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LOS ANGELES HERALD.
VOL. 37.—N0. 24. CHILEAN AFFAIRS. A Review of Events Since the War. Hostility Towards Americans Explained. The Cougressionalists Have Much Cause for Complaint. The Charge* Again*! MlnUtsr Egan Not Well Founded—Bitter Attack. on Admiral Brown—Brit- Uh Bu*ybodle*. Aiaociated Preii Dlapatohos. •-■ w Nbw York, Nov. 12. —The Associated Tress has received from its special cor respondent in Chile, a series of com munications concerning the events since the overthrow of Balmaceda's government, detailing at length with matters of interest to Americans, and giving many interesting details of events which heretofore have been but briefly touched upon in cablegrams. Speaking of the hostile attitude to ward the United States government, and particularly against Minister Egan, he says the majority of the charges are apparently without foundation, and arise principally from the fact that the American officers in Chile did not give moral and physical support. There is hardly a foreign resident at any port along the entire coast of Chile who did not sympathize to a great ex tent with the cause of the revolutionists. The latter assert that the United States government at Washington was not made acquainted with the true state of affairs in Chile. SEIZURE OF THE IT AT A. The seizure of the steamer ltata was the first incident which aroused decided ill feeling, and the American officers who were in Iquique at the time express the opinion that the revolutionists would never have surrendered had it not been for the presence of a strong United States naval force. CUTTING OF TUB CAULK. '"^^Ci The next thing was the cutting of the cable line of the Central and South American company, near Iquique. The revolutionists refused to allow cable messages to be sent from Valparaiso and other points controlled by Balmaceda. The cable was owned by an American company who appealed to the United States representatives for relief. Cap tain Schley, of the Baltimore, directed that the cable be cut beyond the dis tance of a marine league from shore. The revolutionist ships Cochran and Huascar, were present, but the Balti more was prepared for any resistance they might offer. The revolutionists make the claim that the Americans had cut the cable so Halmaeeda's spies in the northern part of Chili could Bend information to Lima by another cable line, which was intact, and then have it re»ent from Lima to Valparaiso, over the American cable, which had been cut. Consequently, during the last days of the war the revolutionists had come to regard the Americans, particularly the naval representatives here, as allies of Balmaceda and were prepared to believe any report which might seem to sub stantiate their views. ATTACKS ON ADMIRAL BROWN, The more violent attacks, however, were made on Admiral Brown. They assert that he brought information of their landing in Quintero, eighteen miles north of Valparaiso, to Balma ceda. This story and Admiral Brown's letter in explanation have already been published in this country. The corre spondent says, when the admiral re turned to Valparaiso with his flagship, the San Francisco, he sent a cipher dis patch ashore for the navy department at Washington. The officer who took it had to have it approved by the in tendente, and within an hour or two after he had filed it, Balmaceda's troops were moving toward Quintero, and the newspapers had out extras, in which it was published that the San Francisco had just arrived with news of the land ing of the revolutionists at Quintero. The revolutionary press has been very bitter in its attacks on Admiral Brown, and charges are still being made against him, despite his denials that his visit to Quintero was in the interest of Balma ceda. A SUSPICIOUS CIRCUMSTANCE. Much capital is being made out of the fact that some official correspondence between Balmaceda's ministers in Aug ust, has been found, in which it is stated that they are trying ''To get a neutral vessel" to get certain informa tion regarding the revolutionists. In the present state of feeling, the belief is general that the vessel referred to is the San Francisco. The correspondent says there is little doubt that the foreign residents in Val paraiso are assisting in fanning the flame against Americans. SHELTERING OF REFUGEES. In a letter dated October 3d, the cor respondent deals at length with the matter of the refugees sheltered in the American legation at Santiago, and the trouble arising therefrom. He says Minister Egan had instructions from Washington that the United States would continue to give asylum to refu gees until the Chilean authorities guar antee their safe removal to some neutral territory, and further that the United States would not permit its minister to be harrassed because of the pres ence of these refugees in the legation. Captain Schley, of the Baltimore, had also received in structions from the navy department regarding the arrival of persons entering the legation. The correspondent says the order waß revoked after Minister Egan had entered a strong protest, but spies were still watching the building. There was ground to believe that a sim ilar plan was resorted to in the case of the Argentine legation, where Balma ceda was sheltered. The ex-president, knowing that escape was impossible, suicided rather than subject the minis ter to further responsibility. There is no doubt that the Chileans intended that the order of surveillance and arrest should impress on the refugees in the American legation a feeling that they were causing Kgan trouble, and that it was their duty to relieve him. CAUSE OK THE REVOLUTION. The correspondent at Santiago writes that there is little doubt that the pri mary cause of the revolution was the fact that English interests in the nitrate properties were threatened by Balma ceda. Numerous instances developed during the war in which valuable assist ance was given the revolutionists by the English representatives in Chile, and it is a fact that the English residents are now strong in their denunciations of the Americans and misrepresentation of the conduct, of the American officials. The conservative Chileans state that the present feeling will not continue, and that commercial relations with the United States will not be affected when the present trouble has blown over. Those open in opposition to America, however, are very bitter. HARSH METHODS OF RECONSTRUCTION. The correspondent says the methods of reconstruction pursued by the junta are hardly in accord with strict ideas of peace. On the Ist of October between 4000 and 5000 persons who had been supporters of Balmaceda, were impris oned, awaiting trial, and there are more than 10,000 others, including nearly every one known to have been connected with the late government, whom the present leaders announce their inten tion to arrest. The correspondent thought, however, that most of the prosecutions would be abandoned after the election, although they will be pushed against all persons of any prominence. There has been no appar ent effort at reconciliation. The atti tude of the present government has been from the first such as to warn all poisons who supported Balmaceda that they were regarded as criminals. The newspaper press of Santiago and Valparaiso heartily support the new government in this attitude, and since the war closed, has been busily engaged in printing columns of accounts of the "outrageous crimes" of the Balmacedan administration. OUTRAGES FOLLOWING THE WAR. The correspondent asserts that many of the defeated soldiers of Balmaceda were slaughtered on the fields at Placilla after they had been disabled by wounds. The high officials disclaim responsibility for these actions, and for the sacking of houses in Santiago. The destruction in Sautiago was enormous. The most magnificent residences in the city, be longing to members of Balmaceda's party, were entered and everthing they contained demolished. Doors and win clows were broken out and nothing left but the bare walls. Persons charged with having- performed criminal acts umler Balmaceda's administration, have suffered the confiscation of their prop erty. EGAN's COURSE DEFENDED. In a letter under the date of October 15th the correspondent says among the Americans in Chile, ur at least those who respect the community in which they live, there is not to be fon.nl one who expresses any sympathy with the charges made against Egan here and in a section of the American press. Egan's policy, ho says, has been one calculated to advance American interests in Chile. Without any attempt at secrecy, he en deavored to make arrangements with the Chilean government, then repre sented by Balmaceda, by which an in ducement would be offered for American capital to become interested in the val uable nitrate property in the northern part of the country. This enterprise had hitherto been, and still is, con trolled almost exclusively by the En glish. THOSE "IMPROPER CONTRACTS." This was the chief of the "improper contracts" with the Balmaceda govern ment which Egan is accused of making. The most he could have obtained, and the most he had any intention of ob taining, was a share of the nitrate busi ness for Americans who might care to enlist in the enterprise, but there was hardly an Englishman in all Chile who did not regard these efforts on the part of the American minister as a direct menace to English interests, and there has hardly been an Englishman in Chile since that time who has not contributed his share to the general outcry against Egan and all Americans. Minister Egan also endeavored to agitate the establishment of an Ameri can steamship line on the west coast of South America, and was instrumental in having the American cable lines ex tended to Valparaiso. He undertook other measures of a similar nature, and in all these efforts to advance the inter ests of his country, he met with the same opposition, and the same criti cism. EOAN's NEUTRALITY. All this occuried before the revolution in Chile began. At that time many American residents declared themselves more or leBS openly, in favor of the rev olutionists. Egan did not do so for the very good reason that he was accredited to the government headed by Balma ceda. The insurgents, however, at all times admitted but one principle, and that was that persons who did not de clare openly in their favor, must be op posed to them. AVhen the ltata was seized, the English residents started the charge that Egan was responsible for the seizure, although he knew nothing about it beyond what he read in the Chilean newspapers. The correspondent says -Egan was never accused of visiting Balmaceda or the representatives of his government and afterwards declaring openly in favor of the insurgents and expressing the hope that they would win. On the con trary, Kennedy, the British minister, and other foreign diplomats expressed loud opinions in favor of the insurgents. Egan courts the fullest investigation as to his neutrality during the whole prog ress of the war, and some of the most prominent men in the Congressional party now do not hesitate to declare that his position was one of strict neu trality. The English residents and En glish minister, however, continue to circulate annoying rumors about Egan, and keep before the public insulting in [CONTINUED ON FIFTH PAGE.] FRIDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 13, 1891.—TEN PAGES. DICTATOR FOR LIFE. Fonseca's Lease of Power to Be Perpetuated. The Army and Navy Forces Supporting Him. His Warships Manned by Means of Impressment. The Claim Made That the Revolution la Under Control—Advice* From Other Source* Say the Kevolt I* Spreading. Atftoclatt-d PresH Dispatcher Rio Janeiro, Nov. 12.—Reports were current in the city today to the effect that the army and navy forces were making preparations to proclaim Fon seca life dictator of Brazil. The govern ment is securing a full complement of men for the warships by means of im pressment. A press gang is actively engaged in the work of pouncing upon and forcibly conveying to the ships all eligible men who, they think, would make desirable members of a crew. A number of officers have started from Rio Grande do Sul, at which place it is reported those who have taken part in the revolutionary movement against the dictator are now completely under the control of the government. TICK REVOLT STILL SPREADING. New York, Nov. 12.—The Herald's Valparaiso cable cays the latest advices from Rio Grande do Sul, in Brazil, are to the effect that the revolt against Fon seca continues spreading. The insur gents are increasing in number hourly, and the rebels show great boldness. One band fully armed attacked and cap tured the town of Santa Ana. Yuga raon, Santa Victoria and Porto Alegre are said to be the only towns that sup port the dictatorship. All others in Rio Grande do Sul are said to have espoused the side of the rebels. The revolutionists are reported to 1 have raised large bodies of volunteer troops. The plans of the insurgents are not yet fully understood, but it is said they will lose no time in attacking the towns which remain true to the dictator. Their object seems to be to gain posses sion of these places before the arrival of the gunboats, monitors and transports which Fonseca has sent to quell the in surrection. The 80,000 Germans in the state are said to be among the warmest partisans of Fonseca. A goodly portion of them have served in the German army. There are some 0000 Brazilian sol-" diers in Rio "Grande do Sul; they form nearly one-half of all of the government forces. The spirit of discontent has often manifested itself in their ranks. Viscount de Poletas, who is said to be one of the chiefs of the revolutionists, is 82 years old, and was former governor of Rio Grande do Sul. He succeeded Mar tinez. He was a warm friend of Martinez, and this fact be coming known to the new government, he was ousted from office, and Marechal De Frota appointed in his place. He also was a friend of Martinez and was succeeded by the present governor, Castilho, whose loyalty to Fonseca does uot appear to be in the least questioned. It is reported tonight that the states of Bahia and Pernambuco, as well as Rio Grande do Sul, intend to declare their independence. „ TRANQUILLITY REIGNS. The Brazilian Foreign Minister Denies That Serious Trouble Bxlsts. Washington, Nov. 12.—Sefior Men donca, the Brazilian minister here, has received a cablegram from the home government, to continue to deny the alarming rumors spread throughout Europe in regard to the restoration of the monarchy and the disturbance of public order in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro is declared to be perfectly quiet. Per fect quiet is alleged to exist in all the states except Rio Grande do Sul, where the government has taken measures to put down the conflict arising from the struggle for supremacy between two parties. The government will shortly fix a day for congressional elections, ac cording to the electoral law. The restoration of the monarchy is opposed almost universally, and that matter is definitely settled. The minister furnished a copy of the above cablegram to Secretary Blame. He explained that it was sent by Sefior Chermont, Brazilian minister of foreign relations, to the Lisbon mission, with instructions to forward it to the Bra zilian ministers in all the European countries, as well as the United States. NOT SO PEACEFUL. Reports from British Sources Show an Alarming Condition. London. Nov. 12.—Following close up on the sweeping denials made by the Brazilian foreign minister, which as sert that tranquility prevails throughout Brazil, with the exception of some local trouble in Rio Grande do Sul, comes a dispatch from Rio Janeiro which shows that the state of affairs is not so peace ful as the foreign minister's dispatch indicates. The evidence of reports is that everything in the political situa tion in Brazil points to a revolution against the dictator. A dispatch says General Fernandez, who is one of the principal movers in the revolt, has been arrested by the dictator's order and lodged in prison; that discontent is spreading among the troops, and the garrison's stations at several places, numbering in all about 4000 men, have declared against Da Fonseca. The Santiago correspondent of the Times says: Further advices received from Rio Grande do Sul are to the effect that the garrisons at San Gabriel and Para have also revolted against the dic tatorship of Fonseca. The chief mem bers of the opposition are Viscount Petotas, Baron Juguy and Generals Astrogildo and Tavare. The garrisons at Santa Aua and lugurarao, the crews of four gunboats, however, have declared their readiness to support General Fon seca, who is reported to be sending two iron-clads, three transports and a large number of troops to the assistance of I Sefior Castilho, governor of Rio Grande do Sul, who has remained faithful to the dictator. A later telegram says in Rio Grande do Sul the opposition to Fonsaca is triumphing almost wholly throughout the province without serious fighting. V iscountPetotas, Baron Juguy, J. Gugay and Generals Astrogildo and Tavare command, it is understood an army of 5000 men, infantry, cavalry and artillery, and expect the arrival of a gunboat in command of men favorable to their cause. They also hope for the adhesion to their cause of Castilho, of Rio Grande do Sul, until now an adherent of Fon saca. Castilho possesses great local influ ence. Fonseca's expedition sent against the Rio (irande seceders has not as yet arrived in that province. BRITISH JEALOUSY Rcaponalble for tin, Alarming Report* from Brazil. Washington, Nov. 12.—The bureau of American republics has, from semi-offi cial sources, information in regard to the present condition of affairs in Brazil, to the effect that telegraphic and other news coming from or via London, is often entirely false, and generally dis torted and magnified. British jealousy of the increasing influence of the United States in Brazil, and the fear of losing commercial supremacy in that country, are the motives which inspire false and alarming dispatches concern ing political disturbances in Brazil. The situation at Rio Grande do Sul is peculiar, party feeling having been warmly aroused between the Republi cans on the one hand, and the adher ents of the Liberal party, the partisans of the disposed leader,Silveria Martinez, on the other. About one-third of the population of that state is of German descent, and a gentlemen thoroughly acquainted with them, says among them national feeling is much stronger than attachment to the fatherland. Therefore he thinks no secession move ment can be permanently successful in the state. There is a tendency among the smaller states to merge themselves with their larger neighbors, and a clause of the new constitution provides for such ac tion. BEFORE THE REVOLUTION. Affairs at Klo and the Provinces In a Very Panlckjr State. New York, Nov. 12. —The Associated Press lias a letter from its correspondent in Rio Janeiro, Brazil, under date of October 14th, which, while prior to the breaking out of the revolution, contains much of interest regarding the situation in that country. The state of affairs, the correspondent says, is far from sat isfactory. In the last two years the country has been flooded with paper money, now amounting nominally to $260,000,000, depreciated to less than 55 per cent of its nominal value. In conse quence of this depression and burden some taxes, all the necessaries of life are at exorbitant figures, and constantly 'ricing. Salaries and wages, however, have not risen. Strikes and disturb ances, at one time almost unknown in Brazil, have become frequent. Rio Janeiro had just passed through a serious disturbance, originating in a ridiculously insignificant cause, showing that in the irritated state of public feeling many persons are ready to seize on any pretext to cause trouble". The manager of an opera company be ing unpopular, a band of students one night insisted on his coming before the curtain to be hissed. He replied that while duly grateful he must decline; whereupon the students persisted in their demands until the police inter fered. Then followed a wild riot, in which the interior of the opera house was wrecked and many persons injured. Next day the papers attacked the police and speeches were made on the street corners by orators, among whom were some con gressmen and officers of the army. At night rioting began, and many persons were wounded, twoor more being killed. The army seemed in a great meas ure to sympathize with the people against the police. The rioting con tinued until next day, but the excite ment then quieted down. The corre spondent predicts, however, that there will be more rioting soon, both in Rio Janeiro and elsewhere. Indeed, it was reported at the date of his letter, that the people of Amazonas had revolted against the government, and in Alagoas there was a riot, in which three people were killed and a number wounded. Congress for months had been at log gerheads with the president, and had accomplished little actual legislation. The sanitary condition of the city is very bad. In September there were 1322 deaths from smallpox, and some from yellow fever. The committee on diplomacy in the chamber of deputies reported in favor of ratifying the treaty for international arbitration, prepared at the Pan-American congress. It is stated that the Brazilian govern ment will shortly ask for a revision of the reciprocity treaty with the United States. It is hoped in Brazil that Amer ica will agree to a revision, which can be effected in the interests of both nations. The interior of the state of Bahai is suffering very much from drought, in consequence of which it is said the state has lost by death and emigration over 60,000 inhabitants. A SQUARE BACKDOWN. The United States Going; to Fay In demnity to Italy. Home, Nov. 12.—Italia says it under stands that the United States govern ment has recognized its responsibility for a breach of international law in the New Orleans lynching affair, the only question being the amount of indemnity to be paid by the United States. Bound for South America. Boston, Nov. 12.—Lieutenant Com mander Manney is authority for the statement that the United States cruiser Newark will sail Saturday next from the Charleston navy yard. There is little talk now among the officers about the Chilean affair, and it is not known whether the cruiser will be ordered to that country or not. It is thought, however, that she is going to South America. Washington, Nov. 42.—The United States steamer Kearsarge has arrived at St. Thomas, West Indies. A Suit fits well and proves Fine Tail oring when selected from the large New Stock of H. A. Qetz, 126 West Third street. Ask for the Agnes Booth Cigar. GIVEN AWAY! With every Suit or Overcoat pur chased of us for the balance of this week, we are gning away a nice walking-stick. We have over a hundred different styles of sticks. Some adapted for the use of young men, and others particularly nice for old gentlemen. There are among them sticks that could not be bought for less than $2.00 elsewhere. FOR THE BOYS we always have something. Just now we are giving away in our Boys' Department with every Suit or Overcoat, either a nice ebony ruler or a magic trick savings bank. In our middle window you will find, this week, an elegant display of new and nobby Men's Suits and Overcoats ; also, Bath Robes. Please notice our elegant values in Over coats for $10.00. Cor. Spring and Temple Streets. FINE MODERATE Our new Stock of Woolens for the season, Fall and Winter, 1891, represents one of the largest collections imported into this city, selected from the best looms of the world. We avoid the two extremes usually practiced among the tailoring trade, viz., deceptive cheapness and fancy high prices. Our work is reliable, styles correct and charges reasonable. 4 TAILORS AND FURNISHERS, No. 113 South Spring Street, Adjoining Nadeau Hotel. 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