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Los Angeles herald. [volume] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1890-1893, October 22, 1892, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84025968/1892-10-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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Which baa been in constant use for over
Thirty Years, and not a single flaw in
the sounding board, case or plate can be
detected. The tone ia still there in all
its purenesa and sonority. Steinway
Pianos are made today of the same sterl
ing quality of material, and will please
the purchaser, aa the above one did its
owner, who traded for a new Steinway
5321 S, Broadway.
Piano Toner and Maker
Testimonials from Wm. Steinway, A.
Weber, and Decker Bron.
WALL PAPER v h ; es
Fine work in Lincrusta-Walton, Pressed Goods, Tinting, Etc.
Complete line of Room Mouldings.
The well known Artistic Decorators, are connected with this Establishment.
New York Weill Peiper Co.
\ \ for tbe best pboto
\ ..iiist'lssTwiih.i . — "—3j —r / VD -ich ended Octo-
—«^p»a™ f »-- gKg re berBi 1892> and at
all previous exhibits wherever work was entered in competition.
Largest and Most Complete Studio in Southern California.
All the latest styles and designs u<*ed. Platinottpk, Sbpia, Crayon and Wate
Oolor Portraits. Come early and secure a sitting before the holiday rash.
Take a Hint!
Don't put off till the last moment to buy your
Winter Clothes —buy now while the assortments are
complete. This is good advice, and is given in good
faith, whether you buy of us or our competitors.
If you pay us a call you are pretty apt to find
what you want. Popular goods at popular prices is
what we keep.
Cops and Saucers,
Rose, Cracker and Flower Jars,
Plates, Vases, Bowk, Etc,
For one week, commencing MON
DAY, OCTOBfcR 17th, we offer you a
square discount of 25 per cent on all the
above. The sale runs for one w e ek,
and it will pay you to look into it.
If you do not wish to buy come and
see others buy.
Everything in porcelain in Kan-Koo
goes at 25 Pfaß CENT DISCOUNT
for thia week.
Be sure and get the benefit of this
sale. Our Rattan Furniture Sale last
week was a grand success.
110 South Spring St.
(Onn. Na<lnan Hotel 1
Four Centuries ot
A. New Epoch in the World's
Dedication of the Columbian
The Crowning Trinmph of All
the Ages.
An Event That Has No Parallel
for Grandenr.
It Eclipses AH Former Achievements
of Nations.
Impressive Ceremonies In the Grest
Manufacture** Building; — Henry
Wattersou'a Masterly Dedi
catory Oration.
By the Associated Press
Chicago. Oct. 21.—1n the presence
of 100,000 people, amid the eohoes of
the largest chorus assembled in the his
tory of modern times; under arches, the
largest ever constructed in the history
of architecture, the World's Columbian
exposition was formally dedicated today
in the great hall of manufactures and
liberal arts, by the dignitaries of the na
tion. The event was one well designed
to inspire loyalty in the American heart,
making, as it did, the first international
exposition to be participated in by every
civilized nation of the globe. The occa
sion was equally significant in being de
void of tbat pomp and pageantry which
have characterized the world's fairs of
monarchical Europe. The inaugural cer
emoniee today weie a
A triumph greater than all the glories
of war. To the parent republic of the*
western hemisphere bad ' Vje*n reserved
tbe distinction of so winning the good
will and admiration of all the world,
that kings, emperors, czars, sultans,
mikado?, khans and shahs bave each
extended the hand of international fel
lowship to the American people, and
crowned with their benediction and ap
proval the exposition to be held under
the patronage of the republic.
As the discovery by Columbus marks
an epoch in the world's knowledge, the
occasion of today marks an epoch in the
world's civilization. It means that the
petty jealousies of the past have been
put away by the enlightened nations of
the earth and relegated to the ages that
bave gone; that upon neutral ground,
nations, like men, can assemble in
fraternal greetings and recognize
that bond of common humanity that
makes brothers of us all. The fierce
rivalry of arms has given place to the
friendly competition of commerce; self
ish greed for power has given way to a
thirst for enlightenment; to a desire
for material and intellectual develop
ment. Tbe old world is no longer im
patient with the progress of the new.
With bowed heads the diplomatic repre
sentatives of the crowned rulers of tbe
old world, today gave audience to the
ceremonies, and voiced no dissent when
the orators of tbe hour reviewed
the glories of republican institu
tions, and indicated that the greater
progress lay in government by the many.
But more eloquent even than the sil
ver-tongued orators of the day of the
grandeur of the republic, was the mod
est spectacle of tbe greatest internation
al exposition of the age ushered into
being, not by command of the crowned
heads of hereditary authority, but by
the acclaim of one hundred thousand
free men, each man the peer of his fel
lows, and each a sovereign of the in
vested righte of the republic.
The scene presented by tbe vast gath
ering in the dedicating building was one
never to bo forgotten. In many respects
it was without precedent. The dedica
tion hall was tbe largest structure ever
erected, and in it was gathered the larg
est crowd ever assembled beneath a
single roof. In the audience were prob
ably more distinguished Americans
than have ever been seen to
gether on any commemorative occa
sion in the history of the republic.
Learned jurists from the bench ; cab.net
officers; governors of states ; senators ;
congressmen; admirals and general?,
with all the regalia of authority; car
dinals, with their insignia of the apos
tolic faith; scientists, who are fast
wresting from nature the problems of
the ages; all these gathered here today
to do honor to the great silent student
of 400 years ago, who in bis way was
the pioneer of tbem all; who led the
van of human thought and manly dar
ing, and gave the wotld a new conti
nent, and to posterity an imperishable
reverence for Christopher Colum
bus. This was the name on every
lip, in every ode and song; that
crowned every peroration; that found
utterance in the opening prayer, and
was softly breathed in the closing bene
diction. All did him honor; and time,
that ripens and mellows the gratitude of
nations, after 400 years, gives the great
est homage to his memory and name.
As i-even Grecian villages claimed tbe
birthplace of Homer, after be had
begged his bread through their streets
and mouldered unhonored into dust,
so Art and Science, and Invention and
Religion, all vied today in claiming Co
lumbus as their own.
Distinguished Guests Escorted to the
World's Fair Grounds.
Chicago, Oct. 21. —At 4 o'clock this
morning a cannon out in the darkneßß,
on Lake Front park, was set boomiDg;
that was tbe way tbe notables in the
near-by hotels were awakened to the
fact that the day of the dedication had
been born.
As tbe dawn broke the skies were
clear, and the sun came forth bright
and red over the eastern lake horizon,
bringing tbe assurance that the assem
bled thousands should see and hear and
shout, and go away unsoaaed. Business
houseß were closed, and everybody was
afoot early to participate in the momen
tous exercises. Hour's before the time
for them to begin, lines of pilgrims to
ward the magnificent "city of white
palaces" at Jackson park, began to wend
their way. There were 90,000 chairs in
the great Manufactures hall, and tickets
were issued to many thousands more for
admission to the park, but a great mass
of the unticketed began to line up along
Michigan avenue to see the notables of
tbe occasion proceed under military
eecort down that magnificent thorough
fare to the exposition grounds.
Soon after 8 o'clock the clatter of
hoof and the clank of sidearms were
heard along Michigan avenue, as the
troops of United States cavalry from the
military camp in Washington park, pro
ceeded to the auditorium to escort the
notable guests to tbe dedicatory cere
monies at Jackson park, seven miles
away. Behind tbe galloping troopers
came pounding along tbe great avenue
batteries of United States artillery.
The rumble of wheels, the clatter of
harness chains, and the occasional shout
of mounted men woke the people, and
reminded them that Chicago's great
Columbian day was on, and here were
the fore-riders of the pomp tbat should
make it a big day in local, if not in
national history.
Taking a position near the auditorium,
these regulars awaited the appearance of
the notabilities npon whom they should
attend. Soon a troop of beautifully
mounted, richly uniformed cavalrymen
from tbe state of New York clattered in
from a side street, and took a position
as an escort to Governor Flower. These
were followed in turn by state militia
men from Pennsylvania and other
states, as escorts to tbeir respective
At 9 o'clock the distinguished men of
the occasion entered carriages and start
ed for the fair grounds, United States
troopers, artillerymen and other mount
ed escorts taking up the march as attend
ants. At Twenty-ninth Btreet a halt
was made at the residence of President
H. fl. Higginbotham, of the World's
Fair company, where Vice-President
.Morton and the joint committee on cere
t'loniee joined the procession. Follow
-3W the vice-prvsidential party's carriage
members oi President Harrison's
cabinet and members of the diplomatic
corps. Then came tbe members of the
supreme court, Mayor Washburne and
ex-President Hayes. Next came the
members of the United States senate
and houae of representatives,and follow
ing them representatives of the army
and navy, including General Schofield,
Gen. J. B. Brooke, Gen. Frank Whaat
on, and Lieutenant Commander J. T.
Hutchins, United States navy ; then a
string of carriages containing the gov
ernors of states and territories, with their
staffs, in the order ot the states'
entrance into tbe union. The executives
of Ohio, Massachusetts, New York and
lowa were most cheered as tbey passed.
After these came the orators and chap
lains, including Bishop Charlea H.
Fowler, of California; Hon. Henry
Watterson, of Kentucky; Hon. Chaun
cey M. Depew, of New York; Cardinal
Gibbons, of Baltimore; Rsv. H. 0. Mc-
Cook, of Philadelphia, and Mrs. Sarah
Cowell LeMoyne, of Boston. Then came
the commissioners of foreign govern
ments to tbe Columbian exposition, and
then foreign consuls; next, in 30 car
riages, were the members of the world's
Columbian national commission, and
then the board of lady managers, headed
by Mrs. President Potter Palmer. Tbey
were saluted as they passed by a gen
eral raising of hats by the multitude.
Then came the representatives of 11 of
the 13 original states. This part of the
procession was heartily cheered.
After them came 10 carriages containing
the board of directors of the World's
Columbian exposition, with tbeir offic
ers. After these, the managers of the
United States exhibit at tbe fair; then
seven carriages containing tbe sixteen
chiefs of departments of the exposition,
and next the staff of the director of the
works, in 18 carriages, along with tbe
arcbitecte of tbe various exposition
buildings. Last came, as a civic escort,
the city council of Chicago.
The route from Thirty-fifth street waa
via Grand boulevard and Midway
plaisance, to the fair grounds. At
Washington park, on tbe way down,
the troops encamped there, regular and
state, formed by brigades in lines of
march. A presidential salute of 21
guns was fired by the artillery, while
the troops stood at present arms. The
military display was most impressive.
Description of tbe Scenes in tbe Great
Manufactures Building;.
Chicago, Oct. 21.—At 9 o'clock the
visitors began to stroll into the grounds,
and by 10 o'clock 30,000 people had
passed through the gates. From this
time on the multitude was augmented
by tens of thousands. As the visitors
arrived, most of them went directly to
the great dedication building, anxious
to obtain desirable seats, and in a short
time everything except those reserved
for the distinguished- guests was occu
pied by the early comers. At 10 o'clock
tbe parade outside, in which 12,000 reg
ulars and state militia participated, had
hardly begun, and it was evident tbat
the many thousands who were doing it
must be content with standing room,
and that at least two thirds of the visit
ors to the ground would never get with
in hearing of the speakers' voices.
Among tbe first to enter were the
members of tbe grand dedicatory cho
rus, filling the seats assigned to tbem to
the number of 6500. Shortly after 10
o'clock tbe band struck up, and a great
volume of sound from 5500 throats
joined.in the preliminary practice of the
dedication ode, several stanzas of which
bad been set to music. In spite of tbia
huge volume of sound, it made no more
impression in the vast building cover
ing 30 acres, than would an ordinary
choir in a church. Practice though it
was, it was heartily cheered by the
great audience.
It was the throng of a century; the
scene of a lifetime; a spectacle that
shall in coming years mark an epoch in
the march of the nations of the earth.
No human pen can adequately describe
it. One muat see it to appreciate it,
words and figures fail. When one says
the great audience room waa capable of
seating 90,000 persons comfortably, with
space left for 75,000 more, it is simply a
big approximation.
Let us endeavor to get an approxi
mate idea of this unique scene. Im
agine thirty great steel arches, 385 feet
span and 206 feet high, covering a space
1400 feet long; this covered partly with
wood, partly with glass and surround
ing in its entire length a broad gal
lery with raised seats. Imagine a great
starry banner hung from the center of
each arch, with the clustered flags of all
nations, gathered in sheaves on the
front of the balcony between each pair
of arches. At one end imagine a great
platform filled with musicians, vocal
and instrumental; in the middle
of one side a great stand with
a pulpit-like projection in the
middle, draped with white and
yellow festoons. This is the official
stand. Imagine it filled with governors
and their resplendent staffs; dignitaries
of foreign nations, with jeweled, strange,
but vivid costumes; in front of this
stand, upon tbe main floor, a large railed -
off space set with desks and occupied
by newspaper men from all quarters of
the globe, working furiously, trying to
picture »he scene before them; back of
them and to the left,and right a sea of
human faces, the great audience Bitting,
standing, film g the immense space un
til itcan not hold another human being;
till boys and men take hold of tbe great
steel arches and clamber through the
braces high up above the heads of
the gathered throng. Imagine de
pending from the roof, midway
down, streamers of yellow, red and
white bunting. Imagine festoons of tbe
American flag draped here and there,
while in the center a great carved stone
eagle forms the nucleus of tbe glorious
standard of colors. On one Bide of thia
hangs the banner of Spain, with its lion,
its castle towers of red, white and black;
on the other side tbe green crosa of Fer
dinand and Isabella, upon a white
ground, where tbeir initials, surmounted
by a crown blazoned in yellow;
near by the official banner of
the world's Columbian exposition,
triangular in form, divided evenly,
one-balf of the ground being
blue, signalizing Lake Michigan; the
other half white, suggestive of tbe expo
sition building; a fringe of dark gold,
which, with the white, makes the colors
of Isabella; in tbe tassel a dark red
atiand, at once the crimson of Ferdi
nand and Columbus, and the terra cot ta
of Chicago, which, with white, make
.the new municipal color; in the field
near the staff of oak, a wreath enclosing
fonr "C's," intertwined, tbe initials of
Cycius, Christopher Columbus and Chi
cago; the oval form of the C's being
expressive of tbe Romanesque charac
teristic of the world's fair buildings, tbe
four typifying the quadro-centennial of
the discovery of America.
Suddenly a shout creeps up from one
end of the vast building, gradually grow
ing, approaching the stage till near at
hand the form of Hon. Chauncey M.
Depew making for bis place on the
stand, furnishes the reason therefor.
And so it goes as one after another of
welt known people are recognized by the
great gathering, there being come times
half a dozen eddies of hand-clapping in
different parts of tbe houee to signalize
the approach of as many different per
sons of note.
Tbe Notables Take Their Places for the
Dedicatory Exercises.
Chicago, Oct. 21.—1t waa 1:30 o'clock
when a great volume of band mueic
floated through tbe building, signalizing
the approach of the federal and other
officials concerned in the parade which
had left the auditorium some hours be
fore. The cavalry escorts at the head of
tbe column, rode in full marching order
directly through the portals, into one of
the wings that flanked the big structure,
Tbe horses and riders, seen at a distance,
had the appearance of mere boys.
These were followed by the other
military, and finally the notables,
in tbe meantime having been
served with luncheon in one of the"other
buildings, took the seats amid a rat
tling fire of hand dapping.
A vast cheer went up from the multi
tude as the vanguard of the distin
guished officials and guests of the occa
sion appeared on the platform. Head
ing tbe column was Hon. Lambert Tree,
of Chicago, ex-United States minister to
Russia, who acted as an escort to the
diplomatic corps. At his right, and
leaning lightly upon bis arm, was Baron
Fava, tbe distinguished diplomatic rep
resentative of Italy, tbe dean of tbe dip
lomatic corps at Washington, and fol
lowing by twos, attired in gold and gilt,
came the remainder of the distinguished
representatives of tbe old world and the
lands beyond tbe sea.
At this instant, and at a signal from
the leader of the chorus, 5000 handker
chiefs were unfurled to the breeze at tbe
extreme south end of tbe hall, and
waved in honor of the guests of the oc
casion. Instantly the vast audience took
up the spirit of tbe occasion, and 100,000
hands were extended to the skies and
100,000 handkerchiefs of varied colors
welcomed tbe dignitaries of the occasion.
The scene was impressive, and as tbe en
thusiasm deepened, every heart was
thrilled by the inspiration of the
hour. Majestically, and with the
stately tread of a military de
tachment, the diplomatic corps marched
to seats in front, and at the right band
of tbe chairman. The members of tbe
cabinet of President Harrison, con
ducted by Vice President Morton, came
next in line, and another mighty cheer
went up aa they were escorted to the
seats reserved for them. The members
of the supreme court of tbe United
States, attired in black broadcloth, came
next, and following the judiciary were
the representatives ot the Church of
Rome, Cardinal Qibbons and tbe papal
envoy, Monsigneur Satolli. Military
commanders, federal and state, brought
up the rear, and another wave of en
thusiasm swept over the multitude
as Generals Schofield and Miles
were recognized by tbe front row. Upon
the stage of this vast building were now
represented a larger number of generals
and officers of the United States army
than had ever assembled since the great
review at Washington, alter the surren
der and the cessation of hostilities. The
congress of tbe United States was repre
sented by senators and members of the
house of representatives, wr>o followed
next, headed by Senator Cullom and
Congressman Springer, of Illinois. A
minute later the governors of states,
led by tbe best known of them all, Wil
liam McKinley, of Ohio, appeared in
eight, and the cheers which followed
were a climax of enthusiasm as each
executive was recognized by his frienda
and admirers.
Central positions on th stage were
naturally occupied by those who were to
take part in the ceremonies. These in
cluded Vice-President Morton, Director-
General Daw, President Palmer, of the
Columbian commission ; President Hig
ginbotham, of the Exposition company •
Hon- Chauncey M. Depew, Chief Archi
tect Burnham, Hon. Henry Watterson
Bishop Fowler and others. Hon. White
law Reid, the vice-presidential candi
date, occupied a modest eeat at the ex
treme right, but was far from forgotten
in the bestowal of applause. It was
2:30 o'clock when the last guest was
finally seated, and the exercises of the
dedication began.
The Official Programme Carried to a
Successful Conclusion.
Chicago, Oct. 21.—The official pro
gramme began with the Columbian
march by the orchestra.
When the last notes bad died away.
Bishop Charles H. Fowler, of California,
advanced to a desk with bowed head,
while the peottle were hushed, and de
livered an eloquent prayer.
After returning thanks for the over
flowing goodness of Providence, as man
ifested in the unfolding of our history
as a people, and the shaping of our des
tiny as a nation, the reverend gentleman
"We thank thee for tbe glorious his
tory we have inherited; for" Lexington
and Fort Sumter; for Yorktown
and Appomatox—these throbbing
achievements of our patriotism.
We thank thee for Washington
and Lincoln; for Webster and Clay;
for Jeffarson and Jackson and for Grant
—these beacon lights of the republic.
We thank Thee for the mighty hosts of
heroes dead, and for tbe priceless les
sons they have taught us in patriotism
and valor, in statesmanship and in sac
rifice. We thank Thee for 60,000,000
of free, heroic, patriotic citizens; for the
open Bible, open schools and open
churches; for unprecedented growth,
abundant prosperity, multiplied inven
tions, unnumbered libraries, countless
newspapers, many colleges, great uni
versities, ubiquitous benevolence, uni
versal peace, uninterrupted happiness,
untarnished honor. We thank Thee
for emancipated manhood, exalted
womanhood. We thank Thee for free
conscience, by a free church, in a free
state, for a free people " ,
After invoking a blessing upon the
president and his family, upon the other
high dignitaries of the nation, upon tbe
women of this country and its wage
workers and defenders, he closed with a
prayer for the eternal welfare of those
present on this great occasion.
At the conclusion of the prayer, Di
rector-General Davis advanced to the
front, and after the applause of greeting,
spoke as follows:
He said it was his pleasurable duty to
present the noted personages who at this
hour, in their several functions, are to
contribute to tbe exercises with which
tbe grounds and buildings are to be
dedicated- "The World's Columbian
exposition," said he, "is the natural
outgrowth of this nation's place
in history. The ceaseless, resist
less march of civilization west
ward, ever weetward, has reached and
passed the great lakes of North Amer
ica, and founded on their farthest Bhore
the greatest city of modern times.
Chicago, the peerless, has been selected
for a great- celebration, which today
gives new fire to progress, and sheds its
light upon ages yet to come. Estab
lished in the heart of this continent,
her pulse throbs with the quickening
current of our national life, and that
this city was selected as the scene of this
great commemorative festival was the
natural outgrowth of predestined events.
Here all nations are to meet in peaceful,
laudable emulation on the fields of art,
science and industry, on the fields of re
search, invention and scholarship, and
to learn the universal value of the dis
covery we commemorate, to learn, as
could be learned in no other way, the
nearness of man to man, the fatherhood
of God and the brotherhood of tbe
human race. This, ladies and gentle
men, is the exalted purpose of tbe
world's Columbian exposition. May it
be fruitful of its aim and of peace for
ever to all the nations of the earth."
At tbe conclusion of Davis' address,
Mayor Hempstead Washburn extended
the freedom of the city to the guests of
the day.
Then Mrs. Sarah C. LeMoyne read a
selection from the dedicatory ode. Dur
ing the course of the reading, she
paused, while the chorus sang verses
from the ode. The acoustic properties
of the building were very poor, and the
voice of the reader was scarcely dis
tinguishable beyond a radius of 100 f*>et.
Miss Harriet Monroe, of Chicago, author
of the ode, and Mrs LeMoyne, were pre
sented with laurel wreaths at the con
clusion of the reading.
After the conclusion of the reading of
the ode, the director of the works, Dan
iel Burnham. spoke brieflv, and then
President H. N. Higginbothsm, of the
local world's fair company, delivered an
address, and presented medals to the
master artists of construction.
Next, Mrs. Potter Palmer delivered an
addresB on the work of the board of lady
President Higginbotham then formal
ly tendered the exposition building to
President Palmer, of the World's Co
lumbian commission. Tbe latter re-
Continued on Fourth Page,
Your fall suit should be made by Gerz.
Fine tailoring, best fitter, large stock.
112 West Third street.

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