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LOS ANGELES HERALD. VOL. 37.—N0. 123 TWO LIBRARIES. Valuable Books in San Fran cisco Collections. What a Los Angeles Man Was Shown. The Collections of Bancroft and Adolph Sutro. Bare Old Historical Documents-A Col lection of Americana —Copies of Spanish Archives—The Ideas They Broke. j Staff Correspondence ot the Hkhald. | San Francisco, Feb. It), 1892. During the past week it has been my privilege to visit what I regard as two great libraries. They are not treat in quantity but quality: not in the volume but in the character of their matter. The first was that of Adolph Sutro, Esq., which is in the Montgomery block. On presenting myself at the office I met with a cordial reception from Mr. Sutro, who immediately quit his business to show me his collection, of which he is justly very proud. Mr. Sutro is of stout and vigorous frame, with clear, blue eyeß, and a fresh, ruddy complexion, in dicating good haalth and an active brain. His gray hairs and side-whiskers, whit ened by the hands of Father Time, give him the venerable appearance of the patriarch which he truly is. His biography occupies a large space in the history of the Pacific coast, and needs no repetition here. But there is one point that is worthy of particular mention. Here is a gentleman whose career has been that of a successful financier. He not only created for himself im mense personal revenues, but also saved their proceeds. He was endowed with sufficient strength of mind, breadth of brain and versatility of character to be not completely absorbed by the art of financiering. While his busy brain was conceiving and his hands executing such great enterprises as the Sutro tun nel, he was also thinking of other and higher things. Among these was that of founding a historical library. For this purpose he visited the east and Europe. In Mexico and Spain he purchased everything and anything that love or money could ob tain that pertained in the slightest de gree to the history of California. Many a book dealer was astonished at this enterprising American taking almost his entire stock at doubled prices and no questions asked. Tbe result is a collection unique in character and unexcelled in quality. Here are originals of the first editions of books printed in America, a complete set oi the official Mexican gazettes, a complete collection of Mexican histo ries, officially certified copies of Spanish documents pertaining to California, and manuscripts, newspaper files, pamphlets and relics without number. The eyes tire and the brain wearies in wandering over titles and lists or looking at tbe relics of the past. Mr. Sutro is of peculiar interest to Los Angeles from his relations with the Historical Society of Southern Califor nia. Through a series of events, ex tending over several years, he loaned that society nineteen of his most valu able manuscripts. They are certified copies of official documents from the royal archives at Seville, Spain, consist ing of reports of the discovery and set tlement of California. Theße docu ments, together with their translations, have been published by the society in a book of 200 pages. Mr. Sutro has further loaned the society a boun'cV, volume of rare, original and official Spanish and Mex ican manuscripts for the publication of another similar book. Among these manuscripts is the official report of Engineer Miguel Costanso, who made the first official survey of California, in the year 1709. His report on the har bors will be of interestf Nor have Mr. Sutro's contributions to the southern historical society been merely of a literary character. He has been of material financial assistance in the publication of the first volume of documents. The query has arisen, why has not the California Historical society, situ ated in San Francisco, been accorded the privilege of publishing Mr. Sutro's manuscripts, especially as its members are his feilow-townsmen ? The answer is easy. The Historical Society of Southern California was the first to dis cover that Mr. Sutro had these manu scripts. In 1883, while the Very Rev ered Father Adam, vicar general, was translating Palon's life of Fr. Junipero Serra, Mr. Sutro presented him with a photolithograph of a Serra letter. This was translated and published by the southern society. Mr. Sutro was so pleased with the action of the society at Los Angeles that he at once placed all his manuscripts at their disposal. It simply was a*question ot enterprise on the part of the south, and won. The northern society feels chagrined over its defeat, but it must be more active the next time. The other library I visited was that of H. H. Bancroft, on Valencia street, near Twenty-eighth street. There is not sufficient space here to even attempt a description of its historical wealth. Of great interest to Southern California are the famous scrap books of Judge Benjamin Hayea, upon which I gazed with as great reverence as Tischendorf did on hia Sinaitic manuscript. It is a sad thought that there is even a poaßi bility that this great collection, as priceless to California as the Alexan drian library was to Egypt or the White Tower library waa to YValea, ahould be sold out of the state. Oh. for aome great-puraed and liberal-hearted An gelefio to take it to our 80uthern town ! Whatever criticiam may be made of Mr. Bancrofts thirty-nine volumes, there can be no adverse judgment upon his library. It is simply marvelous. And as I wandered through its alcoves, and read title after title, I lived the past. I seemed to be with Cabrillo, when he sailed slowly up the coast, and met his fate on the island of Sau Miguel. I saw Drake, with his booty, repairing his Golden Hind near Point Reyes. I saw Poftola unfurling the castled and leonic flag of Spain, and failing to find Monterey bay, because "it was filled with sand." I could see Ortega climb ing the sand dunes, and looking with the first European eyes upon San Fran cisco bay, his feelings mingled with emotions of surprise and pride, as when Balloa first looked upon the Pacific ocean. I could see their great missionary, Father Junipero Serra, planting the chain of twenty-one missions from San Diego to Sonoma. I caw the hour of Mexico's freedom, when the eagle and the cactua sup planted the castle and the lion, and the missions' wealth was confiscated by the new republic. I aaw Zaniorano andEcheandia divide California between them on the natural line of the Sierra Nevada from Santa Barbara to Inyo, and rule separate gov ernments, as nature designed should be done and as will be done again. I saw the American pioneers from the first decade of the present century com ing here by land and water, leaving their homes by the Atlantic sea-board and paving the way for the great proces sions of their countrymen to follow. I saw the filibustering bear flag raised at Sonoma, and Stockton conquer Cali fornia. Marshall followed with his glittering gold atColoma, and the hosts of argonauts who swarmed hither and quickly built a state. I heard the protest of Southern Cal ifornia for a separate government, and aaw it strangled in Washington by hands which favored national division but fought state division. I aaw the advent of the railroads, and the glorious development of the state both north and south, and all minutely and faithfully told in the ponderous tomes, rare manuscripts, precious scrap books and priceless newspaper files stored away in the little brick building out on Valencia atreet. No wonder my heart ached, aa I went out, at the thought of this great collection being sold into alien hands and scattered to the four winds. Mr. Bancroft is now trying to sell his library to congress for $500,000. He of ferred it to California for $250,000. It was a great mistake not to have taken it, even at that price, and not allow it to go out of the state. It might even have been wiser to have taken the $300,000 donated to the Chi cago fair, and paid that sum for this library, than have it squandered in big salaries for useless officials. What can be done to keep the Bancioft library at home? Will not some wealthy An geleflo, whose steps are few to the grave, leave for himself a name and monument greater than by any other means, by purchasing this vast collection and do nating it to the Historical society of Southern California? B. A. Cecil-Stephens. A PIRATE'S TREASURE FOUND. The Felucca of Jean Lafitte Said to Have Been Located. It is generally believed that a party oi treasure seekers in a recent night succeeded in rescuing from the waters of the gulf a large quantity of treasure contained in a wreck which lay about a mile and a quartet from the shore. This wreck, says a Kenner, Tex., correspond ent of the Philadelphia Times, is sup posed to have been that of a felucca be longing to the Pride, tbe schooner of the pirate Jean Lafitte, once the scourge of these waters. This felucca, which the old records name as the Pretty Nell, was being sent ashore by Lafitte" in 1810 after an en counter with a Spanish bark, in which the Pride captured and burned the Spaniard, when the felucca was sunk with all hands by a shot from the Eng lish ship Coronet. It is* said that the Spanish vessel waß bound for Peru laden with gold and silver coin, and that La fitte was sending this treasure ashore for deposit in one cf hia hiding places by the Pretty Nell, and after her de struction hovered about this coast for weeka seeking for the spot where ahe had gone down, but failed to find it, though he returned to the search again and again. Many have since sought the wreck in vain, only to give up finally, but strong evidence points to its discovery recently. For some time past four strangers have been in town engaged in slyly question ing the people, and fishermen in especial, concerning the old story of the eunken felucca. These men also hired a boat and thoroughly scoured the coast and water for a distance of several milea up and down and out into the gulf. On last Thursday a large steam tug, the name of which cannot be ascertained, arrived fid anchored about half a mile below the town. The four men were seen to join her, and that night lights were seen dancing over the water op posite the spot where the tug bad anchored and about a mile and a quar ter from, shore. William Edwards, a fisherman, seeing the commotion, rowed out in hia boat to ascertain the cause, when he was ar rested while some hundred yards away by a couple of men in a skiff, who warned him to keep back and return to shore, emphasizing the command by the display of two guna. He did bo, fol lowed closely by the men in the skiff, who waited to see him haul his boat up in the sand. Edwards says the tug was provided with an electric light, which was turned on the water, and which enabled him to see a man in a diver's dress de scending her side, and pulleys and ropes for hoisting heavy bales to the deck. Although he did not think it prudent to venture out on the water again, he watched the tug from the shore all night, and saya they worked till day break, when she disappeared in the di rection of Port Cavallo. During the day pieces of worm-eaten wood were picked up, and were prob ably fragments of the wreck liberated by the removr.l of her heavy cargo. Watch was kept for several nights after the tug's visit, but she has not returned, and it is probable that she was either disappointed in not finding the credited treasure after searching the old wreck, or else managed to remove it all in one night. A diver has been sent for from Gal veston, and will make a thorough ex amination of the spot. Advices from all the ports on the coast say that no vessel answering to the description given by tbe tug has been seen to un load at any wharf, but it is thought she must have landed or transferred to an other vessel her spoil at night or on some unfrequented part of the coast. SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 21, 1892.—TWELVE PAGES. NEW FRUITS. How the Grower Can Create Them. A Lecture by Prof. Emory E. Smith. Well Denned Ways for the Improve ment of Frnit. Chance Seedlings—Bud Variations—Hy bridizing and Cross Pollenatlon. The Kffect of Environ ment. A series of popular lectures are being given at the Stanford university for the benefit of fruit growers. Prof. Emory E. Smith recently gave one on Originat ing New Varieties of Fruit for Califor nia, which was as follows: The primary object of the production of all new varieties of fruit ia the in crease of the quantity and the improve ment of the quality of our food supply. The origination of new varieties of fruit for California ia particularly deair able on account of our peculiar climatic conditions, and also to give ua auperior fruita to those produced elsewhere. What we want are those varieties best suited to the highest development of our fruit growing industries. Our cli mate and soil are admirably adapted to the production of improved varieties, aa has already been proved by a number of chance Beedlings, which when intro duced have at once taken place as standards. To retain our supremacy as the great est of fruit growing countries we must not be simply imitators, but must be originators. There are several well-de fined ways in which our fruits may be improved : Chance seedlings, bud varia tion, selection of hybrids and cross-pol lenation ; and the objects for which im provements should be sought for Cali fornia are chiefly productiveness, flavor, nutritiousness, size, vigor, color, ship ping and keeping qualities, hardiness, extreme early and lateness, and an adaptability for canning and drying pur poses, and exemption from diseases and insect pests. By the term "chance seedlingß" I re fer to fruit trees resulting from seeds that have been selected and planted at random, or, as is usually the case, have accidentally become covered with earth and have sprung up of their own voli tion. These seedlings, which often differ widely from their parent in character of growth and fruit, may be the result of natural variation or of a chance cross by the agency of the breeze, bees or other insects. Many, and I might say the ma jority, of our standard varieties have originated in this way. But variations, or "sports," as they are commonly termed, are so far unex plainable. Suddenly a branch upon a tree, or a cane upon a bush or vine will show unusual vigor, or produce fruit of flavor, color or size differing materially from the variety type. By removing the "sport" and perpetuating it by buds, scions or cuttings a new and distinct variety has been brought into existence, although a tendency is often exhibited for several years toward further varia tion, in which case selection has to be resorted to until the type is well fixed. Hybridizing and cross-pollenation are words quite generally confused and mis understood, even "by horticulturists themselves. Hybridizing may be briefly described as the intermixing of two dis tinct species, while cross-poilenation, as the term is acceptably applied, is the mixing of varieties of one species, or of individuals of the same variety, Cross pollenation, as the term has been used in this talk, may be of the two sorts: "Individual crosses," the mixing of the pollen of flowers from the same plant, and "cross breeds," the mixing of the pollen of two varieties of the one species. New varieties of fruit depend upon propagation by bud, scion or cutting for the continuation of their individuality, which in most instances is fixed to a marked degree. All things being equal, it is doubtful whether this individuality is ever lessened. My own observations incline me to believe that the character istics of a variety do not deteriorate, but that too rapid propagation or other con ditions may cause temporary, or even in some cases, permanent constitutional weakness; and, while uncongenial cli matic or soil, condition may cause de cline and decay in plant or tree, this has nothing to do with the characteristics of the variety of fruit, but simply repre sents an unequal contest of plant life with unfavorable conditions. While aware that my views differ from those of investigators who have bad more extended opportunities, I am convinced that environment unfavora ble to characteristics, but favorable to the plant vigor of a variety, does not permanently change the characteristics of such variety, though the seed pro duced may be widely and permanently changed. To convince myself of the truth of this theory I have for some years conducted experiments, the par ticulars of which I will not give, but will merely say that I have taken scions from several old fruit trees in California, the fruit of which it was claimed had been permanently changed in color, and from early to late bearers, or the reverse. These scions were sent east and grafted on trees of the same variety, and no dif ference whatever could be discovered in the fruit from that borne on the balance of the tree. Varieties of fruit brought from Europe, and whose origin is long lost, are, as grown in California, identi cal iu|character with the earliest de scription. In discussing the question of cross pollenation, the question of direct effect of the cross upon the pulp of the fruit is sometimes raised. As a rule, I do not believe that croßßing naturally or artifically has any direct effect upon the pulp, but ■that the intermixture is confined to the seed and the fruit which it may pro duce. I am, however, convinced that there are exceptions to this rule, and that the exception applies particularly to the orange, and is discoverable in ex terior characteristics rather than in any change in the nature of the pulp. I made some unsatisfactory observa tions some eight years ago in the orange grove of Florida, but four years later in an orange grove of Southern California I became convinced of the fact. This orange grove is on the Santa Anita ranch in Los Angeles county. It was a large grove originally, all of Tahiti sweet seedlings. A few years ago the tops of a portion of the trees were cut off and the stumps were budded over to Washington navels. As soon as these budded trees came into bearing scattered fruit having the characteristic navel began to appear upon the adjacent rows of seedling trees. My attention was called to the fact by a workman, and upon examination I found a number of oranges so marked upon the first three rows of seedlings, but found only one specimen in the rest of the or chard. I was assured that the phenom enon had appeared for the first time the year before, when the navels came into material bearing, and it was a matter of common remark among the orange pick ers of this period. The texture of the fruit did not seem changed in the least, and the navel was superficial and not penetrating, as in the true navel variety. I have besides picked several oranges from navel trees in mixed groves that had the smooth, unbroken exterior skin of the ordinary orange, and contained in one case one seed, in the other two seeds. Environment does not seem to have anything to do with the '"sporting" of varieties; for I have seen two sports identically the same produced under widely different conditions. Further re search may throw more light on the subject. In developing several points not properly within the-scope of this subject my chief object has been to show the permanency of results in this field of labor, and to show that in ori ginating a new and valuable variety of fruit you will not only bring pleasure and profit to yourself and tbe present generation, but will hand down to pos terity a legacy rich in itself, but richer still in possibilities. CRISP AS AN ACTOR. Something About the Early Life of the New Speaker. There are few people here who re member when Judge Crisp was a resi dent of Savannah. It was away back in his youth. At that time the rear portion of tbe theatre building was used partly as a residence. There it was that the Crisps lived. In those days the theatrical business was not in the hands of traveling combinations. Those were the palmy days of the stock company. In each city of any import ance a resident company, of good actors was to be found. They had the most extensive repertories, identified their interests with the town in which they were situated and lived far differently from the sons and daughters of Thespis of today. The Crisps, father and mother of Judge Crisp, were prominent members of this company. Charles was also con nected with it as a player. Many a night, if local tradition does not belie him, be stood before the footlights and glanced down over a multitude of faces of Savannanians. What he played in abd the characters he so ably portrayed —for, of course, the judge was as good an actor then as he has since become a lawyer and statesman — are not remembered now. Some day, perhaps, some old bills will be resurrected and the world will learn more of those days when the young actor, devoted to the art of which his parents were such worthy exemplars, thought of nothing but possible fame and fortune derived from its pursuit, and saw not nor ever dreamed of the success that awaited him in a field far remote from that along whose avenues fancy led him. No matter whether he affected tragedy or essayed the lighter but equally diffi cult roles of pure comedy, it is certain that the young Crisp threw himself into his parts with his whole soul. He is not a man who does things by halves. By him now may we not judge the youth just verging on manhood? Success came to him through earnest, concientious endeavor in the law and politics. The foundations for that suc cess were undoubtedly laid when in hiß early life he trod the boards of the Sa vannah theater, and was taught by his painstaking parents the absolute neces sity of unceasing application if he de sired to riße above mediocrity. From the Savannah theater to the speaker's chair! Whether he be seated or not, Charles F. Crisp has the satis faction of knowing that he has followed well the advice of Pope and acted well his part. Speaker Crisp's brother, Henry Crisp, who was one of the most promising actors on the American stage, died about ten years ago after a brief illness. He played a number of engagements with first-class companies in Baltimore and was a great favorite with the theater goers of that city. One of his latest parts waß Ned Singleton in My Partner, in which play Louis Aldrich was the star. Henry Crisp waa at one time a member of John T. Ford'a company in Baltimore.—[Savannah Preas. A Practical Jone. The British sense of humor frequently finds its expression in practical jokes, and the young "scion of the aristocracy" enjoys with artless glee a species of fun that an American would f'oel was adapt ed only for schoolboys. The following playful manifestation is reported from over tho water as having recently oc curred in a well known country house. A pompous and very dignified member of the government arrived at a friend's house where he was due for a week's visit, and was met at the door by a tall footman whose familiar and impudent greeting immediately aroused the ire of the old gentleman. He mentally re solved to report the fellow's insolence to his master. What was his surprise and horror, however, when the servant, assuming tho attitude of a prize fighter about to begin operations, danced around him, intercepting his movements at every turn. "Is the man mad?" thought the startled statesman; "surely he has taken leave of his senses." In vain he spoke soothingly to the supposed maniac; the creature, who was of huge proportions, circled threateningly arotlnd him, and it was only after a few minutes of really uncomfortable anxiety that the indig nant guest found himself the victim of a little practical joke on the part of the eldest son of his host.—New York Trib une. THE RANCHES. Typical Facts About South ern California Farms. A Valuable Paper on the Cur ing of Figs. The Value of the Best Methods of Packing Oranges. Big Profits Derived From Prune Cul ture—The Italian Method of Keeping Oranges—Beets for Cattle. When raisins and prunes were first mape in California they were not equal to the imported product, Bays C. P. Taft in the Orange News. Now experiment and experience have so perfected them that they have almost entirely sup planted foreign importations in the United States. California lemons have not been cured satisfactorily until lately. Now no one doubts that soon they will be equally as successful. There are the best *of reasons for be lieving that what has been done with raisins, prunes and lemons can also be done with figs. A few years ago but few were' cured in any but the crudest way. Recently new varieties and new methods of curing have been introduced, with marked improvement of the product. Not that we have yet produced a fig equal to the best imported. It could not be expected that any degree of enter prise and ingenuity could in less than half a decade equal the skill and expe rience of centuries. But enough has been learned to show that we are on the right track. Each season makes an ad vance over the previous one, and better figs were cured in California laßt year than ever before. It is the object of this article to sum up, in a measure, the experience ac quired as a foundation for future grow ers. The only varieties used for dry ing, well known in this vicinity, are the White Adriatic, White Smyrna and Brown Turkey (Alias Brown Smyrna). The White Adriatic is the beat of these and has been the most largely planted. As all of our orchards are young, they caunot be expectee to produce as much or as perfect fruit now as when older. It is probably the case with this fig, as it is known to be with tbe foreign, tbat the fruit improves with tbe age of the tree, and there ia no necessity for dis couragement if the figs from a young orchard do not turn out all that we de sire. These or any figs are ready for picking when the skin is shriveled and they hang down, and they should not be picked for drying until such ia the case. After being picked one very good pro cess is to dip them in boiling salt and water —be sure tbe water is boiling—for half a minute, and then lay on trays and expose to the sun. This should be done in the morning and the figs turned be fore night. They will dry more rapidly for being dipped. The heat to which they are exposed must be as intense aa possible, and for tbia purpose some method of reflecting the heat on them must be employed. Most seasons it will probably be found necessary to supple ment the heat of the sun by a dryer at night, for all experience so far goes to show that if a fig is cooled it is damaged. After they are reduced in weight a little less than half, they should be put in the sweat box and stirred over twice each week for several weeks. When perfectly cured they will still be very aoft. Before packing they should be im mersed for a minute in boiling water and then exposed to the sun for about an hour to dry. After packing they should be pressed until the space occupied is reduced a third or more, then they should be left undisturbed for several months, when, if the preceding directions have been com plied with and the fig not allowed to sour in any way, nature will complete what has been well begun, and the pro ceßß of sugaring, so much desired in the fig, will take place. Like the cured lemon, the skin will grow much thinner, and a sugar like that which comes on raisins and prunes, will completely cover the surface. The characteristic flavor is developed, and then, and not till then, is tbe fig ready to eat. The White Smyrna does not turn out bo well under the above process, but by the use of sulphur, a very fair fig may be made. While drying it needs to be worked with the fingers. The resulting fig is very light in color, and translucent, of remarkably thin skin, very sweet and of a nutty flavor. The brown Turkey has proved so far to be the poorest for drying. There seems to be, judging by some specimens, certain latent possibilities, which, by improved processes, may bring it to the front. The skin ib thick, but wlien prop erly cured, becomea very tender, and makea a very delicioua sweetmeat. It sugars perhaps the best of any, but is hard to cure and apt to sour. By the aid of a dryer tbia fig will probably be come very desirable and profitable. The above observations are based on the best specimens obtained, but there is no reason why, if proper care is taken, an experienced hand should not have a very large proportion of the very best. There need be no discouragement felt by those who have planted, nor need any hesitate to set out new orchards for fear of not being able to dispose of the product. We will soon understand the art of curing satisfactorily, and as to bearing, tbe atatement seems to be well founded, that old trees of the white Ad riatic variety have been known to bear 1200 pounds of dried figs in a seaaon. At a very low price auch a crop would be profitable, but first-class figs always command a high figure. FANCY PACKING. We know a man who had a amall crop which he handled himself, from picking to packing. He used choice boxes, coating 4 or 5 centa more than the common pine crate box. If a box was a little rusty or knotty he laid it aside for his poorest fruit. For his fancy oranges he selected the smoothest boxes. The result was that all through the glut his fruit sold at 25 to 60 cents PAGES 9 TO 12 FIVE CENTS. above the usual prices from the same grade of fruit. He said to us: "I sup pose I could have saved a dollar upon these ten boxes by buying cheaper ones, and by slighting and rushing I could have added five boxes more to my day's work, which at 20 cents a box would count another dollar. But I have added $4 to $5 to the market value of my oranges by working upon this plan. So you see I have really saved $2 and perhaps $3 by using the best boxes I can buy, picking, wrapping and packing my fruit carefully and nicely, hooping them neatly, and finally marking them in a clean, tasty manner." He clinched his argument by pro ducing his statements of sales all through tbe season. He got as high aa f1.60 net, while the lowest was only a few cents under a dollar, for rnssete. And such 106S is one which is nobody's gain. In cases of overproduction, con sumers get goods cheaper; but in case of hurried picking and jump-on the-box packing, the consumer gets cheaper fruit because it is damaged, and many people would not use them at all. One day this week Mr. Jones, our freight agent, showed us a lot af boxes, in some of which the orangee were burst open and the juice running upon the floor and through the other oranges. The boxes were begrimmed, and through the cracks one could see the wrapping proer torn away, leaving the fruit exposed. The freight agent was hesitating about receiving them for shipment. Here was a clear case of contract packing, and we wondered what the fate of this fruit would be in the market, and what it might have been in the hands of the careful packer mentioned above.—[San Antonio Herald. ■ PROFITS IN PRUNES. One mile east of Santa Rosa, Sonoma county, there is an eight-acre prune orchard owned by Mra. A. Fox. Post master Farmer of Santa Rosa has charge of the orchard, and has figured out the cost and profit for the Republican : The amount paid out for pruning and clear ing away brush was $106,76; for spray ing, $61.95; for plowing and cultivat ing three times, $34; for cultivating six times, $30; for hoeing around the trees, $19.26; fer raking around the trees, $11.25; total T $263 20; less $10, deducted for work done on peach and pear trees, leaving tbe labor of produc ing the prunes at $253 29. To gather and deliver the prunes cost $288 60, which makes the total cost of producing and marketing $541.70. On the eight acres there were produced 131,933 pounds of prunes, which were sold at $30 per ton, or $1979.86. The net profit on the crop was the difference between the cost of production and marketing and price received, or $1448.15. Every bit of labor was paid for and all of the cost of raising, except the replanting of a few trees, which were put in last year, is included in the statement. KEEPING ORANGES. Florida, says tbe Oakland Enquirer, has a wrinkle wbich the California orange grower has not yet learned. In order to keep his oranges for the late spring or early Bummer trade, a Florida orcbardist puts them into a natural cave on his place, where tbe air remains at an even temperature of 40 degrees, and the fruit will keep in good condition for a year. Now the most interest ing part of this is the second ary discovery that it is no new thing, but a practice which the Sicilian orange growers have long followed. A United States consul writes that in the sides of tbe mountains near Palermo are many grottoes that are cool and well ventilated, in which oranges are kept nicely during the summer. They are spread two different layers deep upon large mats placed at convenient dis tances one above the other. Every day or two the fruit ia turned over, and all the defective ones are removed. BEETS FOR CATTLE FEED. Sugar-beets are proving to be the best feed for cattle yet raised in this section of the country, and as such, are paying better than any other farm product yet grown here. The past season the factory here was unable to use the beets from 8 few fields on account of their large size and low percentage of sugai-. This, for a time, was thought by some to be almost an unqualified loss. There has, since tbe ■ factory closed, been a good demand and ready sale for all beets in the fields for cattle feed, and they have proven to be so valuable for that purpose that in the future the disposition of any beets that the factory may not be able to use will be an easy matter, and at remuner ative prices. There are always some beets on the outside rows of fields, etc., which grow very large and are not suit able for working in the factory, but can be utilized for forage so that there will be very little loss in them. Frank Dygert has been getting $2 per ton for beets in the field, or $3.50 to $4 per ton delivered in Pomona. He ia finding a ready sale for the crop and ia making good money from it. We have been informed that I. Bristol haa been offered $3 per ton for some of his beets in the field. As some of tbe crops will yield from thirty to forty tons per acre, the profits can easily be figured out. Samuel Hayward baa taken a herd of cattle to fatten on hia beets, and says he will do very well. He says s ton of beets will be sufficient for from forty to forty-five head of cat tle, and those he is feeding are doing; splendidly. Mr, Hayward says he con siders beets the very best feed he can get to fatten cattle on. —[Chino Cham pion. IT DOBS NOT GRIPB. HALL'S CALIFORNIA FRUIT CATHARTIC Acts on the stomach, liver, and bowels. 10 ia cheaper by half than any other medicine on the market, in that it does its work more effectually, not like other cathartics leaving you sick and distressed for a week after, but, upon taking it, tones up the system, and after its first action you experi ence a change for the better. San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 20,1890. Hall Mfo. Co.: Gentlemen, —• Of all medicines of a cathartic nature I have ev*r taken, Hall's California Fruit Cathartic la the only one that is perfectly satisfactory in every particular. Its great recommenda tion is that it does not gripe, and it does leave the bowels regular and active. I heartily indorse your medicine. Yours, A. O. Col-tow, Attorney at law, 325 Montgomery St, For sale at J. J. BUKHLIK, & CO., PHARMACISTS, 247 E. First St., Los Angela*. Price, 800. audit.