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EDUCATIONAL. Los Angeles Splendidly Equipped with Institutions of Learning;. The County School* and .Their Scope. Statistics and Official Fignres Show - ing the Efficiency of the System. The following table indicates the yearly growth of the schools in this county during the past ten years. It will show an apparent falling off of at tendance during the years 1888-89 and 1889-90. This difference is only appar ent, because it is due to the creation of Orange county in 1889 out of Los Ange les county, which took from the latter 31 school districts, 72 teachers, 4095 children between 5 and 17 years of age, and 1523 children under 5 years, lie ducting these figures from those of 1888-89, and comparing the remainder with the statistics of 1889-90, it is found that while there has been the very small loss of 310 children between 5 and 17 years, and of 298 under 5 years of age, there has been an increase of 120 in the average daily attendance, of 30 in the number of teachers, and a marked in crease in the number of normal gradu ates employed: Total valuation of school j property Valuation of school appa- i ratus j ~ ~ I t-X c. t-5 oioi t~S iO «oioo:i02tc*:H- Valuation of school libra- 555r55SVr>22- rles | grt^HS«S«»iSi I rn 00 ifO t- WO O O -!0 si o Valuation of lots, build- ! tt*H?.*^5^.« 0 r e i ings and school funuV SgSgSgSf 33 ture oioi oo oo ■» to i- o ei oo I t- C 00 u"0 lO 3*. I- © Average amount per tench- — o to oso m er from state Mid county §tgfcgg$S5SS fund gx'itxt^t-r-t-xcs Kate of county school tax on the $100 OO iito Hx-tcsss Total amount received from state and county fund Amount received from county school fund. rH OO C5 35 —lOltOCOC-O xco'ixt-t-ooini- 3 x to — ov o es ■* to" ~- © to co' oo oo oo •* Amount received from stute school fund 011> — -f X — 00 tO 1.0 H © 9 Hf •* CO t> OS to t* <r. tooi o A3) A cs"-- x O.OOOH oi in-* oi «*- — r- rH in rH rH 01 0* o oooooooo Per cent, of total number SO ooocssr-uooolit- ic rH 01 OH 01 oi h# -» H» L~ 10 to. of teachers who are graduates of state nor- w ShSSh mal schools ooo z> ooooo Average No. of months 2222 22222 school was maintained... ZJ^xxxxix I 01 -H ■# 00 if! 00 O O rH R&i Female fcc-t^t-t^P* 8c— sv oi tfo Feet? ,1 cs cso: ||| Male . 1 I vi-iojoooio: 14 gti I Female 18 £ I n£Lmo\ XOOOl-.OiO-iolXLO |2 SI Male SKS«»8Pc.KKK H° I W ■* OO i(0 00 O fl — r-t»l-l~l»l»r-l»r-X ts I OSOOOO O ; Gain, per cent. : -ht»nier. m -h ob . : -t — iq oo oo oi t« IS : I rH 01 — rH rH h oo 01 , is 35 es -h oo -i a t- lo -0t-XIS--30.- Average daily attendance S^S^-^S^-lrS -I* x> -h • w Percent, enrolled oi total | 23?jI2j.2j.3lji No. between 5 and 17.... 22SS52*2oh I SO l'l-t-l-l-l-X» ,3fc; 01 r 89 01 US j> a Total No children enroll'd cox3x~3xU~o in the public schools .... toV"eeeiV<oi-*c5oies j io io oo to jj 3: e; X >H No. pupils in primary | SSSolsixlsS- schools j iss>tCft«©* Olr-OOlClOO-HfOOl No. pupils in grammar -losoLOKtcfi: schools HrtrtHHWeisieici No. pupils in high school.. I oo:oes:o Gain, per cent -iei-i.-3iooxc: . No. of children under 5 I -Vn x-h K © —-« x o years of age I »'wjVt":-; i ®© = 2 = 2° • Gain, per cent uicf.inci —-jto No. census children be- | iSrjrioioomoii-n tween 5 and 17 y'rsof age 5—N-* in to esl>i>m' | rH rH rH - H rH rH 01 01 01 | : ifOHoi-*rHineioo:i I eir- r. o <* ,o> o so oi oo . 1-i-i-ir.o.o-io:; I HHHH I -itio: -fur: tot-x ~ o or. x OC x H or. X s. x n School year i x x x x x x £ x x 55 X X X X X X T X X X The High school and Normal school afford opportunities of extensive educa tional work. The latter is magnificently equipped and affords all the means of turning out good teachers, having in connection with it a training school made up of several ot the city schools which affords practical work to the scholars in pedagogy. The High school is placed in a fine building and gives a good finishing course to graduates of the grammar schools. City Schools. The following interesting facts anent the city schools are taken from the re port of the city board of education. The payment of the teachers can be judged from the following statement of the number of teachers receiving differ ' ent salaries: One teacher at $105. 1 teacher at $150, 11 teachers at $135, 2 teachers at $130, 2 teachers at $125, 2 teachers at $120, 17 teachers at $115, ,'1 teachers at $105, 2 teachers at $100, 2 teachers at $95, 51 teachers at $90, 30 teachers at $85, 25 teachers at $80, 14 teachers at $75, 7 teachers at $70, 8 teachers at $50, all per school month for nine months. The average yearly salary is $823.05, and the monthly salary $91.52. The financial report of the clerk of the board shows the following satisfac tory figures: 1889. RF.CEIFTK. July I. Balance. » 38,995 03 Sept. 3. Apportionment, city .... 3,021 10 Oct 10. Apportionment, city 5,003 til Oct. 12. Apportionment, state.... 1H.4H000 Oct. 14. Apportionment, city 0,821 82 Oct. 18. Apportionment, city 4,872 73 Oct. 28. Apportionment, city 0.090 91 Nov 0 Apportionment, city 14,018 18 Nov. 26. Apportionment, city 14,618 18 Jan. 189. Apportionment, county.. 48,509 00 Mer.2s. Apportionment, city 4,872 73 THE LOS ANGELES HERALD, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1891. CITY SCHOOL BUILDINGS. NAME OF PRINCIPALS AND 2. % S I a ■*'. LOCATION. o M o SCHOOL. TEACHERS IN CHAROE. ST i [ : I 1 [umboldt st. wain st [ hestnut st —, [ellman richard st — ares st riftin ave — astelar it.... ale st | and st tlpiue ■ emple st. . i rafton it..... iboldt and Cypress streets. n street and North GTiftln avenue tnut street near Pasadena avo man street near Downey ave jaid and Flora streets — s street near Hawkins street In ave. near Darwiu street ilarand College streets street near College street street near Oastelor street ne and Ocean View streets ... pie street near Edgeware road ton street north of Temple streot 0 and Temple streets rado and West First streets ido street near West First street . ». idry street near West Scond street 1 street near West Fourth street i street and O and ave. ig street near Sixth street th street and Grand ave h s reet near Vernon street ■enth street near Hill street nteenth and Georgia Bell streets raw.. * ! i V 1884 1800 1888 188(1 1-<»>i 1800 188a 1882 .... con 10 11 ' Miss Helen E. Hunt!!" wrs. C. O. Du Bols Miss Vesta A. Olrnstoad Miss Cora 8 Slack Miss Rose H.Hardenberg Mrs. Grace P. Clarke .. Mr. J B. MUlariL Miss Dora H. 11 road we'1 unt :" . i 1872 1800 1880 1888 1800 1890 18W 1882 ia 1 ta 1 14 asco st i lvarado st.... ollado st , eaudry St. . j earl st ormal j pring st j ighth st enth st ixtcenth st... '.. Scott., jore iordon.. 1884 1877 1888 1800 1888 1888 1888 1890 ts , ; rtieth st...)' Pedro st.. ' inton ave. .11 ;nia st. . H th st ] ey st |i elia st . i. illroad St.. ] tieth street near Slain street •'edrc street near Washington street titon ave. near East Washington street — Seventh and Lemon streets Ninth street and Stanford ave y street near East First street 11a street near Lazard street. •oad street near Main street and Magdalena streets I street and Brooklyn ave well and Grant aves 1 and New York streets First and Savannah streets id and East Second streets ;lar street near Sand street V> . Li. AUIUS s. M. A. White a P. nger — yrlck arphy... an st :ysi 1 :iwell ave ( s< Addle C. Murray, ss Kate McCarthy . . M Mario E. Murdock. ss Ellz'th k. Packard ii st I: t st I it! ..* H lid st 1 h School... ( ; I * Includes $1000 ns value of old school building now on the lot. Mar. 20. Apportionment, state— 70,176 50 June 4. Apportionment, county 5,704 00 Miscellaneous 330 10 Total $251,773 92 EXPENDITURES. Teachers' salaries $137,802 00 Janitors'salaries • . T.OTS »•> Library gjg °X Apparatus _ ?bb l» Sites (Casco and Temple streets). 2,400 OO Buildings (extras on buildings ,„,„„ erected out bond fund) 8.219 06 Furniture for schools 522 10 Furniture for boardrooms 1.360 34 Repairs (laoor and materials) 7,13 it 98 Water closets. }i 387 t>9 Retaining walls 1 »oS» 18 Grading 0,9 15 Printing »vO o7 Supplies (stationery, etc O,OOS> 98 Insurance f»2S2 22 Fuel 1.528 07 Rents'::.:./: 1 »52255 Census ... »/0 OO Tuition for 21 scholar? in Fruitland district , 210 OO Contingents l,'-> 9 30 Total $183,14b 68 July 1, 1890, oalanee 08,627 24 $251,77J 92 The following excerpts from the an nual address of President W. E. Pome roy, will serve to show the features of the development of the city schools: "The past year has been oneof marked advance in all departments of our school work. The generous voting by cur citi zens during the year of $200,000 of bonds for school purposes has given the board the means to provide large additional accommodations lor our school children. We earnestly hope that the half-day school shall'be a thing of the past. A large number of eligible sites have been purchased, and fourteen new and com modious schoolhouses have been built, or are in process of completion. During vacation additions will be made to four others, thereby doubling their accommodations. The marked ira* provements in plans and in- | terior arrangements of the new i school houses, and their good and sub stantial construction will commend it self to all. The new high school build- i Ing now in course of construction is also j a building that will be a credit to our beautiful city, and will compare most favorably with any in the state. "It is expected that the new buildings } and additions will accommodate 3500 I children, and when the schools open j October 6. 1800, it will be on full-day time. We hope to have ready for use | 170 school rooms, with a corps of 170 teachers, and expect over 7000 children to be in attendance. "The wonderful increase in value of our city school property can be appreci ated when it is known "that a fair valua tion of its lands, buildings and furniture, including those ordered and provided for by funds on hand, will exceed the sum "of $700,000. « * * "The school attendance has been con stantly increasing. The average enroll ment this year over last is 480, and the average increase in regular attendance is almost in the same ratio. Our school census marshal reported 10.807 children between the ages of 5 and 17 years, and 4728 under 5 years of age." From the superintendent's report the following is quoted: "At the opening of the schools Sep tember 21, 1885, there were enrolled 3510 pupils, taught by 72 teachers. Of these teachers 32 are yet in the depart ment. "There were at that time seven double sessions, that is two schools taught by one teacher, showing that the department lacked seven school rooms and teachers in order to accommodate all children properly. The number of schools increased during these five years much more rapidly than accommodations could be supplied, so that during the last school year there were enrolled 0,053 pupils, taught by 100 teachers. "More than half of these pupils could attend school but half of each day, be cause of a lack of accommodations. Dur ing the past year, however, there have been added to the department by the enlatgement of old buildings and the erection of new ones, sixty-four school rooms, exclusive of the High school. These new buildings are all well located as to territory, and most of them as to their immediate surroundings. All the rooms are well lighted, heated, and ventilated; and are fitted with the best modern school furniture." THE HIGH SCHOOL. i "The city has never had a distinctive j high school building. The school has been but poorly accommodated in other I school houses; sometimes in rented rooms, often on half-day time. The quality of instruction, though, has been kept up to the best, and graduates are now admitted to the state university freshman class without examination. "Among the other improvements of the past year is the erection of a new btickhigh school building, four stories in height, with basement, containing about twenty-five rooms, including gym nasium, lunch rooms, library, labora tory, auditorium, etc. "The buildintr is well and centrally located, and will soon be completed and occupied. "The thorough instruction and the prospect of these new and commodious quarters have increased the attendance of the high school to 300 pupils—a gain of almost 100 over any other enrollment. "These improvements give rooms enough for all pupils to attend school on full day time; yet the population in some places has so shifted as to cause a few rooms to remVin unoccupied in the suburbs, and a few schools in the center of the city to remain on half-day time. The following table shows the statis tics regarding children in the city daring the past decade: 5iS <0 ° ° P o 2. 9 •2i-5.3?s; 3&??;3. §§§5ir; Isifi Sifts! Mil I: *s; Eg: ii§§ei Cr3 = £. = ' io."". i»3.- n^sS?;- g.~- o gB SB: frS : : S: II; !!•:** h\ |& io t: — x 7 u r. to to x o- ~ * ;2 if x x to b © x ■-■to to "toe: «i to to if <l xO-- © s X CCIO — iO — »-tOX U — Si as 5 — if xss-4 x a: 3D to lS WH 10 — X 0: 05 SS »U O o; o: a o: en -) o c to to if © *-« to If CCCl -i CS C 01 w X Qti 69 t; t: — t: M p*- to w o: -i i; -J — -J. c x on to — to o *- to g - 2 I Mfi o I ss to v a x j c I x X it- 10 to If <- cc ss iobssssss — o -I x 8 — :. '"V' 13,; -4 #.1-4 9 1 r c .* ss *- 0' - CO ~1 SS S; Si -1 CD to o *» "si -a to -i M X -1 toci ci CnCN Cn 9 as * #> Siif C if toci oi C*V "o 9 a. * *• Ssif S. if Vl — © woa to -OO © X OD *- X -1 OS 5 5 to to u 00 oyo x OC CD <1 lOKJM •«* OC SS -) —o; CI i- o: i. io ;o «i :;<»o o> ss co i tcS 5 SS CC SS 03 CO X -q -o w ss x to to to O 1010— xto p*-x "_ oc:<f *.w>tcoi Oi — OlO — Xffl ts c ©Vi— b> x ?.x-3 te to t-cso-' i- »3 SCHEDULE OF SALARIES FOR 1890-91. "Teachers of the second and third grades, $70 to -180 per school month. "In all other grades, teachers of the third-class $80. Teachers of second-class $So. Teachers of the first-class $90 to $100. (Teachers are graded as to ability and success into three classes.) Principals of four-room schools ffl 15 Principals of eight-room schools 135 Principals of High school 150 Teachers in High school 1115 to 135 Dr-iwing teacher 105 Kindergarten teachers $50 to 80 Janitors, per room, per month 5 j Night school 50 "Length of school year, nine months, from October Ist to the last of June. "All applicants for positions as teach ers must appear in person. "Written applications are not con sidered by the board until after personal application is made. "Twenty-five to fifty teachers required annually to fill vacancies and supply new schools." The supply of 6trictly first-class teachers is not always equal to the de mand. "At the opening of the last school year, October, 1889, the school build inga used were as follows: School-rooms. 2 one-room buildings 2 3 two-room buildings tt 13 four-room buildings 52 3 eight-room buildings 24 1 twelve-room building 12 Itented buildings 7 Temporary buildings .. 6 State normal training school 3 22 Buildings Total, 112 At the opening of the schools this year the buildings used will be as follows: No. Rooms 1 one-room building 1 5 two-room buildings 10 18 four-room buildings 72 8 eight-room buildings til 1 twelve-room building 12 State normal training School 3 1 High School 16 34 Buildings Total, 178 "[Gain in seating capacity over last year in grammar and primary depart ments, 2400.J "One one-room building on Pear! street and one two-room building on East Seventh street, together with seven rented rooms and five temporary buildings of one room each, will be dis carded, greatly to the health and com fort of the children. POPULATION*. "A study of the population of the city is interesting. The United States cen t-us of 1880 gave the population of the city as 11,183; while the school census of the same year was 3202, showing that about 30 per cent, of the population was then of school age. "The federal census of 1800 gives us 50,394 people, while those of school age are only 10,807, or about 20 per cent. This apparent tailing off in school pop ulation is owing to the fact that many adult unmarried people and many mar ried men who leave their families in the east reside here. KINDERGARTENS. "The city charter authorizes the board of education to establish kindergarten schools for children between the ages of five and six years. Last year three such schools were opened as an experiment. The results were satisfactory, and this year seven are in operation. "There being no question about the value of such schools and the training there given to children, it is hoped that more of them will be provided as fast as the funds of the department will justify. GENERAL STATISTICS. Population of the city (U. S. census 1800) 50,394 Number of youth in the city, between 5 and 17 jears, 1889 10,786 Number of youth tnthecitv, between 5 and 17 years, 1890 10,867 Increase for the year 81 Total enrollment for the year ending June. 1889 8,128 Total enrollment for the year ending June, 199", (including 135 in Kin dergarten schools 8,4'i3 Increase for the year i>9s Per cent, of enrollment on census number, 1889 75.3 Ter cent of enrollment on census number, 1890 77.5 Per cent, of attendance, 1890 . . 94 Total number of tardy marks, 1859... 8,508 Total number of tardy marks, IS9O. . 6,655 Decrease for the year (with larger en rollment) 1,853 Total value of school property, 1990. $897,6»7 City tax levy for schools, 1889 1340 City tax levy for schools, 1890 1076 Decrease for the year 0264 OTHER INSTITUTIONS OF LEARNING. The University of Southern California lends its name to a beautiful suburb of the city, on its southwestern limits. This institution is conducted under the auspices of the Methodist church, and has made a wonderful growth. Its main colleges are located as above stated, but tributary colleges are placed at San Fer nando, San Diego, Ontario and Del .Mar. The parent corporation as well as the branches are well endowed. Other schools of a high order are the Los Angeles college, a non sectarian but evangelical institution for young women ; St. Vincents college, presided over by Roman Catholic instructors, but nota bly liberal in its policy ; the Los Angele3 university, a Baptist institution, and Harvard academj*, a private school for young men, which makes a feature of military discipline. CHURCHES. Los Angeles is distinctively a city of churches; a general statement showing that about all denominations, creeds, and fai'hs are represented in societies and edifices, as follows: Protestant, Episcopal, Baptist, Methodist Episco pal, Presbyterian, Congregational, Roman Catholic, Christian, Unitarian, English Lutheran, German Lutheran, Swedish Lutheran, United Presbyterian, German Methodist, Southern Method ist, Holiness Band, Latter Day Saints, Swedish Methodists, Swedish Baptists, Seventh Day Adventists, Free Method ists, Hebrew and the Salvation Army. WAGES. Paid for Various Kinds VI of Labor. *As a rule labor, skilled and unskilled, is well paid in Los Angeles. At present there is a great scarcity of good house servants, cooks and general housework girls. The following rates give a fair idea of wages paid: Housekeepers, per month $25 00 to 40 00 Girls, house servants, prmnth. 15 00 to 30 00 Cooks, men aud women, " ~ 20 00 to 100 00 Laborers, per day 150 to 250 Carpenters, " " 250 to 350 Brick mas us, " 300 to 500 Plasterers, per day 3<o to 4-50 Lathers, " " 300 to 450 Painters, " " 250 to 350 Harness makers, per clay 300 to 400 Tinners and plumbers, per day. 300 to 450 Clerks, store, per week... 8 00 to 25 00 Book-keepers, per month 50 00 to 125 00 Clerks, office, per month 35 00 to 100 00 Farm hands, per month and boart 25 00 to 40 00 Bakers, per month and board. 30 00 to 80 00 Butchers, per month and boa'd 30 00 to 80 00 Paper hangers, per day 300 to 400 Job printers, per week 20 00 News compositors, per M 50 Book compositors, per M 45 Evening compositors, per M... 45 Book binders, per day 250 to 300 LUMBER. The Prices Ruling for the Different Kinds. The lumber supply of Los Angeles is obtained from the Redwood region and Oregon, and the quality is excellent. Prices rule about as follows: Rough Oregon pine or redwood, $25 per m.; rough clear Oregon pine or red wood, $37.50 per M.; flooring, Oregon pine, $37.50 per M.; ditto second quality, $32.50 per M.; surfaced redwood and pine, $37.50 per M.; rustic, $37.50 perM.; siding, first quality, $37.50 per M.; ditto second quality, $32.50 per M. Pickets rough, $25: "ditto, surfaced, $37.50. Laths, four feet, $5 perM.; six feet, $10; eight feet, $13. Shingles, four bundles to M., $3. 1 A five-room square house, timber, hard finished, will cost about $800. Same house built of common board, and cloth-lined, will cost $200 less. The finest burned brick cost $6 per M. THE SHERIFF. He Did a Good Business During the Past Year. The sheriff's books show that during the year his business was as follows: •m'.nT, IBOV jary, 1890 ruary oh ! 11 I mt ember >ber ember HOW IT PAYS. The Results of Southern California ' Fruit Culture. A Number of Well-Authenticated State ments from Frult-Grnwers In Differ ent Parts of the County. There have been an endless number of statements published relative to the profits of fruit culture in Southern Cali fornia. The Los Angeles chamber of commerce has in a "bulletin," published November 1, 1890, given a number of authentic statements of profits from various branches of fruit culture, which can be relied upon. The "bulletin" very properly states that attention should be called to the fact that a large amount of the land mentioned produces two differ ent crops a year, and some of it three. The statements are as follows: PEACHES. Ernest Dewey, Pomona—Golden cling peaches, 10 acres, 7 years old, produced 47 tons green; sold dried for $4800; cost of production, $243.70; net profit, $4550.30. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigat ed. Amount of rain, 28 inches, winter of 1889-90. H. H. Rose, Santa Anita Township, three-quarters of a mile from Lamanda Park—2 6-7 acres; produced 47,543 pounds; sold for $863.46; cost of pro duction, $104; net profit, $759.46. Soil, light sandy loam; not irrigated. Pro duced in 1889 12,000 pounds, which sold at $1.70 per 100 pounds. E. It. Thompson, Azusa, two miles south of depot—2 1-6 acres, 233 frees, produced 57,656 pounds; sold for $5«4.82!.j; cost of production, $140; net profit, $724.82jjj. Soil, sandy loam; ir rigated three times in summer, 1 inch to 7 acres. Trees 7 years old, not more than two-thirds grown. P. O'Connor, Downey —20 trees, pro duced 4000 pounds ; sold for $60 ; cost of production, $5; net profit, $55. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated. Crop sold on the ground. H. Hood, Downey City, W mile from depot— 1 4 acre produced 7 1 .> tons; sold j for $150; cost oi production, $10; net profit, $140. Damp sandy soil; not ir rigated. F. D. Smith, between Azusa and | Glendora, 1 miles from depot—l acre I produced 14,361 pounds; sold for $252.81; cost of production, $20; net profit, $232.51. Dark sandy loam; irri gated once. Trees 5 and 6 years old. P. O. Johnson, Ranehito*—l7 trees 10 years old, produced tons; sold 44 tons for $120; cost of production, $10; net profit, $110; very little irri gation. Sales were l .*c per pound un der market rate. PRfNES. E. P. Naylor, S miles from Pomona— 15 acres, produced 149 tons; sold for j $7450; cost of production, $527; net j profit, $6923. Soil, loam, with gome i sand; irrigated, 1 inch per 10 acres. W. H. Baker, Downey, }- a mile from | depot—la acres. produced 12,52;) pounds: sold for $551.00; cost of pro duction, $50: net profit, $501.90. Soil, sandy loam, not irrigated. Howe Bios., 2 miles from Lordsburg— . 800 trees, which had received no cure for 2 years, produced 28 tons; sold for $1400; cost of production, $200; net profit, $1200. Soil, gravelly loam, red ; partially irrigated. Messrs. Howe state that they came in possession of this place in March, 1890. The weeds were as high as the trees and the ground was very hard. Only about 500 of the trees had a fair crop on them. W. A. Spaulding. Azusa — ' j acre pro duced 10,404 pounds; s<.ld for $156.06; cost of production, $10; net profit, $146.06. Soil, sandy loam. E. A. Hubbard. Pomona, lf£ mile from depot—4>n acres, produced 24 tons; sold green for $1080; cost of production, $280; net profit, $800. Soil, dark sandy loam; irrigated. This eneiro ranch of 9 acres was bought in 1884 for $1575. F. M.Smith, 114 miles east of Azusa —3-5 of an acre, produced 17,174 pounds; sold for $315.84; cost of production, $25 ; net profit, $290. Soil, deep dark sandy loam ; irrigated once in the spring. Trees 5 years old. George Khorer, one-half mile east of North Pomona —13 acres, pro duced 88 tons; sold for $4400 on the trees; cost of production, $260; net profit, $4140. Soil, gravelly loam; irri gated, 1 inch to 8 acres. Trees planted tive years ago last spring. J. S. Flory, between the big and little Tejunga rivers— l} 4 acres, or 135 trees 20 feet apart each way; 100 of the trees four years old, the balance of the trees five years old; produced 5230 pounds dried; sold for $523; cost of production, $18; net profit, $505. Soil, light loam, with some sand; not irrigated. \V. Caruthers, 2 miles north of Dow ney—J4' acres, produced 5 tons; sold for $222; cost of production, $7.50; net profit, $215. Soil, sandy loam; not irri gated. Trees 4 years old. James Loney, Pomona —2 acres; prod uct sold for $1150; cost of production, $60; net profit, $1100. Soil, sandy loam. I. W. Lord, Eswena—s acres, produced 40 tons ; sold for $2000; cost of produc tion, $300; net profit, $1700. Soil, sandy loam. ORANGES. Joachim F. Jarchow, San Gabriel — 2 ><,'acres; product sold for $1650; cost of production, $100, including cultivation of 7)4 acres not in bearing; net profit, $1650. F. D. Smith, Azusa—6K acres, pro duced 600 boxes, sold for $1200; cost of production, $130; net profit, $1070. Soil, dark Bandy loam; irrigated three times. Trees 4 years old. George Lightfoot, South Pasadena— '•>% acres, produced 700 boxes; sold for $1100; cost of production, $50; net profit , $1050. Soil, rich sandy loam; irrigated once a year. H. Hood, Downey— % acre, produced 275 boxes; sold for $275"; cost o£ produc • tion, $25; net profit. $250. Soil, damp, sandy; not irrigated. W. G. Earle, Azusa—l acre, produced 210 boxes; sold for $262; cost of produc tion, $15; net profit, $247. Soil, sandy loam; irrigated four times. GRAPES. William Bernhard, Monte Vista—Ten acres, produced 25 tons; sold for $750; cost of production, $70; net profit, $680. Soil, heavy loam ; not irrigated. Vines five years old. Dillon, lfcennealy & McClure, Bur bank, one mile from Roscoe station— 200 acres, produced 90,000 gallons wine; cost of production, $5000; net profit, about $30,000. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated; vineyard in healthy condition. P. O'Connor, two and one-half miles south of Downey —12 acres, pro duced 100 tons; sold for $1500; cost of production, $360; net profit, $1140. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated. Vines planted in 1884, when the land would not sell for $100 per acre. J. K. Banks, one and three-quarters miles from Downey—4o acres, pro duced 250 tons; sold for $3900; cost of production, $1300; net profit, $2000. Soil, sandy loam. BBKKIKH. W. Y. Earle, 2% miles from Azusa— Strawberries, 2% acres, produced 16,000 boxes; sold for $760; cost of production, $226; net profit, $525. Soil, sandy loam; irrigated. Shipped 8000 boxes to Ogden, Utah, and 0000 boxes to Albuquerque and El Paso. Benj. Norris, Pomona—Blackberries, U acre, produced 2500 pounds; sold for $100; cost of production, $5: net profit,. $05. Soil, light sandy; irrigated. S. H. Eye, Covina—Raspberries, 5-9 of an acre, produced 1800 pounds; sold for $195; cost of production, $86; net profit, $110, Soil, sandy loam; irri gated. J. O. Houser. Covina—Blackberries, % acre, produced 048 pounds; sold for $71.28; cost of production, $18; net profit, $53.28. Soil, sandy loam; irri gated. First year's crop. A TRICOTS. T. D. Leslie, one mile from Pomona— 1 acre, produced 10 tons; sold for $260; cost of production, $60; net profit, $190. Soil, loose gravelly; irrigated ; 1 inch to 10 acres. First crop. Geo. Lightfoot, South Pasadena—2 acres, produced 11 tons; sold for $260; cost of production, $20; net profit, $240. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated. T. D. Smith, Azusa—l acre, produced 13,566 pounds; sold for $169.44; cost of production, $25; net profit, $144.44. Soil, sandy loam; irrigated once. Trees 5 years old. W. Y. Earle, 2.. miles from Azusa—6 acres, produced 6 tons; sold for $350; cost of production, $25; net profit, $326. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated. Trees 3 years old. W. A. Spalding, Azusa—33s trees, pro duced 15,478 pounds; sold for $647.43; cost of production, $50; net profit, $597.43. Soil, sandy loam. Mrs. Winkler, Pomona—9o trees; pro duct sold for $381; cost of production, $28.40; net profit, $352.60. Soil, sandy loam. MISCELLANEOUS FRUITS. E. A. Bonine, Lamanda Park—Apri cots, nectarines, prunes, peaches and lemons, 30 acres, produced 160 tons; sold.. for $8000; cost of production, $1500; net profit, $6500. No irrigation. J. P. Fleming, one and one-half miles from Rivera, Walnuts, 40 acres, pro duced 12 1 .. tons ; sold for 12120; cost of production, $120; net profit, $2000. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated. George Lightfoot, South Pasadena— Lemons, 2 acres ; produced 600 boxes; sold for $720; cost of production, $20; net profit, $700. Soil, nehjsandy loam; not irrigated; trees 10 years old. W. A. Spalding, Azusa—Nectarines, 196 trees, produced 10,378 pounds; sold for $242.22; cost of production, $35; net profit, $207.22. Soil, sandy loam. F. D. Smith, Azusa—Nectarines, 1 2-5 acres, produced 36,350 pounds; sold for $3(13.50; cost of production, $35; net profit, $318.50. Soil, deep dark sandy loam ; irrigated once in spring. Trees 5 and'ti yearß old. C. D. Ambrose, four miles north of Pomona—Pears, 3 acres produced 36,442 pounds ; sold green for $1092.66; cost of production, $57; net profit, $1036.66. Soil, foothill loam; partly irrigated. N. Hayden—Statement of amount of fruit taken from 4 acres for one season ,at Vernon district: 985 boxes oranges, :15 boxes lemons, 8000 pounds apricots, 22<)U pounds peaches, 200 pounds loquats, 2500 pounds nectarines, 4000 pounds ap ples, 1000 pounds plums, 1000 pounds prunes, 1000 pounds figs, 150 pounds walnuts, 500 pounds pears. Proceeds, $1650. A family of live were supplied with all fruit they wanted besides the above. POTATOES. O. Bullia, Compton—2B?i acres, pro duced 3000 sacks; sold for $3000; cost of production, $500; net profit, $2500. Soil, peat; not irrigated. Ihis land has been in potatoes three years, and will be sown to cabbages, thus producing two crops this year. P.F. Cogswell, El Monte—2s acres, produced 160 tons; sold for $3400; cost of production, $450; net profit, $2950. Soil, sediment; not irrigated. M. Metcalf, Ei Monte—B acres, pro duced 64 tons; sold for $900; cost of pro duction, $50; net profit, $850. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated. Jacob Vernon, IW.' miles from Covina —3 acres, produced4oo sacks; sold for $405.88; cost of production, $5; net profit, $400.88. Soil, sandy loam; irri gated 1 acre; two-thirds "of crop was volunteer. H. Hood, Downey—Sweet potatoes, 1 acre, produced 300 sacks; sold for $300; cost of production, $30; net profit, $270. Soil, sandy loam ; not irrigated. C. C. Stub, Savannah, 1 mile from depot—lo acres, produced 1000 sacks; sold for $2000; cost of production, $100; net profit, $1900. Soil, sandy loam; ir rigated. A grain crop was raised on the same land this year. ONIONS. F. A. Atwater and C. P. Eldridge, Clearwater —1 acre, produced 211 sacks; sold for $211 ; cost of production, $100; net profit, $111. Soil, sandy loam; no irrigation. At present prices the onions would have brought $633. Charles Lauber, Downey—l acre, pro duced 113 sacks; sold for $642; cost of production, $50; net profit, $592. No attention was paid to the cultivation of this crop. Soil, sandy loam; not irri gated. At present prices the same on ions would have brought $803. MISCELLANEOUS VEGETABLES. Eugene Lassene, University—Pump kins, 5 acres, produced 150 loads; sold for $4 per load; cost of production, $3 per acre; net profit, $585. Soil, sandy loam. A crop of barley was raised from the same land this year. P. K. Wood, Clearwater—Peanuts, 3 acres, produced 5000 pounds; sold for $250; cost of production, $40; net profit, $210. Soil, light sandy; not irrigated; planted too deep, and got about one third crop. Oliver E. Roberts, Terrace farm Ca huenga valley—3 acres tomatoes ;sold pro duct for $461.75. >.< acre green peppers; sold for $54,30. \}4 acres green peas; sold product for $220. 17 fig trees; first crop sold for $40. Total product of h% acres, $776.85. The same "bulletin" also publishes the following list of fruits, nuts, vegeta bles and grains that are produced at a profit in Los Angeles county: Oranges, lemons, limes,figs, pomegranates,citron, pomalo, apples, pears, apricots, quinces, plums, prunes, persimmons, olives, gua vas, loquats, nectarines,bananas, grapes, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, currants, cherries, gooseberries, mulber ries, chestnuts, walnuts, almonds, pea nuts, pecans, peas, beans, cabbages, potatoes, tomatoes, beets, sugar beets, turnips, onions, lettuce, celery, cauli flower, sweet potatoes, carrots, pump kins, squash, radish, okra, wheat, corn, barley, rye, oats, all kinds of garden vegetables. Alfalfa produces six or seven crops of hay per year. Flowers of all kinds grow in a profu sion and luxuriance known nowhere else in the United States.