Newspaper Page Text
LOS ANGELES HERALD.
VOL. 36.—N0. 173. BATTLE OF GIANTS. Campbell aiid McKinley Try Conclusions. Each a Worthy Poeman of the Other's Steel. The Governor, However, Scored the Most Points. An Imtneme Throng Tendered the Two Rlyal Statesmen an Oration—The Affair Fagged Off Pleas antly. Associated Press Dispatches. Ada, 0.. Oct. B.—For weeks the joint debate between Governor Campbell and Major McKinley had been referred to as an impending battle of giants, and the discussion today fully demonstrated that they are indeed peerless as ex ponents of high and low tariffe, respec tively. The little town was smothered in bunting and decorations. People and marching clubs came from all over the state, and while much enthu siasm was displayed, it was a friendly rivalry. McKinley 's American tin badges were offset by Campbell quot ing American wool at 34 cents, "on ac count of the McKinley bill." The two candidates arrived at noon, and were driven to the residence of Prof. Lehr. The union meeting was held in the amphitheater at the fair grounds. Good taste was displayed in the decorations. The artillery was called into requisition, and as the two distinguished leaders appeared in sight, a governor's salute was fired. It was 1:45 when the meeting was called to order by Rev. Campbell, a Presbyterian minister, and at that time fully 7000 people were on the grounds. The clerical gentleman introduced the two presiding officers of the meeting, Messrs. Van Fleet for the Democrats, and Howe for the Republicans. Chairman Van Fleet, the Democratic presiding officer, made a brief speech of congratulation to everybody, and an nounced that Governor Campbell had gained the privilege of opening and clos ing by casting lots. Van Fleet com mitted a slight bull by alluding inad vertently to Major McKinley as "Gov ernor McKinley," and the Republicans cheered lustily, while the chairman blushed in confusion. Governor Campbell, after being intro duced as one of Ohio's great governors, launched into the debate. GOVERNOR CAMPBELL'S SPEECH. Governor Campbell's speech was lis tened to with great interest by both parties. He regretted, he said, that he had not time to properly present the indictment of that ''over-grown mon ster which, masquerading in the garb of protection, subsists on the wage worker and agriculturist. [Applause.] Yearly, farming is growing more unprofitable. Our commerce is swept from the seas. Under protection the splendid palaces of the protected manufacturers are crown ing the hills while imported Huns, Ital ians and Bohemians are displacing American citizens. We are rapidly approachinc the condition predicted by Abraham Lincoln when he said: As the result of the war corporations have been enthroned ; an era of high prices will follow. The money power will endeavor to prolong iv reign until all the wealth is aggre gated in the hands of a few and the re public is lost." Campbell cited the utterance of Re publican Congressman Butterworth who said in congress, he could, upon the fingers of his hands, count men who had added more to their wealth in the last ten years than had been added to the wealth of all the agriculturists in any state in the union. [Great applause.] He quoted from an eastern paper the statement that when Egypt went down, 2 per cent, of her people owned 97 per cent, of her wealth ; when Persia went down, 1 per cent, of her population owned all the land; when Rome went down, eighteen hundred men owned all the world. In 1850, in this country, capitalists owned per cent, of" her wealth. Today they own more than twice that amount. Yet he who goes before the people and points to these facts, is sneered at as a calam ity croaker. He quoted a gain of 17 per cent, in mercantile failures in the United States for nine months of thiß year, compared with the same period last year. This is under the McKinley bill. Where is that boom McKinley predicted if his bill was passed ? Were it not for abundant crops failures would be a great deal worse than they are. The governor went on to analyze the question of tariff being a tax on the consumer, presenting figures to show that it was. "Now," said he, "when genuine reciprocity comes in.we will have not a little one-sided reciprocity with the little countries of South America, but substantial free trade with Eng land, France and the world." [Ap plause.] He cited various instances of the enormous duties which must be visited upon the consumer. Last week a Chicago firm received $1400 worth of pearl buttons from Australia, and the duty on them was just $3000, or a trifle over 100 per cent.. Did the foreign manfacturer pay nearly $2000 for the privilege of sending these buttons here? The McKinley bill provides that 99 per cent, of the duties on some articles shall be refunded, provided those articles are exported. Last year the Standard Oil company imported tin to this country, upon which they paid more than a million and a quarter duty. Then the United States put its hand in our pocket and presented the Standard oil company a million and a quarter of our money, for this amount was refunded to the Standard Oil company. There were manufactured in this country last year $5,500,000,000 worth of goods. If the tariff on dutiable goods is 00 per cent., it is fair to presume that taking the protected and unprotected industries together, that at least one-third of that Bum is paid in lieu of duties to manufac turers at home upon American products. It is said all this is done for the upbuild ing and maintenance of the manufac turers. How long, oh Lord, how long shall this upbuilding go on? Governor Campbell read a letter writ ten by Mr. Blame in 1884, in which Mr. Blame said the fact was that the coarser descriptions of cottons and cotton prints, boots and shoes, ordinary household furniture, harness for draft animals, agricultural implements of ali kinds, doors, sashes and blinds, locks, bolts and hinges, silverware, platedware, wooden ware, ordinary paper and paper-hanging, common vehicles, ordinary window glass and glassware, rubber goods, coal, kero sene, white lead, lead pipe and articles in which lead is the chief exponent, can be and are produced as cheaply in the United States as in any part of the world. [Applause.] Governor Campbell went on to cite the duties upon these articles under the old tariff, arid the increases under the Mc- Kinley bill. Glassware of the common kind, for instance, which was taxed 40 per cent, under the tariff of 1888, Major McKinley raised to 60 per cent., al though Mr. Blame said, seven years ago, it could be produced as cheaply here as anywhere else in the world. Yet 60 per cent, of the former tariff was added in 1888 to protect it against competition which does not exist. It is shipped all over the world. [Applause.] "In the twenty-five years since the war we have doubled taxation in tariff. Who is benefited by it? What have the farmersjof Ohio got out of it?" [A voice: "Razzle dazzle."] Governor Campbell read from statis tics of the Republican secretary of the Ohio board of equalization, showing that in ten years the appraised value of farm land has depreciated $98,000,000. "The last census show that in the ten years the state of Ohio has increased in wealth $248,000,000. How much have the farmers gotten of that?" Governor Campbell asserted as a fact that not one farmer in a thousand in Ohio is as well off today as in 1880. ["Right! That's a faot!" shouted many voices.] "I want Major McKinley, when he replies, to tell the audience where these men are who have got better wages under his tariff. There have been more than 300 great manufacturing establish ments which have reduced wages since the passage of the McKinley bill, and I do not know one which has increased them." [Democratic cheers.] "I hold in my hand a list of thirty establishments," including Carnegie's, working 30,000 men, in which organized labor is banished. I ask tbe Major if he favors tbe banishment of organized labor from the great factories of the country?" Governor Campbell, in closing, said he understood that the glass manufac tured in Ohio is made by Belgians im ported for the purpose. If he had his way the first thing he would prohibit would be the alien who comes here to displace American workmen without the intention of becoming a citizen. [Great cheering.] MAJOR M'KINLEY'S ADDRESS. Colonel Howe, the Republican chair man, introduced Major McKinley amid great cheering. The major said he pro posed to speak on the question of silver and taxation. On the former the Dem ocratic platform has declared for free and unlimited coinage of the silver of the world, as freely as gold is now coined, and upon the ratio now fixed. The Re publican party stands opposed to that, insisting that it cannot be safely done until the great commercial nations shall have fixed the ratio between gold and silver. The Republican party stands for a dollar worth one hundred cents, whether it be gold or silver or paper, and approves the legislation of the last congress. Tbe difference between what the government paid for silver and the face value of the silver issued, has amounted in twelve years to $67,000,000, which went to the benefit of the people. Free and unlimited coinage would give that proSt to the silver producers. You can buy today the 371 % grains of silver which constitutes a silver dollar, for seventy-six cents. Free coinage would invite the silver producers of the world to bring their seventy-six cents worth to the mints of the United States to be coined into a dollar, the govern ment by its fiat compelling the people to take it for 100 cents. The Republi can party says if there's to be any profit in this matter of money making, it should go to the government. We want no short dollars. There is a general no tion that if we had free and unlimited coinage, we would have more aaoney. Instead, we would have lees, for every dollar worth 100 cents would go out of circulation at the appearance of a silver dollar worth but seventy-six cents. "Governor Campbell said in one of his speeches that I had voted for free and unlimited coinage of silver. So I did in 1877. I voted to reinstate the ancient silver dollar to its coinage. When I did it, we had 8,000,000 silver dollars in circulation, and silver was more valuable than today. We now have 405,000,000 silver dollars, and that is as much as we can maintain at a par ity with gold with the price of silver that prevails throughout the world. In 1886 Governor Campbell voted against the free and unlimited coinage of silver. He is for it now. He was right then ; he is wrong now. He voted in 1886 that unless the nation's of the world by Janu ary, 1889, should by concurrent action fix the ratio between gold and silver, the whole silver coinage of the country should be suspended. He and I voted together then. [Laughter.] He was not willing then to change it. [Laughter.] He is willing to change it now." Reverting to the tariff, the major said : "Governor Campbell does not like pro tection now. [Laughter.] I remember when in a former congreßS Morrison brought in a bill which provided for about 20 per cent, reduction of the tar iff, and asked even the poor privilege of having it considered, and made a motion to that effect, I demanded the ayes and noes, and Governor Campbell voted with me. And, governor,, you didn't want to vote for the Mills bill, did you?" [Great laughter and cheer ing.] "A revenue tariff will raise revenue for the government," said the major. "A protective tariff besides raising rev enue, will also stimulate the industries of tbe people, encourage the skill and genius of American citizens, develop the resources and secure to us, as it has done in the past thirty years, the first rank in mining, agriculture and manu facturing. Governor Campbell says we pay the tax. If we do, why is England making such a fuss about our tariff? Why is Germany crying out, if we pay it all? [Applause.] If you want to FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 9, 1891.—TEN PAGES. know who pays the tax, ask tbe Cana dian farmer who brings his wheat to Buffalo. The Erie county, New York farmer takes his there, too, and takes home ninety cents a bushel with him. The Canadian farmer takes ninety cents, less twenty-five cents. The American tariff duty on wire nails was four and a half cents a pound. We re duced it to two and a haif cents. They can be bought at tbe place they are made for two and two-tenths cents per pound. Who pays the tax?" [Great laughter.] , The major cited a number of other in stances, and said when Governor Camp bell voted for the Mills bill he voted to make the duty on binder twine 25 per cent., equal to one and a half cents, and now it only made it seven-tenths of a cent. "The rebate principle com plained of by the governor, has been in every tariff law Bince the second admin istration of.George Washington, and was in the Mills bill which the governor voted for. The committee on ways and means, over which Morrison presided, presented a report written by that able Democrat Abraham S., Hewitt, rec ommending a rebate of 90 per cent on raw material imported after finished for export trade, in the iuterestof labor, and this very proposition which every Democratic member of the ways and means committee voted for, is in the new tariff law, and is the provision against which Governor Campbell clam ors so loudly." Major McKinley then read extracts from a speech made years ago by Senator Thomas Ewing in defense of protection, j Also statements by Horace Greeley of the effects to the country of the two tariff systems; extracts from President Fillmore's message on the condition of the country under the tariff of 1846, etc.; President Buchanan's message of 1857 on the effects of low tariff on the coun try in support of his arguments. He also quoted President Jackson and other old line Democrats as for protection. "Governor Campbell," he said, "talks about our commerce leaving the seas. We have the greatest internal commerce in the world. The entire internal commerce of the United States ia greater than the whole commerce oi Great Britain, France, Germany, Rus sia, Holland, Belgium and Austro- Hungary. Great Britain's foreign com merce is only one-sixth of our domestic commerce. A single railroad company in the United States, and it passes | through this village, carries more traffic and more tonnage than all the merchant j ships of Great Britain. [Great applause.] j They talk about the protective tariff] breaking down our foreign markets. It has built them up. From 1840 to 1800 we bought of Europe, under a low revenue tariff, $460,000,000 more goods than wo sold to them. From 1867 to 1881, fourteen years under protection,'] we sold to Europe $1,600,000,000 more ! goods than we bought from Europe; 50 per cent, of the value of the imports under this new law during the last eleven months, were absolutely free to the American people. The Mills bill that Governor Campbell voted for, made 44 per cent. free. In the first ten months of the new law, we bought more goods in Europe than in any ten months since the formation of this country, and largely because of the in creased free list of articles we could not produce here. And more —in those ten months we sold more American pro ducts to Europe than ever in any other ten months, and Europe paid us $32, --000,000 in gold aa the balance of trade in our favor." [Great applause.] The major answered Governor Camp bell that he was not only in favor of or ganized labor, but in favor of defending labor at home from the products made by the cheap labor of other countries. [Applause.] He answered the governor's statements about farm values by saying the board of equalization reduces the tax values of lands, but that does not affect the real value of the farm. He made a caustic reference to the doctrine of disaster and despair, preached by the leading Demo crats today, adding: "Thank God the Republican party never taught such a doctiine. Ours is a doctrine of hope, of cheer." CAMPBELL'S REPLY. At the conclusion of Major McKinley's speech, the adherents of the great ex ponent of high tariff burst into pro longed applause, and it was come time before Governor Campbell could obtain order to reply. His reply waß brief. He said he had depicted the condition of the farmer, and the major's answer was not only that he was a calamity croaker, but in the words of somebody else, "You mustn't grumble." The major did not poi»t out, as he request ed, one wage-worker in all this broad land who had his wages raised by the McKinley bill. The Republican song this year is: "With sugar and tin we're su/e to win." They take the tariff off sugar to make it cheap, and they put it on tin to make it cheap. [Great laughter.J But no acrobat was ever yet able to ride two horses going in different directions without falling. The governor aßked whether sugar was not reduced by the Millß bill, and whether in the ways and means com mittee Major McKinley didn't oppose the reduction. The major interjected here that the Mills bill did reduce the tariff on sugar 18 or 20 per cent. In the last congress that revjsed the tariff, he was in favor of reducing it 50 per cent., thinking we might need the revenue, and giving no bounty. That was his position. [Applause.] ' Gov. Campbell resumed that binding twine is cheaper now than before the McKinley bill passed, because the duty was reduced, but Major McKinley had opposed that reduction. When a voice from the audience shouted: "How about) the eighty-cent dollar?" the governor replied that Major McKinley had said in congress that the Republican party had done all the financial legislation in this country for thirty years; therefore if there is an eighty-cent dollar in the country it is a Republican dollar. [Great laughter.l The governor devoted some time to refuting the Republican claims that tin was being manufactured in the United States, and insisted that a few samples were merely manufactured for campaign purposes. Again cries of "Silver! Silver!" broke out from the audience, and the din be came almost overpowering. "The only trouble I and my friends have," replied Governor Campbell, "is not as to the kind of dollar we get, but as to the dis tribution of these dollars among the people." [Democratic applause.] The governor said McKinley had as serted that after his bill passed, wool would be worth forty cents a pound. "The only thing you farmers need now, ia to find some fellow to pay you that." [Great laughter and applause.] At the conclusion of the joint debate the speakers were taken in a carriage and under the eacort of the various marching clubs, driven through the city, amidet the booming of cannons and the music of bands. VETERANS' BANQUET. A Brilliant Gathering of Military and Civic Notables. Chicago, Oct. B.—The meeting of the Army of the Tennessee closed tonight with a magnificent banquet. General Granville M. Dodge, of lowa, successor of General Sherman, as president of the society, General Miles, General Gres ham and other celebrated men were con spicuous ; while such notables aa Henry Watterson, Joseph Medill and James Whitcomb Riley marked the civic im portance of the occasion. General Horace Porter, of New York, responded eloquently to The Memory of General Grant. Henry Watterson's toast was The War is Over, Let us Have Peace, and his words aroused a perfect tumult of enthu siasm. Mr. Watterson warmly eulogized General Grant and in closing said: "Realizing the truth at last, with no wounds to be healed and no stings of defeat to remember, the south says to the north, aa simply and truly as was said 3000 years ago in the far away meadow upon the margin of the mystic sea: Thy people shall be my people and thy God my God." Hon. Joseph Medill responded to "The loyal press in the war for the union." Secretary of the Interior Noble dis cussed eloquently "The rewards of patriotism," causing a profound im pression. A number of other addresses were made. The veterats of the societies of the Armies of the Tennessee, the Potomac and the Cumberland, and General Miles and staff this afternoon paid their re spects to Mrs. General Grant at the residence of Mrs. Potter Palmer. The pathos of the gathering was evident, and the affair waa one of the moat striking witnessed in Chicago for many a day. THE SLEEPING PATRIOT. PARNELL'S LAST WORDS WERE FOR IRELAND. A Public Funeral to Be Given Him at Dublin—No Post Mortem Examination Held—Captain O'Shea Speaks of His Former Friend—Mrs. Parnell Pros trated. London, Oct. B.—lt has now been de cided that the funeral services of Parnell will be held at Glaseneven, a village a short distance from Dublin, Snnday next. The body will arrive in Dublin Sunday morning. It will be j taken in state to the city hall, and the j funeral will proceed from there. Dr. Gowera, when asked the reason for a post mortem examination, said it is to be made at the wish of physicians, and with the consent of Parnell's friends. It was not ordered. The doc tor added that during the patient's delirium, some hours before he died, he talked constantly of Ireland and what he would do for her if he lived. In a brief lucid interval he said : "Let my love be conveyed to my colleagues and the Irish people." Late tonight the physicians decided not to hold the proposed post mortem examination. The remains have under gone a rapid change, so rapid, indeed, that it has been found advisable to close the leaden coffin. There will be no re ligious ceremony here. THE CAUSE OF HIS DEATH. Dr. Gowers, jr., and Dr. William Richard Gowers, F.R. S., both of whom were in attendance upon Parnell during his last sickness, says his death was due to acute rheumatism aud congestion of the lunga. CAPTAIN o'SHEA INTERVIEWED. During an interview today Captain O'Shea declined to allude to personal matters. Regarding political issues, he thought the death of Parnell was appar ently a disadvantage to the Unionists, but ultimately would result in the re union of the Irish home rulers. "At the last conversation but one that I ever had with Parnell, he assented with obvious pleas ure to my suggestion that among his political friends the falsest waa Dillon, the lowest Healy and T. P. O'Connor, and the most contemptible Justin McCarthy. Parnell was never a man of ideas. He waß not an original mind, but he was the most skillful assimilator of others' ideas that I ever met." A PUBLIC FUNERAL. Dublin, Oct. B.—At a meeting today of the corporation of the city of Dublin resolutions of regret at the death of Par nell were passed, and the lord mayor and members of the corporation were empowered to attend the funeral in their robes of state. REDMOND THE NEW LEADER. At a meeting of the Parnellite party, a resolution calling John Redmond to assume the leadership of the party, was passed. Resolutions of deep regret at the death of Parnell were also unani mously adopted. Most of the stores throughout the leading towns of Ireland are closed. Timothy Harrington and other prominent members of the Parnell ite party refuse to discuss the political situation at present. MRS. PARNELL PROSTRATED. Brighton, Oct. B.—Mrs. Parnell is still prostrated with grief, and though weak and exhausted from long watch ing and the terrible shock experienced, she positively refuses to partake of any food or refreshment, and will only see her daughter. Briganda attacked and captured, re cently the railroad station at Paviokioi, sixty-seven kilometers east of Adiiano ple,"killing two gendarmes, A Suit fits well and provea Fine Tail oring when selected from the large New Stock of H. A. Getz, 125 West Third street. WE UNDERSTAND That fellow we have been telling you about for several days past, we mean the chap from St. Paul, who has a record, and whose style of advertising we imitated in our " ad" of yesterday has left town. He wanted a-fight, and we gave it to him, and he dared not reply. We propose now to advertise in our own style, and that is to tell you in a straightforward way what we have to sell, and let the prices do the rest. —BUT fe- If the firm who employed the deported " fakir" wants any more fight, we are ready to do battle with them. WE ARE SELLING OUT! And we don't care who knows it. We are selling Overcoats worth $10.00 for $7.50 We are selling Overcoats worth $12.50 for $9.00 Also reductions in higher priced goods. Big Reductions in Men's Suits ! Big Reductions in Boys' Clothing.' Overalls at 4oc! Big Reductions in Men's Pants ! White Shirts, laundered, for 50c! Bargains all over the House ! We Quit Business October 31st. Time flies, so do birds; so don't delay too long. GOLDEN EAGLE CLOTHING CO SE. Corner Main and Requena Streets, DNDEB V. B. HOTEL. IOS ANfiKLBS, CAE. fine MODERATE Our new Stock of Woolens for the season, Fall and Winter, 1891, represents one of the largest collections imported into this city, selected from the best looms of the world. We avoid the two extremes usually practiced among the tailoring trade, viz., deceptive cheapness and fancy high prices. Our work is reliable, styles correct and charges reasonable. TAILORS AND FURNISHERS, No. 113 South Spring Street, Adjoining Nadeau Hotel. SOME OF THE REASONS WHY The Mutual Life \mwm tapr OF NEW YORK IS THE BEST LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY IN THE WORLD: Because it is the OLDEST active Life Insurance Company in the UNITED STATES and has done the most good. It is the LARGEST, STRONGEST and BEST company in THE WORLD. Its assets exceeding one hundred and fifty millions of dollars. It has paid in dividends alone over eighty-five millions of dollars; an amount greater than the total dividends of the next two largest companies in the world. It has paid more Cash surrender values to its retiring members than any other company. Its total payments to policy holders exceed the combined payments of the next two largest companies in the world. It has more Insurance in force in the United States than any other company, and has more policies in force in the State of California than the next two largest companies. ... , It has shown actual results of profits on policies already paid and on contracts now in force that have never been equalled by any other company in the world. From organization to January 1,1891, it has paid back in cash to its members and now holds securely invested for future payment $451,370,156, OVER SIXTY TWO MILLIONS OF DOLLARS MORE than ever received from them, besides paying all taxes and expenses for the past forty-eight years. A record not even remotely approached by any other company. It issues every legitimate contract connected with human life and its policies are the most liberal aud profitable known to underwriting. For rates or description of the company's bonds, consols, and investment secur ities, or life and endowment policies, address, giving date of birth, Southern Department, Pacific Coast Agency, Los Angelbs, Calif., 214 South Broadway. Telephone 28. ALBERT D. THOMAS, Manager. DOBINSON & VETTER, Local Agents. FIVE CENTS.