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LOS ANGELES HERALD.
VOL. 36.—N0. 157. A GAME OF GRAB. The Wild Scramble for In dian Lands. Boomers on Horseback and on Steerback. The Race Was Not ia AH Cases to the Swift. • Owing to Defective Supervision by the Government Many "Sooner*" Crept in and Stole the Choicest Claims—Little Bloodshed. Associated Press Dispatches. Guturie, O. T., Sept. 22. —Simultan- eous with the arrival of the hour of noon, the home-seekers gathered on the border, made a headlong rush over the line into the coveted country, and on to the quarter sections upon which their eyes had been feasting for some days, and others for weeks and months. The rush was a mad one. and was made po by the fact that the number of home seekers greatly exceeded the number of quarter sections available for settlement. There is room in the lands for about 5000 settlers, allowing 160 acres for each. There were on the border counting to claim available land, 15,000 people, so there were three people for each quarter section, ft was no wonder then that the rush was a mad" one. Like scenes were never witnessed before, except in Oklahama two years ago. ALL READY TO START. The craze to become owner of part of the new lands caused a strange com mingling of the various elements of so ciety. A half hour's diligent work would have sufficed to prepare a most elaborately equipped boomer for the race into the new country, but preparations were begun long before the hour. Horses were hitched, wheels greased, saddle girths cinched, and everything made snug as early as 10 o'clock, so anx ious, was everyone to be in readiness to move at the appointed time. When the noon hour did arrive all tlie pent-up ex citement fqund vent in the firing of re volvers and in shoutingand singing and cracking of whips and furious driving and running. COWBOYS ON* STEERBACK. Horsemen of course had the advan tage over the other men in toe race, and most of the racers were horsemen. The man who proceeded to the border in a prairie schooner with his family left his schooner, family and one horse on the border, and monnted tb« othei and be janij a horseman. After locating liis claim he will retnrn and direct his pos sessions to his new home. Some of the more desperate cowboys mounted steers, aud the latter going on a stam pede, carried their riders to the interior, while others were unceremoniously un horsed (or unsteered) not fai from the border. , DISTRIBUTION OF THE BOOMERS. The boomers were .distributed among the various starting points about as fol lows : At Tohee, 3000; Langston, 2000; on the Kickapoo border, 8000, and on the Pottawat tonne border, 2000. The allot ment to the Pottawattomie Indians nearly exhausted the lands in their res- s ervation.so that the home-seeker had little chance of locating a claim there. At Langston the negroes were gathered by the negro colonization society to the number of 1500, and they were to move en masse into the Cimarron valley, the most fertile legion, and locate in a bunch. Five hundred whites, mostly cowboys, also had their eyes on that section, and each party made all sorts of threats of taking the land by force. A force of deputy marshals and deputy sheriffs had been dispatched there to preserve order, and it was believed they would be able to maintain peace. A COMPANY OF YOUNG LADIES. One of the unique sights at Tohee was a company of young Indies from Guthrie who had formed a colonization company to proceed to the new lands and settle on adjoining claims. They were mounted on Texas ponies and were attired as near as might be in cowboy costumes, armed with revolvers and equipped for camp ing out. They made the race in a body. GOVERNMENT SUPERVISION DEFICIENT. The government supervision of the opening seems to have been sadly defi cient. The entire government force was composed of two companies of troops (200 men), and the forces of three United States marshals, numbering about 260 men. Of the latter, fifty were sent to Langston to preserve peace be tween the cowboys and negroes; fifteen were required at "each of the three land ofiice, aud twenty-five at Tohee. Of the regular troops, a"squad was stationed at each of the two county seats. This left only some 200 men to patrol the borders of about 200 miles extent. The men were not stationed at regular intervals. ;In some places there were ten and fif teen men to the mile, while at others there were stretches of five and ten miles entirely unguarded. THREE THOUSAND "SOONEItS." Under these conditions it might have been expected that a number of boomers would enter before the appointed time, and they did. Two miles north of Tohee, about 200 boomers had gathered in a secluded spot, knowing that the government force would be massed at the border towns. They all set their watches three hours ahead last night, so their testimony would agree as to the time if their claims were contested on the ground of their being "sooners." At 9 o'clock their watches indicated the noon hour, and they rushed over the border and began to race for choice sec tions of land. "Sooners" at other un guarded portions of the border also were very numerous, and it ia estimated that there are fully 3000 settlers who en tered the land before the legal-time. A MAGIC CITY. Tohee this morning was an Indian town; tonight it is a white man's city of 1500 inhabitants. It fell into the bands of a town site company, organized here by the president of the board of trade, the president of the First National bank, Mr. Joseph McNiell, and the city marshal of Guthrie. A representative of the company this afternoon filed at the land ofiice a plan of the town, and the company's claim. He reports that at an election this afternoon McNiell was chosen mayor. At Tohee the boomers waited until the noon hour be fore making a rush for lots and home steads', and the occupation of the lands there was peaceful. A FEMALE "SOONEK'S" FATE. Among the boomers at a point below Tohee was one woman who crossed the line before the time. A deputy marshal forced her back over the line. Soon afterwards she' again crossed the line prematurely, and when the deputy the second time ordered her back, she drew a revolver from her dress pocket and fired upon him. The deputy marshal returned the fire and shot her in the left leg, just below the knee, disabling her bo that she was unable to make the race, When the time came, the others left her under a tree this side the border. She has since been brought here. SCENES AT THE LAND OFFICE. The scene at the land ofiice here today was a lively one. About 250 old soldiers, armed with declaratory statements, had been in line before the office door for four days past. Some Blept in chairs, some one the ground, and some hardly at all. Their meals were brought to them by their wives,children or friends. The land office was opened at 4 seconds past 12 o'clock, and the first man to present his papers was S. F. Deamond, who stood in line day and night since last Friday. He was almost exhausted from exposure and want of sleep and rest, and as he staggered up to the win dow it was necessary for a friend to as sist him. The second man was J. I. Kalkloch, and the third man was Thomas B. Knapp. There was no disturbance about the office, and business proceeded quietly and swiftly. At 7 o'clock all the old soldiers had got in their papers. The line did not decrease in length, however, as settlers who had located claims in the. new lands began to arrive to file their entry notices. The land ofiice was kept open until 7 o'clock. At that time fully 200 men were still in line, and others were arriving every minute. HIGH-PRICED SUPPLIES. Guthrie was an animated town this morning. Many belated settlers were hurrying around to find means of con veyance to the new lands. Horse trad ers were selling stock, and fanners were soliciting men to ride with them to the border of the new lands. The fare was $10, and the anxious boomers eagerly accepted the chance to make the jour ner even at that outrageous price. The farmers did a thriving business ; so did the storekeepers. They all agreed last night to double the price of their wares, and even then the supply was nearly exhausted before night. ALMOST A WOT. A dispatch Irom Oklahoma City says: It was expected that there would be a riot at the land office when it opened for business at noon today. The crowd which has surrounded it for the last four dvys became very boisterous laßt night and this morning, and it was found necessary to guard the office with deputy marshals. The latter succeeded in preserving peace, and there was no disturbance. REPORTS FUOM THE FIELD. Reports from Langston state that there lias been rioting between negro settlers and cowboys. Two negroes' are reported killed, but no one seems to know how they met their death. Two negro women secured quarter sections immediately adjoining Langston. A townsite company platted a town on a quarter section immediately adjoining the government townsite at Chandler, and every lot has been taken. In South county a townsite has been surveyed, and it will be opened tomorrow. All is reported quiet there, with the exception of a large number of people who entered the strip before the legai hour. The opening of the lands has been re markably successful, and their settle ment more peaceful than any one anti cipated. The rush from here to the border be gan before daylight this morning. Ten thousand persons would be a moderate estimate of the people who passed through this city in route for the new country. THE DALTON HOYS ON DECK. It is reported by Lee Whistle, treas urer of the Sac and Fox nation, who has just arrived here in company with Joe Springer, another Indian, that they were passed on the road, sixteen miles east, by the Dalton boys. The leader of tho gang was seen here at 4 o'clock this afternoon. Guards have been placed around all the banks, as it is feared the desperadoes are planning an attack. Mayor Spengel has supplied the places of the policemen that have deserted to go for claims. He aays he is credibly informed that the Daltons are planning a raid on tbe town, relying for success upon the scarcity of police and the semi deserted condition ot the city. A HORRIBLE! MURDER. The Victim Hacked to Pieces and Fed to Hogs. San Luis Obispo, Cal., Sept. 22.—A horrible murder has been unearthed, which was committed at the eastern border of this county, the 7th of June last. Martin Hemes disappeared on that day, leaving no traces. Within the last few days his blanket and clothes were found, sunk in a well, covered up with stones, fragments of bone and flesh showing he had been hacked to pieces. An axe was found near by, buried in a hog wallow, near the shanty of a pre-emptor, named Jeppen Silvia Gularte, for whom the man worked. The coroner's jury found that Heines had been murdered by Gularte. The evidence tends to show that Gularte had killed Heines by shoot ing him in the back, chopped him up, and fed the pieces to his hogs. Paid the Penalty. Denver, Colo., Sept. 22.—W.8. Davis, who murdered his mother and her al leged paramour, Jas. Arnold, at Pueblo, January 7th, because they refused to give him money with which to continue his drunken spree, was hanged in the prison yard at Cafion City at 9 o'clock tonight. The fall broke hia neck, and he died instantly. WEDNESDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 23, 1891.—TEN PAGES. CHILEAN AFFAIRS. England Recognizes the New Government. Another Revolt Among the Junta's Soldiers. The Turbulence Quelled By President Montt's Cool Head. Balmaceda's Death Haa Softened the Measures Towards His Supporters. * Full Text of the Dictator's Dying Statement. Associated Press Dispatches. London, Sept. 22.—The English gov ernment has officially recognized the provisional government of Chile. New York, Sept. 22.—A Herald cable from Santiago says: Tbe emeute among the troops of tbe junta yesterday, caused by indulgence In liquor, was a trivial matter compared with the revolt that broke out today. Included in the large number of soldiers of the provisional government stationed here are many volunteers from Tarapaco and otber northern provinces of Chile. For Boune time these volunteers, many of whom were drawn into the service of the junta by the hope of rich plunder in the south ern provinces, have been very restless under law and order and the restrain! that followed the occupation of this city by the junta. Thia spirit of lawlessness which has been smouldering in the ranks of volun teers, broke out today. As Senor Mo neda, at noon, was walking through the main thoroughfare he was suddenly sur rounded by an infuriated mob of sol diers from a northern province. They made a great outcry against what they denounced as injustice in keeping them longer in Santiago, and demanded with many threats that measures be at once taken to return them to their homes. Among other matters they denounced was the food which has been furnished them. They protested that the quality was inferior, and declared they would no longer submit to it. As a consequence of the turbulence of the volunteers, Santiago, which has not yet recovered from the excitement caused by Balmaceda's suicide, was again thrown into high fever. The news spread quickly over the city, and it traveled through one street after an other. The startling intelligence was fol lowed by the closing up of all shops. To what extent the disaffection would ..have upread It is impossible to cay. Fur ther trouble was happily averted, at least for the time being, by the clear judgment and cool bearing of the presi dent of the junta, Jorge Montt, and General Canto. Their firmness, coupled with promises to the angry soldiers that their grievances would be attended to, served to allay the spirit of rebellion. These promises were not made in a mere conciliatory manner. A movement to return the<. discontented volunteers to their homes will be begun tomorrow. Three battalions are to be sent north ward by steamer to Iquique and other points. Balmaceda's death, as I predicted, has tended to soften tho measures adopted hy the junta in its conduct toward many of the supporters of the late government who are yet in hiding. The sacrifice he speaks of so path etically will not have been made in vain. With him still alive, certain of his prominent ad herents might well have recoiled from the treatment they would have met had they been caught by the vic tors. Now that the grave is closed over him the fierceness of his conquerors ap pears to be giving way to generous and magnanimous feelings. Edwardo Matte, who was one of -the leaders of the Congressionalists, said today that the junta is not disp/ ed to indulge in any harshness. It pßfterred, on the contrary, to show the.world that the revolution having gained all the ob jects desired, the junta would not per mit the names of its leaders to be stained by* any acts of vindictiveness. Decrees have been issued ordering the local authorities in all the provinces to conduct ihe coming elections without resorting in any way to coercion. Following is the complete text of the letter written by Balmaceda early on the morning he killed himself. It was ad dressed to the minister of the Argentine republic at Santiago, September 19th : Mv Dear Sik and Friend : In con formity with what we previously said, and as you well know I must find a solution of tbe situation in which I am placed, I ought not prolong any further the asylum, which in eventful moments you have so generously given me, and which I recommend to my family as the greatest service I received in my life. The ex asperation of my enemies renders them liable, should my residence be found out, to go to extremities, which I shall avoid by the greatest sacrifice a courage ous man can make. You know I've scorned vulgar evasion, deeming it un worthy a man who has ruled over the destinies of Chile, and more so to excuse the acts of triumphant revolution. I had decided, therefore, of my own free volition to place myself in the hands ■of the Junta de Gobierno, hoping that the constitution and laws would in the end prevail and protect every one. However, with all the chiefs and officers in the army, sena tors, representatives, municipalities, judiciary, the public functionaries in ah branches of tbe service, accused and brought to trial prisoners or fugitives, and I, myself, who alone am responsible before congress, dragged to justice as reoresented by the special judges and partisans of revolution, to answer with our persons and property, all we have done as a government, as if we had not. a constituted government. Wanton arbitrariness has been established in such a manner that I have lost all hope that justice would be accorded. Seeing that the spirit and tendencies of the revolution have become controlling, I do not eeek further to pro long my asylum, which I neither can nor ought to do. lam ready to make the sacrifice. Would to God this sacri fice would lessen tbe persecutions of my friends by those who think in thia way they can humiliate and wound me more keenly. May God have mercy on the man thrown down by the blows of misfortune. As I Wess you and your virtuous wife, I hope my "chil dren will also bless you. Tell Arrieta —he is good and stays near _my kindred to perform the last merciful services without ceremony or any following other than yourself. May you and your wife and children ever be nappy. Yours, J. M. Balmaceda. P. S. —Please comply with the inti mate affair of honor I recommended to you last night, toward persons you know. Attached to tbe letter was another brief postscript, calling attention to the fact that other letters would be found Addressed to his wife and mother, and requesting that they be delivered. These fetters simply contain the unfortunate man's farewell. Minister Egan assures your correspondent that in neither letter is there the least reference to the mo tives that drove Balmaceda to suicide. A LITTLE VOLCANO. The Southern PaWflc's Coal Supply Burn ing at Fresno. Fresno, Cal., Sepfc 22.—About two months ago the Southern Pacific rail rond company began to haul large quan tities of coal to this place. It was piled on the ground for want of bankers. The coal was brought from Wyoming. A few days ago smoke was discovered pouring from the coal; men were set to work to extinguish it. The fire was caused by spontaneous combustion. The efforts to extinguish the flames were futile. Today the entire mass of three thousand tons is on fire. Fifty men have been at work all day, . trying to subdue the fire, but it is yet beyond control. An engine with water cars is busy hauling water with which to flood the coal heap. The water seems to increase the volume of the fire, which bursts out in blue flames where the water is thrown on. Tonight men aro removing the coal from the sides, hoping to save a portion of it. Un less success attends this movement, the loss will not be less than $20,000. The heat and poison ous j;ases nearly suffocated the men at work. When the fire is extinguished in one place it bursts out violently in an other place. The mass is 200 feet long, and a line of Craters runs along the sum-' nm from which blue flames issue. LArge crowds of people visit the novel scene ot the miniature mountain of coal on fire. lII,VINE FOR HARRISON. The Great .lingo Said to Favor Ben nle'a Itenomluatimi. New Yobk, S«!pt. 22.—The Mail and Express prints this special from Wash ington: ■ - James G. Blame will soon after the first of the New Year notify his friends and admirtrs who are now urging his nomination for the presidency, that under no circumstances could he ac cept such honor, and that he is for the renomination of Harrison. This information is given the Mail and Ex press on the authority of a man whose name is national, and whose position as a friend of Harrison and Blame is un questioned. He is a man who has had charge of the northwest for the presi dent, and has the fullest confidence of both interested parties. This situation has been known to the president some time, and Blame postpones his notifica tion for good and sufficient reasons, best known to himself. He expects to return to Washington in October. His health is so much improved that he will go to work at once. OLD FORT SUTTER. The First Steps Taken Toward Its Reproduction. Sacramento, Sept. 22.--Without count ing some preliminary work that has been done, the first real step toward the res toration of the old Sutter fort was taken this afternoon when George W. Murray, Jr., contractor, laid the first adobe brick in the new wall. The old time methods have been followed in the manufacture of the adobe bricks, and "when the struc ture is rebuilt it will look just like the original one that afforded shelter to so many early pioneers. Governor Mark* bam is manifesting deep interest in the matter and daily counsels with the trus tees. . O'CONNKLL'9 REPORT. He Says the California State Militia Is Inferior to None. Washington, Sept. 22.—Captain J. J. O'Connell, First infantry, who inspected the California national guard during the four camps of instruction in July and August, in his report to the war depart ment, after pointing out some defects of discipline, says he does not believe there is another state organization superior to the California militia in the essential features of a military body. Pomological Society. Washington, Sept. 22.—The biennial meeting of the American Pomological society began here today. President Berckman, of Georgia, was re-elected president, and S. C. Brackett, of Kansas, secretary. Among the superintendents chosen for the different states were: Wm. A. Chancock, for Arizona, and J. E. Cutler, for California. I, O. O. F. Prize Drills. Ft. Louis, Sept. 22.—1n the Odd Fel lows' drill today, Canton Elwood, of Indiana, won the first prize for the best drilled canton, Germantown, Ohio, canton being second. In the individual drill. Chevalier Awitz, of Chicago, won first prize, Chevalier Jones, of Indian apolis, second. Dick Chute In Contempt. San Francisco, Sept. 22. —The grand jury appeared before Judge Wallace to day and requested that llichard Chute be cited for contempt of court in refus ing to appear before the grand jury to testify in the alleged senatorial bribery case. A Suit fits well and proves Fine Tail oring when selected from the large New Stock of H. A. Getz, 125 West Third street. SAY, FRIEND: There is a SPECIAL RETIRING FROM BUSINESS Sale at the corner of Main and Requena streets, in this city, where they have pink and blue signs on the win dows, aad the facts are that it is the opportunity of a lifetime to secure Clothing for yourself or boys, at less, yes, a great deal less, than the actual cost of manu facture. The character of our Clothing needs no puff ing. The fact that we are absolutely going to quit business on Saturday evening, October 31st, is con ceded, and if you will drop in, you will find many of your friends there before you, buying and carrying away far more than they came for, and at less and lower prices than they expected to pay for it. We will keep this up until Saturday evening, October 31, 1891, at 10 o'clock. If you will kindly mention this to everyone you meet, drop a postal to your friends in the country and adjoining cities, you will greatly oblige and benefit them, financially, Your, as we should be, Benefactors, GOLDEN EAGLE CLOTHING CO., Cor. Main and Requena Sts., UNDER V. 8. HOTEL, ■ FINE MODERATE Our new Stock of Woolens for the season, Fall and Winter, 1891, represents one of the largest eolleetions imported into this city, selected from the best looms of the world. We avoid the two extremes usually praetioed among the tailoring trade, viz., deceptive cheapness and fancy high prices. Our work is reliable, styles correct and charges reasonable. TAILORS AND FURNISHERS, No. 113 South Spring Street, Adjoining' Nadeau Hotel. , , - ■■■»—"' ■■..»■-. .1 ' .«. . ...■" | ." 'V™ 1 1 ■■ SOME OE THE REASONS WHY The Miikl Life Insurance Company OF NEW YORK IS THE BEST LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY IN THE WORLD: Because it ia the OLDEST active Life Insurance Company in the UNITED STATES and has done the most good. It is the LARGEST, STRONGEST and BEST company in THE WORLD. Its assets exceeding one hundred and fifty millions of dollars. It has paid in dividends alone over eighty-five millions of dollars; an amount greater than the total dividends of the next two largest companies in the world. It has paid more Cash surrender values to its retiring members than any other company. Its total payments to policy .holders exceed the combined payments of the next two largest companies in the world. It has more Insurance in force in tho United States than any other company, and has more policies in force in the State of California than the next two largest companies. It haa shown actual results of profits on policies already paid and on contracts now in force that have never been equalled by any other company in the world. From organization to January 1,1801, it has paid back in cash to its members and now holds securely invested for future payment $461,370,169, OVER SIXTY TWO MILLIONS OF DOLLARS MORE than ever received from them, besides paying all taxes and expenses for the past forty-eight years. A record not even remotely approached by any other company. It issues every legitimate contract connected with human life and its policies are the most liberal aud profitable known to underwriting. For rates or description of the company's bonds, consols, and investment secur ities, or life and endowment policies, address, giving date of birth, Southern Department, Pacific Coast Agency, Los Angeles, Calif., 214 South Broadway. Telephone 28. ALBERT D. THOMAS, Manages. DOBINBON & VETTER, Local Assart*, FIVE CENTS.