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. THE HERALD ]
P Stands lor the Tnterests of - Southern California. J gVUBSCRIBE FOR IT. LOS ANGELES HERALD. VOL. XXXIV.—NO. 48. AN OPEN DRAW. Thirteen Lives Carelessly Sacrificed, Frightful Disaster at an Oakland Bridge. A Narrow-Gauge Train's Fear ful Plunge. The Engine, Tender and One Coach Submerged. Passengers Imprisoned in the Car Beneath the Water — Well-Known People Among the Victims. Associated Press Dispatches. I San Francisco, May 30. —One of the most horrible railway accidents ever known in California occurred at 1:40 o'clock this afternoon, when a local train, connecting at Oakland with the ferry boats from San Francisco, ran through an open drawbridge over San Antonio creek, at Webster street, Oak land. The yacht Juanita had just passed through the draw, when a train ap peared, going in the direction of Ala meda. The drawbridge-keeper endeav ored at once to close the bridge, but it was too late, and the engine, with the tender and first car, which was filled with passengers, plunged into the estu ary, which is here quite deep. Engineer Sam Dunn and Fireman O'Brien went down with the engine. The former, when he saw the bridge did not close, reversed the lever, but the momentum of the engine was too great to be stopped in time. The weight of the engine and first car broke the coup lings and left the other two cars of the train standing on the track. The second car ran about a third of the way across the bridge and stopped, but the jar was sufficient to break open the front of the car, and many of the passengers were thrown into the water. The first car, which had followed the engine to the bottom of the muddy estuary, soon rose, and such of the passengers as had escaped therefrom were [ticked up by the yachts and small boats which gathered at the scene. The train men and the rest of the pas sengers lent their aid to the work of rescue, and when the wrecking train ar rived from Oakland, the car was drawn into shallow water, and small boats be gan dragging the creek for bodies. The train was in charge of Conductor Paerth and an extra crew, it being a holiday, and the conductor stated prob ably twenty-five persons had met their death. The top of the passenger coach was cut open as soon as it was raised above the water, and the work of removing the bodies commenced, ten being taken out in quick succession. Engineer Dunn was not to be found, and it was believed he perished beneath his engine. The fireman, it is thought, escaped by jumping. Three women and three girls wore taken from the water alive, and removed to the receiving hospital. Another young lady died soon after being taken from the water. Intense Excitement. The news of the accident created in tense excitement in Oakland, and thou sands of people flocked to the morgue and to the scene of the wreck. At the morgue the bodies were laid out as soon as received, to await identification. The body of E. P. Robinson, which was among those taken from the hole cut in the roof of the car, was among the first removed there, and was taken charge of by Coroner Evers. The bodies of six men and two women were brought in soon after, some of the bodies being at first left at the receiving hos pital, where the injured were also taken. In a short time thirteen bodies lay on the floor and on the marble slabs of the morgue awaiting identification; and sev eral heartrending scenes were witnessed as friends came forward to claim their dead. Identified Dead. The list of identified is as follows : Martin Kelley, Oakland, assistant chief wharfinger for the state. S. H. Austin, of Austin & Phelps, San Francisco. Miss Florence Austin. Mrs. Bryan O'Connor, widow of the deceased member of the firm of O'Con nor, Moffat & Co., San Francisco. J. B. Irwin, sewing-machine agent, Oakland. E. R. Robinson, San Francisco. Luigi Malestoi, San Francisco. Captain John Dwyer, Sacramento. M. E. Williams, San Francisco. H. AY. Auld (colored), Honolulu. The two Misses Keenan, San Fran cisco. The thirteenth body was that of a Japanese boy, supposed to be H. Mal oria, of San Francisco. A late dispatch says the engineer and firemen were both saved. Stories of Passengers. Tlie experience of the passengers in the lirst coach as related by those who fortunately escaped, was terrifying in the extreme. P. F. Finley, one of the passengers from San Francisco, told a graphic story of the disaster: "We left the city on the 1:15 train for Alameda on the narrow gauge. I was seated on the front seat of the first car,facing the engine. All went well until just as we approached the draw bridge crossing the San An tonio creek. As we drew near to the bridge, it seemed to me that the draw was open, and that a fearful accident was inevitable. Just then a man jumped from the engine into the water, and then came a crash. A horrible crushing of timber and the snapping of heavy iron work followed, and at once consternation prevailed in the car. The next thing I knew the car was in the water, and I found myself blindly grasp ing for the door, which I fortunately reached and opened. When I found myself on the platform I gradually worked my way by clinging and holding on to the front of the car to the roof, which I had just reached when that end of the car rose out of the water, and quite a number of people escaped in this manner, principally women and chil dren. "The car was about two-thirds full when we left the wharf, and I should judge there were at least twenty-live to thirty persons in it. There was a fear ful outcry when it began to fill, but this was almost immediately hushed in one final wail of despair. I was very fortu nate in escaping with a slight injury to my shoulder and several cuts on * the head." George T. Hawley, of Oakland Heights, was in the car which went over, but es caped. He said there were about forty people, including children, in the car. When he found the car tilling with water he climbed to the upper end, but did not get out until he was completely under water. He came to the top and made for the window and got wedged. After a struggle, however, he managed to get through. John 1,. Howard's Experience. John L. Howard, manager of the Oregon Improvement Company, was in the forward car when it went off the abutment. "I was in the center on the right-hand side of the car," said Mr. Howard. "I felt the shock as the wheels left the rails, for that awful moment before we went into the water. The water rushed in, splinters and pieces of glass were Hying, and the shrieks of the passengers, especially women, were simply agonizing. I threw open a window, and taking a long breath, dived through the water, com ing up all right on the surface. It was a difficult job, for the water was filling the car with fearful rapidity, and every thing was done so quickly that I hardly realized it all. While swimming about I saw Captain Hackett on the car roof, pulling Miss Roberts out through a window. I assisted him until they were safe on the abutment. Men in small boats did grand service in rescuing those who were floundering about in the water and struggling through the windows. The shrieks and piteous cries for help were heartrending. They soon became smothered as the car filled." The G'nnauctor's Account. Conductor • Perath said: "The first car was a combination, and I had gone through it before we bridge. It would hold about forty-eight people. After it went down it was as much as I could do to attend to the passengers of the remaining two coaches, some of whom were frenzied with fear. I made my way to the head end, though, as soon as I could force my way through, and looked down on the scene of death. I noticed at least half a dozen men swim away from the wreck, but did not see any women or children escape. I do not know any of the people who were in the coach." What the Ii ridge-Keeper Says. James Dunlap, who was tending the bridge at the time of tho accident, said: "I was in charge at the time, and had just opened the draw to allow the yacht Juanita to-pass through. I was in the act of moving the draw back into place when the up train from San Francisco came along. That is all I know about it." lie declined to answer the question if it was not rather unusual to open the draw just at the hour when a train was due. Some Who Escaped. Brakeman Hutchison, w ho was on the first car, escaped, as did Councilman John Hackett, of Oakland. Among those who were rescued was Captain Roberts, owner of several coal barges. Mrs. P. H. Look had her arm cut, but escaped. Several others were injured. Erneßt Ferguson is reported to be missing. The frame of the car has been raised and it is believed there are no more bodies in the wreck. The Scene of the Disaster. The water over which the bridge is built is an estuary of San Francisco bay, and is commonly called Oakland creek. A strong current runs in the stream, which at the point of the accident is about 300 feet wide and 20 feet deep. Both sides of the creek are iined with shipping, and the boatmen from the vessels were of great assistance in res cuing those who escaped from the car. The drawbridge is about 100 feet long, and just before the trains from San Francisco get on the bridge they have to come around a sharp curve, and usually travel at a high rate of speed. A pas senger train crosses the bridge every half-hour during the day, and when the bridge is open the keeper is supposed to signal by hoisting a red flag. J. N. Dunlap, the bridge tender, says the danger flag was properly set in the center of the track when the bridge was swung open for the yacht Juanita to pass. The boat had just gone through, and the bridge was being swung back, when the train pitched off. He sup posed the engineer did not see the signal on account of the curve. The stories of the engineer and fireman have not been obtained, as they disappeared as soon as rescued. Scenes At the Morgue. The scene at the morgue, on Wash ington street, was a terrible one. Hun dreds of anxious people gathered in front of the building, and struggled to gain admittance. The building was In charge of Sheriff Hale, who with a large force of deputies and police, kept the crowd back. One white-haired old man frantically sought to gain admittance, saying he was looking for his boy. "There are no boys in here," said the sheriff." "He was 35 years old," said the old man, "but he was my only son." The people who lost their lives were nearly all of the better classes, and be longed to well-known San Francisco and Oakland families. Thousands of people flocked to the scene of the disaster, and the street leading to the bridge was crowded with vehicles and hurrying men and women. So great was the crowd on the draw bridge, that the police had to drive the people off for fear the great weight would upset the bridge and cause an other catastrophe. A Panic Among the Populace. The wildest rumors of the extent of SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 31, 1890. the loss of life were circulated, and many people from San Francisco went across the bay to look for friends who were sup posed to be on the train. News of the disaster reached Mountain View ceme tery, where hundreds of Oakland people were decorating graves. A panic was created, and men, women and children rushed into town, leaving their dead and dropping their bouquets as they ran. The cars of the narrow-gauge road seat about fifty people, and the seats are very close together. Conservative estimates place the number of people in the car at about thirty, thirteen of whom were killed. The Thirteenth Victim. The thirteenth body was identified as Captain Thomas Dwyer, of Sacramento, president of the San Joaquin Navigation Company. Sacramento, May 30.—Captain Thos. Dwyer, who lost his life in the Oakland disaster, was one of the most prominent citizens of Sacramento. For a number of years he had been president of the San Joaquin Navigation Company, and owned a controlling interest in the river Steamers. He was one of the wealthiest citizens of Sacramento. He leaves a large family. Revised l ist of the Dead. San Francisco, May 39.—At midnight all the bodies recovered had been iden tified. Parties are still at work search ing the bed of the creek, but it is be lieved no more lives were lost. Follow ing is a correct list of the victims : Captain Thomas Dwyer, Sacramento. J. K. Irwin, Oakland. Henry S. Austin, San Francisco, and his daughter, Miss Florence Austin. Miss Katie Kearns and Miss Nellie Kearns, San Francisco. H. S. Auld, Honolulu. Matthias Williams, San Francisco. E. R. Robinson, San Francisco. Mrs. Bryan O'Connor, San Francisco. Martin S. Kelly, San Francisco. Luigui Malatcsta and Allilio Mala testa, his son, San Francisco. OX THE PACIFIC COAST. Memorial Day Generally Observed With Patriotic Exercises. San Francisco, May 30. —Decoration day was generally observed here as a holiday. The parade of national and state troops and Grand Army posts was followed by the usual exercises at the cemeteries. The parade today was one of the best of the kind ever witnessed in San Fran cisco. The post of honor was accorded the United States troops, under Major- General Miles, consisting of six com panies of the first United States in fantry and four batteries of the fifth United States artillery, with two troops of cavalry. The second division com prised the first, second and third regi ments of the National Guard and San Francisco hussars. The third division comprised Grand Army posts, Mexican Veterans and Sons of Veterans. At the eemotery Comrade Henry C. Dibble delivered an address. The literary and musical exercises in the Grand opera house were attended by several thousand people. John L. Boone deliyered an oration. Frusno, May 30. —Decoration day was appropriately observed here. The pro cession to the cemetery was participated in by the G. A. R., companies of the National Guard, and the W, R. C. Lit erary exercises were held in Rigg's theater. An address was made by Hon. Chester Rowell. Sacramento, May 30. —This afternoon a procession marched to the cemetery. The city was decorated with bunting. At the opera house, this evening, ad dresses were made. St. Helena, Cal., May 30. —A proces sion marched to the cemetery this morn ing. Redding, Cal., May 30. —Salutes were fired and addresses made here today in honor of the dead, in the presence of a large crowd. Benicia, Cal., May 30.—The United States troops and G. A. R. met at the military cemetery. An address was de livered by Rev. F. Dinsmore. Napa, Cal., May 27.—The G. A. R. and women's relief corps conducted decoration exercises here today. An oration was delivered by Judge E. J). Ham. Portland, Ore., May 30.—The me morial services were held in the plaza today and not in the cemetery. Tho G. A. R. and National Guard formed a pro cession. There were special services in the evening at the theater. Monterey, Cal., May 30.—-Citizens and school-children marched in two divisions to the government reservation today. Traver, Cal., May 30.—Flags were half-masted and business houses closed today. Placer ville, Cal., May 30.—Two hun dred school girls, dressed in white, headed the G. A. R. procession to the cemetery this afternoon, to decorate the graves. Redwood City, Cal., May 30.—The day was observed here by a procession and literary exercises. Santa Rosa, Cal., May 30.—This morn ing a procession of G. A. R. and N. G. C. decorated the graves at the ceme tery. Gilroy, Cal., May 30.—Graves were decorated here today as usual. The orator of the day was Miss Sarah Sever ance. Hollister, Cal., May 30.—After an address at the opera house this morning a procession of the G. A. R., fire depart ment and Sons of Veterans marched to tlie cemetery and decorated the graves. Grass Valley, Cal., May 30.—There was no parade today, but business was suspended and graves were decorated. Anaheim, Cal., May 30.—There was a military parade this afternoon. Terrific Itush of Waters. Arcadia,Wis.,'May 30. —A terrific rain storm came up at midnight last night. Water fell in torrents for several hours, flooding the river, which soon over flowed. Two mill dams were swept away, flooding almost the entire village. For a short time the village was in the midst of the river, which poured through the streets from two to six feet deep, washing out sidewalks, fences and moving houses from their foundations. The only life known to be lost is that of the infant of Mrs. Olsen, which was swept from its mother's arms by the swift current and drowned. .Every bridge in the vicinity was swept away. DECORATION DAY Tributes to the Nation's Defenders. Memorial Exercises All Over the Land. Dedication of the Garfield Statute at Cleveland. Addresses By President Harrison and General Sherman. Senator Ingalls Speaks at Gettysburg. Boutelle and Others at Washington. Associated Press Dispatches. I Cleveland, May 30.—The Garfield memorial at Lake View cemetery was dedicated today with imposing cere monies in the presence of the president and cabinet, members of congress and other distinguished people from all over the country. The memorial is a colossal structure, 160 feet high, and cost $150,000. The exorcises began with a parade of mili tary and civic societies. Thousands of spectators lined the streets through which the procespion passed. The decorations along the line of march and all over the city were the finest ever seen here. The procession consisted of twelve divisions, including members of Garfield's old regiment, Grand Army of the Republic, state militia, the vice president, members of the cabinet, Gen eral Schofield, senators and representa tives, the orator of the day and dis tinguished guests. The procession was two hours in pass ing a given point, and was five miles in length. There were at least 25,000 men in line. The Oration of the Day. At the cemetery ex-President Hayes, president of the Memorial Association, presided. After prayer by Bishop Leo nard, ex-Governor Cox of Cincinnati, delivered the oration of the day. Among other things he said: "It is well this memorial should be built here in the capital city of the western reserve. Himself the type of a western reserve boy, bis marble efliyy under this dome ia sort of an apotheosis of western reserve i manhood. It typifies the courage of the DM* and women which planted new I homes where savages still roamed: phy sical vigor of body and limb, tireless in dustry and thrift, soaring purpose and unfaltering will. Standing in the pres ence of the Garfield statute, many a young soul, conscious of kinship in self-dependence, in longing for cultivation, and for a noble career, and possibly also in capacity and will, may form aspirations and purposes as noble as the sculptured form, and pure as the marble in which it is chiseled. It will be the bright privilege of such to idealize the character which serves as his model and stimulates his best am bitions." Cox then traced Garfield's career and closed with a brilliant peroration on the martyred president. President Harrison, Vice-President Morton, members and ex-members of the cabinet, the general of the army and governor of Ohio were then presented. President Harrison then addressed the assemblage. The President's Speech. Following is President Harrison's speech: Mr. Chairman and Fellow-Citizens— I thank you most sincerely for this cor dial greeting, but I shall not be betrayed by it into a lengthy speech. The selec tion of this day for these exercises, the day consecrated to the memory of those who died that there might be one flag of honor and authority in this republic (applause) is most fitting. That one flag encircles us with its folds today, the unrivalled object of our loyal love. [Ap plause.] This monument, so imposing and tasteful, fittingly typifies the grand and symmetrical character of him in whose honor it has been builded. [Ap plause. I His was "the arduous great ness of things done." No friendly hands constructed and placed for his ambition a ladder upon which he might climb. His own brave hands framed and nailed the cleats upon which he climbed to the heights of usefulness and fame. [Applause.] He never ceased to be a student and in structor. Turning from peaceful pur suits to army service, he quickly mas tered tactics and strategy, and in his brief army career taught some valuable lessons in military science. [Applause.] Turning again [from the field to the council of state, he stood among the greatest debaters that have ever made our national congress illustrious. What he might have been or done as president of the United States is left chiefly to the friendly augury based upon a career that had no incident of failure or inadequacy. [Applause.] The cruel circumstances attending his death have but one ameli oration—that a space of life was given him to teach from his dying bed a great lesson of peace and forbearance. [Ap plause.] His mortal part will find hon orable rest here, but the lessons of his life and death will continue to be in structive and inspiring incidents in American history. < President Harrison was followed by Vice-President Morton and Governor Campbell, who made short speeches. General Sherman Speaks. There were cries for' General Sher man, and when the old warrior responded there was tumultuous cheering. Gen eral Sherman said: Comrades All—You see me here to day, and our former president will tell you I am not General Sherman in Cleve land, but a pioneer of the first order, and if you come to New York our vice president* will tell you I am a member of the chamber of commerce. But when I see that badge upon you, and the star on your breast, I thank God that here in Ohio I am the old-fashioned Uncle Billy. rLaughter.j I have come here to your beautiful city to pay my tribute of love to the memory of James Abraham Garfield. I see no statue of Garfield from where I stand, but I see a temple, a monument, erected to his memory ; not for you and me boys, for our careers have run; but for your children and those who are to come after us. There it will stand pointing to heaven, seen from the beau tiful lake; and to those who come after us, by land and by sea—it points to the man who was the finest type of man hood, of soldier and citizen that my memory recalls. [Applause.J Secretary Windom, Postmaster-Gen eral Wanamaker. Attorney-General Mil ler, Secretary Rusk, Major McKinley and Bishop Gilmour spoke briefly. The speaking was followed by brief ceremonies by the Knights Templar. This closed the exercises. AT THE CAPITAL. Speeches By Congressman Boutelle and Others—A German Address. Washington, May 30.—Decoration day was observed as a holiday. All the government departments were closed. A large number of people attended the ceremonies at the cemeteries. Many others went fishing, on picnics or excur sions. Congressman Boutelle, of Maine, delivered an oration at Arlington ; Con gressman Morse, of Massachusetts, at the soldiers' home. Congressman Boutelle's Address. The address of Representative Bou telle, of Maine, at Arlington cemetery was a notable one. He spoke of the righteousness of the union cause. "The men who rallied to the defense of the star-spangled banner," he -said, "not only kept step to the music of the union, but marched in the vanguard of Chris tian civilization. This cannot be said, and nothing like it can ever be truth fully said of the cause of those who sought by rebellion to destroy the gov ernment. The rebellion was a conspiracy organized in the interest of human slavery. It sought a pretext for precipi tating a bloody conflict with the purpose of establishing a slave-holding confed eracy, or ultimate empire, to embrace a large portion of the territory of the United States, including a great section of territory that had been purchased by the whole people." "Comrades," said the orator, "we pay the highest reverence to the memory of our dead when we strive most earnestly to remember and to impress upon others the nobility of the cause for which they so steadfastly fought. We have no de sire to revive unhappy memories or fan any embers of sectional strife, and so far as I have observed, the fanning of those embers has been principally the work oi our brethren of the south." Reference was made to the scenes at Richmond during the last few days, and Boutelle expressed "a little more than regret" at what he said could not fail to shock the true sense of propriety. He protested against the lavish display of rebel colors, and said the ex-confederates who displayed the flag to glorify it, were not true to the parole granted at Appo mattox. Boutelle's oration was followed by ap plause of the stormiest kind. Congressman Mason, of Illinois, de livered a spirited address in a similar vein, at the congressional cemetery. A German Address. A large number of German veterans and others gathered at Prospect Hill cemetery to do honor to their dead com rades. An oration was delivered in tier man by Editor Skutsch, of the Wash ington Journal. After eulogizing the German soldiers, he turned to the con sideration of political questions, and said, in part: "If the German element of this country does not wish to expose itself to well-grounded charges that it places material above all other objects, then it will have to devote itself to politics in the future to a greater degree than here tofore. In nine great states of the union, no governor, no legislature, could be elected if they be unfriendly toward the just claims of the German element, if it would but assert its inherent power and political strength. No man could be elected to the office of president of the United States, by one or the other of the two great parties, who should bear upon his brow Cain's mark of Know- Nothingism. The principle of political equality upon which our government is based, places in the hands of every one the most powerful weapon of self defense man's ingenuity ever created— the elective franchise. Has the German element properly appreciated these weapons ? \\ c find the German element, one-seventh of the entire population of the union, neither represented in the supreme court or in the senate by but a single voice. Among the hundreds of representatives in congress, hardly one fiftieth part speaks the mother tongue. Can there be a valid reason in a system of government based upon the broadest foundation of universal equality, for such a disproportionate repre sentation of the popular elements claim ing common rights? Truly it were better for the German element, as well aB for the fortunes of this nation, would it but show less party fealty and more inde pendence in thought in the political life so surrounding it. It would not then be placed in one part of the country before the alternative of having its young com pelled to employ, even in acquiring a rudimentary education, the English lan guage in preference or to the exclusion of the language of their homes. It would not be asked in another part to accept and respect laws which originated in the narrow minds of fanatics—laws which at best are but ephemeral. It would not be asked to give its approval to the nar row restrictions of the free human right of migration, by erecting barriers against any nationality by means of unjust im migration laws, furthered by unworthy class spirit, and nourished upon the breast of antiquated prejudice. AT NEW YORK. Corner Stone of the Washington Me morial Arch Laid. New York, May 30.—This morning the corner stone of the Washington me morial arch was laid with impressive ceremonies. Music was rendered by 200 voices, selected from the Oratorio and other singing societies. The exer cises were opened with prayer by Bishop Potter, (ieorge William Curtis delivered an oration. The corner stone was laid by Grand Master John W. Vrooman, of the Masons of the state. The parade today consisted of eleven divisions, with 20,000 people in line, chiefly Grand Army men. The line of march was through Fifth avenue, from -3sB A YEARS— Buys the Daily Hkrald and $2 the Wbekly Herald. IT IS NEWSY AND CLEAN. FIVE CENTS. Central park. It was reviewed by the coinmander-in-chief, General R. A, Alger, at Madison square. As the reviewing party was going in a carriage to take their place, the horses ran away and dashed through Twenty third street. A policeman stopped them before any damage was done. The occupants were General Alger, Congress man Dolliver, and ex-Judge Van Kosan, chairman of the committee. The memorial exercises of the Grand Army at the Metropolitan opera house, this evening, attracted a large audience. Commander-in-Chief Alger presided. INGALLS AT GETTYSBURG. He Makes a Brilliant and Bitter Address. Gettysburg, Pa., May 30. —Unusually large crowds were present at the Decora tion day exercises. A large congressional delegation was present. The feature of the day's proceedings was an address by Senator Ingalls. Senator Inualls'saddress was a brilliant one, and was punctuated with tremen dous applause. In the course of it, re ferring to yesterday's celebration at Richmond, he said, in part: I have no desire, on this sacred occasion, to revert to any subject that is inconsistent with the solemnity of the hour, but unless the ideas for which our dead fought were right, they died in vain. But the only regret that seems to be felt by our adversaries, is that in the rebellion they failed to succeed. Robert E. Lee was undoubtedly one of the great est soldiers of the age; lofty of character, pure of life. For twenty-five years his sword had been under the flag of the re public. He had been educated at her expense, and taken an oath to support her constitution and laws; but he violated his oath, put aside his sword and took the leadership of the most causeless rebellion since the devil rebelled against heaven, and in perjury and in violation of faith and honor. Those who prove to have not accepted the results of the war in good faith, selecting this occasion in all other anni versaries of the 305 days of the year, with every augmentation of insolence, point to the south that this is an exam ple after which they should copy. A confederate flag is placed in the hand of Washington. TCries of shame! shame l . What wonder if the dead should cry against this sacrilege! We are told God alone knows which side was right. Now the sun rises on no master and sets on no slave. The shame of the republic is washed out. Liberty is the law of the land, and yet God alone knows which was right! If we are not right, if nationality is not better than secession, then these cere monies are without significance. The war against the union was the greatest crime of the century. This tendency of the south must be resented. This is a day of instruction. It is a duty we owe " the future generations, that our rela tions to that great conflict be under stood, and that our dead did not die in vain. It is not necessary to disparage the bravery of our adversaries. Let them rear monuments to their dead and cherish their deeds; let them eulogize the lost cause; let them worship their leaders ; Jet them carry their stars and bars. These are matters of taste, which they must decide for themselves. There is no other country under the sun that would permit such transactions. They are our countrymen, united to us by common heritage, they say, but when they assert that Lincoln and Davis, Grant and Lee, Logan and Jackson were equals, and that "God alone knows which was right," it is sacrilege of the vilest type, and needs rebuke. AT CHICAGO. The Statue of Lincoln Nearly Covered With Flowers. Chicago, May 30. —Decoration day was observed in the usual manner, the G. A. R. posts strewing flowers on the soldiers' graves, the young people at tending athletic sports" and picnics in the parks. Business was suspended. The bronze statue of Abraham Lin coln, in Lincoln park, was nearly hidden under flowers and wreaths. This decor ation was under the auspices of Lyon post, G. A. R. Interesting addresses were made. The day was hot for this season, the thermometer marking 94 de grees at 2 o'clock this afternoon. BLUE AND GRAY. Veterans of Both Armies Unite In Festivi ties in the South. Port Gibson, Miss., May 30.—A large excursion party arrived here this morn ing from the blue and gray reunion of Vicksburg, in response to an invitation from the Claiborne County Memorial Association of the C. S. A. " Speeches of welcome and responses were made, and all joined in an old-fashioned barbecue. Exercises at Denver. Denver, Colo., May 30. —Decoration day was observed here as usual, all the oftices and places of business being closed. The parade which took place this morning was the largest ever wit nessed in Denver. The exercises at Riverside cemetery were very im pressive. The day was generally ob served throughout the state, and espe cially at Pueblo, Colorado Springs, Leadville, Aspen and Greeley. At Santa Fe. Santa Fe, N. M., May 30.—Memorial day was observed here by the finest pro cession the city ever witnessed, com posed of the military, G. A. R., fire de partment, civic societies and citizens, headed by the ninth infantry band. The graves at the National cemetery were decorated. Johnstown's Anniversary. Johnstown, Pa., May 30.—Business was suspended today, this being the an niversary of Johnstown's great flood calamity, as well as Decoration day. The finding of the body of James M. Rosen steel, one of the most prominent resi dents of the place, at the expiration of the year, is a vivid reminder of the flood. At Cincinnati. Cincinnati, May 30.—Memorial day was observed here in the usual way. Business was generally suspended. SANTA FE SURVEYORS. A Route to be Surveyed From Mojave to San Francisco. The Needles, May 30.—A party of Santa Fe engineers passed through here today on their way to Mojave, the ter minus of the Atlantic and Pacific road. They have orders to lay out a route for 400 miles of road, which is interpreted to mean a line to San Francisco.