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DON’T DRINK SHIPS!
i. —:> U. S. Food Admin»»tr»tio*. Aro you shocked to see the lady drinking ships? You' drink ships every time you use sugar unnecessarily, in a beverage Seventy-five per cent, of the sugar used in this country has to he brought • here In ships Every possible ship is needed for the trans portation of troops and supplies to the other side. Eliminate sugar as a luxury, and you release many ships for war purposes. Teach your appetite to remember this— DON’T DRINK SHIPS. BT ETTERS from our boys in the trenches and ■G from the women in canteen and other kl war work, all bring to us the same mea sage—SEND U& NEWS FROM HOME. [■ World news is all right, but OUR BOYS want NEWS OF THIS TOWN. They want the home newspaper. Publishers are prevented from sending their papers free to anyone, even boys in the service. Consequently a national movement has been started by Col. William Boyce Thompson of New York, who is acting as President of the Home Paper Service of America to give the boys what they are calling for. Every community is joining the movement Let us see that our boys are not forgotten. Send to the publisher of this newspaper whatever amount of money you can—s cents St $50.00. We will publish a list each week of those contributing, and tho amounts contributed. Every cent received will be used to send this paper to our boys at tha frent If at the end of the war, there is any surplus, it will be turned over to the local Red Croaa Committee. There is no profit in thia to the publisher— even in normal times, subscriptions are not sold at a profit. With war prices prevailing, and the high rate orf postage on papers sent to France, our cost will scarcely be covered by our fuli subscription price. V Remember that over in France, some brave soldier or sailor from this town—perhaps even V some splendid woman working within sound of the guns—is depending on you to “KEEP THE HOME LOVE KINDLED.” They are calling to YOU from "Over There 1 ' GIVE WHaT YOU CAN THE LI Dp c. 8. rood — lll OBEY ORDERS! UNCLE SAM'S ADVICE ON FLU U. S. Public Health Service Issues Official Health Bulletin on Influenza. LATEST WORD ON SUBJECT. Epidemic Probably Not Bpanlah In Origin—Germ Btill Unknown—Peo ple Should Guard Agalnat •‘Droplet Infection"—Surgeon General Bluo j Makes Authoritative Statement. Washington, D. C.—(Special.)—Al though King Alphonso of Spain was one of the victims of the Influenza epi demic In and again this summer, Spanish authorities repudiate any claim to Influenza as a "Spanish" dis ease. If the people of this country do not take care the epidemic will be come so widespread throughout the States that soon we shall hear the disease called "American" Influ enza. In response to a request for definite Information concerning Spanish Influ enza, Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the U. S. Public Health Service has authorized the following official Inter view : What Is Spanish Influenza? Is it new? Does it come from Spain? "The disease now occurring in this country and called ’Spanish Influen za’ resembles a very contagious kind of ‘cold’ accompanied by fever, pains Coughs and Sneezes Spread Diseases A* Danjjnw as ftl«on Css Shells In the head, eyes, ears, back or other parts of the body and a feeling of se vere sickness. In most of the cases the symptoms disappear after three or four days, the patient then rapidly recover ing. Some of the patients, however, develop pneumonia, or Inflammation of the ear, or meningitis, and many of these complicated cases die. Whether this so-called 'Spanish’ Influenza Is Identical with the epidemics of Influen za of earlier years is not yet known. "Epidemics of influenza have visited this country since 1C47. It Is interest ing to know that this first epidemic was brought here from Valencia, Spain. Since that time there have been numerous epidemics of the dis ease. In 1880 and 1800 an epidemic of influenza, starting somewhere in the Orient, spread first to Russia and thence over practically the entire civ ilized world. Three years later there was another flare-up of the disease. Both times the epidemic spread wide ly over the United States. "Although the present epidemic Is called 'Spanish Influenza,’ there is no reason to believe that It originated In Spain. Some writers who have studied the question believe that the epidemic came from the Orient and they call at tention to the fact that the Germans mention the disease as occurring along the eastern front in the summer and fall of 1017." How can "Spanish influenza" be rec ognized? "There is as yet no certain way in which a single case of 'Spanish influ enza’ cun be recognized. On the oth er hand, recognition is easy where there is a group of cases. In contrast to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs and colds, which usually occur In the cokl months, epidemics of influenza may occur ut any season of the year. Thus the present epidemic raged most Intensely in Europe in May, June and July. Moreover, in the case of ordi nary colds, the general symptoms (fever, pain, depression) are by no means as severe or as sudd.en In their onset as they are In influenza. Final ly, ordinary colds do not spread through the community so rapidly or •o extensively as does Influenza. "In most cases a person taken sick with influenza feels sick rather sud denly. He feels weak, has pains In the eyes, ears, head or back, and may be •ore all over. Many patients feel dizzy, some vomit. Most of the pa tients complain of feeling chilly, and with this comes a fever in which the temperature rises to 100 to 104. In most fuses the pulse remulns relative ly slow. "In appearance one Is struck by the fact that the patient looks sick. His eyes and the inner side of his eyelids may he slightly 'bloodshot,' or ’con gested,’ as the doctors soy. There may he running from the nose, or there may be some cough. These s'gns of a cold may not he marked; never* thelcss the patient looks and feels very sick. "In addition to the appearance and the symptoms as already described, examination of the patient’s blood may •Id the physician in recognizing ‘Span ish influenza,’ for it lias been found lha: to this disease the number of white corpuscles shows little or no In crease above the normal. It Is possi ble that the laboratory Investigations now being made through the National Research Connell and the United States Hygienic Laboratory will fur nish a more Certain way In which Indi vidual cases of this disease can be recognised.'* What Is the course of the dlseasgf Do people die of It? “Ordinarily, the fever lasts from three to four days and the patient re covers. But while the proportion of deaths In the present epidemic has generally been low. In some places the outbreak has been severe and deaths have been numerous. Wben death oc curs It Is usually the result of a com plication." _ What causes the disease and how is It spread? “Bacteriologists, who have studied In fluenza epidemics In the past have found In many of the cases a very smnll rod-shaped germ called, after Its discoverer, Pfeiffer’s bacillus. In other cases of apparently the same kind of disease there were found pneumococci, the germs of lobar pneumonia. Still others have been caused by strepto cocci, and by others germs with long names. “No motter what particular kind of germ causes the epidemic. It Is now believed that Influenza Is always spread from person to person, the germs being carried with the air along with the very small droplets of mucus, expelled by coughing or sneezing, forceful talking, and the like by one who already has the germs of the dis ease. They may also be carried about In the air In the form of dust coming from dried mucus, from coughing and sneezing, or from cureless people who spit on the floo»* and on the sidewalk. As In most other catching diseases, a person who has only n mild attack of the disease himself may give a very severe attack to others." What should be done by those who catch the disease? “It Is very,lmportant that every per son who becomes sick with influenza should go home at once and go to bed. This will help keep away dangerous complications and will, nt the same time, keep ttie patient from scattering the disease far and wide. It Is highly desirable that no one be allowed to sleep In the same room with the pa tient. In fact, no one but* the nurse should he allowed In the room. “If there Is cough and sputum or running of the eyes and nose, care should he taken that all such dis charges are collected on bits of gauze or rug or paper napkins and burned. If the patient complains of fever and headache, he should be given water to drink, a cold compress to the forehead and a light sponge. Only such medi cine should be given ns Is prescribed by the doctor. It Is foolish to ask the druggist to prescribe and may be dan gerous to take the so-called ‘safe, sure and harmless* remedies advertised by patent medicine manufacturers. “If the patient Is so situated that he can be attended only by some one who must also look after othew In the fain tly, it Is ndvL able that such attendant wear a wrapper, apron or gown over the ordinary house clothes while In the sick room and slip this off when leav ing to look after the others. “Nurses and attendants will do well to guard against breathing in danger ous disease germs by wearing a simple fold of gauze or mask while near the patient." Will a person who has had influenza before catch the disease again? “It is well known that an attack of measles or sea Met fever or smallpox usually protects a person against an other attack of the same disease. This appears not to he true of ‘Spanish In fluenza.' According to newspaper re ports the King of Spain suffered on attack of Influenzu during the epi- Jemic thirty years ago, and was again stricken during the recent outbreak In Spain." * How can one guard against influ enza? “In guarding against disease of all kinds, It Is important that the body he kept strong and able to fight off dis ease germs. This can be done by hav ing a proper proportion of work, play and rest, by keeping the body well clothed, and by eating sufficient whole some and properly selected food. In connection with diet. It Is well to re member that milk Is one of the best all-around foods obtainable for adults as well as children. Ho fur as a dis ease like Influenza Is concerned, health authorities everywhere recognize the very close relntlon between Its spreud and overcrowded homes. While It Is not always possible, especially In times like the present, to avoid such overcrowding, people should consider the health danger and make every effort to reduce the home overcrowd ing to a minimum. The value of fresh air through open windows cannot be over emphasized. “When crowding Is unavoidable, as In street cars, care should be taken to keep the face so turned as not to In hale directly the air breathed out by another person. * “It Is especially Important to be ware of the person who coughs or sneezes without covering his mouth and nose. It also follows that one should keep out of crowds and stuffy places ns much os possible, keep homes, ofllces and workshops well air ed, spend some time out of doors each day, walk to work if nt nil practicable —in short, make every possible effort to breathe us much pure air us pos sible. “In all health matters follow the ad vice of your doctor and obey the regu lations of your local'Und state health officers." “Cover up each cough and sneeze, If you don't you'll spread disease." WILL YOU HELP OUR BOYS ABROAD? Every Man, Woman and Child Can Join to Send News of This Town Into the Front Line Trenches. WHOLE NATION MOVES TO BANISH SOLITUDE Our Heroes Are Calling From Over There—Give What You Can to Help Those From Home. Every citizen Interested In the bo ym of his home town now at the front, and In the brave women who equally are serving their country abroad, has an opportunity to show his appreciation of the sacrifice they are making. The opportunity comes as a result of the generosity and thought of Colonel Wil liam Boyce Thompson of New York, who has conceived and put Into execu tion what Is known as the Home Pa per Service. Under the plan, every man and wo man In foreign service will receive the town newspaper, and so be kept In constant touch with the places and the people they know and love. Every branch of the United States Government Is interested In the plan. Tho Government realizes the Imimr* tance of keeping those in the service happy and constantly In touch with; their home ties and associations. Noth ing is more depressing In a national emergency than the spirit of loneliness in those serving their country, and of flcials know tiutt nothing can dlsi*cl this feeling more effectually than read ing the home town newspapei. Publishers of newspapers In ali imrts of the country—this newspaper includ ed —havo grasped with pleasure the plan outlined by Colonel Thompson, and they have agreed to co-operate io every way. Under the ruling of the War Indus tries Hoard newspaper publishers are forbidden to send their uewMp«i»er* free, even to soldiers. The newspaper must be subscribed for in tho regular way, the only exception being soldiers who formerly were In the employ of tlie newspaper and who left that serv ice to enlist. Colonel Thompson there fore proposes thut the public In each community contribute to a fund so that the home newspaper (in our case this newspoper) ‘ may reach every mau and woman now in the service of Ids coun try. Anyone inny contribute to the fund, and any sum may be ‘-ohtrlbuted. It Is not necessary to contribute the entire amount of one subscription. It doc* tiut matter whether the rich man sends In one hundred dollars or the poor l>oy or little girl sends in five cents. Kucli gift will be a message of love and help fulness to the home town folks “Over There.” The money will be luuiikml Into one fund, out of which subscrip tions will be entered as fast as the money Is received. Contributors who send In the full price of a year’s subscription may. if they wish, designate to what particular person they wish the newspaper sent, but If the name given is already listed ns receiving the paper, then the pub lisher reserve* the right to apply the subscription »o some less fortunate sol dier boy or noble woman who Is Just as lonely for news of home and home folks. The name of every contributor to this home pti|»cr service will bo pub lished In this newspaper, and the name of everyone entered for a subscription will be published ns well as the num ber of those remaining whose subscrip tions have not been covered. If the amount of money received shall be more tlinn is necessary to send the paper to every person from the town now In the service, then the bal ance will lie turned over to the Ked Cross. The plan is endorsed by the pub lisher of this newspaper without any thought of profit, either directly or In directly, but with a sincere desire to help keep the home fires burning mid to send to our heroes and heroin »m news of our town, to keep their heurts warm for us and to let them know they are constantly In our minds. The publisher, of course, cannot make a profit on circulation, and addi tional circulation such us this will be— circulation from non-purchasers sent far across the sea—con have no added value to the advertiser. These facts are stated so that every contributor may feel that every cent contributed goes to the good cause. The mothers of our hoys are facing an ordeal with a bravery that com mands respect and admiration. Hero and there where tiny stars nre turned from blue to gold, where anguish grips the heart, the nation stands In silence and honors the women who have given of their blood, tho very bono of their bone, to their country. To them, home has lost Its meaning—the soul of It has fled —there Is no home, It Is Just a place, and no place Is quite so lonely, unless It l»o within tfie hearts of those brave sons In far off France who long for Just a wonUof home. There can not be a man, there cannot he a wo intiD, no, not even n child, who will fail to contribute just a little to nmka the hearts of these patriots lighter* Not one. Not is mu town. NEW WAR FOOD PROGRAM AFFECTS EVERY KITCHEN DRASTIC ORDERS ISSUED TO PUBLIC BATING HOUSES. Xh»r« ire two arms to the Food Administration's ISIS War Program- Ons of them embraces all the home* r in the land; the other reaches into the kitchen of ovary public eating place and regulates the food there pre pared and served. In the hand of the first arm is th* New 1919 Home Card, telling the housewife in what her co-operation must consist. Watch for that Hom« Card. It will be given out the wee* of o<*. 28. The hand of the second arm carries a Big Stick padded with velvet. •‘lt has not been deemed advisable or necessary at the present time a« hially to license the operation of put* lie eating houses.” announces tie* United States Food Administration •‘but in cases where the patriotic co operation of such public eating-placer can not be secured by other mean* the United States Food Adminlstr* tlon will not hesitate to secure com yllance with its orders through In control of the distribution of sugar, flour snd other food supplies.” Food Portions Cut. Following are the drastic general orders issued to public esting places snd effective MONDAY, OCTOBER 21: BREAD. No public eating platv ■hall allow any bread to he brought to the table until the.first course n served or shall serve any bread and butter at ail except upon requeat of the guest; nor shall serve bread or toast as a garniture or under meat. nor serve auy bakery product which doss not contain at least 20 per cen of wheat flour subatit: tes; nor ser\t» more than 2 ounces of this breed or more than 4 ounces of other leu* wheat breads at any meal. Excep tions to this latter rule are ssndwlche or breed served at boarding camps and rve bread containing SO per rent or more of pure rye flour. MEAT: Patrons are limited to*on" kind of meat. They are to be served one chop only to an order, if they dc airs, and prices reduced accordingly Reduced portions of ham and bacon are to go into effect ami no bacon may be served as a garniture BUTTER: One half ounce of butter is the maximum portion to one per son One-half ounce la also the maxi mum portion of American cheese to be served at one meal. Cheese is not to be served with salads snd the tnak ing of cheese dishes Is discouraged SUGAR: No candy Is to be served after any meal. So more cane or beet sugar icings are to be used on cakes. The order ‘No sugar bowls on the table” is reiterated. Guests must still ask for sugar snd only ons teaspoon ful a meal is to be served to any one person. CREAM What is knows as M dou ble cream” or “cream de luxe” can no longer be served, or any cream con t slnlng over 20 per cent of butter fat CEREALS: Th« serving of cereals is discouraged as “they are greatly needed by both the Armies and the Allies snd are ideal foods to store and transport Rigid economy In the use of ice and of coffee is also urged upon botol f men. Labor Saved. Conservation of labor is recognised as of sr great Importance as conserva tion of food. Therefore, the order has gone out that the use of chins, linen snd silver should be curtailed. “Serve food wherever possible In I the piste or dish from which It Is to be eaten. Plate service should be es tablished wherever possible; that Is. the meat and vegetables comprising the main part of the meal should be placed on one plate Instead of served in several side dishes. Service pistes should be eliminated. Place only the amount of sllverwnro on the table that Is actually to be used for the meal.” read the new order*. Tbs old general bill of fare with Its great variety of dishes Is also to be abolished, since this bill or fare calls for (he carrying in the |c* boxes of large quantities of food liable to spoil age. Three simple bills of fare for each day, each with a limited num ber of dishes, changed from day to day to give variety, are recommended 1n Its stead Table d'hote moals are also stently frowned on since they encourage waste. "Serve, only what the guest )h going tp sat” Is the new slogan. In ndditlon. hotel and restaurant men are ordered to display no food In such manner as shall cause its de terioration so that it cannot he used for human consumption, to feed all waste to animals instead of burning it, and to trim snd nave all coarse fats from meat before cooking, that these fats may he used by munitions and soap manufacturers. REGARDING THE NEW MILL FEEDS PLEDGE A simple pledge of honor In morn binding to an American than a signed and witnessed treaty la to a tlennnu That la why Herbert Hoover, fore aeetny a dlaaatroua shortage of wheat mill feeda and consequent loan of dalrj herda, simply turned to tho farmara of America and aaked them to pledge themaelvea on their honor to une wheat feeda for no other purpone than the feeding of dairy cattle, poultry and young plga and calves, and to keep no more than a alxty-day aupply of wheat mill feeda on hand. He KNEW that the farmer'a pledge handed to the miller from whom ho bought hla feed wan aa good aa a Idit- ERTY bond, would be enforced by hla conscience without pclloing or Inapec tlon, and would be kept cheerfully be ■auae of the farmer'a own far sighted kood aenae.