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si fled columns of Thi Hebald, 3d Page; advertise ments thore only cost Five Cents a line. VOL. 36.—N0. 21. JINGO'S JUGGLERY. A Note to Pauncefote on the Bering Sea Question. Salisbury Taken to Task for Assuming Too Much. Uncle Sam Has Not Receded From His Former Position. Six Question* Submitted by the President Upon Which He is Willing to Arbitrate. Associated Press Dispatches. Washington, May 7.—Another note from Secretary Blame to Sir Julian Pauncefote, under date April 14th, is made public. It says in part: "The modifications which Lord Salis bury suggests in the questions for arbi tration', do not wholly meet the views of the president, hut the president changes the text of the third and fifth, in bucli a manner, it ia hoped, as will result in an agreement between the two governments. While Lord' Salisbury suggests a different mode of procedure from that embodied in the sixth ques tion, the president does not understand him actually to object to the question, and therefore assumes it is agreed. "the six questions now proposed by the president are: "First —What exclusive jurisdiction in Bering sea, and what exclusive rights in the seal fisheries, therein, did Russia assert and exercise up to the time of the cession of Alaska to the United States? "Second —How far were those claims conceded by Great Britain ? "Third—Was the Bering sea included in the phrase 'Pacific ocean,' used in the treaty of 1825 between Great Britain and Russia, and what rights, if any, in Ber ing sea were held and exclusively exer cised by Russia after said treaty? "Fourth —Did not all the rights of Russia pasß unimpaired to the United States under the treaty of 1867 ? "Fifth—Has the United States any right, and if so, what right of protection or property in the fur seals frequenting the islands of the United States in tho Bering sea, when such seals are found outside the ordinary three-mile limit? "Sixth—lf the determination of the foregoing questions shall leave the sub ject in such posit ion that the concur rence of Great Britain is necessary in prescribing regulations for the killing of fur seal in any part of the waters of Bering sea, then it shall be further de termined: (1.) How far, if at. all, out side the ordinary territorial limit, it ia necessary the United States should ex ercise exclttsive jurisdiction, in order to protect tbe seal for the time living upon islands of the United States, and feed ing therefrom; (2.) Whether a closed season, during which the killing of seals in the waters of Bering sea, outside the ordinary territorial limits, shalUJre pro hibited, is necessary to save the seal fishing industry, so valuable and im portant to mankind, from deterioration or destruction, and if so, (3) What months or parts of months should be included in such season, and over what waters it should extend. "The president does not object to an additional question respecting alleged damage to English ships, if the condi tion can be added that if the United States shall prevail in the arbitration, all seals taken by Canadian vessels dur ing the period, shall be paid for at the ordinary price for which the skins are Bold." " AS TO THE MAKE CI.AUSUM. In Lord Salisbury's dispatch of Feb ruary 21st, he makes the declaration that it is now quite clear that the ad visors of the president do not claim that the Bering sea is a mare clausum, and in deed repudiate that contention in ex press terms. On this subject Mr. Blame says: "Lord Salisbury's expression is in form to imply that the United States has hitherto been resting its contention upon the fact that the Bering sea was a mare clausum. If that was the inten tion it would have been well for his lordship to specify wherin the United States ever made suoh assertion. "Lord Salisbury complains that I did not deal with certain protests of Lord Londonderry and the Duke of Welling ton in 1822. In my dispatch of Decem ber 17th I especially dealt with them;. maintained, and, I think, proved from the text that there was not a single word in those protests referring to the Bering sea, but that they referred, in the language of the Duke of Wellington.only to lands 'extending alorg the shores of the Pacific ocean from latitude 40 and to latitude 60 degrees north.' In Lord Londonderry's p otests he alludes to matters in dispute as especially con nected with the territorial rights of the Russian crown on the northwest coast of America, bordering on the Pacific ocean, and tbe commerce and navigation of his imperial majesty's subjects in the seas adjacent thereto. Both protests referred to the territory south of the Alaskan peninsula, bordering on the Pacific, and geographically shut out from the Bering sea. "In Lord Salisbury's judgment the contention of the United States now rests wholly upon the ukase of 1821, by the emperor of Russia. The United States has at no time rested its argu ment solely on the ground mentioned, and this government regrets that Lord Salisbury should have so misapprehend ed the American position as to the limit of its basis of right in the Bering sea, to the ukase of 1821. THE THREE-MILE LIMIT. "The United States has, among other grounds, insisted, without recurring to any of its inherited superior rights in Alaska, that this government has as full authority for going beyond the three mile limit in case of proved authority as Great Britain possesses. Two or three instances of the power which Great Britain exercises beyond the three-mile line have already been quoted, but have failed thus far to receive comment or explanation from Lord Salisbury. Another case can be cited, perhaps still more to the point. In 1889—only two LOS ANGELES HERALD. years ago —the British parliament en acted a law, the effect of which is fully shown by a map enclosed herewith. Far outside the three-mile line, the parlia ment of Great Britain haa attempted to control a body of water situated beyond the northeastern section of Scotland, 2700 square miles in extent, and to direct that certain methods of fishing shall rot be used within the great body of water under a prescribed penalty. The prohibition is not alone against Britisn subjects, but against 'any per son.' " ' SAUCE HOB THE GOOSE, ETC. Secretary Blame quotes from the par liamentary act in question, and adds: "If Great Britain may thus control an area of 2700 square milea of ocean on the coast of Scotland, why may not the United States prescribe a space around tbe Pribyloff islands in which similar prohibitions may be enforced? It must not escape the observation that the area of water outside the three-mile line of Scotland, whose control ia assumed by Great Britain, is as large as would be found inside a line drawn from Cape Cod to Portland harbor. "Lord Salisbury reasserts his conten tion that the words 'Pacific ocean,' at the time of the treaty between Russia and Great Britain, did include the Be ring sea. Undoubtedly the Pacific ocean includes the Bering sea in the same sense thut the Atlantic ocean includes the Gulf of Mexico, and yet it would bo regarded a very inaccurate statement to say that the Mississippi river flaws into the Atlantic ocean. NOT A QUESTION OK GEOGRAPHY. "In point of fact, therefore, according to the usage of the word, there is no dis pute of any consequence on the geo graphical points under consideration. The historical point is the one at issue. "An explanatory note from Russia, on file in the state department, especial ly referred to in John Quincv Adams' diary, and quoted in my note of Decem ber 17th, last, plainly drawee distinction between the Pacific ocean on the one hand, and the sea of Okhotsk, the sea of Kamtschatka and the Icy sea on the other, and so long as Russia drew that distinction, it must apply to and abso lutely decide all contentions between the two countries, so far as the waters of the Bering sea arc concerned. SALISBURY IN ERROR. "In the opinion of tbe president, Lord Salisbury is wholly and strangely in errorin making thefollowingstatement: 'Nor do they (the advisors of the presi dent), rely as a justification for the seizure of British ships in the open sea, upon the contention that the interests of the seal fisheries give the United States government any right for that purpose, which, according to the inter national law, it would not otherwise possess.' "The government of the United States has steadily held just the reverse of the Fosition Lord Salisbury imputes to it. t holds that the ownership of the islands upon which the seals breed; that the habit of the seals in regularly resorting thither and rearing their young thereon; that their going out from the islands in search of food and regularly returning thereto, and all tbe facts and incidents of their relation to the islands, give to the United States a property interest therein; that this property interest was claimed and exer cised by Russia; that England recog nized this property interest, so far as recognition is implied, by abstaining' from all interference with it during the whole period of Russia's ownership, and during the first nineteen • years of the sovereignity of the United States. It is yet to be determined whether the law less intrusion of Canadian vessels, in 1886 and subsequent years, has changed tbe law and equity of the case thereto fore prevailing." BLAINE KEPT BUSY. Ample Opportunity for Jingo to Exercise Ills Genius. Washington, May 7. —There is a vast accumulation of matters requiring at tention from the state department, just now, and Secretary Blame will probably be a very busy man during the summer. The recent events in the Chilean situation have added complexity to the affairs, and there is now a long docket of unsolved diplomatic problems, aj fol lows : The Italian and Bering sea com plications ; Canadian reciprocity and the Newfoundland fisheries nego tiations ; the Chilean troubles; the Spanish agreement; the Ven ezuelan treaty; the Haytian coaling station ; the refusal of China to receive our minister; the tiouble over the fail ure of the consul at Victoria to toast the queen, and quite a number of minor matters, including the claim of the Bar rundia family. ARRESTED IN LOS ANGELES. Henry Long- Wanted at Red Bluff on the Charge of Murder. Red Bluff, Cal., May 7.—News has been received of the arrest of Henry Long in Lob Angeles, today, tor com plicity in the murder of Oscar Crandall, on April 24th. It will be remembered that Rube Mitchell, Frank Hughes, Charles Boyden and Long were arrested for the murder. Long was subsequently released, and Boyden stated at the cor oner's inquest that Long had confessed the crime to him. Public opinion here ia strongly against Mitchell, and none of the officials think Long committed the murder, but his presence will speedily fix the guilt where it belongs, so every one hopes. Sheriff Fish started tonight to bring Long to this place. The Opposition Against Maxwell. Chicago, May 7. —Considerable oppo sition is developed to the confirmation of the appointment of Walter Maxwell, of California, as chief of the. horticul tural bureau of the world's fair. A dele gation is here from New York, representing New York, Penn sylvania and New England societies, to join the other "kickers" in protesting againat his confirmation. They assert that Maxwell is not qualified for the po sition, and has not sufficient knowl edge of horticulture. A local paper says strenuous opposition has also developed in a portion of Southern California, Ma xwell's own locality. A Victory for Colombia. Washington, May 7. —The queen re gent of Spain, having been appointed umpire in the dispute between Colom bia and Venezuela, over the boundary lines between those republics, has ren dered a decicion in favor of Colombia. It gives Colombia the whole of Goajiro, San Fauatino and Arama territories. FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 8, 1891. —TEN PAGES- THE ITATA'S ESCAPE. Deputy Spaulding Dropped at Ballast Point. Queer Conduct on the Part ot That Official. He Tells a Blood-Curdling Story About His Captivity. The Cruiser Charleston Ordered In Pur suit of the Pirate Craft—lnter esting Developments. Associated Press Dispatches. San Dieoo, May 7. —The sudden de parture of the Chilean steamer Itata last evening, and subsequent develop ments, caused considerable excitement in this city today. Deputy Marshal Spencet, whose real name is Spaulding, was put off at Ballast point, and re turned to the city last night, concealing his identity until today. DEPUTY SPAULDING'S STORY. Deputy Spaulding says the first in timation he had of the vessel's prepara tions to leave was hasty movements on the part of the crew, and when the cap tain invited hira to his cabin from the dining-room, he was suprised to find the steamer under full headway. He then made the following statement: "Going into the captain's cabin, I was joined by three of the passengers. They exhibited revolvers and asked me if I was armed, Captain Manzeum acting as spokesman. He then said: 'I have contraband goods on board, and it ia life or death with me.' He then, point ing his fingers to his throat, eaid: 'See, this ia what it means.' "I was so dumbfounded that I could not answer. He then called two of the Chilean crew and they stood guard near the door, each armed with revolvers and a rifle. He then told me not to be alarmed, but that if I went out of the cabin during his absence, he would not be responsible for what would happen ; telling me also that if I attempted to give a sign to jump overboard, he would not be responsible for the result. CHANGED TO A MAN-OF-WAR. "About this time I noticed them lifting out of the hold four small steel cannon, which they immediately thereafter placed irs position on the upper deck— three of them on the forward part of the vessel and one after—all four of which guns they loaded in my presence. The captain then stated that he intended putting me off at Ballast, point. He then led me out of the cabin, followed by -his companions, each taking their revolvers. On teaching the bridge I found on the deck below 100 Chileans, all armed to the 'teeth, each having a repeating rifle and a revolver, and dressed in a uniform consisting of red caps and jackets. The captain laughed and said: 'See, we have changed to a man-of-war.' SPAULDING'S PROTESTS UNHEEDED. "I looked at the pilot and said: 'Are you going to guide the ship?' "The captain spoke up and said: 'No,' exhibiting a revolver, 'this is going to guide it.' "By this time we were nearing the entrance to the harbor, and the captain gave orders to the crew to put over a ladder which ho escorted me to, and said: 'You must excuse me for putting you to this annoyance, as I am not in command of this ship.' "The Itata then passed out the bay, heading north." Mr. Spaulding said he protested very vigorously to being made a prisoner dur ing the passage of the vessel out of the harbor, and also to leaving the ship while in possession of the United Statea government, but they paid no atten tion to his protest, and kept him pris oner until they arrived at the spot where they intended to put him off. DESERTERS FROM THE ITATA. Two deserters from the Chilean steamer Itata were seen today, and in an interview stated that being tired of atay ing aboard, they got away, intending to try their luck on the North American continent. They say positively that the big warship Esmeralda accompanied the Itata as far north as Cape St. Lucas, and is now waiting the return of the latter vessel between here and that point, in order to get provisions and coal. It waa learned further that Captain Mauzeum is only employed to navigate the ahip, and that the real commander is a native Chilean, and it is he who giveß all orders. OVERTAKEN BY A STRANGER. It is claimed that when the Itata left the harbor, and when about ten miles out she was overtaken by another steamer from Coronado islands, which fired two guns and passed out of sight, in company with the Itata. From what was seen it does not look as if they were friendly disposed. Another statement is made that a corvette passed San Diego, going north at 9 o'clock yesterday, flying the Chilean flag. A UNITED STATES MAN-OF-WAR. The United States man-of-war Omaha arrived in port at noon from Mazatlan. Her arrival caused some exoitement, as it was supposed she had been ordered here on account of the recent trouble. She will take coal and leave for the north in a few days l . THE CHARLESTON ORDERED IN PURSUIT. San Fuancisco, May 7.—The Alta Cal ifornia has positive information that the United States steamship Charleston will Bail for San Diego tomorrow, in pursuit of the Chilean ship Itata. Secretary Tracy telegraphed special orders today, and the Charleston left Mare island to day, and anchored off San Francisco. Instead of taking her usual anchorage, she went behind Goat island, out of sight. Her ostensible purpose in coming down ia to go outside to try her guns. The officers and men have been ordered to be on board at 8 o'clock tomorrow morning. THE IMPERIALS ON HAND. The Chronicle states that it has in formation that gives ground for the statement that the steamer seen hover ing around the entrance to San Diego harbor is the armed transport Imperiale, now in possession of Balmaceda's party, and which left Valparaiso to intercept the Itata on her return voyage to Iquique. AN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIR. Secretary Tracy Will Capture the Itata If He Can. Washington, May 7.—Attorney-Gen eral Miller this afternoon made public the substance of the correspondence re lating to the insurgent vessel Itata and the schooner Robert and Minnie. He refused to give out the full text of the correspondence. The information given by the attorney-general agrees sub stantially with that received in the press dispatches. The representations upon which the orders were originally given to detain the Robert and .viinnie were made by the Chilean minister, and were to the effect that he had : nforma tion that the neutrality laws were being violated. The attorney-general refused to indi cate what further atepa he had taken in the matter since the escape of the two vessels, or to discuss the probability of any international complications. He had several conferences with the secre tary of the navy during the day, and this gave color to the story that efforts would be made to recapture" the Itata. THE SITUATION SUMMARIZED. "Can you take the vessel on the high seas without violation of the law? a re porter asked the secretary. "Yes, sir," responded the secietary emphatically. "Will you do it?" "I have no answer to make to that," said the secretary. "You can't skin a hare before you catch him." This seems to summarize the present situation. The Itata will be captured if possible, but she has a long start of any pursuers. • ) AN INTERNATIONAL QUESTION. Her escape raisea an important ques tion of international law. The Alabama claims, which cost Great Britain twenty miilionS dollars, arose in a similar man ner, through the equipment of a con federate vessel in an English port, and the supplying of men, guns and ammu nition to her by British vessels. As the Itata had been seized by the United States at San Diego, she was technically United States property until discharged, and is therefore liable to recapture on the high seas by a United States man of-war, or to confiscation if she ever en ters a United States port. THE TREASURY OFFICIALS POSTED. The treasury department officials are kept fully informed of the movements oi the Ghilean vessel, Itata, which escaped from San Diego, Cal., yesterday, after being seized by the marshal, and of the fruitless chase for the schooner Robert and Minnie. They refuse, however, to say anything in regard to the matter or to make public the dispatches about the afiair. THE SINEWS OF WAR. Some Gossip About Who Supplies Them. Chas. R. Flint's Statement. New York, May 7.—Chas. R. Flint, head of the South American shipping house of Flint & Co., smiled when asked if it was true that his firm and that of W. R. Grace & Co. were interested in prolonging the Chilean revolution. "No," said Flint, "that story is not true aa far as our house is concerned. We are not in it. I don't believe there ie any foundation for the belief that any commercial house ia interested in prolonging the revolution in Chile. It is, of course, to the. interest of every bouse having business with the Chilean ports that the disturbance should be over as soon as possible." "How about the shipments of arms which your bouse ia said to have made?" "I do not care to discuss my private affairs in the newspapers. If I have made any such shipments, it is a matter of private business. The constitutional government of Chile is on friendly terms with the United States, and it is perfectly in order for any commercial house to make shipments to any recog nised constitutional government. Of course, if any vessel is to be sent out with arms for the insurgents, they not having been recognized as belligerents, it would be a violation of the neutrality laws. But shipments of arms to a con stitutional government, is just as lawful as the shipment of provisions." BRITISH BACKING FOR THE REBELS. San Francisco, May 7. —Seflor Casa nova, former Chilean consul, says: "It will be found that British money is the mainstay of the insurgents against our government. The British want to ob tain control of the nitrate deposits, and President Balmaceda worked for the Denefit of the Chilean government. THE NITRATE KING'S DENIAL. London, May 7. —In an interview to day, Sol. North, the "nitrate king," said it was absolutely untrue that he supported either party in the Chilean conflict. He said: "If the bank of Tarapaca has been drawn upon in pay ment of drafts, issued in payment of supplies purchased for the Itata, or for any other vessel, the drafts were issued merely in the ordinary course of busi ness." AT SANTIAGO. An Attempt to Assassinate Cabinet Min isters—Peace Overtures Rejected. Valparaiso, May 7. — Much excite ment was caused here today by an at tempt to assassinate leading members of the cabinet. The person engaged in the plot sought to take the lives of the ministers by the means of a bomb thrown at the intended victims in the street. President Balmaceda rejected the de mand of delegates from the congres sional or insurgent party, who had been trying to come to some understanding with the president, by which the civil war might be brought to a termination. Therefore a complete rupture exists in the peace negotiations, and it appears that the struggle must be renewed and fought out until one or the other is,utterly crushed. Balmaceda has given notice of the withdrawal of bank notes, tbe with drawal to take place at the rate of 10 per cent monthly. He also demands that all import duties shall be paid in silver. A suit with an artistic cut and fit, first-class workmanship and linings, can be had at H. A. GeU, 125 W. Third at. WE SELL 11l OUTER CLOW! 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