Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 3".—NO. 29.
FARMERS ALLIANCE. The Indianapolis Conventions Open Inauspicously. Attendance Small and Enthusi asm Lacking. The Third Party People Particularly Disappointed. President Polk and Secretary Tillman Both Beont the Idea or Making » Political Machine ot the Alliance. Axwciated Press Dlsoatches. Indianapoijs, Nov. 17.—The open meetings of the farmers' organizations today ware a disappointment to the Al liance leaders, and particularly to the third party men. The attendance lias not been as largo as expected, nor the enthusiasm so great. Contiicts ot opinion have arisen on important sub jects which are calculated to seriously interfere with work. While the attend ance is small, the tight for and againat the third party movement is none the leas bitter. The sessions of the F. M. B. A. and Alliance this afternoon were secret, but it is understood the issue was squarely joined in each, and the result in each call was a drawn battle. Nothing but the final vote can determine the relative strength of the factions. THE OPENING SESSION. The supreme council of the Farmers Alliance was called to order at 10:40 o'clock by President Force of the In diana Alliance, with nearly all of. the 120 delegates and 500 spectators in at tendance. Mayor Thomas L. Sullivan welcomed the delegates to Indianapolis. J. F. Tillman, secretary Alliance execu tive committee,responded. After thank ing the people of Indianapolis for their warm'welcome and paying a tribute to President Harrison, he said: "It is the farming and laboring peo- Sle who feed tho world; who fought the attics of thin country, and to whose energy and patriotism this great and glorious land of ours is indebted for its richest blessings—liberty and peace. It is not our mission to tear down nor dis integrate our honeßtly conducted indus tries, but to all illegitimate combina tions and monopolists that tend to destroy the very spirit and intent of the constitution. NOT POSING AS POLITICIANS. "We are not here as politicians seek- ing to disrupt tbe partisan political par ties, or to promote the fortunes of any political aspirant; nor are we here in the interest of any third party, for by our very organ's teachings we have a light to vote with whatever political party we may think will best advance good government." lie called attention to the last billion dollar congress, and criticised its expen ditures, which, he said, were more than those spent by all the congresses iv the first seventy years of the history of this government. This he said, is more than $S for every man. woman and child in the United States, to support national government, not including other taxes levied. He then said: "How long would they en dure it if collected directly from them instead of indirectly, as it is now col lected through our tariff. Say what you pleaee about the tariff, but it must and shall come down to a reasonable basis of taxation. These reckless expendi tures of congress must be stopped or we will continue to change the personnel of every congress." THE ALLIANCE OATH. "Yes this is not all, or is at the bot tom of that which brought about the uprising of all the peeple in all parts of this great country. I can best illustrate it by the use of these words: Transpor tation, tariff and trust. Here is the trouble, and there are three C's which are the firat lettera of three worda: Crush, change and control. There ia an unwritten and iron-bound oath our friendly newßpapers abuse ua so much about. I will now tell you what this oath is. It is to crush trusts, to chanpe the tariff and control transportation." Continuing he said: "We are going to succeed in our efforts to obtain a large circulating medium. We must have more currency and we will have it. NOT A THIRD PARTY. "The Farmers Alliance means the greatest good for the greatest number, and it is determined to have exact jus tice for all, and especial favors to none. It numbers in its corporation nearly 400,000, and has come to atay and will be held intact aa a non-partisan organi zation. _ Members of all political parties may join the organization, and it will never become a third political party. There ia big political significance in it, but not a party political significance, because that would mean hopeless ruin." Tillman'B reference to the non-parti san nature of the Alliance caused some thing of a sensation, and was received with about equal evidence of approval and disappointment. OTHER SPEECHES. Gen. J. B. Weaver of lowa made a speech on the general situation, which was received with enthusiasm. He was followed by Congressman Jerry Simpson, of Kansas, in tbe same strain. President Willet, of tbe Kansas Alli ance, spoke briefly, and the meeting ad journed. At 2 o'clock the Alliance went into executive session at the board of trade, and the National F. M. B. A. at the courthouse, both discussing the third party movement. PRESIDENT POLKS ADDRESS. At the opening meeting tonight the attendance was less than one thousand. President Polk delivered his annual ad dress. He reminded the representa tives present that upon no body have greater responsibilities rested than on this, since the Continental congress. The demand of tbe latter • for equal LOS ANGELES HERALD. rights was no more just than theirs today against tbe inequalities which threaten to undermine tbe liberties of the people. TIIK KAKMKR'h GRIEVANCRB. "What are the alleged grievances of the farmer? From 1850 to 1860 farm values increased 101 per cent; from 1870 to 1880, only » per cent. Tbe aggregate wealth of the country increased from 1870 to 1880 over 45 per cent. The crops of 1886 brought less than 2 per cent more than tbe crops in 1806. The crops of 1807, though legs than balf as large as those of 1887, brought the farmer $711,500,000 more. Two-thirds of the country's wealth is not assessed for taxation, yet the farm ers, possessing only 22 per cent of it, pay 80 per cent of the taxes. With modern facilities of transportation and improved machinery, the farmer finds himself compelled to sell his produce at prices barely covering the cost. Farm mort gages are frightfully large. In lowa the mortgages indebtedness is $101 per cap ita ; in Kansas, $105; in Illinois, $100, and everywhere the farmer is overbur dened witii debt. Therefore the farmer is now appealing to the supreme tribunal of public opinion, and auks a just decis ion through tbe ballot box." t THE FARMERS' DEMAND. Polk than took up the demands of the farmers, on which he spoke at great length. "The sub-treasury idea,,' he said, "has grown until it is tbe senti ment of the order in thirty-four states. The constitution declares that congress shall have power to legulate commerce among the states. Money, transporta tion and the tranmission of intelligence are essential elements in commerce. Does congress regulate these? Organized capital has demanded of con gress and obtained control of the volume of the currency. This has resulted in a fearful augmentation of the centralized money power and the impoverishment and robbery of honest industry. In 1805 the amount of cur rency was f2,000,000,000, with 37,000, --000 population. Today, with 63,000,000 people, the volume of currency is re duced to *G00,000,000, resulting in high priced money and low-priced articles, entailing distress, poverty, Buffering and ruin. "The supreme.question before the peo ple is financial reform. The two great parties have evidently sounded a truce, and as in the past this question will be regarded as neutral ground between them. In this crisis it is the duty of every true member of the Alliance to stand firmly by our principles and de mand of all aspirants for our suffrages an unequivocal statement of their posi tion ou this great principle." FOLK'S RECOMMENDATIONS. Polk said the growth of the organiza tion was very encouraging. A recom mendation was made that a conference be had with the reform press associa tion to discuss the most available means of disseminating reform literature. "A powerful auxiliary force in the service of reform," he said, "is found in a well regulated lecture system. The demand for speakers is so great that it is impos sible to wnpply it." The speaker closed with remarks upon political alliance. He said : "The organ ization must be kept free from entangle ments with any party. It would utterly fail in its high purpose if degraded into a mere party machine, manipulated by designing men. When it shall fail to elevate its membership above the arro gant domination of party mandate, the hour for its decay, dissolution and death shall have come." BUB-THEAfICBY OPPONENTS. W. S. McAUieetter, of Canton, Miss., chairman of the national executive committee and anti-sub-treasury alli ance, heads the committee to induce the Alliance to steer clear of the sub treasury scheme and third party ideas. He said: "We will present a protest tomorrow against the sub-treasury and third party schemes, and certain irregu larities within tbe order.' It is the in tention to adjust the matter within the Alliance, if possible; but if we do not get. a hearing, or our grievances are not respected, the organization of the anti snb-treasury alliance will be extend ed to every state. The Texas op ponents of these ideas are not await ing tbe result of the conventions. They have already organized, and the anti sub-treasury alliance embraces <50 per cent of the total Alliance strength. Sentiment is also strong in lowa, Kan sas, Michigan and Illinois." ALLIANCE SCANDALS. The air is thick with rumors tending to implicate certain Alliance leaders in connection with certain combinations and relations with the National In dustrial company (formerly the Union Cordage company). It is with state agents that this alleged scandal deals. Alliance men here for that pur pose state that they will make charges within the next few days that will create a tremendous sensation, and shake the Alliance from center to circumference. A former state agent of the Florida Alli ance domiciled himself in New York and became agent of the Union Cordage company. It is Baid the plan was to get a monopoly of the Alliance trade. Seductive inducements were held out to state agents to induce them to procure endorsements by their Allliance of the Union Cordage com pany. In some states the negotiations were successful, but in others the con tracts by which the Alliance stores were eupplied, had already been let, Rumors also connect certain Alliance leaders with a deal with the Louisiana Lottery company by which the third party was placed in the field in Louisiana. Methodist Missions. Cleveland, Nov. 17.—The Methodist general missionary committee decided this afternoon to increase the general appropriation for domestic purposes to half a million dollars. Baltimore was selected as the place of next annual meeting. The members of the commit tee were given a grand Danquet at Music hall this evening by the Metho dists of Cleveland. A Strike Settled. Pittsburg, Nov. 17.—The strike at the American Iron works was settled today, the Amalgamated association or dering the engineers to accept the com pany's reduction of 10 per cent. The plant is now in full operaton. Judge Uuval Dead. Frankfort, Ky., Nov. 17.—Alvin Duval, ex-chief justice of Kentucky, died today, aged 78. WEDNESDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 18, 1891—TEN PAGES. THE NEWS FROM RIO. Sensational Cablegrams from South America. Poet and Telegraph Under a Strict Censorship. Rebellion. Rife in Para as Well as in Rio Grande. The Capital of Brazil in a State of Hie£e. A Battle Between the Rebels and Fonseca's Forces Imminent. ASfociatcd Press Dispatches. London, Nov. 17.—Tho Exchange Tel egraph company gives publicity to sen sational news from Rio de Janeiro. No explanation is given aa to how the news waa allowed to be cabled, and aa it is known that the government has taken complete control of tbe cables, tbe dis patches are not accepted here aa certain to be accurate. The Exchange company's advices re port the complete prostration of the postal service. It is supposed this re fers to the general postal service of the republic, though it may mean that of the capital. At the aame time the gov ernment baa put a atop to the trans miaaion of all press dispatches by the telegraph lines to the various cities of the country. This step was interpreted as meaning that opposition to the dic tator's rule is growing in the provincial centers. ■» RIO IN A STATE OF SIEGE. In Rio de Janeiro, it ia declared, a practical state of siege exists. The city is at the mercy of the dictator's soldiers. Most stringent measures have been adopted to prevent disorder or organized opposition to the present regime. It the report proves to be founded on fact, it would indicate that a very large ele ment in the capital is opposed to the dictatorship, and only prevented by the strong hand of the military from assert ing itself. As all the papers which refused to support the dictator have been suppressed, the opposition has no public mouthpiece. A BATTLE IMMINENT. News received at Rio de Janeiro, ac cording to the Exchange Telegraph company's advices, from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, is of an important character. Dispatches report the forces of the party of secession already in the field, and marching to meet the army of'the central government. The armies are not far separated, and a decisive battle may be expected within a short period. Previous advices declared the army of the seceders to be 30,000 in number. How numerous- the dictator's force is, is net known. REBELLION TS PARA. The Exchange company's advices also give sensational news from Para. It is asserted that the principal naval and military officers stationed in the state of Pare, after discussion, decided in favor of a declaration of independence from the Brazilian union by that state. This movement in Para, in favor of secession, is considered so formidable at the capi tal, according to the Exchange com pany's dispatch, that it is believed the government of the dictator will be una ble to cope with it. With two of the most important states in the union, one at the extreme south and the other on the Amazon, in seces sion, and with threatening dissatisfac tion in other states, and with even her capital in a state of siege, the outlook for Fonesca is not particularly alluring. A SIGNIFICANT CIRCUMSTANCE. Nbw York, Nov. 17. —The news con tained in the above dispatch finds some thing of confirmation in a business dis patch received yesterday in New York by Wm. E, Peck, an export merchant. The last mail from Rio de Janeiro brought a large order for goods from one of his largest customers in Rio. In view of the alarming niews since the steamer sailed, Mr. Peck thought it advisable to cable before filling the order. The cable company refused to accept a cipher dis patch, saying they could not guarantee its delivery. He was compelled to cable in English, and yesterday received an answer, also in English, saying simply: "Cancel all orders." This shows clearly that the Brazilians are not allowing the use of cipher codes, and Mr. Peck de clared, in view of the circumstances, that nothing could be more significant than the terse reply of his customer. BRITISH MERCHANTS ALARMED. London, Nov. 17.—British merchants are receiving many Brazilian ordera for machinery, apparatua, etc., for develop ing Brazilian industries, but they de cline to rill them at present, fearing a further fall in the rate of exchange, al though the Brazilians offer to deposit with the B.ank of England an ample amount of paper currency aa security. FONSECA ORDERS WAR MATERIAL. Rio de Janeiro, Nov. 17.— Foneeca has issued a decree authorizing a special credit of 13,000,000 milreis, to be ex pended for war material. THE RIO GRANDE REVOLT. London, Nov. 17.—Rio de Janeiro tel egrams from government sources still assert that the Rio Grande agitation ia confined to Porto Alegre. A revolt ia expected daily at Para. The army and navy hesitate which cause to espouse, but it ia expected they will join the insurgents. A dispatch to the Times corroborates the statement that all telegrams from Rio Grande are prohibited, and postal service has also ceased. NEWS CENSORSHIP CORROBORATED. New York, Nov. 17.—The Anglo- American company announces that code telegrams to Rio Grande, Brazil, are being stopped. The Herald's Monte Video cable says: In Rio Grande a committee of the junta is adopting severe measures against all nersona suspected of spreading false re ports. Some of these have been impris oned and others shot. Dissensions are rife among the insurgents. THE INSCRC.KJT«' ARMY. A Buenos Ayres cable to the Herald says: Three generaia gent by Foneeca to Rio Grande to open negotiatione with the insurgents have gone up the river to meet the insurgent leaders. The report ia confirmed that all government troops in the state of Rio Grande do Sul remain neutral, with the exception of the garrison at Youguaron. It ia said the inaurgenta have 15,000 men nnder arms, and hope to raise 35,000 more. A BUCKEYE COLONY. Fifty Ohio Families to Settle on the Chino Ranch. Ontario, Cal., Nov. 17.—Ohio parties closed a, deal for 040 acres of the Cbino ranch, between Chino and Ontario; the price, with water, ia $200 per acre. Fifty families are to settle on the land. It ia expected the colonists will lease con siderable other land, and engage in planting beets for the Chino sugar fac tory. FOSTER ON FINANCE. THE SECRETARY OF THE TREAS- URY AIRS HIS OPINIONS. To Maintain the Parity Between Gold and Silver Is the Fixed Policy of this Gov ernment—The New York Chamber of Commerce's Dinner. New York, Nov. 17.—A distinguished assemblage gathered tonight at the 123 d annual dinner of the chamber of com merce of the state of New York. Among the many prominent guests were Sen ator Hiscock, Chauncey M. Depew, Gen erals Schofield and Hoa-ard, Secretary Foster, Director of the Mint Leech, Hon. Carl Schurz, Rev. Dr. Briggs, and the earl of Aberdeen. Less than one year ago Secretary Windom was struck down in the same banqueting hall, and before the feast was done he was dead. Many times the tragedy was re ferred to tonight. President Harri son, Secretary Blame, Secretary Tracy, Secretary Proctor, Postmaster-General Wanamaker and ex-Presidents Hayes and Cleveland were among many who sent regrets. Secretary Foster made the speech of the evening, his subject being, To Maintain the Parity Between Gold and Silver is the Fixed Policy of this Gov ernment. In the course of his remarks he referred to the cloomy predictions made fifteen years ago by the people of the east over the proposed large coinage oj silver dollars. So now, said he, men whose intelligence and patriotism cannot be questioned, and whose purposes are most exalted, are moved to indulge in gloomy fore bodings over the present outlook, and prooose to repeal the act of July 14,1890, hoping thereby to preserve the parity. He did not propose to indulge in any prophesy. The secretary told of an elaborate speech he prepared in 1879 upon silver and gold, but did not deliver in the house, because of his enlarged views be tween the finishing of the speech and the day set for its delivery. He added: "If the New York Times could have that speech to comment upon, I think I should have to resign my office. I men tion this merely to call to mind the fact that many other gentlemen have not been as prudent as I was." The secretary further said in his speech: "With all of our power, we could not maintain the parity of the two metals if the policy of the free coinage of silver prevailed. lam firmly of the opinion that parity can be maintained under the present policy. We produce annually about $38,000,000 of gold. Present indications are that the balance of trade with foreign nations for the next two years, and for a longer period, if the present tariff law iB main tained, will require gold ship ments to pay the balances in our favor. • Under the present policy we buy 4,500,000 ounces of silver per month, paying for it in new treasury notes. Under such a condition the work of maintaining the parity will not be a strain upon the resources of the country. If, however, the balance of trade should turn to any great ex tent, which seems to be quite improb able, except in the event of extraordi nary contingencies abroad, a attain would come; but even then my faith in our resources is such as to compel me to believe that we would weather the storm and preserve the parity. The shipment of more than $70,000,000 of our gold to Europe, without embarrassment to ÜB, 18 only an illustration of the mar velous financial Btrength of this coun try. Under free coinage silver wonld take the olace of gold in settling bal ances. If the price of silver were ad vanced from $1 to $1.29 per ounce, all the silver in the world for sale would be attracted to this country. To maintain parity under such a condition would be a task requiring more than our im mense resources and the exer cise of unusual power to the laßt degree could supply; but with 4,500,000 ounces of silver purchased at gold valuation each month, the task would be easy. The practical question for you, gentlemen, to consider is which of these two policies you will prefer. "Believing the good sense of tbe busi ness world must io the near future be brought into harmony with us in the proposition that gold alone is too nar row a base upon which to build tbe world's financial structure, I have much hope that the best judgment of all concerned will agree to a better and more extended use of silver, to be followed by international agreements by which the parity of the two metals upon an accepted ratio may be maintained. One of the hindrances to an early agreement is the belief in Europe that free coinage iB to be the pol icy of thia country.'ln Buch event, they know their ailver will come to ua and our gold go to them. Convince Europe that we will not permit ourselvea to do anything that will impair our ability to preßerve the parity, and an obstacle to the agreement so much desired, iB re moved." 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