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VOL. 36.—N0. 21.
A Note to Pauncefote on the
Bering Sea Question.
Salisbury Taken to Task for
Assuming Too Much.
Uncle Sam Has Not Receded From
His Former Position.
Six Question* Submitted by the President
Upon Which He is Willing to
Associated Press Dispatches.
Washington, May 7.—Another note
from Secretary Blame to Sir Julian
Pauncefote, under date April 14th, is
made public. It says in part:
"The modifications which Lord Salis
bury suggests in the questions for arbi
tration', do not wholly meet the views
of the president, hut the president
changes the text of the third and fifth,
in bucli a manner, it ia hoped, as will
result in an agreement between the two
governments. While Lord' Salisbury
suggests a different mode of procedure
from that embodied in the sixth ques
tion, the president does not understand
him actually to object to the question,
and therefore assumes it is agreed.
"the six questions
now proposed by the president are:
"First —What exclusive jurisdiction
in Bering sea, and what exclusive rights
in the seal fisheries, therein, did Russia
assert and exercise up to the time of the
cession of Alaska to the United States?
"Second —How far were those claims
conceded by Great Britain ?
"Third—Was the Bering sea included
in the phrase 'Pacific ocean,' used in the
treaty of 1825 between Great Britain and
Russia, and what rights, if any, in Ber
ing sea were held and exclusively exer
cised by Russia after said treaty?
"Fourth —Did not all the rights of
Russia pasß unimpaired to the United
States under the treaty of 1867 ?
"Fifth—Has the United States any
right, and if so, what right of protection
or property in the fur seals frequenting
the islands of the United States in tho
Bering sea, when such seals are found
outside the ordinary three-mile limit?
"Sixth—lf the determination of the
foregoing questions shall leave the sub
ject in such posit ion that the concur
rence of Great Britain is necessary in
prescribing regulations for the killing of
fur seal in any part of the waters of
Bering sea, then it shall be further de
termined: (1.) How far, if at. all, out
side the ordinary territorial limit, it ia
necessary the United States should ex
ercise exclttsive jurisdiction, in order to
protect tbe seal for the time living upon
islands of the United States, and feed
ing therefrom; (2.) Whether a closed
season, during which the killing of seals
in the waters of Bering sea, outside the
ordinary territorial limits, shalUJre pro
hibited, is necessary to save the seal
fishing industry, so valuable and im
portant to mankind, from deterioration
or destruction, and if so, (3) What
months or parts of months should be
included in such season, and over what
waters it should extend.
"The president does not object to an
additional question respecting alleged
damage to English ships, if the condi
tion can be added that if the United
States shall prevail in the arbitration,
all seals taken by Canadian vessels dur
ing the period, shall be paid for at the
ordinary price for which the skins are
AS TO THE MAKE CI.AUSUM.
In Lord Salisbury's dispatch of Feb
ruary 21st, he makes the declaration
that it is now quite clear that the ad
visors of the president do not claim that
the Bering sea is a mare clausum, and in
deed repudiate that contention in ex
press terms. On this subject Mr.
"Lord Salisbury's expression is in
form to imply that the United States
has hitherto been resting its contention
upon the fact that the Bering sea was
a mare clausum. If that was the inten
tion it would have been well for his
lordship to specify wherin the United
States ever made suoh assertion.
"Lord Salisbury complains that I did
not deal with certain protests of Lord
Londonderry and the Duke of Welling
ton in 1822. In my dispatch of Decem
ber 17th I especially dealt with them;.
maintained, and, I think, proved from
the text that there was not a single
word in those protests referring to the
Bering sea, but that they referred, in the
language of the Duke of Wellington.only
to lands 'extending alorg the shores of
the Pacific ocean from latitude 40 and to
latitude 60 degrees north.' In Lord
Londonderry's p otests he alludes to
matters in dispute as especially con
nected with the territorial rights of the
Russian crown on the northwest coast of
America, bordering on the Pacific ocean,
and tbe commerce and navigation of his
imperial majesty's subjects in the seas
adjacent thereto. Both protests referred
to the territory south of the Alaskan
peninsula, bordering on the Pacific, and
geographically shut out from the Bering
"In Lord Salisbury's judgment the
contention of the United States now
rests wholly upon the ukase of 1821, by
the emperor of Russia. The United
States has at no time rested its argu
ment solely on the ground mentioned,
and this government regrets that Lord
Salisbury should have so misapprehend
ed the American position as to the limit
of its basis of right in the Bering sea, to
the ukase of 1821.
THE THREE-MILE LIMIT.
"The United States has, among other
grounds, insisted, without recurring to
any of its inherited superior rights in
Alaska, that this government has as full
authority for going beyond the three
mile limit in case of proved authority as
Great Britain possesses. Two or three
instances of the power which Great
Britain exercises beyond the three-mile
line have already been quoted, but have
failed thus far to receive comment or
explanation from Lord Salisbury.
Another case can be cited, perhaps still
more to the point. In 1889—only two
LOS ANGELES HERALD.
years ago —the British parliament en
acted a law, the effect of which is fully
shown by a map enclosed herewith. Far
outside the three-mile line, the parlia
ment of Great Britain haa attempted to
control a body of water situated beyond
the northeastern section of Scotland,
2700 square miles in extent, and to
direct that certain methods of fishing
shall rot be used within the great body
of water under a prescribed penalty.
The prohibition is not alone against
Britisn subjects, but against 'any per
' SAUCE HOB THE GOOSE, ETC.
Secretary Blame quotes from the par
liamentary act in question, and adds:
"If Great Britain may thus control an
area of 2700 square milea of ocean on
the coast of Scotland, why may not the
United States prescribe a space around
tbe Pribyloff islands in which similar
prohibitions may be enforced? It must
not escape the observation that the area
of water outside the three-mile line of
Scotland, whose control ia assumed by
Great Britain, is as large as would be
found inside a line drawn from Cape
Cod to Portland harbor.
"Lord Salisbury reasserts his conten
tion that the words 'Pacific ocean,' at
the time of the treaty between Russia
and Great Britain, did include the Be
ring sea. Undoubtedly the Pacific ocean
includes the Bering sea in the same
sense thut the Atlantic ocean includes
the Gulf of Mexico, and yet it would bo
regarded a very inaccurate statement to
say that the Mississippi river flaws into
the Atlantic ocean.
NOT A QUESTION OK GEOGRAPHY.
"In point of fact, therefore, according
to the usage of the word, there is no dis
pute of any consequence on the geo
graphical points under consideration.
The historical point is the one at issue.
"An explanatory note from Russia,
on file in the state department, especial
ly referred to in John Quincv Adams'
diary, and quoted in my note of Decem
ber 17th, last, plainly drawee distinction
between the Pacific ocean on the one
hand, and the sea of Okhotsk, the sea of
Kamtschatka and the Icy sea on the
other, and so long as Russia drew that
distinction, it must apply to and abso
lutely decide all contentions between
the two countries, so far as the waters of
the Bering sea arc concerned.
SALISBURY IN ERROR.
"In the opinion of tbe president, Lord
Salisbury is wholly and strangely in
errorin making thefollowingstatement:
'Nor do they (the advisors of the presi
dent), rely as a justification for the
seizure of British ships in the open sea,
upon the contention that the interests
of the seal fisheries give the United
States government any right for that
purpose, which, according to the inter
national law, it would not otherwise
"The government of the United States
has steadily held just the reverse of the
Fosition Lord Salisbury imputes to it.
t holds that the ownership of the
islands upon which the seals breed;
that the habit of the seals in regularly
resorting thither and rearing their
young thereon; that their going out
from the islands in search of food and
regularly returning thereto, and all tbe
facts and incidents of their relation to
the islands, give to the United States a
property interest therein; that this
property interest was claimed and exer
cised by Russia; that England recog
nized this property interest, so far as
recognition is implied, by abstaining'
from all interference with it during the
whole period of Russia's ownership, and
during the first nineteen • years of the
sovereignity of the United States. It is
yet to be determined whether the law
less intrusion of Canadian vessels, in
1886 and subsequent years, has changed
tbe law and equity of the case thereto
BLAINE KEPT BUSY.
Ample Opportunity for Jingo to Exercise
Washington, May 7. —There is a vast
accumulation of matters requiring at
tention from the state department, just
now, and Secretary Blame will probably
be a very busy man during the summer.
The recent events in the Chilean
situation have added complexity to the
affairs, and there is now a long docket of
unsolved diplomatic problems, aj fol
lows : The Italian and Bering sea com
plications ; Canadian reciprocity and
the Newfoundland fisheries nego
tiations ; the Chilean troubles;
the Spanish agreement; the Ven
ezuelan treaty; the Haytian coaling
station ; the refusal of China to receive
our minister; the tiouble over the fail
ure of the consul at Victoria to toast
the queen, and quite a number of minor
matters, including the claim of the Bar
ARRESTED IN LOS ANGELES.
Henry Long- Wanted at Red Bluff on the
Charge of Murder.
Red Bluff, Cal., May 7.—News has
been received of the arrest of Henry
Long in Lob Angeles, today, tor com
plicity in the murder of Oscar Crandall,
on April 24th. It will be remembered
that Rube Mitchell, Frank Hughes,
Charles Boyden and Long were arrested
for the murder. Long was subsequently
released, and Boyden stated at the cor
oner's inquest that Long had confessed
the crime to him. Public opinion here
ia strongly against Mitchell, and none of
the officials think Long committed the
murder, but his presence will speedily
fix the guilt where it belongs, so every
one hopes. Sheriff Fish started tonight
to bring Long to this place.
The Opposition Against Maxwell.
Chicago, May 7. —Considerable oppo
sition is developed to the confirmation
of the appointment of Walter Maxwell,
of California, as chief of the. horticul
tural bureau of the world's fair. A dele
gation is here from New York,
representing New York, Penn
sylvania and New England societies,
to join the other "kickers" in protesting
againat his confirmation. They assert
that Maxwell is not qualified for the po
sition, and has not sufficient knowl
edge of horticulture. A local paper says
strenuous opposition has also developed
in a portion of Southern California, Ma
xwell's own locality.
A Victory for Colombia.
Washington, May 7. —The queen re
gent of Spain, having been appointed
umpire in the dispute between Colom
bia and Venezuela, over the boundary
lines between those republics, has ren
dered a decicion in favor of Colombia.
It gives Colombia the whole of Goajiro,
San Fauatino and Arama territories.
FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 8, 1891. —TEN PAGES-
THE ITATA'S ESCAPE.
Deputy Spaulding Dropped
at Ballast Point.
Queer Conduct on the Part ot
He Tells a Blood-Curdling Story
About His Captivity.
The Cruiser Charleston Ordered In Pur
suit of the Pirate Craft—lnter
Associated Press Dispatches.
San Dieoo, May 7. —The sudden de
parture of the Chilean steamer Itata
last evening, and subsequent develop
ments, caused considerable excitement
in this city today. Deputy Marshal
Spencet, whose real name is Spaulding,
was put off at Ballast point, and re
turned to the city last night, concealing
his identity until today.
DEPUTY SPAULDING'S STORY.
Deputy Spaulding says the first in
timation he had of the vessel's prepara
tions to leave was hasty movements on
the part of the crew, and when the cap
tain invited hira to his cabin from the
dining-room, he was suprised to find the
steamer under full headway. He then
made the following statement:
"Going into the captain's cabin, I was
joined by three of the passengers. They
exhibited revolvers and asked me if I
was armed, Captain Manzeum acting as
spokesman. He then said: 'I have
contraband goods on board, and it ia
life or death with me.' He then, point
ing his fingers to his throat, eaid: 'See,
this ia what it means.'
"I was so dumbfounded that I could
not answer. He then called two of the
Chilean crew and they stood guard near
the door, each armed with revolvers and
a rifle. He then told me not to be
alarmed, but that if I went out of the
cabin during his absence, he would not
be responsible for what would happen ;
telling me also that if I attempted to
give a sign to jump overboard, he would
not be responsible for the result.
CHANGED TO A MAN-OF-WAR.
"About this time I noticed them lifting
out of the hold four small steel cannon,
which they immediately thereafter
placed irs position on the upper deck—
three of them on the forward part of the
vessel and one after—all four of which
guns they loaded in my presence. The
captain then stated that he intended
putting me off at Ballast, point. He
then led me out of the cabin, followed
by -his companions, each taking their
revolvers. On teaching the bridge I
found on the deck below 100 Chileans,
all armed to the 'teeth, each having a
repeating rifle and a revolver, and
dressed in a uniform consisting of red
caps and jackets. The captain laughed
and said: 'See, we have changed to a
SPAULDING'S PROTESTS UNHEEDED.
"I looked at the pilot and said: 'Are
you going to guide the ship?'
"The captain spoke up and said: 'No,'
exhibiting a revolver, 'this is going to
"By this time we were nearing the
entrance to the harbor, and the captain
gave orders to the crew to put over a
ladder which ho escorted me to, and
said: 'You must excuse me for putting
you to this annoyance, as I am not in
command of this ship.'
"The Itata then passed out the bay,
Mr. Spaulding said he protested very
vigorously to being made a prisoner dur
ing the passage of the vessel out of the
harbor, and also to leaving the ship
while in possession of the United Statea
government, but they paid no atten
tion to his protest, and kept him pris
oner until they arrived at the spot
where they intended to put him off.
DESERTERS FROM THE ITATA.
Two deserters from the Chilean
steamer Itata were seen today, and in an
interview stated that being tired of atay
ing aboard, they got away, intending to
try their luck on the North American
continent. They say positively that the
big warship Esmeralda accompanied the
Itata as far north as Cape St. Lucas, and
is now waiting the return of the latter
vessel between here and that point, in
order to get provisions and coal.
It waa learned further that Captain
Mauzeum is only employed to navigate
the ahip, and that the real commander
is a native Chilean, and it is he who
giveß all orders.
OVERTAKEN BY A STRANGER.
It is claimed that when the Itata left
the harbor, and when about ten miles
out she was overtaken by another
steamer from Coronado islands, which
fired two guns and passed out of sight,
in company with the Itata. From what
was seen it does not look as if they were
Another statement is made that a
corvette passed San Diego, going north
at 9 o'clock yesterday, flying the Chilean
A UNITED STATES MAN-OF-WAR.
The United States man-of-war Omaha
arrived in port at noon from Mazatlan.
Her arrival caused some exoitement, as
it was supposed she had been ordered
here on account of the recent trouble.
She will take coal and leave for the
north in a few days l .
THE CHARLESTON ORDERED IN PURSUIT.
San Fuancisco, May 7.—The Alta Cal
ifornia has positive information that the
United States steamship Charleston will
Bail for San Diego tomorrow, in pursuit
of the Chilean ship Itata. Secretary
Tracy telegraphed special orders today,
and the Charleston left Mare island to
day, and anchored off San Francisco.
Instead of taking her usual anchorage,
she went behind Goat island, out of
sight. Her ostensible purpose in coming
down ia to go outside to try her guns.
The officers and men have been ordered
to be on board at 8 o'clock tomorrow
THE IMPERIALS ON HAND.
The Chronicle states that it has in
formation that gives ground for the
statement that the steamer seen hover
ing around the entrance to San Diego
harbor is the armed transport Imperiale,
now in possession of Balmaceda's party,
and which left Valparaiso to intercept
the Itata on her return voyage to Iquique.
AN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIR.
Secretary Tracy Will Capture the Itata
If He Can.
Washington, May 7.—Attorney-Gen
eral Miller this afternoon made public
the substance of the correspondence re
lating to the insurgent vessel Itata and
the schooner Robert and Minnie. He
refused to give out the full text of the
correspondence. The information given
by the attorney-general agrees sub
stantially with that received in the
press dispatches. The representations
upon which the orders were originally
given to detain the Robert and .viinnie
were made by the Chilean minister, and
were to the effect that he had : nforma
tion that the neutrality laws were being
The attorney-general refused to indi
cate what further atepa he had taken in
the matter since the escape of the two
vessels, or to discuss the probability of
any international complications. He
had several conferences with the secre
tary of the navy during the day, and
this gave color to the story that efforts
would be made to recapture" the Itata.
THE SITUATION SUMMARIZED.
"Can you take the vessel on the high
seas without violation of the law? a re
porter asked the secretary.
"Yes, sir," responded the secietary
"Will you do it?"
"I have no answer to make to that,"
said the secretary. "You can't skin a
hare before you catch him."
This seems to summarize the present
situation. The Itata will be captured if
possible, but she has a long start of any
• ) AN INTERNATIONAL QUESTION.
Her escape raisea an important ques
tion of international law. The Alabama
claims, which cost Great Britain twenty
miilionS dollars, arose in a similar man
ner, through the equipment of a con
federate vessel in an English port, and
the supplying of men, guns and ammu
nition to her by British vessels. As the
Itata had been seized by the United
States at San Diego, she was technically
United States property until discharged,
and is therefore liable to recapture on
the high seas by a United States man
of-war, or to confiscation if she ever en
ters a United States port.
THE TREASURY OFFICIALS POSTED.
The treasury department officials are
kept fully informed of the movements oi
the Ghilean vessel, Itata, which escaped
from San Diego, Cal., yesterday, after
being seized by the marshal, and of the
fruitless chase for the schooner Robert
and Minnie. They refuse, however, to
say anything in regard to the matter or
to make public the dispatches about the
THE SINEWS OF WAR.
Some Gossip About Who Supplies Them.
Chas. R. Flint's Statement.
New York, May 7.—Chas. R. Flint,
head of the South American shipping
house of Flint & Co., smiled when asked
if it was true that his firm and that of
W. R. Grace & Co. were interested in
prolonging the Chilean revolution.
"No," said Flint, "that story is not true
aa far as our house is concerned. We
are not in it. I don't believe
there ie any foundation for the
belief that any commercial house
ia interested in prolonging the
revolution in Chile. It is, of course,
to the. interest of every bouse having
business with the Chilean ports that the
disturbance should be over as soon as
"How about the shipments of arms
which your bouse ia said to have made?"
"I do not care to discuss my private
affairs in the newspapers. If I have
made any such shipments, it is a matter
of private business. The constitutional
government of Chile is on friendly terms
with the United States, and it is
perfectly in order for any commercial
house to make shipments to any recog
nised constitutional government. Of
course, if any vessel is to be sent out
with arms for the insurgents, they not
having been recognized as belligerents,
it would be a violation of the neutrality
laws. But shipments of arms to a con
stitutional government, is just as lawful
as the shipment of provisions."
BRITISH BACKING FOR THE REBELS.
San Francisco, May 7. —Seflor Casa
nova, former Chilean consul, says: "It
will be found that British money is the
mainstay of the insurgents against our
government. The British want to ob
tain control of the nitrate deposits, and
President Balmaceda worked for the
Denefit of the Chilean government.
THE NITRATE KING'S DENIAL.
London, May 7. —In an interview to
day, Sol. North, the "nitrate king,"
said it was absolutely untrue that he
supported either party in the Chilean
conflict. He said: "If the bank of
Tarapaca has been drawn upon in pay
ment of drafts, issued in payment of
supplies purchased for the Itata, or for
any other vessel, the drafts were issued
merely in the ordinary course of busi
An Attempt to Assassinate Cabinet Min
isters—Peace Overtures Rejected.
Valparaiso, May 7. — Much excite
ment was caused here today by an at
tempt to assassinate leading members
of the cabinet. The person engaged in
the plot sought to take the lives of the
ministers by the means of a bomb
thrown at the intended victims in the
President Balmaceda rejected the de
mand of delegates from the congres
sional or insurgent party, who had been
trying to come to some understanding
with the president, by which the civil
war might be brought to a termination.
Therefore a complete rupture exists in
the peace negotiations, and it appears
that the struggle must be renewed and
fought out until one or the other
Balmaceda has given notice of the
withdrawal of bank notes, tbe with
drawal to take place at the rate of 10 per
cent monthly. He also demands that
all import duties shall be paid in silver.
A suit with an artistic cut and fit,
first-class workmanship and linings, can
be had at H. A. GeU, 125 W. Third at.
11l OUTER CLOW! WM
Under Clothes! :::::::::::::::
::::::::::::::: FROM A HAT TO :::::::::::::::
• • **f • •
WE SELL AS LOW AS J'i [ [[[['~\[ [_]
WE CAN. •
=£ ONLY ONE PRICE E=.
;;;;;;;;;; \ ;;; square dealing. ;;;;.;;;;;;;;;;
Cor. Spring and Temple Streets
Philadelphia -:- Shoe -:- House!
215 North Spring Street,
(Three doors north of the City of Paris store.)
We Have Removed.
Our present store is only one-half the
size of our old one.
ffe are Baflly Ciwfleft for Room.
Our GREAT REMOVAL SALE will
continue with unabated vigor. It will
be pushed for all that's in it.
Bargains are now ready, so great, so
startling, so persuasive, that they must
sell at sight.
Come and see us in our new store. It
will certainly pay you to do so.
PHILADELPHIA SHOE HOUSE,
215 NORTH SPRING STREET.
HELP WANTKD, BIT
- 1 nations Wanted, Houses and
Rooms to Rent, Sale Notice*,
Business Chances and Profes
sional Cards, see 3d Page.
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