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VOL. 36.—N0. 46.
BERING SEA MATTER
The Latest Installment of
Each Side Blames the Other for
President Harrison's Impatience
With the Britishers.
The President* Name Mot Mentioned ln
Important Interviews Between
Blame and Pauncefote.
Associated Press Dispatches.
. Washington, June 1. —The state de
partment today made public the latest
installment of correspondence on the
Bering sea matter. It begins with a
letter from Secretary Blame to Sir
Julian Paunceforte, dated May 4th. In
it he refers to his proposition after the
.adjournment of congress for a modus
vivendi under which no Canadian sealer
should be allowed to come within a cer
tain number of miles of the Pribyloff
islands. Lord Salisbury fearing this
might provoke a conflict, the president
concluded to propose a suspension of
the sealing by both nations during arbi
tration or during the season of 1801.
Mr. Blame refers to the president's
anxiety to receive an answer before leav
ing for his western tour, which answer
he did hot get. The silence of Lord Sal
isbury seemed to imply, that he would
hot restrain Canadian sealers from en
tering Bering sea, and all intelligence
from British Columbia showed that seal
ers were getting ready to sail in large
numbers. The president found that he.
could not, with justice, prevent, the lea
sees from taking seals on tbe Pribyloff
islands. The president therefore in
structed the secretary of the treasury
to issue to the lessees the privilege of
taking the maximum number of 60,000
.seals the coming season, subject to the
discretion of the special agent to limit the
killing to as small a number as the con
dition of the herd might demand.
On the 22d of April Blame received
notice from Pauncefote that Lord Salis
bury was ready to agree to tbe proposi
tion, and Mr. Blame telegraphed it the
president. The latter replied April 25th,
expressing his satisfaction, but instruct
ing Blame to inform Pauncefote that
some seals must be killed by the natives
for food; that the lessees are bound un
der their lease from the government to
feed and care for the natives, etc.
Pauncefote replied, April 27th, that
he did not agree with the president's
suggestions, and expressed the belief
that Salisbury wonld not accept it; that
" the killing of seals must be cutoff abso
Mr. Blame thereupon submitted to
Pauncefote a statement of exactly what
terms in regard to caring for the natives
of Alaska were imposed upon the North
American company by the lease—in
-short, the means of living, facilities for
education, care of health, religious
teaching, the training of old and young
in a community of over 300 persons, are
imposed upon the company by a specific
article of the lease.
"If the company should," says Mr.
Blame, "as PauncefoA says Salis
bury requests, be Wrfeprived .of
all privilege of taking seals, they
certainly could not be compelled to
minister to the wants-of these people
for an entire year. It evidently requires
a considerable sum of money to furnish
all the requisite supplies which must be
carried four thousand miles on specially
chartered steamers. If the lessees are
not to be allowed, payment in any form,
they will naturally decline the expense.
"No. appropriation has been made by
congress for the purpose, and the presi
dent cannot leave these worthy and
innocent people to the hazard of
starvation, even to secure any
form of agreement with Lord Sal
isbury touching seal life. Seal
life may be valuable, but the first duty
of the government of the United States
is to protect human life. In this exi
gency the president asks that Lord Sal
isbury concede to the North American
company the right to take a sufficient
number of seals to recompense them for
their outlay; and after full considera
tion, the secretary of the treasury has
fixed the maximum at 7500 to be killed,
and. that no females be killed, so that
the productive capacity of the herd be
Secretary Blame then renews his
proposition that the governments agree
■ to a suspension of seating, subject to the
above proviso, saying the president be
lieves the propositions are calculated to
produce a result at once fair and honor
able to both governments, and thus lead
to a permanent adjustment of the con
troversy which has already been too
long left at issue.
On May 6th, Sir Julian Pauncefote
replied to Mr. Blame, stating that he
had forwarded Lord Salisbury a tony of
the secretary's note, and had cabled his
lordship the precise terms of the pro
posal. The British minister regrets to
find some misconception as regards the
complaint of delay in acquainting Lord
Salisbury with Mr. Blame's second
alternative proposal. This proposal
(for the cessation for killing), he says,
was originally made to him verbally by
Mr. Blame, and he expressed reluctance
at sending any more proposals to Lord
Salisbury, while the latter's dispatch of
February 21st last, submitting arbitra
tion proposals, remained unanswered,
and suggested that it would be more
satisfactory if this new proposal
(for the cessation of kill- 1
ing) were made concurrently with
Mr. Blame's reply, and he understood
Mr. Blame to assent to that suggestion.
If Mr. Blame had informed him that
the president, for any reason, desired
that this alternative proposal should be
telegraphed to Lord-Salisbury, he need
hardly say he should have at once com
plied with his wishes. But he cannot
call to mind that the president's name
was ever mentioned at that talk, which
was merely a conversational exchange
of views. No appreciable lose of time
occurred, however, as lie acquainted
Lord Salisbury with the proposal by
mail, and received a prompt answer by
telegraph, which enabled him to inform
Secretary Blame April 20th that hia
LOS ANGELES HERALD.
lordship was disposed to consider the
"At an interview at your residence,
23d April," continued the minister,
"you expressed satisfaction at Lord Sal
isbury's reply, and stated that before
taking further steps you desired to com
municate, by telegraph, with the presi
dent. At a further interview, at your
residence, on the 27th, you informed me
that the president desired that the
modus vivendi should contain the reser
vation of the right to kill a certain num
ber of seals for the support of the na
tives, etc. At first sight this reserva
tion caused me some disappointment; it
certainly appeared open to exception as
detracting from the principles of equity
which was the original proposal. I was
concerned at your stating that it was
never the intention of the president and
yourself that the modus vivendi should
ne put in force until the arbitration
terms were settled. This, I feared,
would prevent the timely application of
the modus vivendi, and I notice with
satisfaction that no such condition is
affixed to your present proposal, al
though the reservation as to the killing
of a limited number of seals is main
tained. 1 think there is yet time to
carry gut for this season any arrange
ment which may be promptly agreed to."
On May 20th Acting Secretary Adee
addressed a personal note to the British
minister, requesting a reply of her maj
esty's government. On May 26th he
sent another note to the same effect,
saying the president was anxious for an
early response. "The situation," he
added, "calls for prompt actiqn. A large
fleet of Canadian sealers has been for
some weeks or months on the seas.
They are daily going further out of the
reach of the revenue cutters, which are
awaiting definite orders. Their presence
is urgently needed in Bering sea, and
any further delay tends to defeat
the very purpose for which the
agreement is sought. It is quite incom
patible with fairness and justice to our
citizens that this should be permitted to
continue. Ample opportunity has been
afforded her majesty's government to
bring-this condition to a close by an ef
fective'agreement, but the result is still
remote. The president would he glad
to know that it is near at hand and cer
tain, but he can no longer hold back in
the furtherance of a vague hope, to the
detriment of the legitimate interests of
the government ana the citizens of the
"I am, therefore, directed by the pres
ident," continues Mr. Adee, "to inform
you that orders- bine been given to the
revenue steamer Rush to proceed to the
sealing islands- Another revenue
steamer, the Cor win, is at San Francisco
nearly ready to Bail, and will very shortly
put to sea. Should an agreement be
reached before her departure, appropri
ate orders may still be sent by her to the
Islands. I mention this ln order that
you may comprehend how fully this gov
ernment desires to effect an arrangement
for this season, and that yon may realize
how a day's delay lessens the ability of
her majesty's government to effectively
co-operate with regard to British sub
jects, and tends to destroy the practical
utility of the agreement to limit seal
On the 27th of May Sir Julian replied
to Mr. Adee that he bad communicated
the letter to Lord Salisbury by cable.
"I feel assured," he adds, "that his
lordship will greatly regret any incon
venience which may be caused your
government by the: impracticability of
returning an immediate reply to the
proposal contained in Mr. Blame's note
of the, sth inst. Lord Salisbury, as I
had the honor to state to you verbally,
is using the utmost expedition; but the
lateness of tbe proposal, and the condi
tions attached to it, have given rise to
grave difficulties, as to which his lord
ship has necessarily been in communi
cation with the' Canadian government.
His reply, however, may now arrive at
THE HALE HTJBDIB TRIAL.
The Details of the Cowardly Crime Re
lated ln Court.
Merced, Cal., June I.—The taking of
testimony in the Hale murder case com
menced this morning. County Surveyor
Robinson testified as to the location of
the house where the tragedy took place.
Perry McDowell, husband of the mur
dered woman, said he had been married
three years; had a boy 2 years old. His
wife's mother, Mrs. Middleton, lives
about fifteen miles from his house; he
took his wife there to visit, about De
cember 25th last. She was murdered
January Bth. His wife had received
threatening letters from Hale's wife.
Witness was here excused from the
stand to hnnt up the letters, that they
may be read to the jury.
J. S. Middleton, brother of the mur
dered woman, described the incident at
the house the night of the murder. He
said the family were sitting in the par
lor after supper. Lottie, the murdered
woman, was sitting near the stove with
her little two-year-old son leaning on
her lap, watching her make picture
shadows on the wall for his amusement.
Others of the family were watching her
also, when tbe assassin fired the shot
that ended the young mother's life.
When the shot was heard the family
thought something had exploded. They
saw Lottie fall, and ran and picked her
up. They saw then that she was shot.
Her mother swooned, and it was several
minutes before any one thought of look
ing for the murderer. When they did
he could not be found, hut tracks were
discovered leading to Hale's house. He
testified also to seeing Hale near the
scene of the murder that day.
The "Alta" Suspends.
San Fbancisco, June I.—The Alta Cal
ifornia will suspend publication with its
issue tomorrow morning. The Alta is
the oldest newspaper on the Pacific
coast. It was established in 1849, in the
early days of mining excitement in this
state. In the general announcement of
its suspension tomorrow morning, it
declares that for some years the paper
has been financially an unprofitable and
losing venture, and for this reason pub
lication is suspended.
Trumbull's Case Postponed.
San Francisco, June I.—The case of
Ricardo M. Trumbull, charged with
breach of the neutrality law in connec
tion with the Chilean steamer Itata,
was .before Commissioner Sawyer this
morning. As Trumbull has been in
dicted by the Los Angeles United States
grand jury on a similar charge, United
States District Attorney Garter asked
that the matter be indefinitely post
poned. The court granted the request.
TUESDAY MORNING. JUNE 2, 1891.—TEN PAGES.
AN URGENT QUESTION
The Bering Sea Bill in the
It Passes Second Reading With
Blame's Latest Proposition Received
Russia to Be Consulted in the Premises.
A Tribute to Canada's
Associated Press Dispatches.
London, June 1. —In the commons, to
day, Smith moved that the Bering sea
bill be read the second time. Smith
said the bill dealt with a question of ur
gency, and was prompted by the desire
that arrangements of an amicable char
acter should be made to settle the dis
pute. He was sure that the parties
would agree that it was better the dif
ference he determined by friendly arbi- j
tration than by more barbarous meth
ods. There had been delay in submit
ting the question to parliament, owing
partly to causes which those who had
experience in diplomatic negotiations I
would understand, and partly to the ill
ness of the Canadian premier, who bad
earned the respect of everybody who
had any knowledge of the services he
had rendered to the empire at large,
fCheers.] There could be but one feel
ing, that of sorrow, that a life so valua
ble seemed about to end. ["Hear!
Hear!"] The consent of tbe Dominion,
subject to certain conditions, appeared
to be reasonable, one being that ships
fitted out under the British flag for law
ful fishing in Bering sea be compensated
for loss during the period of prohibition.
Under the bill sealing is prohibited
simply in Bering sea. The effect will
be a greatly diminished catch of seals,
and a great rise in the prise of skins
obtained south of Bering sea. The pro
hibition will continue until 1892, within
which time it was expected the arbitra
ors would make an award. It was not
proposed that the order would be issued
unless Russia also consented to entire
prohibition, within Bering sea,, Com
pensation would depend entirely upon
the actual loss a sbip-ower sustained.
There was every reason to hope for the
co-operation of Canada.
Harconrt agreed with Smith that a
serious misunderstanding between
Great Britain and the United
States would be a great calam
ity. The government would always
receive the support of the opposition
in referring international questions to
arbitration. The Bering sea dispute
seemed above all others to be one Land- '
ing itself to arbitration. Therefore, he
had nothing to say except to express
satisfaction with the course adopted. It
was satisfactory to find Canada a party
to the arrangement. This was essen
Sill (Conservative) approved the ar
rangement, although he thought a close
time for seals ought, from October Ist
to June'3oth, to prevail outside of
Bering sea, as well as within. It was a
mistake to suppose that the seals with
in Bering sea were specially in danger
of extermination. On the contrary his
information showed a likelihood of there
being more seals in Baring sea this year
than for a long period.
Chamberlain hoped the government
would ascertain the position of the mar
itime nations toward the question. He
wanted to know whether the subjects
for arbitration were agreed upon with
the United States, and whether that
power bad withdrawn its startling
claims to the almost exclusive posses
sion of Bering sea. Would the arbitra
tion be confined to precautions to pre
serve the seals. The question of com
pensation was of minor importance.
Still, he could not help thinking it was
hard that this should fall on British tax
payers. No compensation ought to be
paid unless clear proof is produced that
the vessels were really Canadian vessels.
George Osborne Morgan, Sir George
Campbell, Sir George Baden Howell
and Mr. Bryce approved tbe issue of
Sir James Fergusson, under foreign
secretary, said tbe arbitration would be
concerned not only with the respective
rights of England, the United States
and Canada in Bering sea, but also with
measures to preserve the seals. Over
tures had been made to Russia for the
fixing of a close time. Although no
answer had been received it was known
that Russia some time ago was favorable
to such a measure. The government
assented with reluctance to tbe United
States' proposal, that 7500 seals
be taken this year. The ar
rangement was a temporary, one for
the removal of the source of difficulty
pending arbitration. The matters to be
referred to arbitration were still the
subject of correspondence, but the two
governments steadily approached points
of agreement, and he believed the reply
which was about to be addressed to the
United States government would bring
them so closely together that a harmo
nious reference would soon be obtained.
The bill was then read the second
Fergusson, secretary of foreign affairs,
referring to the warning by the French
naval officers at St. Pierre not to allow
bait to be sold to United States fisher
men, said: "It does net appear to be an
infraction of the treaty of 1818 with the
United States, but constitutes interfer
ence with the rights of British subjects
and is an assumption of jurisdiction in
consistent with the rights of the British
crown, therefore the government has
brought the matter to the attention of
A. Fire in Oregon.
Huntington, Ore., June I.—Shortly
after noon today fire started in the barn
of Isenhofer & Cropper, butchers, con
suming the barn and their meat market,
a Chinese store, a dwelling house, and
the new Commercial hotel. Three head
of horses belonging to Isenhoffer &
Cropper were burned. The total loss is
estimated at $10,000; no insurance.
Markham Going to Yosemite.
Wawona, Cal., June t. —Governor
Markham arrived here tonight. He is
on his way to Yosemite to preside over
the Yosemite valley commission for this
WORLD'S FAIR CEREMONIES.
A Military Display Will Be a Feature of
Chicago, June I.—At a meeting of the
world's fair ceremonies committee today
it was stated that Colorado, California,
North Dakota, Minnesota, Kansas, Wis
consin, Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania
will send to the dedication ceremonies,
in September, 1892, the pick of
the states' troops. The committee de
cided to make the military display
a decided feature of the big parade. E.
T. Lee's scheme for a reunion of the
soldiers of the north and south
was discussed, and it was de
cided to make to special feature of such
a reunion, but soldiers wearing either
the blue or the gray will be welcomed
and well treated.
BLAINE LOOKS FEEBLE.
He Gets as Far as Boston On His Way to
New York, June I.—Secretary Blame,
accompanied by Mrs. Blame and Mrs.
Damrosch, left this morningforßar Har
Boston, June I.—-Secretary and Mrs.
Blame arrived this afternoon. Blame
looked feeble and waa supported to his
carriage. He was driven to his hotel,
where he will remain until tomorrow,
and then leave for Bar Harbor.
A South Dakota Deluge.
Stub-is, S. D., June I.—This city and
vicinity was visited today by the worst
storm since 1888. The water was three
feet deep on the main street, and the
cellars and first floors of business houses
were overflowed. Railway traffic is im
peded. The loss reaches thousands of
BRIGANDAGE IN TURKEY.
AN EXPRESS TRAIN WRECKED BY
A BAND OF ROBBERS.
Wealthy German Passengers Taken Cap
tive and Held for Ransom—Chancellor
Caprivi Orders the Money Paid Over.
Constantinople, June I.—A party of
brigands near Tchereskei yesterday
placed obstructions across the railroad
track and derailed the eastern express.
The place where the act of brigandage
occurred lies between this city and
Adrianople. The band numbered thirty
men, led by the noted robber Anastasius.
W hen the express reached the spot where
the rails were removed, the engine tum
bled over on its side, dragging with it
the tender, baggage car and all the
third-class passenger coaches. The
first-class passenger cars, luckily, did
not follow the other part of the train,
bat wtnained safely on the track.
When the train was disabled the
brigands rushed forward uttering loud
yells and brandishing ' guns in a threat
ening manner, and boarded the cars.
Several passengers resisted the attack and 1
one man was dangerously wounded. !
When the brigands had ended their
work of robbery, they seized Oscar
Greger, Herr Israel, a banker of Berlin;
Herr Maguel, a land owner of Bavaria; j
Herr OsckrJCotysch, of Zorbig, Prussian '
Saxony, and Freudiger, the engineer of
The brigands demanded $40,000 as a
ransom for the captives, and Chancellor
Yon Caprivi telegraphed the German
embassador here authorizing him to ad
vance the amount. 'The remaining pas
sengers were despoiled of their belong
ings and then left alone.
A Fair Division of the Honors Among
Chicago, June 1. —Although eleven t
circuit judges were to be elected in Chi- '
cago today, each for a term of six years,
there was practically no contest, except
for the eleventh place. Five Republican
and five Democratic judges, who were j
candidates for re-election, had a complete
walk-away. The eleventh judgeship
was captured by Francis Adams, candi
date of the Carter Harrison Democracy, '
endorsed by the Republicans. The
"straight" Democrats, in putting up a
mil ticket of eleven judges, simply scat
tered their strength.
UNITED IN DEATH.
Two Youthful Lovers Suicide With
Galena, Ills., June I.—Two youthful
lovers, Miss Ida Townsend and Elmer
Foster, living in Rush township, this
county, committed suicide last night.
They had been out for a drive and re- -
turned late in the evening. The girl's
mother went to the room to call her this
morning and found both dead. They
had taken strychnine. The girl's father
is wealthy and Foster was a farm hand,
and it is said the parents opposed the
The Portlands Consolidated.
Pobtland, Ore., June I.—The total
number of votes cast at the election in
Portland, East Portland and Albina, on
the question of consolidation under one
city government, was 11,840. Of these
Portland cast 7165 for consolidation and
954 against; East Portland, 1823 for, 298
against; Albina 1158 for, 402 against.
The total majority in the three cities for
consolidation is 10,126. . An election
under the new charter will be held on
June 21st. The anti-consolidationists
gave up the fight early in the day.
A Million-Dollar Fire.
New York, June 2. —Fire destroyed a
four-story brick building in Williams
burg, occupied by the Brooklyn Cooper
age company this (Tuesday) morning.
The fire spread to a bagging factory ad
joining, which was also destroyed. The
loss is estimated at nearly one million
Mac Donald Still Survives.
Ottawa, June I.—At midnight Sir
John Mac Donald's condition was re
ported about the same, with every pros
pect of surviving through the night.
At Troy, N. V., the grand jury -in
dieted George Dixon and Cal McCarthy
for fighting a prize fight in Troy, March
A suit with an artistic cut and fit,
first-class workmanship and linings, can
be had at H. A. Gets, 126 W. Third st.
SELLING OUT AT COST! I
These are the magic words that are attracting jf
hundreds of eager buyers to our store. An intelli- i
gent public know when they get I
BARGAINS I I
We don't need to quote any prices in this paper, 1
our window display does that for us. We have never I
fooled the public; that is why buyers come to us, I
when we tell them we are i
SELLING dtJT! I
Once they are in the store, the prices do the rest. 1
The piles are coming down. Goods are going fast. 1
Don't wait too" long if you want genuine bargains, I
for the best always go first. 1
GOLDEN EAGLE CLOTHING GO., I
CORNER MAIN AND REQUENA STS. I
(Under TJ. S. Hotel). 5
CORRECT DRESS IS
Of Personal Interest to Everyone Who
Wishes to be Well Dressed.
If you have your clothes made to order come and see us. We will surely please
, you and charge you
Only ci Reasonable Price.
"TAILORS AND FURNISHERS,
No. 113 South Spring Street, Adjoining Nadeau Hotel.
SOME OF THE REASONS WHY
The Mutual life \%mm Company
OF NEW YORK
IS THE BEST LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY IN * THE WORLD,
Because it is the OLDEST active Life Insurance Company in the UNITED
STATES and has done the most good.
It is the LARGEST and STRONGEST company in THE WORLD. Its assets
exceeding one hundred and fifty millions of dollars.
It has paid in dividends alone over eighty-five millions of dollars; an amount
greater than the total dividends of the next two largest companies in the world.
It has paid more Cash surrender values to its retiring members than any
Its total payments to policy holders exceed the combined payments of the
next two largest companies in the world.
It has more Insurance in force in the United States than any other company,
and has more policies in force in the State of California than the next two largest
From organization to January, 1891, it has paid back in cash to its members
and now holds securely invested for future payment $451,370,159, OVER SIXTY
TWO MILLIONS OF DOLLARS MORE than ever received from them, besides
paying all taxes and expenses for the past forty-eight years. A record not even
remotely approached by any other company.
It issues every legitimate contract connected with human life and its policies
are the most liberal and profitable known to underwriting.
For rates or description of the company's bonds, consols, and investment
securities, or life and endowment policies, address, giving date ot birth,
Southern Department, Pacific Coast Agency, Los Angeles, Calif.,
214 South Broadway. Telephone 28.
ALBERT D. THOMAS, Manaobb. GEO. A". DOBINSON, Local Agent*
FOB HELP WANT—D, RlT
nations Wanted, Houses and
Booms to Bent, Sale Notices,
Business Chances and Profes
sional Cards, see 3d Page.