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sM'5- -"a:1 j- & j- '-?, ". -T 3Sr-r " '. sgK- Jf-r - .- -" i ? ( -!: . -V (. ,,I-. 'I BEE. -w "r . t Terms. $2. OD Br year. Our Liberties we Prize and our Rights we will Maintain. 'i 5 cents per copy fy sp-t- t- THE VOL- II. FINE CLOTHING FOR JDBN", YOUTHS AT THE MISFIT STORE, CORNER I Oth AND F STREETS. (jtutDot be surpassed in variety of style, reliability of material, thoroughness nd workmanship, perfection of fit, or elegance of finish, while prices are 2&. to 10 per oent lower than those of any house in the city. OVERCOATS FOE MEET AT $5, worth $8; 6, worth $10; $7 worth $13; $8, worth $15; f 10, worth. $18; 12, worth $20; 15, worth $25; $20, worth $35. f2.50, worth $4.50; $3.75, worth $6; $5, worth $0; $6, worth $10; $8, worth $15; 10, worth $18; $12, worth $20. MEWS AUD YOUTHS' SUITS AT $S, worth $13; $10 worth $15; $12, worth $20; $15, worth $25; $20, worth $35 Full 3)n-s .Black Suits at $25, worth $45. BOY'S 8l CHILDREN'S SUITS AT to.75, worth $4; $3.50, wortli $6; $4, worth $7.50j $5, worth $9; $6, ,j.7 50, worth $12; $0, worth $15; $10, worth $18. ;f AUSTTSI . A splendid assortment from $2 up. 3st mak from $2 up. These goods are shown lure Satisfaction guaranteed or iUIS si Store 5 MaLi no mistake and come to the ThoA mo m BE MOST USEFUL BOOK EVER PUBLISHED xasitiBtaRmm szsw. &w&- SMKK Si Pf you one of JOHN P. ELLIS & OCX ESTABLISHED X&5&9 937 Pennsylvania Avenue, Near Tenth Street PIANOS AISTD ORGAN'S t For Sale at Reasonable Prices, on Easy Terms, (Tuning, Repairing and Moving promptly attended to Oornete, Violins, Flute, Guitars, and everything in the music line for CASH CXR, OP iist-ajl.m:eix, 937 PENNSYEVANIAAVENUE. THE ORIGINAL LONDON MISFIT STORE, 912 F STREET, OPPOSITE MASONIC TEMPLE RESULT OF EXCESS, meXfw etl011 smd W-ardness of trade in many sections have terminated iHH-n rmml1?!0 1 manuf,u,Uirprs in general, who, to secure ready cash, have iri.p,., I. K ll,lnrart with their accumulated stocks at great concession of J HU .te the follow Jlljr.fflTJIlg of ALL WOOL OASSIMERE SUITS wLbCSt iIIustrato 500 Cassimere Suits purchased this week from one of the ro?mi.Sm?Dufactlirers'imdwhichweofferatfrom$3.5(to $5.00 under the M ar price per garment. Overcoats in 50 different styles, including Melton J.1 ;TV ormcr Pce $9; Fine Cassimere $7, former price $15; elegant Blue Cas iurfwers 11,25' former price $19; Magnificent satin-lined Chinchillas at j i.U, former price 30. Boys' and Children's Clothing at 50 per cent, below iue regular price. Pants from 1 up. Gossamer coats from $10 up. 91$ F S-fcret. Opposite Masonic Temple, SIX DO0KS FBOK NINTH STREET. AND BOYS I worth $10 .A-lsTTS I ! v ., u 9 equal and superior to any goods money refunded at & F Sfsr corner of 10th and F Sts., IN". "W. HUB b iUlEi A Book that should be in Every House. '. J The press, teachers, and professional people throughout the country pronounce it to he tho BOOK OF BOOKS. It contains upwards of 50,000 "WOIRIDS, with their definition and pronunciation, according to "Webster and othci recognized authorities ; a large numher of addition, al words and definitions in general use. It contains a mine of information for everybody. This hook ia handsomely hound in cloth, containing 542 Pages Profusely Illustrated. "We propose to send these valuable hooks, by nwiil, all ship- : ping charges prepaid, to any address, on receipt of I only OWE DOLLAR. Address M. STOLZ & CO., 28 Paris Place, New "STork. WASHINGTON, THE PANAMA &LNAL. rcrrlblo Mortality Among tho Workmen Projjregg or tho TForJc. "Our $20,000,000 has been spent in stablishing homes for the engineers and workingiuen along the route of the. Panama Ship Canal," said Captain James "Whitbank, who has bepjQ for more than a year engaged in dredging operations on the canal, ar -who has returned home after r. tough tussle with the dreaded swrp feVer. "Plenty of mon:iy there, then) Cap tain?" 'Oh, plenty. There is only one thing rore common than cash, and that jS death; Men die like the leaves in autumn. Only the Italians appear to live. The dead are disposed of with out ceremony. A shallow grave, no prayers, and all is in a moment forgot ten. There are now 15,000 men at work on the canal, mostly negroes from Jamaica and the French "West Indies. These negroes are brought over in droves as fast as those at work die, and 1 venture to say that not two thirds of the 15,000 laborers now at work will be alive a year from now. It's dreadful Five thousand died during the past three months; but the large pay tempts men to brave all the danger. The company appears to have an unlimited supply of money.and pays off every two weeks." "What progress has been made in the four years ?" "Well, two miles and a half of the canal proper has been dug out. Origi nally this section was dredged to a depth of fourteen feet, but is now only six feet deep, the soft swamp lands pressed down by the weight of the dirt thrown out on either side filling in the canal from underneath. A great deal of work has, however, been done with the great stoam shovels in levelling the high lands, through which the canal is to pass, and dredging will soon be started in those sections. Work is now 'progressing upon the only large mountain which bars the way of the canal from ocean to ocean. This mountain is 400 feet high and nine miles in circumference, and is to be cut ( down with steam ploughs and carted away. The company has been com pelled to spend $20,000,000, as I said, to locate homes through the swamps from which as a b;isis the work of dig ging out the canal can bo carried on. This work necessitated the building Of railroad branches into the swamps and the making of solid foundations with stone and gravel, hundreds of feet wide and miles in extent. Laborers get $3 a day.and skilled mechanics and bosses from 100 to $350 a month." uWill the canal ever be finished?" "Not, I think, unless the swamp sections are constructed with piling, jnd that would cost so large an amount of money that the scheme could not possibly pay. But the company ap" pears to have all the cash necessary to carry on the work." Philadelphia Record Famous Spendthrifts or Aucient Times Pasha Loring says in the Manhattan Magazine: Prodigals have been con fined to no land or age. As long as the wealth of the world continues to be unequally distributed, so long, proba bly, shall we have spendthrifts. Old Adam Smith tells that the "necessaries of life" include only those commodities that are indispensable to our healthful support, and those things the lack of I which, among creditable people of even the lower class, is rendered indecent by the custom of the community. All other things he declares to be luxuries, if such a definition as that were ac cepted most of us could easily be con victed of needless extravagance. A glance at the careers of a few of the monumental prodigals of the world will be found to be of interest. A history of the spendthrifts of ancient Home would fill a volume of good size and unique charm. Apicius, Crassus, Probus, Claudius, JTero, Vitel lius and Caligula all squandered vast sums on the most trifling objects Apicius spent $4,000,000 on his palate, cast up Tiis accounts, and, discovering that ho had only $400,000 left, imme diately hanged himself to avoid the privations of threatening poverty. Elagabalus regaled the attendants of his palace on the brains of pheasants, the tongues of thrushes, and the eggs of partridges. At his own meals the peas were sprinkled with grains of gold, pearls were scattered in dishes of rice, and the costliest amber was used to render palatable a dish of beans. Crassus made a great banquet for the populace during his candidacy for the office of Consul, at which ten thousand tables were heaped with luxuries. Even this was surpassed by Ccesar,who, at the funeral feast on the occasion of his daughter's death, spread twenty two thousand tables, accommodating three guests at each. Tiberius, like Cleopatra, gulped down precious stones D. p., SATURDAY, mixed (after being crushed) in wine and he heaped the plates of favorite guests with gold and jewels, which they carried away. It was Tiberius who caused to be built boats of cedar, covered gdth gold and precious stones, and large enough to admit of their being turmed into floating gardens, in which were planted flowers, vine3 and fruit trees. But it is-to iNero, of whom it has heen said that "there was not a vice to which hewas not given, nor a crime which he did not commit," that the prize of senseless prodigality must be awarded. In the simple recroation of fishing he used lines of purple silk and hooks ofroR His tiara was estimat ed to be worth two and a half millions of dollars, and he never wore the same costume twice. When on a progress through his dominions, five hundred asses followed in his trail to supply milk for the daily bath of himself and his wife, Poppaea. Christianity gradually displaced the fashions of heathenism, and a deluge of barbarism overflowed Italian civiliza tion. Thenceforward, for a long tirae the extravagant expenditure of great fortunes was confined to the Eastern empire, whose capital was the city of Constantine. Imitations or Costly Leather. The custom of carrying lunch reti cules, money purses, and traveling bags of leather has made an increased de mand for the leather from rare animals, or for leather of attractive appearance. As the natural supply of alligator and the great python or boa skins is not sufficient to keep up with the demandt these skins or the leathers from them are imitated very largely by using the leather of commoner and cheaper skins. Even seal leather, goat leather, and kid leather, or morocco, are imitated. The surface of alligator leather consists ol almost exact rectangles or squaresi separated by deep furrows, the squares gradually diminishing in size as they -recede from the center of the skin. The boa leather is in diamond shaped patches es, forming a fine network.and is very elegant, the division lines being very fine. Sealskin leather is a diapered oi arabesque pattern of irregular divis ions raised and depressed. Goat leather is crossed in regular lines at acute angles, forming minute elongated diamonds. As some of these leathers are too costly to be furnished at low prices, the million who desire the best, but cannot always afford the cost, are supplied by fair imitations, which are not as durable as the genuine, serving in part the pur poses of the costly leathers. These imitations are made by the aid of phe tography. A genuine seal.alligator.boa or other costly skin is photographed then printed on sensitive gelatine, the parts not acted upon by light dissolved, out in water, and a cast or an electrc type plate-then made in copper or type metal, as practiced in the reproduction of engravings, and then the metal plate and the smooth leather of some domes tic animal are passed between rollers under pressure, and the figure on the plate is permanently fixed on the leather by great pressure. Any ol these leathers may be stained, colored or dyed to any tint desired; but plain black or the color left by the tanning is generally preferred. The Game of Marbles. I have often wondered how that faj vorite game of the small boy, marbles, came into vogue, but never found out until a recent visit to Birmingham, where I came across an old antiquary who enlightened me. lie said that a century ago it was a popular amuse ment with staid and professional men, who used to assemble in the marbW "alleys" or alcoves connected with thd inns of the town, to pass an hour ol two in this amusement. Think of itj boys! Gray old men, genuine grand fathers, would hang their cocked hats on oaken pegs, and taking from pri vate hooks their own particular knee caps of stoutly-lined leather, go plump upon their knees and deep in the de lights of "alley toss" and "common eys" and familiar cry of "knuckel down." A few of these alcoves are still in existence in connection with ancient nostelries. Cincinnati En quirer. WsmnrcbTs Best Medal. Prince Bismarck is represented as often saying, of all his decorations that upon which he sets most value is a medal he received from a humane society for rescuing a drowning sol dier, nis method of rescue, as we see it related, was eminently characteris tic of the man. The soldier clung to him in such a manner as to endanger both their lives. Bismarck, being the stronger of the two held the terrified man's head under water until he ceased to struggle, and then swam with him to shallow water, from which he con veyed him to the shore. MAY 17, 1884. CHINESE NOMENCLATURE. What tho Iitmndrymen's Name Signify A. Chinaman's Five IVnmca. Yan Phon Lee, a Chinaman residing in Springfield, Mass., has been telling the Republican of that city something about Chinese names. He said: The majority of the names that you see on signs of laundries or tea stores kept by Chinamen are simply fancy names adopted for their auspicious signifi cance; for instance, "Hop Sing" means "deserving of prosperity," "Woh Loong" means "success through con cord," "INee Wah" means "integrity ana harmony." You may say they are simply mottoes, having no reference to the proprietor or the membeisbf a firm whatsoever. To call the proprietor of one of the laundries here "Isree Wah" would be as absurd as calling the members of the dry goods firm of Forbes & Wallace "Jfemo me impune lacessit." Every properly constituted China man has five names the prenomina of the Romans besides hissurname.or cognomen. The last is fixed and hand- fed down from one generation to an other. There are more than 300 patronymics known in China, not counting those of naturalized subjects who originated from Tartary. Their derivation is various and instructive, and they embody in their curious hieroglyphic shapes many a historic truth and reference to dynastic changes. The family names of the first Chinese Ambassador to this country and of the present Minister, Chin and Jinn, were at one time, say 500 B. 0., the names of two principalities under the Chow Kings. The descendants of the great Shun, the ideal ruler in the golden age of China, were lords of Chin. The de scendants of one of tho younger brothers of Wu, founder of the Chow dynasty, were the petty sovereigns of Jum. Hence a contemplation of these two names carries us back to China's feudal times. The feudal system lasted nearly 2000 years, till th'e first Emperor of the Tsin dynasty abolished it. In subsequent times it has been revived under modified forms, but it has never recovered from the blow that the builder of the great wall dealt it. The principle of the Chinese system is simi lar to feudalism in Europe--that is, the holding of lands by military tenure. Some names denote certain mental or personal peculiarities of those who first bore them. Others were adopted on certain occasions, as some grand events in the lives of those who assumed them. Patronymics were known at the dawn of the Chinese au thentic history, but were not exten sively used in company with theprenc men in designation till Confucius's time. The name Lee, which you think has been "assumed" by me, is merely my Chinese surname spelled with English letters. You don't suppose that the Anglo-Saxon race have the monopoly of names in addition to the monopolies of religion, philosophy and trade, do you? Lee in Chinese means "a plum," and is identical with Li, which is the surname of Li Hung Chang, called 'Bismarck of China." But I prefer long sound in tho double e to the short i to which some may by mistake give the long sound and make the name sound like a lie. 1 have not the honor of being the great Minister's relation. I haven't the claim even of a forty-fifth cousin. Eor Lee, or Li, is as common as Smith, and is borne by a larger number of persons than any other name. Every male child born in China is first called by his "milk name." When he grows old enough to attend school he takes a "book name." When he has learned the mysteries of composi tion he competes for literary honors under an assumed name, which is final ly adopted when he successfully passes his examinations and obtains his de gree. His equals address him by an other, either coined by themselves or adopted by him. At his marriage he adopts still another, called "style." In addition to those enumerated, nick names are also common. They are all fanciful. We do not have any con ventional "Thomas, Richard and Henry," and the rest. All our names are words which mean something and are taken from the dictionary. For example, Yan means "by imperial favor," and Phou, or Foo, signifies wealth, that is. wealth by the Emper or's favor. Girls generally have only the "milk name," and oftentimes, es pecially when they have grown to be women, they are simply designated by numbers according to the order of their birth. Inferiors and juniors never address their superiors and elders by name,but always by some title, and children are forbidden by the canons of Confucius to mention any of their father's string of names except that which is given him by his equals, much less be named after him. In the same family no J names are ever duplicated. People who are not scholars have only the "milk name," the "equality name,"and, if married, the "matrimonial style." Coolies and other laborers oftentimes lack the "equality name." "Ah Sin," name of the hero in Bret Harte's funny poem, is probably a "milk name" given by the father of the hero when he drew nutriment from the fountains of infant life. "Sin" mean3 "first" he was probably the first token of his parents' wedded bliss. "Ah" is some thing like the ie in Charlie, prefixed, instead, to add euphony to the word "sin." Sometimes it is spelled ar. It has no significance of its own. JIoiv Dynamite is Made. Dynamite, strictly speaking in the sense in which the word is used to designate an explosive, is a prepara tion of nitro-glycerine absorbed into a body of -a peculiar clay, which is called in Germany, Kiessdyuhr. Influenced by absorption in this inert substance nitro-glycerine becomes safe to handle, while its power as an explosive is not materially decreased. This compound, while effective as an explosive for blasting purposes, wa3 necessarily of a strength of seventy five per cent by weight of nitro-glycerine, and in this countrv was reccarded as being of too great strength to be economical, and led to experiments to produce a compound having less nitro glycerine, and therefore costing less. To put a smaller quantity of nitro into the same quantity of clay would not suflice, as the glycerine would be too completely masked, and it would be almost impossible to detonate the com pound. The proper preparation was at length discovered, and dynamite, as it is now made in the United States, is composed of salt petre, wood pulp and nitro-glycerine. By varying the amount of wood pulp compounds of different strength are made, and sold at prices proportionate to tho strength. That which has forty per cent of nitro-glycerine is the most generally sold. The wood pulp acts as the absorbent, and its proportion in the preparation is that which is needed to hold the proper proportion of glycerine. The foreign chemists have doubtless adopted the word liynin as a descriptive term for tills particular kind of dynamite. The wood pulp is the same as that commonly used in newspaper stock, and is made by grinding up logs of poplar and other wood. This com pound is commonly called dynamite, but is sometimes known as Atlas pow der. It is manufactured by several companies in this country, and is a powerful explosive. The shipping of it to Europe is prac tically prohibited in large quantities, but there is nothing to prevent a man taking a satchel full with him if he wishes. It is perfectly safe to handle. There is not much, if any, shipped from this country. Any European chemist can manufacture the com pound, who knows the preparations used for it, and most of it is made in Paris, Berlin and London. In a recent case where the dynamite used evident ly exploded prematurely it was doubt less manufactured by a foreign chem ist who did not put the proper propor tion of clay or wood pulp in it, and ic became detonated by its own workings. Abraham Lincoln's Eecord. A Washington letter to the Cleve land Leader says: In an old paper, worn with age and now unknown, I came across Abraham Lincoln's only autobiography. It was written in 1848, at the request of Charles Lanraan, who was then making up his dictionary of congress, and had asked Mr. Lincoln for a sketch of his life. The following is Abraham Lincoln's written reply : "Born Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin county, Kentucky.'' "Education defective." "Profession, lawyer." "Have been a captain of volunteers in the Black Hawk war." "Postmaster at a very small office." 'Four times a member of the Illinois . . ,, . ! member of the lower "And was a house of congress. Yours, etc., A. Lincoln." What Did She Mean? Mr. and Mrs. Buntlin were going out to walk. "Wait," said Mrs. B., "until I go back and get my umbrella." "It isn't going to rain, is it?" asked Mr. B. "Sot that I know of." "Then what do you want with an umbrella?" "Oh, I always like to have something along with me -when I'm walking." Mr. B. looked bothered, but didn't seek any explanations. San Francisco Post Kew York city has one church to every 5,000 inhabitants. NO. 42. m) Him J tps. KrsJi! tho buby starofe atone IIo ti ur inwtth :whI watft, kosj1 Waver., stnpa (m-X, cntuhi lior,U Cm-;ge! Life'- firs.ttp willi wist;) Niv.v ngiHu cf: trvJnjj Oo, two tfie! she wnifte. shnosti, Ticmbliiig. btuttilriiug, u. Oimj, two, throe Oh! she wiltwalta - 2ov, befbru wo know it; Hcnr hor swoet-voieud buby-tnllc, Little bint, or pout! Prattling, totUlm, there sho fle3, Stepping off so proudly Turning iti her untaught toos, ricased then kutgiung loudly. There lies baby on tho lloo", Sprawling, rolling, surenming, Are life's first attempts so poor? Baby was but dreaming When she Felt so bokl mid strong; Gladly now she's clinging To the ono whoso soothing song Back hor sinilo is bringing. Hearts are cured by mamma's kiss Brave again as ever, See, the plucky littlo miss Makes her best ondeavor; Walks right off tho darling pofr Kush now to caress hor! Como -what will of first steps yet, All good angels I Joss hor! Elizabeth C. Kinney, in SI. Nicholas1., HUMOROUS. Going to seed The farmer. Eternal hanging is tho prize of vl&l-' lants. A sleepy head is often possessed a nod idea. A man with a head the shape awdl color of a calf's is now on exhibition in Paris. He is doubtless the original! dude. "Why is it that when a man" sits on paint the paint and his trousers are never the same color? Hens may be a littlo backward! on eggs, but they never fail to come to the scratch where flower-beds are concern ed. A man in Texas raises goats for, their flesh, but when the festive creat ures grow up they raise him just for, the fun of the thing. A milkman who imagined that hoi was unobserved was seen recently patting a pump on the back in a most-' affectionate manner. A piece of bono has been found ini a pound of Philadelphia butter. Thai man who can sell bone at the pr'iGeo butter has a bonanza. Young wife : "Dear, why aro youi eating so much more of my cake than iisual to-night ' Is it nicer than it was last night?" Young husband!: "I my darling I well, to tell you the truth, I bet Toozle 5 that I weighed! more than he did, and we were going down to the store to settle it to-night. "Where aro you going, Ernest?" she asked him as he rose between the acts at the theater, one evening last week. He : "I promised to meet Simpson when the curtain fell." She : "Canft you bring me a glass of Simpson, too, darling?" Ernest coughs and tries to smile ; then sits down again, and look3i discontented for .the rest of the even ing. Once upon a time a traveller arriivedl at a hotel and found all the rooms en gaged. Here was a sad case. But his ready wit did not desert him. He walked into the gentlemen's room, and1 standing in the middle of tho floor, said : "Gentlemen, I am happy to see so many of you here to-night. I am a book agent, and I want to show you ' Before he could utter another word the whole company had taken to thai woods, and he had his choice of apart ments. Two and a Half Were Girls. George W. Cable, the Ne.v 0rlean3i novelist, can make a good Sunday school address as well as write clever stories and crack April-fool jokes, says the Troy Times. Accompanied by Ros well Smith of the Century I magazine, he spent a Sunday with friends in Alon son, attended the Congregational1 church and was invited to talk to the Sunday school in tho afternoon. Mr. Cable's fondness for children is pro verbial, and he accepted. In the course of his remarks he raised his hand, ex- panded the digits and said: "I have so fa"uc ..,,.. Tr many cniuireu uo uuiuv. uuh mauy is that?" "Five," piped up a young ster promptly. "And half of them are firls ," continued the speaker, stagger- lug his audience with his apparently reckless disregard ot trutn. "now ! much is half of five?" asked Mr. Ca. reproachfully ble. "Two and a half,' replied a little miss in the front pew. "Yes," said the novelist with a benig aant smile as he saw that his reputa lionfor veracity was fast -'slipping, iway, "two and a half of them are' jirls and the other two and a half, too five girls " "Oh," gasped the little' miss with a look of relief, and then a ripple of laughter bubbled up from. th corner where the "birds-nest" class sat' Soated over the hacks of the. pews;, dirabed into the gallery and died! away a the organ loft. B I v' L . -. .J. '