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THE HERALD ]
Stands for the Interests of" Southern California. * SUBSCRIBE FOR IT. J VOL. XXXIII. —NO. 164. A DOUBLE TRAGEDY. A Gory Domestic Crime En acted at Redlands. E. C. Gresham Shot and Killed by P. ft McConkey. The Murderer Turns His Weapon Upon Himself. An Intrigua Between the Murdered Man and Mrs. McConkey at the Bottom of the Trouble. Special to the Hbbal%] San Beknaroi.no, Cal., March 24—A shooting affray occurred at the Windsor hotel at Redlands about 0:31) o'clock this morning. Several shots were heard and on investigation P. C. McCoukoy. manager-of the hotel, was found in a dying condition in the hallway letding from the office to the lower parlor, He hail a frightful wound in the breast, the bullet having passed through his body, and as a rifle was found near him, it was supposed he had leaned upon the weapon and discharged it. He lived but a few minutes. Just after his death, the body of E. C. Gresham, foreman of the Vitrograph, was found in the parlor. He had a wound under the arm, the bullet havingipassed through his body. He had a pistol grasped in His hand, and the walls of the parlor were splashed with his blood. A Coroner's jury commenced an in vestigation at once. Tlie general theory is that McConkey shot Gresham and then committed suicide. Jealousy is supposed to have been the cause. Mr. Gresham was foreman of the Ctt rograph office j was a Noble Grand of the Odd Fellow-' Lodge of Redlands; was a native oi Greenville, Georgia, and was 28 years of age. P. C. McConkey was a native of Evans county. Illinois, 80 years of age, and was at the time of his death proprietor of the Windsor hotel. Redlands. His family consisted of bis wife and two children. THE INQUEST. Story of the Tragedy aa Developed by the Coron?r. After the jury had examined the bodies the inquest commenced with cloned doors. The lirat witnew called j we Mr. Samuel JM«*rt, fatlior-iu-l*w oi j Mr. McConkey, who being duly sworn j deposed aud said that he got up this morning at 5 o'clock and came down stairs and found Mr. McConkev up, which was very unusual. He noticed that Mr. McConkey was very much de pressed and said very little, but that he attributed it to financial troubles and to Ihe fact that McConkey had been warned to leave the hotel. He went outside to catch a horse and heard a shot and rushed in, when he heard a second shot, and just as he got to the desk he heard a third shot, and found McConkey lying on tlie Moor, still alive hut unconscious. lie spoke to him, but could get no answer. He considered McConkev and Gresham .particular friends. Did not know that Gresham was dead until about half an hour after he discovered Mc- Conkey. McConkey had acted strange for several days. An Unreliable Witness. Miss May Fackler, a school teacher, was next sworn, and testified that she had known McConkey for six years and Gresham for two years. McConkey came to her room this morning at 5 o'clock and told her not to get up. This witness was very unreliable and would not testify to what she knew, but said, in a whisper, that McConkev was jealous of Gresham, but why she would give no reason. She evidently knew all about the affair, as she was over-anxious to get some letters from MeConkev's pocket, and she testified that she asked him to go up stairs, but that he would not. She was a very unwilling witness, and evidently knows more than she will reasonably testify to. Was Jealousy the Cause? A. B. Jenny was then called, and tes tified that McConkey was very much depressed, and got up very early. He could not give any reason for the trag edy, only that he found McConkev very angry because his wife and others played cards last night. Gresham Armed Himself. It. Sheppard testified that he was an intimate friend of Greshani's, and that he went to supper with him last night, and that Gresham went to the Citrograph office and got a pistol, and he recognized the one that was offered in evidence as the one that Gresham took from the office. He hid not have any theory for the tragedy. The Jealousy Theory Discredited. Miss Clara McConkey testified that Mr. Gresham. and her brother were warm and intimate friends, and that there was no jealousy between them, and that she knew that her brother shot Gresham while trying to prevent him from killing himself. She Scorned the idea that there was any jealousy on the part of Mr. McConkey. She said her brother was troubled about money matters connected with his miserable business. Mrs. McConkey Implicated. M. C. Bishop testified that the tragedy was the result of jealousy on the part of McConkey of Gresham, "and that Gres ham told him that he had been intimate with Mrs. McConkey and that he ex pected that McConkey would kill him, as he had a Winchester fixed for him. At this time there were several letters trom Mrs. McConkey produced, and the Coroner adjourned the inquest until 1 o'clock. These letters Implicate Mrs. McConkey, and give the true cause uf the tragedy. She Becomes Hysterical. Mrs. McConkey, who was in bed at the time of the tragedy, stated that Mr. McConkey had beeji depressed for sev eral days, and on many other occasions he had been partially" insane, and had told her that the world was against him; LOS ANGELES HERALD. that she did not care for him any longer, I and that he was going to die. Mrs. McConkey was very hysterical I during her testimony, and the Coroner, under the advice of "her attending phy sician, desisted from further question ing. The Tell-tale Letters. M. C. Bishop was again called to the chair, and stated that he had quite a talk with Gresham about his intimacy with Mrs. McConkey, hut that Oresham would not admit that it was she. At this time several letters thai bar been taken from the body of Greshan were produced and read by tho Coroner (to himself), and he ejaculated, "Hor rible |" Mr. Bishop slated that the letters that Mr. Oresham had were mailed in San Bernardino, but that Gresham pointet Out the Windsor hotel and said tha they came from there, and that he hat been intimate with a leader in churcl affairs, but that he wan only a man, ant could not stand everything,'even tfioturl lie knew there was 'a Winchester nxei for Wm, but he would try and stand it off. Gresham never told witness that he had any differences with McConkey. Something Wrong. James A. Doyle was the next witness called, who testified that yesterday after noon at about 6 o'clock he went to dinner with Mr. Gresham and Mr. Sheppard, and that they went to the Cilrograpt office and had some brandy, and then Gresham took Mr. Craig's pistol out o: the drawer and examined it critically, and put il in his pocket. "I asked bin) what he wanted with the pistol, and he said that Gresham could take care ol himself; he was only going to shoot some cats. After supper I left him talk ing to Mrs. McConkey and Miss Fackler. After church I went back to the hotel, as it was usual for the guests to assemble in the parlor and sing hymns, but there was nobody in the parlor, all the ladies being assembled in the sewing room tulki.-ig in whispers. I then went to bed, after remarking that there was something wrong." A Witness of Ihe Shooting. If. L. Brown testified that he saw the shooting as he was coming from break last, and saw three shots fired, two at Gresham and one at himself, by Mc- Conkey. "I was so scared that I did not remain to see the result of the shots. As I ran out of the house Mr. Dehart asked tne whether McConkey had killed him self." The Verdict. The jury, alter short deliberation, brought in the following verdict: "We, the jury, have determined upon the following verdict : That E. C. Grreaham came to his death by being murdered by P. C. McConkey for several Miuses, and that McConkey came to his loath by a gunshot wound inflicted by LiiiiHelf/witFi BuU-idal intent." THE LETTERS. Mrs. McConkey's Love for Oresham was the Cause. The following letters found in rresham,s pocket, although without late or signature, give a clue to the :ircu instances leading to McConkey's ;rime: Letter Number One. '"It is with cheeks of flame and a great oad upon my heart that I begin this etter. I scarcely know how to com mence, but I know that it must be done. Dh, Mr. Gresham! the knowledge has :oine to me that you are not moral, and .he blow nearly kills me. You, whom I bought so pure, so truly noble! It ieems as if I could not stand it. It is Ireadful to have one's idol shattered vithout a moment's warning. Is it pos sible that there is no such thing as a rirtuous man? 1 begin to think so. My ace burns with shame and indignation Alien 1 think oi you being in the society »f those wretched beings who call them selves women, then come to me with oud smiles for kisses that you snow come from a pure and lov ng heart. Whatever your past :ias been does not matter to ne, and it was not considered; but it loes seem that you ought to have had jnough respect for me (while meeting tie as you did) to have kept you from :hese evils. How could you? I can't tnderstand. Perhaps I look upon these diings differently from a great many, iut £ feel that it would be no worse tor :nc to seek the society of one of these joor deluded women, than one of the neii who help to make them so. For rive me if I speak plainly, but it seems lecessary to do so under the circum stances. I could not tell you these hings face to face; my womanly feelings vould not permit it. It seeins'different o tell you on paper. Oh, it does seem o me that if men could realize how nuch suffering they cause innocent vomen, they would certainly do ditfer >ht. The world is too one-sided. Men ?xpect the love of pure women, and r't't pollute themselves to the greatest lepths of evil. I sincerely lope and pray that what I have heard :s not true. Tell me that it is not. Yet the nformation comes direct from yourself, icing a married woman, I necessarily lear more than I care to. I cannot vrite any more—my heart is so full. J ut yourself in my place. Suppose I vas the guilty one, what would you hink? Forgive me if this be untrue md I have given you boundless pain, md believe me 1 shall always be your rue friend." The Second Letter. "Hotel Windsok, Redlands, 18 —. "My Dakling—Forgive me, forgive ne, for the sake of the old love. I feel hat you almost hate me, and it is more ban I can endure. I would have given vorlds last night to have recalled that etter. I did not realize its awfulness mtil after it had left my possession. I can lever forget how you looked last night is you stood in the door, and I wanted o go to you so much. I prayed all liglit for forgiveness for that cruel letter, md now I cannot hope for it until you nive forgiven me. Yesterday, as soon is 1 heard what I told you in the letter, rushed upstairs impulsively, wrote vithout stopping to think, and now it eems as il I should go mad it you did lot tell me lam forgiven. I will never, tever pain you again in that way, no natter what 1 hear, or what you do. I annot live without you, love. I cannot •ndure the thought of your disliking me. 'lease come to me. I must see you. 1 hought I heard you leave the house his morning at 4 o'clock, and I wanted TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 25, 1890. to follow. The night was ages. I feel that I have lived in vain. My life is a complete failure, and now without your love Ido not care to live. I dare not think what I might do. Oh, tell me that you forgive and love me the same as ever. "Always your sweetheart, but now so wretched." The Third Letter. "Dearest— Can you possibly go with me to the party tomorrow night? Mr. McC. will not go; I have asked him,and even insisted upon it, but he sayj no, and under these circumstances it cer tainly will be right for you to aecompanv me as an escort, for as' anch others!will consider youj and no more. What mat ters it that we know better? Tim rest of the party will be so absorbed in their own pleasures that we will not be com mented upon. Mrs. went out with Mr. last summer, and co ope thought of making anvreliifuks about it. lam certain I did not. Her husband I would, not go with her, so it was nebe- ; sary for some one else. 11' by going you are inconvenienced in any way, just"say so. I shall not insist upon your doing whai you would rathe* not. I cannot think of a greater pleasure' (in orfr situation) than a moonlight ride with you. I could think of a greater were "it other wise. Since I have given you my word not to seek you or meet you as we have been doing in tlie past, I must therefore necessarily write, and you will forgive this, I am certain. If'you conclude to go, please let me ' know" some way at once. I can let my horse to some one else more fortunate. My precious one. forgive me if I make the'burden harder for you to bear. Ido not wish to do so, (rod knows, but, I am only a woman with a woman's heart, which" will always beat its love for you. Although I must sometimes seem wicked to you, situated as I am, remember I am always your sweetheart." McConkey's Farewell Note. The following letter was found upon t he body of McConkey: "Redlands, Monday, March 24. "Darling wife, babies, Clara and Mary, mother and father—My heart is all torn and crushed. I can't go through life now. lam so sorry I did not look more to your happiness. God will care for you now. Look well to the raising of the poor babies. In the little black cash box in the safe you will find some papers that will be of benefit to you and Clara. Oh ! I am so very, very unhappy! "Yours in death, and my last privet is for you. Fkeo." CONFLAGRATIONS. FIRES IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. A. Valuable Botanical Laboratoy neStroyeft.. A Big Hotel Fire in Nebraska—Many Miles of Burning Prairies in Western Kansas. Lansing, Mich., March 24.—The Bo tanical laboratory has been destroyed by fire, the only things saved being Dr. Real's library, manuscripts and some in struments. The laboratory was one of the largest on this continent, and the collection destroyed was priceless, rep resenting twenty-five years' work. A Colorado Town Destroyed. Denver, March 24.—The business por tion of Elmoro, a small town in South ern Colorado, was consumed by lire to night, including the Hunt building, Commercial hotel, News building, post office and contents, and several other smaller buildings. The loss is esti mated at $25,000. No insurance. Big Hotel Fire. Kearney, Neb., March 24.—The Mid way hotel burned this morning. One of the guests, Henry Deming, a theatrical man, was killed by jumping from a win dow. The pecuniary loss is about $150, --0 fully insured. Burning I'rairles. Wichita, Kan., March 24.—Two boys playing with matches on a farm north of here this morning, started a disastrous prairie fire. The wind was blowing a gale. _ Tonight it is learned that the lire practically burned out after passing over about fifty quarter sections of land, and destroying a great quantity of grain and hay. The loss of stock is hot severe. It is understood the pecuniary loss w ill reach $150,000. Stockton, Kansas, March 24. —Prairie fires devastated a large portion of the farming lands of Rooks county yester day. Many outbuildings, an immense amount of grain and some stock were burned. The fire started by a man burning corn stalks. He will" be prose cuted. The Students* Revolt. London, March 24.—Dispatches from Russia in regard to the agitation among the university students are confused and conflicting. The agitation started in the agricultural academy near Moscow. In spite of the strict precautions of the Government the agitation spread to other institutions, and the students have been holding meetings at all the universitiesr. There is a general up heaval in the student world. Arrests of students suspected of being leaders of the agitation have been made in every one of the principal universities throughout Russia. Mrs. Harrison In the South- Atlanta, Ga., March 24.—Mrs. Harri son and party were entertained by Gov ernor Bullock today, and tonight were tendered a reception at the capitol. To morrow they go to Chatanooga to look over the baitlefields in that vicinity. Postmaster Pierce Fined. Ban Francisco, March 24.— E. W. Pierce, the Turlock postmaster recently convicted in the United States Court oi misdemeanor, was today lined $500 on each of the eleven charges. He has been released on bail, pending appeal. Aerial Navigation. London, March 24.—The Herald says a rich government contractor is privately building near London an airship which is expected to carry a crew of several men at a speed of 150 miles an hour. A Serious Situation. Liverpool, March 24.—The dock labor ers who struck the employers decline to have any negotiations with. A deadlock has resulted, and the position is serious. GENERAL TOPICS. The Florida Orange Industry Crippled. Great Damage Done by the Recent Frosts. Trains Arrain Runnhur on ijhe Oregon Road. The Longest Blockade on ftooord Heavy Loss Sustained by the Company, | Associated Press bisr*»eiie'H PHILADELPHIA, March 24.—A letter hy' a prominent oranget'grower at La Grange, Florida, about the effecta of the frost the past season upon the orange groves, dated March 20th, says : "Two damaging 'rosts have occurred, the second much worse than the first. The old hummock groves look as if a fire had been through them. All the trees will lose their leaves. Some Of the wood on the old trees is killed. On some trees where there has been picked a box or more ml oranges, the bark is split from top to bottom. I have bandaged a good many, but do not know how they wtll come out. All the young trees in a number of orchards are killed outright. Some have been out five years, and many were quite large. I had 700 fine budded nur sery trees killed outright last Monday morning. It is estimated that the dam age to young trees in the State by frost will amount to a million dollars. It is not thought that the old bearing trees are injured sufficiently to affect the next year's crop. But the effect of the frost will be felt in later years, when the young trees now killed would have come into bearing. All growing vegetables were killed as far south in the State as Rock ledge. THE UKEfiOX ROAD. The Longest Blockade on Record Broken. San Francisco, March 24.—After a blockade that was possibly the longest that ever happened to an American rail road, the road between here and Port land was opened for traffic this after noon. The news was received by Colonel Crocker at 3 p.m. in a dispatch from Manager Kohler, at Portland. On re ceipt of the telegram orders were issued by General Superintendent Fillmore for the Oregon tram leaving here tonight to run through to Portland without change. The train leaving Portland tonight was also given orders to come through to this city. The blockade of the Oregon road has been a source of great expense to the company since the first of the year, amounting to about $240,000. Of* this amount about $150,000 is for the loss of traffic for January, February and this month. Sissions, Cal., March 24.—The snow is rapidly disappearing. Only about eighteen inches remains now on the level. A train with 300 laborers return ing from c,v,' creek passed this evening. The track is all laid in that section, and a through train from Portland is ex pected to pass tomorrow. THE DUTY ON SUGAR. The Pacific Coast Opposed to the Pro poser! Reduction. San Francisco, March 24.—The San Francisco Chamber of Commerce this afternoon adopted a resolution reciting .that the existing tariff on sugar is favor able to the development of the beet I sugar industry of the country, and par ticularly of the Pacific Coast, and pro testing against the proposed reduction of the duty on this product. The reso lutions urge the Pacific Coast delegation in Congress to resist any reduction of the duty on sugar amounting to more than 25 per cent of the present rate. A Satisfactory Settlement. San Francisco, March 24.—At a meet j ing of the creditors of the banking house of Belloc & Co. today a report of the committee was received to the effect that Charles Wayne had agreed to pay sixty per cent, of the indebtedness, and that Belloc had cabled from Paris that he would pay the remaining forty per cent, at the end of the year. Wayne stated that he would execute, his part of the agreement when he received a mortgage on Belloc's Paris property, which is now on the way. The meeting was accord ingly adjourned for six weeks, when it is expected a final settlement will be made. The liabilities are reported at $486,000, and the assets $131,000. Must I'ay Alimony. San Francisco, March 24.—The Su preme Court today refused to release on a habeas corpus Joseph M. Spencer, im prisoned for contempt of court for refus ing to pay his divorced wife's alimony. The conrt, in its decision, says the code of California proceeds upon' the theory that a husband at marriage enters into an obligation which binds him to sup port the, wife during the period of their joint lives, and gives to her the right to share in the accumulations of his skill, and when, by his own wrong, he has forced her to sever the relations which enabled her to enforce such obligations, he must make compensation in the form of alimony. A Claim of Fraud. San Diego, March 24.—Two or three years ago the ex-Mission Land and Water Company executed a mortgage on their lands near the city to Chiiders & Flash, of Los Angeles, for about $125,000. Chiiders & Flash afterward got judgment against the company for that amount, and sold the property, which they bid in themselves, for $55,000 less than the amount of the mortgage. The land and water com pany now claim there was fraud in the same, and have commenced suit in the Superior Court asking the judgment to be set aside. Stockton's New Knilroad. Stockton, Cal., March 24.—There have been rumors among the business men here for several days that work will com mence soon on what is known as the Homer railroad, to run from Stockton to Yisalia. Parties are securing the right of way, and men who claim to know say work will be commenced on the road way inside of ninety days, and fifty miles of road will be built this year. The right of way from Stockton south ward has been secured for five miles, and ninety acres have been secured for depot groiinds just outside the western boundary of the city, on deep water. More Trouble for the Brotherhood. Boston, March 24. —The carpenters at work on the Boston Players Club grounds were ordered to quit this after noon by the Carpenter's Union. Ac cording to tho walking delegate, the Federation bl Labor had been given to understand that in pay ment for their endorsement the Brotherhood would let the contracts only to such contractors as would agree to employ union labor, pay union wages and enforce union hours. It is asserted that not only has tlie Brotherhood Club of Boston failed to conform to the require ments of the union, but the brotherhood inoibercities have practically ignored in placing contracts the endorsement of the labor organizations and the wishes of the Carpenters' Union. Coronado Moguls Arrested. San Dieoo, March 24.— E. S. Babcock, Jr., president of the Coronado Beach Company, the San Diego Street Car Company and the San Diego and Coro nado Water Company, together with James A. Flint, secretary and manager of the latter, were arrested this after noon charged with violating the city ordinances in not laying certain piping. A Denial. San Diego, March 24.—President H. T. Christian, of the Board of Delegates, published a card today denying that Carlson had any right to use his name in connection with his Salt Lake circu lars of the San Diego and Eastern Ter minal road, and that he had never been treasurer of any of his corporations, or had any interest in them. Murder Cases Dismissed. Salinas, Cal. March 24. —On motion of the District Attorney the Asbell and Lagtina murder cases were dismissed today. The former wastried four times, and the latter once, without a verdict in either case. A Funny Man for Mayor. Milwaukee, March 24. —George W. Peck, t]ie well-known humorist, was nominated for Mayor by the Democratic convention today. A MYSTERIOUS PAIR. I TWO STRANGERS WHO LIVED WELL ON SMALL CAPITAL. The Town of Bristol, Pennsylvania, Has / * » Mystery Which None Are Able to Unravel — Tradesmen Dazzled and I Badly Swindled. Bristol, Pa., March 24.—Attach ments for debt were issued today to a number of firms here against two mys terious residents who have been living a life of luxury and ease at this place for the last two years. Since the two men, who were known as Birdsall and Howe, entered the place in May, 1888, they have been the mystery of the town. They furnished a large house on the river front in magnificent style, placed a steam pleasure yacht on the Delaware and purchased "three thoroughbreds with harness and carriages. In addi tion they hired a number of servants. They always appeared to have plenty of money until last February, since which time Howe has been away. Creditors have been unable to collect their money, and consequently have been keeping a close watch on their movements. Last Friday Birdsall dropped a letter which was "picked up. llt was from Howe, in San Francisco, and advised Birdsall to move their effects to Burlington in order to outwit their creditors. Howe informed Birdsall that a letter addressed "K. J. If. Huzzard, Jackson ville, Florida, "would reach him after a certain date. Acting on this informa tion, all the horses, carriages and furni ture belonging to the mysterious pair were immediately seized. Birdsale left for New York in the afternoon, and it is surmised that he will not return. GKRMANY. The Kmperor's Heart Bowed Down—An other Bismarck Resigns. Bkrlin, March 24.—The committee of the Labor Conference has agreed that each country shall be left to decide the best method of securing a shortening of the hours of labor in trades dangerous to health or life. The Sunday committee will propose that all the States agree to identical measures relating to Sunday rest. The Wiemarsehe ZeUung says the Em peror sent the following telegram to in timate friends Saturday: "I have in deed suffered bitter experience and painful hours. My heart is as sorrowful as if I had again lost a grandfather, but it is so appointed by God, and His will be done, even though I should fall under the burden. The part of officer of the watch on the ship of state has fallen to my lot. Her course remains the same. So now, full steam, ahead." General Yon Schellendorf has been appointed to command the tenth army corps to succeed Caprivi. Count Wil liam Bismarck, the younger son of Prince Bismarck, has resigned the presidency of the regency of Hanover. The Emperor has appointed Count Eulenburg, now Governor of Hesse-Nas sau, Prussian Minister of the Interior; Dr. Miguel, one of the leaders of the Na tional Liberal party, Minister of Finance; Baron Heune, Minister of Agriculture ; (ieneral Yon Goltz, Minister of Public Works. Kilraln Farmed Out. Baltimore, March 24.—Mrs. Kilrain has a telegram from her husband. He states that he will not be sent to jail, but will spend his two months with his friend Charles Rich, at Richburg, Miss., where Kilrain fought Sullivan. Rich, it is understood, purchased Kilrain's re lease under the contract leasing system. Judge Hagcr's Will. San Fbancisco, March 24.—The will of Judge John S. Hager was filed for pro bate this afternoon. His entire estate, valued at $300,000, is left to his wife. ra> '^J-r.y-^J—cjj wj L H!sB A YE ARK- 1 V Buys the Daily Herald and M $2 the Weekly Hekai.d. J NEWSY AND CLKAN^J FIVE CENTS. FOREIGN NEWS. Labouchere Again Worrying the Tories. Balfour Introduces a New Land Purchase Bill. A Very Complex and Intricate Measure, It Promises to Do Great Things for Ire land, but the Parnellites Mis trust It. Associated Press Dispatches.] London, March 24.—1n the Commons, Matthews, Home Secretary, in reply to a question by Labouchere, denied that Inspector Jarvis had ever gone into bus iness at Del Norte, Colorado, near Sheri dan's ranch, for the purpose of gleaning evidence to be placed before the Parnell Commission. Balfour introduced a bill for the pur chase of land in Ireland, and for the im provement of the poorer and more con gested districts. The bill also provides fur the establishment of an Irish land department. Balfour said in proposing the formation of the land department the complex nature of the question pre sented itself. There were now no fewer than five bodies for the valuation and sales of land. The bill proposed the amalgamation of these into one body. Concerning the question: Ought the land purchase bill be compulsory? the Government answered, No. no. Com pulsion should be used most sparingly, (Ironical Irish cheers), but when justi fied by necessity it should be ap plied. Compulsion could not be one-sided; if they compelled the land lords to sell, they must force the tenants to buy. A most cogent reason against compulsion was that they could not make the bill compulsory" without ap plying it to the whole of Ireland. The Government saw no possibility for the immediate consummation of such an enormous transaction as the compulsory transfer of the whole land of Ireland from the existing owners to the existing occupiers. Ought they to throw any risk upon the British tax-payers? The Government answered no. Still British credit under perfectly sure conditions must be used. In dealing with the ques tion of advances to tenants to enable them to purchase, the Government de cided against advancing more than twenty years' rental, meaning rent from which had been deduced the local rates now paid by the landlords. Balfour then went on at great length to explain the scheme of the security of the funds, the matter being very com plicated. The bill in a large portion is the Ashbourne act improved, and with additions requiring security for pur chases, etc. After an elaborate financial detail showing how the Imperial ex chequer is secured against default, Bal four said it was impossible unless there were a repetition of the famine of 1846, that guarantees effecting the poor law and education grants should ever be ap proached. It is designed to use one fourth per cent from the tenants' annual four per cent, as a fund for the erection of laborers' dwellings. The grant of a million and a half from the Irish church surplus shall be devoted to relieving congestion, fostering industries, and ameliorating the condition of the poor districts. Balfour, in concluding, defended the scheme as without risks to the Imperial taxpayer, while £33,000,000 ad vanced under the bill, with £10,000,000 of the Ashbourne act, would establish a perpetual fund, from which future purchases by tenants might be made. The landlords are to receive Government stock at 2% per cent, interest, payable in not less than 30 years, and to be ex changeable for consols wherever pre ferred. Gladstone said the scheme was cer tainly very complicated, and thanks were due to Balfour for the obvious pains he has taken in its preparation. It was premature, he added, to discuss the in volved proposals of the bill. Gladstone expressed pleased surprise on bearing the possibility of there being £1,500,000 left of the Irish church sur plus. He said when he was last officially informed on the subject, he had learned that the money had been exhausted. The bill passed first reading. Under the closure rule, thecal lot ments hill passed reading in the Commons to night. Gladstone tonight in a speech at the National Liberal Club, spoke of Bal four's land purchase bill as a bold meas ure which involved the British tax payers assuming a large liability, and demanded a searching investigation. Referring to the Parnell Commission he said he could not conceive a shorter method of suicide than that adopted by the House of Lords in approving the re port. The Tory majority had invented political methods as new-fangled as they were abominable. The Daily News in speaking of the land purchase bill gays: One thing stands out clearly; that the British credit may be pledged to the extent of £33,000,000 for the benefit, nominally, of the Irish tenant, but really for the benefit of the landlord. The News says the voice was Balfour's, hut the hand was Goschen's. Parnell says the bill is absurd and ob jectionable in the highest degree, one fatal defect being that it gives no local control over its administration. Davitt pronounced against the bill as an insidious proposal to give the land lord more than value for his land. The Times does not commit itself, not having studied the bill, but thinks upon the whole, it seems to prompt the crea tion of peasant proprietary on a very large scale.without involving the British exchequer in risk. Kmlnokv Wants a Meeting* Vienna, March 24.—1t is reported that Count Kalnokyhas suggested that a con ference be held between Emperor Wil liam, Emperor Francis Joseph and King Humbert, as the only means of allaying the anxiety prevailing in Austria and Italy regarding the situation arising from Bismarck's resignation.