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LOS ANGELES HERALD. VOL. 37.—N0. 75. THE RANCHES. Typical Facts About South ern California Farms. What a Pomona Man Says About Curing Lemons. Some Practical Hints About the Cul ture of Peanuts. drain Planting; at Banning—Profits in Horticulture—Rev. Loop's Re cipe for Caring Olives. We publish below an interview be tween Judge F. A. Newell and a Pomona Times reporter. It will be noticed that he refers to the Oarcelon method, which was published—with illustrations—in the Citrograph a few weeks ago, as con taining all that is known on the subject. The judge says: As to quality and curing I regard them worthy to compete with other lemons, either foreign or domestic, in any American market. After four years' almost constant steady experiment, at tended often with considerable loss, I believe I have learned the requirements for successful handling from tbe tree to market, which plan I have fully ex plained to divers interested friends in the last six months, and who recognize the plan as identical with tbat of U. W. Garcelon of Riverside, as stated in his recently published pamplet in that behalf. Mr. Garcelon may be regarded as the first discoverer, for with his greater experience he must have known and adopted his plan as published, long before I, by slow de grees, arrived at conclusions, cumula tive to his. Whether a more perfect process will be developed I cannot say. If so or not, the known process is so near perfect as to encourage liberal planting of lemon orchards, whose wholesome fruit is more extensively known and used than any other, and I verily believe that within the next five years the lemon will arrogate to itself the dignity of kingship of tbe citrus family. Tne haughty orange, the auto crat of the orchard, ever conscious of its incomparable beauty, demanding ad miration from those who behold, will very soon be called to divide the honors, at least equally with the lemon, each a moiety, one as a necessity, tbe other as a luxury. Severing from a tree and curing is one part. Keeping for six to ten months for best market is the other part. Those who desire to know how to do both will learn upon reading Mr. Garcelon's pamphlet. BANKING GRAIN. There is no reason for any farmer to get worried on account of the scarcity of rain this year, says tbe Banning Herald. Our experience in California is that most of the rain falls after the holidays, anyway, and there is nothing on which to "base the supposition that this is go ing to be a dry year. In fact, everything looks favorable for rain now, and, per haps, before this article appears we may be treated to an old-fashioned downpour. Farmers iv tbe vicinity of Banning bave been industriously dry-plowing for the past month or six weeks, and the acreage will be greater than ever before. We have heard of the following Slanting so far: Mr. W. M. Hathaway as in 1000 acres of barley on the Dun lap place; Mr. Best has planted 1000 acres on the Scott place; Mr. C. O. Barker, nearly 1000 acres on the bench and in the valley; Vir. C Sweeters, about 800 acres ; Mr. J. M. Gilman, 500 acres: Carpenter & Hamilton, 500 acres; Mrs. Fraser, 300 acres, and Martin & Goodcell, nearly 200 acres. In addition there are many smaller tracts sown, and there is every reason to believe that the grain crop at Banning this year will be unprecedently large. PEANUT CULTURE. J. £. Cox of Bloomington, Cal., writes to the Rural Californian as follows: I find that the best time to plant the pea nut in this country is from the middle to the last of May. Prepare the ground well; have it good and mellow, then mark out in rows four feet apart, and unless the ground is very moist, run a little water along the row, sufficient to soak it up nicely. After it dries off a little drop your nuts, One kernel in a place, twenty-two inches apart. I tried placing one, two, three and four in a place, but found that the one bad more and larger nuts than either of the others. After having dropped the nuts, cover with cultivator. Nothing more needs to be done until they get up nicely. About three weeks after they come up mark on both sides with a shallow shovel marker, one that throws the dirt both ways. Mark just close enough so as not to cover up the young vines. Thtn irri gate until tbe ground ia thoroughly soaked. After it is dry enough, culti vate, throwing the dirt in close to the vines. Continue this every three weeks during the season; each time mark a little lurtber from tbe row, and always when cultivating roll the dirt in close to the vines; by bo doing you will keep the ground high and mellow, so as the vine spreads the little tender spurs that shoot down can penetrate it and bear fruit. Do not allow the water to run over the row as it causes the ground to bake and tbe nuts to be of a dark color. It ia not the nuts that require the moist ure but the tap root of the vine under neath tbe nuts. Do not cover tbe blossom as some people advocate. Tbe blossom of the peanut ought not to be covered, neither in this or any other country. I investigated the matter thoroughly during the season just closed. I selected six rowa side by aide; each received the same amount of water and attention. Three of these rows I covered up the bloeosms aa they made their appearance, before sunrise in tbe morning, with a little moist dirt. When I harvested these six rows I found, to mv satisfaction, that the three rows not covered bad a third more nuts and con siderably larger in size. The idea that the peanut ought not to be irrigated in thia country ia all bosh. J. F. C. PROFITS i» HOSTICULTUHB. A writer in the Rural Californian aays: References have so often been made in the columns of the papers touching tbe profits of California horti culture that the subject must be getting Bomewhat threadbare. Still I will risk quoting the experience of John P. Fos ter, who has been a fruit grower near Tustin for about ten years. In the first place Mr. Foster ia an unusually careful and industrious man. He tells me that he keeps hia accounts as thoroughly aa a merchant, and keeps constantly posted concerning all bis possessions. He says that the great trouble with the average fruit grower in this eection is that he ia too careless and indolent. He has bad a crop of English walnuts for four years from hia ninety trees, and says he has never sold any crop for less than $920. He recently con tracted to sell hia crop of the walnuts for exactly $1060. He knows all about his trees and bow they bear. Tbe aver age proceeds from each walnut tree on his place this season ia $11.60. Then, too, he has 1000 navel orange trees that have extraordinary care. His accurate account books, which he keeps to show how much, hia orcharda and how well their products pay him, prove that the annual crop from tbeee trees has for four years sold for sums varying from $3290 to $4360. Last year he got tbe last named price. His four acres of prune trees yielded bim $1975 last year. Besides there are three acres for alfalfa, small fruits, vegetables, the barn and the family residence. Here is another practical illustration of what a twenty acre farm will do in Southern California, under the management of an efficient, wide-awake man. HOW TO CURE OLIVEB. Rev. G. F. Loop, of Pomona, gives the following method for curing olives: "Olives to be cured by this (the Span ish) method should be gathered when fully ripe. Take a thin, sharp knife and make three incisions to tbe pit of each olive, dropping into cold water as you work. When the olives are cut place them in a new oak cask with a faucet at the bottom, from which to draw the water, changing three times a day, until the bitterness is extracted. If tbe work is carefully done, at tbe end of twenty one days the olives will be found upon testing to be sweet. If tbe olives are fully colored but still bard when cut this part of the process may require twenty-eight days. When the bitter ness is discharged, cover with brine made of tbe purest salt. Let tbe fruit remain in the brine just long enough to make them valuable. This point in the process will be reached in twenty-four or forty-eight hours, de pending on the strength of the brine. When the olives are in a condition to be used on the table, prepare a new brine by boiling and skimming and adding a small percentage of salicylic acid, dissolved in water. Bay leaves and fen nel may be added to the brine to give flavor, if desired. Place the others in glass fruit jars, cover with brine and seal tbe covers, and put them in a dark, cool room or closet. If left in an open keg or barrel the brine becomes cloudy through fermenting of the fruit and the olives soft and worthless. PLAYS AND PLAYERS. The playing of Mr. Willard and his company has done much towards ele vating the standard demanded by patrons of the drama in this city. There was not an anachronism in any of tbe stage settings or the most insig nificant appointment. Oitener than not a wooden-seateu kitchen chair has been seen in a baronial hall on the local stage, and I think I remember once seeing Margaret Mather make love to Romeo from a balcony of one of those Queen Anne houses which were never known to Philistines before the last decade. The public have at last seen a per fectly mounted play; two of these iv fact, and the result will be that no more slipshod methods will be tolerated. Mr. Willard impresses me as having all the qualifications of being able to create a Hamlet which will not be ni hilistically radical in its departure from accepted ideas regarding this first gen tleman of the play world, but which will be fresh, full of originality, and satis factory to tbe student, as well as the mere superficial playgoer. He has a perfect Hamlet voice. A voice as sonorous as a brass cymbal when needed, and as pure and true as a crystal bell, yet always instinct with maul inuss,and in accent and accuracy putting in plain evidence the fact that its possessor is a gentleman bred and a scholar in attainments. That voice ia alone enough to make Mr. Willard a great actor, without his homely but wonderfully mobile face, and his stage ease. This latter is a most rare quality—tbe entire absence of self consciousness. Edwin Booth has it; Lawrence Barrett never showed it. Fred Warde, even when panting in one of hia most vehement moments, never permits tbe spectator to lose eight of the fact that he ia acting; Cyrua Blenkarn and Mr. Llewellyn do not permit a single one of tbe audience to remember tbat they are but creations of Mr. Willard. Tbat ia where genius is shown. If Mr. Willard ever does play Hamlet it will become an historic, event. The years go by; managers rise to prominence and then fall to the bottom of the tureen, but lithograpba of Mr. Cleveland and bis pompadour bang ap pear in every city once every year. This man's minstrel company is booked at the opera house for three nights, beginning Monday evening. Those people who like tbe modern form of minstrelsy ought to be pleased with the varied performance given by this company. »** "Go up, baldheads, go up!" will be the cry of tbe ushers at the opera house next Thursday evening when the Devil's Auction company will commence a three-nights' engagement. Loa Angeles baa not had a leg show since the Twelve Temptations played here laet sum mer, and the thermometer at once went up to 110 degrees in the shade. If the Satanic auctioneer will have the same effect on tbe temperate re now that his Temptations then had, we all ought to be duly thankful. Probably he will SUNDAY MORNING. JANUARY 3, 1892—TWELVE PAGES. heat things, for it's a cold day when he gets left. The performance ia well spoken of elsewhere. Pretty, shapely Louise Dempeey, who always makes a hit here, with her well filled tights and comic songs, is with the affair. A lot of specialty artists, including some clever French acrobats, are among the attrac tions, aa also a whole bevy of "fairies," who do a Nautch girl dance, which ia described as very fetching. Altogether the show should draw large patronage. On Monday Mr. Wyatt will turn out the spooks, which a spiritualist says he will produce this evening at the Los Angeles theater, and will play the Nobs Jollities for three nights. The per formance ia described as novel and en? tertaining throughout. O. A. 8. DUNLOP's NEWS NOTES. Soubrette—"Why are tbe evergreen trees of Alaska forests are more fortu nate than I?" Knights of the stage door—"Why?" Soubrette—"They are given a set of fire." Mr. Robson's business in Washington last week with She Stoops to Conquer, was phenomenal. It is not likely that any ot the old comedies has ever been played to such large receipts. The mu sicians were turned out of the place at nearly every performance to make room for camp-stool patrons. A friend writes that when the birds of paradise come to India in the nut meg season, "the strength of tbe nutmeg so intoxicates them that they fall down." The birds of paradise in the profession thia side of the world get their nutmeg from tbe fluffy top of brimtui goblets of milk, and they, too, fall down. Arrangements have been completed for tbe marriage of Ada Lewis, the Tough Girl of "Reilly and the 400," to James Wrightof San Francisco. It will take place May Ist. Emma Pollock (Maggie Murphy) will be bridesmaid, and Manager Mart Hanley best man. After being spliced the couple will fly to San Francisco. Robert E. Graham, alias "Baltimore Bob," has written an opera, which Man ager Greenwall of New Orleans promises to bring out next season to star Bob in. But the opera is the stupidest ever con ceived by mortal, and Graham himself is as graceful as a log of wood. Green wall, however, never keeps bis word, so nobody is likety to get hurt. He bad played with Booth aud Barrett, Knew Hhakeapeare all by heart. Had sung iv o mio operas, <md could pantomime a part: An adept on ih>- banjo; Could do a song and dance; Too-, tlcsetson the gallery door, And ouee went in advance; Was leading man lor twenty years, And it seemed a Bhame to him To have to throw a part up, just Because he couldn't swim. In speaking of the opening Italian opera night in New York Mr. Duulop says: The boxes were filled with the 400 in bare back, unmasked bosoms and perfumed shoulders. Waists were cut low—to the line of degradation—and buds, belles, young married women, wrinkled up spinsters and fat old gran nies with bulging pockelhooks, gossiped and snickered without a flicker of shame or a blush of modesty. In reference to lone Dunham's $250, --000 inheritance in Elmira, the ground floor facts seem to be that—"Dunham, father of lone Dunham's husband, died suddenly a few weeks ago. Being di vorced from his wife, his son inherits his property, which amounts some $250, --000 on a moat liberal calculation. This son and husband of 'lone' is serving a sentence in Elmira reformatory Tor forgery and vagrancy." Alas poor •Tone!" The offer made by the National Con aervatory of Music of $1000 for the best opera comique, it is hoped will bring out good material enough to show that a theater in New York solely for that kind of entertainment might succeed. There are quite a variety of terms used incorrectly to characterize just the kind of opera meant, but the technical defi nition of opera comique is an opera where the denouement is a happy one, and where the musical numbers are con nected by spoken dialogue. The term operetta is entirely wrong. An operetta is a short piece, always in one act; writing about an operetta in two acts ia an anomaly. "The Prompter" of the Manchester, Umpire, one of the cleverest of dramatic writers in all England, taken the cake for the following, for poems on St. Peter. The door-keeper of the Pearly Gates is waiting for him. He will be forwarded by tiie new pneumatic tube: Bt. Peter, walking round the Bouse, E pu d a Deadhead there, And, us a manager u>bane. He spoke thai deadhead fair. The Deadhead didn't p,aise the show- He said it seemed to him They turned on far too mauy of The little Cherubim. "Now I can point to many things— Improvements without doubt--—" "And I can point," Bt. Peter cried, tbat, sir: •This way ocx- - It in all right for some writers to jab Charles H. Hoyt, but all the same he ia the marvel of tbe century. He baa written ten plays, each one of them a success, and he is yet looking for hia thirty-first birthday. These ten plays, or rather nine of them, for "A Temper ance Town" has not yet been produced, have made over a million of dollars. Of course Hoyt hasn't all that money, but five other people bave, or are making a fortune out of them,and Mr. Hoyt himself has ne doubt a quarter of a million put away snugly for a rainy day. which isn't likely to strike him. A Bunch of Keys and A Parlor Match have each made a quarter of a million dollars for their owner, and so far A Texas Steer has cleared over $80,000, while the profits of A Trip to Chinatown have passed the $50,000 mark for this season alone. If there is a shining mark of success to be pointed to, one would bave to look pretty hard to discover a better mark than Mr. Hoyt, who jumped into success the very first lick, and has been forging ahead ever since. Bellevue l.ylug-In Institute. Mrs. Ur .J. H tmitu's iyinK-iu institute has been kept (or thr-e years, aud has done a good business dally and Is still Increasing. It is con dueled by Dr. Fimith wltn tbe assistance ol first-class physicians, who are always ready In lending help at any hour. Ladies can elwayf find a pleasant home while at tho Institute. The doctor returns many thanks for the Kind patronage of the past, hoping it will be double formed, Mas r>a. J.U. Smith, 737 Bellevue avenue. MINES AND MINING. A New Claim Near Twenty- Nine Palms. Rich Mines Located Near South Riverside. A New Mineral Belt to Be Tapped in Arizona. Interesting Motes From Ban Bernar dino—A Rich Gold Strike In the Weaver District. Edward Luni yesterday arrived in Banning, hired Frank Johnson's team and started for the desert. Luni said he had located a mine eighteen miles east of Twenty-Nine Palms, and has sold it to the Waterloo Mining company of Calico. This company bad confidence in tbe mine and would at once erect a twenty-stamp mill. Joe Carboi would act as foreman and represent the Water loo interests. The mine has been ex ploited sufficiently to induce bo con servative a company as the Waterloo to take hold of it, and that ia ample evi dence that there ia plenty of pay rock in eight. Banning will be the base of supplies for the new camp, and that means a largely increased volume of trade here.—[Banning Herald. SOUTH RIVERSIDE MESAS. Joseph Banes, the Bouth Riverside cor respondent of the Pomona Times, says: The mining interests of this locality draw constant attention to this place. Lord & Fraser have had during the last two months a large force of men em ployed completing the assessment work upon their various mines of gypsum, clay and yellow and red ochres. In con nection with the latter, they have two very well defined ledges of a superior quality of yellow ochre. They have a distinct vein of four feet extending over .'IOOO in length. Their red ochre is in two veins, one of fourteen feet thick and the length of two chains; the other is about eight feet, parallel with the former and of equal quality, which experts have pronounced excellent. Near to these claims there are two valuable claims of shell lime, pnre carbonates of lime, in fact. This prodnct makes the finest ma terial now known to the plastering trade. All these are großß metals, but experi ence has shown many prospectors here abouts that their labor in this direction is more quickly and better rewarded than in a more costly and precarious search after precious ores. A MINKBAf, BELT TO BE TAPPED. Chief Engineer W. C. Edes of the Southern Pacific Railroad company ar rived in Phoenix yesterday, save a recent number of the Phoenix Gazette, with thirteen men and several teams and wagons. Today twelve more men and tbe balance of tbe tents and wagons will arrive from San Francisco, making the entire surveying party consist of twenty five men. Mr. Edes was confined to his room at the Commercial hotel last night and when seen by a Gazette reporter said he did not feel like talking much, but that we could say that the Southern Pacific company would build a railroad from Phoenix to Prescott by the Black canon route, connecting the Maricopa and Phoenix with the Prescott and Arizona Central, or Bullock road. This means that the Santa Fe\ Prescott and Phoenix company has not bought the Bullock line and will build from Ash Fork, thereby giving us two north and south roads. If everything arrives and can be gotten together, the party will st"rt out tomorrow morning. In answer to the question as to whether a construction force would follow up the engineering party, he said he could not state posi tively, but understood that work would begin at once. The Gazette has it from good authority that a grading force will be here soOn and be put to work in behind the engineers. The benefits to be derived from it are incalculable. It will open up the richest mineral belt in the western country. The group nearest Phoenix, composing the Crowned King, California, Conger, Grey Eagle and Peck, are old producing mines and have long paid to work with all the present disadvantages. At Big Bug it will tap another rich group of mines. Here is located the plant of the Com mercial Mining company's large and extensive smelting work's. The road will extend out through Lonesome val ley and will open up the Verde country and afford an outlet for the immense beds of rock salt and sal peter lying along the Verde river. The building of this line by tbe Southern Pacific company I will not interfere with the building of the Santa Ft', Prescott and Phoenix railroad. NOTES FROM BAN BERNARDINO. The following correspondence appeared in a recent issue of the San Bernardino Courier: Editor Courier: As I have seen nothing in your paper regarding assess ment work on mines, I thought I would call attention to the bill which was passed by the last state legislature. I think it would be to the interest of your readers, especially to the mining portion, if you would publish the statute in full. I have not the bill at band, or I would send it to you. the bill that was passed will be found on page 219 of the statutes of 1891. This law compels every mine owner in the state to make a sworn statement as to having done the necessary assessment work and have such recorded in the county records within thirty days from the time the work is required to be com pleted by law. This, I believe, is the first law passed by tbe state legislature concerning min ing, and as this law makes tbe ground locatable (if not complied with), it ia of the utmost importance to all owners of mines. There may. be a question as to the legality of this bill, aa it might con flict with the United States laws, but under any circumstances it will put many a poor miner to great inconveni ence and expense. No doubt some tnin ing men had au »bj v u> in having sucb a bill become tbe law oi the land. The lawyers will not likely take any excep tson to this statute. ASSESSMENT WOBK. The mountains and desert are just now full of miners doing their assess ment work. Tbe Black Hawk Gold company has a number of men at work. A rich strike was made by O. G. Leach and Joe McDermott on one of the claims of the company. A very large body of ore consisting of silver and gold was found. This is a new feature, which will add much value to the already large property. The find clears up the mys tery of the rich float found by Barney Carter, Quartz Wilson and others, aa the ore is the same as found by them and other prospectors in time gone by. BOBE MINE. The mill on this- mine will be some what later starting than was expected. They intended to be mining on the Ist of January, but the weather may delay them a Utile later. Mr. Wheeler is pushing it as fast as it is possible, but delays will occur in spite of everything. The company has enough ore "on the dumps to run thirty days, and lota of ore is said to be ready to be stoped to keep the mill running right along. Mr. Pedley, representing the Valley Gold company, is in Holcorab, looking after the interests of the company. They are procuring patents on all their prop erty in the valley. Dr. Rice, after doing considerable work on his claims in Holcomb, has retired to the more salubrious atmos phere of the valley for the winter. Burknap, the mining seer, has gone t Los Angeles with the intention of con testing some of the Valley Gold compa ny's rights to a patent. Sam Baird baa completed his assess ment work on his mines in Bear valley, and has bonded his interests to a San Francisco company, and expects to join the capitalists soon. Watts and Carson, after doing consid erable work in Lone valley, have gone down to San Bernardino to partake of the happiness of home life for a time. John Recce, an old desert mining ex pert, is successfully forming a company in Riverside on his mines between the Black Hawk and Old Woman springs. The ore is quite rich in silver and has large surface indications. The Sidewinder mine is proving (un der Mr. Chapman's bond) a good suc cess. They have run several hundred tons of ore through the mill at Victor with results fully up to their expecta tions. Leik'a Ophir mine haa been sold to a syndicate. Numerous partiea about Dry lake, Rabbit springs, and in fact all along the San Bernardino range as far east as Twenty-nine Palms, are working like heavers, doing their assessment work. The work could not be more desirable, and everybody is happy accordingly. A RICH GOLD STRIKE. The Phoenix, A. T., Gazette aaya: Harry Horsekworthes came down from the Weaver district yesterday after a load of goods for his brother's store. He reports a rich strike in the placer dig gings up there, and nuggets weighing four and seven ounces are being taken out. A Mexican who had been working in the lower end of the district struck a rich "pay streak the other day, that caused a general stampede to the spot, and claims were staked off in every di rection. There were several hundred dollars of gold dust brought into Phoenix and sold to Goldman & Co., some of the nuggets brought in weigh ing six ounces. There have been thou sands of dollars of the precious stuff taken out of these diggings in years past, but there has never been such a rich strike as this one made before. There are more men working in the dis trict this winter than there has been for years and they are all making good wages. Including Americans and Mexi cans it is estimated that at least 175 men are placering, besides a large number of quartz miners and prospectors, who are meeting with more or less success in their search for the hidden treasure. Mr. Horsekworthes will start back today with a four horse team load of pro visions and tools. There are several mining men preparing to visit the scene of operation. Pure Coffee. There is one consolation for the prev alent adulteration of coffee, which is that the people who use the adulterated article are apt to be better off in health than those who partake largely of tbe pure article. It is known that coffee in creases the pulse, makes the mind active and produces wakefulness. Consequent ly most people take it in the morning. In large quantities it produces palpita tion of the heart, consequently people with heart trouble are forbidden to drink coffee. Taken at night it produces wake fulness. One cup of black coffee at night will give a night of misery to any one inclined to heart trouble and keep awake for the entire night a person not accustomed to its use. The optimist must therefore hail with delight the prevalence of adul terated coffee. The epicure, however, will continue to get his coffee green, roast it himself, grind it with religious exclusion of any adulterants and use it at once by mak ing a decoction by pouring boiling water over it and never boiling the coffee in the water to be drunk. Thus the epicure may extract the utmost of unhealthfill ness from the fragrant and delicious berry, adding another to the long list of pleasures that are somewhat hurtful.— New York Sun. Financially Embarrassed. A large manufacturer, who* aft* ir, were very much embarrassed and who was over worked aud broken down wxh nervous <x b'Ustion. wet to a celebrated peoitlist. H< was cold that the only thing need d was to b relieved o oar* and worry, &nd have < chanx of tboueht. This d cior was mor consld rrte of his patt tit' health 'ha of his flnancM ol cum*tuices. He ought to have ait - isedhim t use Dr. Miles' fterorative Nervine, tbe be* reme 'y fo- nervous prostration, ►l" ple« e-. dizzln ss hf a 1» h , 111 eff 'Cs of olri s, t ibac co, coffee, opium etc i'h xtsands testify t ou*e. Book and t»(*' b ttl •-<>. -t c. H. Hancf Only 02 hours Los Angeles to Chicago by the Santa Fe route. Correapondinv; quick time to all eastern cities. Througi Pullman palace and tourist sleeping car daily. Personally conducted tourist c» excursion to Biaton and intermedial po uts weekly. Ticket office 180 Nortt spring st., Loa Angeles, and Santa Ft PAGES I TO 12. FIVE CENTS. J>e»th of an Old l'lu»trn l.iauder. A Norfolk island correspondent report* the death, at the age of ninety-four, of Mr. Bnffett, an old and much respected member of the island community. He had been connected with the Pitcairn commnnity for the long period of nearly seventy years. i Early in the twenties (1822) the Eng lish whaler Cyprus, on her way home after an extended and successful cruise, and before starting on the then lonely and perilous passage around the Horn, called at Pitcairn island for fresh provi sions and to recruit. Just at that time the island elders began to feel the want of a school teacher for the yonng com munity fast growing np, and expressed their wishes to that effect to'the captain of the Cyprus, who, without hesitation, willingly agreed to help them, if possi ble. The result was that Buffett, then a young man on board, of fair education, was sounded, and he gladly fell in with the wishes of his captain and the com munity, went ashore with all his belong ings and thenceforward threw in his lot with the islanders. He was not long, however, a schoolmaster, as on the ad vent of Mr. Nobbs, some few years later, a majority of the parents wished for a change, and of course Buffett had to ac quiesce. Mr. Buffett's residence, even on peace ful Pitcairn, was not without its excit ing episodes. In 1831 occurred, at tho instance of the English government, the exodus to Tahiti, and the community's return some months later curtailed through sickness of many of its mem bers. Then again, in ,1836, during the "reign" of Mr. Joshua Hill, Buffett and his two compatriots, Nobbs and Evans, together with their families, were for a short period banished to the Garnbier islands by this arbitrary gentleman, where the exiles were kindly treated, and remained until the storm blew over. Lastly, the final departare from loved old Pitcairn to the new home at Norfolk island, 3,000 miles away. Bnffett was an ingenious worker in wood, and his handiworks in the shape of cabinets and such like are widely dis tributed, the old familiar legend, "made from the wood of John Adams' house," being always kept up and no doubt add ing attraction to the goods. Until three or four yearr ago Mr. Buffett had the full use of all his faculties, but for the last eighteen months he has been totally oblivious to passing events. —Chilian Times. A Soldier* Bible. While Miss Winter, of Einmittsburg, was overlooking her childhood's treas ures, she came across an old Testament which she found on the site of a soldier's camp near there during the war, after the soldiers had left for the field of Get tysburg. On examining the book her eyes fell on the name "Siunuel Wolcott, Griffin's Mills, Erie county, N. V.," and' Miss Winter decided to write to the ad dress, thinking the owner would like to recover the book. In a few days she received a reply from Mrs. Weaden, of Clifton, N. J., stating that she was a sister of the sol dier and the only living member of a large family. She said her brother had returned home from the army in 1863, and died in 1864, and Miss Winter's let ter had been forwarded to her as Ids nearest of kin. Mrs. Weaden seemed much pleased at the idea of recovering this long lost memento of her dead brother, and Miss Winter sent the Tes tament to her.—Baltimore Sun, A Chapter on Oysters. "Oysters are fatter this year than I ever saw them before," said a restaurant oyster opener. "I don't know why, but usually the fatter an oyster is the poorer the flavor. This is because the fat oy ster has generally been out of the water too long and has been fed. That is not wholly the reason this year. They aro fatter anyhow. "An oyster is best on the half shell, about twenty-four to forty-eight hours after he is out of salt water. Eaten be fore that time they are apt to give cramps. Yes, the male oyster is the best, bnt we don't come across a male more than an average of once in fifty times."—New York Herald. Why tho Opening; Wa» Delayed. The opening of the recent church con gress at Rhylin, Wales, was delayed for half an honr by the nonappearance of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and every body wondered what had happened. The archbishop had lost his crozier. Thia emblem was locked up in a leathern case, and was carried off by a servant, who thought it was a gun, and locked it up in a room full of breechloaders and car tridges. Whether the congress would have been adjourned if it had not been discovered is a question which does not call for immediate reply.—Christian World. Drain Boarded a Hand Car. A section man was coming into Colum bus, Ind., on a hand car on the Pennsyl vania road, when he was attacked by a large bear. A terrible storm was in progress at the time. The man and bear had a terrific struggle, but the man finally struck tho bear over the head with an iron crowbar, and as the animal rolled from the car the man got it in motion and escaped. He was badly scratched and bruised, but not seriously injured.—Cor. Philadelphia Record. Blew Open an Unlocked Safe. Cracksmen played a singular joke on themselves in blowing open the safe in L. O. Blair's store, Rio, Ills. Mr. Blair has been the victim of so many robberies that he has been leaving the safe open and sending tbe money to Galesbnrg. The burglars drilled into and blew open tbe empty unlocked safe.—Cor. St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Texas Oysters Frosh receipts► very day, both can and bulk, lost and obeapei-t oyster ever brouxnt to thia oast. Only three days en route. Onsak Pwrv ready rajainejaojar. Drink Datssex Ctu.urt.Qr*, H. j. WeaUat