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LOS ANGELES HERALD.
VOL. 37.—N0. 17. TURMOIL IN BRAZIL. The Crisis Is of a Serious Nature. President Fonseca Has Become Dictator. Congress Refused to Be Unided by His Wishes. Some Rioting* Reported In Rio Agents of the British tint, eminent Said to Have Fomented All the Trouble. Associated Press Dispatches. Rio de Janeiro, Nov. 5. —The general situation is unchanged. The crisis arose irom congress accusing President Da Fonseca with having unwarrantably assumed sovereign power. The freedom of the press ia suspended. The embargo has been removed from cipher tele grams, but press telegrams and news paper comments are subjected to a rigorous censorship. It ia officially announced that the president has convened the nation to elect new representatives, at a date to be determined later. The federal capi tal (Rio Janeiro) and tbe town of Nitcheron, or Praia Grande, five miles east of the capital, have been declared to be in a state of siege. For months the president has been provoked to take these steps by the proceedings of con greaa, and by the efforts of the promot ers of restoration, to overturn the Re publican inatitutions. Tbe army and navy support the government and pub lic tranquility, according to the official announcement, is perfect throughout the atatea. It ia said the government is ready to maintain order by every means ; that the constitution will be respected and the government will be answerable for all national engagementa. The gov ernora of the leading provinces have congratulated President, Pa Fonseca up on his success in maintaining order. ENGLISH AGENTS FOMENTING STRIFE. New York, Nov. s.—Sefior De Paulo Coelho, editor of the United States of Brazil, and a constant correspondent of the moat important officials at Rio, had the following to aay this afternoon rela tive to the trouble in the South Ameri can republic: "There ia no revolution in Brazil, nor will there bo one. The existing troubles may be traced to the English aud their great chagrin at the treaty of reciprocity recently made with this country. Ever since President Fonseca signed the treaty, English agents have been pour ing into the care of tho younger con gressmen the great injuetice done Brazil and the vast sums of money thereby lost. Thus impelled, the younger con gressmen have carried on a light. When this became apparent to Fonseca, he said to theae congreaamen, 'Go,' and to prevent the sending of unfounded and lying reports, be placed a cenaorahip on the cable, etc. Soon the smoke will clear away and you will find the out come to be one of peace and progress. The markets are opened to America, and England ia, as ever, envious, but dis creet." THE FIGHT CULMINATED. New York, Nov. s.—The Herald's Rio de Janeiro correspondent cables as fol lows : The fight ao long maintained be tween cougrees on one side and President Da Fonseca and the government on tbe other, has reached its culmination. For quite a time there were differences over financial attain-. Measures passed by the legislature were vetoed by the chief magistrate, and changes advocated by the president was voted down by con gress. Recently an attempt was made to curb the power of the chief executive. The fact that Da Fonseca waa a military man led many to fear, or to pretend to fear, that he might proclaim himself dictator. To prevent any such contin gency, congreas a ehort while ago passed a law fixing a process of impeachment of the president. Da Fonseca vetoed the measure; his veto was overriden by congress. As soon aa thia action waa made known to Da Fonaeca .he became very much excited and thereupon dis solved congress. Martial law waß pro claimed throughout Rio de Janeiro and the other atatea forming the confederacy. What the upshot will be no one can aay. Feeling nere ia one of great fear of what may follow. The dissolution of congress may result in the choice of an other president. Da Fonaeca waa not chosen by the people, but by congress. In case of an uprising Da Fonaeca wonld have tbe army and navy solidly at his back. Opposition to military rulers con tinues very marked. All cable and tele graph messages are subjected to cenaor ahip ; the same is true of news agencies. NEWS OF THE TROUBLE CONFIRMED. Washington, Nov. s.—The state de partment has received a cablegram from Minister Conger confirming tbe report of the dissolution of congress and the declaring of martial law in Brazil. The disturbed state of affairs in Brazil ia viewed with deep concern here, in view of the importance of American interests in tbat country and our close trade rela tions with it. There ia reason to believe that the revolutionary movement is being fomented by a considerable party, which seeks tbe re-establishment of the monarchical formjof government in Bra zil. The movement will probably lead to the ordering of our naval vessels to points where trouble threatens. MEAGER ADVICES RECEIVED. London, Nov. 6.—Very little news is obtainable here in regard to the revolu tion in Brazil. Only traffic cable mes sages are allowed by the Brazilian authorities to be transmitted to Europe from Brazil, and even these messages are carefully studied by the officials, ao aa to make sure they are not cipher messages. The latest cable news re ceived in thia city before the cenaorahip was established over the telegraph offices in Brazil, was to the effect that Rio de Janeiro was full of soldiers quartered in barracks, in public buildings, camped in the public squares and billeted upon tbe hotels and other such places. The continued ill health of President Da Fonseca, and political intrigues as to the choice of his successor, are aaid to be at tbe bottom of the uprising. It is said there has been fighting in the streets of Rio de Janeiro, but the report cannot be veri fied. A dispatch publiehed here asserts that Da Fonseca is suffering eeverely from cancer. Little or no news as to the real state of affairs at Rio can be obtained under the present conditions. THE BRAZILIAN CONSUL SURPRISED. New York, Nov. 6.—lntelligence of the trouble in Brazil was received with much surprise by tbe Brazilian consul general here, D. A. Macedo. He had no previouß intimation of trouble there, and could assign no reason for it unless it was because congress and Fonseca could not pull together. BRAZIL'S FOREIGN RELATIONS. Washington, Nov. s.—The congress of Brazil having refused to ratify the plan for tbe aettlement of the boundary dis pute with the Argentine republic, the question has been referred to tbe presi dent of the United States as arbitrator. The bureau of American republics ia informed that the Brazilian government has reorganized the diplomatic and con sular service, abolishing tbe legations at St. Petersburg, Vienna and the Vatican. The government has also consolidated tbe Venezuelan legation with that of Mexico; the Boliv ian with Peru, and Portugal with Spain. The importance attached to the United States legation ia shown'by the fact that it ia elevated to the first class, and the staff of the ministry is increased by tbe addition of second and third secretaries and their clerks. The South American Journal of Lon don, England, says: The business re sults of the reciprocity measures of Mr. Blame are already discernible in the trade of the United Slates. Even En glish companies operating in Brazil, are now purchasing their supplies largely in the United States, to secure the benefit of the reduction of 25 per cent, in duties. TRANQUILLITY AT RIO. New York, Nov. 5. —The Brazilian Minister, Da Moneca, tonight received from Sefior Chermont, minister of for eign relations of Brazil, the following cablegram: "The army and navy are with the government. There is perfect tranquility here (at Rio) and in the states. The government will maintain it with firmness. The federal constitu tion will be respected, as well as all na tional compromises." LATER ADVICES. New York, Nov. 5 (via Valparaiso).— Cable advices by wire from Rio Janeiro, Brazil, regarding the causes leading up to the present trouble, say it seems to have had its origin in a row in-the legis lative chamber. The senate passed a bill to establish the responsibility of the president for his different acts. Fonseca refused to accept what he termed dictation as to his rights by congress, and ordered the troops under arms, which violently excited tbe populace. Bands of govern ment opponents assembled, shouting their disapproval. Many lights took place between them and the soldiers. Riots broke out all over the city. The troops under orders fired upon the riot ers, killing many. Martini law was pro claimed ; a censorship of the press was established, and telegraphic communica tion was stopped. Da Fonseca then made an address to the troops, and finally suc ceeded in quelling the riots. FONSECA IS DICTATOR. The army chiefs then asked Fonseca to assume the powers of a dictator. He demurred, then complied. lie issued a decree defending his position regard ing the senate and the dissolving of con gress. He eaid the dictatorship would last until tbe political revolutions ended and the law-makers learned to keep pace with republican ideas. He disclaimed any intention of prolonging it after peace was restored throughout the country. A telegram from Porto Alegro says the authority of the dictatorship is not rec ognized there. Alegro has 50,000 popu lation. The Republicans say they will not tolerate a dictatorship, and demand armed opposition io Fonseca. They say he wishes to restore imperial rule, with himself as emperor. The navy has pro nounced in favor of Fonseca. Rio is now quiet. It is believed'the revolt will be put down and peace restored at an early day. JUSTICE CORRUPTED. Mra. Somers Gives Sensational Testi mony Before the Grand Jury. San Francisco, Nov. s.—The Exam iner says: Mra. Calvin Somers, who "testified before the grand jury today, gave some sensational testimony. The suit of Joseph W. Reay against Tread well, Butler & Owens was instituted many years ago by plaintiff to confirm his title to a tract of land in thia city, now valued at over $1,000,000. The case was assigned to Judge Walter Levy by the late Judge Edmonds, and Levy gave a decision for the Treadwell estate. It ia in connection with the rendering of this judgment and the rumored expenditure of $30,000 in fixing the case that the grand jury is investigating. Mrs. Somers testified that Judge Ed monds was paid $1000 to assign the case according to the wishes of the defendants. Referring to tbe dis position of tbe $30,000 Mrs. Somers said Judge Levy got a por tion of it, and Chris. Buckles another share, while a third person waa given a large sum. Judge Levy, when inter viewed, declined to make any state ment, further than that the rumors af fecting him had their origin in tbe spite of a few lawyers wbo had lost cases in his court. A SECOND TEMESCAL. Another Rich Deposit of Tin Ore In Ban Diego County. San Diego, Nov. s.—Last July War ren Wheatly located some deposits of tin ore on the eastern slope of the La guna mountains, sixty-five miles east of this city. He has been engaged in prospecting and in making prepa rations to develop the mineral. Today he returned with a quantity of ore which a local assayer says runs over 56 per cent. tin. Mr. Wheatley atatea that the depoait may be traced by crop pings for over two miles, and that nine locations have already been made. A four-horse wagon is now on the way to tbe city with a load of ore which rivals theTemescal product. San Fran cisco capitalists have promised to de velop the mine. FRIDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER (5, 1891.—TEN PAGES. ELECTION RETURNS. The Count Not Completed in All the States. lowa Continues in the Demo cratic Column. The New York Legislature Demo cratic on Joint Ballot. How the railroad Employees Made Themselves Felt In the Hawk eye Campaign-Press Comments. Associated Press Dispatches. Dcs Moines, la., Nov. s.—Late elec tion returns make no change in the re sults announced. The Democrats assert that they have a clean sweep of the state officea and the senate. The Re publicans have a safe majority in the house. The returns on state officers below governor are beginning to come in. The Republicans assert that Sabin, for superintendent of public instruction, is probably elected by a small plurality. In the counties heard from he runs nearly 100 ahead in each. At that rate he will overcome the Democratic plurality on the head of the ticket, which is about 8000. His gain ip the only new feature developed. NEW YORK. New York, Nov. s.—The Asaociated Press gives the following legislative results: To the senate the Republicans elected seventeen and the Democrats fourteen, and in the Thirty-second dis trict Dr. James T. Edwards, Independent Republican, nominated by Republicans opposed to Senator Dedder, and endorsed by the Democrats, is elected. To the assembly sixty-five Democrats, sixty-one Republicans and two Independent Dem ocrats are elected, the latter being county Democrats endorsed by the Re publicans, in the Twenty-second and Twenty-fourth New York city districts, respectively. OHIO. Columbus, Nov. 5. —The latest figures, with nine counties estimated and a few others unofficial, made by the Republi can state executive committee, place McKinley's plurality at 28,486. The Republicans now claim from forty-eight to fifty on joint ballot in the legislature. MASSACHUSETTS. Boston, Nov. 5. —Complete returns make the next legislature aa follows. Senate—Republicans, 2S; Democrats', 17. Houae —Repnblicana, 150; Demo crata, 80; Prohibition, 1. Philadelphia, Nov. 5. —Complete fig urea from every county in the state show a plurality of 58,889 for Gregg (Rep.) for auditor-general, and 33,764 for Morrison (Rep.) for state treasurer. NEBRASKA. Omaha, Nov. s.—Official returns have been received from thirty-nine of the ninety counties in the state, showing a total vote of 35,828 for Post and 35,067 for Edgerton. Partial returns received from the other counties show Judge Post's election over Fldgerton by a ma jority of over 6000. MADE THEMSELVES FELT. How the Railway Employees Influenced the Election In lowa. Cmc Ado, Nov. s.—The Railway Age and Northwestern Railroader will to morrow make a statement concerning the railway men in the lowa election. It refers to employes only, and asserts that the railway employes club did good work in the political campaign in that state. It further says: "The movement will not be checked by any such cam paign outcry as has been raised against it in lowa. That outcry ia only evidence that the organization baa auch strength as to make the politi cians fear it, and it will make itself heard not in lowa alone, but in every western state. It has no party reference; it only hates the anti-rail road demagogues. It chances that the most conspicuously objectionable anti railroad demagogue aspiring to election in lowa this year, was a Republican, and it appears from the returns that the employes understood it. In Minnesota the club is credited with materially assisting some Republican state officials, but in all the states the men most likely hereafter to feel the weight of the em ployes' opposition, are members of the third party." WHAT THEY SAY. London Papers Continue Their Asinine Comments on the Elections. London, Nov. s.—The Globe this even ing says, referring to the elections just held in the United States: "They prove beyond doubt that there is a popular reaction in favor of the Mc- Kinley tariff. The mischief wrought to British industries will help him to con vince the American voter that it must somehow be of good to himself. We should thus make a great mistake if we look too confidently for a Democratic triumph in '92, and for the abandon ment of prohibitive duties." The Pall-Mall Gazette says: "The re sult of the elections clears the field for a distinct trial of strength between Har rison and Cleveland, with a strong probability that Cleveland will win." BOSTON COMMENT. Boston, Nov. s.—The Herald (Ind.) predicts Republican defeat in the presi dential year, unless the party modifies its high tariff views. The Journal (Rep.) lays the Repub lican defeat in this state to the fact that their platform was weak on the school and temperance questions. It adds: "The Republicans needed a lesson, and they received it." The Globe (Dem.) says: "The Gibral tar of Republicanism "by this victory is made distinctly the fighting ground for next year, by electing Flower for gov ernor. New York* ranges heraelf in the glorious line of states to be counted upon as surely Democratic in '02." On the result in this state, the Tran script (Rep.) says: "It is a great per sonal triumph for Governor Ruasell." The Advertiser (Rep.) says: "It is evident from the greatly diminished plurality of Governor Russell, as com pared with last year's figures, that Massachusetts is returning to her Re publican allegiance." Tbe Post saya: "The majority is not so very large, but just think what it means. It means that Massachusetts ia now a doubtful state ; doubtful for the Republicans, but pretty certain for the Democrats." PHILADELPHIA PAPERS. Philadelphia, Nov. s.—The Press says: "The accomplishment of such results in the year following auch a Democratic tidal wave as swept over the country last fall, is certainly encourag ing,. and proves the strong vitality of the Republican party and its principles." The Enquirer says: "Blame could carry Massachusetts next year; proba bly President Harrison could. The New York Republicans want Blame for presi dent, and figures ahow that he can carry the state. The west ia still restive. There is one man who can certainly recall every wandering western state; his name is Blame." BALTIMOREAN REMARKS. Baltimore, Nov. s.—The American says: "The tide which set so heavily against the Republican party in '90 has already ebbed, and ia rapidly flowing in the opposite direction, ao rapidly that a Republican national triumph in '92 may be reasonably anticipated." The Sun says: "The elections, Tues day, indicate unmistakably the continu ance of the movement of opinion which produced the astonishing political re sults of November, 1890." McKinley Interviewed. Canton, 0.,N0v. 5.—-Major McKinley, in the course of an interview today said; "The Ohio Republicans and I accept the result as indicating that this state stands by the Republican party in full faith in its protection principles as em bodied in the tariff law; and more than this, Ohio stands as she always has, in favor of a full dollar and a sound cur rency." CHILEAN CONSPIRATORS. A PLOT AGAINST THE JUNTA DIS COVERED. The Main Object the Assassination of Col. Canto—A Refugee in the United States Legation Implicated—The Itata Arrives at Valparaiso. Valparaiso, Nov. s.—Santiago has been startled by the discovery of a con spiracy against the government, with its center in that city and 'a branch at Bnenos Ayrea. It is alleged that $2,000, --000 has been subscribed to carry on the plans of the conspirators. Sefior Juan McKenna, one of the political refugees in the United States legation, is accused of being the chief party in the move ment. The other principal persons con cerned are said to be officers formerly nnder Balmaceda, but now on parole. OBJECTS OF THE CONSPIRACY. The main object of the conspiracy ia said to have been the assassination of Colonel Canto, commander of the con gressional land force. It is said that dice were cast to decide who should kill him, and it fell to the lot of Lieutenant- Colonel Gandarillas, of Balmaceda's army, to do ao. The exposure of the plot is said to have been due to the fact that one of the conspirators repented of his complicity in it, and informed Bar ras Arana, the well kown Chilean his torian. Sefior Arana made known the facts to the government, Lieutenant- Colonel Gandarillas waa arrested and taken to prison. The police are now devoting all their energy to unraveling the plot. prominent people implicated. Great indignation prevaila both at Santiago and in this city. It is aaid people in prominent circles are impli cated, and that the conspirators to the number of forty-five met at a house owned by Sefior Cullero. The conspir acy had progressed so far that commit tees had been formed to carry out different parts of it. It is reported that ex-General' Velasquez was also one of the prime figures in the plot. Prepara tiona had been made for a conjunction with Balmaceda's friends in Buenos Ayrea. Minister Gerrero has received threats from them. Minister Egan says there is not the slightest truth in the report that Sefior McKenna was engaged in the conspir acy, or that any other political refugees at the United States legation were con cerned in it. THE ITATA ARRIVES AT VALPARAISO. The steamer Itata arrived at Valpa raiso yesterday, and her officers and crew were most heartily received by the population. PRESIDENT-ELECT MONTT. The election as preaident of Admiral Montt ia hailed with much enthusiasm on all sides, as he is popular with all classes. It is believed that with the in stitution of the government, the ques tions jiow at issue between Chile and the United States will be more calmly discussed, and tbat the outcome will be satisfactory to both nations. THE FUGITIVE PRESIDENT. Washington, Nov. 5. —Sefior Claudio Vicuna, who before the close of the late war in Chile, was elected as successor to Balmaceda, but who is now a refugee from his country, left the city this after noon for New York, accompanied by hie sons. The entire party will sail for Europe Saturday. Rooky Ball. San Francisco, Nov. s.—Oakland and Sacramento played a careless and unin teresting game, the former winning by a score of Bto 4. Parrott pitched the first four innings for the Sacramentos, and waß hit hard. Rustin then pitched the game out. Sacramento's errors cost them the game. A Suit fits well and proves Fine Tail oring when selected from the large New Stock of H. A. Getz, 125 West Third street. Ask for the Agnes Booth Cigar. 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