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Los Angeles herald. [volume] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1890-1893, January 01, 1891, New Year's Edition, 1891, Image 10

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10
EDUCATIONAL.
Los Angeles Splendidly Equipped
with Institutions of Learning;.
The County School* and .Their Scope.
Statistics and Official Fignres Show -
ing the Efficiency of the System.
The following table indicates the
yearly growth of the schools in this
county during the past ten years. It
will show an apparent falling off of at
tendance during the years 1888-89 and
1889-90. This difference is only appar
ent, because it is due to the creation of
Orange county in 1889 out of Los Ange
les county, which took from the latter
31 school districts, 72 teachers, 4095
children between 5 and 17 years of age,
and 1523 children under 5 years, lie
ducting these figures from those of
1888-89, and comparing the remainder
with the statistics of 1889-90, it is
found that while there has been the very
small loss of 310 children between 5 and
17 years, and of 298 under 5 years of age,
there has been an increase of 120 in the
average daily attendance, of 30 in the
number of teachers, and a marked in
crease in the number of normal gradu
ates employed:
Total valuation of school j
property
Valuation of school appa- i
ratus j
~ ~ I t-X c. t-5 oioi t~S iO
«oioo:i02tc*:H-
Valuation of school libra- 555r55SVr>22-
rles | grt^HS«S«»iSi
I rn 00 ifO t- WO O O -!0 si o
Valuation of lots, build- ! tt*H?.*^5^.« 0 r e i
ings and school funuV SgSgSgSf 33
ture oioi oo oo ■» to i- o ei oo
I t- C 00 u"0 lO 3*. I- ©
Average amount per tench- — o to oso m
er from state Mid county §tgfcgg$S5SS
fund gx'itxt^t-r-t-xcs
Kate of county school tax
on the $100
OO
iito
Hx-tcsss
Total amount received
from state and county
fund
Amount received from
county school fund.
rH OO C5 35 —lOltOCOC-O
xco'ixt-t-ooini- 3
x to — ov o es ■*
to" ~- © to co'
oo oo oo •*
Amount received from
stute school fund
011> — -f X — 00 tO 1.0 H
© 9 Hf •* CO t> OS to t*
<r. tooi o A3) A cs"--
x O.OOOH oi in-* oi
«*- — r- rH in rH rH 01 0*
o oooooooo
Per cent, of total number SO ooocssr-uooolit-
ic
rH 01 OH 01 oi h# -» H» L~ 10
to. of teachers who are
graduates of state nor- w ShSSh
mal schools
ooo z> ooooo
Average No. of months 2222 22222
school was maintained... ZJ^xxxxix
I 01 -H ■# 00 if! 00 O O rH
R&i Female fcc-t^t-t^P*
8c— sv oi tfo Feet? ,1 cs cso:
||| Male
. 1 I vi-iojoooio:
14 gti I Female
18 £ I
n£Lmo\ XOOOl-.OiO-iolXLO
|2 SI Male SKS«»8Pc.KKK
H° I
W ■* OO i(0 00 O fl —
r-t»l-l~l»l»r-l»r-X
ts
I OSOOOO O ;
Gain, per cent. : -ht»nier. m -h ob .
: -t — iq oo oo oi t« IS :
I rH 01 — rH rH h oo 01
, is 35 es -h oo -i a t- lo
-0t-XIS--30.-
Average daily attendance S^S^-^S^-lrS
-I* x> -h • w
Percent, enrolled oi total | 23?jI2j.2j.3lji
No. between 5 and 17.... 22SS52*2oh
I SO l'l-t-l-l-l-X»
,3fc; 01 r 89 01 US j> a
Total No children enroll'd cox3x~3xU~o
in the public schools .... toV"eeeiV<oi-*c5oies
j io io oo to jj 3: e; X >H
No. pupils in primary | SSSolsixlsS-
schools j iss>tCft«©*
Olr-OOlClOO-HfOOl
No. pupils in grammar -losoLOKtcfi:
schools HrtrtHHWeisieici
No. pupils in high school..
I oo:oes:o
Gain, per cent -iei-i.-3iooxc: .
No. of children under 5 I -Vn x-h K © —-« x o
years of age I »'wjVt":-;
i ®© = 2 = 2° •
Gain, per cent uicf.inci —-jto
No. census children be- | iSrjrioioomoii-n
tween 5 and 17 y'rsof age 5—N-* in to esl>i>m'
| rH rH rH - H rH rH 01 01 01
| : ifOHoi-*rHineioo:i
I eir- r. o <* ,o> o so oi oo
. 1-i-i-ir.o.o-io:;
I HHHH
I -itio: -fur: tot-x ~ o
or. x OC x H or. X s. x n
School year i x x x x x x £ x x 55
X X X X X X T X X X
The High school and Normal school
afford opportunities of extensive educa
tional work. The latter is magnificently
equipped and affords all the means of
turning out good teachers, having in
connection with it a training school
made up of several ot the city schools
which affords practical work to the
scholars in pedagogy.
The High school is placed in a fine
building and gives a good finishing
course to graduates of the grammar
schools.
City Schools.
The following interesting facts anent
the city schools are taken from the re
port of the city board of education.
The payment of the teachers can be
judged from the following statement of
the number of teachers receiving differ
' ent salaries:
One teacher at $105. 1 teacher at $150,
11 teachers at $135, 2 teachers at $130, 2
teachers at $125, 2 teachers at $120, 17
teachers at $115, ,'1 teachers at $105, 2
teachers at $100, 2 teachers at $95, 51
teachers at $90, 30 teachers at $85, 25
teachers at $80, 14 teachers at $75, 7
teachers at $70, 8 teachers at $50, all per
school month for nine months.
The average yearly salary is $823.05,
and the monthly salary $91.52.
The financial report of the clerk of
the board shows the following satisfac
tory figures:
1889. RF.CEIFTK.
July I. Balance. » 38,995 03
Sept. 3. Apportionment, city .... 3,021 10
Oct 10. Apportionment, city 5,003 til
Oct. 12. Apportionment, state.... 1H.4H000
Oct. 14. Apportionment, city 0,821 82
Oct. 18. Apportionment, city 4,872 73
Oct. 28. Apportionment, city 0.090 91
Nov 0 Apportionment, city 14,018 18
Nov. 26. Apportionment, city 14,618 18
Jan. 189. Apportionment, county.. 48,509 00
Mer.2s. Apportionment, city 4,872 73
THE LOS ANGELES HERALD, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1891.
CITY SCHOOL BUILDINGS.
NAME OF
PRINCIPALS AND
2.
% S
I
a
■*'.
LOCATION.
o
M
o
SCHOOL.
TEACHERS IN CHAROE.
ST
i [
: I
1
[umboldt st.
wain st [
hestnut st —,
[ellman
richard st —
ares st
riftin ave —
astelar it....
ale st |
and st
tlpiue ■
emple st. . i
rafton it.....
iboldt and Cypress streets.
n street and North GTiftln avenue
tnut street near Pasadena avo
man street near Downey ave
jaid and Flora streets —
s street near Hawkins street
In ave. near Darwiu street
ilarand College streets
street near College street
street near Oastelor street
ne and Ocean View streets ...
pie street near Edgeware road
ton street north of Temple streot
0 and Temple streets
rado and West First streets
ido street near West First street . ».
idry street near West Scond street
1 street near West Fourth street
i street and O and ave.
ig street near Sixth street
th street and Grand ave
h s reet near Vernon street
■enth street near Hill street
nteenth and Georgia Bell streets
raw..
* !
i
V
1884
1800
1888
188(1
1-<»>i
1800
188a
1882
....
con
10
11 '
Miss Helen E. Hunt!!"
wrs. C. O. Du Bols
Miss Vesta A. Olrnstoad
Miss Cora 8 Slack
Miss Rose H.Hardenberg
Mrs. Grace P. Clarke ..
Mr. J B. MUlariL
Miss Dora H. 11 road we'1
unt
:" .
i
1872
1800
1880
1888
1800
1890
18W
1882
ia 1
ta 1
14
asco st i
lvarado st....
ollado st ,
eaudry St. . j
earl st
ormal j
pring st j
ighth st
enth st
ixtcenth st...
'.. Scott.,
jore
iordon..
1884
1877
1888
1800
1888
1888
1888
1890
ts
, ;
rtieth st...)'
Pedro st.. '
inton ave. .11
;nia st. . H
th st ]
ey st |i
elia st . i.
illroad St.. ]
tieth street near Slain street
•'edrc street near Washington street
titon ave. near East Washington street —
Seventh and Lemon streets
Ninth street and Stanford ave
y street near East First street
11a street near Lazard street.
•oad street near Main street
and Magdalena streets
I street and Brooklyn ave
well and Grant aves
1 and New York streets
First and Savannah streets
id and East Second streets
;lar street near Sand street
V> . Li. AUIUS
s. M. A. White
a P.
nger —
yrlck
arphy...
an st
:ysi 1
:iwell ave (
s< Addle C. Murray,
ss Kate McCarthy . .
M Mario E. Murdock.
ss Ellz'th k. Packard
ii st I:
t st I
it! ..* H
lid st 1
h School... (
; I
* Includes $1000 ns value of old school building now on the lot.
Mar. 20. Apportionment, state— 70,176 50
June 4. Apportionment, county 5,704 00
Miscellaneous 330 10
Total $251,773 92
EXPENDITURES.
Teachers' salaries $137,802 00
Janitors'salaries • . T.OTS »•>
Library gjg °X
Apparatus _ ?bb l»
Sites (Casco and Temple streets). 2,400 OO
Buildings (extras on buildings ,„,„„
erected out bond fund) 8.219 06
Furniture for schools 522 10
Furniture for boardrooms 1.360 34
Repairs (laoor and materials) 7,13 it 98
Water closets. }i 387 t>9
Retaining walls 1 »oS» 18
Grading 0,9 15
Printing »vO o7
Supplies (stationery, etc O,OOS> 98
Insurance f»2S2 22
Fuel 1.528 07
Rents'::.:./: 1 »52255
Census ... »/0 OO
Tuition for 21 scholar? in Fruitland
district , 210 OO
Contingents l,'-> 9 30
Total $183,14b 68
July 1, 1890, oalanee 08,627 24
$251,77J 92
The following excerpts from the an
nual address of President W. E. Pome
roy, will serve to show the features of
the development of the city schools:
"The past year has been oneof marked
advance in all departments of our school
work. The generous voting by cur citi
zens during the year of $200,000 of bonds
for school purposes has given the board
the means to provide large additional
accommodations lor our school children.
We earnestly hope that the half-day
school shall'be a thing of the past. A
large number of eligible sites have been
purchased, and fourteen new and com
modious schoolhouses have been built,
or are in process of completion. During
vacation additions will be made to four
others, thereby doubling their
accommodations. The marked ira*
provements in plans and in- |
terior arrangements of the new i
school houses, and their good and sub
stantial construction will commend it
self to all. The new high school build- i
Ing now in course of construction is also j
a building that will be a credit to our
beautiful city, and will compare most
favorably with any in the state.
"It is expected that the new buildings }
and additions will accommodate 3500 I
children, and when the schools open j
October 6. 1800, it will be on full-day
time. We hope to have ready for use |
170 school rooms, with a corps of 170
teachers, and expect over 7000 children
to be in attendance.
"The wonderful increase in value of
our city school property can be appreci
ated when it is known "that a fair valua
tion of its lands, buildings and furniture,
including those ordered and provided
for by funds on hand, will exceed the
sum "of $700,000. « * *
"The school attendance has been con
stantly increasing. The average enroll
ment this year over last is 480, and the
average increase in regular attendance
is almost in the same ratio. Our school
census marshal reported 10.807 children
between the ages of 5 and 17 years, and
4728 under 5 years of age."
From the superintendent's report the
following is quoted:
"At the opening of the schools Sep
tember 21, 1885, there were enrolled
3510 pupils, taught by 72 teachers. Of
these teachers 32 are yet in the depart
ment.
"There were at that time seven
double sessions, that is two schools
taught by one teacher, showing
that the department lacked seven
school rooms and teachers in order
to accommodate all children properly.
The number of schools increased during
these five years much more rapidly than
accommodations could be supplied, so
that during the last school year there
were enrolled 0,053 pupils, taught by
100 teachers.
"More than half of these pupils could
attend school but half of each day, be
cause of a lack of accommodations. Dur
ing the past year, however, there have
been added to the department by the
enlatgement of old buildings and the
erection of new ones, sixty-four school
rooms, exclusive of the High school.
These new buildings are all well located
as to territory, and most of them as to
their immediate surroundings. All the
rooms are well lighted, heated, and
ventilated; and are fitted with the best
modern school furniture."
THE HIGH SCHOOL.
i "The city has never had a distinctive
j high school building. The school has
been but poorly accommodated in other
I school houses; sometimes in rented
rooms, often on half-day time. The
quality of instruction, though, has been
kept up to the best, and graduates are
now admitted to the state university
freshman class without examination.
"Among the other improvements of
the past year is the erection of a new
btickhigh school building, four stories
in height, with basement, containing
about twenty-five rooms, including gym
nasium, lunch rooms, library, labora
tory, auditorium, etc.
"The buildintr is well and centrally
located, and will soon be completed and
occupied.
"The thorough instruction and the
prospect of these new and commodious
quarters have increased the attendance
of the high school to 300 pupils—a gain
of almost 100 over any other enrollment.
"These improvements give rooms
enough for all pupils to attend school on
full day time; yet the population in
some places has so shifted as to cause a
few rooms to remVin unoccupied in the
suburbs, and a few schools in the center
of the city to remain on half-day time.
The following table shows the statis
tics regarding children in the city daring
the past decade:
5iS <0 ° ° P o 2. 9
•2i-5.3?s; 3&??;3.
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Cr3 = £. = ' io."". i»3.- n^sS?;-
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»3
SCHEDULE OF SALARIES FOR 1890-91.
"Teachers of the second and third
grades, $70 to -180 per school month.
"In all other grades, teachers of the
third-class $80. Teachers of second-class
$So. Teachers of the first-class $90 to
$100. (Teachers are graded as to ability
and success into three classes.)
Principals of four-room schools ffl 15
Principals of eight-room schools 135
Principals of High school 150
Teachers in High school 1115 to 135
Dr-iwing teacher 105
Kindergarten teachers $50 to 80
Janitors, per room, per month 5 j
Night school 50
"Length of school year, nine months,
from October Ist to the last of June.
"All applicants for positions as teach
ers must appear in person.
"Written applications are not con
sidered by the board until after personal
application is made.
"Twenty-five to fifty teachers required
annually to fill vacancies and supply new
schools." The supply of 6trictly first-class
teachers is not always equal to the de
mand.
"At the opening of the last school
year, October, 1889, the school build
inga used were as follows:
School-rooms.
2 one-room buildings 2
3 two-room buildings tt
13 four-room buildings 52
3 eight-room buildings 24
1 twelve-room building 12
Itented buildings 7
Temporary buildings .. 6
State normal training school 3
22 Buildings Total, 112
At the opening of the schools this year
the buildings used will be as follows:
No. Rooms
1 one-room building 1
5 two-room buildings 10
18 four-room buildings 72
8 eight-room buildings til
1 twelve-room building 12
State normal training School 3
1 High School 16
34 Buildings Total, 178
"[Gain in seating capacity over last
year in grammar and primary depart
ments, 2400.J
"One one-room building on Pear!
street and one two-room building on
East Seventh street, together with
seven rented rooms and five temporary
buildings of one room each, will be dis
carded, greatly to the health and com
fort of the children.
POPULATION*.
"A study of the population of the city
is interesting. The United States cen
t-us of 1880 gave the population of the
city as 11,183; while the school census
of the same year was 3202, showing that
about 30 per cent, of the population
was then of school age.
"The federal census of 1800 gives us
50,394 people, while those of school age
are only 10,807, or about 20 per cent.
This apparent tailing off in school pop
ulation is owing to the fact that many
adult unmarried people and many mar
ried men who leave their families in the
east reside here.
KINDERGARTENS.
"The city charter authorizes the board
of education to establish kindergarten
schools for children between the ages of
five and six years. Last year three such
schools were opened as an experiment.
The results were satisfactory, and this
year seven are in operation.
"There being no question about the
value of such schools and the training
there given to children, it is hoped that
more of them will be provided as fast as
the funds of the department will justify.
GENERAL STATISTICS.
Population of the city (U. S. census
1800) 50,394
Number of youth in the city, between
5 and 17 jears, 1889 10,786
Number of youth tnthecitv, between
5 and 17 years, 1890 10,867
Increase for the year 81
Total enrollment for the year ending
June. 1889 8,128
Total enrollment for the year ending
June, 199", (including 135 in Kin
dergarten schools 8,4'i3
Increase for the year i>9s
Per cent, of enrollment on census
number, 1889 75.3
Ter cent of enrollment on census
number, 1890 77.5
Per cent, of attendance, 1890 . . 94
Total number of tardy marks, 1859... 8,508
Total number of tardy marks, IS9O. . 6,655
Decrease for the year (with larger en
rollment) 1,853
Total value of school property, 1990. $897,6»7
City tax levy for schools, 1889 1340
City tax levy for schools, 1890 1076
Decrease for the year 0264
OTHER INSTITUTIONS OF LEARNING.
The University of Southern California
lends its name to a beautiful suburb of
the city, on its southwestern limits.
This institution is conducted under the
auspices of the Methodist church, and
has made a wonderful growth. Its main
colleges are located as above stated, but
tributary colleges are placed at San Fer
nando, San Diego, Ontario and Del .Mar.
The parent corporation as well as the
branches are well endowed.
Other schools of a high order are the
Los Angeles college, a non sectarian but
evangelical institution for young women ;
St. Vincents college, presided over by
Roman Catholic instructors, but nota
bly liberal in its policy ; the Los Angele3
university, a Baptist institution, and
Harvard academj*, a private school for
young men, which makes a feature of
military discipline.
CHURCHES.
Los Angeles is distinctively a city of
churches; a general statement showing
that about all denominations, creeds,
and fai'hs are represented in societies
and edifices, as follows: Protestant,
Episcopal, Baptist, Methodist Episco
pal, Presbyterian, Congregational,
Roman Catholic, Christian, Unitarian,
English Lutheran, German Lutheran,
Swedish Lutheran, United Presbyterian,
German Methodist, Southern Method
ist, Holiness Band, Latter Day Saints,
Swedish Methodists, Swedish Baptists,
Seventh Day Adventists, Free Method
ists, Hebrew and the Salvation Army.
WAGES.
Paid for Various Kinds
VI of Labor.
*As a rule labor, skilled and unskilled,
is well paid in Los Angeles. At present
there is a great scarcity of good house
servants, cooks and general housework
girls. The following rates give a fair
idea of wages paid:
Housekeepers, per month $25 00 to 40 00
Girls, house servants, prmnth. 15 00 to 30 00
Cooks, men aud women, " ~ 20 00 to 100 00
Laborers, per day 150 to 250
Carpenters, " " 250 to 350
Brick mas us, " 300 to 500
Plasterers, per day 3<o to 4-50
Lathers, " " 300 to 450
Painters, " " 250 to 350
Harness makers, per clay 300 to 400
Tinners and plumbers, per day. 300 to 450
Clerks, store, per week... 8 00 to 25 00
Book-keepers, per month 50 00 to 125 00
Clerks, office, per month 35 00 to 100 00
Farm hands, per month and
boart 25 00 to 40 00
Bakers, per month and board. 30 00 to 80 00
Butchers, per month and boa'd 30 00 to 80 00
Paper hangers, per day 300 to 400
Job printers, per week 20 00
News compositors, per M 50
Book compositors, per M 45
Evening compositors, per M... 45
Book binders, per day 250 to 300
LUMBER.
The Prices Ruling for the Different
Kinds.
The lumber supply of Los Angeles is
obtained from the Redwood region and
Oregon, and the quality is excellent.
Prices rule about as follows:
Rough Oregon pine or redwood, $25
per m.; rough clear Oregon pine or red
wood, $37.50 per M.; flooring, Oregon
pine, $37.50 per M.; ditto second quality,
$32.50 per M.; surfaced redwood and
pine, $37.50 per M.; rustic, $37.50 perM.;
siding, first quality, $37.50 per M.; ditto
second quality, $32.50 per M. Pickets
rough, $25: "ditto, surfaced, $37.50.
Laths, four feet, $5 perM.; six feet, $10;
eight feet, $13. Shingles, four bundles
to M., $3. 1
A five-room square house, timber,
hard finished, will cost about $800.
Same house built of common board, and
cloth-lined, will cost $200 less.
The finest burned brick cost $6 per M.
THE SHERIFF.
He Did a Good Business During the
Past Year.
The sheriff's books show that during
the year his business was as follows:
•m'.nT, IBOV
jary, 1890
ruary
oh !
11
I
mt
ember
>ber
ember
HOW IT PAYS.
The Results of Southern California
' Fruit Culture.
A Number of Well-Authenticated State
ments from Frult-Grnwers In Differ
ent Parts of the County.
There have been an endless number of
statements published relative to the
profits of fruit culture in Southern Cali
fornia. The Los Angeles chamber of
commerce has in a "bulletin," published
November 1, 1890, given a number of
authentic statements of profits from
various branches of fruit culture, which
can be relied upon. The "bulletin" very
properly states that attention should be
called to the fact that a large amount of
the land mentioned produces two differ
ent crops a year, and some of it three.
The statements are as follows:
PEACHES.
Ernest Dewey, Pomona—Golden cling
peaches, 10 acres, 7 years old, produced
47 tons green; sold dried for $4800; cost
of production, $243.70; net profit,
$4550.30. Soil, sandy loam; not irrigat
ed. Amount of rain, 28 inches, winter
of 1889-90.
H. H. Rose, Santa Anita Township,
three-quarters of a mile from Lamanda
Park—2 6-7 acres; produced 47,543
pounds; sold for $863.46; cost of pro
duction, $104; net profit, $759.46. Soil,
light sandy loam; not irrigated. Pro
duced in 1889 12,000 pounds, which sold
at $1.70 per 100 pounds.
E. It. Thompson, Azusa, two miles
south of depot—2 1-6 acres, 233 frees,
produced 57,656 pounds; sold for
$5«4.82!.j; cost of production, $140; net
profit, $724.82jjj. Soil, sandy loam; ir
rigated three times in summer, 1 inch
to 7 acres. Trees 7 years old, not more
than two-thirds grown.
P. O'Connor, Downey —20 trees, pro
duced 4000 pounds ; sold for $60 ; cost of
production, $5; net profit, $55. Soil,
sandy loam; not irrigated. Crop sold on
the ground.
H. Hood, Downey City, W mile from
depot— 1 4 acre produced 7 1 .> tons; sold
j for $150; cost oi production, $10; net
profit, $140. Damp sandy soil; not ir
rigated.
F. D. Smith, between Azusa and
| Glendora, 1 miles from depot—l acre
I produced 14,361 pounds; sold for
$252.81; cost of production, $20; net
profit, $232.51. Dark sandy loam; irri
gated once. Trees 5 and 6 years old.
P. O. Johnson, Ranehito*—l7 trees 10
years old, produced tons; sold
44 tons for $120; cost of production,
$10; net profit, $110; very little irri
gation. Sales were l .*c per pound un
der market rate.
PRfNES.
E. P. Naylor, S miles from Pomona—
15 acres, produced 149 tons; sold for
j $7450; cost of production, $527; net
j profit, $6923. Soil, loam, with gome
i sand; irrigated, 1 inch per 10 acres.
W. H. Baker, Downey, }- a mile from
| depot—la acres. produced 12,52;)
pounds: sold for $551.00; cost of pro
duction, $50: net profit, $501.90. Soil,
sandy loam, not irrigated.
Howe Bios., 2 miles from Lordsburg— .
800 trees, which had received no cure
for 2 years, produced 28 tons; sold for
$1400; cost of production, $200; net
profit, $1200. Soil, gravelly loam, red ;
partially irrigated. Messrs. Howe state
that they came in possession of this
place in March, 1890. The weeds were
as high as the trees and the ground was
very hard. Only about 500 of the trees
had a fair crop on them.
W. A. Spaulding. Azusa — ' j acre pro
duced 10,404 pounds; s<.ld for $156.06;
cost of production, $10; net profit,
$146.06. Soil, sandy loam.
E. A. Hubbard. Pomona, lf£ mile
from depot—4>n acres, produced 24 tons;
sold green for $1080; cost of production,
$280; net profit, $800. Soil, dark sandy
loam; irrigated. This eneiro ranch of
9 acres was bought in 1884 for $1575.
F. M.Smith, 114 miles east of Azusa
—3-5 of an acre, produced 17,174 pounds;
sold for $315.84; cost of production, $25 ;
net profit, $290. Soil, deep dark sandy
loam ; irrigated once in the spring. Trees
5 years old.
George Khorer, one-half mile east
of North Pomona —13 acres, pro
duced 88 tons; sold for $4400 on the
trees; cost of production, $260; net
profit, $4140. Soil, gravelly loam; irri
gated, 1 inch to 8 acres. Trees planted
tive years ago last spring.
J. S. Flory, between the big
and little Tejunga rivers— l} 4 acres,
or 135 trees 20 feet apart each way; 100
of the trees four years old, the balance
of the trees five years old; produced
5230 pounds dried; sold for $523; cost
of production, $18; net profit, $505.
Soil, light loam, with some sand; not
irrigated.
\V. Caruthers, 2 miles north of Dow
ney—J4' acres, produced 5 tons; sold for
$222; cost of production, $7.50; net
profit, $215. Soil, sandy loam; not irri
gated. Trees 4 years old.
James Loney, Pomona —2 acres; prod
uct sold for $1150; cost of production,
$60; net profit, $1100. Soil, sandy loam.
I. W. Lord, Eswena—s acres, produced
40 tons ; sold for $2000; cost of produc
tion, $300; net profit, $1700. Soil, sandy
loam.
ORANGES.
Joachim F. Jarchow, San Gabriel —
2 ><,'acres; product sold for $1650; cost of
production, $100, including cultivation
of 7)4 acres not in bearing; net profit,
$1650.
F. D. Smith, Azusa—6K acres, pro
duced 600 boxes, sold for $1200; cost of
production, $130; net profit, $1070.
Soil, dark Bandy loam; irrigated three
times. Trees 4 years old.
George Lightfoot, South Pasadena—
'•>% acres, produced 700 boxes; sold for
$1100; cost of production, $50; net profit ,
$1050. Soil, rich sandy loam; irrigated
once a year.
H. Hood, Downey— % acre, produced
275 boxes; sold for $275"; cost o£ produc
• tion, $25; net profit. $250. Soil, damp,
sandy; not irrigated.
W. G. Earle, Azusa—l acre, produced
210 boxes; sold for $262; cost of produc
tion, $15; net profit, $247. Soil, sandy
loam; irrigated four times.
GRAPES.
William Bernhard, Monte Vista—Ten
acres, produced 25 tons; sold for $750;
cost of production, $70; net profit, $680.
Soil, heavy loam ; not irrigated. Vines
five years old.
Dillon, lfcennealy & McClure, Bur
bank, one mile from Roscoe station—
200 acres, produced 90,000 gallons wine;
cost of production, $5000; net profit,
about $30,000. Soil, sandy loam; not
irrigated; vineyard in healthy condition.
P. O'Connor, two and one-half miles
south of Downey —12 acres, pro
duced 100 tons; sold for $1500; cost of
production, $360; net profit, $1140. Soil,
sandy loam; not irrigated. Vines
planted in 1884, when the land would
not sell for $100 per acre.
J. K. Banks, one and three-quarters
miles from Downey—4o acres, pro
duced 250 tons; sold for $3900; cost of
production, $1300; net profit, $2000.
Soil, sandy loam.
BBKKIKH.
W. Y. Earle, 2% miles from Azusa—
Strawberries, 2% acres, produced 16,000
boxes; sold for $760; cost of production,
$226; net profit, $525. Soil, sandy loam;
irrigated. Shipped 8000 boxes to Ogden,
Utah, and 0000 boxes to Albuquerque
and El Paso.
Benj. Norris, Pomona—Blackberries,
U acre, produced 2500 pounds; sold for
$100; cost of production, $5: net profit,.
$05. Soil, light sandy; irrigated.
S. H. Eye, Covina—Raspberries, 5-9
of an acre, produced 1800 pounds; sold
for $195; cost of production, $86; net
profit, $110, Soil, sandy loam; irri
gated.
J. O. Houser. Covina—Blackberries,
% acre, produced 048 pounds; sold for
$71.28; cost of production, $18; net
profit, $53.28. Soil, sandy loam; irri
gated. First year's crop.
A TRICOTS.
T. D. Leslie, one mile from Pomona—
1 acre, produced 10 tons; sold for $260;
cost of production, $60; net profit, $190.
Soil, loose gravelly; irrigated ; 1 inch to
10 acres. First crop.
Geo. Lightfoot, South Pasadena—2
acres, produced 11 tons; sold for $260;
cost of production, $20; net profit, $240.
Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated.
T. D. Smith, Azusa—l acre, produced
13,566 pounds; sold for $169.44; cost of
production, $25; net profit, $144.44.
Soil, sandy loam; irrigated once. Trees
5 years old.
W. Y. Earle, 2.. miles from Azusa—6
acres, produced 6 tons; sold for $350;
cost of production, $25; net profit, $326.
Soil, sandy loam; not irrigated. Trees 3
years old.
W. A. Spalding, Azusa—33s trees, pro
duced 15,478 pounds; sold for $647.43;
cost of production, $50; net profit,
$597.43. Soil, sandy loam.
Mrs. Winkler, Pomona—9o trees; pro
duct sold for $381; cost of production,
$28.40; net profit, $352.60. Soil, sandy
loam.
MISCELLANEOUS FRUITS.
E. A. Bonine, Lamanda Park—Apri
cots, nectarines, prunes, peaches and
lemons, 30 acres, produced 160 tons; sold..
for $8000; cost of production, $1500; net
profit, $6500. No irrigation.
J. P. Fleming, one and one-half miles
from Rivera, Walnuts, 40 acres, pro
duced 12 1 .. tons ; sold for 12120; cost of
production, $120; net profit, $2000. Soil,
sandy loam; not irrigated.
George Lightfoot, South Pasadena—
Lemons, 2 acres ; produced 600 boxes;
sold for $720; cost of production, $20;
net profit, $700. Soil, nehjsandy loam;
not irrigated; trees 10 years old.
W. A. Spalding, Azusa—Nectarines,
196 trees, produced 10,378 pounds; sold
for $242.22; cost of production, $35; net
profit, $207.22. Soil, sandy loam.
F. D. Smith, Azusa—Nectarines, 1 2-5
acres, produced 36,350 pounds; sold for
$3(13.50; cost of production, $35; net
profit, $318.50. Soil, deep dark sandy
loam ; irrigated once in spring. Trees 5
and'ti yearß old.
C. D. Ambrose, four miles north of
Pomona—Pears, 3 acres produced 36,442
pounds ; sold green for $1092.66; cost of
production, $57; net profit, $1036.66.
Soil, foothill loam; partly irrigated.
N. Hayden—Statement of amount of
fruit taken from 4 acres for one season
,at Vernon district: 985 boxes oranges,
:15 boxes lemons, 8000 pounds apricots,
22<)U pounds peaches, 200 pounds loquats,
2500 pounds nectarines, 4000 pounds ap
ples, 1000 pounds plums, 1000 pounds
prunes, 1000 pounds figs, 150 pounds
walnuts, 500 pounds pears. Proceeds,
$1650. A family of live were supplied
with all fruit they wanted besides the
above.
POTATOES.
O. Bullia, Compton—2B?i acres, pro
duced 3000 sacks; sold for $3000; cost of
production, $500; net profit, $2500. Soil,
peat; not irrigated. Ihis land has been
in potatoes three years, and will be sown
to cabbages, thus producing two crops
this year.
P.F. Cogswell, El Monte—2s acres,
produced 160 tons; sold for $3400; cost
of production, $450; net profit, $2950.
Soil, sediment; not irrigated.
M. Metcalf, Ei Monte—B acres, pro
duced 64 tons; sold for $900; cost of pro
duction, $50; net profit, $850. Soil,
sandy loam; not irrigated.
Jacob Vernon, IW.' miles from Covina
—3 acres, produced4oo sacks; sold for
$405.88; cost of production, $5; net
profit, $400.88. Soil, sandy loam; irri
gated 1 acre; two-thirds "of crop was
volunteer.
H. Hood, Downey—Sweet potatoes, 1
acre, produced 300 sacks; sold for $300;
cost of production, $30; net profit, $270.
Soil, sandy loam ; not irrigated.
C. C. Stub, Savannah, 1 mile from
depot—lo acres, produced 1000 sacks;
sold for $2000; cost of production, $100;
net profit, $1900. Soil, sandy loam; ir
rigated. A grain crop was raised on the
same land this year.
ONIONS.
F. A. Atwater and C. P. Eldridge,
Clearwater —1 acre, produced 211 sacks;
sold for $211 ; cost of production, $100;
net profit, $111. Soil, sandy loam; no
irrigation. At present prices the onions
would have brought $633.
Charles Lauber, Downey—l acre, pro
duced 113 sacks; sold for $642; cost of
production, $50; net profit, $592. No
attention was paid to the cultivation of
this crop. Soil, sandy loam; not irri
gated. At present prices the same on
ions would have brought $803.
MISCELLANEOUS VEGETABLES.
Eugene Lassene, University—Pump
kins, 5 acres, produced 150 loads; sold
for $4 per load; cost of production, $3
per acre; net profit, $585. Soil, sandy
loam. A crop of barley was raised from
the same land this year.
P. K. Wood, Clearwater—Peanuts, 3
acres, produced 5000 pounds; sold for
$250; cost of production, $40; net profit,
$210. Soil, light sandy; not irrigated;
planted too deep, and got about one
third crop.
Oliver E. Roberts, Terrace farm Ca
huenga valley—3 acres tomatoes ;sold pro
duct for $461.75. >.< acre green peppers;
sold for $54,30. \}4 acres green peas;
sold product for $220. 17 fig trees; first
crop sold for $40. Total product of h%
acres, $776.85.
The same "bulletin" also publishes
the following list of fruits, nuts, vegeta
bles and grains that are produced at a
profit in Los Angeles county: Oranges,
lemons, limes,figs, pomegranates,citron,
pomalo, apples, pears, apricots, quinces,
plums, prunes, persimmons, olives, gua
vas, loquats, nectarines,bananas, grapes,
strawberries, raspberries, blackberries,
currants, cherries, gooseberries, mulber
ries, chestnuts, walnuts, almonds, pea
nuts, pecans, peas, beans, cabbages,
potatoes, tomatoes, beets, sugar beets,
turnips, onions, lettuce, celery, cauli
flower, sweet potatoes, carrots, pump
kins, squash, radish, okra, wheat, corn,
barley, rye, oats, all kinds of garden
vegetables.
Alfalfa produces six or seven crops of
hay per year.
Flowers of all kinds grow in a profu
sion and luxuriance known nowhere else
in the United States.

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