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Los Angeles herald. [volume] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1890-1893, January 28, 1892, Image 1

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VOL. 37.—N0. 100.
A Series of Surprises in the
Past Fftw Days.
Uncle Sam's Ultimatum Com-
plied With.
Pereira's Reply is Tantamount to An
Abject Apology.
Frofo.se Expressions of Friendship Em
bodied In It—livery Prospect at
War Mow Oyer—Blaine
Highly Slated.
Associated Press Dispatches.
Washington, Jan. 27.—Developments
in the Chilean controversy since the
president's ultimatum have been a series
of surprises, of which that ol today is
not the least. The first news of the de
cision of the Chilean government prac
tically conceded all the United States
asked, as stated in the Associated Press
dispatches, and indicated so complete a
change on the part of Chile, that while
it was hoped it was true, many persons
were hardly able to credit it. A later
dispatch not only confirmed this mes
sage, but each new development added
to it some feature, making stronger
the statements made in Egan's
dispatch, received yesterday, and in
addition to what was already known,
indicated that Chile was willing to apol
ogize for the Matta note, which had been
one of the worst features of the con
What Egan said, however, was not in
all respects satisfactory, although in
advance of the transmission to congress
of ' the official dispatch, from the in
formation obtainable, it is believed that
the message was one transmitting the
Chilean government's reply, and giving
the substance of the concessions made.
For this reason Egan may not have been
full enough in his statements to thor
oughly make clear the full force of
Pereira's answers.
The dispatch containing the reply of
Sefior Pereira. Chilean minister of for
eign affairs, is very long, and its transla
tion was not completed until today. It
is said to be a frank- and splendidly
written document, breathing through
out a spirit of friendship and good will
to the United States. It is said to be
clear and unequivocal, t
Nothing whatever is left of the Matta
note, which is not only withdrawn, but
apologized for.
Most sinetro regret is expressed for
the Baltimore incident, and the offer to
refer it to the supreme court is said to
be made as an illustration of the friendly
feeling of Chile toward the United
The expressions of cordiality toward
this countiy are profuse. It is said the
whole tone of the document 19 appar
ently so sincere, frieudly and manly,and
leaves the matter in such shape that it is
hardly possible to fail to bring the two
countries closer together, and result
in an amicable adjustment of tbe whole
The dispatch is especially clear and
vigorous in repelling the charge of
hostility on the part of the Chileans to
the American flog and the American
uniform. In effect, it says: "Chile
bate the American uniform? No. Too
well does she remember that flag and
uniform in her ports and harbors, aiding
her in her struggle for independence"
(referring to Chile's struggle years ago
to achieve independence.)
The prospect of war, it is thought, is
now over, and while considerable re
mains to be done before the controversy
in its entirety will be closed and made
simply a matter of history, yet the affair
is in such a shape as to bring the two
nations closer together and make further
proceedings a matter comparatively easy
of adjustment.
Representative Blount, chairman of
the house committee on foreign affairs,
called at the department of state, and
had a chat with Secretary Blame on the
question of submitting to congress the
reply of the Chilean government to the
so-called ultimatum of the United
Blount, afterwards, in speaking of
Chile's latest dispatch said: "The whole
matter is settled, and nothing but the
preliminaries remain to be arranged.
The apology made by Chile is as com
plete as it could possibly be. It speaks
with most profound regret of the attack
on the Baltimore sailors; declares sin
cere feelings of friendship • for the
United States, and prof und respect for
our flag and uniform. They speak feel
ingly of the presence of American men
of-war in their ports during the
revolution, and of the friendly attitude
of our officers and men at ' that
time. They say that, entertaining
the feeling of friendship which they do
toward the United States it would be
impossible for them to sympathize with
or fail to feel most profound regret for
the assault upon the United States sail
ors. As evidence of their perfect good
faith they say they propose, in connec
tion with a complete and humble apolo
gy, that the matter of reparation bo re
ferred to the supreme court of the
United States to determine. There iB
no reserve. It is a complete, abject
apology, and settles the whole matter."
Blount said while his committee was
in session yesterday word was received
from the president that a dispatch had
just been received from Chile, but it
was not translated, and they did not
know its contents. On account of that
message the committee adjourned until
As it stands now, there is nothing for
the committee on foreign affairs to do.
The president will make a reply to Chile
and then communicate the Chile mes
sage and his reply to congress.
"You mean that the apology was
ample?" asked Congressman Springer,
who was among the little coterie of con
gressmen gathered around during
Blount's statement.
"No, I don't say that in so many
words," said Blount. "I mean simply
that so far as tbe whole question is con
cerned, there is complete compliance
with our wishes expressed in the final
demand of the state department. I
cannot quote the exact language of the
dispatch, a translation of which, I will
say, was shown me by Mr. Blame. It
covered six or seven pages of foolscap,
and was expressed in terms of great
regret. Indeed, the whole spirit of it
was regret at the Baltimore occurrence,
and utter disavowal of any ill-feeling
towards the American uniform. To give
you a sample, it says: 'To illustrate
the feeling we entertain towards the
American republic, we are willing to
submit the whole matter of the Balti
more affair to that august tribunal, your
supreme court.' I do not quote, per
haps, the exact words of the dispatch,
but in effect it says: 'It is not
necessary to submit it to the supreme
court, but in order to show our feel ng
toward you, we are willing to submit it
to your court.'
"They withdraw their request for
Minister Egan's withdrawal, and speak
of the Matta note as an error of judg
ment, and are willing to meet the Amer
ican demands—"
"But what about the apology de
manded?" again interrupted a member,
"I cannot Bay that it is said in specific
form," replied Mr. Blount, "but the
whole argumentation and declaration of
feeling and regret, the action taken by
the government to have the guilty par
ties arreeted, all these illustrations are
given as to their feelings in the attempt
to exhaust the idea that there was any
hostility toward üb.
"Mr. Blame seemed much elated over
the dispatch, and seemed to regard it as
an assurance of the end of the contro
versy. While the apology may not be
put in diplomatic language, the dis
patch is just as full and complete in its
regret of the whole affair, as "could be."
Turning to Springer, Blount said: "I
tell you the bottom is out of it, that is
all. The administration would not have
a straw to stand on if it continued to
make demands with that dispatch in its
face, but I have no idea that they are
going to force it any further. No one
can read that entire correspondence,
gentlemen, without feeling the utmost
sympathy at the almost humiliating
attitude of tbe Chilean government. Mr.
Blame informed the president that he
would send Chile's answer in today or.
Cable, of Illinois, a member of the
foreign affairs committee, said: "I am
glad at tbe matter's turn, and think it
now time for the great American nation
to be generous. Principle is what we
were after, and tbat having been con
ceded we will be too liberal, I am sure,
to impose undue financial penalties upon
our already bankrupt sister republic."
The manner of Blount showed the
pleasure he felt at the news communi
cated to him by Secretary Blame, with
authority for him (Blount) to repeat it
to Buch persons as he saw fit to make it
McCreary, of Kentucky, another mem
ber of the committee, when seen, said:
"Everything is much brighter now."
Hitt, a Republican member of the
committee, said: "The situation looks
a great deal better, and the dispatch re
ceived put the trouble in very satisfac
tory shape."
Other members of the house, who
were seen, showed the relief they felt at
the outcome of the trouble.
In the senate, also, the members of
the foreign relations committee gave
evidence of satisfaction. The committee
had placed a padlock of absolute secrecy
on all the proceedings, hut it was evi
dent that they were glad that from them
had been taken the grave responsibility
of declaring war, and that a practical
solution of the controversy had been
reached, consistent with the dignity and
self respect of the United States.
Senator Hoar said it was a subject of
much congratulation to the American
people, and he thought the matter was
now ended.
There has been much speculation as
to the time the administration received
the first intimation of Chile's apology
and concession, and some' members of
congress even hazarded the statement
that the president had received the re
ply before the executive message
communicated to congress, Monday.
This false impression, which threatened
to become general in some quarters, to
night Chairman Blount seeks to correct.
"As I understand it," said he, "the dis
patch from Chile was received by the
administration early Tuesday morning.
At 10:30 o'clock I had information from
the president by a confidential message
that a dispatch had. been received from
Chile at the state department, but that
it wa9 not yet translated. So Chile's
answer was not received until the morn
ing following the transmission of the
president's message to congress."
The senate foreign relations committee
had another meeting this morning on
the Chilean controversy, and spentabout
an hour in discussing the subject. It is
learned that the committee has not yet
received a copy of the response made by
the Chilean government to the so called
ultimatum sent by the president, and
until the members of the committee are
officially apprised of the exact nature of
that response no action will be taken.
A member of the committee said the
committee does not wish in any way to
interfere with the present consideration
of the controversy by the president, and
is now waiting upon him for light to
guide its accions.
Senator Hiscock said the committee
would stand by the administration in a
firm and dignified course.
It is evident irom talk with senators
that they think the difficulty has passed
the acute stage, for the present at least,
if .not permanently, and tbat there is no
necessity for doing anything in advance
of executive consideration of Chile's
From what can be learned, there is no
disposition in congress to press Chile in
the matter, and the hope is expressed
that the official note will disclose con
cessions on the part of Chile equivalent
to those which had been attributed to it
by descriptions of its purpose by the
Associated Press. It is evident that if
the administration will be satisfied tbat
sufficient concession has been made by
Chile to satisfy the honor and dignity
of the United States, congress will very
willingly acquiesce in that view.
The members of the cabinet preserve
perfect silence on the subject of Chile's
concessions, and will not admit or deny
Secretary Tracy was confined to his
home today with a slight attack of
Captain Schley, commander of the
Baltimore, gaid this morning it would
be improper for him to make any state
ments whatever in regard to what was
said during his conference with the
president and the secretary of the navy.
Lieutenant McCrea of the Baltimore
is also in the city.
No movements of naval vessels were
announced today.
Private Secretary Halfordsaid tonight
the additional correspondence will be
sent to congress tomorrow. It will be
comparatively brief; it will not aggre
gate more than about 2000 wordß.
The General Public Still Indulging in War
Talk—Naval Officers Swear They Will
Not Salute the Stars and Stripes.
Matta Idolized by the Masses.
Santiago db Chile, via Galveston,
Tex., Jan. 27.—[Special dispatch to the
Associated Press.] —The text of Chile's
reply to President Harrison's ultimatum
is not yet made public. It is awaited
on all eides with intense interest. The
substance of it has already been indi
cated in the Associated Press dispatches
from here, and this, so far as learned,
meets with general approval on the part
of the intelligent classes.
public sentiment.
The news that President Harrison
sent a special message to congress Mon
day, relating to the points at issue be
tween the United States and Chile, and
the dispatches published here yesterday
and today describing the attitude of the
American public toward the matter,
caused no little popular excitement
here. The Baltimore incident, the
president's ultimatum and message and
the dangerous tension of the relations
between the two governments, v the sole
topic of conversation in all circles. They
dominate the newspaper columns to the
virtual exclusion of all other questions.
The younger and hotter-headed por
tion of the public continues to indulge
in much war talk. Bather than have
the government acknowledge its fault,
or apologize for its utterances, these
young patriots declare they would prefer
to see a resort to arm s. Such talk as
this,it is believed, reflects the opinion
of a large element of the common people.
The naval officers are reported to be
much stirred up at the thought that
they may be called upon to salute tbe
stars and stripes. They go so far aa to
say, according to the reports published
in today's papers, that they would see
the Chilean fleet sunk before they would
salute the American flag.
Whatever the government may cay
officially in withdrawing the offensive
note of Matta, there are abundant indi
cations that Matta'a popularity will not
in any way be decreased because of his
authorship of that now famous dis
patch. Instead, it looks very much as
though ttiiß was the most popular act of
his administration. While the cabinet
was deliberating upon the precise form
of language in which to apologize to the
United States, preparations were
actively going on by a committee of
leading citizens to honor Matta, with a
grand and imposing banquet. Th's will
take place Saturday and promises to be
a brilliant affair.
New York, Jan. 27.—The Herald's
Santiago correspondent says: Intense
anxiety is felt in this city as to the re
ply of the United States to the note
sent by Pereira. The papers which
favored Baliuaceda and the supporters
of the late dictator, are crowing over the
manner in which the matter was
handled by the present government,
and doing all they can to inflame the
people. In Valparaiso, the matter is
being discussed with more calmness.
The merchants and bankers here gen
erally believe a peaceful settlement of
the pending difficulty between the
United .States and Chile will be reached.
Iv Iquique. especially, the people ap
pear wrought up to a high pitch. The
Peruvian residents are jubilant over the
existing state of affairs.
The preßS oi Santiago and Valparaiso
print the wildest stories relative to the
ultimatum. La Union is especially
bitter, and callß on the people, male and
female, to Btand together in upholding
the honor of the country. In regard to
the story current that the United States
would require a salute to the stars and
stripes, it says: "Our noble Bailors
would prefer sinking to the bottom of
the sea, rather than salute the Yankee
The majority of the intelligent people
look upon the act of the government, in
regard to the apology and the with
drawal of the demand for Egan's recall,
in a favorable light.
La Union prints a letter from an
Englishman, advising the severance of
all diplomatic and consular relations
with the United States.
The report reaches me that the cabinet
is much dissatisfied with the course of
Montt, Chilean minister at Washington.
His last message, received Friday, it is
said, assured the government that the
affair was coming to a speedy conclusion.
He has all along led the president and
his advisers to believe that Blame was
desiious of submitting the whole affair
to arbitration. Some think Pedro Montt
was misled by Richard L. Trumbull,
Julia Foster and their Democratic
The excuse made for demanding the
recall of Minister Egan is that it was
understood he cabled Blame that the
Chilean government granted safe con
ducts to the refugees and then recalled
them.. He never made such a state
The minister of justice has ordered
Judge of Crimes Foster to drop all other
work and proceed at once to conclude
the trial of the Baltimore case.
I hear that the purchase of a cruiser
now in the Armstrong yard, has been
effected by the Chilean government.
There is talk tonight of trouble be
tween Chile and Argentine on the ques
tion of delimitation. The Chilean mem
bers of the commission say Argentine
wants ports on the Pacific side of Pata
gonian territory, which it is doubtful
Chile will grant.
President Montt's Position Compromised
by the Backdown.
London, Jan. 27.—The correspondent
of the Times at Santiago de Chile today
telegraphs that the text of Chile's reply
to the ultimatum of the United States
has not been disclosed, and adds:
"Until Saturday Chile, relying upon ad
vices received from Minister Montt as
late as Fridayof pacific assurances given
him constantly by Blame, considered a
settlement practically arranged, es
pecially as Chile, through President
Montt, had given counter assurances of
friendly feeling and of a desire to satisfy
all reasonable demands. President
Montt's position, the correspondent
adds, is now seriously compromised.
Everything in Chile remains quiet so
One of His Officers Suspended for Beins;
a Newspaper Correspondent.
Baltimore, Jan. 27.—The Herald will
tomorrow publish a story to the effect
that during tbe time the cruiser Balti
more was lying in the harbor of Val
paraiso, prior to tbe success of the Con
gressional party, the executive officer of
tbat ship was sending daily telegrams to
a New York paper, which were uniformly
in favor of the Balmaceda government.
As soon as Captain Schley learned that
one of bis officers was acting as a paid
correspondent he suspended the officer
in question for ten days, but after that
time be was reinstated. This matter is
what called Captain Schley to Washing
ton irorn San Francisco, It is well
known that Schley's orders to his offi
cers and men were positive against an
expression in favor of either side.
Chile Hates Most of All to Salute the
United States Flag;.
New York, Jan. 27.—The following
was sent to Valparaiso at 11:45 a. m. to
day: "Telegraph any political news re
specting Chile and the United States."
The following was received in reply at
2:50 p. m.: "United States ultimatum
not yet public. Chile replied, but not
yet published. Generally, Chile gov
ernment will give satisfaction. Only
question likely to cause trouble is that
of saluting the United States flag. Ev
erything quiet."
The Assassination of Egan Reported in
Wall Street.
New York, Jan. 27. —The sensational
rumor was current in the stock exchange
this afternoon that Minister Egan was
killed. When the rumor was brought
to tbe attention of the state department
officials at Washington, by the Associ
ated Press, they laughed and pronounced
the rumor absurd.
Americans Called Hard Names by a Mex
ican Journal.
City of Mexico, Jan. 27. —El Tiempo,
the organ of the church party, comment
ing on the Chilean news in tomorrow's
issue, attacks the people of the United
States, calling them an execrable race
of cowards, who, because they are pow
erful, would attack a small nation.
Sympathy for Chile.
New York, Jan. 27.—-The Herald's
cable from Panama says: Feeling in
Columbia is favorable to Chile, and the
Spanish press believes Uncle Sam's
move is a death blow to the pan-Ameri
can union. It is understood that in case
of,trouble the vessels of the South
American Steamship company would be
placed at the service of Chile.
The White Squadron.
Monteviedo, Jan. 27.—The squadron
of American warships is still here.
New York. Jan. 27.—The Herald's
Montevideo cable says: The white
squadron has coaled aud is ready for
sea. The Yantic is at Buenos Ayres.
The Difficulty Ended.
Chicago, Jan. 27.—A Washington
special quotes Blount as saying, in his
talk with Blame today, Blame said:
"The reply of Chile is satisfactory and
puts an end to the whole difficulty."
The Resignation of James V. Coleman
as Grand Sachem Accepted .
San Francisco, Jan. 27.—At a meet
ing of the State League of Iroquois clubs
tonight, the resignation of James V.
Coleman as grand sachem was accepted,
and Louis Metzger was elected in his
stead. Raleigh Barcar of Vacaville was
elected vice-grand sachem, to fill the
vacancy caused by Metzger's promotion.
The annual conference of the league is
called for February 22d, next. Interior
clubs will be allowed one delegate for
each club, and one for every twenty
Good values in Fine Tailoring a Perfect
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office Honrs—B a.m. to 5 p.m. Evening
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