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LOS ANGELES HERALD.
THE HERALD Stands for the Interests of Southern California. subscribe" FOR. IT. VOL. XXXV.—NO. 48. VAPID VERBIAGE. President Harrison's Annual Message. What It Lacks in Strength is Made Up in Length. A Great Deal of Boasting About the Administration's Doings. The Usual Buncombe for Farmers on the Tariff Subject—Old Sophistries in New Clothes. Associated Press Dispatches. Washington, Dec. I. —Following is the president's message read at the opening of congress today : The Senate and House of Representatives: The reports oi the several ricuuiiu departments which will be laid before congress in the usual course will exhibit in detail the operations of the govern ment for the last fiscal year. Only the more important incidents and results, and chiefly such as may be the founda tion of the recommendations I shall sub mit, will be referred to in this annual message. The vast and increasing business of the government has been transacted by the several departments during the year with faithfulness, energy and success. The revenues, amounting to about $450, --000,000, have been collected and dis bursed without revealing, so far as I can ascertain, a single case of defalca tion or embezzlement. An earnest effoit has been made to stimulate a sense of responsibility and public duty in all the officers and employees of every grade, md the work done by them has almost wholly escaped unfavorable criticism. I speak on these matters with freedom, because the credit of this good work is not mine, but is shared by the heads of the seyeral departments with the great body of faithful officers and employees who serve under them. The closest scrutiny of congress is invited to all the methods of administration, ardto every item of expenditure. Friendly Foreign Kela ions. The friendly relations of Dur country with the nations of Europe and of the East have been undisturbed, while the ties of good will and common interest that bind us to the states of the western hemisphere have been notably strength ened by the conference held in this cap ital to consider measures for the general welfare. Pursuant to the invitation authorized by congress, the represent atives of every independent state of the American continent and of Hayti, met in conference in this capital in October, 1889, and continued in session until tha 19th of April. This important convoca tion makes a most interesting and con tinental epoch in the history of the western hemisphere. It is noteworthy that Brazil, invited under an imperial form of government, shared as a repub lic in the deliberations and results of the conference. The recommendations of this conference were all transmitted to congress at the last session. The International Maritime congress which sat in Washington last winter reached a very gratifying result. The recommend ations suggested by it have been brought to the attention of all the governments represented, and their general adoption is confidently expected. The legislation of congress at the last session is in conformity with the propo sition of the conference, and the procla mation provided therein will be issued when the other powers have given notice of adhesion. The Congo State. The conference at Brussels to devise means for suppressing the slave trade in Africa afforded an opportunity for a new expression of the interest the American people feel in that work. It soon be came evident that the measure proposed would tax the resources of the Congo basin beyond the revenues available under the general act of Berlin in 1884. The United States, not being a party to that act, could not share in its revision, but by a separate act the independent state of the Congo was freed from the restrictions upon its customs revenue. Tho demoralizing and destructive traffic in ardent spirits among the tribes also claimed the earnest attention of the conference, and the delegates of the United States were foremost in advocat ing measures for its repression. An ac cord was reached, the influence of which will be very helpful and extend over a wide region. As soon as these meas ures shall receive the sanc tion of the Netherlands, for a time withheld, the general acts will be submitted for ratification by the senate. Meanwhile negotiations "have been opened for a new and complete treaty of friendship, commerce and nav igation between the United States and the independent state of Congo. The Recognition of Brazil. Toward the end of the past year the only independent imperial government on the western continent, that of Brazil, ceased to exist, and was succeeded by a republic. Diplomatic relations were at once established with the new govern ment, but it was not completely recog nized until an opportunity had been af forded to ascertain tnat it had popular approval and support. When the course of events had yielded the assurance of this fact, no time was lost in extend ing to tho new government a full and cordial welcome into the family of American commonwealths. It is con fidently believed that the good relations of the two nations will be preserved, and that the future will witness an in creased intimacy of intercourse and an expansion of their mutual commerce. The Central American Unpleasantness. The peace of Central America has again been disturbed through a revolu tionary change in Salvador, which was not recognized by the other states, and hostilities broke out between Salvador and Guatemala, threatening to involve all Central America in conflict, and undo the progress which has been made toward a union of their interests. The efforts of this government were promptly and zealously exerted to compose their difference, and through the active ef forts of the representative of the United States a provisional treaty of peace was signed August 20th, whereby the right of the republic of Salvador to choose its own rulers was recognized. General Ezeta, the chief of the provisional gov ernment, has since been confirmed in the presidency by the assembly, and diplomatic recognition duly followed. The Barrundia Atl'alr. The killing of General Barrundia on board the Pacific mail steamer Aca pulco, while anchored in transit in the port of San Jose de Guatemala, de manded careful inquiry. Having failed in a revolutionary attempt to invade Guatemala from Mexican territory, General Barrundia took passage at. Aca pulco for Panama. The consent of the representatives of the United States was sought to effect his seizure, Srst st Cbamperic, where the steamer touched, and afterward at San Jose. The cap tain of the steamer refused to give up his passenger without a written order from the United States minister. The latter forwarded the desired letter, stipulating as the condition of his action, that General Barrundia's life should be spared, and that he should be tried for offences growing out of his insurrection movements. This letter was produced to the captain of the Acapulco by the military commander at Han Jose, as his warrant to take the passenger from the steamer. Barrundia resisted capture, and was killed. It being evident that the minister, Mr. Mizner, had exceeded the bounds of his authurity in intervening in compliance with the demands of the Guatemalan authorities, to grant authority to effect (in violation of precedent) the seizure on a vessel of the United States of a pas senger in transit, charged with political offenses, in order that he might be tried for such offenses under what was de scribed as martial law, this government was constrained to disavow Mr. Mizner's act, and recall him from his post. The Nicaragua Canal. The Nicaragua canal project, under the control of our citizens, is making most encouraging progress, all the pre liminary conditions and initial opera tions having been accomplished within the prescribed time. During the past year negotiations have been received for the settlement of the claims of American citizens against the government of Chili, principally growing out of the late war with Peru. The reports from our minister at Santiago warrant the expectation of an early and satisfactory adjustment. Our Relations with China. Our relations with China, which have for several years occupied so important a place in our diplomatic history, have called for careful consideration, and have been the subject of much corre spondence. The communications of the Chinese minister have brought into view the whole subject of our conven tional relations with his country; and at the same time this government, through its legation at Pekin, sought to arrange various matters and complaints touch ing the interests and protection of our citizens ill China. In pursuance of the concurrent resolution of October 1, 1800, I have proposed to the governments of Mexico and Great Britain to consider a conventional regulation of the passage of Chinese laborers across our southern and northern frontiers. On the 22d day of August last Sir Ed mund Munson, the arbitrator, selected under the provisions of the treaty of De cember (I, 1888, rendered an award to the effect that no compensation was due from the Danish government to the United States, on account of what is commonly known as the Cailos Butter field claim. Our relations with the French continue cordial. Our representative at that court has very diligently urged the re moval of the restrictions imposed upon our meat product, and it is believed that progress has been made toward a just settlement. Samoan Affairs. The Samoan treaty last year at Ber lin, by representatives of the United States, Germany and Great Britain, after due ratification and exchange, has begun to produce salutary effects. The formation of the government agreed up on will soon replace the disorder of the past by a stable administration, alike just to the natives and equally to the three powers most concerned in trade and intercourse with the Samoan islands. The chief justice has been chosen by the king of Sweden and Nor way on the invitation of the three pow ers, and will be installed. The land i commission and the muni cipal council are in process of organization. A rational and evenly distributed scheme of taxation, both municipal and upon imports, is in op eration. Malietoa is respected as king. The new treaty of extradition with Great Britain, after due ratification, was proclaimed on the 25th of last March. Its beneficent working is already appar ent. The Bering Sea Question. The difference between the two gov ernments touching the fur seal question in the Bering sea is not yet adjusted, as will be seen by the correspondence which will soon be laid before congress. The offer to submit the question to arbi tration, as proposed by her maj esty's government, has not been accepted, for the reason that the form of submission proposed is not thought to be calculated to assure a conclusion satisfactory to either party. It is sincerely hoped that before the opening of another season some arrange ment will be effected which will assure to the United States a property right, derived from business, which was not disregarded by anynation for more than eighty years preceding the outbreak of the existing trouble. A Wrong Done Hawaii. In the tariff act a wrong was done to the kingdom of Hawaii, which I am bound to presume was wholly uninten tional. Duties were levied on certain commodities which are included in the reciprocity treaty now existing between the United States and the kingdom of Hawaii, without indicating the neces sary exception in favor of that kingdom. TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 2, 1890. I hope congress will repair what might otherwise seem to be a breach of faith on the part of this government. Hayti an Claims. An award in favor of the United States in the matter of the claim of Mrs. Van Bokkelen, against Hayti, was rendered on the 4th of December, 1888, but owing to the disorders then and afterwards prevailing in Hayti, tho terms of pay ment were not observed. A new agree ment as to the time of payment has been approved and is now in force. Other juet claims of citizens of the United States for redress of wrongs suf- • fered during the late political conflict in Hayti, will, it is hoped, speedily yield to friendly treatment. Propositions for the amendment of the treaty of extradition between the ! United States and Italy are now under consideration. Proposed International Conferences. You will be asked to provide the | means of accepting the invitation of the Italian government to take part in an j approaching conference to consider the adoption of an universal prime meridian from which to reckon longitude and time. As this proposal follows in the j track oi the reform sought lo be initiated , by the meridian conference at Washing- , ton, held on the invitation of this gov- j eminent, the United States should man- > iffcst a friendly interest in the Italian proposal. In this connection, I may re far with approval to the suggestion of my predecessors, that standing pro visions be made for accepting, when ever deemed the fre quent invitations of foreign governments to share in a conference, looking to the advancement of international reforms in regard to science, sanitation, commer- i cial laws and procedure and other mat ters affecting the intercourse and pro gress of modern communities. The Delagoa Bay Affair. In the summer of 1889 an accident oc curred, which for some time threatened to interrupt the cordiality of our rela- j tions with the government of Portugal. That government seized the Delagoaßay railway, which was constructed under a concession granted to an American citi zen, and at the same time annulled j the charter. The concessionary, who had j embarked his fortune in the enterprise, having exhausted other means of re- j dress, was compelled to invoke the pro- j tection of his government. Our repre- ' sentations, made coincidentally with j those of Great Britain, whose subjects ] were also largely interested, happily resulted in the recogniti n by Portugal 1 of the propriety of submitting the claim j for indemnity, growing out of its action, to arbitration. This plan of settlement having been agreed on, the interested 1 powers readily concurred in the , pro posal to submit the case to the judgment of three eminent jurists to be designat ed by the president of the Swiss republic, who, upon the joint invitation of the governments of the United States, Great. Britain and Portugal, has selected per sons well qualified for the task before them. The Treaty With Japan. The revision of our treaty relations with the empire of Japan has continued to be a subject of consideration and of correspondence. The questions in volved are both grave and deli cate, and while it will be my duty to see that the interests of the United States are not by any changes exposed to undue discrimination, I sin cerely hope that such revision as will satisfy the legitimate expectations of the Japanese government and maintain the present and long-existing friendly relations between Japan and the United States, will be effected. Friendship with Mexico. The friendship between our country and Mexico, born or close neighboring, and strengthened by many considera tions of intimate intercourse and recip rocal interests, has never been more congenious than now, nor more hopeful for increased benefit to both nations. The intercourse of the two countries by rail is already great, and is making con stant growth. The established lines and those recently projected, add to the inti macy of traffic, and open new channels of access to fresh areas of demand and supply. The importance of the Mexican railway system will be further enhanced to a degree almost impossible to forecast, if it should become a link in the projected intercontinental railway. I recommend that our mission to the City of Mexico be raised to the first class. Cordial Relations with Spain. The cordial character of our relations with Spain warrants the hope by the continuance of methods of friendly ne gotiations, that much may be accom plished in the direction of an adjust ment of the pending questions and in crease of our trade. The extent and de velopment of our trade with the islands of Cuba invest the commercial relations of the United States and Spain with a peculiar importance. It is not doubted that a special arrangement in regard to com merce, based upon the reciprocity pro vision of the recent tariff act, would operate most beneficially for both gov ernments. This subject is now receiving attention. Ericsson's Remains. The restoration of the remains of John Ericsson to Sweden afforded a gratifying occasion to honor the memory of the great inventor to whose genius our country owes so much, and to bear wit ness to the unbroken friendship which has existed between the land which bore him and our own, which claimed him as a citizen. Venezuelan Claims.; On the 2d of September last, the com mission appointed to revise the pro ceedings under the claims convention between the United States and Vene zuela, of 18t>6, brought its labors to a close within the period fixed for that purpose. The proceedings of the late commission were characterized by a spirit of impartiality and a high sense of justice, and the incident, which was for many years the Bubject of discussion between the two governments, has been disposed of in a manner alike honorable and satisfactory to both parties. For the settlement of the claim of the Vene zuelan Steam Transportation company, which was the subject of a joint resolu tion, adopted at the last session of con gress, negotiations are still in progress, and their early conclusion is anticipated. The Consular Service. The legislation of the past few years hag evidenced oa the part of congress a growing realization of the importance of the consular service in fostering the do mestic revenues. As the scope of its op erations expand, increased provision must be made to keep up the essential standard of efficiency. The necessity of some adequate measure of supervision and inspection has been so often pre sented that I need only commend the subject to your attention. The Nation's Finances. The revenues of the government from all sources for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1890, were $463,903,080.55, and the total expenditure for the same period were $358,618,584.52. The postal receipts have not heretofore been in cluded in the statement of these aggre gates, and for the purpose of compari son, the sum of $60,882,097.92 should be deducted from both sides of the ac count. The surplus for the year, includ ing Jie amount applied to" the sinking fund, was $105,344,496.03. The receipts for 1890 were $16,030,923.79, and the ex penditures, $157,398.71, in excess of ! those of 1889. The customs receipts from internal revenue were $11,725, --; 191.89, whileon the sideof expenditures, j that lor pensions was $19,312,075.96, in j excess of the preceding ye#r. : The treasury Miu.i.eijjcut for the eur j rent fiscal year, partly actual and partly j estimated, is as follows: Receipts from j all sources, $406,000,000; total expend! --| tures, $354,000,000 ; leaving a surplus of ; $52,000,000, not taking the postal re j eelpt.s into account on either side. The loss of revenue from customs for j the last quarter was $25,000,000, but I from this must be deducted a gain of about $16,000,000 realized during the ] first four months of the year. For the year 1890 the local estimated receipts are $373,000,000, and the esti- I mated expenditures $387,952,209.42, j leaving an estimated surplus of $15,147, --1 790.58, which with a cash balance of $52,000,000 at the beginning of the year, will give $07,147,790.58 as the sum avail able for the redemption of outstanding bonds or other uses. The estimates of receipts and expendi tures for the postoffice department, being equal, are not included in this statement jon either side. i Silver Left-illation. The act directing the purchasing of silver bullion and tbe issue of treasury notes thereon, approved July 14, 18SX), has been administered by the secretary of the treasury, with an earnest purpose to get into circulation at the earliest pos sible dates the full monthly amount of treasury notes contemplated by its provisions, and at the same time to give to the market for silver bullion such support as the law contemplates. The recent depreciation in the price of silver hae been observed with regret. The rapid rise in price which was anticipated, and which fol lowed the passage of the act, was influ enced in some degree by speculation, and the reaction is part of the result of the same cause, and part of the recent i monetary disturbances. Lome months of further trial will be necessary to determine the permanent effect of the recent legislation on silver values, but it is gratifying to know that the increased circulation secured by the act has exerted and will continue to ex ert a most beneficial influence upon bus iness and upon general values. While it has been thought best to re new formally the suggestion of an inter national conference looking to an agree ment touching the full use of silver for coinage, at a uniform ratio, care has been taken to observe closely any change in the situation abroad, and no favorable opportunity will be lost to promote a result which it is confidently believed would confer very large benefits on the very large commerce of the world. The recent monetary disturbances in England are not unlikely to suggest a re-examination of the opinions upon this subject. Our very large sup ply of gold will, if not lost by impulsive legislation in the sup posed interest of silver, give us a posi tion of advantage in promoting a per manent and safe international agree ment for the free use of silver as a coin metal. Increased Volume of Money. The efforts of the secretary to increase the volume of money in circulation by keeping down the treasury surplus to the lowest practicable limit, have been unremit ting aud in a very high degree success ful. The tables presented by him, show ing the increase of money in circulation during tho last three decades, and especially the table showing the in crease during the nineteen months he has administered the affairs of the de partment, are interesting and instruc tive. The increase of money in circula tion during the nineteen months has been in the aggregate $03,886,814, or about $1.50 per capita, and of this in crease only $7,100,000 was due to the recent silver legislation. That this sub stantial and needed aid given to com merce has resulted in an enormous re duction of the public debt and of the annual interest charge, is a matter of increased satisfaction. There have been purchased and re deemed since March 4, 1889, 4 and 4M per cent bonds to the amount of $211, --832,450, at a cost of $246,620,741, result ing in the reduction of the annual in terest charge of $8,967,609, and a total saving of interest of $551,606. Internal Revenue, I notice with great pleasure the state ment of the secretary that the receipts from internal revenue have increased during the last fiscal year nearly $127, --000,000, and that the cost of collecting this large revenue was less by $90,617 than for the same purpose in the pre ceding year. The percentage of the cost of collect ing the customs revenue was less for the last fiscal year than ever before. Customs Administration. The customs administration board provided by the act of June 10, 1890, was selected with great care and is com posed in part oi men whose previous ex perience in the administration of the old customs regulations, had made them familiar with the evils to be remedied, and in part of men whose legal and judicial acquirements and experience seemed to fit them for the work of interpreting and applying the new statute. The chief aim "of the law is to secure honest valuations of all duti able merchandise, and to make these valuations uniform at all our ports of entry. It has been made manifest by congressional investigation that a sys tem of under valuation had been long in use by certain classes of importers, re suiting not only in a great loss in reve nue, but in a most intolerable discrimi nation against honesty. It is not seen how this legislation, when it is under stood, can be regarded by the citizens of any country having commercial deal ings with us, as unfriendly, and if a duty is supposed to be excessive, let complaint be lodged and it will surely be remedied. It will not be claimed by any well disposed people that a remedy may be sought and allowed in a system of quasi-smuggling. Army Improvements. The report of the secretary of war ex hibits several gratifying results attained during the year by wise and unostenta tious methods. The per centage of de sertions from the array (an evil for which both congress and the department have long been seeking a remedy) has been reduced during the past year 24 per cent., and for the months of August and Sep tember, during which time the favorable effects of the act of June 16th were felt, 4 per cent., as compared with the same period of 1889. The results attained by a reorganization and consolidation of the division having charge of the liob pital service and records of volunteer soldiers, are very remarkable. This change was effected in July, 1889. and at that time there were 40,064 cases await ing attention, more than half of these being calls from Ihe pension office for information necessary to the adjudica tion of pension clainaß. On the 30th day of June last, though over three hundred thousand new calls had come in, there was not a single case that had not been examined and entered. I concur in the recommendations of the secretary that adequate and regular appropriations be continued for coast defense works. Ordnance plans have been practically agreed upon, and there can be no good reason for delaying the execution of them. While the* defense lessness of our seaports furnishes an urgent reason for wise expedition., the encouragement that has been extended to the militia of the states, generally ap propriately designated the national guard, should be continued and en larged. These military organizations constitute in a sense the army of the United States, while about live-sixths of the annual cost of their maintenance is defrayed by the states. Department of Justice. The report of the attorney-general is under the law submitted to congress, hut as the department of justice is one of the executive departments, some refer ence to the work done is appropriate. A vigorous effort has been made to bring to trial and punishment all violators of the law, but at the same time care has been taken that frivolous and technical of fenses should not be used to swell the coffers of the officers or harass well-dis posed citizens. Especial attention is called to the prosecution of violations of the election laws, and of offenses against United States officers. The number of convic tions secured, very many of them upon OVERCOATS IN FULL SWING. ~J"N SPITE of the fact that the weather continues warm, our sales on Overcoats are away ahead of last year. One reason is, that our stock this season seemed to be ex actly what was wanted. Very few persons have entered our establishment in quest of an Overcoat without making a purchase. Right and popular prices of course had some thing to do with it. If you have not yet made your pur chase, take our advice and buy now while the assortment is yet complete. We have a fine line of Cape Overcoats; also Boj's' and Children's. Cor. Spring and Temple Streets* A YEARK- Buys the Daily Hp.ra i.d and *2 the Weekly Hkrald. IT IS NEWSY AND CLEAN. FIVE CENTS. pleas of guilty, will, it is hoped, have a salutary restraining influence. There have been several cases where postmasters appointed by me have been subjected to violent interference in the discharge of their official duties, and to persecutions and personal violence of the most extreme character. Some of these cases have been dealt with through the department of justice, and in some cases the postoffices have been suspend ed or abolished. I have directed the postmaster general to pursue this course in all cases where other efforts failed to secure for any postmaster, not himself in fault, an opportunity to peacefully exercise the duties of his office, but such action will not supplant the efforts of the department of justice to bring the particular offenders to punishment. Fraudulent Naturalization. The vacation, by judicial decrees, of fraudulent certificates of naturalization, upon bills in equity by the attorney general in the circuit court of the United States, is a new application of a familiar equity of jurisdiction. Nearly one hun dred such cases have been taken during the year, the evidence disclosing that a very large number of fraudulent certifi cates of naturalization have been issued; and in this connection I beg to renew my recommendation that the laws be so amended as to require a more full and searching inquiry to all the facts neces sary to naturalization, before any certifi cates are granted. It certainly irtiot too much to require that an application for American citizenship shall be heard with as much care and recorded with as much formality as are given cases in volving the pettiest property rights. At the last session I returned without my approval a bill entitled: "An act to prohibit book making and pool-Belling m the District of Columbia," and stated my objection to be that it did not pro hibit, but in fact licensed what it pur ported to prohibit. Efforts will be made under the existing laws to suppress this evil, though it is not sure that they will be found adequate.. The Postal Service. The report of the Postmaster-General shows the most gratifying progress in' the work committed to his direction. The business methods have been greatly improved; a large economy in ex penditures, and an increase of four and three - quarter millions in receipts have been realized. The de ficiency for the year is $5,783,300 aa against $6,350,183 last year, notwith standing the great enlargement of the service. Mail routes have been ex tended and quickened, and greater accu racy and dispatch in distribution and delivery have been gained. The report will be found full of interesting sug gestions, not only to congress, but to those thoughtful citizens who may be interested to know what business method can be found in that depart ment of public administration which most nearly touches all our people. The passage of the act to amend cer [Continued on second page.