of good feeling marred it is true, here and there, by such incidents as that at Hous ton and that at East St. Louis which grew out of sad misun derstandings, and were per haps confributed to, in at least one of these instances, by the malicious activities of of people who would rejoice to see any embarassment come to us as a sign of weak ness against our enemy. Therefore unrest among the colored people and suspicion of the-Government on their part are, by all means, to be , discouraged at a time like this 1 VVe are beading all our en ‘ ergieato the building up of .Fit* Cum a Co»t. DENVER CITIZEN MAKES GOOD IN TEXAS Prof. J. P. Starks, principal of Fred Douglass Public School has shown a greater en terprise in conducting that school than is common to be found among Afro American teachers. Some time ago, it was mainly through his ef forts that the city was in duced to build, what is per haps the best ward school building to be found in the South. Not satisfied with the building &nd the labor which is to be found in the books of the grades, he at once set a bout acquiring the means to install some useful industries. Accordingly, sewing and cook ing were added. To make practical the latter, he began the preparation of a penny lunch for the children, as a re suit, the gross receipts last year were SBqo 00. The suc cess of the sewing and cook ing departments served to op en the eyes of Mr. Starks as to the possibilities of what he chooses to call “the opportun ity school school.* Today he has induced the city to fully equip a Shoe Repairing De partment with a Mr. Chas. Jones, colored, at its head, Lhirty boys are being taught, each spending one hour each day. The shoes of school children and other persons will be repaired, at the cost of ths material. With this new experiment, it is hoped that while reducing the cost of shoe repairing, a goodly number of boys may go forth prepared to more successfully tight the battle of life. The school authorities of Dallas have won the praise of our people generally for their generosity, and we breathe the hope that the colored , children at Fred Douglass school will show a proper ap preciation for the advantages here given them tor develop ment. —Dallas Express. Baltimore and Ohio railroad are among the tirst to install colored men as brakmen. At this writing four men are employed as night , .switchmen in the Dayton Ohio yards. More will be ; put to work as soon as the right kind can be obtained. ; au army to defeat the enemy , of democracy and freedom, : aud the army we are building : contains both white and color ed men. We are expecting that they will all do their duty . and when they have done it i they will be alike entitled to r the greatitude of their Coun : try. i ✓ (Signed.) Newton O. Baku, f Secretary of War.