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CLEVER WOMEN ARTISTS.
THEY LIVE IN NEW YORK AND HAVE BRAINS A 8 WELL AS BEAUTY. Us* Bheta Loulso Chllde's Interesting Story of the Way la Which Some of Them Have Conquered Success—An Ar tist Who Ie Also an Author. [Copyright by American Press Association.) MRS. RHODA HOLMES NICHOLLS. Mrs. Rhoda Holmes Nicholls was born in Coventry, England. She early evinced a strong bias for art, which was cncou • aged by her father, who was at that th 0 vicar of Littlebampton. Her first serious study commenced at tho Bloomsbury School of Art, where she car ried off the queen's scholarship for three years, to which is attached a small pension, further increased in this case by v contri bution from tho queen and the judges. Mrs. Nicholls availed herself of the pen sion but a short time, leaving England for Italy, where sho studied under Cameruno and Vertanni. Some water colora made at this time procured her election to tho Circle Artistico, a select body of about fifty artists, prominent among whom have been Fortuity, Siraonctti and Villesgos. Soon after she wus elected to the Society of Aquarcllcsts, to whose annual exhibi tions she still contributes. Her Venetian palaces and moonlit la goons first mode her known to American MISS MARIE GUISE. art lovers. Very soon after her arrival in New York, in 1884, her canvases attracted attention. A gold medal was awarded her picture "Those Evening Bells" by the American Art association. This picture has been etched by Mr. James King, and is very popular. For the past two years Mrs. Nicholls has worked almost exclu sively in water colors. Among her more Important pictures "The Scarlet Letter" is a vigorous example of what may be done with that very attractive medium. A more ambitious work recently exhibited is entitled "The Survivors of tho Schooner Viking," full of dramatic power and feel ing Mrs. Nicholls is vice president of the New York Water Color society, and some of the best work seen at the recent exhi bition is from her brush. Her studio on Twentieth street, New York, contains, be sides studies and pictures in great variety, wany properties such as artists are prone MISS CLARA T. M'CHESNET. to collect—old carved chairs and a wondet ful Venetian Bail, combined with fish nets from the Massachusetts coast in a profu sion of artistic disorder. S- Miss Marie Guise is an American girl in Site of her French name. She has a stu o at tho Holbein, but is more often to be found painting at the Dalham and other stables. Horses and dogs are her delight, and she paints them probably as well as anyone on this side of the water. Miss Guise studied for three years at Ecoueu under Schenk. "Plowing at Eco uen" and "Haying Time," large canvases exhibited at the Salon and at the Universel about this time, attracted favorable notice. Miss Guise admires Rosa. Bon hour, and paints in very much tbe same strong, vigor ous manner which distinguishes that cele brated artist. Her canvases are generally large, and the subjects almost entirely animals, Peasants and hay fields she loves, the latter giving opportunity for the floods of sunshine she knows well bow to depict. A very fine Percheron horse was repro duced in The Art Interchange some time ago, and Miss Guise's favorite, "Vie," a very cross little dog, will have his portrait In the same magazine early next year. Miss Clara T. McChesney commenced her art studies in San Francisco. Later she entered the Gotham in New York, remain ing there fbr three years. She paints charmingly in water colors and pastel, and her pictures are growing rapidly in popu lar favor. Miss McChosuey is a charter member as well as one of the jury of the New York Water Color society, and had a number of good things at the recent ex hibition. The "Old Woman Knitting" was ■old before it was hung; that and the "Head of on Old Mao" have been; admired more, perhaps, than anything that her clever brush has produced. "AStudy of an Old Woman's Head," at Kennel's, is paint ed with a g»oat deal of dash and freedom. THE LOS ANGELES HERALD THURSDAY MORNING. JANUARY 1, 1891. Miss Louise H. King is also a native of San Francisco, although her home since her childhood has been in New York. At the Art Students' league, which has sent out so many of our younger artists, Misa King was a favorite pupil of Kcnyon Cox. Much of his strong draughtsmanship and simplicity of design are visible in her work. After leaving the league Miss King devoted some time to study in the Berlin Gallery and in the London National, where she seems to have absorbed considerable of the Preraphuelite, Burnc-Jones spirit. , Miss King's specialty is high art decora tion, stained glass and cartoons. She has recently finished two windows for Tiffany, and aspires to cathedral wall decoration. This is a branch of art comparatively little crowded, and to which Miss King's genius seems admirably adapted. She delights in aesthetic pinks, yellows and heliotropes, and her combinations of greens and blues are often rather daring and original. "The Lotus Eaters" was exhibited at the Exposition Universal, Paris, 1889, and was much admired for its dreamy beauty and poetic fire, suggesting the conceptions of Botticelli and Fra Angclico. A little blue and green water color "Lisa" was well hung at tbe American MISS LOUISE H. KINO. ' this full, and the artist is now at work on a composition of three women in old Flor entine dress, which will probably be seen at tho spring Academy. In the face of the largo subjects most congenial to her, Miss King's girlish face and figure are particularly noticeable. It is said that her arrival at a fashionable school in Toledo, where sho had boeu en gaged to teach, was tho occasion of a most amusing sensation. "By their works shall ye know them," however, rarely applies to artists. Miss Emily Slade, vice president, and Miss Francos Hunt Throop, treasurer, of the Woman's Art club, have an attractive studio in common at the Sherwood. These two clover young women, while they have studied togothcr at tho Art Students' league under Carroll BecUwith and in France under Alfred Stevens, have man aged to preserve each her individual style. "The Reveille" exhibited at the Salon is in Miss Throop's best style. It was seen also at the Academy in 1889 and much ad mired. The picturo at present on the easel is a very ambitious subject, "The Child- MISS FRANCES nUNT THROOP. hood of tho Virgin." Miss Throop writes and illustrates charming little stories for children's magazines. Readers of St. Nicholas will remember "The Story of Turk," a noble St. Bernard dog, nnd will be interested to know that the story is quite true, and that Turk's skin ornaments Miss Throop'B studio to this day. Miss Slade paints children and flowers, a very agreeable combination There is much of Beckwith's brilliance and a great deal of her own breadth of handling in her work. Her flesh tints especially are fine, her drawing unusually good, and her sub jects interesting. She has painted some portraits, "Tho Concierge" being exhibited at the Salon of 1880. Lost summer Miss Slade studied under Dumoulin, the leader of the new art movement in France, and this year's work shows traces of his ad vanced theories. Her latest picture, "A Flower Show," is a beautiful study of children, groaned admiringly around a MISS EMILY SLADE. ' .able, ornamented with a huge pot of chrys anthemums. The latter flower Miss Slade paints extremely well. An unfinished picture of the little blonde head of a child with a background of yellow blossoms is very effective. Rheta LorasE Childe. Early American Statesmanship. He—Why should you refuse Mm on account of his not being your equal? Tour grandfather signed the Declaration of Independence. Don't you believe that all men are born equal? She—Oh, yes, of course I do; but some men deteriorate after birth, you know.— Life. ■ Ulsqnoted. Aunt Polly—Come heah, chile, an* tole yo' ole mammy de tex* wat de preacher took'n fo' his disco'ae die mo'nin'. Master George—l diaremeinber ex actly, mammy, bnt it ended. "Many am cold, but few am frosen."—Harper's Bu aW CONTESTING BOYD'S SEAT. The Farmers' Alliance Han Claims to B» lile'tel vcruor of Nebraska. Experienced political prophets predict that John H. Powers, the Farmers' Alli ance candidate, will bo the next governor of Nebraska, although tho Democratic nominee has a plurality of 1,144 on the face of tho returns. Tho state had always been overwhelmingly Republican, but at the re cent election the Democrats cast 71,831 votes for (jovernor, the Farmers' Alliance 70,187, nnd the Republicans 68,878. Tho Alliance has tuhen steps to make a legal contest for the governorship. There nre many specifi cations in its for mal notice, but the chief charges are intimidation at certain polling places in Omaha, the failure of no ve nd small cities to comply with the registry law and tho payment by the Persona] Rights League of the fees for natur alizing 2,800 for eign born voterg 7 I JOHN H. POWERS. ( in Omaha, such payment being held to be of the nature of bribery. If tho votes of the precincts in question be thrown out it will give Mr. Powers a clear plurality of the votes. The contest will be decided by the legislature and tho Alliance has a majority in both houses. Mr. Powers was born in Madison county, Ills., in 1831. Both parents were from New England. Threo years later they took a squatter's claim in La Salle county, Ills., and bought it when put on the market. For a number of yeans, beginning at the age of 20, Mr. Powers alternated teaching district school in winter with farming in summer. In August, 1862, be enlisted as a "private in the One Hundred and Fourth regiment Illinois infantry, and was honor ably discharged because of sickness. In 1873 he took up homestead nnd tree claims in Hall county, Neb. In 1888 he sold out and took up a farm in the extreme south western part of the state, where he now re sides. Mr. Powers is president of the State Farmers' Alliance, which fact undoubted ly won him his nomination. He has been supervisor in Illinois and in Nebraska. These are the only political oflicej he has held, but he is v representative farmer of rugged honesty and good hard sense. DISAGREEMENT AT CONCORD. New Hampshire Politicians Engaged in Perplexing Arguments. There is a lively struggle in progress at the capital of Now Hampshire, and the storm center for some days has - been around Dr. Gallinger, ex-con gressman and now candidate for the United States sen ate, to succeed Senator Blair.- Mr. Blair of course desires to succeed £ himself. Thej great struggle has \ been over tho con- '■ trol of the I,'iturc. aud it in volves so many issues that only un It Dlt. GALLINGER. expert on the ground can understand their merits. These are as to whether men who served as census enumerators are "federal office holders," and therefore disqualified as members; whether men who moved out of their districts uro still qualified if they de clare t heir intention to move back; whether the towns are entitled to representation according to this year's census, and, most of all, whether the deputy clerk of the last legislature shall make up the roll of the next, the chief clerk having moved to an other state and resigned. On the deter mination of these it depends whether Dem ocrats or Republicans shall control. Dr. Gallinger and his supporters are earnestly opposed to the policy recom mended by Senator Chandler, aud refuse to join in all the measures proposed by their fellow Republicans, and this adds another clement of uncertainty. Tho gov ernor convened the legislature (which has a legal existence till the constitutional d:ite for the one chosen in November to meet), and the first struggle was OS the right of that legislature to adopt unusual measures to prevent, trouble when the next one meets, the Gallinger party of Republicans being classed as the "moderates." Ever}- Family Has an Isaac. "Mrs. Partington's" a:ixietios aud pertur bations have served to amuse millions, for the American pres.j gave wijjo circulation to her "felicitous infelicities of speech." They long divided honor and applause with the airy paragraphs and sharp wit of George D. Prentice. "Ike," the irre- . pressible and very human boy, was a live ly presence in thousands of households at a time when John Godfrey Soxe, Mortimer M. Thompson ("Doesticks") and Capt. George Horatio Derby were convulsing a continent with their quips and quirks, odd whims or whimsical oddities. The century renowned dramatic proto type of this species of misunderstood and misunderstanding feminine was assuredly not the model chosen by our home bred humorist. Richard Brinsley Sheridan's Mrs. Muluprop was an egotistic, gaudily dressed, well bestowed, imperious and ef fusively aristocratic ignoramus, who had a good heart and a weak he:id. Name and idea may both have been borrowed by Hu morist Shillaber, but his creation of "Mrs. Partington" is nono tho less unique or dis tinctive. "Bco" is a literary creation far beyond all other prankish boys that grin from the pages of modern books. He is natural in hia mischief, and ucts like an impulsive youngster always does when ho has too much play time and too many tempting opportunities. Every family that boasts of its half dozen active, healthy boys has one or two Isaacs in tho bouse, nnd they aro too wide awake to nod in broad daylight. The Cliurm of Gen. liooth's Hook. One charm of Gen. Booth's recently pub lished book, "In Darkest England," is the frankness with which he treats of all other schemes of reform—Christian socialism, land nationalism and the like. He has a good word for all of them aud one criti cism—they look to a distant future. ' He frankly confesses that he cannot work that way—ho wants to help those who are in misery now, no matter whether it is their fault or not. And, another unusual pro ceeding for his class, he flatly declares that in a majority of cases the misery is largely the fault of the miserable. Hence—and this is the strong element in his book—we must attack the evil physically and spirit ually at the same time. All Schemes-work ing on one side only of man's nature will fail as all such have failed. r Eeila Lewis, a sister of Julia Arthur, the leading lady of the "Still Alarm" company, is one of the few American members of Mr. and Mrs. Kendal's com pany. Great hopes are entertained in Paris for Sardou'a "Thermidor." The play made a deep impression when the author read it to the committee of the Comodie ffrancaiso. CENTENARY OF A FLOWER FASHION HAS KNOWN THE CHRYS ANTHEMUM TEN DECADES. Once It Was Called the "Tradesman* Flower," but Now It I* the Pet of So ciety—Dazzling Displays of Recent Date In New York and London. The visitor to tho Madison Square Gar den during the recent New York flower show had an ocular proof before him that there are fashions in flowers. If that im mense grouping of plants, flowers and ferns had been called a~ chrysanthemum exhibition instead of a "flower showlL_the CHBYSANTHEMUMS AT MADISON SQUARE GARDEN. term would have been better applied, for the hardy stranger from Japan was queen of the garden. Wherever she was— in groups, in beds, in varieties or in single one flowered plants—she wielded her scep ter with an equally firm grasp. Beside her the eccentric orchid twisted from ap parent .nothingness without attracting much attention, although the year is not far gone when the orchid had no rival in the hearts of the fashionable people. Yes, there are fashions in flowers, as there aro in colors, as there are in robes and jewels. There are seasons of which the rose, the lily, even tho violet (although the latter seems an inherent contradiction) is the comet. Today the chrysanthemum rises highest in the sky of popular favor, and few there are who will question her right to reign, while there are many who predict her sovereignty will bo lasting. The chrysanthemum wos first brought into Europe in tbe year of the French Revolution by a merchant of Marseilles named Blancard. In the autumu of the following year (1790) some plants having a small flower of a dull purplo color were sent to Kew gardens, London, and a mag nificent chrysanthemum show in celebra tion of tho one hundredth anniversary of the "golden flower" given by the National Chrysanthemum society, of which Lord Brooke is president, was recently held at the Royal Aquarium, Westminster. There were only twelve varieties known in Eng land up to the year 1820, and in 1847 the first Chrysanthemum society was formed. Yet it was not until years afterward that the flower was taken up by the aristocratic classes, and one of the most enthusiastic members of the Stoke-Newington Chrysan themum society does not hesitate to chron icle the fact that for many years it was THE CHRYSANTHEMUM IN DECORATION. contemptuously designated "a mere trades man's flower." Yet the case of the chrys anthemum is not the first where Dame Fashion has by wayward fancy taken to her bosom the flower dear to the hearts of tho people. To such proportion and in almost in finite variety have the chrysanthemums been cultivated that there is no space even to mention their names. Wherever they are shown, in all the shop windows, in all the boxes of private houses and in the grander flower shows, their colors and shapes appear with so many differences that it is almost incredible that they be long to one family. White flowered, violet rose, yellow, golden bronze, pink purple and brunette—in every color they traverse the flowery gamut. Beautiful indeed are the beds of mixed varieties, but far more beautiful do the chrysanthemums appear when shown in great masses of a single color. There are the Cullingfordii, a crimson flowered variety, and these wind down through every shade from the gayly flowered kinds to the pale and colorless white. The one flowered plants show the perfection to which the chrysanthemum may be brought by v severe application of the of the survival of the fittest. These plants are propagated from cut tings in pots; all side branches they may have borne are pinched off as soon as they appear; all root sprouts are removed as soon as discovered; only the main stem is left to develop into great size and luxuri ance, with the forces of all combined into itself. It is so, by this concentration of the whole strength of the plant, that we have the magnificent large blossoms of the BEFORE HER THE CROWD BOWED DOWN. single plants. Those that are called the standards are produced in not quite the same way. They are older, ranging from ten months to a year, and are grown in pots by the same process of culling used In the single plants until they have clean, naked stems from two to four feet high, when the end is pinched off and a broad branched head of many blossoms appears. It is known that as far back as the end of the Seventeenth century the chrysan themum, under the name of "kiku," was extensively cultivated in Japan, and most of the finest varieties produced in America were imported directly from there. We are told that what we see is as moonlight to sunlight compared with the marvelous chrysanthemums of the Flowery land, but we can take these travelers'stories with a grain of salt. It may be true that in point of size the home bred chrysanthemum outgrows its imported sister, but, on the other hand, Arocric«n florists are adding scorei of new varieties year after year to the list ot cultivated sorts. Another thing which must be taken into consideration to uphold the national variety is that the climate of America is distinctly favorable to the production of this flower, and before long the tables will be turned and the Japanese take to importing instead of ex porting the best varieties in color and race. In China the chrysanthemum must have grown for ages, as not only does it afford a general type of architectural ornament, but seems to have a place in the ancient history of the country. One of the nation al honors is the "Order of the Chrysan themum." In Corea, where chrysanthe mum culture has been brought to great perfection, the annual chrysanthemum festival is one of the greatest national holidays. I have called the chrysanthe mum the queen of the flower shows re cently in progress throughout the country, in other cities as well as New York, but the term needs specification, for mixed and crimson and brunette pay homage to a queen among themselves. She who has been . elevated to the chrysanthemum throne is the magnificent white flower grown on a single stem,, and braidlixe in its breadth, but gentle and flexible as spun glass. Before her the crowd bow down, and, in truth, since the season is not June, she has no rivals she need fear. How long she will wield the scepter, who can tell? There are fashions in flowers, to return to my state ment in the opening paragraph, and if a more beautiful member of her own family do not depose her some new flower will. Who has not heard of the craze for black tulips, which almost bankrupted Holland, and which did rain many amateurs? The chrysanthemum craze is as widespread as that, and yet, without desiring to utter a paradox, I may say that the present craze has far more of sanity in it. Francis Livingston. TALKED HIMSELF IN. Congressman-Elect Bryan Has Little Money, but an Eloquent Tongue. William Jeunings Bryan, of Lincoln, Neb., one of the Democratic congressmen elect who will represent a district having 450,000 people, was born in 1860 at Salem, Ills. His father, Silas L. Bryan, a lawyer of high standing, represented his people in the state senate for eight years, was circuit judge for twelve years, and as tho Demo cratic candidate for congress in 1872 was defeated by a small majority. The son was brought up on a farm near Salem, and was instructed at home until 10 years old. Then followed five years In the public schools, two in Whipple acade my, at Jackson ville, Ills.,and two at Illinois college. He graduated from the latter in 1881 as orator and valedictorian of his class. While attending the Un ion Co 11 og c of Law, at Chicago, from which he 5 W. J. BRYAN. J graduated In 1883, he was connected with the law office of ex-Senator Lyman Trum bull. He began to practice at Jackson ville, but removed to Nebraska's capital city in 1887, and has gained prominence rapidly. For ten years Mr. Bryan has taken a deep concern in political questions, and began speaking on the stump before ho was old enough to vote. He stumped his i district in 1888 for the Democratic ticket, and his geniality and eloquence brought him into acquaintance and prominence. When the congressional convention met last July he was nominated unanimously, and began his first canvass for himself. His was a remarkable campaign. A young man barely turned thirty, a resident of the state but three years and without money to use in the contest, he overturned a plu rality of 3,400 given his opponent two years before, and rolled up a plurality of 6,713 for himself. Ho is a Presbyterian and an anti-Prohibitionist who does not drink. Mr. Bryan's wife, a graduate of the Jack sonville Female academy, has also been admitted to tho bar, not for the purpose of practicing, but that she might enter more fully into her husband's plans. Tho Indian Manhood Test. The Indian ghost dance, now so promi nently brought to public notice, contains no details of physical muti' '.tion or bar barity; yet among the ancestors of these savages Catlin witnessed ceremonies of the most painful nature in connection with the manhood test applied to young braves. Through holes in tbe flesh weights were tied by tendons to the different candi dates, and then removed by tearing out. Batch after batch of the devotees had made "the last race" to the number of fifty or fifty-five, till the weights had been torn from their bodies and left them with honorable wounds; but there was one poor fellow who was dragged for a long time, with the skull of an elk hanging to the flesh of his legs. Several men bad jumped on it, but to no effect, for the splint was under the sinew, which could not be brok en. He was dragged so furiously that a cry of horror arose from the spectators, when the medicine man ran forward and bade the young men stop. The boy, who was a line looking youth, smiled in triumph at his ghastly wounds, - and then crawled through the crowd to the prairie to a secluded spot, "where he laid yet longer three days and three nights without food, until suppuration took place in tho wound, and by the decaying of the flesh the weight was dropped and the splint also, which he dare not extricate in any other way. At tho end of this he crawled back to the village, being too weak to walk, and begged for food, which was at onco given him, and he was soon restored ' to health." A Difficult Political Problem. The present condition of the "Irish question" is a fresh illustration of the ex treme difficulty of creating a federal of complete home rule system where it does not arise naturally. All recent writers on civil government concede that America has added one great and valuable feature to the science, but it was the result of a happy accident, The colonies were planted separately and acted separately; the states merely continued and developed their in dividual control of local affairs, and the problem of the men of 1787 was to com bine the separated sovereignties in a na tional union. In all other countries the problem has been exactly the reverse—to create the local governments—and no country has yet fully succeeded in it. THE GENTLER SEX. Mrs. Dorothy Tennaut Stanley is two inches taller than her husband. Hiss Ellen Terry has become the presi dent of the Ladies' Cycling club in Lon don. Mrs. Plumb, tho wife of Senator Plumb, of Kansas, has been an invalid for several years. The Duchess of Portland is endeavor ing to revive the woolen industry, which is carried on in many cottage homes about Langwell. Mrs. Kendal, the , popular English ' actress, says she has boon made an hon-. ! orary member of overV woman's club in I | tilt* TJmtftd Sr-itaa | 15 CYRUS W. FIELD'S GULDEN WEDDING. Four Famous Brother* licet at the Feaw tlvltlen—Laying tile Cable. Cyrus West Field, financier and philan thropist, millionaire, railroad operator and' author, if one may so phrase it, of tho At lantic cable, celebrated his golden wed ding the other clay, and his mansion in> Grani';rey park, New York city, was the scene of a gathering as remarkable as ever took placa in America. Four noted broth era were there—David Dudley Field, tlwr great lawyer and author of the Field code-, Henry Martyu Field, editor and owner of Tho Evangelist, noted traveler and relig ious writer; Stephen Johnson Field, jn» tice of the United States supreme court. - and the famous Cyrus himself. It. Isa fam ily of Immortals. No ot her country in ttwy world probably can show four such broth ers. The family is of fino old Puritan stock, and the father, David Dudley Field, nas born at East Guilford, Conn., May 80, 1781. In his time he was a minister of note anti author of several works of interest. His> oldest son, named for the father, was bora CYRUS W. FIELD. at Haddam, Conn., Feb. 13,1805; Stephen' Johnson at the same place Nov. 4, 1814:; Cyrus West at Stockbridge, Mass., Nov. 80, 1819, and Henry Martyn, the only ow who adopted his father's calling, at ttv& same place April 13, 1823. In infancy and early childhood Cyrus was so feeble that no one expected that he would live to ma turity; yet his frame is erect and sis health firm at 71, and he will doubtless have the most permanent fame of tbe four, for the Atlantic cable is his monu ment. He began his business life at the age of 15, hiring himself to a New York merchant for $2 per week to sweep out the store, put up and take down the heavy shutters thee used and "other light duties." Yet at 38 he was rich enough to retire temporarily from business and travel in South Amer ica. On his return from this trip he tu> came satisfied of the practicability of an Atlantic cable, and after a brief interval in business he devoted twelve toilsome years to the project. The world know* the history. Even in the heat and fury of the civil war he toiluJ on, sometimes as completely absorbed in his great work at* Archimedes was in his study while tlttf: barbarians were taking the city. When but two days past his twenty-firs* birthday Mr. Field married Miss Mary Bryan Stone, of Guilford, Conn., a comely lady of such very retiring habits that fevr New Yorkers know her by sight. She ie well known, however, to regular attend ants at Dr. Parkhurst's church, in which • she and Cyrus may be seen every Sunday regardless of the weather. All tho Fields ■ ore orthodox, and none more so than tho old financier. They are the parents ot seven children, of whom six are living. After laying the Atlantic cable Mr. Field ■' returned to business with renewed energy,, and was at one time worth probably $8,900, --000, but a few years ago there was a "dr«p •« in stocks," which reduced his pile a few millions. It is scarcely necessary to say that Jay Gould quit a few millions aheadu- The history of the Atlantic cable is as interesting as any romance, and the mere Mr. Field's course in connection with it is studied the more admirable it appears*. John Bright, in one of his most eloqueat addresses, said of him that, like Cyrus «f old, he freed the messengers of peace from their bonds, gave lightning wing's to inter 1 " nat ional speech, and moored the New Worh£ I beside the Old. -The idea of course was not ■ original with Mr. Field. Frederick K_ Gisborne, a telegraph operator, is some times credited with originating th**' scheme, but his plan now seems vwjy vague. > Professor Morse mode the experiments and calculations demonstrating that the* electric power could be carried from New-, foundland to Ireland, and urged Mr. Fieidl to go ahead. The original company coo-, sisted of David Dudley Field, Marshall Oi Roberts, Moses Taylor, Peter Cooper ai»»: Chandler White, but tho last named dying; soon after Wilson G. Hunt took his plaeul Mr. Field has retired altogether frcsu business and spends his summers at his country home, near Dobbs Ferry, on the Hudson. Both in country and city he is a great walker and only uses spectacles foi very fine print, though naturally near sighted. Such is the septuagenarian who was an invalid in boyhood. South Dakota Sena to rah tp. South Dakota is gently agitated over the question of a new senator, as the Dem ocrats and Farmers' Alliance men hold » majority in the legislature just elected, and appear to be unanimous in the determine. tion that the pres ent senator, Moo dy, shall not be re elected. Twoques tions confront them: Shall the senator be a straight out Dem ocrat or an Alli ance man, and should the ques tion of locality be paramount? If the latter, then the senator . FRAKCIS H. CLAKKF. " must come from the Black Hills end of the* new state (as Senator Frank Pettigre*r lives at Sioux Falls), nnd Hon. Francis ft. Clarke, of Fvapid City, is the Hills casdv date. Mr. Clarke was candidate for cor» Kress on the recent Democratic state ticket, and made an active canvass and "splendid run" till taken sick, going ahead of hi* ticket in every part of tho state. He is »> lawyer, and a very successful one. Unfor tunately he was stricken with typhoid fe ver in the very height of the canvass, audi Is not yet entirely recovered. Another candidate is Judge Bartlett Tripp, who was indorsed for the positions by the Democratic state convention. Hm is supposed to be stronger among the Alli ance men than any other Democrat, bn* the embattled farmers may conclude to have one of their own men for senator,, and stick to it till one of the other partita* yields. The mother of Miss Willard deni«ci that the president of the Woman's Curie tian Temperance union aspires to a* Methodist bishopric. Mrs. Isabel Poland Rankin, daughter of the late- Luke P. Poland, has given to the town of Morristown, Vt, |1,000 to ward a library which- is being estab lished there-.