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The bee. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1882-1884, June 10, 1882, Image 2

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JlutcrodRttJjcPostoffice at Washington. D. C., as
fcocoxd-clawj matter.
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letters intended for publication in The Bee
should Tje addressed to tho Publishers, 93G F
street, N. "W,, Washington, D. 0.
Acting upon the presumption that the
inside -worJdnqs of the Democratic party
inithe Southern States are unknown to
those never having had the opportun
ities that -we have of knowing, we pro
pose in this erticle, as briefly as we
possibly can, to do justice to the sub
ject, to turn on the light and let the
world see how the affairs, mis-called
elections, are conducted in one of the
Congressional districts in the State of
Alabama, viz., the 4th.
Before proceeding to the main object
of tliis article, it may be proper to in
form the public something of the op
portunities that we have of knowing a
little about Southern politics and poli
ticians. To be brief, we were the first
colored man to whom an official oath
ever was administered in the State of
Alabama, having been commissioned by
General Pope as registrar of voters for
the 18th Senatorial district in that
State, June 6, 1867. Alter completion
of duties imposed by our commission,
we canvassed tho State in favor of the
constitutional convention which was to
organize a civil government ; convention
carried, was one of its officers ; can
vassed tho State in favor of ratification
of the constitution framed by the con
vention and submitted to the people
for approval or disapproval ; under the
new constitution was nominated for the
legislature and elected at the same time
the vote was taken on the constitution ;
was a member of the covention held in
in 1867, for the organization of the
Union "Republican party in Alabama,
and a member of committee on plat
form, and with Mr. Eapier, drew up the
plank which was inserted in it declaring
for the first time in that State the civil
and political equality of all men before
the law ; a member of every convention
held in our county, (Elmore,) Congres
sional district and State, from 1867 to
1674 ; was a delegate to the Philadel
phia Convention in 1872, and Secretary
of the delegation from our State, voted
for Grant and Wilson, tho vote of sixteen
.of our delegation Raving Mr. Wilson from 1
Vlefdat as a candidate for tho vice Presi
dency; was a delegate to the convention
of colored men held in New Orleans
April 1872, whereat we opposed going in
to the Greeley movement, was second
vice president, Hon. Frederick Douglas3,
1 resident, and Col. James Ingraham
first vice; was appointed to a position
in the Treasury Department in this city,
May 6, 1877. In short, we havo taken
ftn active part in the political affairs of
Alabama, and the South in various capa
cities, from the organization of the Bo
publican party in that Stfeic in 1S47 to
1874, when the State .was eoized upon
by the buHdoasixig Democrats of that
State We bare canvassed the State
time and again front the Tonnessee
river to the Gulf of Mexico, ami from
Georgia to Mississippi, and know and
am known by ovory leading man in the
State, white, black, Democratic and
Republican. By the foregoing irnper
foot statemont it will be seen that our
faoilities for knowing some little about
the political affairs in the South, (we
have spoken in several States not men"
tioned,) have been ample, and wo leave
it for others to say whether or not we
improved our opportunities.
To the point : In September, 1878,
at the instance of Col. Thomas B.
Keogh, of North Carolina, and Hon.
George M. Dnskin, of Alabama, we left
our position in the Treasury Depart
ment for the purpose of taking part in
the Congressional campaign in Alabama,
siIiBli imen. to be inaugurated in that
State, and arrived at Selma in time to be
in convention, whereat Hon. JereHarral
eon was nominated.
The Democrats had in the field Gen
eral Shelley, and Dr. Henry had taken
the stump as an Independent Green
backer. Bight here it will be proper to
show the relative strength of the two
candidates, not counting Dr. Henry, as
lie had no following, and we will base
their relative strength for convenience
upon color, leaving the white Repub
licans out of the count, although many
of them, it is to be presumed, voted for
Mr. Harralson. Oar readers will bear
in mind that we are now presenting to
them the way they do it count out Re
publicans and count in Democrats in
the Fourth Congressional District of
Ala., and what we are about to show
may be taken as a fair sample of the
way they do it in all Bepublican dis
tricts in the South, where the black
vote exceeds that of the white. J We
now give tho vote of the two parties by
counties in Said District based on color
us Bhown by the State Begistiation in
Dallas, , 1,685 8,002
Hale, 981 4,340
lowndes, 1.127 5,108
Perry, 1,431 4,717
Wilcox, l,3i7 5,019
Xes6 10 pr. cent 5886
Colored maj. in Diet.
After Mr. Harral6ons nomination, we
were assigned to the county of Hale,
and proceeded at once to Green&bon
and entered the canvass. We were kind,
ly treated by all, both white, and colored
Our speech at the JOcurthouse, the week
before election was highly spoken of by
the "Beacon" and well received by tha
whites, whilst the colored voters were
wild with enthusiasm. Everything
looked auspicious, and we anticipated a
glorious triumph. But wo knew- not
the methods at that time of the Dimo -
cratio ''Lightning Committee," but we
"were soon to learn to our regret that
all our labors were to bo turned to
naught. The day for the election ar
rived; tickets for our candidate came
the night before; at early dawn we were
on the alert; hour arrived for opening
the polls; the Republicans were pre
pared; we had a table, paper and pen
cils on hand, as near the voting place
as the law of that State allows any
person to be when not voting;
the Republic ins came to us and gob
their tickets, voted them open in full
view and at the same time proclaimed
their votes viva voce as they had been in
structed by us, "I vote for Jere Harral
son," and returned to the table from
whence they had received their ballots;
had their names registered as having
voted : this was done by every Bepub
lican who voted there on that day.
After the poles were closed we count
edthe names on our list and found
thereon as having voted 587 names of
Republicans who had cast their votes
for Hon. Jere Harralson, the Bepublican
candidate for Congress. Seeing the
clerk of the conrfc come away from
where the boxes were, we asked him
the whole number of votes cast, Demo
cratic and Bepublican, and ho informed
us 760. Now subtract 587, from 760 and
the remainder will be 173. We ascer
tained that of the 173 votes cast, Dr.
Henry received two votes, the remain
der 171, were the number of votes cast
for General Shelley, at Greensboro, on
the 2nd of November 1878.
Now for the way they do it. After
dark a Itrgo number of men, Demo
crats and Bepublicans awaited near the
court house for the managers of the
election to announce the result ; on all
sides it was conceded that the Bepubli
cans had carried the day by a hand
some majority. We were feeling our
oats and awaited for the managers to
make the announcement, with wo imag
ine, the same feelings of exultation that
a conquering general experiences when
awaiting for a conquered foe to come
out of his entrenohments to ground
arms and surrender. 8, 9, 10, 11 o'clock
(at night) and no report yet. We began
to feel a little uneasy on account of this
unlooked for delay. At last at about
a quarter to twelve, Tom Oowin, wo
believe, is the name of the man, one of
the managers, came to where the crowd
were in waiting, Atkinson's drug store,
and announced the vote. Here is what
this sworn official announced : "General
Shelley, 484 votes ; Jere Harralson, 201
votes, and Dr. Henry, 82 votes." We
disputed the correctness of the vote as
announced, whereupon a sudden change
took piece, those who had been most
forward in showing us courtesies, threat
ened our life if we didn't 'dry up," and
tho Sheriff, Knight, made the attempt
to force us to give up the list of names
wo had in our possession, but by the
timely interposition of our Bepublican
friends wo were forced out of the drug
store with tho much-wanted liRt in our
possession. After wo had been at our
room for a short while a colored man
was sent to us with a proposition from
the sheriff and his co-ad jators that if
we would give up oar list aad agree to
sigo a certificate that all things went
right there that day, they would give us
five hundred dollars. We declined the
proposition, whereupon the envoy, who
was a particular friend of ours, advised
us to get away as soon as possible, for
the Democrats were determined to have
us agree to their proposition or die.
We took our friend's advice and left the
town, and stayed with an old gentleman
some two miles in the country until
about an hour before day, when we
made our escape by jumping on the
cars at the 'depot, about a mile from
where we staid, after the mob had left
who had been searching the cars for us.
We arrived in Selma the same day,
bringing the much-coveted list of Be
publicans who had voted for Harralson
the day previous. The list iB still in
our possession.
By this imperfectly written statement
it will be seen that the Fourth Congres
sional District is based on color, 18.473,
Bepublican ; yet the Democrats of that
district, by methods hitherto unknown
to outsiders, have sent General Shelley
to Congress as the legally elected rep
resentative from that overwhelmingly
Bepublican District !
In conclusion we have known the
colored men of the Fourth District of
Alabama ever since the reconstruction
as true Bepublicans, and we are bold to
assert that, with the exception of a few
broken down black political hacks who
would sell their souls to the devil for a
few dcllara, they are as true to-day as
they have ever been.and if their votes are
counted as they cast them, the Demo
cratu in that district have about as much
chance to elect a candidate of theirs
for anything, as we have of going to
Europe without crossing water.
Never in the history of the Commit
tee on Elections has it made a more
righteous recommendation than the re
port declaring Charles M. Shelley not
entitled to a seat as a Representative in
the Forty-Seventh Congress. He has
wcer had a legal rigJtl to sit as a mem
ber, and as snch, help to make laws to
govjrn tho people of this country.
Personally, General Shelley is a very
clever gentleman; politically he is no
worse than his backers, who know how ;
to and do manipulate elections in the
Tho long oppressed Bepublicans of
the South have good cause to rejoice at
the recent action of the anti-Bourbon
majority in the Honsa of Representa
tives in unseating Chalmers, 'Dibbell,
Finley, Wheeler and Shelley, the fraud
ulently certified Democratic members
from that Eection, who have held seats
in the House by virtue of method un
recognized by the laws of the country,
and contrary to the spirit of our repre-
vsentativo system of Government. All
legislation heretofore enacted for the
preservation of the purity of the ballot,
dwindles into insignificant proportions
when compared with this act of- long
delayed justice. The ousting of the
fraudulently chosen Democratic repre
sentatives from Bepublican districts in
the South will do more to restore to the
Bepublicans their political rights and
power than anything that has been done
for that purpose since the reconstruc
tion of the lato rebellious states.
The colored people of the South, con
stituting as they do the body of the
Bepublican vote in that Eection, may
take heart again and their allegiance to
the party whioh they have sustained by
their votes in the past, with the assur
ance that in the future their will, as ex
pressed at the ballot-box, will be re
spected the come as that of the most
aristooratic wlif-te Bourbon in the land.
We have strong hopes that the dark
night of oppression and persecution,
which has long prevailed, is on the
wane, and that the dawning of a brighter
and happier day for our people is at
hand, when bulldozing, ballott-box stuf
fing, and other unlawful means to de
prive them of their rights as citizens,
will no more be herd of in any section
rf our glorious country. All honor to
the noble men in the Forty-seventh
Congress who have stood up so nobly
for our rights as a people I May their
memory be handed down to future gen
erations by the pen of the historian, the
song of the poet, the penoil of the
artist and the hand of the soulptor, as
the true preservers of the rights of ihe
people the noblest patriots of our time.
With this, issue The Bee presents to
its readers a lithograph portrait of the
Hon. John F. Dezendorf, a Resentative
in Congress from the Second District of
Virginia, who has- risen from the
humblest walks to the high and honor
able position which he now ocoupies as
the representative of a large and intel
ligent constituency. Having lived an
abstemious and careful life he is, as
his picture represents, a man who lookp
many years younger than he really is,
he is now in the fullest vigor of matured
manhood both physically and intellec
tually. He is essentially a self-made
man. He was born heir to no patrimony
other than a respectable name, a right
mind, a .healthy body, pad an active,
honorable disposition. He has held
several important positions in Virginia,
and has by his straight-forward and
business-like management of them re
flected the greatest credit on himself
and his State. He was elected to a seat
in the National House of Representa
tives by an overwhelming majority, and
where, by his laudable ambition, his
untiring industry, and his keen talent,
he has at least made his mark ; with
phenomenal rapidity he has moved for
ward into a commanding position. He
is one of the most eloquent and ready
debaters on the floor of the House,
There is but one higher political honor
for him to sigh for. In this connection
it is proper to remark that Mr. Dezen
dorf s successes and honors are thef
successes and honors of the people of
Virginia. Ho is essentially a Virginian ;
they have placed him in a position where
he has an opportunity to display his
ability, and to win a national reputation.
It is the sincere wish of The Bee that
the Republican voters in his district
will see to it that Mr. Dezendorf is re
turned to Congress by an overwhelming
and doubly increased majority ; it can
and should be done. The sketch on
our first page, prepared by our talented
young friend, Mr. J. E. Bruce, of the
untcago uonsertaior, is wen wortn pe
rusing ; we commend it to the notice of
the readers of The Bee.
The "Reminiscences of a Colored
Spy," promised our readers last week,
are unavoidably crowded out of this
issue, but they shall appear next week
without fail.
The New York Times, which has been
characterized f ' as a lying, venal sheet,"
by several members of the New York
Legislature, endorses the act of Ouiteau
and says it was a blessing in disguise, or
words to that effect.
Hon. Jere Harralson will please accent
the thanks of The Bee for two invalua
ble and very necessary works received a
few days ago, viz : Webster's Unabridged
Dictionary and William Shakespeare's
complete works, both of whioh are
handsomely bound. Mr. Harralson is
one of the Btaunch friends of The Bee,
and it appreciates his generosity and
A correspondent of the Wilmington
Post earnestly urges the candidacy of
Colonel George T. Masson, editor of the
Goldsboro Star, for Congress in tho
Second Congressional District of North
Carolina. The Colonel is in every re
spect worthy and capable of representing
the Second District, and, if nominated
and eleoted, will no doubt reflect great
credit upon his raoe in the 48th Con
We see it slated that tlie Teia3 Meth
odists have determined to introduce the
Bible in the publio school system. We
do not believe such a thiog possible, on
account of the comparative size of the
two institutions. The free school system
of Texas is such a small institution that
it would be just as difficult to introduce
a good-sized family Bible, as it would
to. introduce a number ten foot into a
number five boot. If thpj&rarage Texas
iree school were enlarged! perils the
Bible, if it was a very yjmjjma, not
bigger than a pack of cards, might be
crowded into it, but would be a mighty
tight squeeza. There jould not be
much room left for anythipg elee. We
suppose the idea is, that if Texas ever
has any free schools, then tho Metho
dists will try to introdncethe Bible into
Colonel Samuel R. Loweby, op
Huntsville Silk, Industry and Edu
cation. -The Bee welcomes this Negro
American to the Capital oj the Nation,
who visits Washington in ihe intellect
ual, industrial, mental and moral inter
eBts of the colored citizens of his
adopted State, Alabama., He is at the
head of an industrial colony that has
a school of fifty scholars (faught free by
his daughter, Miss Ann&jL. Lowery,)
and instructed in silk otf n Tt ell as
bnoks. Cultivating lit. nand and
heart. In patriotism, he is a Negro
Republican, not'ashamed pr afraid of
his race, and equals any in devotion to
his country and its principles. He was
appointed by General Garfield com
mander of the 3d regiment of Ahbama
' 'Boys in Blue," four years ago. And
with tbab approval and the colored men
of his county (Madison,) hr feels that
nothing he can effect for their improved
condition and that of their wives and
children shall fail if his -services can
achieve it. Success to his efforts is our
sincere wish.
The Second District or Virginia.
The National Republican appreciates the
lively interest taken in its circulation in
the Second Congressional District of
Virginia by Judge John Booker, of
Hampton, and Colonel Harry Libby, of
Fortress Monroe. These gentlemen are
prominent leaders in tho political move
ments in Eastern Virginia, and will do
everything in their power to break
down and defeat Bourbonism. The
high social standing of this energetic
pair of party workers insures success
and establishes confidence among the
people. The people of tho Peninsula
are all right ; tbey are united, and de
termined to fight the coming battles of
the campaign to win. They will have a
fan. count this time, which will continue
a Rapnblican member of Congress from
the Second District.
And the Hon. J. F. Dezendorf, who
has so ably represented that district in
the House of Representatives and given
suoh general satisfaotiohT'fcn the Repub
licans of that section, will unquestion
ably be returned to Oonr co v-9ie
Republicans of the Seco? II
the Old .Dominion. (Xto.ovSu.1
publican is quite right about that.J
By request of many prominent Repub
lic ins from North Carolina and other
States, ve reproduce the following from
our first issue :
"There ore all sorts of Democrats in
the present House of Representatives.
There are those who are earnest parti
zans, but very olever gentlemen, and
notwithstanding they know as a general
thing Negroes are Republicans, are
ever ready to accord to them justice
whenever occasion requires them to do
so ; while thero are others, whenever
they come in contact with anything that
has "nigger" in it, they make them
selves ridiculous by giving vent to their
pent-up antipathetic feelings by a free
use of violent and indiscreet language.
We are led to make the arjove observa
tion by what was reported to ui by a
half dozen reliable white gentlemen of
what the Democratic member from the.
First North Carolina District said in
the folding room of the House pending
the discussion of the Lynch-Ohalmers
contest. These gentlemen informed
us that Mr. Latham said in their pres
ence, "If everjr man, woman and child
in my his district were to join in a
petition to me him to vote in favor of
seating a Negro in the House, in the
place field by a white man, I he J would
not do it ; no matter by what majority
the Negro contestant might show that
he was eleoted I
"What do the colored men of the
First District in North Carolina think
of this picture of their Representative?
By his own assertion at the time referred
to he has declared that his prejudice is
so strong againat the Negro that he can
in no event give him justice whenever
te contends for it against a white man 1
If what we havo stated as reported to
us is true, and we cannot allow ourself
to doubt the veracity of our informants,
Mr. Latham is tho most prejudice man
against the Negro in the present Con
gress, and it is the plain duty of the
colored voters in his diotriot, possessing
the least self-respeot or love of race, to
exert themselves individually and col
lectively at the next election to have
Mr. Latham left at home,-
"Our advice to our brethren in
Easton, North Carolina is, if any of you
were dam-phools enuff to and did vote
for Latham in 1880, not to do so any
more !
"Republican papers in that State will
do good service for their party by copy
ing the foregoing and giving it circula
tion among the colored voters of the
First Congressional District."
Republican. The first number of
Washington's new journal, the Bee, was
issued on . Saturday, lind the paper
promises'to be a newsy and interesting
one. M. F. Hamlin is the publisher,
William V. Turner, editor, and W. C.
Calvin Chose, city editor. In politics
the Bee is Stalwart Republican.
Qozetie. The initial number of the
Bee, the new Washington weekly, is
before us. Its four pages are filled with
interesting matter, and it presents a
creditable mechanical anpearance.
Eceniug Star. The Washington Bee,
a weekly paper of the "Stalwart" per
suasion, made its appearance to-day,
mm ib a ureuitaoie nrsc numoor. it is
A;iifA.i hvTu:ii; tt m j -l .7,
I liahed by M. F. Hamlin.
hTm S v" m Pa"
The following is an excerpt from the
speech of the above-named gentleman,
delivered in the House on the 30th ult.,
during the discussion on the Mackey
Dibble contest. This noble ohampion
of a free ballot and a fair count, free
schools and free men, in his speech on
the occasion named, covered himself all
over with glory, and for the grand ex
pressions which" fell from his lip3 on
that day won a place in the hearts of
the Negroes of this country that no
doubt will be as lasting as the word
gratitude shall be spoken by men :
"I have no sympathy with this un
ceasing and senseless abuse of the col
ored people of my State anhe South.
I say it with profound respeob for my
brother Representatives from the South,
that if they will bat follow our example
in Virginia, do full nd complete jus
tice to the colored voter and citizen,
step boldly to the front and declare,
not on paper but in practice, that ho
shall freely deposit his ballot and have
the same honestly counted, they will
remove all ground for the accusations
daily hurled against our noble section
of the Union accusations to which our
people are justly sensitive, and have
no foundation in the temper and will
of the masses of the Southern people.
Then the myth of Negro domination
will disappear and will be lost in the
sense of justice common to ad man
kind. Oar experience in Virginia
shows that our colored people are keen
ly alive to injustice and wrong, and.
quickly responsive to efforts in their
behalf for the full, just and complete
vindication of their rights and citizen
ship. As to the amiable disposition of
these people, the world bears witness us
exhibited in the civil war. Men on this
floor Southern men know that when
under their shelter-tents on tho banks
of the Potomac or Rappahannock, when
they thought tenderly of the wife and
of the children at home in the trundle
bed so far away, they felt that their
loved ones were as secure under the
protection of their slaves as if slumber
ing in their own arms ; and in the State
of Virginia, during four years of terrible
war, not one instance occurred that I
ever neara ot wnere a colored person
touched a white woman or child save
in kindness, tenderness, gentleness, and
affeotion. Then give them a fair chance
in life's struggles
"Some space to tbink and feel like moral and
immortal creatures.
"Virginia stands here, to-day with at
least two of her Representatives elected
upon a platform declaring that there
shall be in all parts of this country a
free ballot and a fair and honest count.
Applause. She stands to-day under
the guidance and government of the
Readjuster party, with the doors of her
tree schools, which have been closed
heretofore, thrown wide open. She
points you to-day to more than 5,000
free schools, where under Bourbon
Funder self-styled "debt-paying" rule
she had but a little more than 2,000
schools open. Applause. She points
you to 70,000 colored children in her
Bchools where there were but 35,000,
and to 120,000 white children in her
schools where there wore but 65,000
when wo took charge of the affair of the
State. She etaDds here to-day and
points you to the fact that more miles
ui rauroaa nave Deen ouiic ana more
millions of money invested within her
limits in tho short time that our party
has been in'powerfthan have been bdilt
and invested in all the previous years
since the war. She stands here to-day
and tells you that she is coming to the
front as the queen mother of common
wealths, that her people are weary of
the rule of the men who have hitherto
shackled her. She stands here to day
and proclaims herself in favor of free
schools, of a free press, of fre6 thought,
of a free ballot, and of all that is com
prehended in the glorious idea of a free
State. Loud applause.
"Here the hammer fell."
hon. john Ambler smith.
The Spirit ofihe Valley, published at
Harrisonburg. Va., says:
Below will be found an extract from
The Capital, published in Washington,
D. C, from which it will be seen that
Attorney. General F. S. Blair has secured
thd services of the Hon. John Ambler
Smith, to assist him in the cases of the
English bond-holders.
Mr. Smith was during the last politi
cal campaign an able and effective
worker in behalf of Liberalism, and
spent much time and money in Virginia
in behalf of the Readjuster cause:
"Attorney-General F. S. Blair, of
Virginia, was in the city last night. He
was looking after the case of a few
bond-holders represented by Mr. Royal,
in a suit instituted for the purpose of
setting aside and deolaring unconstitu
tional the debt bill just passed by the
Legislature of Virginia. General Blair
retained Hon. J. Ambler Smith to ap
pear with him in these cases. Mr.
Smith is one of the ablest lawyers from
the South who has settled in our city
since the war. An! the Hon. F. S.
Blair has shown good judgment in se
lecting him.
We congratulate the Attorney-General
upoa having secured the services of
an able lawyer and perfect gentleman to
assist him in the conduct of these im
portant cases. It is our sincere hope to
see Mr. Smith returned to Congress
from his old Richmond district at an
early period in the future.
Times, Ealeigh, N. C
Nancy Singletary, an old colored
woman aged fuUv ninety or over, died
upon Mr. Shade Wooten's place on last
Wednesday, the 10th instant. During
the war jewelry, watches, records, etc.,
were placed in her hands by the citizens
of Bladen and she returned them all
safe at the close.
The colored Masons of JFayetteville
have nearly completed a well-built
The colored Odd Fellows of the
Golden Star Lodge, of Fayetteville,
celebrated the seventh anniversary on
the 17th. The members of the Lodge
paraded in their regalia and John O.
Danoy, of Edgecombe county, delivered
an addre3s.
Conservator, Chicago. Illinois.
We desire to see some colored news
paper man win financial success. We
want a James Gordon Bennett in black.
As it is, our papers are oharitable institu
tions doing good for the race while the
poor care-worn editor sits by his scantily
filled midnight lamp, figuring for dear
life to make both ends meet next dav.
H w"' a cnange, some one to master
n. Rnhnnnnfmn l.n- e - V 3
-, , ui uuu uuuarea
W ". gatherinhis thousands
by advertisement and in other ways in-
crease his fortune. We want to see
some colored editor receive such sup
port so that he can work with a gianfc-s
strength and live like a king. Then
when the liDeerine rays of life's last
I setting sun, tint and tinge the flecked
horizon with nature s gold, wncn tne
evening coming on, spreads its silent
sombre mantle over all the earl.h, he can
take his "stick,7 point to hia bank ac
count and in the resistless eloquence of
a dying Crcesus, exclaim there's mil
lions in it."
From present indications The Bee
man willsoonbe the "Bennett urblacV'
to delight theviBion of our esteemed
contemporary. We do no charitable
work. Our aim is'to "live and let live;
we give value for value received, believ
ing that way of doing business the only
0H9 that leads to success. Ed. Pes
Extraordinary Aatoblosrnphy of a
Condemned Ensllsbmnn.
The English papers publish a long
and curious statement made by one
Thoma3 Fury, alias Wright, alias Oort,
after being found guilty at Durham
assizes of the willful murder of a
woman, named Maiia Fitzsimmons, at
Sunderland, in 1869. Sentenced to
fifteen years' penal servitude for rob
bery and attempted murder in Norwich,
in 1879, he voluntarily accused bim
self of the murder of the woman
Fitzsimmons. He wa3 put on hilprial
and found guilty. Fary manifesledfthe
keenest anxiety to be convicted and
received the sentence of death'twith the
utmost satisfaction. His autobiographi
cal statement is a psychological curi
sity and nofwithoutpublio interest as a
contribution to tho study of "crime
causes." The following extracts give
tho main part of his story. He says:
"Although my past career, as both a
thief and a liar, would not under ordinary
circumstances entitle me to receive any
credit in regard to my statements, yet
as I now stand before you for the last
time as a dying, or rather a dead man,
I bee vonr attention to the few words I
now acldres to you not for my own
benefit, but for your own. Every cause
mnst have an effect, and every effect an
antecedent cause, or series of causes.
I stand before you now as the resultant
of the forces ol persuasion, example
and compulsion. And Maria Fitzsim
mons, whom I murdered thirteen years
ago, was another of these terriflc results.
The injustice of the land laws in Ireland
caused my relations to join Ribbon
men, and leave their country ; and then
induced my mother to come toEngland
to meet my father. Perhaps crime is
hereditary in my case another fact to
strengthen Darwin's and Huxley's
theories. I do not know, nor have I
heard of, b.t one member on either
side of our family that was not strongly
addicted to drinking. My father was a
drunkard. My mother was forced to
become one held down by her nearest
relatives -while they poured rum down
her throat until she promised to be
sociable. As regards mysolf, I know
that I was raving drunk before I was
eight years old, and several times before
I was ten years of age. Ono of the
reasons for giving myself up is to get
rid of that craving for drink, for which
in my case, at least, extinction is the
only care. I shall be quite reconciled
to die a shameful and dishonorable
death in fact, feel happy if by my fear
ful doom some, a few at theleast, may ne
warned, by the dreadful example I have
become, to avoljl that habit while they
have yet strength to resist it.
" I was early initiated into the ac
cursed habit, and it was more fully
developed during four years spent
anions? seamen, who seemed to think
that drink was the summum bonum of
human life. After thi3 it was my fate
to have to spend more than four years
in prison. Upon my discharge, and
obtaining another ship, I determined
not to drink. Upon the mate offering
me my share of beer I civilly declined
it, receiving a storm of abuse in return,
accompanied with an order to leave the
ship and go ashore if I did not like to
drink. Thirty miles from home, with
out a penny in my packet, what was I
to do ? 1 drank the beer, -was praised
for being a man, and the result there
from, as if human blood had been given
to a tame tiger, i as that drink was all
that I lived for ; for this only did I
work ; for it I neglected my duty to
myself, my mother and my emplr vers ;
for it I became again a thief by using
money entrusted to me by my ship
mates ; for, by and through it, I now
stand before you as the murderer of a
"It would be only a waste of time to
detail all the other crimes I have been
guilty of since February, 1869, while
under the influence of drink ; mostly
crimes of violence. One of the effects
of drink upon me is on irresistible
deeire to do injary, even though they
may have given me no provocation.
Once I threatened my mother with a
knife, shame being the onlv cause of
not executing the threat. I have been
xu yuavua more tnan tmrceen years,
extending over a period of eighteen
years. Daring that time I have spoken
to many hundreds of prisoners, and
only met with ono who had been an
abstainer previous to his conviction,
And if any of you have ihe slightest
feeling of pity or commiseration for
that poor unfortunate woman whom I
killed in my stupid, mad, drunken f ky.
and for others, not only of her class,
but of every other class, let me beg of
you who call yourselves Englishmen to
try, by will, word, act and influence, to
banish those habits, ta3tes and cnstom3
which are the sources of so much
misery, vice and crime.
"Upon my return from China in
1863 I was reduced to a state of the
most extreme poverty ; I fell in with
some habitual criminals, who, perceiv
ing my necessities and inexperience,
easily persuaded me to join them.
With them I was concerned in several
burglaries, eash of which was marked
out previously by a man in the employ
of an officer in the police, commonly
called a putter up ' and a nark.' This
man induced me to bring part of the
proceeds of one of the burglaries upon
me into district. When the officer
apprehended me, by threats of impris
onment, and promises of obtaining
employment for me that I might live
honestly, he induced me to entice my
companions with their tools upon them
into his district, where they were ap
prehended. He did not ful61l his
promises to me, but gave me every
inducement to draw other criminals
into his district in order to profit by
their crimes. I avoided them, and tried
to obtain work, but unsuccessfully, and
at last took to burglary on my own
account. Being at last deteoted, and
sentenced to penal servitude, when my
oaucu, tU KVU1U IUQ POllCe, X
again went to sea, and thus I waa led
to ounderland to meet nnA trnia
Maria Fitzimmon.,,
From our Special Correspondent !JOlss.
of successive rains and 6nil8i u
at length arrived, and "OU&m8
beaming down on us with consiaeJ8
ferocity as if he is imbued with a f i
ing of revenge for the days in Jit
which were rightfully his, althongb thev
were added to the score of chanpeful
April. When warm weather arrives
news generally leaves, a3 do the peS
who furnish the subject matter for ttm
alert reporter or correspondent ?0!
cooler climes.
Last week was a great event in the
history of the Massachusetts Grand
Army of the Republic. After the
decoration of graves in the forenoon bv"
Ihe ono hundred and forty-six p08a jj.
thh S'atef parades of united bodies
were mado in all sections of tho " Bay
S'ate." In Boston the parade and
exercises were imposinfr, and thonsanda
of spectators viewed the column a3 ifc
passed through the principal streets of
this city. A pleasing feature in the
parade was the eolorpd representation
which consisted of Company L 6uh
Regiment. 31 V.M-, Robert A.'Btll Pott
JNb 134, G.A.R.. and the Shaw Guard
Veteran Association, all of Boatou.
Company L paraded three officers and
forty-four men ; Post 131, twentv-three
men ; and the Shaw Guard Veteran
Association, sixty men. Major J. B,
Watkins, commander of tho latter
organization, had his full staff, con
sisting of Quartermaster E. C. Dar,
Paymaster Thomas R. Ward, Adjutant
Bur rill Smith, Jr., Past Adjutant Ho,
ard L. "Smith, and Captain William H.
Taylor. About eight o'clock Post 134,
having as guests the Shaw Guard Vet
erans, made a short parade, arriving at
the wharf about nine o'clock where a
steam tug was boarded and a pleasant
trip of twelve miles was made to Rains
ford's Island, Boston harbor, where a
large number of soldiers graves were
appropriately decorated. The oration
was delivered by Adjutant J. D. N. B.
Powell, of the Post, and an original
poem, specially dedicated to the Post,
by Lieutenant Howard L. Smith of the
Boston Evening Star. The exer ises
were very interesting and impressive.
After the completion of its duties tho
Post and its guests returned to the city
to participate in tho grand parade.
The feeling of indignation rife in this
city, occasioned by the refusal of the
proprietor of the Ravere House, tho
home of Rebeldom, to
during his recent visit to this city, has
by no means subsided. The house is
to be pros cuted under the Civil Rights
Act at an early date, and no compro
mise will be allowed in the case by tho
State politics in Massachusetts is
manifesting itself at this early date, and
the colored voters are beginning ti ex
hibit as much interest as tho whites. In
the old Fourth Congressional District
(which H n. Leopold Morse now repre
sents) the colored voters heretofore have
been, somewhat of a power, bub since
the Congressional districts have been
re-arrau?ed, the old Fourth hAt-in
changed to the Fn-h, and ys now B;o
strongly Republican that tu& coloreu
vote will have but little ii any effect.
The colored voters will wuerofore te
forced Vo confine fcboir political work to
Ward 9, which has a Republican ma
jonty of at least 500 votes, fe dependent
of the colored people. ertheles?,
when the colored voters "m13 war(
arouse themselves, they mM& iiisgc
very warm for the treacherous white
Republicans, and there are many of
thorn in this vicinity. Thay would
sooner any day vote for a white, wealihy
Democrat, one of their own, socially,
than a colored man who had rece ved
the nomination, no matter however
eligible he miv be for the position.
From present indications tho colored
voters may Mahoneizo this ward this
year by iorming a coalition with the
disaffected-Democrats in the ward, who
ara tired of the domination of tho
wealthy Democrats. Both factions aro
ready to form this new party; a move
ment whioh I heartily endordo and will
aid in furthering, and I sincerely hope
it will succeed. The time has come for
the colored American voter of this coun
try to look out for himself and not be
in any way dependent on either party.
Therein lies our success ns a race. Edu
cation, finance and independence is tho
sole requisites for the prosperity of the
oolored man's future. We have cancel
ed whatever debt the Republicans
claim we owe them, and it has long
been the time for us to inform them of
the fact.
The colored societies, religious and
secular, in this city and vicinity are
making arrangements for their usual
picnic festivities. The Waiters Union
will start off first, with the Udci r euoy
fa close second, the others followiug in
mrnr? BTTPooKJitnn.
The Garrison Lyceum, our only col
ored literary association in Boafco0J8
progressing finely, has a large B?eobw
ship, and it i3 an important factor ia oar
circles hert.
General Small's second vis't to tbtf
city in June ia looked forward to wiw
much pleasure by hie many frn
Mock Congresses are in voga be
and much amusement ia afforded by te
happy and appropriate hits made apo
the present National Congrese.
m. :&
a mammoth bee
The city of Washington, otherwise of
"magnificent distances," otherffiso w
Capital of this great and glorious Be
public, is famous for having its quota of
wonderful curiosities, both scieDtinwtf
and otherwise; of course there wa?
Jumbo, the LongrHairpd Family, JJJ
Fat Woman and the Lan JJan, T"
National Item and The Weekly VW'A
the Woman-with-her-tonRue-in-ever-body's-business,
and the Man-witli-an-improved-gin-blossom-on-his-probo?c.
Now comes strangest off all a o&
measuring 21Jxl5, with two heW
several pairs of wings, its body w
approaching black. The little (?) cn33
is rather frisky and won't stand aiy
fooling nuttier." Daring the day i
can be heard hnmmin? thse J
familiar to every lazy school-hoy :
"How doth the littlo busy bee
ImDrova each shining bonr
TVhy, gathering honov a" J ,
From ever bud and floffer.
The mammoth Bee is no on eD1" Q
at 936 F St., N. W., and may be
from nine A. M. nntill five &$&
Admission five cents. Farer;r 0 see
"tote thar children down war
the blamed thing, its a f?le. cTn"chaIge
Messrs Turner and Hamlin naja fail
of the insect. By all wmZ&.
to see it. JoE' BK
- 4rt

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