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WORK OF CONGRESS. The Immigration Laws to Be Investigated. Stanford's Scheme to Establish the Value of the Dollar. March 22d to Be Set for Consideration oi the Bland Bill. Pugh's Overpowering Argument In tha Idaho Case—roster and the Gold Keserve- Chairman Springer Seriously 111. Associated Press Dispatches. Washington, Feb. 2!).—ln the house, today, on motion of Stump of Maryland, a concurrent resolution whs agreed to, authorizing the house and senate com mittees on immigration jointly to inves tigate the workings of the immigration laws and the importation of contract labor. Catchings of Mississippi, from the committee on rules, reported a resolu tion providing that Tuesday, March 22d, immediately after the morning session, the house proceed to consideration of the silver bill, and should said bill not be sooner disposed of, the house shall continue tbe resolution during Wednes- day, the 23d, and Thursday, the 24th. The resolution was ordered primed ' and Catchings gave notice that he would ask the house to consider it Monday next. The house went into committee of the whole on Indian appropriations. Holman of Indiana| moved an amend ment making the appropriations for the Carlisle school applicable to the pupils now in attendance. Rejected. Pending action the committee rose and tbe house adjourned. SENATE PROCEEDINGS. Vice-President Morton was in the chair once more today, and laid before the senate a number of petitions ad verse to the free coinage of silver. Stanford introduced a bill to deter mine tbe value of a legal-tender dollar. Laid on the table for the present. It provides that tbe value of 25.8 grains of gold be the standard by which shall be determined the value of the dollar; all dollars to be received and paid out in the discharge of debts, both public and private, at par, measured by tbat stand ard, whether the stamp of the govern ment making the dollar be in gold, sil ver, paper, or any other material; also the legal-tender value of each dollar is sued by the United States shall depend alone on the stamp of the government, and t! eve shall bp au obligation on the part of the government to exchange one dollar for another. Vilas introduced a bill to amend the pension lawe. Referred to the commit tee on pensions. It proposes to bave the pensions ot invalid pensioners who desert their families paid to their wives, (if any) or to the guardians of their children. Voorhees presented a petition from Stillwell post, G. A. R., for the defeat of the free coinage of silver. PUGH'S POWERFUL ARGUMENT. The Idaho election case was again taken up, and Claggett resumed bis ar gument in support of his claim to the eeat. Dubois gave a detailed account of tbe election. Pugh, who signed the minority report in favor of Dubois, made an argument in defense of it. While he was speaking, the chair of Vance, who sat close to him, broke down, letting the North Carolina senator fall to the floor with some force and much noise. As Vance picked him self up, apparently unhurt, he said: "I beg your pardon for interrupting you," to which Pugh rejoined, lie had not supposed his argument would be so overpowering. At the close of Pugh's speech the senate went into executive session and soon adjourned. . Mitchell gave notice that he would ask the senate to sit out the Idaho case to morrow. HOW ABOUT THE GOLD RESERVE? At the instance of Representative Dockery of Missouri the house today adopted a resolution directing the com mittee on judiciary to inquire into and report to tbe house, as to the right of the secretary of the treasury to use the |100,000,000 gold reserve for current ex penditures. The question is held by the Democrats to be of the utmost im portance. They say if the gold reserve should be held not to be available for current expenditures, it simply means that the fifty-second congress has $100,000,000 less to draw upon in the matter of appropriations than has gen erally been understood. The Democrats Bay in that case their declaration that the country is confronted by a deficit as the result of the appropriations of the fifty-first congress, will be justified. They will argue that all the protection of the McKinley bill has been unable to save tbe public treasury from the verge of bankruptcy, and point in contrast to the generous surplus that existed at the close of Cleveland's administration. FREE COTTON BAGGING. The report of Turner of Georgia from the ways and means committee, in favor of the bill admitting free cotton bag i ging, etc., says tbe right to resort to im ported bagging and ties will, it is be lieved, protect the farmers and laborers engaged in the production of cotton against the corners and combinations among those who, under the present tariff, control the Bupply of these indis pensable articles. The effect of the Mc- Kinley rates upon bagging and ties is not yet fully developed. The first re sult has been to cut off importations of these articles. The next step will be the augmentation of the price. SPBINGEB SERIOUSLY ILL. Chairman Springer is unable to see ; anyone but the immediate members of his family. His features are swollen al most beyond recognition and have as sumed a purple hue. He has requested McMillin of Tennessee to assume charge of the tariff bills in the house and make LOS ANGELES HERALD. the opening speech. He hopes to suf ficiently recover to make the closing speech. In the pension office investigation to day, young Katun was called to the stand. He eaid Secretary Noble and Assistant Secretary Bussey had declined to allow him to make any defense to their charges. SHERMAN IS A STAYBR. . Senator Sherman this morning de nies the report that he is to resign from the senate. BEKING SKA NEGOTIATIONS. An Arbitration Treaty at Last Defi nitely Agreed Upon. Washington, Feb. 29.—Negotiations between the United States and Great Britain looking to the submission to ar bitration of the controversy between the two countries in regard to the Ber ing sea seal fisheries, reached a favora ble conclusion today. Pauncefote, Brit ish minister, signed the treaty of arbi tration, today, in behalf of Great Brit ain. He said ho was fully authorized by Lord Salisbury to take this action. Blame signed the document in behalf of this government, and tho matter was consumated, so far as the diplomatic part of the business is concerned. The treaty is still subject, however, to the action of tbe British parliament and the United States senate. The exact terms of the treaty cannot now be stated, but it is known tbe board of arbitration will consist of seven per sous, two representing the United States, two representing Great Britain, one of whom ib to oe a Canadian, aud one each representing the neutral gov ernments, France, Sweden an.t Italy. The joint commission considering the pealing industry, held another meeting this afternoon. It will probably clohc its sessions this week. THE BLAINE SCANDAL. IT PROMISES TO BE A PROLONGED CONTROVERSY. Mrs. Nevins Says Blame's Narrative of the Bar Harbor Interview is Erroneous -Old Mrs. Blame Cut Up Ugly—Young Mrs. Blame Will Publish a State ment. New York, Feb. 29.—An evening paper says Mrs. Nevins, mother of Ma rian Nevins Blame, in an interview to day, said the story told by Secretary of State Blame of their interview with Mrs. Blame is largely erroneous. Mrs. Nevins says she accompanied her daugh ter to the house, the nurse and child being witb them. When Mrs. Blame came in. they asked to see her husband, but she replied they could not see him. Mrs. Blame insisted on the nurse leav ing the room, and then matters were talked over for some time. "When Marie spoke of going away again," said Mrs. Nevins, "Mrs. Blame said: ' Well, you can leave your baby here if you want to.' "If Marie had been some poor out cast, whom Jim Blame had seduced," added Mrs. Nevins, "Mra. Blame could not have spoken in a more brutal man ner. A moment or two later Mrs. Blame turned to Marie and said, in an ex tremely significant way: 'Well, your marriage was all wroug anyway.' "Then," said Mra. Nevins, "I pro tested. Mrs Blame flew into a fury; rang the bell, and a servant appeared with surprising speed. 'Show these persons out,'cried Mrs. Blame, and then she added, 'and watch tbem.'" At the door of the carriage the nurse, who waa crying out of sympathy for Marie, said: 'Mrs. Blame, you are a goose to go away like this. You are hie wife. Go right up to his room. No one has a right to stop you.' " Marie went back into the house while Mrs. Nevins etayed in the carriage. Then it was that the Ecenes took place. Sioux Falls, S. D., Feb. 29.—Judge Palmer, counsel foi*> Mra. James G. Blame, jr., said today, in due time his client will make a reply to the letter published by Secretary Blame. She has been ill since her return from Dead wood, and is not yet in a condition to make such an answer as tbe circum stances call for. FATHER DUCEY'S LETTER. Washington. Feb. 29. —A reporter to day asked Blame for a copy of his reply from Father Ducey. Blame replied that it was Father Ducey's privilege to pub lish it. He added cautiously, the letter did not amount to anything. CHILEAN ADVICES. Purchase of War Vessel* — C hargea Against McCreery and Harlow. New York, Feb. 29.—The Herald's Valparaiso, correspondent says: The actual condition of affairs relative to the purchase by Chile of warships from Oreat Britain, iB that thia country has the option until June." One of them is in Armstrong's yards, the other a( Laird's at Birkenhead. It was built for tbe Portuguese, but not taken. Tbe charges against McCreery and Lieutenant Harlow, which have been mentioned in cable dispatches, have been forwarded to the United States by mail. Dr. Ttumbull bas also mailed a statement that McCreery gave out the news' for which Admiral Brown was blamed about the landing at Quinteroa bay. Eire's Ravages. Albany, Feb. 29.—Fire, which broke out among some oil barrels in the store house of Mather Bros., .wholesale gro cers, Broadway and Dean, tonight, de stroyed about a quarter of a million dol; lars worth of property and gave the fire men great trouble to get it under con trol. Milwaukee, Feb. 29.—Fire tonight on West Water street destroyed I. Leiser's dry goods store. Bowers' toy store and several other smaller establishments. Loss, $100,000; partly insured. Danville, Va., Feb. 29.—Information ia received that Hillsville, the county seat of Carroll county, is half destroyed by fire. No particulars. Gladstone's Return. London, Feb. 29.—Mr. Gladstone and wife returned today from France. YOl!N<i UAUM's TALK OF WOE. MRS. BLArNK, JR., WILL REt'LY. TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 1892—TEN PAGES. THE M'KINLEY LAW. Fully Ratified by the U. S. Supreme Court. Test Cases All Decided in Favor of the Administration. Tom Reed's Method of Counting: a Quorum Also Endorsed. The Say ward Bering Ben Case Decided In Favor of the Government - Flelden and Sehwab Left to Their Fata. Associated Press Dispatches. Washington, Feb. 20.—Three cases in which importers sought to test the con stitutionality of the McKinley tariff act were today decided by the United States supreme court. The court affirmed the judgment of the New York and Illinois circuit courts of the United States in favor of the constitutionality of the act. The three cases in which importers sought to test tbe constitutionality of the McKinley tariff act were thosd of Boyd, Sutton & Co., and Herman, Steinbach & Co., each versus the United States, and Joel B. Eberhardt, collector of the port of New York, and Marshall, field & Co., versus Clark, collector of the port of Chicago. The grounds on which it was maintained the tariff was unconstitutional, were that the tobacco rebate section of the bill had been omitted in its enrollment after passage by congress, and therefore tbe bill signed by the president was not the same bill passed by the legislative de partment of the government; that the reciprocity feature waa the transmission to the executive'of law-making power, and therefore void, vitiating the whole act, and lastly that the act was void be cause of the sugar bounty provision. the ■■resident's signature. Justice Harlan read the opinion. He said the court had given the most care ful and deliberate attention to the ques tion now raised for the first time as to the court's determining whether the act signed by the president was actually the law passed by congress. The object of the journal required to be kept by ■ di gress was not that it might be consulted to determine the authenticity of an act of congress, but that there might be publicity of the proceedings. The sig natures of the two presiding officers, and of tbe president was the complete authentication of the bill, providing that the forma required had been com plied witb. The suggestion that there might be a deliberate conspiracy be tween the presiding officers and the president to make a law not passed by congress, the court said, could not hold. The enrolled act, the court held, was conclusive. AS TO RECIPROCITY. As to reciprocity, the court says tbe various decisions of the court and the practice of years establishes the right of congress to give the president power by proclamation at a future day to revoke or modify certain clauses of an act. It holds that it was not the transfer of legislative power, but simply gave the president power to determine whether the time which the requirements of con gress as to the act taking effect specified had arrived. The president, the court says, is not vested with any real legisla tive power; congress prescribed the con ditions under which the president should act. All he hnd to ascertain was that a particular fact existed, and then it was directed that he execute the act. The president was the mere agent of the law-making power. SUGAR BOUNTIES. With respect to sugar bounties, the court says the argument that the valid ity of the whole act is involved in the question as to whether or not this clause is valid, is so obvious an error as not to warrant argument. There is no such connection between tbis part of the act and the other sections as to warrant the court in assuming that the rest would not have been adopted, but for the adop tion of tbe bounty system. They are entirely separate in purpose. A DIFFERENCE OF OPINION. Justice Lamar and Ohief Justice Ful ler concurred in the finding of the court but dissented from that part holding the reciprocity section constitutional. They held tbat it was a transfer of leg islative power, but concurred in the conclusion on the ground tbat there was no vital connection between the reci procity section and the tariff portiona of the act. THE "NO tiUOBUM" CASK, The "no quorum" caae in which the legality of the Dingley worsted act waa attacked by importers, waa also decided today. The Dingley act waa passed through the action of Speaker Reed in counting a quorum when a quorum when a quorum of members were pres ent, but not voting. The importers maintained that Speaker Reed's action was in violation of the constitution, and that an act paased in this manner waa void. The court in an opinion by Jus tice Brewer, holds that the act ia valid, and that the house of representatives had a right to make such a rule. The constitution provides, says the opinion, that a majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do busi ness. In other words when a majority ia present, the house ia in position to do busidess. Its capacity to transact business ia then established, created by the mere presence of the majority, and does not depend upon the disposi tion or assent or action of any single member or a fraction of the majority present. All that tbe constitution re quires ia the presence of a majority, and when a majority ia present, tbe power of tbe bouae ariaea. Tbe constitution haa prescribed no method of ascertain ing the presence of a majority, and it is, therefore clearly within tbe competency of the house to prescribe any method that may be reasonably certain to ascer tain the fact. There was a quorum present when thia bill waa paesed, and the question then is, whether a quorum being present, the bill received a suffi cient number of votes, and here the gen eral rule of all parliamentary bodies is that when a quorum is present the act of the majority of thequorum ie the act of the body, ln the United States consti tution there is no such limitation as is found in certain state constitutions that a majority of all the members elected shall be present and necessary to the passage of a bill, and therefore the gen eral law of such bodies obtains. BARBED WIRE PATENT. The court also affirmed tbe validity of tbe barbed wire fence patent, held by the Wasbburne & Moen manufacturing company. THK SAY WARD CASK. The Political Issue Dodged In the De cision of the Court. Washington, Feb, 29. —The opinion of the United States supremo court, in the case of ex parte Thomas H. Cooper, owner of the Canadian schooner Say ward, by which the government of Great Britain and the Dominion of C an ada sought to obtain from the highest legal tribunal in the United States the determination of the question of the right of the United States to exercise exclusive jurisdiction over the seal fish eries in Bering tea, was today ren dered. The court first took up the question of the right of tbe supreme court to is sue a writ of prohibition against the Alaska court. It says, although the Alaska court ia not mentioned in the act giving the United States supreme court power to issue writs of prohibition and to review the decisions of district courts, yet, .nevertheless, where the Alaska court is acting as a district court of the United States, and in admiralty proceedings, it comes within the pur view of the act giving the supreme court power to review by way of a writ of prohibition. It then takes up the next question, and says the libel on ita face states that the court found that the sealing had taken place within the limits of Alaska, and the waters thereof, thus making its jurisdiction appear fully on the face of tbe proceedings. The owner oi tbe vessel, the court says, could have ques tioned the right of the court to exercise jurisdiction and try the case. He did not do so, and the court holds that it cannot now, on the ground that the pri vate rights of the owner were involved, issue a writ of prohibition to determine whether or not the Alaska court had the jurisdiction clearly asserted on the face of the proceedings. Justice Field dissented in thia caae, and also from the decision in favor of the United States in the caae of the schooner Sylvia Hany, an American vessel seized for illegal aealing, and in which the pointa raised were the same as in the Say ward caae. Tbe political question the court did uot actually decide, thought it conveyed a very broad intimation that had it had narrower ground on which to refuse the ffrit, it would bave declined togrant tho writ on the ground that thecourtshould not pass upon a question political in na ture. It aaid the matter had long been in controversy and negotiation between tbe two governments. It recognized the honor paid the court in the willingneaa expreaaed to have it review the merits of the facts as to whether or not this country's jurisdic tion extends over the whole of Bering eea, but did not think legal tribunals should interfere with assumption of ter ritorial sovereignty made by other de partments of the government. VIELDKN AND SCHWAB. The Supreme Court Refuses to Free the Anarchists on a Technicality. Washington, Feb. 29.—1n the cases of the anarchists Fielden and Schwab, now serving life terms in tbe Joliet, Illinois, penitentiary, for participation in the Haymarket riots, the United States supreme court confirmed the de cision of the eupreme court of Illinois that their sentence was not in violation of the constitution. Justice Harlan, who delivered the opinion of the court, first took up the ground that the prisoners had been de nied due process of law, because not present when the Illinois supreme court passed sentence. The supreme court of Illinois, says the opinion, was not one of original jurisdiction. Sentence was pronounced by the court of Oook county and the supreme court of Illinois merely fixed the date in conformity with the criminal code. No constitutional right of the prisoner was denied by the state supreme court refusing to enter oh its record tbe facts that Schwab and Fielden were not present when judgment was pronounced. The sentence of death waa not pronounced by the supreme court. The latter body simply affirmed the judgment of the Oook county court. No well considered case supports tbe con ten 1 ion of the appellant. Neither reason nor public policy require that the de fendant Bhall be personally present pending proceedings in tbe appellate court, whose function is to determine whether there were errors in the record to the prejudice of tho accused, and especially where, as in this case, he bad counsel to represent bim in tbe court of review. The judgment of conviction was not vacated by the writ of error; its execution waa only suspended, pending proceedings in the appellate court. The Joliet penitentiary is made the place for the confinement of persona sentenced by the courts, so that the detention of an appellant by the warden of the peniten tiary, iB not in violation of any right secured to him by the federal constitu tion. In reading the opinion the justice made no mention of the point taken by the appellent, that the government could commute a sentence, but could not pro vide for its execution. The above decision was given in the case of Schwab. In the case of Fielden the same doctrine is applied by the court to meet the point of absence of the accused when resentenced. The court also shortly disposed of the constitutional point raised, that tbe rights of the defendant under tbe con stitution were violated by the refusal of the supreme court of Illinois to amend its record to show that be was not present in person or by counsel at the time it affirmed the judgment of the trial of the court. New gaits at 126 W. Third at. , Select from oar large new stock and too are ■are to be fitted. Gets, Fine Tailoring. STORE TALK! ONE WEEK MORE AND OUR GREAT SEMI-ANNUAL CLEAR ing sale will be over, aud we will be ready to show you our immense stock of SPRING GOODS, which is now coming in. In light-weight suits of the latest patterns, coats and vests of the latest make, trousers and spring overcoats, our stock will be the most complete in Southern California; while for haberdashery and everything that men and boys wear underneath their outside clothes, together with the ornamental things that fashion requires for appearance's sake, we will be as. ever the leaders. The most artistic footwear manufactured by the best makers in the land, will be found in our stores; nothing new in fashion adapted to this line escapee our notice. We are always on the "lookout" for new things and our buyers are quick and active to secure the first of dame fashion's caprice. Although our boys' clothing department has been the best in Southern Cal ifornia, we are not satisfied, and we are now building additions that will more than treble the original space; nothing in the line of boys' clothing will be found lacking in this new department. When you have been to every store in ycur reach and don't find what you are looking for, then come to us, or come to ua first if you're in a hurry, we've always got it ready for your immediate use. We will have more to tell you on this subject next time. In the meanwhile come and see the bargains we are giving this week. Acknowledged Leading; Clothiers and Shoers in Southern California. P. S. —Our stores are open until 8 p.m.; Saturdays, 10 p. m. _ . HARD TIMES IN EUROPE. BRITISH MINERS TO QUIT WORK FOR A FORTNIGHT. A Million Men Will Be Thrown Out of Employment—High Frioe of Coal Caus ing Much Suffering—Thousands Starr ing in Austro-Hungary. London, Feb. 29. —It ia now estimated tbat 460,000 minera will cease work in a fortnight in their effort to prevent a re duction in wages. Should the present intentions of the minera be carried out and a strike be inaugurated, branch in dustries will be adversely affected, and it is estimated a million men will feel the effects of the struggle. The price of coal is rapidly rising in London, the figures today showing an advance of 3 shillings a ton above Saturday's rates. The increase will fall heavily on the poorer classes. . SUFFERING IN VIENNA. Vienna, Feb. 29.—The authorities of this city have at last been compelled to recognize the urgency of the situation among the poor, and now permit Social istic committees to circulate appeals, hitherto prohibited, for donations. It is estimated tbat 5000 shoemakers, 3000 carpenters, 1500 metal workers, 7000 stone workers and 2300 unskilled labor era are out of work, and much misery exists as the result. Aa the alleged re sult of the McKinley law, 12,000 pearl workers are thrown out of employment and are now classed aa unskilled work men. There ia great suffering in thia city, and the charitably inclined bave incessant demands made upon tbem to assist families who are on the verge of starvation. SLAVS STARVING. London, Feb. 29.—Famine prevails in Northern Hungary and 20,000 inhabi tants of the county of Arva are in a state of distress equaling (that prevalent in Russia. The government will not re lieve the sufferers because they are of the Slav race. ALL QUIET IN BERLIN. Berlin, Feb. 29.—8ince Saturday night the city has been perfectly quiet and there has not been a single dis turbance that called for armed police interference. It is believed no further trouble is to be apprehended. FKKNZKL OVERTHROWN. Indianapolis Street Oar Employee* Gain a Signal Victory. Indianapolis, Feb. 29.—Tbe street railway strike waa practically aettled at midnight tonight, when Judge' Taylor, of the auperior court, appointed Thomas Steele, the assistant superintendent, recently discharged by President Frenzel, receiver of the company. Tne petition for a receiver was died by W. P. Fishback, and aeta forth that the company performed ita duty aa a common carrier until Frenzel waa elected president; that be is wholly unfit for the position; that a continu ance of the strike will result in Wood shed and destruction of property; that the directors supporting Frenzel are un fit to operate the company. Receiver Steele will start the cars in the morn ing. . I ' • >'~ 1 FIVE CENTS. VERY TICKLISH. Silver Mine* at Butte, Mont., ia a Fr» carious Condition. . Bi'tte, Mont., Feb. 29.—Tbe silver mines in this district ere in c ticklish condition, owing to the low price of sil ver. The Alice has closed its stamp mills and reduced its force to ten men, laying off about 250 men. Tbe Blue Bird, the largest silver mine ie the district has been closed by an at tachment for $70,451, on an overdraft to that amount. The concern is ah Eng lish corporation. The reverses of the mine are said to be due to the low prices of silver and litigation in which it has been involved for several years. Over 100 men are thrown out of employ ment by tbe attachment. Trade With France. Paris, Feb. 29.—Whitelaw Keid, the American minister, and Jules Roche, minister of commerce, today arrived at a definite agreement for the establish ment of a commercial treaty between Prance and the United States. Roche will, on Tuesday next introduce a bill in tbe chamber of deputies to ratify the agreement. Washington, Feb. 29. —The secretary of state has given official notice of a def inite agreement for the establishment of a commercial reciprocity treaty between France and the United States. Hard Times In Costa Rloa. San Jose, Costa Rica, Feb. 29.—The events of the past few weeks portend a serious economic crisis. The govern ment appears so much impressed with the gravity of the situation that it haa suspended, for the present, efforts to se cure loans* The coffee crop ia bnt two thirds the amount, of previous year's harvest, and the price ia stationary at $35 per quintal. There is much anx iety in commercial circles, and it ia feared will fail. Yon Moltke's War Letters. London, Feb. 29.—The first volume of Count Yon Moltke's war correspondence is of interest chiefly to students of mili tary tactics. The Volume contains 146 letters relating to the Danish war of 1864. DENTAL PARLORS. Special attention Riven to the performance of all dent il operations in the evening by the use of a Special System of Klectrlc lights. All work guaranteed. Prices consistent with first clsbs work. Office Honrs—B a,m. to 5p m. Evening hours. 7 to 10 p.m. .• DB. J. A. CBONKHITE Dentist, 455 SOUTH BROADWAY 1-ao 3m Corner Fifth street- TO INVEBTORB. We have for sale a fine traot of iaufl, about 1000 acres, being CLOSE TO LOS ANGELES, On the Redondo Ball way, This is extra. One soil, lies level, all under cultivation, and water piped over the traot. A townslte, station and several buildings also included. If yon mean business, oaU aad learn further particulars; the prloe is surprisingly low. We have several "good tßlngs ,f to offar, both In city and country property. BETTB A sULENT, Beal Estate, Loejis tpd InveetaMtata, Com. BaoaewAT AJtp aacora -mm..