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VOL. 36. —NO. 22.
A WAVERING POLICY.
The Farcical Handling of the
No Steps Taken to Head Off
the Pirate Craft.
The Federal Authorities in a Pitia
Remarkable Timidity Displayed by the
State Department—The Desert
Associated Press Dispatches.
Washington, May B.—The question of
the right of the United States to take
the Itata on the high seas is not alto
gether settled. The state department
people are inclined to doubt the right.
The whole question arises from a dispute
as to the character of the vessel. Were
she a pirate, or a vessel of American
register engaged : n acts of the violation
of treaty stipulation, the case would be
a simple one; but she is merely a Chi
lean vessel engaged in the transportation
of a suspected cargo, and there is a grave
A PECULIAR SIDE LIGHT.
Dispatches from Chile today throw a
peculiar side light on the war, being to
the effect that President Balmaceda has
directed that payments of revenue and
other dues to the government must be
made in silver. A naval officer today
pointed out the fact that this means a
good deal, and might indicate a certain
amount of speculation on the part of
Balmaceda, who, as lively as not, is pre
paring for abdication. Such an act
will, of course, be in favor of the insur
THE STATE DEPARTMENT'H TIMIDITY.
In the matter of the international law
involved, it would seem as though the
state department is not in entire accord
with the rest of the administration, for
both Attorney-General Miller and Secre
tary Tracy lean to the belief that the
Itata is a legitimate prey. Secretary
Tracy and other officials this morning
refused to discuss the matter.
THE GOVERNMENT'S ANXIETY.
There can be no doubt of the fact that
the government is exfremely anxious to
exhibit all possible zeal in an effort to
recapture the vessel, in order to avoid
any unpleasantconsequences that might
arise through the presentation of a claim
for damage in behalf of the Chilean gov
ernment ; but the naval officers are very
skeptical of the ability of our ships to
recaoture the Itata under the circum
stances attending her flight.|
THE ITATA IB SAKE.
It is not possible to get a definite
authoritative answer to the question
whethtr the Charleston will be sent
after the Itata. All the information
vouchsafed is that the Charleston was
ordered weeks ago to coal and get ready
for sea at the earliest moment. The
formalities attending the president's re
ception at San Francisco necessarily de
layed these preparations, but it is un
derstood they are now actively under
way. Single-handed, even the Charles
ton would have great difficulty in catch
ing the Itata. The latter vessel may be
500 miles ahead of the Charleston when
the latter starts on the chase, and
a variation of a point or two
of the compass in the steering course,
would soon separate the two vessels by
many leagues, so the Charleston might
pass the Itata without knowing it. On
this account probably, if the navy de
partment is really satisfied of its rights
to Beize the Chilean vessel on the high
seaß,aud has determined to do so,it must
rely largely on the United States
vessels in the south. So far,
it is said no move had been
made in that direction, but the depart
ment may at any moment cable Admiral
McCann who is on the Chilean coast
with the Pensacola and Baltimore, and
to Admiral Brown.who is on the San
Francisco, eomewhere off Peru, to en
deavor to head oif the runaway.
A CHANCE FOR AN ARREST.
A report has come from San Francisco
to the effect that Richard Trumbull, a
member of the Chilean revolutionary
congress, has been arrested there. No
knowledge of such act has been reported
to the department of justice. It is stated
that it would be an easy matter for any
one to cause the arrest of Trumbull on
the charge of violating the neutrality
laws. The marshal is bound to recog
nize an order to this effect, contained in
information or complaint sworn to by
any citizen. In case there is a mistake
and false arrest, there is redress only in
the form of a suit at law against the in
formant; the marshal is not responsi
AN IMPOSSIBLE CIKCUMSTANCE.
The San Francisco story that the Bal
maceda transport Imperiale is hovering
off the coast of California, to capture the
Itata, is said at the navy department
to be without foundation, for Admiral
McCann's last report showed that a
month ago the Imperiale was shut up
in Valparaiso harbor by the insurgent
fleet, and it would manifestly be impos
sible for her to have reached California
in a month.
THE ITATA'S MISSION.
Two Deserters Give a Full Account of
tUe Transport's Movements.
San Diego, Cal., May B.—An Asso
ciated Press reporter today secured an
interview with the two deserters from
the Chilean steamer Itata. They said
that the Chilean man-of-war Esmeralda,
which is now in the hands of the insur
gents, left Iquique early in April to con
vey the steamer Itata to the nearest
American port for the purpose of buy
ing provisions, and to get arms, which
had already been purchased by an agent
of the insurgents in New York and
shipped fc> San Francisco, to be placed
on some coasting vessel and transferred
to the Itata at some rendezvous,
to be arranged later. The transport and
man-of-war sailed northward in com
pany as far as cape San Lucas, where a
transfer was made of a large portion of
LOS ANGELES HERALD.
the crew of the Esmeralda to the hold
of the Itata, with their cutlasses and
muskets, and after the captain of the
war ship had himself gone aboard the
Itata the vessels parted, it being under
stood that the Esmeralda would wait off
San Lucas for the return of the trans
One of the deserters who gave these
facts was one of the marines who lay
hidden in the hold of the Itata, but
after spending about a weeks in those
stuffy quarters he deemed life ashore
E referable to his cramped position on
oard, and jumped overboard Tuesday
PREPARED TO FIGHT.
After the transfer at Cape San Lucas,
the Chileans who were stowed away in
the inner recesses of the Itata knew
very little of all that was occurring.
They did know, however, that they were
prepared to take part in any fight that
might come along. It wag an open
secret on board that they were to meet
the ' Robert and Minnie somewhere off
this port, but just where, they were not
informed. The captain of the Esmeralda
being aboard, they acted under his
orders. He told them that they would
go back on board of their own ship at
Cape San Lucas, where she was waiting
for them, and then sail to Chile.
RATIONS RUNNING SHORT.
Before leaving the man-of-war, their
rations were becoming pretty short; in
fact none of the marines on the battle
ships at the front had any too much to
eat, and the supplies which the Itata
purchased here were to be distributed
'around as far as they would go.
When asked if the Esmeralda might
not have come north after the Itata left
her, the Chilean said that it was alto
gether probable that she had, as the
transport had not expected to remain
here as long as she did, and the officers
of the war ship probably feared that she
had got into some trouble.
* The deserters are more intelligent
than the average Chilean seen in these
parts, and gave as their reason for leav
ing the Itata that they wanted to see
more of the northern country. They
had no cause to complain of the treat
ment they received, either on board the
Esmeralda or the Itata.
NOT IN PURSUIT.
Neither the Charleston Nor the Omaha
Chasing the Itata.
San Francisco, May B.—The cruiser
Charleston remained anchored at her
usual position in the harbor this morn
ing. The object of her visit here is not
definitely known, but has bsen stated to
be a mark of honor to the late Minister
Swift, whose remains arrived yesterday
on the Belgic from Japan, and whose
funeral occurs on Sunday next. One of
the of the cruiser, who was
ashore this morning, was seen
in regard to the story that the Charles
ton had been ordered in pursuit of the
Itata. He stated that the Charleston
had left Mare island for gun practice,
but in the meantime had been placed
by orders of the navy department at the
disposal of the committee having in
charge the obsequies of Minister Swift.
In the event of orders being issued from
Washington to pursue the Itata they
would be in cipher, and nothing would
be known as to the vessel's destination
until she was well on her way.
THE OMAHA COALING.
San Diego, May 8. —The United States
man-of-war Omaha is coaling in the
stream and will sail for San Francisco as
soon as supplied with fuel.
What the Baffled Officer Has to Say
About the Itata Affair.
Marshal Gard was expected home last
night, but did not arrive. The San
Diego Union of yesterday contains the
following interview with him :
The marshal, when questioned if any
thing of interest had passed between
himself and the authorities at Washing
ton in regard to the escape of the Itata,
said that since bis report of that occur
rence had gone on he had received not a
word from the attorney-general.
"But you can depend on it the United
States government is not going to let
this thing drop just where it is. The
cruiser Charleston at San Francisco, if
ordered to do so, could overtake the
Itata within a week. And besides this,
our government has got in the San
Francisco, which is now in Chile, one of
the fastest men-of-war in any navy in
the world. It is not at all improbable
that she will be ordered to intercept the
pirate craft, and if she starts after her
she will get her; you can gamble on
"How long did you intend to detain
"Well, I could not have held her very
much longer with libeling her, and I
think the captain's knowledge of the
fact that a libel was about to be clapped
onto the ship hastened his departure.
In case the Itata had been taken into
the courts, he could not have got out of
here inside of eight months, and he was
well aware of that fact. That is where
the absurdity of the action proposed to
be taken by that meeting of the cham
ber of commerce comes in. If they
wanted to make money out of the Itata,
they should not have protested against
our holding her. If she had been libeled
she would have spent $150,000 in San
Diego, instead of $50,000, before she
CHAMPIONED by a fkiend.
A friend of Marshal Gard was seen
yesterday by a Herald reporter in this
city, and was indignant at the idea of
any blame attaching to the marshal for
the Itata's escape.
"You may be sure that when Gard
returns he will be able to show that he
has done his full duty in the matter,
and that no mistake on his part was
made. How could he keep the Itata by
force ? He had only received orders to
detain her pending the filing of libel
papers, and no order was received to
libel her. The only possible thing that
Gard could do was to try to hold the
vessel peaceably until the libeling or
ders came. If he had tried to use force
there would undoubtedly have been an
extensive fight and a lot of men killed,
and all he would have had to show
for such action would have been some
telegrams simply asking him to detain
the vessel. The sympathy of the San
Diegana was with the Itata, and he
could not have got much moral or phys
ical support from the city. There were
eighty soldiers at the barracks, but
SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 9, 1891.—TEN PAGES-
there were a hundred desperate, armed
men on the steamer, and if the two
forces had clashed, the loss of life would
have been frightful, and Gard would
have had to answer for it. No sir; be
did all he could do. He received con
flicting instructions, 1 am told, from
United States District Attorney Cole,
and no definite' instructions to proceed
to extreme measures from any one.
There was an indignation meeting held*
in San Diego, when this matter of seiz
ing the Itata first came up, but it was
not directed against Gard, but against
Collector Berry, and a petition for his
removal, Bigned by a number of the
beßt people there, has been circulated.
No, sir; the public should not judge of
this matter until Gurd's story is printed.
He is all right."
coming home today.
San Diego, May 8. —Marshal Gard and
his assistant will return to Los Angeles
tomorrow, unless ordered otherwise.
They expected to leave for the north
this morning, but received orders to re
main here. They would give no infor
mation as to what the special order con
tained, but it was intimated that they
expected to await the arrival of the
United States cruiser.
First Shipment of Apricots.
Winters, Cal., May B.—G. W. Hinck
ley, of Skyhigh fruit farm, today shipped
by Wells, Fargo & Co.'s express a ten
pound box of Royal apricots to Porter
Bros. Co., Chicago. He shipped a box
just a year ago today, which sold for 60
cents a pound. This is the first ship
ment this year.
The I ret t. Case Beady for Argument.
Merced, Cal., May B.—The taking of
testimony closed in the Ivett murder
case today, and argument of counsel
will commence tomorrow.
THE BIG COKE STRIKE.
NO APPARENT IMPROVEMENT IN
The Strikers Slowly Losing Ground-The
Region Filling Up "With Foreign Im
ported Labor—Stupendous Losses.
Pittsburg, May B.—Foreigners are
coming into the coke region in bulk. An
operator said, today, he can turn 3000
men into the region in 24 hours, but
cannot shelter them. The peculiarity
about this wholesale importation, is that
the strikers are as firm and unbroken as
ever, today. The labor officials say
there will soon be a plentiful supply of
money and tents for the needy, but this
they have been promising for weeks. It
is particularly noted that the aid pledged
from the Federation of Labor has not
yet made its appearance. The strikers
are losing ground, though the region as
a whole is making a poor showing in
Outside of several pacific evictions,
and one occasion where a "black-leg"
was obliged to quit work by the strikers,
all was serene today . The leaders and
men fire preparing* for a . vig
orous campaign between this and
Monday, and will endeavor to
talk with every worker, either
by mass meetings or individually, in
order to induce them to stop work. The
efforts of this concerted move will be
In addition to the inconvenience suf
fered by the near town furnaces, owing
to the coke strike, a general complaint
comes today from the Mahoning and
Shenango valley furnaces, that are esti
mated to produce one-eighth of the pig
iron in the country. The furnaces in
these valleys shut down last January for
two months, but the coke strike came
upon them just as they expected to
resume, and for five months many
blast furnances in the valley have been
dead. The operators would be glad to
resume, but the coke supply is too weak
to be depended upon.
In figuring up the losses, no attention
has been paid to the railroads that are
really the greatest losers. The lines
running through the coke regions have
missed their 8000 cars of ccke per week,
for three months, while the roads
in the Shenango and Mahoning valleys
for five months have found a falling off
in shipments of millions of tons of coal,
iron ore and finished articles. All this
loss, exclusive of the wages of the men
on every side, and the profits of the coke
and furnace and mill men, will present
figures of loss almost beyond belief.
The ruins of Tuesday night's confla
gration were looted today by a mob of
Hungarian and Italian men, women and
children. No police were present, and
the crowd, knowing that beneath the
ruins were thousands of dollars worth of
goods, eatables, etc., made a raid. Hums,
cans of lard, other canned goods and
everything not destroyed that could be
gotten at was carried away. The crowd
numbered several hundred, and several
fights took place between them. They
were finally driven away by the firemen
still at work on the ruins.
WORLD'S FAIR TRANSACTIONS.
The Wage Question Dismissed—Max well*
Chicago, May B.i-The world's fair
directory this afternoon took action on
the question on the minimum scale of
wages demanded by the labor organiza
tions, by discharging the conference
committee and adopting a reso
lution to ■ have no more nego
tiations on the subject. One of
the directors said this evening that the
concessions of eight hours, and arbitra
tion made by the former directory,
ought to satisfy the men ; that if there
is no question of wages or anything else
that cannot be covered by arbitration,
the committee did not see why so im
portant a departure from the establish
ed usage, as the fixing of a minimum
scale, should be made.
The appointment of Walter S. Max
well, of California, as chief of the horti
culture deparment, was referred to a
special committee to investigate the
charges of incompetency preferred
against him, and to report to the next
meeting. Several horticulturalists, in
cluding John Porpe, of New York, were
at the meeting ready, if allowed, to
speak in opposition to Maxwell's confir
Dock Laborers Strike.
Cleveland, 0., May 8. —Nearly one
thousand dock laborers, at Ashtabula
harbor, struck today against a reduction
OLD WORLD ECHOES.
An Important British Cabi
Lord Knutsford's Newfound
land Bill Discussed.
Action Taken Against the Early
Dissolution of Parliament.
Liberal Strength Not Weakened by the
l'arnell Disaster—A Relief Bill
Associated Press Dispatches.
London, May B.—[Copyrighted, 1891,
by the New York Associated Press.]
Today's cabinet council discussed Lord
Knutsford's reply to the memorial which
the Newfoundland delegates presented
on Wednesday, and the more momentous
question of a period of dissolution of par
liament. The recent series of elections
have afforded abundant proof that the
Parnell disaster has not weakened the
popularity of Gladstone, or of the Lib
erals. The ministers determined against
an early dissolution. In regard to New
foundland, Knutsford, after today's
council, resumed communications with
the Newfoundland delegates.
MORAL LEPERS IN PARLIAMENT,
The formalities of the expulsion of
Captain Verneyand Mr. De Cobain from
the house of commons will be secret.
The recent report of the scandals in
volves seven members of parliament,
not including several who escaped ex
posure, though their cases were widely
talked about. No party capital can be
made, each section contributing black
guards to the list.
In talking of recent developments
with a friend, Gladstone said there was
nothing exceptional in the cases of the
public men exposed; that the impor
tance of the case lay in their being
symptomatic of social and moral dis
ease, requiring vigorous united Christian
action to amend.
Sir Henry James has introduced a bill
enabling members of the commons to
resign without resorting to the fiction
of app'ying for stewardship of the Chil
tern Hundreds. It has been judged as
designed to enable other culprits to
sneak out silently, and has got fatally
dubbed, "the parliament blackguards
BALMACEDA GETTING READY TO ELY.
Private Chile cables states that Presi
dent Balmaceda is arranging to flee from
Santiago and come to London via Buenos
Ay res. The proposals of mediation of
France, Brazil and the United States,
are rejected by Balmaceda, who consid
ers the success of such mediation impos
sible. Balmaceda haß invested a large
iwm on his persona! "account in a London
Continental Churchmen Jealous of Irish
Supremacy In America.
Bomb, May B.—A memorial recently
presented to the pope in the name cf
all the United States emigration com
mittees, who recently held a congress at
Lucerne, begs the pope's protection for
400,000 to 600,000 Catholics, who an
nually emigrate. One point urged is
that national bishops should be appoint
ed _ for America to look after
emigrants from different na
tionalities, as the petitioners assert that
the Irish bishops in the United States
only nominate Irish priests, who do not
know the languages spoken by the emi
grants. The result of this is that Cath
olic emigrants lose their religious faith.
At the Vatican, no allusion is made to
thisj project. Some believe the carrying
out of the plan would have dire results.
It would augment the division among
the Catholics now,when the pope desires
so earnestly unity and concord.
AN APPEAL TO EUROPE.
Italy Going; to Lay Uncle Sam's Conduct
Before the Powers.
Rome, May B.—The Italian govern
ment is about to address a circular to
the European powers, submitting the
conduct of the United States govern
ment in the New Orleans affair to their
judgment. Italy will thus be the initi
ator of an international agreement to
compel the United States to find means
to guarantee the protection of foreign
The Honduras Revolution.
City op Mexico, May B.—The revolu
tion which broke out at Auapala, Hon
duras, on May Gth, one'of the leaders of
which, Bardales, was killed, appears to
have been instigated by Guatemalans
who were angry because of the Guate
mala-Honduras treaty. It appears that
Villavicence, who betrayed the Salva
dorans in their late war, is heading the
A Terrible Disaster.
Rome, May B.—A terrible dieaster
occurred today at Allerona, in the prov
ince of Umbrfa. While a quarry train
on which were many workmen was at
Allerona, a sudden flood occurred in the
river, and the'rushing water, sweeping
over its banks, engulfed the train and
all its occupants.
The Kaiser Sanctions Students' Duels.
Berlin, May B.—ln a speech at Bonn
today, the emporer justified students'
duels, saying they were largely misun
derstood by the public. The official
report of the speech glosses over the
references to this part of the emperor's
The Turin' Investigators.
New York, May 8. —The conference of
the United States sub-committee on the
tariff was resumed today. David A.
Wells, the economic #writer, gave the
committee the result of his experience.
Madame Blavatsky Dead.
London, May B.—Madame Blavatsky,
the famous theosophist, is dead.
A suit with an artistic cut and fit,
first-class workmanship and linings, can
be had at H. A. Getz, 125 W. Third at.
11l outer mm\ HI
::::::::::::::: FROM A HAT TO :::::::::::::::
EEE* A STOCKING.
we sell as low as
=£ ONLY ONE PRICE =ik
• square dealing. ;;;;;;
Cor. Spring and Temple Streets.
215 North Spring Street,
(Three doors north of the City of Paris store.)
We Have Removed.
Our present store is only one-half tiK
size of our old one.
We are Badly Crowflefl for Boom.
Our GREAT REMOVAL SALE will
continue with unabated vigor. It will
be pushed for all that's in it.
Bargains are now ready, so great, so
startling, so persuasive, that they must
sell at sight.
Come and see us in our new store. It
will certainly pay you to do so.
PHILADELPHIA SHOE HOUSE,
215 NORTH SPRING STREET.
"CV)K HELP WANTED, BIT
* uationg Wanted, Hounea and
Booms to Rent, Bale Notices,
Business Chances and Piofea
iional Cards, see 3d Page.
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